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24637, 


CALENDAR 


OP 


STATE     PAPEES, 

DOM.ESTIC    SERIES, 
CHARLES  I. 
1638—1639. 


13.  a  2 


CALENDAH 


OF 


STATE     PAPERS. 

DOMESTIC    SERIES, 

or  THE  EEIGN  OP 

CHARLES    I. 

16  3  8—1 6  3  9. 


PKESEBVED   IN 


HER  MAJESTY'S  PUBLIC   RECORD   OFFICE. 


EDITED   BY 

JOHN  BRUCE,  ESQ.,  F.S.A., 

AND 

WILLIAM  DOUGLAS  HAMILTON,  ESQ.,  F.S.A, 

UKDEU    THE   JIIIIECTION    OF    THE   MASTEK    OF   THE   ROLLS,   AND   -WITH   THE   SANCTION  OF 
HEE    majesty's    SECKEXAKY   OF   STATE   FOK   THE   HOME   DEPARTMENT. 


LONDON: 
LONGMAN  &  CO.,  and  TEUBNEE  &  CO.,  PATEENOSTEE  EOW; 

ALSO   BY 

PAEKEE  &  CO.,  OXFOED ;  and  MACMILLAN  &  CO.,  CAMBEIDGE ; 
A.  &  C.  BLACK,  EDINBUEGH;  and  A.  THOM,  DUBLIN. 

1871. 


/'JJV^^ 


/,    ,-.~,  J^    7^^.  7-    ! 


3       B 


LOWDON : 
Printed  by  Eybe  and  Spottiswoode,  Her  Majesty's  Printers. 
For  Her  Majesty's  Stationery  Office. 


CONTENTS. 


Page 
Preface         --  -  -  -  '  "  -tii 

Calendae  -------  1 

Genbbai,  Index     -------    639 


a  3 


PREFACE. 


The  papers  comprised  ia  the  present  volume  carry  on 
the  Calendar  History  of  the  reign  of  Charles  I.  during  the 
latter  part  of  the  year  1638  and  beginning  of  1639. 

Among  the  more  noticeable  papers  are  those  detailing 
the  proceedings  of  the  English  government  in  its  endea- 
vours to  force  the  Scots  into  submission.     They  contain 
much    valuable    historical    information,    illustrating    the 
motives  vphich  actuated  the  King  and  his  chief  adviser 
Archbishop  Laud  in  resisting  the  Scottish  demands.     The 
Provost  and  Bailies  of  Edinburgh  remonstrated  against  the 
garrisoning  of  Scottish  fortresses  with  English  troops,  as  a 
thing  abhorrent  "  not  only  to  the  national  statutes  but  to 
the   common  law   of  nature   and   nations "    (see  p.  477, 
No.  19).     These   papers   also   throw  much  light  on  the 
course  adopted  by  Scotland  in   the   organisation  of  her 
forces,  and  the  military  weakness  of  England.    The  master 
gunner  of  England,  in  a  petition  addressed  to  the  King, 
and  dated  12th  Eeb.  (see  p.  448),  only  a  month  before  the 
departure  of  the  English  army  for  the  north,  "  dares,  to 
"  his  great  regret,  to  say  that  there  are  few  gunners  in 
"  your  kingdom  at  this  time  who  understand  the  several 
"  ranges  of  ordnance,  or  the  use  of  the  mortar,  which  in 
"  effect  are  the  special  points  belonging  to  a  gimner,  and 
"  impossible  to  attain  unto  without  a  great  and  continual 
"  practice."     Scattered  through  the  volume  are  numerous 
papers  relating    to    the    accumulation  of   magazines  of 


vili  PREFACE. 

powder,  the  monopoly  of  which  the  King  held  ia  his  own 
hands,  and  the  storing  of  arms  in  convenient  places  in.  the 
northern  counties ;  the  measures  taken  for  the  levying  and 
disciplining  of  the  trained  bands,  which  were  equipped  and 
transported  at  the  charge  of  the  several  counties,  but  were 
to  enter  into  the  Eiag's  pay  upon  reaching  their  rendez- 
vous.   The  letters  of  Sir  Jacob  Astley,  the  military  com- 
missioner, reporting  the  state  of  the  northern  counties,  their 
capacity  for  defence,  the  points  most  threatened,  and  the 
routes  most  eligible  for  the  marching  and  maintenance  of 
an  army,  are  also  replete  with  interest  for  the  topographer 
and  historian.     On  the  24th  of  Jan.   (see  p.  361,  No.  8.) 
Tho.   Smith,  the  Lord  Admiral's  secretary,  wrote  to   Sir 
John  Pennington,  "  The  Council  of  "War  sits  daUy,  and  the 
"  former  intentions  do  go  on,  but  they  are  much  troubled 
"  to  find  out  the  way  how  to  levy  and  maintain  this  army 
"  of  30,000  men.     The  last  great  lightning  has  done  a 
"  world  of  mischief  aU  over  England,  and  the  people  are 
"  generally  so  molested  with  predictions  and  rumours  of 
"  supposed  visions,  as  if  they  were  all  struck  with  a  panic 
"  fear.     Por  my  part,  I  never  regard  any  of  those  things. 
"  The  truth  is  we  do  already  see  the  beginnings  of  much 
"  evU,  and  have  cause  to  fear  much  more,  the  discourse 
"  whereof  I  must,  of  necessity,  leave  tUl  our  meeting, 
"  which  I  hope  wiU  be  about  six  weeks  hence." 

It  was  not  that  the  King  or  his  councillors  were  blind  to 
the  significance  of  the  ominous  tokens  which  every  day 
thickened  on  the  political  horizon,  but  the  storm  approached 
probably  sooner  than  any  of  them  expected,  and  from  a 
quarter  whence  it  was  not  anticipated.  The  Scottish 
difficulty,  which  ever  since  the  vain  attempt  of  Arch- 
bishop Laud,  on  the  23rd  July  1637,  to  impose  on  the 
people  of  Scotland  his  new  Scottish  Liturgy,  had  become 


PREFACE.  ix 

more  and  more  pressing,  at  length  developed  itself  into  a 
national  question.  The  Scots,  shielding  themselves  behind 
the  constitutional  safeguards  of  legal  forms,  proceeded  to 
elaborate  an  organised  resistance,  and  without  at  once 
rejecting  the  royal  authority,  they  disputed  its  mandates, 
as  not  sanctioned  by  the  Assembly  and  the  national 
Parliament.     (See  pp.  406  and  519.) 

In  order  to  thwart  the  reactionary  policy  of  Laud,  who 
stiU  continued  the  King's  chief  adviser  on  Scottish  matters, 
the  Scots  inaugurated  a  national  convention,  which  might 
act  in  the  absence  of  a  regular  Parliament.     (See  p.  406.) 

The  four  tables  into  which  the  convention  was  divided 
sat  permanently  in  Edinburgh,  one  consisting  of  nobility, 
another  of  gentry,  a  third  of  ministers,  and  a  fourth  of 
burgesses,  and  their  orders  were  universally  and  implicitly 
obeyed.  Amongst  the  first  acts  of  this  new  body  was  the 
promulgation  of  the  celebrated  Covenant,  which  produced 
such  consternation  in  England  that  the  King  despatched 
the  Marquis  Hamilton  back  to  Scotland  as  his  commis- 
sioner, with  power  to  grant  more  ample  concessions,  and 
authorised  biTn  to  sanction  the  withdrawal  of  the  Service 
Book,  Book  of  Canons,  High  Commission,  and  Pive 
Articles  of  Perth,  and  to  admit  the  setting  up  the 
Confession  of  Paith  of  1580  as  a  substitute  for  the  Cove- 
nant recently  entered  into ;  and  to  pubKsh  the  proclama- 
tion of  a  General  Assembly  to  meet  at  Glasgow  on  the 
20th  November  next,  and  a  Parliament  at  Edinburgh  on 
the  15th  May  1639  (see  p.  31,  No.  18);  but  these 
measures  came  so  late  that  they  were  regarded  in  Scot- 
land rather  as  symptoms  of  weakness  than  as  evidences 
of  the  royal  clemency.  At  first  the  Covenanters  protested 
against  the  royal  proclamation,  and  before  it  was 
published  "  sent  a  compendium  of  their  protestation  to 


X  PREFACE. 

"  each  borough,"  at  the  same  time  "taking  course  to  go 
"  through  the  whole  kingdom  to  impede  the  people  from 
"  subscribing  that  their  Confession,  lest,  unawares,  they 
"  should  fall,  with  them,  into  the  like  danger."  A  copy 
of  this  protestation  the  writer  of  the  news-letter  from 
Scotland  forwards,  together  with  "  certain  reasons  why 
"  none  that  have  subscribed  the  late  Covenant  ought  to 
"  subscribe  this  politic  Confession,  whereia  it  is  to  be 
"  feared  (though  not  as  yet)  many  of  the  Council  have 
"  played  with  religion  to  please  the  King."  (See  pp.  31, 
32.)  The  Covenanters,  however,  having  ascertained  that 
they  were  sure  of  an  overwhelming  majority  in  both 
assemblies,  notwithstanding  any  exertion  of  the  royal 
prerogative,  offered  no  strenuous  opposition  to  the  meeting 
of  the  Assembly,  which  met  at  Glasgow,  but  had  scarcely 
commenced  its  deliberations  when  the  Marquis  Hamilton 
vainly  endeavoured  to  dissolve  it,  on  the  pretext  of  its 
having  been  illegally  constituted  and  elected. 

All  the  Acts  of  the  Assembly  since  the  accession  of 
James  VI.  to  the  Crown  of  England  were  declared  null 
and  void.  The  Acts  of  Parliament  which  affected  ecclesi- 
astical affairs  were  repudiated  as  having  no  authority. 
And  thus  the  whole  fabric  which  James  I.  and  Charles  I., 
in  a  long  course  of  years,  had  been  rearing  with  much 
care  and  policy,  fell  at  once  to  the  ground.  The  Cove- 
nant, renouncing  popery  and  prelacy,  was  ordered  to  be 
signed  by  every  one,  under  pain  of  excommunication,  and 
the  press  was  set  to  work  to  promulgate  the  Acts  of  the 
General  Assembly.     (See  p.  453,  No.  103.) 

Matters  having  now  come  to  a  crisis,  the  Covenanters 
prepared  in  earnest  for  war.  "  We  are  busy  here," 
on  the  12th  Eeb.,  writes  Mr.  Craig  from  Edinburgh  to 
Erancis  Lord  Stewart,  (see  p.  453,  No.  103,)  "preaching, 


PREFACE.  XI 

"  praying,  and  drilling  ;  and  if  his  Majesty  and  his  subjects 
"  of  England  come  hither  they  will  find  a  harder  welcome 
"  than  before,  unless  we  be  made  quit  of  the  Bishops."     A 
plan  for  the  combiued  resistance  of  the  whole  kingdom 
will  be  found  at  p.  407 ;  and  at  p.  507,  Peb.  27,  a  pro- 
clamation of  the  King  to  his  loving  subjects  of  England, 
setting  forth  the  immediate  grounds  of  his  quarrel  with 
the  Scots.     "  We  cannot  but  hold  it  requisite  to  give  our 
"  good  subjects  (of  England)  timely  notice  of  their  (the 
*'  Scots)   traitorous    intentions,   which  very  many   ways 
"  appear   to   us.      As,  first,   by  the  multitude   of    their 
"  printed  pamphlets,    or  rather   indeed  infamous   libels, 
"  stuffed  full  of  calumnies  against  our  regal  authority 
"  and  our  most  just  proceedings,  and  spreading  of  them 
"  in   divers    parts    of  this   our  kingdom ;    secondly,   by 
"  their   sending   of  letters   to   private    persons  to   incite 
"  them  against  us,  and  sending  of  some  of  their  fellow 
"  Covenanters    to    be    at   private    meetings    in   London 
"  and  elsewhere  to  pervert  our  good  people  from  their 
"  duty ,^  and  some  of  these  meetings  we  know,  and  some 
"  of  those  letters,  lewd  enough,  we  have  seen ;  thirdly,  by 
"  their  public  contemning  of  all  our  just  commands,  and 
"  their  mutiuous  protesting  against  them,  a  course  not 
"  fit  to  be  endured  in  any  well-ordered  kingdom ;  fourthly, 
"  by  their  rejecting  of  the  Covenant  commanded  by  our 
"  authority,  because  it  was  commanded  by  us ;    *   *    *    * 
"  and,  lastly,  by  their  most  hostile  preparations  in  all 
"  kinds,  as  if  we  were  not  their  King  but  their  sworn 
"  enemy." 

The  whole  south  of  Scotland  soon  fell  into  the  hands  of 
the  Covenanters,  except  a  small  district  under  the  Marquis 
of  Huntly,  who  still  adhered  to  the  King,  and  vainly 
endeavoured  to  stay  the  tide  of  revolt.    "  I  hear,"  writes 


xii  PitEFACE. 

Edw.  Eeed  to  Viscount  Conway,  on  the  26th  Feb.  (see 
p.  556j  No,  92),  "  the  Scottish  Covenanters  have  prepared 
"  an  army  to  go  into  Aberdeen  and  the  north  parts  of 
"  Scotland,  and  press  a  submission  unto  the  Covenant, 
"  and  are  like  to  be  resisted  by  the  Marquis  of  Huntly, 
"  who,  as  the  report  is  here  (London),  has  an  army  of 
"  10,000  men,  and  if  that  difiference  will  be  able  to 
"  continue  the  King  will  have  the  less  to  do  with  his 
"  army." 

The  few  castles  which  belonged  to  the  King,  being  in- 
adequately provisioned  and  garrisoned,  were  either  seized  or 
voluntarily  surrendered,  and  on  the  Tuesday  before  the  Xing 
started  from  London  to  take  the  command  of  the  army 
in  the  north,  "  news  came  from  Scotland  (see  March  28, 
"  p.  623)  that  Edinburgh  Castle  was  taken  by  the  Cove- 
"  nanters,  though  not  above  three  days  before  the  governor 
"  of  that  castle  writ  to  Marquis  Hamilton,  that  he  was 
"  victualled  for  six  weeks,  and  would  hold  out  against  aU 
"  opposition,  so  that  'tis  thought,"  adds  Garrard,  "he 
treacherously  gave  it  up."  Two  days  after  this  letter 
of  Garrard's  to  Viscount  Conway,  Chief  Secretary  Sir  John 
Coke,  writing  to  his  fellow  Secretary  of  State,  Windebank, 
(see  31  March,  p.  628,  No.  78,)  says,  "  Erom  Scotland  we 
"  hear  little  tending  to  peaceable  counsels,  and  [have] 
"  confixmation  also  of  those  reports  which  you  have 
"  formerly  taken  notice  of  concerning  the  surprise  of 
"  Edinburgh  Castle  and  of  the  King's  house  at  Dalkeith, 
"  where,  besides  the  arms  and  ammunition,  the  rebels 
"  have  seized  the  chief  ensigns  (insignia)  of  the  Crown, 
"  and  what  is  become  of  the  Lord  Treasurer  Traquair 
"  we  do  not  yet  understand.  Rumours  are  also  spread 
"  of  the  taking  of  other  forts  and  more  arms,  and 
"  that  Aberdeen  should  be  [sur]rendered."     But  perhaps 


PREFACE,  XUl 

the  most  graphic  account  of  the  national  feeling  in  Scot- 
land is  that  contained  in  a  letter  of  Mr.  Craig  from 
Edinhurgh  to  his  brother  (see  p.  453,  No.  104).  "  I  was 
"  sorry  to  hear  that  you  have  vented  yourself  in  public 
"  discourse,  disallowing  our  most  just  cause,  and  taxing 
"  us  of  so  great  foUy  [as]  to  contest  without  power.  I 
"  think  there  be  not  many  Scotchmen  born  more  ignorant 
"  of  our  country  than  you  are ;  and  I  hope  that  the  same 
"  God  that  strengthened  the  arm  of  the  land  of  Sweden 
"  against  Germany  will  strengthen  us  against  England,  at 
"  least  that  part  of  it  that  wUl  contest  without  offence 
"  given  them,  for  a  number  of  scurvy  priests.  They  may 
"  consider  that  war  may  well  begia  here,  but  hke  a 
"  pestilence  it  will  spread  over  aU  this  isle.  Soldiers  will 
"  get  nothing  here  but  strokes,  and  many  of  them ;  but 
"  they  will  be  desirous  to  fight  where  they  may  get 
"  plundering  without  blows.  Both  the  King  and  England 
"  are  rending  that  they  will  never  knit  again,  and  it  shall 
"  be  seen  hereafter  that  it  is  to  their  great  prejudice. 
"  Knox,  Welch,  and  your  old  master,  Dr.  Liddell,  and 
"  many  others,  foretold  this  storm." 

Erancis  Botwright,  writing  from  Edinburgh  on  the  11th 
Eeb.  (see  p.  447,  No.  89),  to  his  friend  Patrick  Batey,  says, 
"  I  know  your  desire  is  to  know  the  news  here  in  Scotland. 
"  It  is  this,  that  the  Lords  here  have  made  a  book  of 
"  divine  services,  as  it  was  in  the  old  time  before,  which 
*'  they  have  all  taken  their  oaths  for  to  maintain  with  their 
"  lives  and  estates,  with  the  King's  leave,  wherein  they 
"  show  that  there  was  never  any  bishops  in  the  old  time 
"  before,  neither  wiU  they  have  any  now,  for  they  have 
"  banished  them  all  out  of  Scotland,  and  swear  that  they 
"  shall  never  come  in  more,  for  if  they  do  the  women 
"  will  beat  out  their  brains  with  stones ;  indeed,  if  it  had 


Xiv  PREFACE. 

"  not  been  for  the  Lords,  they  had  pulled  them  all  to 
"  pieces.  They  were  driven  to  take  all  the  soldiers  in  the 
"  town  to  guard  them  out  of  the  ports,  for  there  was  a 
"  whole  army  of  women  about  them.  If  the  King  would 
"  be  pleased  to  let  them  have  this  service  book  to  be  read 
"  in  their  churches,  they  would  look  for  no  more.  And 
"  for  any  preparation  of  wars  here  is  no  more  than  you 
"  have  in  England,  and  they  do  pray  as  heartily  that  there 
"  may  never  be  any  wars  betwixt  us,  as  they  do  for  their 
"  own  souls'  health,  for  they  think  verily  that  you  will 
"  come  agaiast  them,  for  the  speech  is  here  that  you  are 
"  making  aU  preparation  that  may  be,  which  makes  them 
"  very  much  afraid  of  you,"  &c. 

The  Earl  of  Argyle,  after  long  temporising,  embraced 
the  Covenant,  and  became  the  chief  leader  of  the  party, 
which  also  numbered  among  its  distinguished  adherents 
the  Earls  of  Rothes,  Casselis,  Montrose,  Lindsey,  Dal- 
housie,  and  Lothian,  and  the  Lords  Sinclair  and  Balmerino. 
(See  pp.  504,  519,  Nos.  89,  124.) 

Perceivrag  that  the  storm  was  fast  approaching,  the 
leaders  of  the  Scottish  movement  availed  themselves  of 
every  means  at  their  disposal  to  make  a  sturdy  fight. 
With  this  object  they  invited  over  the  Scottish  oflB.cers 
who  had  acquired  reputation  in  the  German  "Wars,  par- 
ticularly under  the  great  Gustavus,  and  committed  to 
them  the  chief  commands  in  the  army. 

Colonel  Leslie,  a  soldier  of  experience  and  ability, 
was  made  General-in-chief  (see  p.  361,  No.  8,  Jan.  24). 
Eorces  were  regularly  enlisted  and  disciplined  (see  pp.  336, 
407,  506,  513).  The  Scottish  Borders  were  put  in  a 
state  of  defence  agaiast  England  (see  p.  437),  and  letters 
missive  (as  we  learn  from  Spalding's  History  of  the 
Troubles,  printed  for  the  Bannatyne  Club)  were  sent  from 


PREFACE.  XV 

tlie  Provisional  GoverBment  installed  at  Edinburgh, 
through  all  Scotland,  to  the  Covenanters,  "  willing  them 
"  to  take  np  the  haiU  rentalls  of  Scotland,  alse  well  of 
"  freind  as  foe,  and  to  raise  IBs.  M.  out  of  ilk  chalder 
"  of  victuall  or  silver  rent  for  raising  of  men ;  and  that 
"  ilk  sheriflfdome  should  try  the  numher  of  their  men 
"  and  armes;  and  to  have  all  in  readiness  as  occasion 
"  should  ofifer,  and  to  levie  coloneUs,  captains,  ensignes, 
"  seqands,  and  other  officers  to  dreiU  and  trayne  up 
"  their  souldiers.  And  they  order  how  commissioners 
"  should  be  chosen  to  sitt  three  months  at  the  Council 
"  Table  at  Edinburgh  their  time  about ;  and  likewayes 
"  how  commissioners  should  be  chosen  for  releing  of 
"  ilk  presbyterie  and  parochine  of  the  land ;  and  set 
"  down  instructions  in  write  anent  all  their  bussienesses  ; 
"  whilk  bred  great  trouble  in  the  uptakeing  of  the  rentall 
"  within  ilk  sherrifdome  and  number  of  men  and  armes, 
"  and  others  above  written," 

To  counteract  these  measures  the  King  "sent  all  or 
"  most  of  the  Scottish  nobility  speedily  into  Scotland, 
"  which  is  conceived  will  not  only  encourage  but  enable 
"  his  party,  and  the  King  is  so  confident  in  his  good 
"  success,  that  he  mtends,  God  willing,  to  be  in  short 
"  time  in  Edinburgh,  to  settle  that  disordered  govern- 
"  ment,  which,"  continues  Eeed  in  his  letter  of  the 
26th  Eebruary  to  Viscount  Conway  (see  p.  506,  No.  92.), 
"  I  wish  he  may  do,  for  that  Scottish  affair  doth  make 
"  such  a  stand  of  money,  which  is  called  in  and  kept  in 
"  the  hands  of  the  Dutch,  who  are  the  greatest  lenders 
«  and  trusters,  and  the  like  by  the  EngKsh  money-men, 
"  that  some  extremity  appears  in  this  city  [London] 
"  already,  and  many  cannot  receive  their  own,  nor  borrow 
"  to  supply  their  wants,  who  were  held  rich  within  these 

b 


XVi  PREFACE, 

"  two  month-S."  An  order  was  likewise  issued  by  the 
King  in  Council,  directing  tlie  Attorney  General  to  send 
writs  to  Lord  William.  Howard,  Lord  Clifford,  Lord  Whar- 
ton, Lord  Grey  of  Wark,  and  to  Sir  Richard  Lumley, 
Viscount  Waterford  in  Ireland,  notifying  to  them  that  the 
King  had  ordered  all  lords  holding  lands  in  Northumber- 
land to  dwell  upon  them  with  their  families,  for  defence  of 
the  same.  "  The  better  to  resist  the  malice  of  our  enemies 
"  and  rebels,  if  they  should  presume  to  enter  therein.  We 
"  command  you,  therefore,  that,  all  excuses  set  apart,  you 
"  repair  to  your  lands  in  the  said  county,  so  that  you  be 
"  there  on  the  1st  March  next  at  the  latest,  with  your 
"  family  and  retainers  well  arrayed,  and  with  competent 
"  arms,  and  that  you  continue  there  until  you  hear  the' 
"  contrary  from  us.  In  default  whereof  we  shall  take  the 
"  said  lands  into  our  hands,  and  shall  cause  to  be  found' 
"  out  of  the  profits  thereof  persons  sufficient  for  their  safe 
"  custody."     (See  p.  372,  No.  49  I.) 

It  is  a  curious  fact  that  the  Scots  were  armed  with 
more  effective  weapons  and  of  more  recent  pattern  than 
those  in  use  in  England.  We  find  the  Government  com- 
missioner. Sir  Jacob  Astley,  who  had  been  sent  into 
the  north  to  prepare  the  country  for  the  opening  cam- 
paign, thus  writing  to  Secretary  Windebank  (see  Peb.  7, 
p.  437.),  "I  have  enquired  what  arms  the  Scotch 
"  Borderers  are  armed  withal.  They  have  all  muskets 
"  and  pikes,  so  as  our  Bordering  men  must  be  so  like- 
"  wise,  and  think  no  more  of  bows,  spears,  jacks,  and 
"  skul  caps."  The  character  of  the  Scots'  resistance  was^ 
"thorough;"  not  content  with  securing  their  own  fort- 
resses, they  determined  to  station  6,000  men  on  the 
English  frontier,  in  order,  as  Sir  Jacob  informs  the  English 
Government,  "to  prevent  His  Majesty  in  possessing  of 


PREFACE.  xvii 

"  Berwick  and  Carlisle,  or  at  least  to  make  both  those 
"  places  theirs."  These  vigorous  measures,  initiated  by 
the  Scots,  inspired  a  wholesome  fear  in  their  neighbours 
across  the  Border,  for,  notwithstanding  the  disproportion 
between  the  population  and  wealth  of  the  two  king- 
doms, we  are  told  by  Astley  (see  p.  438),  that  all  the 
gentlemen  ia  the  northern  parts  were  doubtful  of  their 
estates,  seeing  the  Scots  armed  themselves ;  but  when  Sir 
Jacob  assured  them  that  his  Majesty  intended  to  raise  a 
royal  army  to  defend  them  as  need  should  require,  they 
resolved,  being  many  puissant  families  of  brave  races,  and 
less  in  fear  than  others  further  from  the  danger,  to  stand 
firm  in  their  allegiance.  The  Military  Commissioner 
naively  suggests  that  an  army  might  be  more  cheaply 
raised  in  the  north  than  in  the  south  of  England,  "  and 
here  will  be  found  good  hardy  men." 

The  Government,  however,  was  at  first  so  disconcerted 
by  the  energetic  action  of  the  Scots,  that  it  was  at  a  loss 
to  know  how  to  proceed.  "  We  daily  meet  in  Council," 
says  the  Lord  Admiral  Northumberland  (see  p.  377, 
No.  80.),  "  but  to  little  purpose,  for  in  my  opinion  we 
"  are  but  just  where  you  (Viscount  Conway)  left  us. 
'•  Divers  trivial  things  have  been  argued  amongst  us, 
"  but  yet  the  King  declares  not  where  he  expects  to 
"  have  the  money  that  must  defray  the  expense  of  his 
"  army,  consisting  of  24,000  foot  and  6,000  horse." 

Beguiled  by  the  easy  triumph  they  had  gained  in  the 
case  of  ship-money,  which  only  last  year  had  been  decided 
in  the  interest  of  the  Crown  by  the  Bench  of  Judges,  the 
reactionary  party  now  persuaded  the  King  to  try  the 
expedient  of  reviving  the  feudal  claim  to  military  service, 
as  a  ready  means  at  once  of  recruiting  his  army  and 
replenishing  his  exchequer.      "Letters  are  going  to  all 

b   2 


XViii  PREFACE. 

the  noblemen  from  His  Majesty,"  writes  the  Earl  of 
Northumberland  (see  p.  377),  "  signifying  to  them  his 
"  resolution  to  go  northwards  with  an  army,  and  re- 
"  quiring  them  in  person  to  attend  him  with  their 
"  retinues.  *  *  *  The  King  is  told  that  by  this 
"  course  he  wlU  have  at  least  1,200  horse  raised  and 
"  maintained  without  any  charge  at  aU  unto  his  Majesty." 
Similar  letters  were  sent  to  the  "  Judges,  Inns  of  Court, 
and  Inns  of  Chancery,"  but,  instead  of  military  service, 
requiring  them  to  lend  his  Majesty  such  sums  as  they 
think  fit. 

The  experiment  did  not  succeed  as  satisfactorily  as  its 
designers  had  hoped,  for  we  are  further  informed  by  the 
Earl's  secretary,  Mr.  Smith,  in  a  letter  to  Sir  J.  Penning- 
ton (see  p.  465,  No.  134.),  "that  many  of  the  Lords 
"  have  absolutely  refused  either  person  or  purse.  My  Lord 
"  Say,  my  Lord  Bolingbroke  and  others  have  returned 
"  in  their  letters  to  the  Eong,  that  they  find  no  law  for 
"  it,  and  that  therefore  they  cannot  in  conscience  do  it, 
"  and  advise  the  King  to  take  a  Parliamentary  way. 
"  The  clergy  are  assessed  high,  every  dean  and  chapter 
"  at  200  marks,  and  the  rest  of  the  clergy  at  3*.  6d.  in 
"  the  pound.  The  bishops  are  left  to  a  voluntary  con- 
"  tribution."  Another  of  the  recalcitrant  lords  was 
Eobert  Lord  Brook,  who  "doth  not  apprehend  himself 
"  obliged  to  any  aid  of  that  nature  but  by  Parliament." 
Upon  fuller  reflection,  however,  and  probably  after  con- 
sultation with  their  legal  advisers,  both  Lords  Say  and 
Brook  signified  themselves  "  ready  to  attend  his  Majesty's 
"  person  within  any  part  of  the  kingdom  of  England" 
(see  p.  516,  No.  117,)  thus  saving  themselves  from 
the  danger  of  confiscation  of  lands  for  non-compliance 
with  the  feudal  summons  to  arms,  but  restricting  their 


PREFACE.  xix 

service  within  tlie  strict  limits  of  national  defence,  and 
tlius  virtually  refusing  to  follow  tlie  King  into  Scotland. 

A  stUl  more  formidable  difficulty  to  the  equipment  of 
an  efficient  army  was  presented  by  the  rivalry  of  the 
nobility  themselves,  who,  only  half  approving  of  the  war, 
were  jealous  of  the  favour  shown  to  each  by  the  sovereign 
in  the  distribution  of  the  military  commands.  Thus  we 
find  the  Earl  of  Northumberland  informing  Viscount 
Conway  (see  p.  378.),  "  The  Earl  Marshal  and  Essex 
"  are  extremely  discontented  at  Holland's  being  made 
"  General  of  the  horse,  though  Essex,  when  it  was  first 
"  proposed  to  him,  consented  that  Holland  should  com- 
"  mand  the  horse,  and  chose  for  himself  to  be  Lieutenant- 
"  General  of  the  army.  The  gentlemen  of  the  Privy 
"  Chamber  both  ordinary  and  extraordinary  are  to  serve 
"  on  horseback,  for  a  guard  to  be  near  the  King's  person, 
"  and  my  Lord  Chamberlain  is  to  be  their  captain.  How 
"  my  Lord  of  Salisbury  will  endure  this  I  know  [not. 
"  God  send  it  be  not  an  occasion  of  much  bloodshed 
*'  between  the  commanders  of  these  bands." 

A  command  in  the  army  for  Scotland  would  appear, 
however,  from  Sir  William  Pelham's  letter  to  Viscount 
Conway  (see  p.  322,  No.  104,  Jan.  16),  not  to  have  had 
like  charms  for  all.  "  I  have  seen,"  says  the  former,  "  a 
"  list  of  many  officers  more  than  you  pleased  to  write 
"  of,  and  I  cannot  say  that  I  am  sorry  I  find  not  your 
"  name ;  I  hope  your  Lordship  is  reserved  for  a  better 
"  and  more  pleasing  employment." 

The  ill  effect  produced  in  Scotland  by  the  evident  reluc- 
tance of  the  English  nobihty  to  contribute  to  the  war 
expenses  is  evidenced  by  a  letter  forwarded  by  Sir  Jacob 
Astley  to  Sec.  Windebank  out  of  Scotland. 

"  As  for  news,  truely,  Sir,  we  have  very  few  at  this 
"  present,  but  we  hear  out  of  Edinburgh  that  his  Majesty 


XX  PREFACE. 

"  should  be  delayed  his  corning  to  York  till  the  beginning 
"  of  June,  and  likewise  we  hear  that  there  are  sixteen 
"  of  your  Lords  in  England  who  haye  refused  to  give  His 
"  Majesty  any  soldiers  to  come  to  Scotland,  and  so  many 
"  shires,  nineteen,  have  refused  to  contribute  any  money 
"  for  the  sustainiag  soldiers."  (See  p.  694,  No.  11,  I.) 
Although  this  statement  was  no  doubt  an  exaggeration 
in  its  literal  expression,  it  conveyed  the  true  significance 
of  the  feeling  in  England.  "  Many  of  our  nobility," 
writes  Garrard  to  Viscount  Conway  (Mar.  28,  p.  621, 
No.  65),  "  who  should  have  gone  with  the  Eling  to  York, 
"  are  excused,  payiag  money.  My  Lord  of  Hertford  gave 
"  1,000?. ;  Lords  Bedford,  Kent,  and  Bristol,  [with]  many 
"  others,  have  sent  in  their  money,  and  are  excused ; 
"  they  neither  go  themselves  nor  send  horses."  The 
same  correspondent  also  tells  us,  that  "The  citizens  of 
"  London  gave  but  5,200?. ;  they  could  not  be  brought 
"  to  give  this  way,  so  his  Majesty  refused  their  gift." 

The  minutes  of  Nicholas,  to  which  we  have  above 
referred,  supply  us  with  the  answers  of  75  other  peers,  ia 
general  promising  compliance  with  the  royal  demands, 
but  frequently  pleading  poverty  and  age  in  excuse  of 
their  personal  attendance.  It  is  observable  that  certain 
of  the  answers  contained  ia  these  minutes  are  from 
persons  not  mentioned  in  the  list  of  nobility  to  whom 
letters  were  sent  according  to  the  roU  calendared  at 
p.  516,  No.  117.  Scattered  throughout  the  present  volume 
will  be  found  many  of  the  original  letters  received  from 
the  nobility  and  other  persons  summoned  to  attend  the 
King,  or  to  contribute  in  money,  of  which  these  minutes 
are  merely  notes.  Amongst  others,  that  of  William  Lord 
Maynard  of  the  11th  Eebruary  (see  p.  446,  No.  88),  in 
which  he  says,  "  I  will  not  allege  how  that  his  Majesty 
««  has  had  of  me  within  these  three  years  near  900/.  in 


PREFACE.  XXI 

"  extraordinary  ways,  which  few  others  of  his  subjects 
"  have  felt  besides  myself,  for  aU  which  I  pay  interest 
"  to  this  day ;  much  less  wiU  I  pretend  28  years'  service 
"  at  a  continual  yearly  charge,  without  any  other  expec- 
"  tation  of  reward  than  the  discharge  of  my  own  con- 
"  science  and  his  Majesty's  gracious  acceptation."  In 
many  instances  the  King  was  pleased  to  accept  a  fixed 
sum  of  money  instead  of  the  personal  attendance  of  the 
nobility,  and  this  probably  was  the  real  iaducement  to 
the  experiment.  Thus  we  find  Nicholas  endorsing  his 
minutes  above  referred  to  as  "A  list  of  all  the  Lords' 
"  answers,  whereby  there  are  here  but  254  horse  certain, 
"  =  7,400^." 

Por  the  cause  of  the  great  unpopularity  of  the  Scotch 
campaign  (see  p.  322,  No.  104,)  we  have  not  far  to  seek. 
It  was  regarded  by  the  people  of  England  as  impolitic 
and  unconstitutional ;  and  although  they  did  not  entertain 
the  same  hatred  of  episcopacy  as  the  Scots,  they  regarded 
the  attempt  of  Archbishop  Laud  to  impose  an  ecclesias- 
tical polity  on  the  northern  nation  as  a  threat  upon  their 
own  civil  and  religious  liberties.  In  this  light  we  find 
the  Roman  Catholics  (see  p.  623.)  supporting  the  re- 
actionary party.  "  The  Queen  has  commanded  a  fast  to 
"  be  kept  amongst  the  Catholics  who  frequent  her  chapel 
"  at  Somenget  House  every  Saturday  during  the  King's 
"  absence ;  and  here  is  a  prayer  penned  and  read  in  our 
"  churches  for  the  King's  good  success  in  this  journey  ;" 
while  the  ultra- Protestant  party  openly  sympathized  with 
the  Scots.  Thus  we  find  Robert  Reade,  secretary  to 
Secretary  Windebank,  reporting  (see  p.  518)  :— 

"  I  attended  his  Majesty,  by  Mr.  Secretary  [Windebaiik's]  com- 
mand, with  some  Scottish  letters,  that  had  been  formerly  inter- 
cepted, concerning  my  Lord  B[rooke],  Livingston  the  tailor,  and 


XXii  PREFACE. 

KnoUys  the  messenger,  and  I  desired  lii,s  Majesty's  resolution  in 
them,  and  proposed  whether  it  were  not  fit  to  have  my  Lord 
B[rooke]  and  the  others  restrained  before  his  Majesty's  going  into 
the  north.  His  Majesty  consulted  with  the  Lord  Archbishop  [Laud] 
and  the  Lord  Marquis  Hamilton,  who  only  were  then  present, 
and  they  were  of  opinion  that  they  ought  all  to  be  restrained, 
but  thought  it  better  to  respite  the  restraint  of  Lord  B[rooke], 
because  of  his  quality,  and  in  regard  that  he  that  had  written 
the  letter  which  fell  most  flat  upon  him  was  in  Scotland.  I 
answered,  that  there  was  ground  enough  in  those  letters  to  question 
him  presently,  and  the  greater  his  quality  was  the  greater  blow  it 
would  give  the  Puritan  party,  and  the  better  declare  to  the  world 
his  Majesty's  resolution  in  the  business  of  Scotland,  But  upon 
further  argument  his  Majesty  thought  fit  that  the  Lord  B[rooke] 
should  be  let  alone,  and  that  Livingston  and  Knollys  should  be 
apprehended,  and  their  houses  searched ;  and  his  Majesty  com- 
manded me  to  see  that  done.  I  presently  prepared  warrants  to 
authorize  me  to  do  it,  which  his  Majesty  signed." 

As  the  gravity  of  the  religious  question  in  England  as 
well  as  in  Scotland  hecame  more  perceptible,  the  King's 
responsible  advisers  in  the  matter  became  alarmed,  and 
we  are  told  by  Garrard  (March  28,  p.  621,  No.  65,)  that 
the  Archbishop  "had  not  been  well  of  late,  feverish 
"  and  ill  disposed,  but  God  be  thanked  he  is  now  well 
"  again;"  also  that  "All  my  Lord  of  Canterbury's  men 
"  wear  swords,"  but  whether  for  the  personal  protection 
of  the  Archbishop  in  the  event  of  any  popular  outburst 
of  passion  does  not  directly  appear.  The  King  himself 
would  appear  to  have  had  no  misgivings  as  to  the  wis- 
dom of  the  policy  he  was  pursuing,  for  when  Archbishop 
Neile  of  York,  in  his  annual  report  of  the  state  of  his 
province,  notices  that  "  too  many  of  your  Majesty's  sub- 
"  jects  inhabiting  in  these  East  parts  of  Yorkshire  are 
"  gone  into  New  England,  among  which  there  is  one 
"  Eogers,  that  had  a  benefice  well  worth  240?.  per 
"  annum,  gone,  whom  I  have  laboured  by  the  space  of 


PREFACE.  xxiii 

"  two  years  in  sundry  conferences  to  reclaim,  and  re- 
"  fused  to  suffer  him.  to  resign ;  but  at  the  last  lie,  going 
"  on  shipboard  for  New  England,  wrote  his  letter  to  me, 
"  acknowledged  that  I  had  given  him  good  counsel,  but 
"  ia  vain,  and  prayed  me  to  accept  of  his  resignation, 
*'  for  gone  he  was  for  New  England,"  the  King  wrote  in 
the  margia  with  his  own  hand,  "An  honester  man  must 
be  put  in  [his]  place."     (See  p.  430,  Eeb.  6.) 

The  treatment  to  which  the  Puritans  in  the  north  of 
England  were  at  this  time  subjected  is  further  illustrated 
by  a  letter  of  Sir  Jacob  Astley  from  Newcastle.  (See 
p.  437,  No.  62,  Eeb.  7.)  "  With  these  their  Lordships  will 
"  receive  the  account  what  we  have  done  about  the  Puri- 
"  tans  of  this  place  (Newcastle),  which  now  their  private 
"  meetiugs  will  be  excluded  them,  for  their  combination  is 
"  dissolved,  and  we  shall  have  an  eye  upon  them  all,  who 
"  I  find  to  be  poor  in  estate,  and  but  simple  in  judgment, 
"  their  consciences  serving  to  borrow  and  not  pay,  being 
"  most  bancroftes ;  and  if  a  fat  Puritant  could  be  laid  hold 
"  of  it  were  good  to  punish  him,  but  [for]  these  lean  ones, 
"  to  punish  any  of  them  in  an  extreme  way  wUl  but 
"  cause  them  to  clamour  against  persecution,  which  is 
"  their  common  course,  to  gain  popularity  in  their  '  sex.'  " 

Notwithstandiug  the  expectation  of  the  Scots  that  the 
King's  coming  against  them  would  be  deferred  tUl  June 
(see  p.  594,  No.  11.  I.),  the  army  was  ready  to  take  the 
field  by  the  end  of  March,  and  his  Majesty  made  the 
necessary  arrangements  for  carrying  on  the  government 
in  his  absence,  the  preparations  for  which  are  detailed  at 
pp.  339  and  340,  No.  162,  under  date  of  the  21st  January. 
The  defence  of  the  southern  provinces  of  England  was 
entrusted  to  the  Lord  Admiral  (Algernon  Percy,  Earl  of 
Northumberland),  who  "  was  made  Lord  General  of  all 


XXiv  PEEFACE, 

"  the  King's  forces  on  this  side  Trent,  in  as  ample 
"  manner  as  the  Earl  Marshal  (Thos.  Earl  of  Aiundel) 
"  was  on  the  other  side  Trent."  (See  p.  608,  No.  45.) 
"  The  morning  the  King  went  away  [from  London], 
"  which  was  the  27th  March,"  we  are  informed  by  Gar- 
rard, (see  p.  622,  March  28),  "  he  brought  the  Queen 
"  to  my  Lord  Admiral ;  said  she  was  his  jewel,  and 
"  committed  her  to  his  protection,  so  that  London  and 
"  Sion  will  be  the  habitation  of  my  Lord  Admiral  I 
"  hope  all  this  sunrmer,  neither  do  I  fear  tumults  at 
"  home  which  may  withdraw  him.  Therefore  my  Lord 
"  Conway  I  charge  you  quickly  to  leave  L-eland,  and 
"  come  to  us,  for  where  can  you  be  better.  My  Lord 
"  Deputy  wUl  not  hinder  you,  for  you  have  all  peace 
"  there."  The  King's  journey  to  York,  according  to  a 
programme  printed  at  p.  5M,  No.  57,  was  to  have  ex- 
tended over  a  fortnight,  but  was  performed  by  the  King 
with  much  greater  speed,  for  we  find  him  in  London  on 
the  27th,  conducting  the  Queen  to  the  Lord  Admiral,  and 
by  the  30th  at  night  he  was  in  York,  so  that  he  must 
have  accomplished  the  whole  199  miles  in  little  more  than 
three  days.  On  his  arrival  at  York  "  he  was  received  by 
"  the  deputy  lieutenants  and  chief  of  the  gentry  in  a 
"  noble  equipage,  and  with  much  demonstration  of  their 
"  forwardness  for  his  service.  And  which  gives  us  no 
"  small  content,  we  see  yet  no  cause  to  doubt  that 
"  sufl&cient  provisions  for  the  army  may  be  had  in.  these 
"  parts."  (See  p.  628,  No.  78,  March  31.)  In  the  south, 
matters  wore  a  more  gloomy  aspect ;  the  opposition  to  the 
payment  of  ship-money,  notwithstanding  the  decision  of 
the  judges  in  the  case  of  Hampden,  was  more  perse- 
veringly  persisted  ia  than  at  any  preceding  period.  Sir 
John  Hanbury,  late  sheriff  of  co.  Northampton,  reports 


PREFACE.  XXV 

to  Nicholas  (see  p.  342,  Jan.  21),  "  I  have  paid,  and 
"  which  presently  will  be  paid  to  Sir  WUliam  Eussell, 
"  above  4,000^.  which  I  have  received  with  great  oppo- 
"  sition  and  danger  and  many  menaces  of  suits  for  dis- 
"  tresses ;"  and,  further,  that  "  the  corporation  of  Brackley 
"  have  paid  in  no  part  of  the  501.  [ship-money]  their  writ 
"  was  for.  I  have  often,"  says  he,  "  called  for  and  sent 
"  to  the  mayor  for  it,  but  cannot  get  him  to  pay  any.  I 
"  sent  to  him.  to  make  speedy  distress.  *  *  He  then 
"  demanded  of  m.y  man,  who  should  save  Tn'm  harmless 
"  from,  suits.  So  that  unless  he  will  pay  it  upon  a  letter 
"  from  the  Lords,  it  is  not  like  to  be  paid.  The  writ  sent 
"  to  the  town  of  Northampton  is  for  200^.,  which  by 
"  reason  of  the  Plague  wherewith  it  has  been  visited 
"  near  a  year,  I  could  not  get  any  part  thereof;  neither 
"  can  I  get  little  money  in  any  towns  without  distraining, 
"  and  into  many  towns  my  men  dare  not  enter  to  distraia 
"  for  fear  of  being  killed ;  some  of  my  best  bailiffs  have 
"  forsaken  me,  and  will  not  meddle  any  more  in  that 
"  service.  If  you  think  fit,  I  pray  you  acquaint  his 
"  Majesty  and  the  Board  with  these  impediments."  A 
like  resistance  was  offered  to  the  tax  in  Buckingham 
(see  p.  392,  Jan.  31,)  and  other  counties,  although  perhaps 
not  quite  so  vehemently  as  in  Northampton,  where  the 
popular  party  was  exceptionally  strong,  and  deeply  em- 
bued  with  Puritanism,  as  the  Eev.  Humphry  Bamsden 
appears  to  have  found  to  his  discomfort,  for,  writing  to 
the  Dean  of  the  Arches,  Sir  John  Lambe,  to  defend  him- 
self from  the  imputation  of  drunkenness,  he  thus  speaks 
(see  p.  586,  No.  163.)  of  his  late  flock  :— 

"  I  pray  you  have  a  '  special '  care  of  your  choice  if  you 
"  employ  any  in  Northampton  herein,  for  they  are  so 
"  feathered  on  a  wing  that  such  are  difi&cult  to  be  found 


XXvi  PREFACE. 

"  who  will  truly  inform  without  partiality.  *  *  *  I 
"  only  show  you  a  nest  of  Puritans ;  if  you  can  haply 
"  catch  them  before  they  fly,  and  I  hope  well,  if  you  light 
"  rightly  on  them,  you  will  not  be  backward  to  reduce 
"  them  to  some  better  conformity,  since  it  is  in  your 
"  power  to  do  it,  which  is  the  utmost  of  my  desire.  Thus 
"  beseeching  your  worship  to  pardon  abundantly  my  pre- 
"  sumptuous  boldness,  praying  God  Almighty  to  continue 
"  you  long  and  all  other  powerful  instruments  of  his 
"  glory  in  his  church,  to  defend  it  from  malignant  re- 
"  fractory  spirits  who  disturb  the  peace  thereof." 

But  perhaps  the  most  marked  symptom  of  the  influence 
which  the  Scottish  dispute  was  exercising  in  England  was 
the  greater  freedom  with  which  the  measures  of  govern- 
ment began  to  be  discussed ;  and  unfortunately  the  King 
appears  to  have  given  at  this  time  only  too  well-founded 
grounds  of  complaint.  Even  those  in  high  place  spoke  in 
no  dubious  terms  of  the  new  legal  appointments,  which 
since  the  decision  of  the  judges  against  Hampden  began 
to  be  watched  with  much  stricter  attention.  On  the  27th 
of  March  we  find  the  Lord  Admiral's  private  secretary 
thus  writing  (see  p.  619,  No.  61,)  to  Sk  John  Pennington, 
then  in  command  of  the  Channel  Eleet : — 

"  Since  my  last  unto  you  his  Majesty  has  made  a  Lord 
"  Chief  Justice  at  Chester,  to  wit,  one  Sergeant  Millard, 
"  a  man  of  whom  the  world  took  little  notice  before,  and 
"  they  say  he  came  in  gratis,  which  I  should  much 
"  wonder  at  in  this  age,  the  rather  because  I  am  credibly 
"  informed  there  was  5,000/.  offered  for  the  place  by  one 
"  who  it  seems  intended  to  be  an  upright  judge." 

On  the  very  next  day,  March  28,  (see  p.  622,)  a  still 
more  cutting  satire  is  levelled  against  the  legal  appoint- 
ments, by  George  Garrard,  who  informs  Viscount  Conway, 


PREFACE.  xxvii 

that  «  The  Master  of  the  EoUs  [Sir  Dudley  Digges]  is 

"  dead,  a  man  unthought  of,  and  a  very  ass   is  [now] 

"  Master  of  the  Eolls,  Sir  Charles  Csesar,  a  doctor  of  the 

"  civil  law,  son  of  Sir  Julius.     He  was  the  very  anvil  on 

"  which  doctors  of  law  of  his  society  played,  and  was 

"  jeered  by  them  all,  and  I  believe  the  common  lawyers 

"  wiU  quickly  find  him,  and  not  spare  him  one  whit.     Sir 

"  Edward  Leech  was    to    give   13,000^.   for    the  place, 

"  1,0001.  presently,  and  6,0001.  in  May.     It  passed  the 

"  King's   hand  for    him,   and  was    left  with   the  Lord 

"  Treasurer  until  he  paid  in  the  money,  which  stop  raised 

"  new   competitors;    Su'  Thos.   Hatton,   from  my   Lady 

"  Hatton,  offered  her  house   presently  to  the  King,  and 

"  money  to  boot,  so  he  might  be  Master  of  the  Rolls ;  my 

"  Lord  Pinch  would  have  had  it,  and  would  have  brought 

"  in  a   sergeant,   one   Reeves,   who   should    have   given 

"  14,000^.  for  his  place  in  the  Common  Pleas,  that  would. 

"  not  take  neither,  yet  that  Reeves  is  made  judge  in  that 

"  Court  in  [Sir  Richard]  Hutton's  place,  who  is  dead ;  Sir 

"  Ralph  Freeman  also  offered  fair ;   but  this  woodcock, 

"  Sir  Charles  Caesar,  has  outbid  them  all,  15,000?.,  whereof 

"  10,000/.  presently  to  go  along  to  York,  so  God  give  him 

"  joy  of  his  place."    We  learn  from  a  news  letter  of  the 

1st  April,  which  will  be  calendared  in  the  next  volume, 

that  "  Sir  Charles  Csesar  borrowed  that  10,000Z.  on  Tues- 

"  day  the  last  week  out  of  the  stock  of  money  which  is 

"  to  repair  St.  Paul's,  which  he  paid  in  that  day,  and  is 

"  to  repay  it  back  to  St..  Paul's  within  ten  days  after." 

An  illustration  of  life  in  London  is  supplied  us  by  Vis- 
count Conway's  faithful  correspondent  Garrard  (see  p.  621, 
No.  65,  March  28).  "  Charles  Cotton  being  drunk,  would 
"  one  evening  in  Elect  Street  have  taken  a  gentlewoman 
"  from  Sir  John  Hunt,    »     *     *    and  pushed  her  to  go 


xxviii  PREFACE. 

"  into  the  Mitre  Tavern,  upon  which  grew  a  present 
"  quarrel;  they  both  drew,  Sir  John  Hunt  was  hurt  in 
"  the  belly,  but  it  missed  his  guts,  so  that  he  escaped 
"  death.  Mr.  Cotton  fled  for  a  time,  but  Hunt  recover- 
"  ing  he  came  back,  and  all  is  well  betwixt  them." 

In  a  presumed  letter  from  a  fashionable  lady.  Madam 
Ann  Merrick,  to  fair  Mrs.  LydaU,  we  have  (see  p.  342, 
No.  167,)  further  sketches  of  London  hfe.  The  writer 
prays  Mrs.  Lydall  to  entreat  her  ladyship  to  come  up  to 
town  "  in  Hyde  Park  time."  The  fear  of  war  with  the 
Scots  does  not  a  little  trouble  her,  lest  all  the  young 
gallants  should  go  for  soldiers,  and  the  ladies  should  want 
servants  to  accompany  them  "  to  that  place  of  pleasure, 
which  both  of  us  so  zealously  affect."  The  writer  also 
longs  to  see  "  those  Prench  ladies,  Madame  Mornay  and 
"  Madame  Darcy,"  and  "those  new  stars  of  our  English 
"  Court,  Mrs.  Harrison  and  Mrs.  Vaughan."  Among 
the  numerous  interesting  biographical  notices  contaiaed 
in  this  volume  is  the  foUowitig  mention  of  the  accouche- 
ment of  the  Queen  Henrietta  Maria.  "  On  Sunday  morn- 
"  ing  last  [Jan.  20]  (see  p.  362)  her  Majesty  was  brought 
"  in  bed  of  a  daughter,  who  Mved  to  be  christened 
"  Princess  Katheriae,  and  then  died.  This  child  is  said 
„  to  have  gone  nearer  to  the  Queen  than  ever  any  yet 
"  did ;  but  she  is  indifferently  well." 

The  King's  appreciation  of  art  is  universally  acknow- 
ledged; and  scattered  through  the  present  volume  are 
several  instances  of  his  munificence  towards  its  professors, 
one  of  which  attracts  particular  notice  (see  p.  603),  the 
receipt  of  Lionel  Wake  for  a  chain  of  gold  weighing 
82|  ounces,  delivered  by  Endymion  Porter,  on  his 
Majesty's  behalf,  to  be  conveyed  to  Sir  Peter  Paul 
Rubens,   as    bestowed    by  his  Majesty;    but  it    is  not 


PREFACE.  xxix 

SO  generally  known  that  Queen  Henrietta  Maria  paid 
for  many  of  those  admirable  masterpieces  wMch  still 
adorn  our  galleries.  At  page  196,  No.  4,  will  be  found 
a  notice  of  a  list  of  pictures  painted  by  Sir  Antonio 
Vandyke,  which  would  appear  to  be  in  the  handwriting 
of  the  great  paiater  himself.  There  are  24  entries  in 
all,  principally  portraits  of  the  King,  Queen,  and  royal 
children,  with  the  value  set  on  each  by  the  artist  himself. 
By  the  underwritten  memorandum  of  Endymion  Porter, 
we  are  ioformed  that  the  account  was  "rated"  by  the 
King,  and  that  he  marked  with  a  cross  those  pictures 
which  the  Queen  was  to  pay  for.  The  unsparing  reduc- 
tions made  in  the  charges  of  the  artist  by  the  hand  of  the 
King  "  are  more  stringent  than  could  have  been  antici- 
pated," says  Dr.  Carpenter,*  "  from  a  monarch  so  liberal 
in  his  encouragement  of  the  arts."  In  the  first  payment 
made  to  Vandyke,  by  the  crown,  in  1632,  the  charge 
was  201.  for  a  half  length,  and  251.  for  a  whole  length 
portrait,  which  is  about  equivalent  to  80^.  and  100/.  at 
this  time.  In  the  present  account  his  charge  is  increased 
to  SOI.  for  a  haK  length  and  to  601.  for  a  whole  length. 
These  the  King  reduces  to  261.  and  40Z.  A  stUl  larger 
reduction  is  made  in  the  price  of  the  picture  described  as 
"  Le  Eoi  a  la  ciasse,"  which  was  valued  by  the  painter  at 
200?.,  and  reduced  by  the'King  one  half.  Dr.  Carpenter 
imagines  this  to  be  the  portrait  of  Charles  I.,  now  in  the 
Louvre,  a  duplicate  of  which  is  in  the  possession  of  the 
Duke  of  Grafton,  where  Charles  is  represented  standing  be- 
side his  horse,  leaning  on  his  cane,  attended  by  an  equerry 
and  a  page.     If  the  conjecture  be  correct,  Dr.  Carpenter 

*  "Pictorial  Notices   of  Vandyke,"   p.  66,   where   the   document  is 
printed  in  full. 


XXX  PEEFACE. 

thinks  the  price  placed  against  it  by  the  King,  100^,,  is 
somewhat  unequal  to  the  merit  of  the  picture,  which  is 
one  of  the  finest  by  the  hand  of  the  artist.  It  was  pur- 
chased for  Madame  du  Barri  in  1770  for  24,000  francs, 
960Z.,  and  was  valued  by  the  experts  of  the  Musee  in  1816 
at  100,000  francs,  4,000Z.  Vandyke  was  paid  100^.  in 
1632  for  the  group  of  Charles  and  his  Queen,  together 
with  Prince  Charles  and  the  Princess  Mary,  when  infants, 
and  in  this  account  we  find  a  similar  group  of  the  royal 
children,  including  Prince  Charles,  the  Princesses  Mary, 
Elizabeth,  and  Ann,  valued  by  the  artist  at  200^.,  reduced 
by  the  King  to  1001.  This  picture  is  now  in  the  Vandyke 
room  in  Windsor  Castle.  It  has  the  painter's  name  on 
it,  and  the  date,  1637.  In  this  list  is  another  picture 
of  distinctive  character,  described  as  "  tine  piece  pour  la 
maison  a  Green-Witz,"  priced  by  the  King  at  100^.  Also 
one  described  as  "  Le  dessein  de  Roy  et  tous  les  Chevaliers," 
unpriced,  but  now  in  the  collection  of  the  Duke  of  Rutland 
at  Belvoir  Castle. 

One  of  the  pictures  to  be  paid  for  by  the  Queen  was  a 
portrait  of  her  Majesty  dressed  in  blue,  and  valued  by  Van- 
dyke at  601.,  given  to  the  Earl  of  Holland,  who  is  written 
"  Conte  d'Ollande,"  a  curious  example  of  cockneyism  for 
a  native  of  Antwerp.  The  total  sum  payable  by  the  King 
for  16  pictures  was  608?. ;  equivalent  to  2,412?.  at  present. 
This  account  appears  to  have  been  delivered  in  towards 
the  end  of  1638,  and  is  therefore  placed  amongst  the  un- 
dated papers  of  that  year,  although  its  exact  date  must 
have  been  sometime  previous  to  the  13th  of  December, 
for  at  p.  165  occurs  a  docquet  of  a  warrant  to  pay  to 
Vandyke  603?.  for  pictures,  and  also  1,000?.,  arrears  of 
his  pension  of  200?.  per  annum.  By  the  order  books  of 
the  Pell  Office  of  the  Receipt  of  Exchequer,  we  have 


PREFACE.  xxxi 

evidence  that  the  603^.  was  paid  on  the  12th  March  1638-9, 
but  there  is  no  entry  made  ia  those  books  prior  to  the 
death  of  Vandyke  of  the  payment  of  the  arrears  of  his 
pension,  which  must  therefore  be  supposed  to  have  been 
ultimately  lost.  The  nine  pictures  to  be  paid  for  by  the 
Queen,  and  valued  by  the  artist  at  380^.,  her  Majesty 
appears  to  have  "  rated  "  at  305^. ;  that  is,  if  we  suppose, 
with  Dr.  Carpenter,  that  the  docquet  of  a  warrant  to 
the  Exchequer  for  payment  of  S051.  to  Sir  Anthony 
Vandyke  for  pictures  "  for  his  Majesty's  use "  has 
reference  to  the  above.  It  should  be  noted,  however, 
that  the  pictures  ia  this  warrant  are  described  as  "for 
his  Majesty's  use ;"  whereas  it  is  to  be  supposed  that  the 
Queen  paid  for  those  ordered  by  her  out  of  her  separate 
revenue.  And  we  accordingly  find  another  entry,  at  p.  196, 
No.  5,  of  3,000Z.  to  be  paid  by  the  Treasurer  of  the  Chamber, 
including  sums  "  due  to  players  to  her  Majesty,  for  making 
pictures  for  her  Majesty,  to  apothecaries  and  others," 
which  it  would  seem  more  likely  included  the  sums  to  be 
paid  to  Vandyke.  By  the  docquet  of  a  warrant,  of  the 
date  25th  February  1638-9,  we  are  made  acquainted  with 
the  fact  that  the  large  sum  of  2,158/.  13s.,  equivalent  to 
8,634^.  10*.,  was  paid  to  John  de  Oritz,  his  Majesty's 
Serjeant  paiater,  without  accompt,  but  for  what  service 
does  not  appear.  The  mention  of  players  naturally 
introduces  the  subject  of  theatres.  There  were  already 
several  theatres  in  London,  but  these  apparently  were 
not  adequate  to  the  increasing  love  of  dramatic  enter- 
tainment, for  at  p.  604  we  find  mention  of  a  licence 
granted  to  WUHam  Davenant,  afterwards  the  famous 
Sir  WUliam,  for  the  erection  of  a  playhouse  in  a  place 
near  Fleet  Street,  to  be  assigned  by  the  Commissioners 
for  Buildings.     It   wiU  be   remembered   that  Davenant 


XXxii  PREFACE. 

was  born  in  1605  at  Oxford,  where  Ms  father  kept  an  inn, 
occasionally  frequented  by  Shakespeare,  who  according  to 
tradition  used  to  take  young  "  "William  "  on  his  knee  when 
he  came  in  from  attending  his  class  at  the  grammar  school 
in  Oxford.     Prom  school  he  went  to  Lincoln  College,  and 
on  leaving  the  university  became  page  to  the  Duchess  of 
Richmond.     He  subsequently  served  Sir  Eulke  Greville, 
Lord  Brooke,  on  whose  murder,  in  1628,  he  had  recourse 
to  the  stage,  his  first  play  being  the  tragedy  of  Albovine, 
King  of  the  Lombards.     On  the  death  of  Ben  Jonson  he 
was   appoiated   Poet   Laureate,   but   in   1638,    as    would 
appear  from  a    document   calendared   in    the  preceding 
volume  of  Domestic  Correspondence  (see  p.  359),  he  was 
in  danger  of  his  life  for  the  manslaughter  of  a  man  named 
Warren,  a  tapster  or  ostler.     This  man  having  offered  "  a 
sudden,  causeless,  and  intolerable  provocation,"  received 
"  a  small  hurt  by  Davenant,"  which  would  have  been  of 
no  damage  had  he  not  neglected  the  wound,  "  and  so  was 
the  cause  of  his  own  death."     "  By  the  importunity  of 
"  friends,  in  the  absence  of  the  said  Davenant,  and  with- 
"  out  having  any  testimony  on  his  part,"  as  stated  by  his 
wife,  Mary  Davenant,  in  her  petition  to  the  King,  "  the 
"  coroner's   inquest   found    the   said  offence    within  the 
"  statute  of  the  late  Kiag.     Afterwards,  King  Charles,  at 
"  the  instance   of  his   nephew.  Prince   Charles,  Elector 
"  Palatine,  granted  letters  of  transportation  on  behalf  of 
"  the  said  Davenant,  which  letters  extend  only  to  the 
"  safety  of  Davenant's  life,  his  lands  being  held  of  some 
*'  mesne  lords,  who  endeavour  to  prosecute  him  to  out- 
"  lawry,  to  the  ruin  of  petitioner  and  posterity.     She 
"  prays  the  King,  her  husband  being  still  absent,  to  give 
"  a  warrant  for  his  pardon."     By  an  underwritten  minute, 
dated  Whitehall,  12th  April  1638,  the  King  signifies  his 


PEEFACE.  xxxiii 

pleasTire  to  pardon  Darenant  for  Ms  life,  lands,  and  goods, 
and  the  Attorney  General  is  ordered  to  prepare  a  bill  for 
signature.  In  the  following  year,  1639,  Davenant  became 
governor  of  the  royal  company  acting  at  the  Cockpit  ia 
Drury  Lane,  and  ia  the  same  year  obtaiaed  licence  to  build 
his  new  theatre  in  a  place  near  Meet  Street  (see  p.  604). 
The  Civil  War  soon  blighted  his  prospects,  by  putting 
down  all  theatres,  and  he  went  over  to  the  Continent,  but 
soon  after  returned,  and  was  made  a  lieutenant  general, 
under  the  Duke  of  Newcastle,  when  he  also  received  the 
honour  of  knighthood.  It  is  not  requisite  for  our  purpose 
to  follow  his  fortunes  further  during  the  Civil  War,  but  it 
shows  how  deeply  his  early  dramatic  impressions  must 
have  been  rooted,  when  we  find  him,  after  the  Restoration, 
obtaining  from  King  Charles  II.  a  patent  for  a  theatre 
in  LincoLa's-Inn-Pields,  and  another  for  one  in  Dorset 
Gardens.     (See  Dom.  Cal.  Oar.  II.,  1660,  July  19.) 

Viscount  Conway's  correspondent,  Garrard  (see  p.  622), 
furnishes  us  with  some  gossippiag  news  of  the  upper  ten 
thousand.  "  The  devil  and  all  of  marriages  we  have 
"  going  on  here.  This  Thursday,  Lord  Herbert  marries 
"  the  widow  Banning  [Viscountess  Bayning]  ;  nay  he,  his 
"  father,  and  the  brokers  for  the  marriage,  visited  her  four 
"  days  before  my  Lady  Katherine  Percy  died ;  though 
"  both  the  Lord  Chamberlain  and  Powis  damned  himself 
"  to  the  pit  of  hell  there  was  no  intention,  much  less  a 
"  treaty  of  marriage  betwixt  them,  even  to  my  Lord 
"  Admiral  himself.  But  my  Lord  Admiral  hearing  of  it, 
"  to  show  how  little  he  believed  their  words,  sent  Smith 
"  with  my  Lord  Philip's  picture  and  a  small  diamond  ring 
"  he  had  formerly  given  her  to  the  Chamberlain,  who  was 
"  much  surprised  with  the  bringing  of  them,  but  there 
"  he  left  them.    His  son  doth  not  only  marry  the  widow, 

c  2 


XXxiv  PREFACE. 

"  but  they  will  swallow  the  whole  Banning  estate,  for 
"  Lord  Carnarvon's  son  shall  marry  one  of  the  daughters, 
"  and  one  of  the  Chamberlain's  younger  sons  have  the 
"  other.  My  Lord  of  Cranborne  is  also  within  this 
"  week  to  be  married,  but  not  to  my  Lady  Dorothy, 
"  but  to  one  who  is  not  worthy  to  wipe  her  shoes,  a 
"  younger  daughter  of  James  Maxwell,  with  whom  he 
"  gives  presently  18,000Z.,  4,000Z.  in  jewels,  800Z.  a  year 
"  in  land  ia  England,  and  half  his  Scottish  land,  [or] 
"  the  whole  if  my  Lord  William  Hamilton's  lady  dies 
"  without  issue ;  a  great  portion  !  But  I  hate  marriages 
"  made  for  money,"  continues  our  correspondent,  "and 
"  they  have  lost  their  reputation,  both  son  and  father, 
"  for  this  high  avariciousness." 

Edmund  Rossingham,  writing  to  Viscount  Conway  (see 
p.  453,  No.  101,  Eeh.  12),  thus  relates  the  particulars  of 
another  courtship  : — "  Lady  Salisbury  jeers  all  of  us  who 
"  wished  Lady  Dorothy  to  be  Countess  of  Devonshire,  for 
"  last  Thursday,  with  much  adoe,  God  wots,  the  Lord  of 
"  Devonshire  declared  himself  a  suitor  to  Lady  Elizabeth. 
"  The  old  Countess,  his  mother,  weeps,  and  takes  on 
"  that  the  world  might  believe  she  was  against  it,  but 
"  she  may  weep  her  eyes  out  before  any  reasonable 
"  creature  will  believe  so  much  HI  of  her  son  as  his 
"  undutifuhaess  to  his  mother  m.  the  business  of  liis 
"  matrimony  which  she  has  so  much  laid  to  heart.  I 
"  do  not  hear  he  has  been  yet  at  Salisbury  House;  his 
"  wooing  hitherto  has  been  like  himself,  a  great  priace,  by 
"  proxy.     God  give  them  much  joy." 

The  marriage  of  the  Lady  Dorothy  Sidney,  daughter  of 
the  Earl  of  Leicester,  with  Lord  Spencer  introduces  us 
to  a  rare  literary  gem,  namely,  an  unpublished  poem  by 
the  poet  Waller,  in   his   own  handwriting.     This  Lady 


PREFACE.  XXXV 

Dorotliy  was  the  Saccharissa  and  Dorothea  to  whom  so 
many  charming  stanzas  were  addressed  by  the  same  poet 
while  pressing  his  unrequited  suit.  The  poem  consists 
of  42  lines,  and  is  calendared  under  date  March  2,  1638-9, 
(see  p.  530,  No.  19,)  but  as  no  calendar  notice  can 
faithfully  embody  the  context  of  a  love  sonnet,  the  reader 
will  natm'ally  expect  to  find  it  here. 

"  Whatt's  shee  ?     So  late  from  Penshursfc  come, 
More  gorgeous  then  the  mid- day  sunne, 

That  all  the  world  amazes.* 
Sure,  'tis  some  angell  [fr]om  aboue, 
Or  'tis  the  Cyprian  Queene  ofl"  Loue, 

Attended  by  the  [gra]ces. 
Or  is't  nott  Juno,  H[ea]ven's  great  Dame, 
Or  Pallas  arm'd,  as  [whe]n  shee  came 

To  assist  the  G[r]eekes  in  fight, 
Or  Cinthia,  that  Huntresse  bold, 
Or  from  old  Tithon's  bedd  so  cold, 

Aurora  chasing  night. 
No :  none  of  those,  yett  one  that  shall 
Compare,  perhapps  exceed  them  all 

For  beuty,  witt,  and  birth : 
As  good,  as  great,  and  chast  as  faire, 
A  brighter  nymph  none  breath's  the  aire 

Or  tredds  uppon  y^  Earth. 
'Tis  Doroth^e,  a  maid  high  borne. 
And  louely  as  y''  blu[shin]g  morne. 

Off  noble  Sidne[y's]  race. 
Oh  !  could  you  see  into  [her]  mind. 
The  beutiesf  theref  ■wo[uld  far]  out-shine 

The  beuties  off  h[er]  face. 
Faire  Dorothea  s[en]t  from  Heauen 
To  add  more  wonders§  [to]  the  Seeven 


*  Originally  "  amases." 

I  Originally  "  graces." 

J  Originally  "  there  shutt  up." 

§  Commenced  to  be  written  "  glo[rie9j." 


xxxvi  PEEFACE 

And  glad  each  ey  and  ea[re]. 
Crowne  off  her  sex,  the  Muses'  port. 
The  glory  off  our  English  Court, 
,  The  brightnesse  off  our  speere* 
To  weUcome  her,  the  Spring  breath's  forth 
Elisian  sweets ;  March  strews  the  Earth 

"\\rth  violetts  and  posies, 
The  Sunne  renews  his  [fa]inting  fires, 
Aprill  putts  on  her  be[st]  attires. 

And  May  her  crown  off  Koses. 
Go  happie  maide,  increase  the  store 
Of  Graces  borne  wtl»  you  [the]  more. 

Add  to  their  nomber  [st]ill  ; 
So  neither  all-consuming  age. 
Nor  envies  blast  nor  fortunes  rage, 

Shall  ever  work  you  iU. 
"  Intended  to  her  Lapf  att  her  coming  to  London.     March  ye  2, 
1638[-9]." 

The  above  may  be.  accepted  as  the  literal  text,  but  it 
does  not  supply  the  place  of  tbe  original  document, 
wMcb  wlII  well  repay  a  perusal.  Altliougb  not  signed 
by  "Waller,  tbere  can  scarcely  be  a  doubt  as  to  tbe  writing, 
wbicb  the  internal  evidence  of  the  document  proves  to  be 
that  of  the  author,  from  the  nature  and  manner  of  the 
corrections,  not  less  than  from  a  comparison  of  the  hand 
with  the  few  other  fragments  extant,  consisting  only 
of  a  few  words.  In  an  old  black-letter  copy  of  Chaucer 
(ed.  1561),  sold  by  Mr.  Pickering  in  1836,  and  engraved  in 
the  annotated  edition  of  the  English  poets  by  Robert  Bell, 
1854,  are  the  signature  of  the  poet,  and  of  his  wife  or 
mother,  Ann  Waller,  with  the  date  1649,  and  inside  the 
second  cover  of  the  book  are  several  inscriptions  in  prose 
and  verse,  almost  illegibly  scrawled,  but  amongst  them 

*  For  "  spheere." 
t  Ladyship. 


PREFACE.  xxxvii 

may  be  deciphered  the  following  notice,  with  the  signature 
obliterated  :  "  The  noble  Chaucer  writt  in  praies  of  women, 
"  and  to  set  forth  his  witt,  it  is  a  pattern  of  poetrie  for 
"  all  men  to  learn  bye,  and  shall  be  kept  for  eternitie." 
The  hand  in  which  the  poem  on  the  marriage  of  the 
Lady  Dorothy  is  written  in  its  general  style  closely  ap- 
proaches to  the  fine  Italian  hand  of  the  time,  and  is 
the  same  as  that  in  the  copy  of  Chaucer ;  although  the 
latter  much  more  deserved  the  censure  of  Aubrey,  who 
compares  the  poet's  hand  "  to  the  scratching  of  a  hen." 
How  this  poem  came  into  the  Public  Record  OflS.ce  is 
readily  explained,  by  the  fact  that  it  was  one  of  the 
Conway  papers  restored  in  August  1857  by  the  late 
Et.  Honble.  J.  W.  Croker  to  the  custody  of  the  Master 
of  the  Rolls.  But  whether  it  were  originally  one  of  the 
papers  left  by  will  of  Sir  Henry  Wotton  to  Charles  I., 
to  be  preserved  in  "  his  paper  ofiice,"  or  were  preserved 
amongst  the  private  papers  of  the  Conway  family,  there  is 
now  no  means  of  determining,  for  "Waller  was  a  poet  in  his 
own  day  not  "unknown  to  fame." 

It  is  more  than  probable,  however,  that  this  rough  draft 
of  his  poem  on  the  marriage  of  the  Lady  Dorothy  may 
have  been  seized  amongst  his  private  papers  on  the  occasion 
of  his  arraignment  for  "  "Waller's  Plot "  against  the  Parha- 
ment,  and  so  may  have  come  into  the  possession  of  the 
Government,  and  been  preserved  amongst  the  Conway 
papers. 

A  few  brief  particulars  of  the  eventful  and  chequered 
life  of  the  poet  may  help  to  illustrate  the  history  of  this 
document.  "We  are  told  by  his  biographers  that  he  was 
bom  the  3rd  of  March  1605,  at  Coleshill  House,  in 
Buckinghamshire,  where  still  stands  the  old  oak,  now 
35  feet  round,  under  which  he  is  said  to  have  written 


xxxviii  PEEFACE. 

some  of  his  earlier  poems.  He  was  tlie  son  of  E-ohert 
Waller,  and  a  nephew  of  John  Hampden,  the.  stannch 
opponent  of  ship-money,  Waller's  father  having  married  a 
sister  of  Hampden.  He  received  a  liberal  education  at 
Eton,  from  whence  he  went  to  Kiag's  College,  Cambridge. 
At  the  age  of  23  he  married  a  rich  heiress,  who  died  soon 
after,  and  left  him  an  iafant  daughter.  Prom  his  epitaph, 
printed  iu  Sir  Thos.  Hardy's  preface  to  the  Syllabus 
of  Rymer's  Foedera  {see  p.  cxv.),  we  further  learn  that 
this  lady  was  Anne,  only  daughter  and  heiress  of  Edward 
Banks,  and  that  Waller  had  two  children  by  her.  After 
her  death,  Waller  paid  his  addresses  to  Lady  Dorothea 
Sidney,  the  subject  of  this  poem,  who,  marrying  Henry 
Lord  Spencer,  third  Baron  Spencer  of  Wormleighton, 
subsequently  became  the  Countess  of  Sunderland. 

On  the  occasion  of  this  happy  event,*  Waller  penned 
the  following  pithy  epistle  to  her  ladyhip's  sister.  Lady 
Lucy  Sidney,  who  seems  to  have  lost  a  bedfellow  at  the 
same  time  that  Lord  Spencer  gained  a  wife. 

"  Madam, 

"  In  this  common  joy  at  Penshurst  I  know  none  to  whom 
complaints  may  come  less  unseasonable  than  to  your  Ladyship,  the 
loss  of  a  bedfellow  being  almost  equal  to  that  of  a  mistress ;  and 
therefore  you  ought  at  least  to  pardon,  if  you  consent  not  to,  the 
imprecations  of  the  deserted,  which  just  heaven,  no  doubt,  will 
hear ! 

"  May  my  Lady  Dorothy  (if  we  may  yet  call  her  so)  suffer  as 
much  and  have  the  like  passion  for  this  young  Lord  whom  she . 
has  preferred  to  the  rest  of  mankind  as  others  have  had  for  her  ! 
And  may  this  love,  before  the  year  go  about,  make  her  taste  of  the 
first  curse  impos'd  on  womankind  —  the  pains  of  becoming  a 
mother  !  May  her  first-born  be  none  of  her  own  sex !  nor  so  like 
her,  but  that  he  may  resemble  her  lord  as  much  as  herself  I     May 


They  were  married  at  Penshurst,  July  IJ,  1639. 


PEEFACE,  Xxxix 

she,  that  always  affected  silence  and  retiredness,  have  the  house 
filled  with  the  noise  and  number  of  her  children,  and  hereafter  of 
her  grandchildren  !  and  then,  may  she  arrive  at  that  great  curse  so 
much  declined  by  fair  ladies — old  age  !  May  she  live  to  be  very 
old,  and  yet  seem  young  ;  be  told  so  by  her  glass,  and  have  no 
aches  to  inform  her  of  the  truth  I  And  when  she  shall  appear  to 
be  mortal,  may  her  lord  not  mourn  for  her,  but  go  hand  in  hand 
with  her  to  that  place  where  we  are  told  there  is  neither  marrying 
nor  giving  in  marriage ;  that  being  there  divorced,  we  may  all  have 
an  equal  interest  in  her  again!  My  revenge  being  immortal,  I 
wish  all  this  may  also  befall  their  posterity  to  the  world's  end  and 
afterwards ! 

"  To  you,  Madam,  I  wish  all  good  things  ;  that  this  loss  may  in 
good  time  be  happily  supplied  with  a  more  constant  bedfellow 
of  the  other  sex.  Madam,  I  humbly  kiss  your  hands,  and  beg 
pardon  for  this  trouble. 

"  From  your  Ladyship's  most  humble  servant, 
"  Edm.  Waller." 

Thwarted  in  his  matrimonial  amhition.  Waller  espoused 
a  lady  of  the  name  of  Mary  Bresse  (Maria  ex  Bressyorum 
familia),  by  whom  he  had  13  children,  five  sons  and 
eight  daughters.  He  was,  at  an  early  age,  chosen  to 
represent  Amersham,  his  native  place,  and  sat  in  several 
Parliaments  of  James  I.  and  Charles  I.,  and  in  the  Short 
and  Long  Parliaments  of  1640.  He  was  one  of  the 
Parliamentary  Commissioners  in  the  Treaty  of  Oxford, 
1643,  and  in  May  of  the  same  year  was  engaged  in 
"  Waller's  Plot "  against  the  Parliament,  for  which  he  was 
sent  to  the  Tower  and  condemned  to  death,  but  sub- 
sequently reprieved,  and  fined  10,000^  After  his  release 
he  retired  into  Prance,  but  returned  in  1653,  and  resumed 
his  political  career,  sitting  as  Member  in  several  Parlia- 
ments under  Charles  II.  and  James  II.  He  died  on  the 
21st  October  1687,  at  the  ripe  age  of  82.  A  good  portrait 
of  him  on  canvas,  29  X  24  inches,  is  in  the  possession  of 

d 


xl  PREFACE. 

Mr.  Andrew  Pountaine,  and  his  epitaph  thus  records  his 
merits  as  a  poet : — 

"  Edmundi  Waller  hie  jacet  id  quantum  morti  cessit ; 

Qui  inter  Poetas  sui  temporis  facile  princeps, 

Lauream  quam  meruit  adolescens, 

Octogenarius  baud  abdicavit, 

Huic  debet  patria  lingua,  quod  credas. 

Si  Gr^ce,  Latinfeque,  intermitterent  Musse 

Loqui,  amarent  Anglicfe." 

In  a  previous  Tolume  of  the  Domestic  Calendar  {see 
Aug.  1637,  p.  398,  No.  79)  occurs  a  notice  relative  to 
Beaconsfleld  Church,  taken  during  an  ecclesiastical  visi- 
tation of  the  churches  of  Buckinghamshire,  made  in  July 
of  that  year.  Erom  this  it  would  appear  that  there  were 
two  gentlemen  bearing  the  name  of  Edmund  Waller  then 
resident  in  that  parish,  one  distinguished  as  Mr.  Edmtmd 
Waller  of  the  town,  and  the  other  of  Gregories. 

The  report  goes  on  to  state,  that  "  four  seats  on  the 
"  north'  side  of  the  middle  aisle  of  Beaconsfleld  Church 
"  were  too  high,  viz.,  Mr.  George  GosneU's,  Mr.  Edmund 
"  Waller's  of  the  town,  and  his  wife's  seats.  The  four 
"  seats  on  the  north  side  of  the  chancel,  viz.,  the  parson's 
"  wife's  seat  and  their  servants'  two  seats,  Mr.  Edmund 
"  Waller's  of  Gregories,  all  of  them  to  be  taken  down  to 
"  the  notch;  and  the  three  seats  on  the  north  side  of 
"  them,  wherein.  Mr.  Waller,  with  other  of  his  friends,  to 
"  be  made  equal  with  the  rest.  «  *  *  Also  the  back 
"  of  Mrs.  Waller's  seat,  on  the  north  side  aforesaid,  to  be 
"  taken  a  handful  lower."  Erom  the  same  notes  we  learn 
that  similar  alterations  were  ordered  to  bo  made  in  the 
parish  church  of  Horton,  also  in  Buckinghamshire,  to 
which  village  it  will  be  remembered  the  poet  Milton's 
father  retired  from  his  business  in  Bread  Street,  so  that 
the  two  great  contemporary  poets,  Milton  and  Waller, 
were  then  neighbours,  and  Milton's  seat,  like  Waller's,  fell 


PREFACE.  xli 

under  the  condemnation  of  the  archdeacon  or  other 
visitor,  as  being  probably  an  inch  or  two  above  the 
regulation  height.  Of  the  lady  who  forms  the  heroine 
of  the  poem  we  have  no  further  particulars  in  this 
volume,  nor  is  it  needful  to  sketch  her  biography  at 
length;  suffice  it  to  observe  that  her  first  husband 
was  created  Earl  of  Sunderland  in  1643,  and  was 
killed  the  same  year  at  the  battle  of  Newbury.  She 
afterwards  married  E-ichard  Smythe  of  Bounds,  Kent, 
whom  she  survived,  and  was  buried  at  Brington,  in 
Northamptonshire,  1684.  A  half-length  portrait  of  her 
by  Vandyck,  which  she  is  said  to  have  presented  herself 
to  Waller,  is  preserved  at  Hall  Barn,  in  the  possession  of 
the  Earl  of  Bradford,  and  another  portrait  in  that  of  the 
Earl  Spencer.  The  portrait  at  Windsor,  popularly  sup- 
posed to  be  that  of  Saccharissa,  is  of  another  Countess 
of  Sunderland,  daughter  of  George  Lord  Digby,  and 
daughter-in-law  to  Lady  Dorothea. 

These  prefatory  notes  do  not  by  any  means  exhaust  the 
fund  of  biographical  information  in  this  volume,  which  is 
is  replete  with  the  most  stixriag  incidents  of  men  and 
manners,  to  which  a  clue  will  be  readily  discovered  by 
reference  to  the  Index.  I  have,  in  that  and  throughout 
the  work,  endeavoured  to  adhere  closely  to  the  model  set 
by  my  able  predecessor,  the  late  Mr.  John  Bruce,  whose 
loss  is  by  no  one  more  deeply  felt  and  lamented  than  by 
the  continuator  of  his  labours. 

In  conclusion,  it  is  my  pleasing  duty  to  acknowledge 
the  valued  services  of  Mr.  Lowson,  who,  throughout  the 
preceding  volumes,  had  assisted  Mr.  Bruce  and  myself. 

Wm.  Douglas  Hamilton. 
25th  March  1871. 


DOMESTIC    PAPERS. 


CHAELES  I. 


1638. 
Sept.  1. 

Sept.  1. 


Sept.  2. 
Oatlands. 


Sept.  2. 

Oatlands. 


Sept.  2. 
Oatlands. 


Sept.  2. 
Oatlands. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIII.    September  1-23, 1638. 

1.  Sir  William  Russell's  account  of  sliip-money  for  1G37.  Total 
received  125,165^.  9s.  Id. ;  in  arrear  71,248^.  18s.  7d.     [1  p.] 

2.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1037  levied  and  remaining  in  the 
hands  of  the  sheriffs  ;  total  4,844^.,  making,  with  the  12o,lQol.  paid 
to  Sir  William  Russell,  130,009Z.  collected.     [I  p.] 

3.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Upon  reading  petition  of  Sir 
Popham  Southcot  concerning  making  hard  soap  in  the  western 
counties,  and  touching  a  proclamation  which  he  desired  for  well 
ordering  the  same,  it  wa«  ordered,  that  Sir  Popham  should  attend 
the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  with  his  petition  and  the 
draft  of  the  proclamation,  which  they  were  to  consider,  and  make 
report  to  the  Board.     [Draft.     \  _p.] 

4.  The  like.  Return  having  been  made  by  the  mayor  of  Windsor 
that  certain  persons  refuse  to  pay  ship-money,  and  that  they  living 
within  the  Castle  of  Windsor  the  collectors  have  no  power  to  distrain, 
it  was  ordered,  that  the  Earl  of  Holland,  constable  of  the  castle, 
should  cause  assistance  to  be  given  in  distraining.  The  persons 
named  were  Mr.  Elraes,  Mrs.  Home,  Mrs.  Osborne,  and  Mr.  Newberry, 
each  assessed  at  IZ.,  and  Mr.  Eveley  at  10s.     [Draft,    f^.] 

5.  The  Council  to  the  Lords  Lieutenants  and  Justices  of  Peace 
for  Surrey  and  to  tlie  Commissioners  of  Sewers  near  Richmond.  His 
Majesty  having  taken  notice  of  the  great  nuisance  received  from  the 
water  falling  down  from  the  hill  and  part  of  the  streets  at  Richmond, 
and  settling  upon  the  green  before  the  Prince's  house,  to  the  great 
danger  to  the  health  of  the  royal  children  and  inhabitants,  we 
require  you  to  cause  the  same  nuisance  to  be  amended  by  causing 
the  drains  to  be  scoured,  or  new  drains  cut  towards  the  Thames  or 
other  way,  as  likewise  to  take  order  for  the  pitching  or  pavage  of 
the  streets  there,  usually  lying  foul.     [Draft.     1  ^.] 

6.  Order  of  Council.  His  Majesty  and  the  Lords  taking  into  con- 
sideration the  great  annoyance  given  to  his  Majesty's  house  at 


13. 


/ 


A 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Sept.  2. 
Oatlands. 


Sept.  2. 
Oatlands. 


Sept.  2. 

Sept.  2. 

Sept.  2. 
Sept.  2. 

Sept.  2. 
Sept.  2. 
Sept.  2. 


Sept.  2. 
Oatlands, 


Vol.  CCCXCVin. 

Whitehall,  by  reason  of  the  sewers  running  down  to  the  same,  it 
was  ordered  that  Mr.  Meautys,  clerk  of  the  Council,  shall  call  on 
the  Commissioners  of  Sewers  forthwith  to  take  effectual  order  for 
removing  the  said  annoyance,  and  that  he  shall  likewise  call  on  the 
Commissioners  appointed  for  removing  the  like  annoyance  given  to 
the  Prince's  house  at  Richmond,  and  from  time  to  time  til]  the 
several  annoyances  be  amended.     \_Draft.     \  'p.\ 

7.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  The  names  of  certain  persons 
underwritten  being  returned  by  the  sheriff  of  Surrey  as  refractory 
or  neglectful  in  paying  ship-money,  and  having  no  goods  to  distrain, 
it  is  ordered,  that  Matthew  Butler,  messenger  of  the  chamber,  shall 
give  them  warning  to  pay,  or  in  default  thereof  in  person  to  attend 
the  Council  on  the  22nd  instant,  whereof  no  one  to  fail  upon  pain 
of  being  committed  to  the  custody  of  a  messenger,  or  suffering  other 
punishment  for  their  contempt  as  to  the  Lords  shall  seem  meet. 
{^Underwritten  are  the  naines  of  li  persons,  among  whom  is  Paul 
Glapham,  vicar  of  Farnham,,  assessed  at  11.  5s.     Draft.     1^  p.] 

8.  The  Council  to  Henry  Kyme,  messenger.  To  bring  Nathaniel 
Fox,  starchmaker,  and  Edward  Eales  [Ellis],  constable  of-  Hogsden 
[Hoxton],  Middlesex,  before  the  Lords.     [Minute.     J  p.] 

The  like  to  Thomas  "Water  worth.  To  bring  William  Taylor,  of 
Windsor.  [  Written  upon  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding.  Minute. 
2  lines^ 

The  like  to  Robert  Taverner.  To  fetch  up  Henry  Aylope  [Aylet  ?] 
of  Aythorp  Roothing,  and  Thomas  Wood,  of  Abbey  [Abbots]  Rooth- 
ing,  Essex.     \_Ibid.    Mi/nute.    4  linesi] 

The  like  to  Edmund  Barker.  To  bring  before  the  Lords  John 
Girlington,  of  Girlington,  co.  York.     \Ihid.    Minute.     3  lines.] 

Close  warrant  for  John  Marley,  mayor  of  Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 
Thomas  Gray,  vicar  of  Ponteland,  Ralph  Errington,  of  Bingfield, 
and  Randolph  Wallinger,  of  London.  [Ibid.  Minute  afterwards 
cancelled.     J  p.] 

9.  Draft  entry  for  the  Council  Register  of  discharge  of  John 
Tilden,  of  the  half-hundred  of  Wye,  Kent.     [3  lines.] 

10.  Similar  entry  of  appearance  of  Thomas  Spencer,  of  West  Ham, 
Essex,  to  remain  in  custody  until  discharged.     {Draft,     i  p.] 

11.  Notes  by  Nicholas,  taken  at  meetings  of  the  Council  held 
during  the  present  month  of  September.  The  days  to  which  these 
notes  refer  are  the  2nd,  9th,  16th,  23rd,  29th,  and  30th,  on  all  which 
occasions  the  King  appears  to  have  been  present.  Many  of  the 
matters  noticed  will  appear  in  other  entries  in  the  Calendar. 
[37  Pi).] 

Order  of  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon,  Sir  Henry  Vane,  and  Sec.  Coke, 
Lords  Delegates  for  hearing  appeals  from  the  Court  of  Admiralty, 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


1638.  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

on  petition  of  Lewis  Dubois^  Francis  and  Manuel  Ramiros  Pina, 
Anthony  Galle,  and  others,  merchant-strangers,  owners  of  goods  in 
the  Salvadore,  taken  by  letters  of  marque  granted  to  Gregory 
Clement,  George  South,  and  others.  Petitioners  showed  that  on 
their  appeal  from  the  sentence  of  the  Court  of  Admiralty,  the  Lords 
inhibited  further  proceedings  in  the  said  court,  and  granted  a  mo- 
nition to  the  Registrar  to  transmit  to  the  Lords  Delegates  all  the 
proceedings.  The  Lords  appointed  to  hear  their  cause  on  the  24th 
instant.     [Copy.    See  Vol.  cccliii.,  p.  109.     -|  p.] 

Sept.  2.  Similar  order  on  petition  of  DaAdd  Hempson,  Adrian  Hendrix, 

Arent  Dirickson,  and  others,  merchant-strangers,  owners  of  goods 
in  the  Salvadore,  taken  as  above  stated.     [Copy.     Ibid.     ^  jp.] 

Sept.  3.  12.  Vincent  Corbett  to  Sir  John  Lambe.     Desires  the  happiness 

Morton  Corbett.  of  waiting  Upon  Sir  John  and  his  daughters  (to  one  of  whom  he  was 
suitor)  in  K  orthamptonshire,  before  their  going  to  London. 

Sept.  4.  13,  Petition,  of  George  Bagg  to  the  King.     Petitioner's  father, 

Sir  James  Bagg,  your  Majesty's  late  servant,  has  left  petitioner  heir 
to  a  troubled  estate,  remediless  in  all  but  by  being  your  Majesty's 
ward  until  June  next.  Hopes  to  be  made  capable  of  those  offices  com- 
mitted to  his  father  and  to  friends  in  trust  for  petitioner,  parti- 
cularly in  those  of  captain  of  the  fort  and  island  near  Plymouth  and 
collector  of  the  western  imposts.     [^  p.] 

Sept.  4.  14.  AlgernonEarlof  Northumberland  to  [Sir  John  Pennington].     I 

Sion  House,  have  forborne  saying  anything  to  you  upon  the  death  of  Mr.  Edisbury 
until  I  had  waited  upon  the  King,  fearing  that  he  might  have  been 
engaged  to  somebody,  but  his  Majesty  has  kept  himself  free  until  I 
came  to  him.  I  have  besought  him  to  give  me  a  little  time  to 
present  to  him  some  names  of  the  fittest  men  for  the  place  of  Sur- 
veyor of  the  Navy.  My  desire  is  to  know  whether  you  have  any 
mind  to  this  office ;  if  so,  I  will  do  my  best  to  procure  it  for  you. 
Let  me  know  your  resolution  as  soon  as  you  can.  P.S. — Send 
letter  for  Captain  Hall.  His  Majesty  commands  the  recall  from  the 
coast  of  Scotland  of  the  two  ships  that  are  plying  there ;  you  are 
therefore  to  send  directions  to  Captain  Fogg,  and  I  wiU  send  over- 
land to  Newcastle  for  him.     [2  pp.j 

Sept.  4.  15.    Thomas   Smith    to    [the  same].     His  Lordship    [the  Earl 

Sion  House,  of  Northumberland]  has  written  about  the  surveyor's  place.  I 
will  never  invite  you  to  accept  so  troublesome  an  employment, 
yet  what  you  shall  command  me  therein  I  will  readily  put  in  exe- 
cution. [Capt.  Thomas]  Lord,  who  commanded  the  blockhouse  at 
Gravesend,  is  dead,  and  though  the  Duke  [of  Lenox]  had  got  it  for 
one  of  his  followers,  yet  my  Lord,  and  [at  ?]  his  coming  to  court, 
prevailed  with  his  Majesty  to  bestow  it  on  Capt.  Fletcher,  alleging 
to  his  Majesty  that  if  he  conferred  such  places  on  any  but  his 
captains  he  would  never  be  served  by  any  deserving  man.  The 
victualler  has  promised  to  reform  the  bad  beer  and  has  order  to 

A  2 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Sept.  4. 
Sept.  5. 


Sept.  6. 

"  From  my 

Littlton  alle 

House." 


Sept.  6. 

Durham. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

provide  victuals  for  winter.  His  Lordship  has  received  advertise- 
ment from  Stradling  and  Fielding  that  they  have  found  Polhill  and 
Henley,  and  have  taken  from  them  the  letters  of  reprisal.  His 
Lordship  has  written  to  them  to  stay  in  those  parts  till  the  Whelp 
and  pinnace  come  to  them,  and  has  sent  them  a  copy  of  the  in- 
structions received  from  you.  You  will  shortly  receive  a  warrant 
to  transport  the  Chevalier  St.  Ravy  and  Mr.  Henry  Germain 
[Jermyn]  to  Dieppe.  Marquis  Hamilton  is  come,  and  is  going 
again ;  things  go  amiss.  The  Scots  are  as  obstinate  as  ever.  The 
moi-tality  decreases  not ;  the  country  is  worse  than  the  city.  Since 
the  death  of  Mr.  Edisbury,  Mr.  Ackworth,  storekeeper  of  Woolwich, 
is  dead.  This  day  the  Duchess  of  Buckingham  leaves  London  for 
Ireland,  Capt.  Kettleby  having  warrant  to  carry  her  and  lier  husband 
over.     [2  J  pp.] 

16.  Chandler's  bill,  July  23rd  to  this  day,  U.  4s.  Qd.  Oats  2s. 
to  2s.  3d.,  and  beans  4s.  to  5s.,  per  bushel.     [J  p.] 

Warrant  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  to  order  John  Hooker,  justice  of 
peace  for  Westminster,  to  pay  to  Olive  Reston,  a  poor  woman,  401. 
out  of  money  belonging  to  Thomas  Leake,  a  Romish  priest,  who  was 
burnt  in  his  lodging  in  Queen  Street,  the  like  sum  being  owing  to 
her  by  Leake  by  bond.     By  order  of  Council.     [Docquet^ 

17.  Frances  Dowager  Duchess  of  Richmond  and  Lenox  to  Sec. 
Windebank.  The  King  has  written  many  letters  to  the  Emperor 
of  Russia  in  behalf  of  Capt.  Thomas  Chamberlain,  for  recovery  of  his 
entertainment  for  service  in  those  parts.  Two  years  since  the 
King  wrote  to  the  Emperor  and  the  Patriarch  that  Capt.  Chamber- 
lain might  in  Jieu  of  his  debt  have  leave  to  transport  out  of  Russia, 
for  ready  money,  100,000  quarters  of  wheat,  which  leave  is  granted, 
as  my  cousin  George  Rodney  will  shew  you.  Rodney  having  a 
great  desire  to  travel  to  see  these  countries,  desires  to  be  recom- 
mended by  the  King  in  his  negotiation.  I  would  entreat  you, 
therefore,  to  procure  his  letters  immediately  to  be  signed.  "  My 
father  of  London  will  thank  you  in  my  behalf."  [^Seals  with  crests. 
I  p.] 

18.  Sir  William  Belasy,  sheriff  of  co.  Durham,  to  Nicholas.  Accounts 
for  his  long  silence  as  to  the  ship-mone}""  by  distresses  taken  and  suits 
by  the  refusers  to  pay  brought  at  York,  where,  saving  the  delay,  they 
have  got  no  great  encouragement.  Upon  like  occasion,  some  brought 
suit  in  the  Court  of  Pleas  at  Durham,  and  considering  the  Lords'  letters 
made  provision  only  for  suits  commenced  at  Westminster,  the  writer 
acquainted  Judge  Berkeley  therewith,  who  has  wrought  so  good 
effect  that  the  writer  hopes  many  will  pay  who  otherwise  would 
have  stood  out.  And  lastly,  the  coal  owners  refuse  to  pay  their 
assessments,  but  wiU  the  officers  to  distrain  their  coals,  which  is  a 
difficult  business,  because  the  writer  does  not  know  how  to  make  sale 
of  them,  they  being  vented  by  the  Tyne  through  the  port  of  Newcastle, 
except  by  assistance  of  the  mayor.    Desires  a  letter  to  the  mayor 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1538,  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

to  stay  coals  distrained  when  they  come  into  the  port,  and  not  suffer 
them  to  be  vented.     [  I  p.] 

Sept.  6.  19.  Certificate  of  Eoger  Booth  and  Samuel  Linell,  constables  of 
Kettering,  eo.  Northampton.  They  went  with  William  Drewry  and 
William  Carter,  collectors  of  ship-money,  to  the  house  of  Francis 
Sawyer,  of  whom  they  demanded  16s.  Id.,  and  upon  nonpayment 
distrained  a  horse.  Sawyer,  his  wife,  two  men,  and  a  maidservant 
came  to  the  rescue  of  the  animal  distrained,  and  Drewry  and  Carter 
were  violently  assaulted,  and  together  with  Booth  and  Linell  were 
driven  off  the  premises.     [I  p.] 

Sept.  7.  20.  Henry  Jermyn  to  Sir  John  Pennington.     Sends  warrant  from 

London.  the  Lord  Admiral,  affording  to  Sir  William  St.  Ravy  and  the  writer  a 
passage  in  one  of  the  King's  ships.  Prays  Sir  John  that  it  may  fall 
down  to  Rye,  where  they  will  be  on  Tuesday  night.     [1  p.J 

Sept.  7.  21 .  William  Dell  to  [Sir  John  Lambe].     Think  not  I  neglect  you, 

Croydon,  though  at  every  turn  you  abuse  me.  Your  letters  never  come  till 
Thursday,  which  day  your  carrier  goes  out  of  town,  so  that  it  is  im- 
possible to  answer  the  same  week.  Neither  Mr.  Lane  nor  his  clerk 
came  to  my  Lord,  but  it  is  all  one,  for  his  Majesty  hath  bestowed 
the  living  upon  Mr.  Levingston,  a  Scotchman,  but  one  who  never 
swore  the  covenant.  He  has  been  long  time  chaplain  to  the  Duke 
of  Lenox,  and  had  a  grant  of  his  Majesty's  title  to  a  benefice  in 
Norfolk,  which  he  prosecuted  at  his  own  charge  a  good  while,  but 
the  Earl  of  Arundel's  title  carried  it.  I  hope  you  will  find  him  a 
very  honest  man,  and  heartily  wish  there  were  no  worse  in  Scotland, 
His  Grace  [Archbishop  Laud]  desires  you  to  perfect  the  list  of  the 
clergy's  arms,  and  offer  it  to  the  Lord  Lieutenant,  in  the  assessing 
whereof  he  doubts  not  of  your  care  and  moderation.  For  your 
tympany,  I  have  nothing  to  say  but  that  his  Grace  refers  you  to 
your  man-midwife  you  mention,  and  if  you  are  weary  of  your  trouble- 
some swimming  like  an  elephant,  you  may  wade  like  yourself;  it  is 
but  following  the  counsel  once  given  "  to  Renard  "  in  the  like  case. 
P.S. — The  Queen  of  France  for  certain  is  brought  to  bed  of  a  dolphin, 
a  strange  thing,  yet  I  wish  your  " grossesse"  as  good  success.  You 
need  not  doubt  of  my  thinking  of  a  new  wife  in  haste ;  I  rather 
think  of  my  winding  sheet  this  sickly  time,  or  of  joining  myself  to 
your  friend  Dr.  Barkham,  who,  good  man,  valedixit  seculo,  and  is 
lately  turned  hermit  in  Norwood,  not  far  off.     [1  p,] 

Sept.  7.  22.  Report,  attributed  in  the  endorsement  to  L.C.  and  E.M.,  who 

Newcastle-upon- had  been  required  to  peruse  certain  extracts  and  other  particulars 
^"®'  delivered  by  the  Merchant  Adventurers  of  London  to  the  Merchant 
Adventurers  of  Newcastle,  and  to  report  as  to  the  information  therein 
contained  upon  a  point  long  in  dispute  between  the  two  companies,  as 
to  whether  the  sum  of  8Z.,  annually  paid  by  those  of  Newcastle  to  those 
of  London,  freed  those  of  Newcastle  from  other  ordinary  payments. 
The  paper  contains  information  respecting  various  extraordinary 
payments  to  which  all  members  of  the  company  were  assessed  "  by 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


,.,„  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

the  poll";  ex.  gr.  for  the  triumph  made  by  the  company  in  1537, 
for  the  hearty  joy  which  they  then  conceived  on  the  birth  of  Prince 
Edward ;  in  1539  there  was  similar  assessment  for  the  entertainment 
of  the  Lady's  Grace  of  Cleves,  in  the  English  house  of  Antwerp, 
whom  King  Henrj''  VIII.  was  pleased  to  take  as  his  spouse  and  wife ; 
and  in  1547  there  was  also  a  triumph  on  the  entry  of  the  Prince  of 
Spain  into  Antwerp.  The  paper  deals  with  the  history  of  these  two 
branches  of  the  Merchants  Adventurers  Company,  with  respect  to 
these  payments  from  1519  downwards.     [2^  pp.J 

Sept.  8.  23.  Algernon  Earl  of  Northumberland  and  Sir  John  Bankes  to 
the  King.  Eeport  upon  a  reference  on  the  1st  April  last  of  a  peti- 
tion of  the  Master  and  others  of  the  Trinity  House  for  relief  to  be 
raised  for  maimed  seamen  in  merchandising  voyages.  We  conceive 
it  requisite  for  relief  of  seamen  maimed  and  for  poor  women  who 
have  their  husbands  kiUed  or  lost  in  merchandizing  voyages,  and 
for  poor  shipwrecked  men,  that  every  owner  and  master  of  any 
ship  trading  out  of  the  Thames  (except  the  East  Indiamen,  who 
have  a  provision,)  may,  at  their  return  home,  collect  and  receive  out 
of  their  wages,  from  the  master  12d.  per  month,  from  the  masters' 
mates,  gunners,  boatswain,  carpenter,  chirurgeon,  and  purser  6d. 
per  month,  and  from  the  seamen  4c^.  per  month  ;  also  for  all  ships 
trading  to  Newcastle  and  along  the  coast  12d.  out  of  the  master's 
wages  and  6d.  out  of  those  of  the  seamen  for  every  voyage.  The 
money  to  be  brought  into  the  Trinity  House,  there  to^  be  kept  and 
appropriated  in  manner  herein  set  forth.     [4  pp."] 

Sept.  8.         24.  Copy  of  the  preceding.     [2^  pp.] 

Sept.  8.  25.  Draft  entry  of  appearance  of  Henry  Aylet  of  Aythorp 
Eoothing,  and  Thomas  Wood  of  Abbots  Eoothing,  Essex,  sent  for  by 
warrant ;  to  remain  in  the  messenger's  custody  until  discharged. 

Sept.  8.  26.  Peter  Eicaut  to  Nicholas.  According  to  the  Lords'  order  of 
February  16th,  made  in  behalf  of  the  adventurers  in  the  fishing  of 
the  Earl  Marshal's  Association,  for  making  payment  of  the  sums 
due  upon  "a  leviation,"  I  desire  warrants  to  bring  the  under- 
mentioned persons  before  the  Lords,  to  answer  for  their  neglect. 
The  persons  mentioned  are  Edward  Lord  Vaux  of  Harrowdegi,  Sir 
Anthony  Irby,  and  nine  others,     [f  p.] 

Sept.  8.  27.  Account  by  Sir  William  Eussell  of  ship-money  for  1637. 
Total  received  125,81 61.  19s.  Id.,  unpaid  70,597^.  8s.  7d.    [=2  pp.] 

Sept.  8.  28.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637  levied  but  remaining  in  the 
hands  of  the  sheriffs,  being  4,744?.,  making,  with  the  sum  paid  to 
Sir  William  Eussell,  the  total  collected  130,560?.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  8.  29.  Certificate  of  Thomas  Atkin  and  Edward  Eudge,  sheriffs  of 
Middlesex,  that  certain  collectors  of  ship-money  were  very  negligent 
in  the  collection,  wherebj-  610?.  lOs.  remained  unpaid,  with  the 
amount  owing  from  each  parish.     [3  pp.] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 
Sept.  8. 
Office  of 
Ordnance. 


Sept.  8. 


Sept.  9. 

Oatlands. 


Sept.  9. 

Oatlands. 


Sept.  9. 

Oatlands. 


Sept.  9. 
Sept.  9. 


Sept.  9. 
Oatlands. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

30.  Officers  of  Ordnance  to  the  Council.  Certify  the  number  of 
serviceable  arms  for  horse  and  foot  in  store  in  the  Tower.  The 
munition  and  artillery  designed  for  Hull  are  already  embarked,  and 
the  six  pieces  of  artillery  to  be  provided  upon  the  second  order  will 
be  ready  before  Tuesday  night.  They  have  proportioned  a 
horse  for  the  draught  of  every  300  cwt.  of  ordnance  and  carriages, 
which  will  require  140  horses,  besides  27  more  for  spare  and  block 
carriages,  in  all  167  horses.     [1 J  j5.] 

31.  Certificate  of  William  Drewry  and  William  Carter,  bailiffs  of 
the  sheriff  of  co.  Northampton.  State  the  particulars  of  the 
assault  committed  upon  them  by  Francis  Sawyer,  his  wife  and  his 
servants,  whilst  distraining  for  the  ship-money,  as  already  certified  by 
Roger  Booth  and  Samuel  Linell.  Underwritten  are  also  examina- 
tions of  Drewry  and  Carter,  taken  one  on  the  12th  and  the  other  on 
the  13th  October  1638.     [1 J  p.} 

32.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Being  put  in  mind  by  the 
Lord  High  Admiral  of  the  great  destruction  of  timber  in  all  parts  of 
the  kingdom,  and  that  no  care  is  taken  to  preserve  the  same,  it  was 
ordered  that  the  Lord  Keeper  give  strict  command  to  the  Judges  of 
Assize  to  see  that  the  laws  made  for  preservation  of  timber  be  put 
in  execution.     [^Draft.     f  p.] 

33.  The  Council  to  the  Bailiffs  of  Shrewsbury.  By  your  letter  of 
25th  of  August  you  advertise  that  of  the  376?.  charged  upon  that 
town  for  ship-money  you  have  given  order  to  pay  only  156?.,  so  as 
there  is  in  arrear  220?.  His  Majesty  takes  so  ill  your  negligence  in 
this  service,  that  unless  you  pay  in  the  arrear  by  the  beginning  of 
Michaelmas  term  you  are  to  attend  his  Majesty  and  this  board  on 
the  20th  of  October,  to  answer  your  neglect.  You  may  not  excuse 
yourselves  by  laying  blame  on  the  collectors,  for  upon  due  com- 
plaint we  shall  be  ready  to  punish  them.  Yourselves  must  appear 
in  person  more  active,  and  by  your  forwardness  give  example  to 
the  officers  employed  by  you.     {Draft.     1  p.] 

34.  The  same  to  the  Mayor  of  Hastings.  80?.,  parcel  of  the 
230?.  ship-money  assessed  upon  that  port  and  members,  yet  re- 
mains unpaid.  You  are  to  pay  in  all  arrears  before  the  29th 
September,  or  at  that  day  attend  the  board  to  answer  your  neglect. 
[Draft,     ip.-} 

35.  Minute  of  pass  from  the  Council  for  William  Worthington 
to  travel  for  three  years,  with  proviso  not  to  repair  to  Rome. 
[Draft,     ip.} 

36.  Another  copy  thereof,  with  underwritten  memorandum,  that 
by  Henry  Kyme,  messenger,  40s.  has  been  sent  for  Mr.  Nicholas  for 
this  pass,  and  10s.  for  his  clerks.     [Draft,     f  p.} 

37.  Order  of  Council.  Upon  return  by  the  mayor  of  St.  Alban's 
of  persons  under  named,  who  refuse  to  pay  ship-money,  and  have  no 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1. 


1638. 


Sept.  9. 

Oatlands. 


Sept.  9. 


Sept.  9. 


Sept.  9. 


Sept.  9. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

goods  by  -which  they  may  be  distrained,  it  is  ordered,  that  the  mayor 
shall  employ  some  officer  to  repair  to  their  abodes,  and  demand  pay- 
ment, and  ia  default  the  mayor  is  to  bind  them  over  to  answer  at 
the  board  on  the  22nd  of  September,  and  if  any  refixse  to  give  bond 
the  mayor  to  certify  their  names.     [Braft.     1  p.] 

38.  Order  of  Council.  The  sheriff  of  co.  Hertford  to  assist  the 
mayor  of  Hertford  in  levying  ship-money  on  certain  persons  living 
without  the  liberties  of  the  said  borough.  If  the  persons  named 
deny  payment,  the  sheriff  is  to  bind  them  over  to  answer  at  the 
Council  Board  on  the  23rd  of  this  month,  and  if  any  refuse  to 
give  bond  he  is  to  certify  their  names.     [^Draft.     1  p."] 

39.  The  Council  to  Edmond  Davenport,  messenger.  To  bring  Tip 
Thomas  Puttock,  John  Hill,  William  Edinbras  of  Hayes,  Thomas 
Wigg,  William  Atley,  and  Matthew  Nicholas  of  Hillingdon,  Mid- 
dlesex, collectors  [of  ship-money].     [Draft.     Minute.     ^  p.\ 

The  like  to  Thomas  [Waterworth],  messenger.  To  bring  up 
Thomas  Walter  and  John  Elkin  of  Harrow-on-the-Hil],  Jonah  Hunt, 
and  John  Lisle  of  Paddington,  Francis  Hamond,  Richard  Nicholas, 
and  John  Hatch,  of  Pinner,  Middlesex,  collectors  [of  ship-money]. 
[The  like.     Written  on  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding.    3  lin^es^ 

The  like  to  Henry  Kyme,  messenger.  To  bring  up  Roger 
Best,  Henry  Herbert  [Sherbert  ?],  of  Bedfont,  Samuel  W[aller],  Luke 
Ivory,  and  Robert  Maynard  of  Ealing,  and  Richard  Cutler  of  Finchley, 
Middlesex.     \The  like.     3  lines?^ 


The  like  to  Hugh  Peachy,  messenger.  To  bring  up  William 
Nicholls  and  William  Roming  of  Greenford  and  Perivale,  W.  Pulbery, 
Robert  Rooke  of  Ratcliff,  Thomas  Taylor,  and  John  Bugberd  of 
Stanmore  Magna,  and  Thomas  Harrison  of  South  Mimms,  Middlesex, 
collectors  [of  ship-money].     [The  like.    4  lines.'\ 

Sept.  9.         The  like  to  George  Carter,  messenger. .    To   bring  up  Thomas 
Goare  and  William  Cheeke  of  Thames  Ditton.     [The  like.     2  linesi] 

Sept.  9.         The  like  to   the   same.      To  bring  up   William   Bakehowse   of 
Puttenham,  Surrey.     [The  like.     2  lines.^ 

Sept.  9.  40.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Recites  petition  of  the  Trinity 
Oatlands.  House  and  others  that  some  settled  course  be  taken  for  relief  of 
seamen  maimed,  and  for  the  widows  of  such  as  shall  be  killed  or  lost 
in  merchandizing  voyages,  and  for  poor  shipwrecked  men,  with  the 
reference  thereof  on  the  1st  April  last,  and  the  certificate  there- 
upon of  the  Lord  High  Admiral  and  the  Attorney-General,  calen- 
dared under  date  of  the  8th  inst..  No.  23.  Which  certificate 
being  approved,  was  ordered  to  be  put  in  execution,  and  the 
Attorney-General  was  required  to  draw  up  a  proclamation  in  that 
behalf.     [Draft.     1  jp.] 

Sept.  9.        Copy  thereof,     [See  Miscellaneous.     Vol.  xxi.,  p.  625.    4^  pp."] 


DOMESTIC-— CHARLES  I.  9 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIIL 


[Sept.  9  ?]  41.  Consent,  signed  by  Capt.  "William  Rainsborougb,  and  various 
other  sea-fearing  men,  to  the  number  of  155,  to  tlie  payments  re- 
commended by  the  Lord  High  Admiral  and  the  Attorney-General, 
to  be  made  out  of  their  Avages,  for  the  establishment  of  the  Poor 
Seamen's  ll\ind,  to  be  administered  by  the  ofEcers  of  the  Trinity 
House.     \_SMn  of  parchment.'] 

Sept.  9.  42.  Draft  minute  for  entry  on  the  Council  register  of  appearance 
of  Nathaniel  Fox  and  Edward  Ellis,  sent  for  by  warrant  at  the  com- 
plaint of  the  company  of  starchmakers.  They  are  to  remain  in 
custody  of  the  messenger  until  discharged.     \_^  p.] 

Sept.  9.  The  like  of  William  Taylor  of  Windsor,  sent  for  by  warrant,  but 
on  promise  of  conformity,  and  paying  the  ship-money,  discharged. 
[^¥r^tten  on  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding,     i  p.} 

Sept.  9.  43.  The  Council  of  War  to  Sir  Robert  Pye.  To  draw  order,  by 
virtue  of  privy-  seal  of  26th  July  last,  for  issuing  to  Sir  JohnHeydon, 
Lieutenant  of  the  Ordnance,  300?.  upon  account.     l_Draft.     ^  p.] 

Sept.  9.         Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  5.     |  p.] 

Sept.  10.  44.  The  Council  to  Edward  Stockdell,  messenger.  To  bring  up 
Nicholas  Compton,  postmaster  of  Shaston,  Dorset.    [Braft.   Minute. 

Sept.  10.  45.  Rough  note  book  by  Nicholas  of  proceedings  of  the  Council  of 
War  at  their  meetings  held  on  this  day,  and  on  the  16  th,  17th,  and 
24th  inst.,  the  20th  November,  and  0th  and  13th  December  1638, 
and  12th  and  14th  Jan.  1638-9.     [64  pp.,  oftddch  21  are  blank'] 

Sept.  10.  46.  Minutes  of  proceedings  of  the  Council  of  War  at  their  meeting 
Oailands.  this  day.  Arms  for  12,000  foot  and  400  horse  to  be  provided  ; 
1,500  arms  and  500  calivers,  with  powder  and  munition,  to  be  sent 
to  Newcastle,  and  instructions  to  be  given  by  the  Council  to  the 
mayor  and  the  storekeeper  respecting  the  sale  thereof  Similar 
instructions  to  be  given  to  the  mayor  of  Hull  and  the  storekeeper 
there  for  wbat  shall  be  sent  to  Hull.  None  to  buy  munition  but 
such  as  bring  certificate  from  a  deputy  lieutenant  of  Northumber- 
land. List  of  the  arms  and  munition  sent  to  Newcastle  to  be  for- 
warded to  Lord  Clifibrd.  Six  pieces  of  iron  ordnance  to  be  sent  to 
Newcastle.  Mayors  of  Hull  and  Newcastle  to  be  responsible  for 
ordnance  sent  to  those  towns.  The  fort  of  Tynemouth  to  be  slighted, 
and  a  fort  made  half  a  mile  from  the  same.  Master  of  the 
Ordnance  to  cause  account  to  be  given  how  soon  they  can  make 
ready  arms  sufficient  for  12,000  foot  and  400  horse,  witli  an  estimate. 
Fit  persons  to  go  with  the  arms  to  Hull  and  Newcastle.  Proclama- 
tion to  be  made  to  prohibit  the  exportation  of  horses.  The  Earl 
Marshal  and  Lord  High  Admiral  to  consider  of  reinforcing  the 
garrison  at  Holy  Island,  The  Bishop  of  Durham  to  muster  all  his 
trained  men,  and  to  have  them  in  readiness  to  assist  the  town  of 


10 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 
Sept.  10. 
Sept.  10. 
Sept.  10. 


Vol.  CCCXCVni. 

Newcastle.    The  president  and  council  at  York  to  muster  the  trained 
bands  of  that  county.     [Gopy.     3  pp.] 

Copy  of  the  preceding  as  entered  on  the  book  of  proceedings  of 
the  Council  of  War,  which  differs  in  some  particulars  from  the 
preceding,     \_8ee  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  pp.  5-9.     4;^  pp.] 

47.  Another  copy,  with  marginal  memoranda  of  Nicholas,  written 
some  time  subsequently,  as  to  what  had  been  done  in  the  way  of 
carrying  out  the  several  orders  of  the  Council  of  War.     [2|  pp.J 

48.  Order  of  the  Council  of  War.  The  Officers  of  Ordnance  to 
certify  on  Sunday  next  how  soon  they  can  complete  the  arms  for 
12,000  foot  and  400  horse,  with  an  estimate  of  the  charge.  Six 
pieces  of  iron  ordnance  are  to  be  forthwith  embarked  for  Newcastle. 
[Copy. 


Sept.  10. 

Sept.  10. 

Sept.  10. 
Oatlands. 


Sept.  10. 

Oatlands. 


Sspt.  10. 

Kelmarsh. 


hP-l 


Another  copy.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  9.     J  p."] 

49.  Draft  of  the  same,     [f  ^.J 

50.  Order  of  Council.  The  Lords,  by  his  Majesty's  command, 
heard  Sir  John  Heydon,  Lieutenant  of  the  Ordnance,  and 
Mr.  Wemys,  master  gunner  of  England,  concerning  a  dwelling 
house  and  the  artillery  garden,  where  his  Majesty's  feed  gunners 
and  others  practise  to  discharge  ordnance.  It  appeared  that 
the  custody  of  the  said  garden  is  granted  by  letters  patent  to  tlie 
Lieutenant  of  the  Ordnance,  notwithstanding  it  was  testified  by 
several  ancient  men  that  the  said  house  and  ground  have  for  many 
years  been  enjoyed  by  the  master  gunners  of  England.  The  Lords 
referred  the  point  of  right  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cotting- 
ton,  who  are  to  call  the  Attorney  General,  and  to  certify  his  Majesty. 
In  the  meantime  Sir  John  Heydon  promised  to  deliver  possession  to 
Mr.  Wemys,  as  in  obedience  to  his  Majesty's  coromand,  reserving 
still  his  right.     [I)7'aft.     1  p.] 

The  like  of  a  Committee  of  the  Council.  Upon  consideration  of  the 
proposition  of  Mr.  Wemys,  master  gunner  of  EnglaBd,  referred  to 
them  by  the  King,  it  was  ordered  that  Mr.  Wemys  should  make 
some  practice  of  his  proposition  before  the  Master  and  officers  of 
the  Ordnance,  and  such  others  as  the  master  should  summon,  his 
Lordship  being  prayed  upon  experience  and  practice  thereof  to 
make  report  of  the  same  to  this  committee.  [  Written  upon  the  back 
of  the  preceding  paper.    Draft,     f  p.] 

51.  Sir  John  Hanbury,  Sheriff  of  co.  Northampton,  to  Henry 
Earl  of  Manchester.  Sets  forth  certain  reasons  why  he  has  not  been 
able  to  do  his  Majesty  the  service  he  bu,d  desired  in  reference  to  the 
ship-money.  The  reasons  were :  sickness  or  himself  and  his  servants ; 
poverty  of  the  country  by  very  great  want  of  corn ;  the  plague 
being  so  great  and  so  long  in  Northampton,  the  Qountry  atUl  allow- 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  11 


lg38_  Vol,  CCCXCVIII. 

ing  148?.  a  week  for  relief  of  their  sick  ;  the  judges' arguments  so 
long  depending  gave  occasion  to  delay  the  payments ;  and  the  manner 
of  the  tax  laid  upon  the  country  the  last  year  by  Sir  Robert  Banister, 
by  way  of  provision,  had  been  a  great  hindrance.  He  had  received 
about  2,0001.,  besides  the  sums  payable  by  the  corporations,  which 
was  near  5001.  Proceeds  as  roundly  with  them  as  he  can,  having 
distrained  the  goods  of  about  200  men,  and  imprisoned  some  ;  but 
the  prison  being  in  Northampton,  where  scarce  any  man  dare  adven- 
ture for  fear  of  the  infection,  has  also  been  a  great  hindrance  to  the 
service.  The  sergeant-at-arms  came  to  him  a  month  since,  and  has 
been  with  him  at  divers  towns,  so  that  it  is  taken  notice  of  through 
the  country,  and  he  hopes  will  quicken  them  to  make  payment. 

Sept.  11.  52.  Sir  Henry  Vane  to  [Lord  Treasurer  Juxon].  This  last  night, 
Oatlands.  when  his  Majesty  was  going  to  bed,  he  sent  for  me,  and  commanded 
me  to  signify  to  you  that  you  should  cause  to  be  delivered  to 
Mons.  St.  Ravy  3001.  for  his  journey  into  France.  He  is  to  bring 
over  more  deer,  which  is  an  aflFair  which  wiU  neither  admit  delay 
nor  dispute.  I  shall,  this  day,  at  my  coming  to  Bagshot,  cause 
Mr.  Secretary  to  give  warrant  for  a  Privy  Seal  for  the  same,  but 
his  Majesty  would  not  have  him  stay  for  that,  but  that  you  should 
cause  the  money  to  be  paid  him  to-morrow,  for  that  his  Majesty  has 
commanded  him  to  use  diligence.  Your  Lordship  knows  the  business 
imports  much.     [Seal  with  avTus.     1  p.] 

Sept.  11.  53.  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  to  Sir  Robert  Pye.  His  Majesty's 
servant.  Sir  William  St.  Ravy,  is  immediately  to  transport  himself 
into  France,  and  is  to  be  sooner  furnished  with  3001.  than  a  Privy 
Seal  can  be  obtained.  You  are  to  cause  instant  payment  of  the  same, 
taking  his  acquittance.     Underwritten, 

53. 1.  Request  \hy  Sir  Robert  Fye]  to  pay  3001.  upon  this  warrant. 

Sept.  11.        54.  Sir  John  Pennington  to  Capt.  John  Mennes,  Captain  of  the 

The  St.  Andrew  Nonsuch.     By  order  of  the  Lord  Admiral,  you  are  to  carry  in  your 

in  the  Downs,  gj^jp  f^j.  Chatham,  and  at  Queenborough  to  give  notice  to  the  Officers 

of  the  Navy  that  a  timely  provision  may  be  made  for  paying  off 

your  men.     \_Seal  with  arms,     f  p.'] 

Sept.  11.  55.  Charles  Calthorpe  to  Edward  Caxton.  Letter  principally  on 
Edinburgh,  mercantile  affairs.  It  is  reported  the  Marquis  [of  Hamilton]  will  be 
here  Friday  or  Saturday  next ;  however,  upon  Sunday  last  a  fast 
was  bidden  in  the  Kirk  for  the  next  Sunday  to  be  kept,  and  that  for 
these  reasons,  that  God  would  order  and  divert  the  heart  of  the  King 
for  settling  of  the  business  in  hand  ;  2ndly,  that  God  would  assist 
and  direct  in  the  choosing  of  able,  honest,  grave,  and  wise  men  for 
the  General  Assembly  ;  Srdly,  the  third  end  was  for  removing  their 
sins,  the  cause  of  the  non-settling.  So  that  here  it  is  gathered  tha 
suddenly  there  will  be  a  General  Assembly,  I  can  say  this.  Here 
is  good,  plain,  and  honest  preaching,  but  (I  wish  it  were  not  so) 


12 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

very  little  practice,  so  far  as  I  can  see.  Whether  the  Marquis  cornea 
or  no,  there  will  be  an  assembly,  and  till  this  business  be  settled  few 
or  none  can  or  will  pay  any  money.     [1  jo.] 

5G.  Deputy  Lieutenants  of  the  Forest  Division  of  co.  Berks  to 
Henry  Earl  of  Holland,  Lord  Lieutenant.  Certify  names  of  14)  per- 
sons defective  in  arms,  or  who  refuse  to  appear  at  musters.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  13.        57.  Receipt  of  Sir  "William  de  St.  Ravy  for  300^.     [^  p.] 


lf).S8. 


Sept.  12. 


Sept.  13. 

Office  of 
Ordnance. 


Sept.  13. 

Office  of 
Ordnance. 


Sept.  13. 


Sept.  13. 


Sept.  13. 

Sept.  13. 
Sept.  14. 


Sept.  14. 

gtaindrop. 


.58.  Proportion  of  Ordnance  and  ammunition  delivered  out  of  the 
office  of  Ordnance,  and  sent  to  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  by  order  of 
the  Earl  of  Newport,  according  to  instructions  prescribed  to  him  by 
a  committee  of  the  Lords,  dated  at  Oatlands,  10th  September  1638. 
[Cojjy.     1  p.] 

59.  Estimate  for  carriages,  powder,  and  munition  to  be  delivered 
to  the  Duke  of  Lenox,  by  virtue  of  two  several  warrants  dated 
19th  July  and  10th  September  1638  ;  out  of  stores,  856?.  18s.  Id.; 
emptions,  391?.  18s.  Sd.     Total,  1,248?.  16s.  4d     [2i  pp.} 

60.  Duplicate  of  the  preceding,  but  signed  by  other  Officers  of 
the  Ordnance.     [2  pp.} 

61.  Regulations  suggested  by  the  Officers  of  Ordnance  for  the 
proper  care  and  disposition  of  the  provisions  ordered  to  be  issued 
out  of  his  Majesty's  magazine,  and  transported  to  Hull  and  New- 
castle, so  that  his  Majesty  may  have  a  particular  and  due  account  of 
the  disposal  thereof     [2  pp.} 

62.  Copy  of  the  same,  with  various  alterations  made  therein, 
which  were  ultimately  incorporated  in  the  preceding.  [Stated  to 
have  been  left  with  the  Lord  Treasurer  on  the  IMh  inst.     2  pp.] 

63.  First  rough  di-aft  of  the  same.     [  =  2^  p2J.] 

64.  Petition  of  Edmond  Probj^,  D.D.,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  The 
King  referred  to  you  the  petition  of  Theophilus  Webb,  who  had  a 
patent  for  the  hospital  of  St.  Mary  Magdalen  near  Bath,  who  peti- 
tioned the  King  to  grant  the  mastership  of  the  said  hospital  to 
petitioner.  Petitioner  presenting  himself,  you  enquired  how  the 
poor  should  have  better  relief  than  formerly  ?  Petitioner  assures  you 
in  verba  sacerdotis  that  he  will,  as  estates  fall  in,  double  their  j'early 
revenues,  and  give  them  part  of  the  profits  arising  to  the  present 
master,  and,  until  estates  fall  in,  petitioner  will  give  them  a  yearly 
contribution  out  of  his  own  means,  and  will  labour  to  do  them  aJl 
the  good  he  can.     If  you  think  petitioner  worthy  of  that  place  he 


will  acknowledge  your  favour  therein. 


[^2  p.] 


65.  Nathaniel  Ward  to  Sir  Henry  Vane.  Your  letter,  sent  by 
John  Edwards,  sufficiently  secured  me  that  the  unkind  dealing  I 
found  was  without  your  direction,  and  that  the  great  rates  of  the 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  13 


1538  Vol.  CCCXCVin. 

tithes  confirmed  on  this  vicarage  was  by  others  suggestion.  Truth 
is,  that  he  who  delivered  the  indenture  to  me,  so  immediately  before 
his  departure  hence,  would  in  no  wise  satisfy  me  concerning  either 
the  value  imposed  on  the  particular  townships,  or  concerning  any 
intention  of  yours  to  make  good  any  way  what  should  fall  short  of 
my  expected  salary,  but  he  thrust  that  writing  into  my  hand  as  the 
pledge  of  all  I  should  look  for.  I  have  since  read  the  paper  left 
with  your  son,  and  had  I  been  acquainted  with  half  so  much  it  had 
in  a  great  measure  satisfied  my  mind.  Yet  I  beg  that  the  value  set 
upon  the  things  which  you  have  conferred  upon  this  vicarage  may 
not  pass  as  your  enemies  and  mine  have  rated  them,  but  may  be 
reviewed  by  indifierent  men.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  14.  66.  John  Cutteris  to  Richard  Harvey.  I  thank  you  for  the  care 
you  took  to  get  me  my  money  of  my  cousin  Westcot.  I  intend  to 
take  a  course  with  him  that  shall  not  be  for  his  credit.  We  have 
done  harvest,  and  ended  our  corn  as  dry  and  well  as  corn  can  be. 
Pray  learn  of  my  master  [Endymion  Porter]  whether  he  intends  to 
let  his  land  or  keep  it  in  his  own  hands,  for  now  is  the  time  to  con- 
sider of  it.     [2  pp.'] 

Sept.  I*.        67.  Estimate  for  arms  both  for  horse  and  foot  wanting  iu  the 
Office  of      stores  of  the  Ordnance  Ofiice  and  armoury,  for  completing  12,000 
Ordnance.     ^^^^  ^^^  ^qq  j^Qpgg^  prepared  by  warrant  of  the  Council  of  War  of 
10th  September.     Total,  8,S35Z. 

Sept.  14        68.  Duplicate  thereof.     [2  pp.] 

Sept.  14.  69.  Copy  of  the  same  without  signatures,  but  with  an  additional 
statement  of  the  stores  already  brought  in  upon  the  said  estijnate, 
and  those  yet  remaining  to  be  brought  in.     [3  jjp.] 

Sept.  14.  70.  Statement  of  the  time  within  which,  after  money  issued,  the 
artificers  would  undertake  to  make  ready  the  stores  wanting  in  the 
Office  of  Ordnance  for  completing  12,000  foot  and  400  horse.  [1^  p.] 

Sept.  i|.        71.  Christopher    Windebank    to    his    father    Sec.    "Windebank. 

Florence.  Thanks  for  his  fatherly  care  in  furnishing  him  with  monies,  which 
by  reason  of  sickness,  not  altogether  yet  shaken  ofi",  he  extremely 
wanted.  Promises  to  endeavour  to  obtain  that  language.  Has 
lived  a  month  at  Sienna,  forced  bj'  a  tertian  ague.  There  is  neither 
the  commodity  of  a  master  of  the  language,  nor  any  lodging  place 
free  from  that  of  the  Dutch,  which  is  spoken  as  commonly  as  in 
Germany,  besides,  their  unruly  behaviour  is  as  great  as  their 
privileges.  This  is  the  cause  of  his  living  in  Florence,  where,  though 
somewhat  dearer,  he  finds  greater  accommodation.  "  Your  favours 
to  me  give  me  hopes  that  you  wiU  be  pleased  to  pardon  my  error 
in  taking  a  wife  without  your  notice,  since  it  has  pleased  God  it 
should  be  so."     [2  pp.] 

Sept.  [15 1]      Council  of  War  to  Sir  Robert  Pye.     To  draw  order  for  issuing  to 
Sir  John  Heydon,  Lieutenant  of  the  Ordnance,  8,S35i.  for  arms 


li 


14  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


-,  ggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

wanting  to  make  complete  12,000  foot  and  400  horse,  according  to 
estimate  of  ]  4th  September.    [Copy.    See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  10.    |  p.] 

Sept.  [15  ?J      Draft  of  the  same.     [_8ee  this  present  Vol.  No.  43.    ^  p.'\ 

Sept.  [15  ?]      The  like  for  issuing  to  Sir  John  Heydon  129Z.  18s.,  for  repairing 
the  fort  at  Holy  Island.     {Copy.    Bee  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  11     -^p.] 

Sept.  [15  ?]      Draft  of  the  same.     \See  this  present  Vol,  No.  43.     ^  p.] 

Sept.  15.  72.  Petition  of  Robert  Maynard,  Samuel  Waller,  and  Luke  Ivory, 
collectors  of  ship-money  in  the  parish  of  Ealing  alias  Zealing,  Mid- 
dlesex, to  the  Council.  Petitioners  have  been  diligent  and  careful 
in  this  service,  in  their  own  persons  and  with  the  bailiff_  in  distrain- 
ing, and  yet  cannot  collect  the  same,  for  the  Earl  of  Argyle  is 
assessed  51.,  and  the  Earl  of  "  Apricorne  "  [Abercorn  ?]  50s.,  besides 
other  landholders,  many  of  whom  are  named,  upon  whom  the  bailiff 
can  levy  no  distress.  Besides  many  inhabitants  are  gone  away  by 
reason  of  taxation,  especially  to  the  poor,  whose  number  amounts  to 
150.     Some  distresses  remain  in  hand  unsold.     [fj5.] 

Sept.  15.  73.  Account  of  Sir  WiUiam  Russell  of  ship-money  for  1637.  Total 
received  129,304?.  19s.  Id. ;  remained  67,109?.  8s.  7d.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  15.  74.  Account  of  sums  collected  and  remaining  in  the  hands  of  the 
several  sheriffs  4,144?.,  which  makes  the  total  collected  133,448?. 
lip.-] 

Sept.  15.  75.  Account  by  Sir  John  Lambe  of  armour  and  other  warlike 
furniture  to  be  provided  by  the  clergy  of  Leicestershire.  [Certified 
copy.  Underwritten  and  attached  are  memoranda  as  to  the  delivery 
of  this  list  to  various  named  persons.    8^  pp.} 


Sept.  15.  76.  Estimate  of  Officers  of  the  Ordnance  for  twenty  brass  drakes 
Office  of  shooting  3  lb.  bullets,  with  shot  and  munition.  Total  540?.  14s.  4d. 
Ordnance,      fl  tjI 

Sept.  16.  77.  Petition  of  the  poor  fishermen  of  the  Thames  to  the  King. 
Mr.  Warner,  patentee  for  transportation  of  lamperns,  has  of  late  years 
endeavoured  to  undo  petitioners  and  their  families,  consisting  of 
above  1,000  persons,  by  taking  their  living  from  them,  as  by  their 
grievances  hereunto  annexed  may  appear.  In  regard  that  your  poor 
supplicants  have  been  forbidden  to  trouble  the  Lords  any  more  with 
their  unrelieved  oppressions,  pray  his  Majesty  to  hear  their  griev- 
ances, or  to  refer  the  same  to  such  of  the  Lords  as  shall  be  thought 
fit.     [f  p.]    Annexed, 

77.  I.  Articles  above  mentioned.  Warner  was  accused  of  having 
by  cunning  practices  got  the  vjhole  export  trade  into  his 
own  hands,  and  those  of  four  or  five  of  the  ablest  fisJiers 
in  estate,  thereby  depriving  all  others  of  theit'fiormer  share 
in  the  said  trade,     [f  jp.] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  15 


1638.  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

Sept.  16.  78.  Order  of  the  King  iu  Council.  His  Majesty  appoints  Sunday- 
next  the  23rd  instant  to  hear  the  grievances  of  the  fishermen 
against  Nowell  Warner.     [Braft.     \  p.] 

Sept.  16.  79.  The  lilce.  Upon  hearing  the  sheriff  of  Middlesex  and  the 
collectors  of  ship-money,  it  was  ordered  that  the  sheriff  should  ap- 
point bailiffs  to  go  with  the  collectors  to  get  in  the  arrears,  and  that 
the  collectors  upon  Friday  next  are  to  attend  the  sheriff,  to  give  him 
an  account  of  their  proceedings,  and  pay  what  they  have  levied. 
IDraft.     1^.] 

Sept.  16.  80.  The  Council  to  Edward  Lord  Vaux.  Peter  Kicaut,  treasurer  of 
the  Earl  Marshal's  association  for  fishing,  complains  that  you  neglect 
to  make  payment  of  the  sum  agreed  upon  as  a  leviation,  notwith- 
standing the  order  of  16th  February  last.  You  are,  in  his  Majesty's 
name,  once  more  reqiiired  to  pay,  or  to  give  attendance  before  the 
Lords  on  Sunday  the  23rd  September  at  Hampton  Court,  to  show 
cause  for  your  refusal.     [Draft.     \  p.] 

Sept.  16.  The  same  to  Bishop  Morton  of  Durham.  "We  are  to  require  you 
to  give  order  to  your  Deputy  Lieutenants  for  mustering  the  trained 
bands  of  foot  and  horse  in  that  county,  and  upon  any  occasion  to 
draw  near  to  and  reinforce  the  town  of  Newcastle.  \Copy.  See  Vol. 
cccxcvi.  p,  32.     f  jp.] 

Sept.  16.        81.  Draft  of  the  same,     [1  jp.] 

Sept.  16.  82.  The  Council  to  Robert  Earl  of  Monmouth,  captain  of  the 
castle  of  Tynemouth.  To  cause  the  ordnance  carriages  and  furniture 
belonging  to  that  castle  to  be  delivered  to  such  person  as  the  Earl 
of  Newport,  master  of  the  Ordnance,  shall  appoint,  to  be  carried  to 
Newcastle,  or  otherwise  disposed  of,  for  his  Majesty's  service.  [Draft, 
Ip.-] 

Sept.  16.  The  same  to  Thomas  Viscount  Wentworth,  Lord  Lieutenant  of 
CO.  York.  Notwithstanding  letters  sent  from  the  board  in  June  last, 
the  trained  bands  of  that  county  have  not  yet  been  mustered  as  in 
former  years.  We  are  to  require  you,  or  in  your  absence  your 
Deputy  Lieutenants,  presently  to  take  effectual  order  for  mustering 
the  same  as  formerly  directed.  [Draft  written  on  the  same  paper 
as  the  preceding.     1  p.] 

Sept.  1 6.  83.  The  same  to  [blank'],  messenger  of  the  Chamber.  To  repair 
to  the  house  of  widow  Wheatly  in  the  Savoy,  and  take  into  custody 
a  trunk  full  of  papers  which  belonged  to  a  Romish  priest  lately  dead, 
and  to  cause  them  to  be  brought  hither.     [Draft.     ^  p.} 

Sept.  16.  84.  The  same  to  Sir  William  Uvedale,  Treasurer  of  the  Chamber 
Francis  Newton,  messenger,  by  warrant  from  the  board,  has  appre- 
hended divers  priests  and  Jesuits,  whereof  some  be  carried  to  prison, 
and  others  kept  in  his  custody,  and  found  them  meat,  drink,  and 
lodging,  and  amongst  them  a  very  dangerous  person,  one  Morse,  a 


16  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  VO..CCCXCVIIL 

Jesuit,  whom  he  kept  80  days,  and  afterwards  prosecuted  him  at 
Newgate,  where  he  was  found  guilty  of  treason,  for  which  the  Lords 
require  you  to  pay  Newton  200  marks,  in  satisfaction  of  his  dis- 
bursements, as  also  of  his  great  pains  and  service  in  that  employment. 
IBraJFt.     1  p.] 

Sept.  1 6.  85.  The  Council  to  Justices  of  Peace  of  co.  Gloucester.  The  city 
Hampton  Court,  of  Gloucester  being  much  visited  with  plague,  some  of  you  werein 
December  last  importuned  by  the  mayor  to  assist  the  city  with 
relief,  according  to  the  statute  for  18  parishes  in  the  county  within 
five  miles  of  the  city,  with  lU.  a  week  for  six  weeks,  to  which, 
although  willingness  was  expressed,  yet  they  charged  that  part  of 
the  county  but  with  30/!.,  and  of  that  81.  has  not  been  paid,  and  the 
rest  of  you  being  again  at  the  general  sessions  solicited  for  an 
addition,  you  did  not  afford  tliem  any  comfort,  although  there- 
unto authorized  by  the  statute.  His  Majesty  being  made  acquainted 
therewitl),  we  are  to  charge  you  to  give  speedy  order  for  relieving 
the  infected  persons  of  that  city  with  a  contribution  answerable  to 
their  number  and  necessities,  and  to  continue  the  same  so  long  as 
the  contagion  shall  be  there.     [^Draft.     1  p.] 

Sept.  16.        86.  The  same  to  Alexander  Easton,  messenger,  to  bring  before 
Hampton  Court,  the  Lords  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  John  Gibbon,  John  "Webb,   Walter 
Blunt,    Henry  Futter,  John   Chapman,  William   Medley,   William 
Morehead,  and  Gregory  Clement.     [Dro/K.     Minute.     |  p.'] 

Sept.  16.  87.  The  same  to  Iblanlc],  a  messenger.  To  bring  up  Thomas 
Davis  and  John  Langton  of  Maidenhead,  William  Hunt  of  Remen- 
ham,  John  Gooding  of  Wokingham,  and  John  Thackliam  of  Arbor- 
field,  Berks  [defaulters  at  musters].     [Draft.     Minute.     ^  p.] 

Sept.  16.  The  like  for  Richard  How  of  Finchampstead,  Thomas  Winch,  and 
James  Smith  of  Bray,  and  Robert  Salter  of  Cookham,  Berks  [de- 
faulters at  musters].  [Braft.  Written  on  the  sarne  paper  as  the 
preceding.     3  linesi\ 

Sept.  16.  The  like  for  Thomas  Martin  of  Wokingliam,  Thomas  Foot  of 
Lawrence  Waltham,  Abraham  Sharpe  of  Hurley,  Berks  [defaulters 
at  musters].     \Thelilce.    ^  p^ 

Sept.  16.        Close  warrant  for  Sir  Robert  Wood.     [Ibid.     1  Ziiie.] 

Sept.  16.  The  Council  to  Henry  Middleton,  sergeant-at-arms,  to  bring  be- 
fore the  Lords  Francis  Sawyer  of  Kettering,  and  William  Walker, 
chief  constable  of   the  hundred  of  Wymersley,  co.  Northampton. 

[Ihid.    \p:\ 

Sept.  16.  88.  Entry  for  Council  Register  of  appearance  of  Richard  Cutler  of 
Finchley,  Middlesex.  He  is  to  remain  in  custody  of  the  messeno'er 
vintil  discharged.     [Draft.     3  lines.'] 

Sept.  16.  The  like  of  Robert  Maynard,  Samuel  Waller,  and  Luke  Ivory  of 
Ealing,  Middlesex.  [Written  on  same  paper  as  preceding.  Draft. 
4  Krtes.] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  17 


](j38.  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

Septi  16.  Entry  of  appearance  of  Richard  Nicholas,  Francis  Hamond,  John 
Hatch  of  Pinner,  Thomas  Walter  and  John  Elkin  of  Harrow-on- 
the-Hill,  Jonah  Hunt  and  John  Lisle  W  Paddington.  [Ibid. 
Draft.     5  lines.'] 

Sept.  16.  The  like  of  William  Roming  and  William  Nichols  of  Greenford  and 
Perivale,  Middlesex ;  William  Pulbery  of  Ratcliff  being  discharged. 
[Ibid.    Draft.     3  liTies.l 

Sept.  1 6.  The  like  of  Thomas  Wigg,  Matthew  Nicholas,  Thomas  Paltock, 
John  Hill,  and  W.  Eddinhrasse  ;  William  Atley,  being  very  sick, 
appeared  not.     [Ibid.     Draft.     3  lines.] 

Sept.  16.  The  like  of  Thomas  Han-ison  of  South  Mimms.  [Ibid.  Draft. 
2  liTies.] 

Sept.  16.  The  like  entry  that  William  Bakehouse  of  Puttenham,  sent  for  by 
warrant,  having  paid  the  money  charged  upon  him  for  shipping,  was 
discharged.     [Ibid.    Draft.     3  lines^ 

Sept.  16.  89.  The  like  of  appearance  of  Edmond  Ashton  of  Chatterton,  co. 
Lancaster,  and  William  Cooke,  constable  of  Manchester.  They  are 
to  remain  in  custody  till  discharged.     [Draft.     5  lines.] 

Sept.  16.  The  like  of  John  Cornelius  of  Newcastle,  victualler.  [Draft. 
Written  on  same  paper  as  preceding.    1  line.] 

Sept.  16.  90.  Petition  of  the  said  John  Cornelius  to  the  Council.  Edward 
Frodsham  about  three  weeks  since  was  apprehended  at  Newcastle  by 
special  warrant,  and  brought  up  here  by  Hugh  Peachy,  a  pursuivant. 
Frodsham  having  lodged  at  petitioner's  house  two  or  three  nights 
before  his  apprehension,  and  the  messenger  demanding  Frodsham's 
chest,  and  petitioner  seeming  unwilling  to  deliver  it  without 
Frodsham's  privity,  or  directions  of  the  mayor  of  the  town.  Peachy 
*'took  petitioner  bound"  to  appear  before  the  Lords  this  day. 
As  petitioner  never  saw  or  heard  of  Frodsham  till  he  came  to  lodge 
in  petitioner's  house,  prays  his  discharge.     [1  p.]     Endorsed, 

90.  I.  Reference  to  Sec.  Windebarik  to  take  order  herein.  Ramp- 
ton  Court,  16th  September  1638.     [^  p.] 

90.  II.  Sec.  Windebanlc  to  Attorney-General  Bankes.  To  examine 
the  parties,  and  certify  the  result.  Drury  Lane,  18th 
September  16S8.     [^  p.] 

90,  III.  Examination  of  the  said  John  Cornelius,  taken  before  At- 
torney-General Bankes  on  the  20th  September  1638.  Was 
born  at  Haarlem,,  came  thence  imto  England  when  he  was 
30  years  of  age,  and  for  12  years  has  kept  a  victualling 
house  at  Newcastle.  About  a  month  since  Jacob  Henson 
and  one  John  [Trappes],  a  young  lad,  lodged  in  his 
house,  and  last  spring  Jocom  Beck,  a  Dane,  and  the 
young  man  John  [Trappes]  lodged  there,  and  Edward 
Frodsham  lodged  there  three  nights  about  a  inonth  since. 
Peachy  came   to  examinant  in  the  market  place,   and 

13.  B 


18  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

willed  hvm  to  deliver  Frodsham's  trunk,  which  he  refused 
to  do  until  he  had  order  from  the  mayor.  Denies  all 
knowledge  of  the  alum  business,  and  of  any  endeavour  to 
get  men  to  go  to  make  alum  beyond  seas.  [2  pp."] 
90.  IV.  Attorney-General  Bankes  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Cannot 
discern  that  Cornelius  was  privy  to  any  of  Mr.  Frodsham's 
proceeding.  Jacob  Henson  and  John  Trappes,  the 
English  boy,  were  both  in  Newcastle  at  the  messenger's 
coming  thither,  and  might  have  been  apprehended.  They 
are    since    gone    beyond    seas.    2lst    September    1638. 

Sept.  16.  91.  The  King  to  Montjoy  Earl  of  Newport.  To  deliver  out  of 
Hampton  Court,  the  stores  of  the  Ordnance  to  be  sent  to  Newcastle-upon-Tyne  unto 
[Thomas]  Heath,  one  of  the  King's  Engineers,  six  demi-culverins  of 
iron,  mounted  upon  field  carriages,  with  600  round  shot,  900  muskets, 
with  bandoleers,  rests,  and  other  ordnance  stores,  to  be  disposed  of 
by  Heath  according  to  directions  received  from  the  Master  of  the 
Ordnance.     [Copy.  2  pp.l 

Sept,  16.        Another  copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccoccvi.,  p.  12.     1  ^.] 

Sept.  16.        92.  The  same  to  Capt.  William  Legge,  Master  of  the  Armoury. 
Hampton  Court.  To  deliver  out  of  the  stores  to  [Thomas]  Heath,  to  be  sent  to  New- 
castle-upon-Tyne, 600  armours,  consisting  of  back,  breast,  gorget, 
and  head-piece.     [Copy.     1  p."] 

Sept.  16.        Another  copy,     [See  Vol.  cocxcvi.,  p.  13,     i|).] 

Sept.  16.        93.  The  same  to  Montjoy  Earl  of  Newport.     Eighteen  pieces  of 
Hampton  Coui-t.  brass  Ordnance,  with  their  carnages,  and  40  lasts  of  powder  and 
other  Ordnance  stores,  are  to  be  sent  to  Kingston-upon-HulL     The 
same  are  to  be  delivered  to  Capt.  William  Legge.     [Copy.    2  pp."] 

Sept.  16.        Another  copy.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  14.     1  p,'\ 

Sept.  16.        Proportion  of  ordnance,  with  their  carriages  and  munition,  to  be 
Office  of      delivered  out  of  the  stores,  and  sent  to  Hull,  being  part  of  the  pro- 
auce.     yigJQj^g  appointed  for  the  train  of  artillery  by  warrant  of  this  day. 
[Ibid.,  p.  15.     5  pp.\ 

Sept.  16.        94.  The  like  of  ordnance  and  munitions  to  be  sent  to  Newcastle- 
upon  Tyne  by  similar  warrant.     [2  pp^ 

Sept.  16.       Another  copy.    [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  20.    1  p.J 

Sept.  16.        List  of  prices  of  powder,  match,  and  arms  sent  to  Newcastle. 
[Ibid.  p.  21.     ^  p.] 

Sept.  16.        Order  of  Council  of  War.     The  proportion  of  powder  ordinarily 

Hampton  Court,  allowed  for  the  charge  of   a  musket   (being   the   full  weight  of 

the  bullet)  is  too  great,  and  the  roughness  and  recoil  occasioned 

thereby  make  the  men  forbear  to  take  their  aim,  and  unable  to 

discharge  the  same  with  rapidity  and  effect.    The  Earl  of  Newport 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  19 


lg38_  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

is  prayed,  calling  to  Mm  some  of  the  Officers  of  the  Ordnance,  of  the 
Artillery  Garden,  and  others,  to  make  trial  of  the  ordinary  charge  and 
of  the  moiety  thereof,  and  certify  thereon.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccxcvi, 
p.  11.     1^.] 

Sept.  16,        95.  Draft  of  the  same,     [fp.] 

Sept.  16.        96.  Sir  Robert  Benett  to  Nicholas.      Henry  Olford  of  Hurley 
Windsor,     -was  absent  in  Yorkshire  at  the  time  of  the  musters.     Having  since 

been  assured  of  his  conformity,  I  am  to  entreat  you  to  strike  out 

his  name.     [4  p."] 

Sept.  16.  97.  Relation  by  Lieutenant  Frodsham  and  Hugh  Peachy,  mes- 
senger, of  their  proceedings  when  sent  to  Newcastle  to  detect  an 
endeavour  to  procure  workmen  in  the  alum  works  to  go  to  Denmark. 
[Endorsed  by  Bee.  Windebank.     If  p.} 

Sept.  16.        98.  See  Returns  made  by  Justices  of  the  Peace. 

Sept.  17.  99.  The  Council  of  War  to  Sir  John  Heydon,  Lieutenant,  of 
Ordnance.  Order  is  given  for  SOOi.  to  be  paid  to  you  upon  account. 
His  Majesty's  pressing  occasions  require  that  you  pay  so  much 
thereof  as  shall  be  appointed  by  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance  to 
Capt.  Legge  and  others,  appointed  to  attend  the  present  service  to 
Hull  and  Newcastle.     [Draft  minute.     |  p.^ 

Sept.  17.        Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  21.    ^  p.] 

Sept.  17.  100.  Order  of  Council.  George  Price,  merchant,  complained  that 
having  entered  into  a  bond  of  1,000Z.  to  his  Majesty  as  surety  for 
Henry  Blackall,  late  soap-boUer  of  London,  that  he  should  make  no 
soap  after  a  time  limited,  for  which  being  questioned  in  the  Exchequer, 
the  Board  required  George  Gage,  Governor  of  the  Corporation  of 
Soap-makers  of  Westminster,  to  certify  his  knowledge  in  that 
business,  which  he  did,  and  the  Lords,  by  Order  of  I7th  May,  re- 
quired the  Attorney-General  to  stay  the  suit  in  the  Exchequer,  and 
to  free  petitioner  from  the  bond,  yet  he  is  nevertheless  still  much 
troubled  therein.  It  was  ordered,  that  the  petition  should  be 
showed  to  Thomas  Elliott,  his  Majesty's  servant,  and  that  he  and 
Price  should  attend  on  Sunday  next  at  Hampton  Court.     [Draff. 

Sept.  17.  101.  The  like.  Thomas  Horth  of  Yarmouth,  merchant,  com- 
plained that,  having  contracted  with  George  Gage,  Governor  of 
the  Company  of  Soap-makers,  for  his  sixth  part  of  all  oils  of  the 
fishing  intended  for  provision  of  Scotland,  that  trade  being  trans- 
ferred upon  the  old  soap-boilers,  they  refuse  to  perform  the  said  agree- 
ment, and  the  Greenland  merchants  also  will  not  permit  petitioner 
to  land  his  goods,  to  his  great  charge,  and  201.  loss  by  the  day.  It 
was  ordered,  that  the  petition  should  be  showed  to  the  Governors 
of  the  Soap-makers  and  the  Greenland  Company,  and  that  one  or  two 
of  each  company  should  be  requested  to  attend  the  Board  at  Hampton 
Court  on  Sunday  the  24th  inst.  with  their  answer.     [Draft.     1  p.} 

B  2 


20  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

Sept.  17.        102.  Pass  from  the  Council  for  Edward  Bradshaugh  to  go  to  Paria 
Hampton  Court,  to  be  tutor  to  the  SOU  of  the  Oouatess  of  Banbury  for  three  years, 

Sept.  17.        103.  Draft  minute  of  the  preceding.     [^  p.] 

Sept.  17.  104.  Notes  of  businesses  wherein  the  Officers  of  Ordnance  desire 
the  Council  may  be  moved  on  Sunday  next.  An  allowance  desii'ed 
for  Thomas  Rudd,  an  engineer  appointed  to  survey  the  castles  in 
Guernsej'  and  Jersey.  Warrant  to  remove  the  ordnance  and  mu- 
nition from  Tynemouth  ctistle.  That  money  may  be  ready  at  Hull 
and  Newcastle  for  defraying  necessary  charges.  [_In  the  fnargin 
are  Nicholas's  notes  of  the  answers  of  the  Council.    |  p.] 

Sept.  18.  105.  The  King  to  Pliilip  Thomas  or  other  messenger  of  theChamber. 
Hampton  Court.  By  Letters  Patent  of  2nd  June  1636  the  corporation  of  tradesmen 
inhabiting  within  three  miles  of  the  city  of  London  are  empowered 
to  call  before  them  all  persons  buying  and  selling  by  retail  within 
the  limits  of  the  corporation,  and  to  admit  them  into  the  freedom  of 
the  same,  upon  such  terms  as  in  the  said  patents  are  expressed. 
Divers  refractory  persons  refuse,  upon  summons,  to  appear  before  the 
officers  of  the  said  corporation,  or  if  they  appear,  refuse  to  obey  any 
order  thereof.  You  are  to  apprehend  all  such  offenders  herein  a&  shall 
be  named  by  the  chamberlains  of  the  said  corporation,  and  to  bring 
them  before  the  governor  of  the  same,  and  keep  them  in  safe  custody 
until  they  conform.     [Parchment,  24  Zmes.] 

Sept.  18.       106.  The  Council  to  Captain  William   Legge.     Instructions  eon- 
Hampton  Court,  eerning  the  ordnance,  arms,  and  provisions  sent  to  Kingston-upon- 
HuU,    with  the  prices  at  which  powder,  match,  and  musket-shot 
were  to  be  sold.     [Copy.  3  'pp.'\ 

Sept  18.         107.  The     same    to    Thomas    Heath,   storekeeper  at  Newcastle, 
Hampton  Coui-t.  Similar  instructions.     [Copy.  2  p'p.'] 

Sept.  18.  Separate  memoranda  in  reference  to  the  above  instructions  to 
Captain  William  Legge  and  Thomas  Heath,  that  such  instructions  were 
entered  in  the  Book  of  the  Acts  of  the  Council.  \See  Vol.  cccxcvi. 
pp.  22,  23.     1  ^.] 

Sept.  18.  108.  Philip  Porter  [son  of  Endymion  Porter?]  to  his  brother 
George  Porter.  I  am  rejoiced  to  hear  that  you  have  lost  your  fever. 
I  shall  be  very  glad  to  see  you  here  in  London.     [French.     1  p.] 

Sept.  18.  109.  Sir  Dudley  Carleton  to  Sec  Coke.  I  yesterday  attended  the 
Imbereourt.  Spanish  resident,  touching  the  complaint  made  by  Mr.  Newton,  whose 
petition  I  caused  to  be  interpreted  to  him,  and  received  in  effect  this 
answer,  that  Mr.  Newton  had  much  forgotten  himself  by  suggesting 
things  that  were  untrue,  particularly  that  he,  the  resident,  had 
accepted,  about  Midsummer  last,  of  a  warning  given  by  Mr  Newton 
to  remove  out  of  the  house.  He  acknowledged  that  he  came  into  the 
house  by  succession  to  the  Spanish  ambassador  who  is  gone,  and 
had  term  in  the  house  until  Michaelmas.     That  some  few  days  after 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


21 


1638.  Vol.  CCCXCVIIL 

the  departure  of  the  ambassador  Mr.  Newton  came  to  know  whether 
he  would  continue  tenant,  whereof  he  took  time  to  consider.  Since 
which,  upon  pretences  of  sales,  first  to  Viscount  Montague,  and  then 
to  Lord  Conway,  Mr.  Newton  had  endeavoured  to  extoi-t  a  higher  rent 
from  him.  The  ambassador  had  endeavoured  to  provide  himself 
another  house,  but  could  find  none,  but  either  very  inconvenient  or 
at  most  unreasonable  prices ;  some  persons  refusing  to  let  their  houses 
because  they  would  not  have  mass  said  in  them.  The  resident  says, 
if  it  shall  by  the  Lords  be  thought  fit  that  he  must  remove,  not 
knowing  whither  to  go,  but  that  he  must  have  the  dice  thus  set  upon 
him,  he  wiU  submit,  and  lie  in  the  streets,  if  nobody  will  receive 
him,  though  he  trusts  the  Lords  will  consider  that  there  is  another 
manner  of  regard  had  in  Spain  for  the  accommodation  of  the 
ministers  of  Great  Britain.  Mr.  Newton  was  present,  and  as  one 
said  the  other  denied,  and  though  the  resident  was  told  of  sundry 
houses  to  be  let,  yet  nothing  would  satisfy  him  but  to  keep  the 
house  where  he  is,  without  increase  of  rent.  [Seal  with  arms. 
3  pp.} 
Sept.  18.  110.  Inigo  Jones,  Thomas  Baldwin,  Peter  Heywood,  and  Henry 
Wicks  to  the  Council.  Report  on  a  nuisance  arising  from  the  sewer 
of  St.  Martin's  Lane  to  the  King's  house  at  Whitehall.  The  referees 
state  the  way  in  which  the  sewage  from  St.  Giles's  was  formerly 
provided  for  ;  how  it  was  iaterfered  with  by  the  houses  built  on  the 
west  side  of  St.  Martin's  Lane  by  Lord  Salisbury  ;  and  the  endea- 
vour of  the  commissioners  for  buildings,  to  have  a  substantial  sewer 
made  from  St.  Martin's  Lane  to  the  Thames.  Mr.  Meautys  can  show 
the  receipts  and  payments  of  the  commissioners,  from  which  it  will  ap- 
pear that  for  want  of  the  money  which  is  yet  behind  and  uncollected  (a 
great  part  whereof  is  assessed  on  Lord  Salisbury)  the  work  has  stayed 
these  twelve  months,  whereby  the  nuisance  to  his  Majesty's  house  still 
continues.     [=  2  pp.'\ 

111.  Edward  Lewis  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Thanks  to  Windebank  for 
favours  and  to  Ladj'  Windebank  for  accommodating  "  us  "  witli  things 
necessary  for  "  our  lodgings."     [1  p^ 

J 12.  Sir  Edward  Bromfield,  governor  of  the  company  of  soap- 
makers,  and  Thomas  Overman,  to  Nicholas.  Upon  complaint  of  our 
company,  the  Lords  sent  for  Edmund  Aston  and  William  Cooke,  for 
committing  Francis  Rideing,  one  of  our  company's  searchers. 
They  have  acknowledged  their  error,  promising  for  the  future  to 
give  assistance  to  our  searchers.     Pray  their  discharge,     [f  p."] 

Sept.  19.  11.3.  Thomas  Smith  [to  Sir  John  Pennington].  I  have  had  dis- 
Eion  House,  course  with  the  Lord  Admiral  about  the  beginning  of  the  winter  convoy. 
He  answered  that  it  was  no  matter  when,  for  that,  as  he  intended 
to  Sir  Henry  Merviii,  had  he  stayed  out,  that  the  whole  winter 
money,  as  the  summer's,  should  be  sent  up  to  his  Lordship  by  bills 
of  exchange,  as  now  it  is,  and  then  he  would  dispose  of  it  as  he 
should  think  fit.  I  told  liin),  peradventure  this  course  would  not  be 
so   grateful   to   you,  because  it  might  cause  you   to  think   some 


Sept.  19. 

Oxford. 


Sept.  19. 


22  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIIT. 

displeasure  were  conceived  by  hira  against  you.  He  told  me,  no  such 
thing,  nor  should  it  be  "  ere  a  whit "  the  worse  for  you,  but  having 
intended  it  to  the  other,  and  told  him  so,  he  might  take  it  amiss 
that  you  had  a  greater  privilege  than  he,  and  for  another  reason, 
which,  because  I  know  not  who  may  see  my  letters,  I  will  at  present 
conceal.  Be  confident  I  will  be  as  careful  of  you  as  I  will  be  of 
myself  I  spoke  to  him  likewise  about  the  wine,  &c.,  and  had  much 
ado  to  prevail  with  him  to  let  you  send  any,  but  at  last  he  said  that 
in  case  you  met  with  any  excellent  piece  of  White  Muscadine  or 
Canary,  he  was  content  you  shoixld  send,  so  it  were  but  a  little.  His 
Lordship  intends  to  send  you  against  Christmas  a  "Regallia," 
somewhat  after  the  nature  of  last  year's,  but  if  you  be  as  free  with 
me  to  let  me  know  what  would  please  you  best,  as  I  am  with  you, 
I  should  take  it  as  a  favour.  On  Sunday  last  Captain  Batten  kissed 
his  Majesty's  hand  for  the  Surveyor's  place.  His  patent  is  drawing 
"  during  pleasure  only,"  as  all  patents  must  run  hereafter.  Here 
has  been  much  striving  for  the  place.  Sir  Henry  Mainwaring, 
Captain  Duppa,  Mr.  Bucke,  cum  multis  aliis ;  but  the  King,  with 
the  help  of  somebody  else,  thought  him  the  fittest  man.  We  have 
had  nothing  from  Scotland  of  late,  but  I  hear  from  knowing  men 
that  all  is  not  right  yet.  You  may  take  notice  to  his  Lordship  of 
what  I  have  written  concerning  his  pleasure  in  sending  hither  the 
winter  convoy  money,  and  if  you  would  be  ruled  by  me  oppose  it 
not,  though  I  hold  it  very  fit  you  should  give  a  touch  in  your  own 
behalf,  and  let  me  alone  for  the  rest.     [3  pp."] 

Sept.  20.  114.  Letter  to  the  Lords  of  the  Council  "  with  safety,  in  private," 
judged  from  the  handwriting  and  contents  to  have  been  written  by 
Edward  Worsley,  letters  of  whom  have  been  calendared  under  dates 
of  the  19th  October  and  8th  Dec.  1637  (see  Vol.  ccclxx.  No.  2, 
and  Vol.  ccclxxiii.  No.  53).  The  Mrriter  imagined  himself  to  be 
subjected  to  persecution  by  a  sort  of  deboshed,  disordered,  and  unruly 
rebels,  who  troubled  him  with  their  signs,  conceits,  and  devices. 
Submits  to  the  Council  a  letter  which  he  purposes  to  vsrite  to  his 
adversaries,  not  knowing  what  hurt  he  may  thereby  do  the  King  in 
his  royal  designs.  It  is  stated  in  the  endorsement  that  this  letter 
and  probably  the  one  originally  enclosed,  were,  "  Papers  scattered  in 
Somerset  House,"  and  that  they  "  were  sent  to  me  [Sec.  Windefcank] 
by  Sir  Maurice  Dromond  "  on  the  28th  inst.     [1  ^.] 

Sept.  20.  115.  Sir  John  Oglander,  sheriff  of  Hants,  to  Nicholas.  I  have  paid 
Insula  Vectis.  fco  Sir  William  Kussell  all  ship-money  due  from  the  body  of  this 
county,  and  almost  all  from  the  incorporations,  there  only  remaining 
of  the  6,000^.  but  68?.,  viz :  from  Southampton,  40Z ;  from  Andover, 
SI. ;  and  from  Winchester,  20i!.  If  my  actions  be  questioned  for 
these  arrears  of  68?.,  pray  inform  where  it  rests,  and  that  I  am  sorry 
it  is  without  my  authority  to  collect  it.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  ^.] 

Sept.  20.  116.  Certificate  of  Edward  Penrice  and  Wilham  Drewry,  that  on 
the  18th  inst.,  by  warrant  from  Sir  John  Hanbuiy,  sherifi"  of  co. 
Northampton,   they   ofi"ered    to    distrain  for   ship-money  in  Earls.. 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  T. 


23 


lg38_  Vol,  C(^CXCVIII. 

Barton,  but  were  assaulted,  imprisoned,  and  their  distresses  rescued 
by  Edmund  James,  Michael  Whittawer,  Thomas  Haynes,  constable 
of  Earls  Barton,  who  raised  that  and  several  other  towns  against 
them,  Robert  Ward,  another  constable  of  Earls  Barton,  and  Thomas 
Blewett.  The  particular  facts  of  every  case  are  minutely  stated,  and 
Ward  and  Blewett  are  described  as  men  generally  noted  to  oppose 
the  said  service,  both  in  advice  and  resistance.  They  abused 
Penrice  and  Drewry  in  words,  and  offered  to  take  away  their  swords, 
and  Blewett  wished  one  of  the  bailiffs  to  scour  his  sword  clean,  for 
"  they  would  be  provided  for  us  against  we  came  again."     [1  p.J 

Sept.  20.        117.  See  "  Returns  of  Justices  of  Peace." 

Sept.  21.  118.  The  King  to  Henry  Garway  and  Gilbert  Harrison,  aldermen 
Canbury.  of  London,  Thomas  Atkin,  sheriff  of  London,  and  27  others, 
including  Matthew  Oradock,  Thomas  Lenthall,  and  John  Holland. 
Commission  for  inquiring  into  all  deceits  and  abuses  practised  in  all 
sorts  of  clothing  and  making  of  stuffs,  with  power  to  call  before 
them  and  examine  upon  oath  all  persons  whom  it  shall  concern,  and, 
amongst  other  things,  to  provide  that  "  the  poor  working  "  depending 
on  the  said  clothing  may  have  competent  wages  for  their  work. 
After  deliberation  had,  they  are  to  present  their  whole  proceedings, 
with  their  opinions  of  the  readiest  ways  of  redress,  that  the  King 
may  settle  order  therein.     [Oopy.     3  pp.^ 

Sept.  21.        119.  Another  copy  of  the  same,  wherein  Henry  Garway  is  styled 
Canbury.     Garraway.     [Printed  as  a  broadside.     =  2  pp."] 

Sept.  21.  120.  Receipt  of  Nicholas  Stoughton,  Undersheriff  of  Surrey,  for 
17s.  4id.  assessed  upon  Thomas  Goore,  towards  the  ship-money  within 
the  parish  of  Thames  Ditton.     [J  p.] 

Sept,  22.  121.  Sir  John  Hewett,  Sheriff  of  co.  Huntingdon,  to  Nicholas.  I 
have  used  more  than  common  industry  to  get  in  all  the  ship-money 
before  I  and  my  office  parted ;  but,  notwithstanding  my  care  and 
trouble,  there  is  a  good  sum  behind,  for  I  am  so  fallen  in  valuation 
that  many  collectors  will  neither  obey  my  warrants  nor  come  to  me, 
but  keep  what  they  have  collected,  so  that  now  I  am  hopeless  to  get 
any  more,  and  have  therefore  returned  the  towns  and  names  of  all 
the  collectors  in  arrear,  and  desire  they  may  be  presented  to  the 
Board.  Then  follow  the  names  of  17  towns  and  42  collectors. 
[Seal  with  arms,     l^p.] 

Sept.  22.  122.  Thomas  Atkin,  Sheriff  of  Middlesex,  to  the  same.  Sends 
certificate  of  ship-money  paid  by  the  collectors  on  the  day  before. 
Where  bailiffs  have  not  been  this  week  to  distrain  they  shaU  go  the 
next.  Some  collectors  after  the  bailiffs  distrain  will  not  take  the 
distresses  into  their  custody,  but  the  bailiffs  must  keep  them,  and 
some  have  sold  them,  and  some  the  parties  have  redeemed  them,  and 
now  I  cannot  get  the  money  from  the  bailiffs.  And  they  will  be 
their  own  carvers,  and  not  be  rewarded  by  me  according  as  they 
deserve.     I  desire,  if  any  collectors  come  before  his  Majesty  or  the 


24  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

Lords,  they  may  be  commanded  to  go  with  the  bailiffs  to  distrain, 
and  to  receive  the  distresses  into  their  custody.     [1  pj]     Endorsed, 

122.  I.  Certificate  of  the  said  ThoTtias  Atkin  of  sums  received 
since  the  1 6th  of  September  from  the  collectors  who  were 
then  before  his  Majesty,  desiring  that  they  may  be  dis- 
charged on  Sunday  next.  The  sum  assessed  upon  Mid- 
dlesex was  5,000?.,  whereof  3,000?.  is  paid  to  Sir  William, 
Russell;  Westminster  is  assessed  at  1,180?.;  the  Tower 
liberties  at  142?.;  the  Minories  at  10?.;  total  4,332?., 
leaving  668?.  yet  to  be  received.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  22.  123.  Account  of  Sir  William  Russell  of  ship-money  for  1637. 
Total  received,  132,034?.  19s.  Ic?. ,  unpaid,  64,379?.  8s.  7d.     [1  p.'] 

Sept.  22.  124.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637  levied  and  in  the  hands  of 
the  sheriffs,  total  3,794?.,  which,  with  132,034?.  paid  to  Sir  William 
Eussell,  makes  the  total  received  135,828?.     [1  p.'] 

Sept.  22.  125.  Condition  of  a  bond  by  which  a  collector  of  ship-money  not 
named  is  bound  forthwith  to  pay  to  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  late  sheriff 
of  CO.  Lincoln,  all  money  collected,  and  within  three  weeks  to  perfect 
his  account,  and  express  what  is  in  arrear  upon  each  man  in  his 
constabulary.  [Endorsed:  " Ed.  Palfreyman  and  Clay  discharged 
on  this  condition."    ^  p.l 

Sept.  22.  126.  Certificate  of  Henry  Kyme  and  George  Carter,  messengers, 
that  Thomas  Davis,  John  Langton  of  Maidenhead,  William  Hunt 
of  Remenham,  Thomas  Winch  of  Bray,  Abraham  Sharpe  of  Hurley, 
Richard  How  of  Finchampstead,  and  John  Gooding  of  Wokingham, 
being  sent  for  as  defaulters  at  the  musters  in  Berks,  upon  their  sub- 
mission to  the  Earl  of  Holland,  Lord  Lieutenant,  he  signified  that 
they  should  be  discharged,     [f  p.] 

[Sept.  23.]  127.  Petition  of  Robert  Earl  of  Ancram,  his  Majesty's  servant, 
to  the  King.  Your  Majesty  granted  petitioner  the  duties  payable 
by  the  company  of  Starchmakers  for  a  term  of  years  whereof  three 
are  yet  to  come,  and  your  Majesty  received  200?.  per  annum  thereby. 
Petitioner  has  employed  the  care  of  himself  and  others,  and  laid  out 
the  benefit  he  was  to  receive  thereby,  and  by  that  means  has  made 
it  a  busiuess  of  value.  Others,  finding  the  benefit  thereof,  have 
obtained  a  grant  of  a  new  corporation  for  that  business,  and  have 
undertaken  to  give  your  Majesty  for  the  first  year  1,500?.,  for  the 
next  2,000?.,  and  afterwards  3,500?.  per  annum.  In  consideration 
that  petitioner  has  brought  it  to  be  a  business  of  this  consequence, 
and  having  a  grant  thereof,  and  of  the  importing  into  this  kingdom 
of  foreign  starch  for  three  years  yet  unexpired,  and  for  that  these 
two  last  years  have  been  spent  in  differences  between  the  old  and 
new  company,  by  which  means  petitioner  has  not  received  one  penny 
for  that  time,  he  prays  waiTant  to  the  Attorney-General  for  some 
grant  that  petitioner  may  not  be  damnified  by  any  new  grant 
Li  P-} 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  25 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIIL 

Sept.  23.  128.  Order  of  Council.  The  business  in  difference  between 
Edmond  Kenindy,  Francis  Grove,  &c.,  starchmakers,  and  Robert 
Smith,  Leonard  Stockdale,  and  others,  being  by  the  Board  referred 
to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington,  the  referees  acquainted 
the  Board  that  they  could  not  approve  the  security  tendered  by 
Smith,  nor  of  the  parties  who  desired  to  be  undertakers,  and  there- 
fore it  was  best  that  the  patent  already  prepared  might  pass  to 
Edmond  Kenindy,  Francis  Grove,  &c.  It  was  Ordered,  that  the 
Lord  Keeper  be  prayed  to  pass  the  said  patent.     [Draft,     f  2?.] 

Sept.  23.  129.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  The  fishermen  of  the  Thames 
Hampton  Court,  having  complained  (see  16th  September  inst.)  that  Nowell  Warner, 
patentee  for  transportation  of  lampreys,  has  of  late  years  endea- 
voured to  undo  petitioners.  Upon  consideration  thereof,  and  of  an 
offer  of  the  fishermen  to  pay  to  his  Majesty  20s.  upon  every  thousand 
lampreys  exported,  or  a  rent  of  600?.  per  annum,  and  to  quit  a  debt 
of  490?.  owing  by  Warner  to  the  said  fishermen,  so  as  the  patent  of 
Warner  might  be  called  in,  and  they  left  at  liberty  to  sell  such  lam- 
preys as  they  shall  take  either  in  this  kingdom  or  in  foreign  parts, 
it  was  ordered  that  the  fishermen  shall  attend  the  Lord  Treasurer 
and  Lord  Cottington,  who  are  to  treat  with  them  touching  their 
said  offer,  and  therein  to  provide  that  the  societies  of  fishing  in 
England  may  be  furnished  with  a  sufficient  proportion  of  lampreys 
for  the  use  of  tlisir  fishing  at  as  easy  rates  as  Warner  was  obliged 
to  serve  them  with.     [Draft.     1\  ^j.] 

Sept.  23.  130.  Order  of  Council.  Upon  consideration  of  the  report  of 
Hampton  Court.  Inigo  Jones  and  others,  calendared  under  date  of  the  16th  inst.,  and 
upon  hearing  Inigo  Jones  and  others,  it  was  ordered  that  Lewis,  a 
messenger  i'ormerly  employed  in  this  business,  should  repair  to  the 
persons  mentioned  in  the  schedule  to  the  said  report,  and  demand 
payment  of  the  sums  assessed,  to  the  end  that  the  work  may  be 
j)roceeded  in  with  effect,  and  that  they  who  refuse  or  delay  payment 
should  be  sent  for  by  warrant.  And  whereas  the  Earl  of  Salisbury 
insisted  that  the  sewer  made  by  the  late  Earl  was  sufficient  for  his 
houses  in  St.  Martin's  Lane,  and  that  there  was  never  any  complaint 
while  the  same  went  under  Northampton  House,  nor  until  some 
stop  was  given  to  the  current  by  the  later  buildings  erected  by 
others,  but  the  surveyor  and  three  other  commissioners  had  certified 
that  the  same  had  been  complained  of  before  the  erection  of  the 
later  buildings,  it  was  ordered,  that  the  commissioners  should  cause 
the  same  to  be  more  particularly  examined,  and  that  his  Lordship 
should  have  notice  of  their  meeting  on  that  behalf     [Draft.     2  pjp.'\ 

Sept.  23.  131.  Minute  of  entry  on  the  Council  Register  of  appearance  before 
the'  Council  of  John  Chapman  of  London,  merchant  tailor,  and 
William  Medley  of  London,  skinner,  sent  for  by  waiTant.  They  are 
to  remain  in  the  messenger's  custody  until  discharged.    [Draft.    ^  p.] 

Sept.  23.  132.  The  like  of  discharge  of  Edmund  Aston  and  William  Cooke, 
upon  certificate  of  the  corporation  of  soap-makers  that  they  had 
given  satisfaction.     [Draft.     ^  p-^ 


26  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCXCVIIL 

Sept.  23.  133.  Minute  for  entry  on  the  Council  Register  of  discharge  of 
John  Thackham  of  Aborfield,  Berks,  upon  promise  of  conformity  at 
musters.     [Draft.    4  Imes.] 

Sept.  23.  134.  The  like  of  appearance  of  Thomas  Davis,  John  Langton, 
WiUiam  Hunt,  Thomas  Winch,  Abraham  Sharpe,  Richard  How,  and 
John  Gooding,  sent  for  by  warrant  for  default  at  musters.  Upon 
the  certificate  of  Henry  Kyme  and  George  Carter,  calendared  under 
date  of  the  22nd  inst.,  they  were  discharged.     {Draft,     f  p.J 

Sept.  23.  The  like  of  appearance  of  Sir  Robert  "Wood,  gentleman  pensioner, 
sent  for  by  close  warrant.  He  is  to  attend  the  Board  until  dis- 
charged.    [Draft.     Written  on  the  same  paper  as  the  precedmg. 

Sept.  23.  The  like  of  Thomas  Martin,  of  Wokingham,  Berks,  sent  for  by 
warrant  for  default  of  arms.     [Draft.    Ibid.    2  lines.'] 

Sept.  23.  The  like  of  John  Thackham  of  Aborfield  for  similar  default. 
[Draft.    Ibid.     1  line.] 

Sept.  23.  135.  Minute  for  entry  on  the  Council  Register  of  discharge  of 
Nicholas  Compton.     [Draft.     1  Une.] 

Sept.  23.  136.  The  Council  to  John  Lisney,  messenger.  To  bring  David 
Malcot  of  Little  Barford,  and  William  King  of  Chalgrave,  co. 
Bedford.     [Draft.    Minute,     i  p.] 

Sept.  23.  The  like  to  David  Stott,  messenger.  To  bring  John  Shemeld  of 
Woburn,  co.  Bedford,  and  William  Partridge,  constable  of  that  town. 
[Draft.     Written  on  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding.     3  lines.] 

Sept.  23.  The  like  to  Thomas  Welch,  messenger.  To  bring  Francis  Free- 
man, constable  of  Welby,  Edmund  James,  and  Michael  Whittawer 
of  Earls  Barton,  co.  Northampton.     [Draft.     Ibid.     ^  p!] 

Sept.  23.  The  like  to  Henry  Kyme,  messenger.  To  bring  Thomas  Haynes 
and  Robert  Ward,  constables  of  Earls  Barton,  co.  Northampton,  and 
Thomas  Blewett  of  the  same.     [Draft.    Ibid.    ^  p.] 

Sept.  23.  The  like  to  John  Powell,  sergeant-at-arms.  To  release  Sir  John 
Hanbury,  sheriff  of  co.  Northampton.     [Draft.    Ibid.     |  p.] 

Sept.  [23.]  137.  Ralph  Pollard,  Mayor  of  St.  Alban's,  to  the  Council.  Certi- 
fies his  proceedings  under  the  order  of  the  9th  inst.,  and  the  names 
of  those  persons  who  had  not  yet  paid.  Alban  Plumtree  refused  to 
pay  or  enter  into  bond.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  23.        138.  William  BeU  to  Nicholas.     As  yet  none  have  died  of  the 
Westminster,  plague.     Suggests  the  removal  of  divers  poor  nasty  people  out  of 
their  houses  to  the  sheds,  there  to  air  their  bedding  as  also  them- 
selves, that  so  with  safety  fresh  people  may  lie  upon  them  in  the 
winter.     "  Your  house  and  all  in  it  are  well."     [-1  p.] 

Sept.  23.        139.  Order  of  Council.     Divers  houses  in  Westminster  having 
Hampton  Court,  been  infected,  the  inhabitants  thereof  refuse  to  remove  themselves 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  27 


1638.  Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 

and  their  goods  into  sheds,  to  be  there  aired  and  cleansed.  It  was 
ordered  that  the  Justices  of  Peace  of  Westminster  take  order  that 
all  such  persons  be  shut  up  in  their  houses  for  two  months  longer 
than  usually  they  are  otherwise  shut  up,  in  order  that  fresh  people 
resorting  to  the  same  may  not  be  endangered  by  lying  upon  their 
beds.     [Draft.     1  ^.] 

Sept.  23.  140.  Answer  of  Sir  John  Jennings  touching  the  rate  set  upon 
upon  him  for  ship-money  by  the  mayor  of  St.  Alban's.  Holding  in 
St.  Albans  only  a  dwelling  and  20  acres,  at  Ml.  per  annum,  he  had 
been  assessed  at  4?.  He  alleged  a  great  charge  of  children,  that  his 
lands  elsewhere  pay  where  they  lie,  and  that  not  having  lived  at 
St.  Albans  for  two  years  past,  he  had  paid  where  he  had  resided. 


T.„Q  Vol.  CCCXCIX.    September  24-30,  1638. 

Sept.  24.  1.  Petition  of  the  Corporation  of  Dover  to  the  King.  The  Lord 
Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  have  had  a  meeting,  by  Order  of 
Council  of  -Sth  August,  for  taking  information  respecting  a  boom  to 
be  kept  in  Dover  harbour,  whereof  they  are  ready  to  make  report, 
and  in  the  interim  have  expressed  their  willingness  that  petitioners 
might  petition  to  be  heard  concerning  the  keeping  the  said  boom,  of 
late  ordered  by  your  Majesty  and  the  Lords  to  be  kept  by  petitioners 
without  fee,  but  since  re-ordered  to  be  kept  by  the  Lord  Warden, 
upon  Sir  John  Manwood's  information  that  the  harbour  was  within 
the  jurisdiction  of  the  Admiralty  of  the  Cinque  Ports.  Petitioners 
conceive  it  to  be  within  that  town's  jurisdiction,  as  by  ancient 
charters  may  appear.  Pray  appointment  for  both  parties  to  be  heard 
before  the  King  in  Council,     [f  p.]     Underwritten, 

1.  I.  Mvnute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  to  hear  this  cause  at  the 

Covmcil    Board,    on    the    SOth    i/nst.     HaTnpton  Court, 

24!th  September  1 638.     [^  p.] 

Sept.  24.  2.  Petition  of  William  Lawrence  to  the  Council  In  1637  there 
was  an  order  made  by  the  Judges  of  Assize  at  Blandford  for  exami- 
nation of  abuses  committed  by  Thomas  Devonish,  keeper  of  the  gaol 
at  Dorchester,  directed  to  Sir  Thomas  Trenchard,  William  Coker, 
Edward  Lawrence,  Thomas  Gallop,  and  petitioner,  and  upon  exami- 
nation the  abuses  were  found  to  be  very  foul,  and  so  certified  at  the 
general  sessions,  where  Devonish  was  ordered  to  leave  his  place. 
Thereupon  Sir  John  Croke,  the  next  sheriff,  placed  another  in  his 
room,  which  was  confirmed  by  the  next  sessions ;  yet  upon  Devonish's 
information  that  the  petitioner  and  others  had  proceeded  against  him 
contrary  to  an  order  of  the  Lords,  he  thereupon  in  April  last 
obtained  letters  to  friends  nominated  by  himself  to  examine  the 
business.     Prays  that  certain  country  gentlemen  here  enumerated 


28  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  T. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

may  be  joined  with  Devonish's  friends,  or  that  the  business  may  be 
ordered  by  the  Judges  of  Assize.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  24.  3.  The  Council  to  the  Judges  of  Assize  for  Dorset,  The  Lords 
Hampton  Court.  ]iave  revoked  their  former  directions  in  the  case  of  Devonish  above 
mentioned,  and  have  required  the  referees  not  only  to  forbear  pro- 
ceeding therein,  but  also  to  deliver  the  petition  of  Devonish  to  the 
Judges,  who  are  to  consider  the  same,  and  settle  the  difference,  or 
return  certificate  to  the  Board.     [Draft.     1^  p.] 

Sept.  24.         4.  The  same  to  Denzell  Holies  and  Sir  Thomas  Trenchard.    Recite 

Hampton  Court,  reference  of  30th  April  last  in  the  business  of  Thomas  Devonish. 

The  persons  addressed  are  to  forbear  to  proceed  further  therein,  tliat 

it  may  be  entirely  left  to  the  Judges  of  Assize  according  to  directions 

lately  given  them.     [Draft.     Minute.     1  p.] 

Sept.  24.  5.  The  same  to  the  Justices  of  Peace  for  Dorset.  We  send  you  a 
Hampton  Court,  petition  and  several  certificates  against  Nicholas  Compton,  postmaster 
of  Shaston,  by  which  you  will  perceive  how  notoriously  he  has 
abused  the  warrant  he  received  from  the  Secretary  of  State  and  the 
country ;  for  whereas  he  had  warrant  only  upon  extraordinary  occa- 
sion for  his  Majesty's  service  to  take  up  horses,  he  made  it  his 
ordinary  practice  and  gain  to  send  for  horses  when  there  was  no 
service,  and  to  discharge  them  for  money.  We  advertise  you  that 
Mr.  Secretary  has  taken  from  him  his  warrant,  and  that  we  hold  it 
very  necessary  that  there  should  be  some  exemplary  punishment 
inflicted  on  him  for  his  said  oflFence,  and  we  require  you  to  cause  him 
to  be  indicted  at  the  next  quarter  sessions,  and  to  take  order  that  he 
receive  condign  punishment ;  and  of  your  proceedings  you  are  to 
send  us  an  account.     [Draft.     1  JJ.] 

Sept.  24.  ,  6.  The  same  to  the  Sheriff  of  co.  Buckingham.  We  send  you 
petition  of  Edward  Hart  and  George  Carter,  complaining  that  the 
assessors  of  Brill  in  that  county  have  left  unassessed  a  great  portion 
of  land  in  that  parish  belonging  to  Mrs.  Banister.  We  are,  by  his 
Majesty's  command,  to  require  you  to  examine  the  truth  thereof, 
and  to  take  order  for  re-assessing  that  parish,  so  that  the  charge  be 
not  put  off  from  the  richer  sort  and  cast  on  the  poor.     [Draft.     1  jp.] 

Sept.  24.  Memorial  for  the  Earl  of  Newport.  He  is  prayed  by  the  Council 
Hampton  Court,  of  War  to  give  order  for  receiving  the  ordnance  from  Tynemouth 
Castle,  and  bringing  the  same  to  the  Tower  ;  likewise  to  give  direc- 
tions to  Captain  Legge  to  go  to  Holy  Island,  to  view  the  fort,  certify 
the  state  thereof,  and  bring  away  such  ordnance  as  are  unservice- 
able.    [Copy.    See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  22.     f  p.] 

Sept.  24.        7.  Draft  of  the  same,     [i  p.] 

Sept.  [24.]  8.  Petition  of  Thomas  Waterworth  and  others,  messengers  of  the 
Chamber,  to  the  Council.  They  were  sent  with  warrants  to  fetcli 
before  the  Lords  divers  collectors  of  ship-money  in  Middlesex,  all  of 
whom  were  presented  on  the  16th  September,  and  were  ordered 
within  five  days  to  collect  all  the  arrears  of  ship-money,  and  to 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


29 


1638. 


Sept.  24. 


Sept.  24. 

Kedliston. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

account  to  the  sheriff,  and  further  to  attend  the  Lords  on  the  23rd, 
which  they  have  neglected,  pretending  they  were  discharged.  Pray 
that  they  may  be  ordered  to  pay  the  usual  fees.     [^  p."] 

9.  Nicholas  to  the  Lord  High  Admiral.  The  committee  of  the 
Council  of  War  desire  you  to  be  pleased  to  order  the  ships  which  con- 
voy the  provisions  to  Hull  and  Newcastle  to  stay  there  tUl  all  the 
ships  be  unladen.     [Braft.     ^  p/] 

10.  Sir  John  Curzon,  Sheriff  of  CO.  Derby,  to  Nicholas.  With  much 
pains,  and  by  distraining  some  hundreds  of  people  and  selling  some 
of  their  goods  (they  pay  so  unwillingly  and  threaten  us),  I  have 
raised  betwixt  eight  and  nine  hundred  pounds  of  the  arrear  of  1,240Z. 
for  ship-money,  which  I  have  returned  to  be  paid  in  October,  and  do 
still  persist  in  the  same  course  to  get  the  remainder.  For  the  borough 
towns  I  do  my  duty  frequently  by  calling  on  them  to  pay.  Derby 
is  behind  1151.,  and  Chesterfield  501.     [Seal  with  arms  imperfect. 

Sept.  24.  Order  of  the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty.  John  Birtby  desiring  that 
Hampton  Court,  lie  and  his  sureties  might  be  freed  of  their  bond  of  1,000?.  for  his 
appearance  before  the  Lords,  that  he  might  go  for  Ireland,  where 
he  is  to  have  employment,  it  was  ordered  that  the  Attorney- 
General  should  take  such  order  herein  as  he  should  think  fit. 
[Copy.    See  Vol.  cccliii.,  p.  110.     J  p.] 

Sept.  25.        11.  Richard    Aid  worth    to   Sec.   Windebank.      Recommends   a 
Hinton  Pipard.  coachman,  Philip  Coles,  formerly  servant    to   Sir  Coope  Doyly  of 
Greenlands,  co.  Buckingham.     "  He  is  endowed  with  some  quality 
of  fame  for  ...  he  can  sound  a  trumpet  perfectly."     [^  p.] 

Sept.  25.  12.  Sir  Francis  Thornhaugh,  Sheriff  of  co.  Nottingham,  to  Nicholas. 
Fenton.  J  have  returned  600?.  more  of  ship-money,  which  makes  2,.500?.,  and 
next  week  I  will  return  four  or  five  hundred  at  the  least.  The 
strength  of  the  service  has  lain  upon  my  charge  and  my  officer's 
pains.  P.S. — That  which  I  write  to  you  I  pray  do  not  show  to 
the  Lords,  except  there  be  occasion,  and  you  think  fitting;  the 
showing  of  my  last  letter  procured  me  a  cruel  snub.  [Seal  with 
crest.     1  p.l 

Sept.  25.  13.  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  Sheriff  of  co.  Lincoln,  to  the  same  I 
Boston.  have  been  visited  with  this  new  sickness  which  hath  held  me  a 
month  ere  I  came  out  of  my  chamber,  yet  I  have  set  forward  his 
Majesty's  service.  I  find  now  I  come  to  make  out  warrants  to 
distrain,  a  very  great  neglect  in  the  chief  constables,  collectors, 
and  other  officers,  who  neglect,  while  some  others  wilfully  refuse,  to 
distrain,  and  yet  keep  my  warrants  until  my  return,  and  bring 
little  money  with  them,  which  is  a  very  great  hindrance  to  the 
service.  Such  as  I  could  meet  withal  I  have  reproved,  threatening 
to  complain  to  the  Council,  yet  I  find  but  very  small  amendment ; 
tlierefore  I  desire  to  be  resoJved,  first,  what  course  shall  be  taken 
with  those  who  refuse  or  neglect   to  distrain;  secondly,  there  be 


30  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


,^„„  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

looo. 

divers  rich  men  who  board  with  their  friends,  and  have  nothing 

to  distrain  on,  and  yet  have  stocks  of  money  abroad  at  interest, 

for  which  they  were  charged  to  the  ship-money  ;  thirdly,  there 

be  some  who  left  their  lands  at  Lady  Day  last,  and  have  removed 

into  other  counties,  leaving  nothing  to  distrain  on  ;  fourthly,  what 

such  men  as  rescue  their  distress  shall  be  done  with.     I  have,  by 

distress,  got  La  some  money,  which  I  have  returned,  and  the  residue 

I  will  bring  up  next  term.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  p."] 

Sept.  25.        14.  Order  made  at  a  Session  of  Sewers  before  Kobert  Earl   of 

Sleaford.      Lindsey  and  others,  Commissioners  of  Sewers,  for  setting  out  8,096 

acres  in  the  level  from  Kyme  Eau  to  above  Lincoln,  part  of  10,000 

acres  remaining  to  be  set  out  to  the  Earl  of  Lindsey,  undertaker  for 

the  drainage.     [If  p."] 

Sept.  26.  15.  Thomas  Dymoke  to  Sec.  Windebank.  The  employment  for 
the  north  is  conceived  to  be  in  such  forwardness  that  there  are  few 
places  of  command  undisposed  of  The  pay  would  comfort  me 
exceedingly,  and  the  privileges  defend  me  from  many  dangers  oi 
which  I  fear  to  be  devoured  daily.  As  you  commanded  me,  I  have 
set  down  my  services  in  writing,  which  I  deferred  till  now,  attending 
the  coming  of  Sir  Thomas  Morton,  which  is  not  yet.  [f  p.']  En- 
closed, 

15.  I.  StateTnent  by  Thomas  JDymolce  of  his  former  military  ser- 
vices. He  commenced  life  as  a  volvmteer  at  the  siege  of 
Bergen-op-Zoom ;  that  finished,  he  served  under  Gapt. 
Francis  Woodhouse  in  Friesland ;  then  at  Breda  under 
Gapt.  Ogle;  under  Sir  Edward  Fleetwood  in  Gount 
Mansfield's  expedition;  and, finally,  in  the  Isle  of  Rh4, 
in  a  regiment  of  Irish,  under  Sir  Ralph  Bingley,  all  of 
vjhom  were  killed  save  seven,  he  himself  being  taken 
prisoner.  Requests  a  company  in  Hull,  Newcastle,  or 
Garlisle.     [2  pp.'\ 

Sept.  26.  16.  Henry  Mellor,  Mayor  of  Derby,  to  Sec.  Coke.  The  beginning 
Derby.  of  this  year,  when  I  was  one  of  the  bailiffs  of  Derby,  I  received  a 
writ,  with  instructions  for  the  raising  of  V751.  for  ship-money,  at 
which  time  our  town  being  sore  visited  with  plague  we  petitioned  for 
mitigation.  The  sum  was  abated  to  120J.,  which  we  assessed,  and 
paid  in  60Z.,  and  lately  30i.  more,  a  great  part  out  of  my  own  purse. 
Our  charter  being  altered  from  bailiffs  to  a  mayor,  I  am  informed 
that  I  cannot  by  virtue  of  the  said  writ  either  distrain  or  imprison 
for  the  money  unpaid.  On  behalf  of  the  town,  I  present  our  case 
to  your  consideration,  praying  for  directions,  or  that  a  sergeant-at- 
arms  may  be  sent  down  to  attach  the  refractory.  I  beseech  you  to 
take  our  poor  town  into  consideration  if  there  be  any  further  occa- 
sion for  ship-money,  for  there  is  not  ore  word  in  the  enclosed 
petition  but  we  are  able  to  make  good.  The  inequality  of  the 
assessment,  whereby  175^.  is  imposed  upon  this  town,  is  so  great, 
that  I  presume  the  like  is  not  elsewhere.     [1  p^     Enclosed, 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  31 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCVIII. 


16.  I.  Copy  petition  of  the  bailiffs  and  burgesses  of  Derby  to  the 
King.  Complain  of  the  assessment  of  1751.  for  ship- 
money,  and  pray  to  be  spared  altogether  or  reduced  to 
1201.     [i  p.] 

16.  II.  The  Council  to  the  Sheriff  of  co.  Derby.  In  regard  of  the 
present  suffering  of  Derby  we  recommend  that  the  assess- 
ment m,ay  be  reduced  from  1751.  to  1 20l.  for  this  year 
only.    8th  November  1637.     [Copy.     J  p.] 

Sept.  26.  17.  Sir  James  Douglas  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Eumour  tliat  Winde- 
Berwick.  bank  was  dead,  and  advertisement  received  that  day  of  his  recovery. 
On  the  21st  instant  the  presbytery  of  Chirinsayd  [Chirnside]  con- 
vened for  choosing  commissioners  for  a  general  assembly.  It  was 
agitated  by  the  moderator  whether  or  not  secular  men  should  be 
chosen  as  commissioners  to  assist  the  minister;  the  moderator 
is  Alexander  Keneir.  This  proposition  displeased  the  Earl  Home 
much,  so  he  was  no  more  to  be  heard  of;  and  there  were 
chosen  commissioners  George  Reuil  [J],  Thomas  Ramsay,  and 
Walter  Swinton.  In  all  the  presbytery  there  are  not  three  more 
ignorant  or  malicious  men,  and  for  one  of  them  I  have  public  testi- 
mony under  a  notary's  hand  of  his  being  forsworn  in  a  business 
betwixt  him  and  myself  long  ago ;  and  everywhere  there  are  none 
picked  out  for  this  business  but  the  most  ignorant  wilful  heads  in 
the  presbyteries.  The  Earl  Home  is  made  choice  of  for  the  seculars 
in  Chirinsayd  parish.  I  expect  before  this  comes  to  your  hand  you 
will  hear  the  good  success  of  all.  P.S. — He  who  carries  the  running 
post  letters  betwixt  Berwick  and  Edinburgh  plays  the  rogue  with 
all  the  letters  that  come  from  Edinbiirgh  to  me,  so  I  have  prohibited 
any  to  write  to  me  that  way.     [2  pp."] 

Sept.  26.  18.  News  letter  from  Scotland,  narrating  the  sum  of  proceedings 
in  that  country  between  the  Covenanters  and  the  King,  from  the 
7th  August  till  the  26th  September,  stated  in  the  endorsement  to 
have  been  "  found  amongst  Mr.  Allen's  papers."  The  principal  part 
of  this  paper  relates  to  the  events  which  happened  immediately  after 
the  second  return  of  the  Marquess  of  Hamilton  to  Scotland  as  the 
King's  commissioner, — the  withdrawal  of  the  Service  Book,  Book 
of  Canons,  High  Commission,  and  Five  Articles  of  Perth, — the  setting 
up  the  Confession  of  Faith  of  1 580  as  a  substitute  for  the  Covenant 
recently  entered  into  ;  with  the  proclamation  of  a  general  assembly 
to  meet  at  Glasgow  on  the  21st  November  next,  and  a  parliament 
at  Edinburgh  on  the  15th  May  1639.  There  follows  an  account  of 
the  protestation  of  the  Covenanters  against  the  royal  proclamations, 
the  protestation  not  being  as  yet  come  forth  in  print,  because  the 
royal  proclamations  were  to  be  published  first ;  but  the  supplicants 
(as  the  Covenanters  are  here  called)  "  have  sent  a  compend  of  their 
protestation  to  each  borough,  .  .  .  whereof  receive  a  copy,  with 
Certaiu  Reasons  why  none  that  have  subscribed  our  late  Covenant 
ought  to  subscribe  this  politic  confession,  wherein  it  is  to  be  feared 
(though  not  as  yet)  many  of  the  Council  have  played  with  religion 
to  please  the  King.  .  .  .     The  supplicants  all  take  course  to  go 


32  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 


through  the  whole  kingdom  to  impede  the  people  from  subscribing 
that  their  confession,  lest  unawares  they  should  fall  with  them  in  the 
like  danger."     [2^  pp."} 

Sept.  27.        19.  John  Windebank  to  his  father,  Sec.  Windebank.     Has  been 
Fetcham.     prevented  waiting  upon  him  by  the  sad  and  severe  illness  of  his 
brother.    [Latin.     1  p.] 

Sept.  27.  20.  Edward  Earl  of  Dorset  to  [Sec.  Windebank].  It  is  his 
llajesty's  pleasure  that  you  send  for  those  men  who  surreptitiously 
obtained  judgment  at  law  against  Captain  Crispe,  Slaney,  and  their 
associates,  and  demand  of  them  submission  to  what  award  the  King 
shall  malce,  for  his  Majesty,  in  respect  of  the  consequence  which  this 
particular  may  beget  to  the  prejudice  of  the  accommodation  made 
upon  the  peace  lately  concluded  with  France,  is  pleased  to  hear  it  in 
person,  and  to  that  purpose  has  suspended  the  execution  of  that  ill- 
grounded  sentence.  In  case  you  find  them  refractory,  you  are  to 
inform  his  Majesty  that  it  may  be  remanded  to  the  Court  of 
Requests  to  receive  determination  according  to  justice.  I  hope,  as 
you  are  beginning  to  recover,  we  shall  shortly  see  you  here.  P.S. — 
The  Delphian  Oracle,  or  rather  the  Sphinx,  is  to  deliver  his  verdict 
this  day  on  Polhill's  cause,  I  mean  Sir  Henry  Marten,  who  will  not 
put  his  opinion  in  writing,  but  only  verbally,  which  you  know  how 
subject  it  is  to  a  dubious  interpretation,  wherefore  I  hope  the  King 
will  enforce  him  to  set  down  his  conception  so  as  the  adverse  party 
may  be  enabled  to  reply.     [4  pp.] 

Sept.  28.  AgTeemenfc  between  Sir  Edward  Littleton  of  Henley,  co.  Salop, 
Solicitor-General,  of  the  one  part,  and  Adam  Littleton  of  Stoke 
Milborough  in  the  same  county,  of  the  other  part,  made  on  the 
niai-riage  of  Thomas  Littleton,  son  of  the  said  Adam,  and  Anne, 
daughter  of  Sir  Edward.  Sir  Edward  agrees  to  pay  to  Adam  Little- 
ton 2,000Z.  at  Michaelmas  1841,  and  Adam  settles  upon  Thomas  and 
Anne  a  rentcharge  out  of  all  his  lands  of  140^.  during  the  life  of 
Frances  Littleton,  widow,  mother  of  the  said  Thomas,  and  uponpaj-- 
ment  of  the  said  2,000i.  another  rentcharge  of  2001.  during  the  life  of 
the  said  Adam,  to  commence  after  the  death  of  the  said  Frances,  and 
also  to  settle  upon  the  said  Thomas  and  Anne  and  their  issue,  after 
the  death  of  the  said  Adam  and  Awdrey  his  wife,  all  his  lands  in 
Munslow  and  Diddlebury,  and  elsewhere  in  Salop.  [Skin  of  parch- 
ment.    See  Case  E.,  Gar.  I.,  No.  6.] 

Sept.  28.  21.  Account  of  payments  made  [in  the  Exchequer]  under  writs 
of  privy  seal  and  other  warrants  to  the  several  persons  therein 
named,  from  Easter  term  1638  to  this  day.  Total  76,608J.  Oi.  O^d. 
mpp.] 

Sept.  29.         22.  Order  of  Council.     Recites  certificate  of  Sir  Henry  Marten  as 

Hampton  Court,  to  the  cause  of  tlie  scarcity  of  oysters,  calendared  under  date  of  6tli 

July  last.  No.  23.     It  was  ordered  that  no  oysters  be  henceforth 

taken   off  the   common   oyster   grounds  in   Essex   or   Kent  until 

they  have  twice  shot,  and  shall  come  to  wear  and  half  wear.     That 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  33 


1638.  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

no  person  barrel  any  oysters  but  those  of  Colchester,  Brightlingsea, 
Colne,  and  Pont,  and  other  places  where  the  best  green  oysters  are 
bred.  That  no  person  buy  oysters  to  sell  again,  until  they  be 
brought  to  the  quays  at  London  or  elsewhere  where  common  markets 
have  used  to  be  for  oysters.  That  no  oysters  be  exported  but  only 
for  the  provision  of  the  Queen  of  Bohemia  and  the  Prince  of  Orange. 
That  no  oystermen  be  permitted  to  dredge  for  oysters  in  Essex  or 
Kent  at  prohibited  times.  Lastly,  that  the  Lord  High  Admiral 
require  the  Judge  of  the  Admiralty  and  also  his  vice-admirals  and 
other  officers  of  the  Admiralty  to  see  these  orders  observed.    \_Copy. 

H  ■pp-'] 

Sept.  29,  23.  Order  of  Council.  John  Apsley,  executor  of  Sir  Allen  Apsley, 
showed  that  the  King  in  March  last  gave  warrant  for  a  commission 
for  passing  Sir  Allen  Apsley's  accounts,  which  upon  petition  of  some 
of  Sir  Allen's  creditors,  as  John  Apsley  conceives,  was  stopped  at 
the  Great  Seal,  since  which  time,  being  ordered  to  pass  the  same  in 
the  ordinary  way  of  accounts  in  the  Exchequer,  he  endeavoured  to  do 
so,  but  cannot  without  some  special  warrant,  because  the  accounts 
for  1626  and  1627  ought  to  be  signed  by  four  commissioners,  and 
petitioner  can  get  only  three,  and  therefore  he  besought  that  the 
commission  at  the  Great  Seal  m&y  proceed,  or  the  King  be  moved 
for  a  new  commission,  or 'to  give  warrant  for  allowing  the  accounts 
between  his  Majesty  and  Sir  Allen,  not  yet  allowed.  The  Lords 
finding  this  a  business  of  importance  appointed  to  consider  it  the 
third  sitting  in  next  term.     [Braft.     1  p.] 

Sept.  29.  24.  The  like.  The  musicians,  her  Majesty's  servants,  born 
in  foreign  parts,  showed  that  notwithstanding  they  were  exempt 
under  letters  of  Privy  Seal  from  all  sorts  of  subsidies  and  impositions, 
J  et  they  do  not  refuse  to  pay  any  reasonable  duties,  but  not  only 
for  ship-money  but  also  for  the  poor,  scavengers,  watching,  ward- 
ing, &c.,  they  are  commonly  overcharged  in  respect  of  other  richer 
parishioners.  It  was  ordered  that  the  officers  in  the  parishes  vbere 
petitioners  live  take  care  that  they  be  rated  indifferently.  [_I)raft. 
Ip.-] 

Sept.  29.  25.  The  like.  Joshua  Gosselin,  on  behalf  of  John  de  Quitevill  and 
others,  showed  that  the  Lords  referred  a  difference  between  Quitevill 
and  John  Blanch  to  the  Lord  Privy  Seal  and  the  Earl  of  Derby, 
who  appointed  a  day  for  both  parties  to  appear,  which  has  been 
signified  to  the  son  of  Blanch.  He  for  a  colour  to  procure  his  father's 
liberty,  now  in  prison  in  Guernsey,  pretends  that  he  is  not  sufficiently 
authorized  nor  instructed,  but  in  regard  Blanch  the  son  came  over 
to  maintain  his  father's  pretended  right,  petitioner  besought  the 
Lords  that  their  order  might  take  effect.  The  Lords  declared  that 
they  would  neither  write  letters  nor  make  any  further  reference  till 
the  referees  should  have  certified  their  opinions.     [Draft     1  j3.] 

Sept,  29i  26.  The  like.  William  Moore,  mariner,  showed  that,  being  com- 
plained of  by  John  Simpson,  mariner,  for  uttering,  speeches  upon  the 

13.  C 


34  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 


coast  of  Turkey  against  his  Majesty,  upon  examination  before 
Nathaniel  Snape,  justice  of  peace,  he  was  committed  to  prison  and 
the  examiuation  sent  to  the  Attorney-General,  who  directed  that 
bond  should  be  taken  for  petitioner's  appearance  before  Sir  Henry 
Marten,  Judge  of  the  Admiralty,  which  was  accordingly  done. 
Siuce  which  Simpson  having  laboured  to  have  a  private  agreement, 
petitioner  being  not  willing  to  hearken  thereunto,  Simpson  threatens 
to  cause  him  to  be  brought  before  the  Lords  in  custody.  In  regard 
that  the  complaint  proceeds  from  mere  malice,  petitioner  besought 
that  he  might  be  spared  attendance  upon  the  Board.  The  Lords 
understanding  that  the  matter  is  before  the  .Judge  of  the  Admiralty, 
require  him  to  cause  proceedings  to  be  had  with  expedition.    [Drafl. 

Sept.  29.        27.  Draft  minute  of  the  said  order,     [^  ^.] 

Sept.  29.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Upon  petition  of  Philip  Bourne, 
Hampton  Court,  messenger,  the  Attorney-General  is  prayed  to  call  before  him  the 
parties  complained  of,  and  to  take  measures  to  make  them  conform, 
or  otherwise  to  punish  the  refractory,  and  to  direct  how  petitioner 
may  be  satisfied  his  fees.  {Draft  'nvi/nute.  Written  on  the  same 
paper  as  the  preceding.     ^  p.J 

Sept.  29.  The  like.  On  petition  of  John  Bryet,  the  Lords  pray  the  Lord 
Privy  Seal  to  call  petitioner  and  the  parties  complained  of  before 
him,  and  upon  examination  of  the  truth  of  this  complaint  to  certify 
the  Board  what  he  conceives  fit  to  be  done  therein.  [Brafi  minute. 
Ibid.     ^  p.J 

Sept.  29.  The  like.  [William]  Walker  to  give  bond  with  one  surety  in 
100?.  to  attend  the  Council  within  six  days  after  notice  left  at  his 
house  in  Hardingstone,  co.  Northampton.  In  the  meantime  to  repair 
to  the  sheriff  of  that  county  and  perform  warrants  for  the  shipping 
business.     [Draft  minute.    Ibid.    ^  p."] 

Sept.  29.  The  like.  Further  order  in  the  case  of  the  said  William  Walker, 
described  as  high  constable  of  Wymersley,  co.  Northampton,  and  com- 
plained of  for  insolent  words  spoken,  touching  the  shipping  business. 
The  Attorney-General  is  to  examine  him  and  to  report  what  course 
is  fit  to  be  taken  against  him.  After  examination,  Walker  is  to 
repair  to  the  sheriff  of  co.  Northampton  as  above  directed.  [Draft 
minute.    Ibid.    |  j3.] 

Sept.  29.  The  like.  The  Attorney-General  to  examine  Francis  Sawyer,  of 
[Hampton  Kettering,  co.  Northampton,  complained  of  for  insolent  behaviour 
°"  ■-'  and  for  rescuing  a  distress  taken  for  ship-money,  and  to  consider 
the  answer  of  Sawyer,  and  to  send  for  Drewry  and  the  other  bailiff, 
and  upon  examination  of  them  to  take  such  course  as  he  shall  think 
fit.  Sawyer  having  given  bond  to  attend  the  Council  upon  six  days' 
notice,  after  examination  taken  he  is  to  be  discharged,  [Draft 
mmute.    Ibid,    ^p.] 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  35 


■^(538_  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

Sept.  29.  28.  The  Council  to  Hugh  Peachy,  messenger.  To  bring  before 
the  Lords  Richard  Stanton,   of  Ripley,  Surrey.      {Draft  minute. 

Sept.  29.  29.  The  same  to  the  Commissioners  of  Sewers  of  the  East  Riding 
in  CO.  York.  A  petition  has  been  presented  to  the  Council  in  the 
name  of  the  inhabitants  of  Drypool,  showing  that  the  town  being 
nigh  the  Humber,  the  banks  are  not  sufficient  to  make  resistance 
without  continual  charge  of  reparation,  which  is  so  great  that  it  has 
often  taken  up  the  yearly  value  of  the  lordship,  and  greater  breaches 
growing,  petitioners  will  be  enforced  to  leave  their  town,  and  the 
King's  forts  at  HuH  will  be  left  to  the  apparent  danger  of  being 
overflowed,  for  prevention,  suit  is  made  that  order  may  be  given 
for  bringing  in  such  part  of  the  Level  as  by  law  is  liable  to  the 
said  reparations.  The  Board  does  not  think  fit  to  judge  whether 
any  or  what  part  of  the  said  Level  be  liable  to  the  said  reparations, 
but  recommends  it  to  you  as  a  matter  of  importance  to  be  deter- 
mined at  your  next  sessions  of  Sewers.     {Draft.     1  ^.] 

Sept.  29.  30.  Minute  for  entry  on  Council  Register  of  the  appearance  of 
Thomas  Foote,  of  Lawrence  Walton  [Waltham  St,  Laurence],  co. 
Berks,  sent  for  by  warrant  for  default  at  musters.    {Draft.    3  ttmes.] 

Sept.  29.  31.  The  like  of  William  King,  of  Chalgrave,  William  Partridge, 
and  John  Shemeld,  of  Woburn,  co.  Bedford,  who  upon  certificate  of 
the  sheriff  were  discharged.     {Draft.     4  Imes^ 

Sept.  29.  32.  Certificate  of  Nicholas  Stoughton,  under-sheriff  of  Surrey,  that 
William  Cheeke,  of  Thames  Ditton,  had  paid  8s.  8d,  the  amount  of  a 
joint  assessment  upon  Capt.  Wyld  and  the  said  Cheeke  for  ship-money. 
{Draft,     ip.-] 

Sept.  29.  33.  Account  of  Sir  William  Russell  of  ship-money  for  1637. 
Total  received,  13,2879?.  19s.  id.;  unpaid,  63,534?.  8s.  7d.     [1  23.] 

Sept.  29.  34.  Account  of  ship-money  levied  for  1637  and  in  the  hands  of 
the  sheriffs;  being  4,724?.,  which  with  132,879?.  paid  to  Sir  William 
Russell  makes  a  total  collected  of  1 37,603?.     [1  p.'] 

Sept.  29.  35.  Abstract  of  [articles  received  into  the  Wardrobe  of  Robes] 
from  Michaelmas  1637  tiU.  Michaelmas  1638.     [i  p.] 

Sept.  29.  36.  Account  of  total  receipts  for  impositions  in  the  port  of  Lon- 
don outwards  from  Michaelmas  1637  till  Michaelmas  1638  with 
payments  thereout.  Total  receipts,  19,215?.  14s.  8i(i.;  payments, 
16,084?.;  leaving  due,  3,131?.  14s.  8|c?. ;  2,000?.  of  which  was  subse- 
quently paid  on  the  14th  February  1638-9.     [i  p.] 

Sept.  29.  37.  Like  account.  The  receipts  being  the  same,  19,215?.  14s,  8id, 
but  the  payments  on  account  18,961?.  los.  Od.     [f  p.] 

Sept.  29.  38.  Account  rendered  by  a  person  unnamed  of  the  produce  of 
some  estate.     Received,  162?.  7s.  Od.;  disbursed,  7?.  9s.  Od     [1  p.] 

c  2 


36  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  VO..CCCXCIX. 

Sept.  30.  39.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Having  heard  Sir  John 
Hampton  Court.  Man  wood,  Lieutenant  of  Dover  Castle,  and  the  mayor  and  jurats 
of  Dover,  touching  keeping  the  boom  in  Dover  Harbour,  and  what 
fee  is  fit  to  be  allowed  for  the  same,  it  was  ordered  that  the  boom 
shall  be  in  the  charge  of  the  Lord  Warden  of  the  Cinque  Ports,  the 
fee  to  be  determined  by  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington, 
and  the  Lord  Warden  and  the  Lieutenant  of  Dover  Castle  are  re- 
quired to  take  care  that  the  fee  be  not  exceeded,  and  that  the  boom 
be  so  well  attended  that  merchants  have  no  cause  to  complain. 
[Copy.     li^.] 

Sept.  30.  40.  Another  copy  with  the  names  of  the  Lords  present  in  Council. 
[1^.] 

Sept.  30.  41.  The  like.  There  having  been  several  days  appointed  for 
determining  by  battle  the  question  of  right  between  Claxton,  de- 
mandant, and  Lilborne,  tenant,  for  lands  in  co.  Durham,  and  by  the 
last  appointment  the  same  is  to  be  tried  by  the  champions  of  the 
parties  on  the  22nd  of  December  next,  it  was  ordered  that  the 
judges  of  that  circuit  take  the  case  into  consideration,  and  if  they 
can  find  any  just  way  by  law  how  the  combat  may  be  put  off  and 
the  cause  put  into  another  way  of  trial,  his  Majesty  would  have  it 
so,  but  otherwise,  since  Lilborne  has  had  a  judgment  upon  a  de- 
murrer against  Claxton,  and  has  had  costs  for  his  vexation,  and  since 
that  Claxton  has  brought  a  new  action  upon  which  Lilborne  has 
waged  battle,  his  Majesty  will  not  deny  the  trial  of  law,  if  it  may 
not  be  legally  prevented.     [Braft.     1  p.'] 

Sept.  30.        42.  The  like.     The  general  muster  of  the  trained  bands  for  the 

Hampton  Court,  city  of  London  shall  be  once  every  year,  upon  some  day  appointed 

by  the  Lord  Mayor  between  the  last   of  March  and   20th  of  April, 

but  for  the  present  his  Majesty  is  pleased  that  a  general  muster  be 

forborne  until  the  time  prefixed.     [_I)raft.     |p.] 

Sept.  30.  43.  The  like.  The  difference  between  directions  heretofore  given 
Hampton  Court,  to  the  Lord  Keeper,  some  from  his  Majesty  and  some  by  the  Council, 
having  been  an  occasion  to  retard  the  service,  it  was  ordered  for 
settling  the  same,  that  the  Lord  Keeper  issue  commissions  to  the 
Earl  Marshal,  Earl  of  Dorset,  Sec.  Windebank,  Sir  Henry  Spiller, 
Inigo  Jones,  surveyor  of  works,  John  Heme,  Lawrence  Whitaker,  and 
George  Long.  One  of  the  said  commissions  for  examining  the  abuses 
of  the  brick  and  tile  makers,  the  other  the  abuses  of  the  bricklayers, 
the  commissioners  proceeding  so  that  his  Majesty's  duty  arising 
from  the  corporation  of  brickmakers  be  not  impeached,  but  that 
especial  care  be  taken  for  true  making  brick  and  tile,  and  that  the 
prices  do  not  exceed.     [Drq/it.     ]  p.] 

Sept.  SO.        44.  Copy  of  the  same.     [1 J  ^.j 

Sept.  30.        45.  The  like.     Order  for  examination   of  Francis   Sawyer,  of 
Hampton  Court,  Kettering,  CO.  Northampton,  whereof  a  draft  minute  has  been  already 
calendared  under  the  date  of  the  29th  September  inst.     [1  p.] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  37 


1538  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

Sept.  30.  46.  Examination  of  the  said  Francis  Sawyer,  taken  before  the 
Attorney-General,  in  explanation  of  the  rescue  and  assault  already 
mentioned  in  the  certificate  of  Roger  Booth  and  Samuel  Linell, 
calendared  under  date  of  the  6th  inst..  No.  19,  and  of  William 
Drewry  and  William  Carter,  of  the  8th  inst..  No.  31.  He  alleges 
that  Drewry  took  up  an  axe  to  strike  at  him,  whereupon  examinant's 
wife  coming  out  of  the  house,  and  being  great  with  child,  cried, 
"  Thou  rogue  !  Wiltst  thou  kiE  my  husband  ?  "  and  took  up  a  hand- 
saw, and  struck  Drewry  upon  the  head  behind  his  back,  whereat 
Drewry  threw  away  the  axe,  and  said,  "  Now  it  is  as  I  would  have 
it ! "  Sawyer  confesses  that  he  kept  his  horse,  and  would  not  suffer 
him  to  be  carried  away.     [1  p.~\ 

Sept.  30.  Similar  examination  of  William  Walker,  high-constable  of  Wym- 
ersley,  co.  Northampton.  Denies  that  he  complained  of  the  burthen 
laid  upon  the  kingdom  by  ship-money,  or  that  he  spoke  of  the  news 
of  Scotland,  or  said  that  he  believed  the  ship-money  would  do  the 
like  here  in  England  ere  it  were  long,  or  that  the  King  was  under 
a  law  as  well  as  a  subject.  [  Written  on  the  same  paper  as  the 
preceding.     |  p.'] 

Sept.  30.  47.  The  Council  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London.  His  Majesty  and 
Hampton  Court,  tjiig  Board  have  been  acquainted  by  Lord  Cottington  that  the  King's 
pleasure  being  by  him  signified  to  you  for  removing  the  great  an- 
noyance that  is  given  by  Moor  Ditch,  you  undertook  that  it  should 
be  set  in  hand  and  finished  in  the  time  of  your  mayoralty,  there 
being  a  good  sum  of  money  levied  for  that  work  above  two  years 
since.  Complaint  has  again  been  made  that  there  has  nothing  been 
done,  but  that  the  annoyance  has  grown  to  be  far  more  noisome. 
We  are  to  let  you  know  that  his  Majesty  takes  very  ill  your  so 
great  neglect  in  performance  of  his  command  and  your  own  engage- 
ment. Albeit  we  cannot  hope  you  can  now  absolutely  remove  that 
annoyance  in  your  time  of  government  of  the  city,  yet  you  are  forth- 
with to  cause  an  entrance  to  be  made  and  to  put  it  into  a  good  way 
to  be  finished,  that  his  Majesty  and  the  Board  be  no  more  troubled. 
[Draft.     2  pp.'] 

Sept.  30.  48.  The  same  to  the  Judges  of  Assize  for  Somerset.  The 
Hampton  Court,  parishioners  of  Weston  Zoy land  complain  that  the  parishioners  of 
Middlezoy  and  other  adjacent  parishes  have,  contrary  to  precedent, 
assessed  Thomas  Crompton  towards  ship-money  for  the  parsonage 
and  tithes  of  Weston  Zoyland  with  those  of  Middlezoy  and  others 
which  belong  to  that  parsonage,  but  have  never  been  rated  but  with 
Weston  parish.  We  pray  you  to  settle  a  course  for  equal  rating  the 
said  parishes  for  all  public  payments.     [Draft.     1  p.} 

Sept.  30.  49.  Order  of  Council.  With  reference  to  the  above-mentioned 
complaint  of  the  parishioners  of  Weston  Zoyland  it  is  ordered  that 
for  this  time  they  should  pay  the  rate  set  upon  them  for  the  shipping 
business,  and  at  the  next  assizes  attend  the  judges  to  whom  the  Lords 
have  referred  the  indifferent  rating  of  those  parishes.     [Draft,  f  p.} 


38  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 


Sept.  30.  50.  The  Council  to  the  Judges  of  Assize  for  Dorset.  Since  our 
letter  of  the  24th  we  have  received  a  certificate  from  Mr.  Hollis,  Sir 
Thomas  Trenchard,  &c.,  in  the  business  between  Mr.  Lawrence  and 
Thomas  Devonish,  but  in  regard  we  have  already  commended  the 
examination  thereof  to  you,  we  hold  it  not  fit  to  give  order  therein, 
but  send  you  the  said  certificate  and  a  petition  of  Devonish  that 
you  may  either  settle  the  difference  or  return  certificate  to  the 
Lords.     [Drap.     f  ^.] 

Sept.  30.  51.  The  same  to  Sir  John  Evelyn,  Robert  Hide,  of  Hatch,  John 
Penruddock,  Robert  Hide,  Recorder  of  Sarum,  and  John  Bowles, 
Justices  of  Peace  in  Wilts.  Roger  Bedbury,  postmaster  of  Sarum, 
has  abused  the  country  thereabouts  and  the  Secretary  of  State's 
warrant  which  empowers  him  upon  extraordinary  occasions  for  the 
King's  service  to  take  up  horses,  but  he  makes  it  his  practice  when 
there  is  no  such  service  to  send  weekly  for  eight  or  ten  horses,  and 
either  lets  them  to  hire  or  keeps  them  at  his  inn  to  gain  by  their 
standing  there,  or  discharges  them  for  money;  for  which  great 
abuse  we  hold  it  necessary  that  there  be  some  speedy  and  exemplary 
punishment  inflicted,  and  require  you  to  take  examination  and 
certify  the  same  to  this  Board.     \_Draft.     2  pp.} 

Sept.  30.  52.  The  same  to  the  Lord  Lieutenant  of  co.  Durham  [sio\.  His 
Hampton  Court.  Majesty  has  sent  to  Kingston-upon  Hull  and  Newcastle  40  lasts  of 
powder  with  match  and  bullet,  that  such  of  his  subjects  as  are 
desirous  may  purchase  the  same.  You  are  to  let  that  county  and 
the  corporations  therein  know  his  Majesty's  care,  and  that  you  may 
make  further  use  of  it  as  there  shall  be  occasion,  [Probably  this 
letter  was  superseded  by  one  to  the  same  effect  addressed  to  the 
bishop.     Ip.] 

Sept.  30.  63.  Copy  of  the  same  with  memorandum  that  letters  of  similar 
effect  were  addressed  to  the  Lords  Lieutenant  of  Northumberland, 
Cumberland,  and  Westmoreland,  as  well  as  to  Durham.     [1  p^ 

Sept.  30.        Another  copy.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.2'3.     1  p.] 

Sept.  30.        54.  Order  of  Council.     His  Majesty  has  referred  to  this  Board 

Hampton  Court,  the  petitions    of  George  Henley  and  Nicholas  Polhill  touching  a 

complaint  made  against  them  by  the  Dutch  West  India  Company. 

The  Lords  appoint  to  hear  the  business  on  the  10th  of  October. 

[Draft.     1  p.] 

Sept.  30.  55.  The  Council  to  the  Mayor  of  Colchester.  We  are  informed 
that  a  principal  cause  of  the  scarcity  of  oysters  is  that  persons  are 
licensed  by  you  to  dredge  for  oysters  in  the  water  of  Colne  at 
unseasonable  times.  His  Majesty  is  very  sensible  of  your  want  of 
better  government  in  this  particular,  and  you  are  to  take  order  that 
no  persons  be  suffered  to  dredge  for  oysters  within  your  jurisdiction 
at  times  prohibited  or  when  oysters  spat.  [Draft,  with  note  that 
there  was  a  similar  letter  to  the  mayor  of  Maldon  for  the  water  of 
Pont.    1  p.] 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  39 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 


Sept.  30.  56.  The  Council  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London.  The  King  being 
Hampton  Court,  acquainted  that,  notwithstandiug  frequent  orders,  the  house  at  the  end 
of  the  church  of  St.  Michael  le  Querne  is  still  suflFered  to  stand,  we 
are  to  let  you  know  that  he  expected  that  you  had  compounded 
with  the  man  who  now  possesses  the  said  house,  and  that  it  had  been 
long  since  pulled  down.  He  requires  you  without  further  delay  to 
satisfy  the  owner,  and  to  cause  it  to  be  taken  down,  and  the  conduit  or 
fountain  adjoining  the  church  to  be  left  according  to  the  former 
orders.     {Draft,    f  p.'\ 

Sept.  30.  57.  Council  of  War  to  Sir  Robert  Pye.  To  draw  order  by  virtue 
of  Privy  Seal  of  26th  July,  for  issuing  to  John  Quarles,  merchant, 
10,000^.  upon  account,  for  arms  for  2,000  arquebusiers,  with  pistols 
and  carabines.     \I)raft.     \  ^.] 

[Sept.  30.]       Another  copy.     \8ee  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  24.     f  p.] 

Sept.  30.  58.  Minute  for  entry  on  the  Council  Register  of  warrant  of  the 
Council  for  Mr.  HUl,  his  Majesty's  auditor  of  North  and  South 
Wales,  with  the  receivers  of  the  same  and  their  clerks  and  servants, 
who  are  shortly  to  go  into  those  parts  for  keeping  his  Majesty's 
audits,  to  be  lodged  and  billeted  in  private  houses  clear  from  in- 
fection, paying  for  what  they  take  at  reasonable  prices,  and  with  a 
clause  of  assistance.     [Draft,     f  p.J 

Sept.  30.  59.  The  like  to  Richard  Charnock,  Stephen  Harrison,  Thomas 
WoodaU,  and  W.  Baker,  to  search  for  soap.     [Draft.     1  j?.] 

Sept.  SO.  60.  The  like  of  Council  pass  for  Sir  Thomas  Hanmer,  of  Hanmer, 
CO.  Flint,  with  his  brother  John  Hanmer,  to  travel  for  three  years, 
with  proviso  not  to  go  to  Rome.     [Minute.     ^  p.J 

Sept.  30.  61.  Draft  entry  of  appearance  before  the  Council  of  Miles  Whit- 
worth,  of  Earls  Barton,  co.  Northampton.  To  remain  in  the 
messenger's  custody.     [4  lines.'] 

Sept.  30.  The  like  of  David  Malcot,  of  Little  Barford,  co.  Bedford.  [  Written 
on  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding,     i  lines.] 

Sept.  30.  62.  The  like  of  discharge  of  David  Malcot,  collector  of  ship-money 
for  Little  Barford,  upon  his  undertaking  to  attend  the  sheriff  of 
Bedford  with  the  moneys  collected,  and  to  return  the  names  of  such 
as  are  behind,  and  in  future  to  perform  such  waiTants  as  he  shall 
receive  from  the  sheriflF.     [^  p.] 

Sept.  30.  63.  The  like  of  discharge  of  Sir  Robert  Wood,  sent  for  by  close 
warrant  for  default  at  musters  in  Berks,  upon  his  undertaking  that 
his  tenants  shall  find  such  arms  for  his  lands  in  Maidenhead  as 
shall  be  enjoined  by  the  Deputy  Lieutenants.     [^  p.] 

Sept.  SO.  64.  Petition  of  John  Johnston,  of  London,  merchant,  to  the 
Council.  In  1634  petitioner  delivered  money  to  Philip  Burlamachi 
to  have  been  paid  in  France,  but  no  payment  was  made,  and  Burla- 
machi becoming  insolvent  requested  four  years'  grace  for  payment 


40  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 

1638 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 


of  2261.   6s.  4ci!.,  being  561.  6s.  7d.  yearly,  which  petitioner  con- 
descended unto,  and  so  much   the  rather    as  verbally  Burlamachi 
promised  consideration  for  forbearance  of  the  money,  which  four 
years  is  expired,  yet  no  payment  made,  although  Burlamachi  lives  at 
a  high  rate,  and  gives  satisfaction  to   no  man,  maintaining  himself 
from  action  under  shelter  of  his  Majesty's  protection.     Petitioner 
prayed  order  to  stop  any  new  protection  tiU  Burlamachi  shall  have 
given  satisfaction.     [-^  p.]     Underwritten, 
64.  I.  Mr.  Burlamachiis  to  taJce  order  for  petitioner's  satisfaction, 
or  to  show  cause  why  there  should  not  be  an  order  entered 
against  him  as  desired.    Hampton  Court,  BOth  September 
1638.     l^p.-] 

Sept.  30.  65.  Petition  of  the  Society  of  Apothecaries  of  London  to  the 
Council.  Petitioners  having  presented  the  Board  with  a  petition 
craving  assistance  for  regaining  their  right  entrenched  upon  bj'  a 
late  charter  of  incorporation  of  the  distillers,  it  was  ordered  that 
Sir  Theodore  Mayerne,  Sir  William  Brouncker,  and  Dr.  Cadiman 
should  see  that  petition,  and  give  in  their  answer  to  the  Board  against 
this  day.  Petitioners  pray  time  to  answer  such  things  as  Sir  Theodore 
and  the  others  urge  for  confirmation  of  their  patent,  in  opposition 
to  his  Majesty's  charter  to  petitioners.     [J  p."] 

Sept.  30.  66.  Petition  of  Sir  Theodore  de  Mayerne,  First  Ph5^sician  to  the 
King  and  Queen,  Sir  William  Brouncker,  one  of  the  Gentlemen  of 
the  Privy  Cbamber,  and  Thomas  Cadyman,  Physician  to  the  Queen, 
to  the  same.  Answer  to  a  petition  of  the  Company  of  Apothecaries, 
presented  the  23rd  September,  in  which  they  complained  of  the  dis- 
tillers, and  especially  of  Sir  Theodore  and  the  two  other  answerers, 
as  having  obtained  a  charter  which  interfered  with  the  charter  granted 
to  the  apothecaries.  The  answer  runs  out  into  a  great  variety  of 
details,  but  the  chief  points  alleged  are,  that  the  charter  granted  to 
the  apothecaries  was  limited  to  the  preparations  in  the  Pharmacopeia 
Londinensis  and  such  others  as  physicians  should  prescribe,  but  that 
the  trade  of  the  distillers  existed  long  before  the  grant  of  the  charter 
to  the  apothecaries,  and  that  the  charters  granted  to  Sir  Theodore 
Mayerne  and  the  others  were  for  new  inventions.  The  Lords  are 
called  upon  to  admonish  the  apothecaries  to  content  themselves  with 
their  proper  trades,  to  speak  with  reverence  of  the  Lords,  to  acknow- 
ledge their  teachers  and  superiors,  the  physicians,  after  a  more 
"  respective  "  manner,  to  think  of  nothing  more  than  to  furnish  their 
shops  well,  and  to  use  diligence  about  their  patients.     [2  J  pp."] 

Sept.  30.        67.  Order  of  Council.     That  a  copy  of  the  answer  above  calen- 

Hainpton  Court,  dared  of  Sir  Theodore  Mayerne  and  the  others  to  the  petition  of  the 

Company  of  Apothecaries  be  delivered  to  the  apothecaries,  and  the 

Lords  appoint  to  hear  the   said  differences  on  tiie  24th  October. 

Sept,  30.        68.  Draft  of  the  same.     [^  ^^.J 


DOIHESTIC — CHAELES  I.  41 


]  ggg^  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

Sept.  30.  Henry  Earl  of  Holland,  Chief  Justice,  and  Justice  in  Eyre  of  the 
Hampton  Court.  Forests  On  this  side  Trent,  to  Sir  Thomas  Trevor,  Baron  of  the  Ex- 
cliequer,  and  Sir  Robert  Berkeley,  Justice  of  the  King's  Bench. 
General  deputation  to  execute  all  things  relating  to  the  Earl's  office 
before  mentioned.  Stated  in  the  margin  to  be  for  adjournment  of 
the  justice  seat  in  Essex.     \Copy.    See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  27.     1  p.] 

Sept.  30.        69.  See  Eetums  made  by  Justices  of  Peace. 

[Sept.  ?]  70.  Petition  of  [Mary]  Lady  Carr,  wife  of  Sir  Robert  Carr.of  Sleaford, 
to  the  King.  Petitioner's  husband  has  obtained  from  your  Majesty 
a  licence  to  travel  for  five  years,  which  is  a  longer  time  of  divorce 
than  has  usually  been  known.  Immediately  before  obtaining  that 
licence  he  made  a  secret  conveyance  of  his  estate  to  strangers,  having 
not  made  any  known  provision  for  the  maintenance  of  herself  and 
her  children.  Aspersions  may  be  laid  upon  petitioner  as  if  she  had 
given  cause  for  this  unnatural  departure.  Prays  that  her  husband 
may  be  stayed  until  she  have  time  to  make  her  innocency  appear, 
and  to  provide  for  the  relief  of  her  children.     [J  p.] 

Sept.  71.  Petition  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Bristol  to  the  same.     By 

your  Majesty's  pleasure,  signified  in  December  1637,  we  are  restrained 
from  granting  any  further  estate  in  the  leases  of  Banwell  and 
Peterston  to  the  intent  they  might  be  ordered  for  the  benefit  of  the 
cathedral  church  and  choir.  Since  then  by  thunder  and  lightning 
a  main  pinnacle  of  the  tower  is  beaten  down,  and  the  tower  itself 
dangerously  shattered,  the  repair  whereof  will  be  a  charge  exceeding 
the  abilities  of  that  poor  cathedral.  Petitioners  pray  for  a  release 
of  the  said  restraint,  that  by  the  fines  of  these  leases  petitioners  may 
be  enabled  to  undergo  the  charge  of  the  said  reparations.     [_%  p.J 

Sept.  72.  Petition  of  Alexander  Jenings    to    the  Council.     Petitioner 

being  a  prisoner  from  28th  June  1636  till  25th  June  1638,  at  the 
latter  date  gave  bond  to  appear  before  the  Lords  the  second 
Friday  in  Michaelmas  Term,  since  which  he  had  accordingly 
attended,  but  had  not  been  called.  Prays  consideration  of  his  long 
imprisonment  and  restraint,  and  order  for  his  discharge.     [|  p.^ 

Sept.  73.  Another  similar  petition  of  the  same  to  the  same.     [^  p.} 

[Sept.  ?]  74.  Petition  of  William  Copley,  of  Gatton,  Surrey,  to  the  King. 
Your  Majesty  referred  to  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  a  former 
petition  complaining  of  an  undue  marriage  made  by  Sir  Richard 
Weston,  of  Sutton,  co.  Surrey,  between  his  younger  son,  George 
Weston,  and  Anne  Copley,  petitioner's  grand-daughter,  to  her  infinite 
prejudice,  by  reason  of  great  disparity  both  in  years  and  estate,  and 
to  the  utter  ruin  of  petitioner's  family,  as  to  the  archbishop  on  the  7th 
inst.  appeared,  when  the  archbishop  according  to  his  Majesty's  order 
of  the  7th  August,  thought  fit  to  sequester  the  young  couple,  and  to 
keep  the  gentlewoman  in  safe  custody,  both  from  Sir  Richard  and 
petitioner,  until  his  grace  might  know  into  whose  hands  to  deliver 
her  until  by  legal  proceedings  further  justice  might  be  had.    Prays 


42  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I, 


_ggg  Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

that  since  Sir  Richard  Weston  excepts  against  petitioner  having  the 
custody  of  the  young  gentlewoman  she  may  be  out  of  Sir  Richard's 
custody,  and  that  she  may  be  put  into  the  hands  of  some  indifferent 
person,  such  as  the  archbishop  shall  make  choice  of,  until  the  con- 
troversy of  the  pretended  marriage  be  ended.     [1  p.] 

[Sept  ?]  75.  [Petition  of  William  Copley,  of  Gatton,  Surrey,  to  the  King.]  Sir 
Richard  Weston  claims  the  custody  of  the  young  gentlewoman  [Anne 
Copley]  as  his  ward.  The  wardship  was  granted  to  Mr.  Townley, 
deceased,  and  not  to  Sir  Richard.  And  whereas  Sir  Richard  pretends 
it  was  to  Mr.  Townley,  in  trust  for  him,  petitioner  can  prove  that 
Mr.  Townley  was  intrusted  for  the  mother,  at  whose  costs  the  ward- 
ships of  her  two  daughters  were  purchased,  not  at  Sir  Richard's,  and 
albeit  the  mother  dying  trusted  Sir  Richard  with  the  custody  of  her  two 
daughters,  yet  this  was  upon  his  promise  that  he  would  never  marry 
this  gentlewoman  to  his  younger  son,  nor  to  any  younger  brother, 
which  trust  Sir  Richard  has  broken,  having  abused  the  court  of 
wards  by  misinformations  that  he  had  her  friends'  consent  to  marry 
her,  whereas  they  were  all  strangers  thereunto,  and  have  ever 
disclaimed  so  injurious  proceedings.  Prays  that  Sir  Richard  may 
not  have  the  gentlewoman  rendered  again  to  him  before  these  con- 
troversies be  determined.     [|  p.] 

Sept.  76.  Petition  of  John  Bodington  to  the  Council.     Petitioner  was 

committed  to  the  Gatehouse,  and  was  examined  by  the  Attorney- 
General,  In  the  examination  mention  being  made  of  words  uttered 
by  his  master  against  Justice  Hutton  in  Westminster  Hall,  he 
declared  that  he  thought  Thomas  Harrison,  his  kinsman  and  master, 
was  of  that  ability  he  neither  would  say  nor  do  anything  but  what 
he  would  justify.  Petitioner  now  sees  his  error  in  not  acknowledging 
his  over-much  boldness  in  so  speaking,  notwithstanding  his  master's 
admonitions  to  the  contrary,  as  also  his  not  hitherto  making  sub- 
mission and  suit  for  pardon,  whereby  his  master  through  great 
discontent  .at  his  rashness  has  almost  shaken  off  his  wonted  affection 
to  him,  that  being  his  only  means  of  subsistence.  Prays  forgiveness 
and  order  for  his  enlargement,  having  suffered  these  many  weeks 
much  hard  endurance,     [f  p.J 

Sept.  77.  Capt.  Thomas  Dymoke  to  Sec.  Windebank.     Reminds  him 

of  a  reference  left  with  him  at  Oatlands ;  requests  that  he  may  be 
received  within  the  lists  of  his  profession.  Sir  Ralph  Bingley,  in 
whose  regiment  he  commanded,  made  a  public  oath  to  see  his 
service  recompensed,  and  the  Duke  [of  Buckingham]  graced  him  above 
a  common  merit,  yet  now  he  stands  rejected  for  want  of  friends  and 
witnesses,  and  no  marvel,  that  colonel  with  his  whole  regiment 
perishing,  and  the  writer  in  the  same  action  being  taken  prisoner. 
Understands  there  are  towns  to  be  garrisoned ;  solicits  a  charge  of 
that  kind.     [1  p.] 

Sept.  78.  Susan  Countess  of  Denbigh  to  the  same.     The  King  com- 

manded me  to  signify  to  you  his  pleasure  that  Mrs.  Care's  [Carey's] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  43 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX. 

man  be  released  before  his  going  to  "Woodstock.     I  pray  you  see 
him  set  free,  for  he  is  very  sick  of  a  fever.     [1  p."] 


Sept.  79.  John  Lobb  to  Sec  Windebank.     Colonel  Goring,  now  absent  on 

Portsmouth,  service  in  the  North,  left  the  care  of  his  command  with  the  writer, 
being  sergeant-major,  of  the  garrison-at  Portsmouth,  with  direction  to 
send  letters  to  him  to  Sec.  Windebank.     [1  p.] 

[Sept.]  80.  Petition  of  Francis  Cheynell,  fellow  of  Merton  College,  Oxford, 

to  Archbishop  Laud,  patron  of  Merton  College.  At  the  visitation 
lately  held  at  Merton  College,  petitioner  gave  answer  to  the  articles 
propounded,  yet  upon  his  sudden  answer  to  some  collateral  questions 
he  was  suspended  by  the  commissioners  for  a  fortnight,  because  he 
refused  to  do  reverence  towards  the  altar  till  the  governors  of  the 
church  should  give  some  public  instructions  in  an  ecclesiastical 
injunction'.  Petitioner  having  submitted  to  their  censure,  and 
being  exactly  conformable  to  the  discipline  of  the  church  established 
by  canon,  desires  leave  to  enjoy  that  liberty  which  the  church  as 
yet  thinks  fit  to  give.     [J  p.J 

[Sept.]  81.  Return  by  the  Mayor  of  St.  Alban's  of  the  names  of  some  of 

the  chief  persons  in  that  town  who  refuse  to  pay  ship-money,     [f  p."] 

[Sept.]  82.  Estimate  of  the  profit  likely  to  accrue  to  a  company  for  the 

manufacture  of  starch,  after  paying  rents  to  the  King  and  the  Earl 
of  Dorset,  amounting  together  to  3,500?.  per  annum.     [|  p."] 

[Sept.]  83.    Certificate    of    the    constables    of    Castor    in   Lindsey,   co. 

Lincoln,  that  they  levied  a  mare  belonging  to  John  Barnard,  an 
attorney,  for  3s.,  part  of  8s.  assessed  for  ship-money.  The  mare 
was  put  into  the  common  pound,  and  the  same  night  Barnard's  man, 
Thomas  Wilson,  broke  the  fold  and  took  out  the  mare.  Barnard 
threatens  an  action  against  them.     [|  p.] 

[Sept.]  84.  List  of  the  sheriffs  for  England  and  Wales  for  1638.     [1  p.] 

[Sept.]  85.  Statement  by  Robert  Toomes  and  Thomas  Cowper  of  persons 

who  had  opposed  them  in  the  collection  of  ship-money  in  co.  North- 
ampton. They  were  Kelomy  Smith,  of  Weedon  Beck  alias  Weedon 
Street,  Thomas  Robins,  of  Buckby  Long,  Roger  Linnell,  of  Wilton, 
and  especially  Edmund  Farmer,  of  Daventry,  who  said  that  he  had 
never  paid  the  money  he  was  taxed  at  and  never  would,  and  that 
it  was  a  good  deed  to  beat  such  drunken,  rascally  rogues  as  they  were 
out  of  the  town.     [|  p.] 

Sept.  86.  Sir  Thomas  Fanshaw  to  the  Council.     According  to  order  of 

the  30th  of  June,  I  and  the  clerk  of  my  office  were  commanded  to 
make  certificate  of  all  debts  assigned  to  his  Majesty  by  any  farmer 
or  other  accountant  in  the  eighth  year  of  the  King's  reign,  and  what 
proceedings  have  been  taken  thereon  and  how  discharged,  and  to 
do  the  liie  for  debts  found  by  inquisition,  all  which  we  have  per- 
formed, the  cause  of  the  conditions  of  some  of  the  bonds  not  being 


44  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCXCIX, 

expressed  is  that  the  suits  being  ended  the  bonds  are  delivered  up. 

[I  pJ]     Annexed, 

86.  I.  The  account  above  mentioned.    [84  leaves,  one  being  blanJc.2 


Vol.  CCCC.    Octobee  1-31,    1638. 


Oct.  1.  1.  Algernon  Earl  of  Northumberland  to  Sir  John  Pennington. 

Sion.  This  day  I  I'eceived  a  signification  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  I 
should  repair  toward  the  sea-side,  to  receive  the  Queen-Mother, 
•who  is  coming  over  in  the  Admiral  of  Holland,  accompanied  with 
three  or  four  other  ships.  1  have  given  order  to  Capt.  Phineas  Pett 
(who  was  accidentally  with  me  here  at  that  time)  to  take  care  that 
my  sea-barge,  together  with  some  other  bold  and  handsome  boats,  be 
sent  down  to  j'ou,  ready  for  that  service.  You  will  not  fail  to  be 
somewhat  yare  in  observing  the  signs  of  her  Majesty's  approach, 
that  you  may  send  the  said  boats  to  the  place  of  her  landing,  whether 
it  be  Dover,  Margate,  or  Deal.  I  hope  to  be  at  Rochester  on 
Wednesday  night,  and  at  Canterbury  on  Thursday,  there  to  stay 
till  I  hear  of  her  Majesty's  landing.  Yours  of  the  26th  September 
requires  no  answer.     [1  p.'] 

Oct.  1.  2.  Denzell  Holies  to  William  Earl  of  Salisbury.     Some  fortnight 

Damerham.  since  your  man  Stillingfleet  brought  me  a  letter  in  your  name  [see 
it  calendared  under  25th  June  1638,  Vol.  cccxciii.  No.,  55]  of  a  very 
ill  composition  in  matter  and  form,  to  which  I  had  returned  an 
answer  sooner  if  sooner  I  had  returned  home.  "  The  style  is  such  as 
I  cannot  believe  yourself  did  dictate  it,  who  better  do  know  how  to 
write  to  the  son  of  one  of  your  own  rank,  nor  do  I  think  but  that 
you  have  so  bred  your  younger  sons  that  there  is  none  of  them  but 
would  stomach  the  receiving  of  such  a  letter.  I  understand  myself 
better,  and  know  what  respect  is  due  to  one  of  my  quality  than  to 
be  well  pleased  with  it,  for  beginning,  middle,  and  end,  inside  and 
outside,  are  all  below  me,  who  am  it  seems  above  your  secretary's 
level,  that  he  knows  not  how  to  write  to  me  in  such  manner  as  is 
fit."  I  perceive  you  are  told  many  untruths,  and  it  seems  you 
hearken  to  them,  which  will  cause  you  lose  good  friends  and  get  ill 
servants.  I  have  been  a  fool  to  bestow  so  much  money,  5001.  with 
the  least,  besides  what  my  father-in-law  had  done  before  me,  which 
was  near  twice  as  much,  to  repair  a  rotten  house  not  fit  for  a  gen- 
tleman to  live  in,  and  to  spend  1,000?.  a  year  upon  a  beggarly 
hundred  pound  farm  of  such  a  landlord's  land,  who  gives  me  so 
little  thanks  for  it,  and  uses  me  with  so  little  respect.  As  to  cutting 
down  trees,  the  writer  gives  a  minute  account  of  how  many  he  had 
cut  down,  for  what  purpose,  and  how  he  had  proceeded  before 
doing  so.  Those  needed  for  rebuilding  a  barn  had  been  selected  and 
felled  by  a  gentleman  who  had  acquaintance  with  building,  with  the 
previous  knowledge  of  Stillingfleet  j  " for  the  others,"  he  states,  "I 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  45 


1638,  Vol.  CCCC. 

did  not  ask  nor  never  will  for  such  a  matter,  therefore  sue  me  when 
you  will,  I  will  confess  the  action,  and  paj'-  the  trespass  as  it  shall 
be  valued,  and  do  it  again  next  time  I  have  need,  for  don't  think  I 
will  run  to  your  officer  at  Cranborne,  or  I  know  not  where,  to  beg 
a  tree  and  tarry  his  pleasure  to  assign  it  me.  I  use  my  own  tenants 
better.  To  a  gentleman,  or  one  I  respect,  I  am  not  so  nippy  a 
landlord  to  stand  strictly  upon  assigning  him  every  tree,  but  so  it  be 
for  needful  reparations,  let  him  take  them  himself,  yet  I  think  my 
quality  and  manner  of  life  may  better  expect  such  favour  and 
freedom  from  you  than  any  of  theirs  can  do  from  me,"  Explains 
how  careful  he  had  been  to  preserve  the  trees  upon  his  farm.  He 
thanks  God  he  can  dwell  upon  his  own  land,  and  is  a  little  too  proud 
to  live  so  upon  alms  for  timber.  "  As  for  the  tops  and  bark,  truly 
it  is  so  poor  a  thing,  and  so  much  below  me,  I  never  so  much  as 
thought  of  it.  I  myself  give  to  my  tenants  above  forty  trees,  and 
yet  scorn  to  take  it ;  only  this  I  can  say,  the  tops  serve  for  firewood 
and  save  so  much  shrouding.  And  now  for  your  last  charge,  which 
is  shrouding  of  trees  for  fuel :  I  have  done  no  more  than  my  lease 
warrants  me ;  all  the  fault  is,  I  have  been  too  sparing,  except  I  had 
more  thanks  for  it.  And  so,  my  Lord,  being  answered,  I  rest,  my 
Lord,  as  you  use  me,  at  your  service,  Denzell  Holles."  [Seal 
with  arms.    SJjjp.] 

Oct.  1.  3.  Receipt  of  Thomas  Welch,  messenger,  for  10  letters  delivered 

to  him  by  Nicholas,  directed  to  the  Lords  Lieutenant  of  cos.  Not- 
tingham, York,  Durham,  Northumberland,  Cumberland,  Westmore- 
land, Lancaster,  Chester,  Stafford,  and  Derby.     [^  |3.] 

Oct.  1.  4.  List   of  papers  to    be   despatched   by   the   Council,  sent   to 

Mr.  Mathews.  Mr.  Murford's  petition.  Letter  from  the  Vice-Pre- 
sident of  York  about  Conisbrough  Iron  Forge.  Sir  Theodore 
Mayeme's  answer  to  the  Apothecaries.  The  States  Ambassador's 
memorial  about  Henley  and  Polhill.  Mr.  Wallinger's  answer  to 
Capt.  Ogle.  Letter  from  Sec.  Windebank  with  the  Spanish  Resi- 
dent's answer  to  Mr.  Newton.  Sir  Dudley  Carleton's  report  touching 
the  Spanish  Resident  and  Mr.  Newton.     [|  ^.] 

Oct.  1.  5.  Bond  of  Francis  Sawyer,  of  Kettering,  co.  Northampton,  gen- 

tleman, and  Samuel  Moore,  of  Northampton,  mercer,  to  the  King  in 
100?.,  conditioned  for  appearance  of  Sawyer  before  the  Council  upon 
six  days'  notice.     [|  p.] 

Oct.  2.  6.  Richard  Chapman,  Mayor  of  Bath,  and  others  to  the  Council. 

Bath,  We  have  received  your  letter  of  the  16th  June,  in  which  it  appears 
that  there  is  found  to  be  in  arrear  of  the  shipping-money  from  Bath, 
for  1636,  lOZ.  By  our  then  instructions  the  city  was  to  pay  70Z.,  but 
William  Bassett,  then  sheriff  of  Somerset,  willed  the  then  mayor  to 
make  a  rate  for  60L  only,  and  that  the  \Ql.  residue  the  hundred  of 
Bath   Forum  would    pay,  for   which   cause    we  paid  in  but  60?. 


46 


DOMESTIC—CHARLES  I. 


1638. 
Oct.  2, 


Oct.  2. 
Dover  Castle. 


Oct.  2. 
Thorpe. 


Oct.  2. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

7.  Petition  of  Edward  Corbett,  one  of  the  Proctors  of  the  Uni- 
versity of  Oxford,  to  Archbishop  Laud,  Chancellor  of  the  University. 
Petitioner  was  wished  by  Mr.  Vice-Chaneellop  in  your  Grace's  name, 
either  to  bow  towards  the  altar  at  the  University  common  prayers, 
or  to  forbear  to  officiate.  From  his  heart  he  loves  the  Church  of 
England,  and  not  only  cheerfully  observes  her  doctrine  and  disci- 
pline, but  would  defend  the  same  with  his  pen  or  blood.  If 
besides  what  is  established,  anything  be  thought  fit  to  be  prac- 
tised, prays  the  archbishop  either  to  order  him  to  do  it,  or  else  to 
leave  hira  to  that  liberty  which  our  religious  King  and  orthodox 
Church  have  allowed.  [J  p.  Endorsed,  "  Sent  up  by  the  Vice- 
Ghancellor,  October  2nd,  1638."] 

8.  Sir  John  Man  wood  to  Nicholas.  I  was  at  Hampton  Court  to 
have  waited  upon  you  about  the  order,  but  understanding  of  the 
Queen-Mother's  coming  over,  and  that  she  would  land  at  Dover,  I 
durst  not  stay,  but  desired  Sir  Anthony  Pell  to  request  you  to 
suspend  shewing  the  King  the  order  till  I  come  up.  Now,  finding 
that  I  must  attend  the  King's  service  here,  I  desire  you  to  give  me 
a  copy  of  the  order  by  the  bearer,  or  that  you  will  shew  it  to 
Mr.  Harbor  [Herbert],  the  Queen's  Attorn ey*  before  it  be  entered, 
and  that  you  would  not  deliver  it  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord 
Cottington  till  I  come  up,  and  to  that  effect  pray  speak  to  the  King, 
for  it  concerns  me  to  inform  the  Lords  of  the  errors  in  the  certificate 
before  they  settle  the  fees.  P.S. — After  the  Queen-Mother  is  come 
over,  and  if  she  do  not  pass  by  Dover,  I  have  business  of  the  King's 
that  will  detain  me  14  days  or  three  weeks.  \_Seal  with  arms. 
2  pp.} 

Nicholas  to  [Edward]  Sherburne.  Cannot  send  him  the  order 
upon  the  East  India  Company's  petition  till  he  has  shewed  it  to 
his  Majesty,  which  could  not  be  till  Sunday  next,  in  regard  the 
King  goes  to-morrow  into  Kent,  and  will  not  be  back  till  Saturday. 
For  the  first  point  of  the  petition  the  King  assured,  the  Company 
that  he  would  appoint  a  committee  to  report  the  business  against 
Mr.  Kynnaston  and  Mr.  Bonneale.  For  the  second  point,  Nicholas 
had  sent  to  Mr.  Courteen  to  attend  his  Majesty  next  Sunday.  His 
Majesty  having  spoken  with  him,  will  give  an  answer  to  that  part 
of  their  petition.  For  the  third  point  his  Majesty  said  that  he 
would  give  the  company  his  countenance  in  all  their  just  petitions. 
[Copy.  Nicholas's  Letter  Booh,  see  Dom,  James  I.,  Vol.  ccxix,, 
p.  168.] 

9.  Petition  of  Thomas  Bowyer,  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Thomas  Bowyer, 
to  the  King.  Upon  petitioner's  former  beseeching  for  competence 
of  livelihood  and  prevention  of  disinherison  endeavoured  by  his 
father  for  petitioner's  intermarrying  with  a  gentlewoman  whose 
portion  fulfilled  not  his  expectation,  your  Majesty  referred  a  media- 
tion therein  to  some  of  the  Council  (see  Vol.  cctilxii.,  Wo.  35.)  The 
Lords  not  prevailing  with  petitioner's  father,  petitioner  is  necessitated 


DOMESTIC! — CHARLES  I.  47 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


to  appeal  herein  to  your  benignity.  There  being  no  other  cause  of 
his  father's  indignation,  petitioner  is  advised  he  ought  not  to  be 
disinherited.  The  dignity  of  baronet  conferred  on  his  father  in 
1629  is  descendible  primo  loco  to  petitioner  and  his  heirs  male,  and 
it  seems  repugnant  to  reason  that  the  estate  which  ought  to  support 
the  dignity  should  be  totally  aliened  from  it,  and  petitioner,  who  by 
your  Majesty's  own  act  is  intended  the  inheritor  of  both,  should 
survive,  utterly  despised,  without  any  provision  of  competency  in 
present  or  future.  Petitioner  hopes  there  are  precedents  for  preven- 
tion of  undeserved  disinherison.  Prays  his  Majesty  to  hear  this  cause, 
and  direct  that  petitioner  and  his  father  (now  in  London)  may  be 
commanded  to  attend.     [-1  ^.]     Underwritten, 

9.  I.  His  Majesty  is  contented  to  hear  this  business  in  person,  and 
petitioner  is  to  attend  one  of  the  Secretaries  of  State  to 
know  xvhat  time  his  Majesty  will  appoint.  Hampton 
Court,  2nd  October,  IQS8.     [Copy.     ^  p.]    Endorsed, 

9.  II.  Appointment  by  his  Majesty  to  hear  this  business  on 
Sunday  the  18th  November.  Whitehall,  ^rd  November 
1638.     [8  Zwes.] 

Oct.  3.  10.  Algernon  Earl  of  Northumberland  to  Sir  John  Peunington. 

Sion.  Yesterday  I  signified  unto  you  the  advertisement  of  the  coming  of 
Queen-Mother  hither,  with  his  Majesty's  pleasure  therein  {see  No.  1). 
The  likeliest  place  where  she  intends  to  land  will  be  Margate.  You 
will  have  a  special  care  to  send  some  vessel  to  ply  eastward  of  the 
North  Foreland  to  observe  her  Majesty's  approach,  she  being  to 
come  in  the  Admiral  of  HoUand,  accompanied  with  three  or  four 
ships  more,  and  to  give  you  speedy  information  that  I  may  have 
knowledge  and  give  my  attendance.     []  p.] 

Oct.  3.  11.  Thomas  BusheU  to  Sec.   Windebank.      I   omit  no  place  to 

The  Castie,    search  for  ore,  where  either  fame  or  the  symptoms  of  the  ground 

Aberystwith,  j^yj^g  me.     I  have  lighted  upon  a  vein  near  PoUthelly  [PwUheli] 

which  was  never  wrought,  though  known  these  twenty  years,  and 

may  serve  for  a  good  additament  to  melt  his  Majesty's  mines  Koyal, 

by  reason  that  it  can  be   brought  to  the  Mint   by  sea.     I  have 

-  written  to  the  persons  who  are  pretenders  to  the  land,  a  copy  of 

which  letters  are  here  enclosed.     I  implore  your  aid  to  acquaint  his 

Majesty,  that  the  miners  may  not  be  put  off  by  any  man's  greatness, 

my  Lord  of  Dorset  will  second  you.     [1  p.]     Enclosed, 

11.  I.  Thomas  BusheU  to  Edward  Lord  Herbert  of  Chirbury. 
His  Majesty  being  informed  of  the  great  p^^obability  of 
lead  ore,  which  holds  silver,  being  buried  in  the  barreiust 
mountains  of  Wales,  has  made  it  a  work  of  his  own  care, 
with  the  countenance  of  his  Royal  Mint,  trusting  the 
writer  with  the  pay  of  the  miners.  Solicits  Lord  Herbert's 
approbation  before  he  mxikes  farther  trial  upon  his 
grounds  near  PoUthelly,  for  whose  consent  the  King 
remits  so  much  of  his  prerogative  as  to  give  a  tenth  ton 
to  the  owners  of  such  lands.     [|  p.'] 


48 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


16S8. 
Oct.  3. 


Oct.  4. 
Eochester. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

12.  Memorandum  of  Capt.  Nicholas  Crispe.  His  Majesty  having 
taken  the  business  of  the  Benediction,  in  difference  between  the 
undersigned  and  Mr.  Harborne  and  others,  owners  of  that  ship,  into 
his  own  cognizance,  the  undersigned  oblige  themselves  to  stand  to 
such  award  as  his  Majesty  shall  set  down,  and  will  enter  into  bond 
of  3,000Z.     [I  p.] 

13.  Sir  Henry  Vane  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  I  have  despatched 
the  bearer  to  you  that  we  may  understand  one  another  about  the 
order,  place,  and  manner  of  Queen-Mother's  landing.  The  King's 
and  Queen's  coaches  and  twenty  more  will  be  ready  to  bring  away 
lier  train  so  soon  as  you  advertise  us  to  Canterbury  whither  to  come, 
which  must  be  at  Margate  or  the  Downs  if  possible ;  and  to  manage 
the  business  so  that  her  Majesty  may  come  to  Canterbury  that  night 
she  disembarks,  and  that  you  give  us  so  timely  advice  that  we  may 
have  four  or  five  hours  time,  that  we  may  be  upon  the  place  you 
direct  us  to  before  she  come  to  Canterbury.  I  have  given  this 
bearer  order  to  stay  with  you  until  you  meet  with  Queen-Mother 
at  sea,  and  then  as  soon  as  you  have  descried  her,  and  by  the  wind 
shall  find  whether  it  will  be  best  to  come  to  Deal  or  Margate,  then 
to  send  him  away  ;  but  be  sure  you  dispose  of  the  business  so  that 
phe  may  be  landed  with  her  train  by  12  or  1  of  the  clock,  that  we 
may  carry  her  to  Canterbury  that  night,  for  you  know  that  at 
neither  of  those  other  places  is  there  lodging  fit  for  her  reception.  Her 
Majesty  is  brought  out  of  Holland  by  [Van]  Dorpe,  and  has  five  ships 
of  war  to  attend  her.  She  brings  with  her  6  coaches,  70  horses,  and 
]  60  in  her  train ;  by  this  you  will  easily  descry  her.  She  embarks 
in  Holland  at  Hellevoetsluis,  and  in  my  opinion  you  will  do  well  to 
ply  up  and  down  within  sight  of  the  North  Foreland,  for  there  she 
must  come.  You  will  do  well,  as  soon  as  you  can,  to  go  aboard 
her,  and  salute  her  from  the  King,  and  deliver  this  packet,  which 
is  written  from  one  of  her  Council  that  is  come  from  her  to  the 
King  and  Queen,  and  is  now  with  me,  and  directed  to  Signer  Fabroni, 
her  chief  minister,  who  has  written  to  him  to  dispose  her  for  her 
landing  in  the  same  manner  I  have  directed  you,  and  also  for  sending 
Iier  horses  and  baggage  for  Gravesend.  It  will  be  fit  for  you  to  send 
a  Whelp  to  convey  them.  At  Gravesend,  servants  of  his  Majesty 
will  be  ready  to  receive  them,  and  from  thence  to  carry  them  to 
tlieir  quarters  at  St.  James's,  where  all  things  are  ready  for  them, 
and  this  will  be  much  better  for  the  horses  and  a  great  ease  to  the 
country.  My  Lord  Admiral,  I  think,  is  still  at  Sion*  I  will  lie  in 
Canterbury  to-morrow  niglit.     [|  pj9.] 

Oct.  4.  14.  John  Buxton,  Sheriff  of  Norfolk,  to  Nicholas.     I  have  with 

EastWretham.  daily  labour  and  travail,  besides  great  expenses  in  journeying  up  and 
down  the  country,  levied  by  way  of  distress  400^.,  which  is  paid  in  to 
Sir  "William  Russell,  and  since  that  payment  I  have  also  raised  5001. 
more  with  extreme  difficulty,  which  I  have  paid  to  the  merchant  to 
be  repaid  by  bill  of  exchange  to  Sir  William  on  Wednesday  come 
sennight.  The  residue  I  shall  endeavour  to  levy  and  pay  in  within 
three  weeks,  being  400Z.  or  thereabouts.      Stephenson    and  Eey- 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


49 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

nolds,  constables  of  Blofield  hundred,  entered  bond  to  Sir  Dudley 
Carleton,  (being  sent  for  by  pursuivant,)  to  collect  the  moneys,  and 
pay  it  in  by  the  27th  September  last,  but  have  not  as  yet  performed 
it.  At  this  time  they  owe  1251.,  which  they  have  promised  to  pay 
in  next  week.  Although  most  of  the  chief  constables  have  assured 
me  they  will  execute  the  warrant  I  have  given  them  for  distress, 
3'et  I  am  glad  to  assist  them  by  my  presence,  labour,  and  a.uthority. 
Truly  it  is  a  work  of  that  difficulty  and  excessive  charge  to  me, 
besides  the  hate  I  have  incurred  of  my  country  for  executing  those 
commands  imposed  on  me,  for  which  I  am  grown  even  odious  to 
them,  that  were  I  not  supported  by  his  Majesty's  acceptance  of 
my  service  it  were  insupportable,  and  I  should  sink  under  the  burden. 
But  I  thank  his  Majesty  for  his  goodness  towards  me,  and  the 
board  when  I  was  convented  before  them,  which  if  I  may  have  still 
it  will  be  no  small  comfort  to  me ;  and  I  desire  you  to  oblige  me,  a 
stranger,  to  do  me  what  friendly  office  you  can  in  rendering  account 
to  the  board  of  my  integrity  and  duty,  and  in  particular  to  my  Lord 
Marshal,  that  I  may  make  it  appear  that  I  have  endeavoured  to 
verify  the  commendations  he  gave  of  me  at  the  Council  Board. 
[Seal  with  arms.     1  p.] 

Oct.  6.  15.  Account  of  Sir   William   Kussell   of  ship-money  for    1637. 

Total  received  134,636^.  Is.  8d. ;  received  61,778^.  6s.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  6.  16.  Account  of  sums  levied  and  remaining  in  the  hands  of  the 

sheriffs,  total,  4,450?.,  which,  added  to  the  sum  received  as  above 
by  Sir  William  Eussell,  made  the  total  collected  139,086Z.,  being 
32,312L  less  than  was  paid  in  that  time  twelve  months.     [1  p."] 

Oct.  7.  17.  Sea  Windebank  to  Lord  Keeper  Coventry.     It  is  his  Majesty's 

WhitehaU.  pleasure  that  the  judges  of  all  the  courts  at  Westminster  that  have 
been  accustomed  to  impanel  juries  of  their  officers  and  clerks  to 
inquire  of  matters  concerning  the  same,  shall  impanel  such  juries 
this  term,  and  inquire  what  fees  have  been  usually  taken  in  such 
courts  by  the  officers  of  the  same  for  30  years  last  past,  upon  certifi- 
cate whereof  his  Majesty  will  take  a  course  for  settling  such  fees. 
The  Lord  Keeper  is  not  only  to  perform  this  in  the  Court  of  Chancery, 
but  to  signify  the  same  to  the  judges  of  the  other  courts.     [Copy. 

Oct.  7.  18.  Thomas  Fulnetby,  Lieutenant  of  Deal  Castle,  to  Nicholas.  We 

Deal  Castle,  hear  of  a  change  of  the  Lord  Warden.  I  hope  it  is  not  so,  being  I 
have  not  yet  concluded  my  business  about  my  place.  I  have  been 
sick  of  a  burning  [?]  fever  almost  ever  since  I  was  at  London,  and 
so  has  the  gentleman  that  should  have  my  place.  He  has  promised 
that  he  will  be  at  London  within  this  fortnight,  and  when  he  comes 
lie  will  dispatch  it.  I  have  agreed  for  130?.,  which  I  desire  you  to 
receive  for  me,  and  keep  it  until  I  shall  be  able  to  come  to  London. 
His  name  [is]  William  Luke.  Capt.  Benson  wiU  come  with  him.  And 
for  Mr.  More,  give  him  what  you  think  fit.  I  am  scarce  able  at  this 
present  to  hold  my  pen.     [1  p.] 

13.  D 


50  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  ^*^^-^^^^- 

Oct.  8.  19.  John  Nicholas  to  his  son  Edward  Nicholas.  The  letters  to 
WUton.  the  justices  of  peace  I  delivered  to  cousin  Bowles,  who  would  gladly 
have  the  recorder  of  Salisbury  to  be  at  the  examination  of  the  post- 
master's knavery.  You  shall  do  well  to  pacify  the  Lords  that 
answer  may  not  be  expected  of  their  letters  until  his  return  from 
the  term.  "l  perceive  the  Queen-Mother  will  not  be  stayed  by  com- 
pliments. I  pray  her  coming  bring  no  prejudice  to  our  State.  It  will 
be  a  fit  time  to  send  the  stone  bow  at  your  brother's  return.  Send 
the  mould  with  it.  Your  boys  are  both  well,  yet  agues  reign  ex- 
ceedingly in  these  parts.  I  have  made  an  end  of  wheat  sowing,  and 
not  a  drop  of  raiu.  God  send  a  good  increase.  It  is  much  feared 
by  the  husbandmen  that  it  will  bring  forth  great  plenty  of  weeds. 
Saturday  night  my  great  mallard  of  the  Persian  kind  died.  I  fear 
this  country  is  too  cold  for  them.  It  was  a  goodly  fowl,  and  as  big 
as  a  goose.     [_8eal  with  arms.    1  p."} 

Oct.  8.  20.  Sir  Ambrose  Brown  and  Sir  Francis  Stydolfe,   deputy-lieu- 

tenants of  Surrey,  to  Thomas  Earl  of  Arundel  and  Surrey,  Charles  Earl 
of  Nottingham,  Edward  Viscount  Wimbledon,  and  Henry  Lord 
Maltravers,  lords  lieutenant.  Certificate  of  the  forces  of  the  middle 
division,  being  the  fourth  part  of  the  said  county,  —  foot,  375  ; 
horse,  40.     [1  p.} 

Oct.  9.  Minute  of  the  King's  pleasure  that  the  Brewers  of  London  should 

have  their  grant  of  incorporation  renewed,  with  the  additions  men- 
tioned in  the  certificate  next  calendared.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccxxiii., 
p.  326.     ^  p.]     Pre-^uritten, 

I.  Certificate  of  Sir  Henry  Vane  and  Attorney-General  Bankes, 
referees  of  a  petition  of  the  brewers  of  London,  praying 
for  a  renewal  of  their  incorporation,  with  enlarged  powers, 
calendared  under  date  of  the  13th  February  1637-8. 
I7ie  referees  state  the  new  provisions  which  should  be 
inserted  in  the  renewed  charter.  [Copy.  Ibid.,  p.  325. 
Ip.] 

Oct.  9.  21.  Petition  of  [Mary]  Lady  Carr,  wife  of  Sir  Eobert  Carr,  to  the 

King.  Your  Majesty  having  been  informed  of  divers  differences 
between  petitioner  and  her  husband,  directed  Sec.  Windebank  to 
stay  Sir  Robert's  licence  to  travel  till  he  should  settle  a  competent 
maintenance  for  petitioner  and  his  children  in  his  absence ;  yet,  Sir 
Robert  pursues  the  procuring  his  licence  without  settling  any  such 
provision,  and  divers  unkindnesses  have  been  oflered  to  petitioner 
by  Sir  Eobert,  and  many  insolencies  by  his  servant.  Prays  reference 
to  Archbishop  Laud,  Lord  Keeper  Coventry,  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon, 
the  Lord  Privy  Seal,  and  Lord  Cottington.     Underwritten, 

21.  I.  Reference  to  the  persons  above  named,  who  are  to  call 
before  them  Sir  Robert  Carr  and  his  lady,  and  to  mediate 
an  agreement,  or  certify  his  Majesty.  Hampton  Court, 
9th  October  1638.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  9.  Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cocxadii,  fol.  323.     1  ^.j 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  51 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

Oct.  9.  22.  Richard    Llewellin  and  John  Wightwick,   late    bailiffs  of 

Salop.  Shrewsbury,  to  the  Council.  Having  received  writ  •  and  directions 
for  raising  376Z.  in  Shrewsbury  for  ship-money,  the  same  has  been 
taxed  by  us,  and  we  have,  by  distraining,  and  committing  refractory 
persons,  levied  333L  13s.  The  remainder  we  cannot  levy,  because 
part  are  dead,  part  departed  the  town,  and  the  rest  decayed  in  their 
estates.  We  and  our  collectors  are  threatened  to  be  questioned  for 
distraining  and  imprisoning  of  divers  persons,  and  have  undergone 
many  scandalous  censures  for  our  forwardness  in  levying  the  said 
money.     '[Seal  with  arms.    |  ^.] 

Oct.  9.          23.  William  Heaward  to  [Sir  John  Lambe].     Eeport  on  proceed- 
Leicester.     jugs  in  causes  in  the  Ecclesiastical  Court  at  Leicester.     Answer  of 
Berkeley  Audley,  sent  to  Sir  John.    One  Whiting  suggested  by  Drew 
Coke  as  co-adjutor  to  Mr.  Watson,  parson  of  Congerston.    Commuta- 
tion of  penances  of  Fulke  Hancock  and Olliff.     Cause  of  Mr. 

Thistlethwaite  about  tenths  at  Humberstone.  Drew  Coke  and  his 
wife  gone  to  Southwell,  to  the  Archbishop  of  York.     [1  p.] 

[Oct.  10.]  24.  Petition  of  George  Henley  and  Augustine  Phillipps,  of  London, 
merchants,  to  the  Council.  By  order  of  19th  August  last  petitioners 
cause  concerning  the  Golden  Wolf,  belonging  to  the  States,  was 
referred  to  Sir  Henry  Marten,  to  certify  to  his  Majesty  the  true 
state  thereof.     Petitioners  have  been  at  a  great  monthly  charge  of 

*  600?.  in  setting  out  a  ship  to  recover  satisfaction  of  the  Dutch,  and 

have  lawfully  taken  the  said  Golden  Wolf,  and  being  denied  pro- 
ceedings in  the  court  of  Admiralty  against  the  said  ship  until  his 
Majesty's  pleasure  be  further  signified,  they  pray  the  Lords  to  move 
the  King  to  order  the  Judge  of  the  Admiralty  to  proceed  in  their 
cause.     [J  jp.] 

Oct.  10.  25.  Submission  of  Francis  Sherwood  and  William  Rymes.  We 
have  been  convented  before  Henry  Lord  Maltravers,  lieutenant  to 
Thomas  Earl  of  Arundel  and  Surrey,  Earl  Marshal,  for  scandalous 
speeches  of  Robert  Eeade,  viz.,  that  he  was  not  honest,  and  that  he 
joined  with  others  to  play  the  knave  with  us  and'others,  by  sending 
for  us  up  by  warrants  to  appear  before  the  Council,  and  then  to 
compound  with  us  in  private,  and  to  share  the  moneys  amongst 
themselves,  and  so  let  us  go,  all  which  was  proved  to  have  been 
spoken  by  us  by  John  Nash  and  Humphrey  Dewell.  We  acknow- 
ledge our  sentence  of  imprisonment  to  be  most  just,  and  beseech 
Mr.  Reade  to  pardon  our  offences,  and  also  we  acknowledge  him  to 
be  an  honest  and  worthy  gentleman,  and  believe  that  his  proceedings 
in  the  business  of  the  leather  patent  were  upon  just  grounds.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  10.  26.  Committee  appointed  by  the  Common  Council  of  London  to 
the  alderman  of  the  ward  of  Walbrook.  He  is  to  take  unto  him  the 
common  council  of  his  ward,  and  present  the  demands  of  the  clergy 
concerning  tithes  to  the  parishioners  of  the  several  parishes,  and 
obtain  their  answer,  whether  they  allow  the  same  or  except  thereto, 
and  in  the  latter  case  to  set  down  the  grounds  of  their  exceptions, 

D  2 


52  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


and  certify  their  doings  on  the  19th  inst.  The  demands  of  the  clergy 
of  the  parishes  in  that  ward  were: — St.  Swithin's  parish,  1101. ;  St. 
Mary,  Woolchurch,  130?. ;  St.  Stephen's,  Walbrook,  llOZ. ;  St.  Mary, 
Bothaw,  851. ;  St.  John  Baptist,  Walbrook,  951.     [|  p.} 

Oct.  10.  27.  Information  of  Eobert  Toomes  and  Thomas  Cowper,  Collectors 
of  Ship-money.  William  Preston,  steward  to  the  Earl  of  Peter- 
borough, upon  a  distress  taken  of  a  mare  for  40s.  assesssed  on  the 
Earl,  pursued  Toomes  and  Cowper  with  hue  and  cry,  by  bills 
directed  from  constable  to  constable,  charging  them  with  stealing 
the  mare.  They  were  taken  in  their  beds  by  a  constable  of  Wood- 
ford, and  kept  prisoners  the  next  day  and  night,  and  on  the  morrow 
had  to  Sir  John  Hanbury,  the  sheriff,  by  him  to  be  kept  in  custody 
till  the  next  assizes.  Further,  that  [Richard]  Knighton  of  Artleborowe 
[Irthlingborough]  received  of  the  constable  of  Denford  9?.  10s.  about 
12  months  ago,  and  has  made  no  account  thereof;  also  he  has  paid 
short  10s.  on  the  money  received  for  Addington  Magna,  and  the  like 
for  Addington  Parva,  and  for  his  own  tax  at  Orlibere  [Orlingbury] 
he  is  behind  betwixt  14  nobles  and  51.,  and  at  Barnwell,  9s.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  11.  Order  of  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  for  the  Attorney- 
General  to  certify  his  opinion  upon  the  prayer  of  a  petition  to  the 
King  of  Richard  Brest  and  Rose  his  wife,  daughter  and  heir  of 
Richard  Roos,  deceased,  cousin  and  heir  of  Robert  Roos,  late  of 
Ingmanthorpe,  co.  York,  calendared  under  the  date  of  10th  April 
1638,  with  a  reference  thereon  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord 
Cottington,     \_Oopy.    See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  12.     i  p-l    Above  written, 

I.  Copy  of  the  petition  above  mentioned.     [^Ibid.,  p.  11.     §  p.] 

II.  Copy  of  the  reference  above  mentioned.     [Ibid.,  p.  11.    ^  p.] 

Underivritten, 

III.  Report  of  Attorney-General  BanJces.     The  question  in  differ- 

ence is,  whether  the  petitioner  Rose,  or  Bridget,  grand- 
m,other  of  Elizabeth  Thomas,  is  next  heir  to  Robert  Roos. 
A  trial  at  law  is  the  best  vjay  to  determine  the  same, 
15th  January  16S8-9.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  12.    ^  p.] 

IV.  The  Lord  Treasurer  and  Francis  Lord   Cottington  to  the 

King.  Report  agreeing  with  the  Attorney-General,  lith 
March  1638-9.     [Copy.     Ibid.,  p.  12.     ^  ^.] 

V.  Minute  of  his  Ma^jesty's  pleasure  that  a  tnal  at  law  shall  be 

had,  according  to  the  Attorney-General's  report.  White- 
hall, 2Gth  March  1G39.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  12.     ^  p.] 

Oct.  11.  28.  Petition  of  Edith  Bedford  to  Archbishop  Laud.  An  uncle  of 
petitioner  about  ten  years  since  bestov^ed  a  chapel  bell  of  1  cwt. 
upon  her,  and  her  father,  now  deceased,  did  then  intend  to  repair  a 
chapel  of  ease  belonging  to  the  manor  of  Combe  in  Hamsey,  Sussex, 
where  he  then  lived,  and  to  further  such  a  pious  work  petitioner 
caused  the  bell  to  be  sent  to  the  chapel,  hoping  the  chapel  should 
have  been  repaired  and  consecrated.     So  it  is,  that  petitioner's  father 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I  53 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

sold  the  manor  of  Hamsey  to  James  Eivers,  who  has  suffered  the 
chapel  to  run  to  ruin,  and  Eivers  has  got  the  key  of  the  chapel  into  his 
custody,  so  that  petitioner  knows  not  how  to  get  the  said  bell. 
Petitioner  intends  to  bestow  the  said  bell  upon  some  chapel,  and 
beseeches  directions  to  Rivers  for  her  relief  herein.  [^  2'.]  Under- 
written, 

28.  I.  Direction  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  examine  the  business,  and 
take  order  therein,     lltli  October  1638.     [^  p.] 

Oct.  1 1.  29.  Extract  from  the  Register  of  the  Court  of  High  Commission 
of  the  final  sentence  in  a  cause  against  Sir  Robert  Willoughby,  of 
Turner's  Piddle,  co.  Dorset.  The  offences  charged  against  Sir  Robert 
are  set  forth  as  taken  to  be  proved,  he  himself  making  default  of 
appearance.  They  were,  adultery,  drunkenness,  swearing,  violent  ill 
usage  of  his  wife,  and  many  other  scandalous  immoralities.  The 
court  sentenced  him  to  pay  a  fine  of  500^.  to  the  King,  to  do  penance 
in  his  parish  church  and  in  that  of  St.  Peter's,  Dorchester,  and  to 
pay  good  and  full  costs  of  suit,  with  imprisonment  until  he  found 
security  for  performance  of  the  sentence.  It  was  further  ordered, 
that  a  suit  instituted  by  Sir  Robert  against  Dame  Elizabeth  his  wife 
should  be  brought  to  a  heariag  on  the  first  court  day  of  Easter  term 
next  at  the  furthest,  or  in  default  Lady  Willoughby  was  to  be  dis- 
missed from  the  court,  with  good  costs.     [6^  pj^-ll 

Oct.  1 2.  30.  Sir  Nicholas  Carew  and  Sir  Thomas  Grj'mes,  Justices  of  Peace 
for  Surrey,  to  the  Council.  Upon  petition  to  your  Lordships,  Tho- 
mas Lock  alleged  that  Joyce  Hunt  and  James  Hayward  in  the  night 
carried  away  certain  grass  belonging  to  petitioner.  The  petition 
was  referred  to  us  on  the  29th  September  last.  Hayward  denies 
that  he  was  privy  to  the  taking  away  the  grass,  but  Joyce  Hunt  con- 
fesses that  she  was  informed  that  it  was  laid  upon  her  ground,  and 
that  she  caused  the  same  to  be  carried  to  her  house,  aud  she  offered 
satisfaction.  The  grass  we  conceive  might  be  worth  30s.  ;  but  peti- 
tioner refused  to  accept  thereof,  unless  he  might  have  his  costs, 
which  he   saj's  are  51.   and   upwards,  which  they  refuse    to   pay. 

Oct.  12.  31.  Petition  of  Richard  Newman,  M.A.  and  Fellow  of  Merton 
College,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  With  acknowledgment  of  his  fault, 
he  implores  the  Archbishop's  clemency.  Protests  that  he  was  so 
far  from  penning  or  speaking  anything  which  might  trench  upon 
his  accuser's  life,  that  it  never  entered  into  his  thoughts  to  charge 
him  with  that  great  crime  for  which  he  is  accused.  Petitioner's 
whole  livelihood  is  from  his  college,  whereby  he  has  not  only  sus- 
tained himself,  but  also  succoured  liis  poor  kindred.  Besides  his 
heavy  censure  inflicted  by  the  warden,  he  has  already  undergone 
much  travel  and  charge,  his  extraordinary  expenses  amounting  to 
more  than  lOL,  which  he  was  driven  to  borrow.  Prays  forgiveness, 
and  leave  to  return  to  his  college.  [Endorsed :  "  Mr.  Newman's 
second  petition."    |  p.] 


54  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  Vo..CCCa 

Oct.  13.  32.  Petition  of  the  President  and  Fellows  of  Trinity  College, 
Oxford,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Mr.  Koberts,  the  vicar  of  Eidge, 
some  years  past  procured  his  Majesty's  reference  to  the  Archbishop, 
the  now  Lord  Keeper,  and  the  Bishop  of  London,  for  the  augmenta- 
tion of  his  vicarage,  out  of  the  impropriation.  The  referees  being 
advertised  that  the  Lady  Powlett,  petitioner's  founder's  widow, 
bought  that  small  impropriation  for  their  college,  and  being  held  in 
capite,  their  mortmain  was  not  capable  of  it,  and  therefore  she  made 
their  college  a  lease  thereof  for  99  years,  with  a  covenant  to  renew 
it  from  time  to  time.  Petitioners  let  it  back  to  Sir  Thomas  Blunt 
at  the  rent  of  151.  per  annum,  being  near  the  true  value.  The 
foundress  appointed  51,  per  annum  thereof  towards  the  maintenance 
of  one  exhibitioner,  5  marks  per  annum  to  help  mend  the  wages 
of  the  philosophy  and  rhetoric  readers,  and  the  residue  for  fuel  for 
the  kitchen.  The  referees,  understanding  how  much  it  concerned 
the  college,  discharged  petitioners  and  their  tenant  from  further 
attendance.  Then  Roberts  exhibited  his  English  bill  into  the 
Exchequer  chamber,  where  the  cause  was  heard,  and  Roberts  dis- 
missed. Since  which  Roberts  has  prosecuted  a  suit  in  the  Arches 
against  petitioners'  tenants,  whereunto  petitioners  are  made  parties. 
Pray  the  archbishop  to  settle  a  peace  for  them  and  their  tenants. 
[I  P-]  Underwritten, 
32.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  give  account  of  the  merits 
of  the  case.     13th  October  1638.     [i  p.} 

Oct.  13.  33.  Propositions  of  Sir  Edward  Tyrrell.  1.  To  settle  his  estate 
on  his  son  Toby  after  his  own  decease,  charging  the  same  with  lOOl. 
per  annum  during  the  life  of  his  son  Robert,  and  1001.  per  annum 
more  during  the  life  of  his  son  Francis.  2.  To  give  his  son's  wife 
and  family  their  entertainment  in  his  house,  and  200?.  per  annum 
for  their  future  maintenance,  and  in  case  they  like  not  to  live  with 
him,  then  to  give  them  SOOl.  per  annum.  3.  To  make  for  jointure 
iOOl.  per  annum  ;  if  he  should  survive  his  son  Toby  then  the  jointure 
to  be  but  300J.  per  annum  during  his  oavtl  life,  and  iOOl,  per  annum 
afterwards.  4.  In  consideration  whereof,  he  expects  3,000J.  portion 
and  assistance  for  procuring  his  Majesty's  assent  for  alteration  of  his 
patent  of  Baronet.     [^  ;p.] 

Oct.  13.  34.  Account  by  Sir  WiUiam  Russell  of  ship-money  for  1637: 
total  received  136,958?,  111.  8d.,  remains  59,455?.  16s.  Od.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  13,  35.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637  in  the  hands  of  the  sheriffs. 
Total,  5,840?.,  which,  added  to  the  sum  received  by  Sir  William 
Russell,  makes  the  total  collected  142,798?.     [1  p.'] 

Oct.  15,  36.  William  Pierrepont,  sheriff  of  Salop,  to  the  Council.     I  have 

now  paid  in  340?.  for  the  county,  and  all  the  money  for  Bridgenorth 
and  Oswestry ;  Shrewsbury  and  Wenlock  have  paid  part  in  ;  Bishops 
Castle  has  paid  all ;  Ludlow,  charged  at  102?,,  has  paid  nothing.  I 
sent  letters  to  them  aU,  and  have  often  demanded  the  money, 
and  further  have  no  authority,  they  having  writs  to  themselves,  I  am 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


55 


1638. 


Oct.  15. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

told  that  by  the  note  of  Sir  William  Kussell's  receipts  l,590l.  19s.  8d. 
is  yet  unpaid,  of  which  266?.  is  yet  unpaid  by  the  corporations,  and 
700?.  more  William  Juckes,  gentleman,  and  other  drapers  of  Shrews- 
bury, should  have  paid  in  above  a  month  since.  I  have  taken  the 
same  course  former  sheriffs  have  done  for  most  speedy  payment,  to 
return  it  by  drapers  of  Shrewsbury.  I  beseech  you  that  Mr.  Juckes 
may  be  sent  to  speedily  to  pay  in  the  700?.,  or  to  appear  before  the 
Lords.  Besides  the  266?.  and  700?.,  Juckes  and  other  drapers  of 
Shrewsbury  have  above  200?.  to  pay  in  this  week  ;  the  rest  shall  be 
collected  with  all  diligence.  The  money  already  paid  in,  by  Sir 
William  Russell's  notes,  is  2,909?.  Os.  4d     [1  p.] 

87.  Petition  of  the  Master  and  Wardens  of  the  Company  of 
Stationers  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Petitioners  heretofore  shewing 
that  a  book  called  Cowell's  Interpreter  was  printed  contrary  to  the 
decree  in  Star  Chambar,  and  that  petitioners  were  in  their  search  for 
copies  thereof  resisted  by  one  Bustian,  a  constable,  and  others,  your 
Grace  directed  that  Sir  John  Lambe  should  take  order  that  the  books 
should  be  brought  into  Stationers'  Hall,  and  the  parties  be  attached,  and 
not  set  at  liberty  until  the  books  were  brought  in,  and  the  parties 
had  put  in  security  to  answer  those  misdemeanours  in  the  High 
Commission  Court.  For  that  the  books  were  not  brought  in,  but 
sold  and  dispersed  abroad,  and  for  that  the  violence  and  outrage 
done  by  the  delinquents  was  great,  petitioners  beseech  that  they  may 
proceed  against  the  offenders  in  the  Star  Chamber,  [f  p."]  Under- 
turitten, 

37.  I.  "  1  desire  Sir  John  Lambe  to  peruse  this  petition,  and 
if  the  petitioners  can  ohtavn  a  final  end  to  their  con- 
tent, well  and  good ;  hut,  if  they  thinh  they  are  denied 
such  satisfaction  as  is  just  and  due,  let  them  take  such 
further  course  by  Star  Chamber  or  otherwise  as  their 
counsel  shall  advise  them  to.  I  shall  not  be  against  it. 
W.  Cant."     Uth  October  1638.     [^  p.} 

Oct.  15.  38.  Sir  John  Pennington  to  Nicholas.     I  have  met  with  nothing 

•The  Downs,  worth  your  knowledge  since  my  last,  only  the  Dunkirk  fleet  has  got 
out,  and  the  Hollanders  are  pursuing  them.  The  Queen-Mother  is 
not  yei  come,  neither  do  I  think  she  will  now  suddenly,  in  regard  the 
wind  is  come  to  the  west,  and  we  are  like  to  have  bad  weather. 
I  must  entreat  you  either  to  deliver  my  cabinet  I  left  with  j-ou 
to  the  bearer,  or  to  cause  your  man  to  send  it  down  to  me  by 
the  post.  There  are  papers  in  it  I  must  needs  have  out.  At  my 
coming  away  I  did  not  think  of  staying  out  all  the  winter.  I 
hope  I  shall  shortly  have  some  tobacco  and  other  good  things  for 
you.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  p.] 

Oct.  15.  39.  John  Ashburnham  to  the  same.     Great  expressions  of  friend- 

Westover.     ship  both  to  Nicholas   and  his   wife.      Sent   to  Lady  Beauchamp 

from   Chichester,  and   has  received  her  answer.      Her  demand   is 

still  137?.  more  than  Ashburnham  offered.      Solicits   Nicholas  to 


56  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


intimate  his  intentions  by  the  next  return.  Goes  on  the  morrow 
to  Lord  Hertford.  Lord  Lumley  and  the  writer  are  accorded,  the 
composition  being  1,800?.  Wishes  Lord  Cottington  not  to  know 
this  before  the  writer  comes  up,  which  will  not  be  until  two  days 
after  All  Saints.     [Seals  with  arms.     1  ^3.] 

Oct.  15.  40.  Nicholas  Martin  [?]  to  Richard  Harvey.  I  have  been  to 
Wells,  and  tendered  your  rent  to  the  Lord  Bishop's  steward,  for  I 
could  not  sjieak  with  my  Lord  himself,  and  his  steward  refused 
your  rent,  and  told  me  that  my  Lord  purposed  to  go  to  a  trial  this 
term  with  you  concerning  your  parsonage  at  Compton  Dando. 
Money  due  from  John  Cox,  Robert  Hill,  Noiey  [Noah]  Griffein, 
John  Lione,  and  (P.S.)  Richard  Cort.     [1  p.} 

Oct.  15.  41.  Order  of  the  Court  of  Requests  for  an  Injunction  in  a  case 
of  Stephen  Goslyn  versus  William  Campion,  to  restrain  the  defen- 
dant from  proceeding  in  the  Ecclesiastical  Court  of  the  Archdeaconry 
of  Huntingdon  in  a  suit  against  the  plaintiff  for  nonpayment  of 
tithes.     [Copy.     1  p.] 

Oct.  15.  42.  Abstract  of  an  Indenture  dated  the  11th  July  1614,  between 
Thomas  Jessop  of  Gillingham,  Dorset,  doctor  of  physic,  of  the  first 
part,  George  Abbot,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  of  the  second  part, 
and  the  warden  and  scholars  of  Merton  College,  Oxford,  of  the 
third  part,  declaring  the  purposes  to  which  the  college  would  apply, 
for  the  benefit  of  the  post-masters  of  the  foundation  of  John  Williott, 
a  yearly  rent  of  201.  granted  by  the  said  Thomas  Jessop  out  of 
lands  in  Radipole,  Dorset.  This  paper  is  endorsed  by  Archbishop 
Laud  as  received  this  day.     [1  p.'] 

Oct.  16.  Presentation  of  Michael  Read,  D.D.,  to  the  rectory  of  Polebroolc, 
CO.  Northampton,  void  by  death  of  the  last  incumbent,  and  in  his 
Majesty's  gift  by  vacancy  of  the  see  of  Peterborough.     [Docquet.] 

Oct.  16.  Grant  of  a  house  and  land  in  Sutton  Courtney,  Berks,  to  Mary 

du  Boys,  widow  of  Peter  du  Boys,  and  after  her  decease  to  Thomas 
Westfeild  and  Edward  Meetekirke,  in  fee,  whicli  lands  were  escheated 
to  the  crown  by  the   death   of  the   said   Peter  without   an  heir. 

[Bocquef] 

Oct.  16.  Grant  to   William  Willoughby  and  John  Cary  for  their  lives 

successively  of  the  keepership  of  Bestwood  Park,  co.  Nottingham, 
with  the  herbage  and  pannage,  and  a  fee  of  M.  per  diem,  as  the 
Earl  of  Rutland  now  has  the  same.     [Docquet.'] 

Oct.  16.  _  Petition  of  William  Newton  to  the  Queen.  The  King,  at  the 
instance  of  your  Majesty,  has  granted  petitioner  licence  to  build 
sundry  messuages  upon  part  of  the  fields  near  Lincoln's  Inn,  in 
nooks  and  angles  where  the  same  lie  irregular,  upon  his  Majesty's 
inheritance  in  jointure  to  your  Majesty.  There  also  rests  in  Fickett's 
fields  a  parcel  of  ground  distant  from  the  House  of  the  Society  of 
Lincoln's  Inn  above  300  foot,  which  being  built  upon  will  benefit 
his  Majesty  500?,,  will  secure  the  passage  over  the  fields,  and  will 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I..  57 


1638,  Vol.  CCCC. 

beautify  and  make  them  mucli  more  complete.  Prays  her  Majesty 
to  procure  petitioner  leave  from  his  Majesty  for  the  said  buildings. 
{Copy.    See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  87.     i  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Earl  of  Dorset,  her  Majesty's   Chamberlain 

and  Lord  Chief  Justice  Finch,  her  Chancellor,  with  her 
Secretary  and  Treasurer.  To  certify  the  fitness  of 
petitioners  desires.  Whitehall,  IQth  October  1C38.  [Copy. 
Ibid.,  p.  88.     A  p.] 

II.  Report  of  the  said  referees.     They  have  viewed  the  place,  and 

Jind  the  same  very  fit  to  build  upon,  and  have  agreed 
with  petitioner  for  building  14  houses  upon  the  said 
place.    [Copy.    Ibid.    ^  p.'] 

Oct.  16.  43.  Sir  Henry  Marten  to  the  Council.     I  received  an  order  from 

you,  dated  the  10th  inst.,  [about  Polhill  and  Henley,]  wherein  I  find 
no  mention  of  an  act  of  state  made  by  his  Majesty  and  your  Lord- 
ships in  1627,  by  which  the  Dutch  West  India  Company  pretends  a 
privilege  against  letters  of  reprisal  to  belong  unto  them,  and  whereof 
I  conceive  his  Majesty's  declaration  or  interpretation  to  be  necessary. 
I  again  represent  the  same  difficulty,  which  being  not  cleared  must 
give  some  delay  to  that  expedite  justice  which  your  order  commends 
to  me.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  p.^ 

Oct.  16.  44.  James  Watkinson,  mayor,  William  Popple,  majj^or-elect,  and 

Kingston-upon  eight  others,  of  Hull,  to  Sec.  Windebank.  We  have  received  your 
^"'^'  letter  of  22nd  September  last  for  stay  of  a  commission  touching 
lands  given  for  maintenance  of  our  castle,  but  the  same  was  finished 
before  the  receipt  of  your  letter.  We  are  earnest  suitors  to  you  to 
procure  us  a  favourable  answer  from  his  Majesty  to  our  petition, 
which  we  intend  to  present,  after  you  have  seen  the  same,  that  so 
we  may  go  on  wdth  more  alacrity  in  these  chargeable  fortifications 
begun  by  directions  from  Capt.  William  Legge,  which  we  shall  do 
as  far  as  we  are  able,  our  poverty  considered  by  reason  of  these 
tedious  suits,  the  heavy  infection  of  the  plague  that  has  of  late 
reigned  amongst  us,  and  otherv/ise.  Capt.  Legge  can  witness  in 
what  case  he  found  our  fortifications,  and  our  willingness  to  do  his 
Majesty  all  the  service  in  our  power.  If  you  desire  satisfaction,  Sir 
John  Lister,  the  bearer  hereof,  one  of  our  aldermen,  will  make  his 
address  unto  you,  and  our  solicitor,  Henry  Winchester,  will  wait 
upon  you.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  16.  45.  Bishop  Wren  of  Ely  to  Bishop  Montague  of  Norwich. 
Holbom,      Advises  him  as  to  the  course  to  be  adopted  for  recovery  of  a  house  in 

Ely  House.  'Westminster  belonging  to  the  see  of  Norwich.  On  production  of 
the  Act  of  Parliament  by  which  the  house  was  granted,  the  Lord 
Keeper  would  grant  a  writ  of  restitution.  Regrets  that  the 
chancellor  of  the  see  does  not  understand  himself  better.  He  has 
nothing  granted  pro  nobis  et  successoribus.  States  the  account 
between  himself  and  Bishop  Montague  as  to  dilapidations.  The 
writer  received  2001.  from  Bishop  Corbet,  and  had  laid  out  about 
1 751.    He  had  offered  1 20/.  in  full  discharge, "  as  a  great  reciprocation 


58  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


of  kinduess,"  but  since  that  offer  Dr.  Lewyn  has  ■written  that  he 
has  laid  out  251.  for  finishing  the  work  at  Ludham.  If  it  is  expected 
that  he  should  defray  that  sum,  he  reduces  his  offer  to  lOOZ.  As  to 
the  chapel^  he  had  got  it  out  of  the  hands  o"  the  Walloons  for  the 
use  of  his  own  family,  and  he  would  compel  them  to  bear  the  whole 
reparations.  He  intended  to  convent  them  before  the  King 
and  Council.  Bishop  Montague's  absence  [from  London]  may 
preclude  him  from  adopting  that  course,  but  it  is  as  easy  to  call 
them  into  the  Court  of  Bequests,  and  doubts  not  the  issue  will  be 
that  they  will  be  charged  with,  or  the  see  wholly  discharged  from, 
the  reparations.     [2  pp.^ 

Oct.  16.  46.  Alexander  Livingstone  to  his  uncle,  Thomas  Livingstone, 
Falkirk.  tailor,  at  the  sign  of  the  Crown  in  the  Strand.  I  have -spoken  to  my 
mother  concerning  my  brother  Norman,  and  she  is  willing  to  send 
him  you,  upon  those  terms  you  and  I  spoke  of;  that  is,  that  she 
should  send  with  him  600  merks  Scotch  money,  and  that  you 
should  bind  him  to  a  merchant.  We  shall  send  him  within  a  month 
after  "  Mairtimes."  Lord  Wigton  will  not  promise  the  money  before. 
Your  sister  Jean's  husband  has  a  mind  to  come  with  my  brother, 
with  some  linen  and  yarn  to  sell  you.  I  thought  to  have  sent  you 
an  account,  and  your  wife  some  salmon  and  some  "  acquytie  "  [aqua 
vitce\,  but  will  send  it  with  my  brother.  For  news,  I  have  none  but 
such  as  you  hear  of  our  assembly  ;  but  I  hear  there  is  a  prorogation 
and  continuation  of  our  assembly,  which  we  take  very  hard  with  us. 
For  the  King's  covenant,  there  is  very  few  as  yet  but  councillors 
[that]  have  subscribed  it.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  p.] 

Oct,  16.  47.  Kobert  Eich  to  Attorney-General  Bankes.  John  Culham 
writes  a  fair  and  quick  hand,  and  is  also  a  good  accountant,  and 
has  demeaned  himself  very  well  and  honestly,  [f  j?.]  Under- 
written. 

47.  I.  Attorney-General  Bankes  to  [Sec.  Coke'].  I  have  enquired  of 
John  Culham,  and  hear  well  of  him.     IQth  October  1638. 

Oct.  17.  48.  Petition  of  John  Langdon,  sole  patentee  for  retailing  tobacco 
within  the  precinct  of  St.  Katherine's,  to  the  Council.  Augustine 
Dawney,  an  alehouse  keeper  of  St.  Katherine's,  has  for  two  years 
past  not  only  sold  tobacco,  in  contempt  of  his  Majesty's  pro- 
clamation, but  has  encouraged  others  to  do  the  like,  and  has  very 
much  depraved  petitioner,  and  disparaged  the  patent.  Dawney  has 
gone  to  as  many  as  unduly  sold  tobacco,  and  gathered  money  of  them, 
undertaking  to  overthrow  petitioner's  patent,  and  afterwards  spread 
abroad  false  reports  that  petitioner  was  overthrown,  and  that  eveiy 
man  there  might  buy  and  sell  tobacco  as  he  pleased,  and  that  he, 
Dawney,  had  commenced  a  suit  at  law  againsfc  the  Justices  of  Peace 
for  committing  him  for  selling  tobacco.  Dawney,  being  constable, 
the  inhabitants  gave  credit  to  his  reports,  and  forbore  to  buy  tobacco 
of  petitioner,  and  soM  tobacco  as  they  pleased,  by  which  petitioner 
is  damnified  300?,,  disabling  him  to  pay  his  Majesty'e  rent,  whicli  is 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  69 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

SOZ.per  unnnm.  Likewise  Dawney,  then  constable,  most  maliciously 
shut  up  petitioner's  house  for  three  weeks,  pretending  that  it  was 
infected  with  the  sickness,  and  yet  at  the  same  time  neglected  the 
shutting  up  of  other  houses  which  were  in  truth  infected,  which  he 
did  purposely  to  prejudice  petitioner's  patent,  and  to  ruin  petitioner. 
Beseech  the  Lords  to  call  Dawney  before  them,  to  receive  punish- 
ment, and  give  petitioner  satisfaction.     [|  p.^     Underwritten. 

48.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  Dudley  Garleton  and  Edward  Nicholas 
to  report  to  the  hoard.  Star  Chamber.  1 7th  October  1 638. 
l^  p.}    Endorsed. 

48.  II.  Appointment  by  Sir  Dudley  Garleton  and  Edward 
Nicholas  to  hear  the  matter  complained  of  on  the  Thursday 
then  next,  at  the  house  of  Sir  Dudley  at  Westmi/nster. 
2Zrd  October  1638.     [6  Zwjes.] 

Oct.  17.  Commissioners  for  Gunpowdar  to  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance. 
Warrant  to  deliver  12  barrels  of  gunpowde-  at  18c?.  per  lb.  to 
Thomas  Frere  of  Tower  Street,  ship  chandler.  [Minute.  Booh  of 
Warrants  for  Gunpowder.    See  Vol.  No.  ccclv.    No.  61.    p.7-^  p.] 

Oct.  17.  49.  Thomas  Smith  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  Yesterday  I  was 
Sion.  with  your  kinsman.  Sheriff  Pennington,  who  lives  like  a  prince  ;  my 
business  was  to  let  him  know  that  the  Lord  Chamberlain  had  four 
does  to  send  him,  and  desired  to  know  the  times  when  he  would 
have  them.  My  haste  was  such  that  I  could  not  so  much  as  drink 
with  him,  though  he  very  much  urged  me  to  dine  with  him,  but  I 
promised  to  come  some  other  time,  as  also  to  procure  him  venison  of 
my  Lord  when  he  should  have  need.  Yesterday,  likewise,  I  met 
with  Capt.  Perceval,  who  promised  me  that  I  should  receive  the  bill 
of  the  rest  of  the  convoy  money.  When  received  we  shall  proceed 
to  a  dividend,  and  desire  your  order  for  what  concerns  your  par- 
ticular. The  Lord  Admiral  is  fallen  ill  of  the  "  runing  "  gout,  which 
has  made  him  keep  his  bed  for  these  five  or  six  days.  We  are  made 
to  believe  by  the  physicians  that  it  will  not  last  long.  They  have 
purged  him  twice,  and  at  two  several  times  drawn  eighteen  ounces 
of  blood  from  him,  which  was  very  bad  blood,  yet  he  is  cheerful  and 
merry.  As  you  once  desired  of  me  what  was  fittest  to  send  my  Lord, 
so  I  desire  to  know  what  he  may  send  you  which  may  be  most 
useful.  As  for  the  sorts  of  wines  to  send  my  Lord,  if  most  part  of 
the  French  wine  be  "  Graves  "  wine,  it  will  be  more  proper,  for  the 
"  Vin  d'Ay  "  that  comes  into  England  is  little  better  than  water  by 
this  time  of  the  year.  We  have  even  now  received  letters  fi:om 
Captain  Carteret,  the  contents  whereof  I  send  you.  I  have  spoken 
with  my  Lord  touching  your  Flag.  He  says  he  must  not  break 
custom,  and  therefore  you  must  be  exalted,  and  for  the  pay,  that 
may  be  disputed  hereafter.  P.S. — You  wiU  herewith  receive  a 
packet  from  my  brother  Perceval.     [2  pp."] 

Oct.  17.        50.  Sir  James  Douglas  to  Sec,   Windebank,     I  entreat  you  to 
Berwick,      ascertain  if  those  of  Berwick  move  anything  against  me  to  his 


60  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


Majesty,  or  petition  to  have  licence  to  erect  a  new  mill ;  if  they  do  I 
will  come  to  verify  tae  mijustness  o"  their  demand,  and  signify  their 
oppressions.  His  Majesty's  Covenant  has  but  a  slow  progress  in 
Scotland,  considering  how  graciously  it  should  be  accepted  by  them, 
so  insolent,  his  Majesty  so  indulgent.     [1  ^.j 

Oct.  17.  51.  The  King  to  Lord  Cottington,  Master  of  the  Court  of  Wards. 
The  cause  for  the  church  of  Watton,  co.  Hertford,  comes  shortly  to 
be  heard  before  you,  between  Dr.  Halsey,  whom  "we  presented,  and 
Sir  John  Boteler,  committee  of  our  ward,  in  whose  right  we 
presented.  We  were  informed  that  the  church  suffered  much  by  the 
indirect  courses  held  by  the  Botelers,  the  patrons,  in  obtaining  leases 
of  the  parsonage  house,  glebe  and  tithes,  at  an  under  value,  of  the 
incumbents  whom  they  presented,  and  therefore  we  resolved  to 
redeem  the  church  from  that  pressure,  and  when  the  church  became 
void  determined  to  bestow  the  same  on  Dr.  Halsey  divers  months 
before  our  presentation  passed.  This  being  the  case,  you  are  first 
to  preserve  the  rules  and  orders  of  your  court  for  our  better  service, 
and,  next,  if  you  shall  find  that  such  indirect  courses  have  been  held 
by  the  patrons,  if  any  advantage  has  thereby  happened  to  us,  you  are 
not  to  remit  it.     \_Minute.     f  p.^ 

Oct.  18.  52.  George  Cotton  and  Arthur  Sandford  to  the  Council.  Recite. 
Order  of  Council,  on  petition  of  Peter  Egerton,  calendared  under 
date  of  12th  May  1(337,  vol.  ccclvi.  No.  18.  The  subscribers,  two 
of  the  referees  appointed  under  that  order,  certify  that  they  have 
divers  times  viewed  the  supposed  wastes,  and  on  the  last  time,  being 
the  21st  of  September  last,  found  all  things  so  well  repaired  as  it 
is,  without  just  cause  of  dislike.  \_Seal  with  arms.  1  p."]  Under- 
written, 

52.  I.  Order  of  Council.  The  Lords  being  satisfied  that  Peter 
Egeiion  and  Sir  James  Stonehouse  and  his  lady  have 
performed  what  was  required,  think  Sir  John  Corbet 
should  rest  satisfied,  and  perform  what  is  required  of  him. 
[Minute.     J  jo.] 


Garden. 


Oct.  18.  53.  Walter  Lord  Aston  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Upon  your  acceptance 
Mulberry  of  my  suit  to  his  Majesty  for  your  receiving  my  pension  into  yotir 
care,  and  the  encouragements  I  have  received  from  you  by  my 
brother,  I  have  depended  wholly  thereupon.  I  understood  of 
your  absenting  yourself  for  a  time  from  the  court,  for  which  I  was 
more  sorry  in  the  consideration  it  had  to  your  person  than  the 
prejudice  my  pretensions  received  by  it.  But  I  have  notice  that 
you  have  been  now  at  court,  and  presuming  you  will  lose  no  time 
in  my  particular,  considering  the  coming  of  the  Queen's  Mother, 
which  will  be  a  busy  time,  I  long  to  hear  some  comfort,  which  I 
desire  you  to  understand  as  not  unseasonably  importunate,  but 
rather  that  I  may  not  be  thought  negligent  in  what  concerns  mj' 
fortune  and  reputation.     [1  p.] 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  T.  6l 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


Oct.  18.  54.  William  Earl  of  Newcastle  to  Seo.  Windebank.  I  am  glad  to 
Kichmond.  hear  by  your  con  of  your  perfect  recovery.  I  will  wait  off  [sic]  you 
before  "t  be  long.  I  made  such  a  suit  to  his  Majesty  yesterday  as  J 
believe  seldom  any  doth,  which  was  to  take  the  power  of  the  lieutenancy 
of  Derbyshire  from  me,  and  place  it  upon  my  Lord  of  Devonshire, 
which  I  thought  his  Majesty  granted.  I  beseech  you  to  speak  to 
him,  and  put  it  in  such  a  way  as  the  bearer,  my  servant,  may  effect 
it.     lip.] 

Oct.  18.  55.  John  Buxton,  Sheriff  of  Norfolk,  to  Nicholas.  Must  ever 
East  Wretham.  gratefully  acknowledge  the  gracious  acceptance  by  his  Majesty  of 
his  humble  and  dutiful  endeavours.  Had  he  not  been  encouraged 
and  honoured  beyond  his  merits,  the  task  of  collection  of  the  arrears 
would  have  so  far  daunted  him  that  he  should  have  distrusted  his 
spirit  and  stoutness  in  the  execution  of  those  commands.  Upon 
his  credit,  as  he  is  an  honest  man,  he  found  the  work  of  that 
extreme  difficulty  that  had  he  not  been  graciously  supported  he 
must  have  sunk  under  the  burden  thereof.  He  was  enforced,  with 
his  daily  attendance  on  the  service,  to  levy  by  force  to  that  severity 
as  he  is  become  the  most  odious  despicable  man  to  his  country  that 
can  be  imagined.  He  has  caused  to  be  paid  to  the  Treasurer  of 
the  Navy  2001.  received  of  King's  Lynn.  His  second  payment  since 
was  400^.  levied  on  the  county.  The  third  payment  was  to  the 
merchant  5001.  more,  which  he  doubts  not  is  paid.  Last  week  he 
paid  in  200?.  more.  The  residue,  not  being  above  2001.,  shall  be  paid 
in  as  fast  as  he*  receives  the  same,  801.  of  it  being  secured  by  bond 
of  Stephenson  and  Keynolds,  chief  constables  of  Blofield  Hundred, 
to  be  paid  on  the  27th  September,  which  they  have  not  yet  paid  in, 
but  the  writer  daily  expects  the  same.  They  have  his  assistance 
and  warrants.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  18.  56.  Demands  of  John  Stone,  of  the  Inner  Temple,  gentleman, 
from  John  Dod,  of  North  Cadbury,  Somerset,  clerk.  There  were 
several  cross  accounts  and  sums  claimed  to  be  due  to  Stone  for 
the  arrears  of  an  annuity,  with  costs  of  proceedings  in  the  country, 
and  of  five  days  before  the  Council,     [f  p.} 

Oct.  18.         57.  See  "  Eeturns  made  by  the  Justices  of  Peace." 

Oct.  19.  58.  Sir  Humphrey  Davenport  to  Archbishop  Laud  and  Lord  Keeper 
Coventry.  According  to  your  letter  of  30th  September,  I  have 
caused  the  postea  to  be  stayed,  and  for  renewing  my  memory  have 
conferred  with  counsel  on  either  side,  and  remember  that  the  evi- 
dence consisted  of  one  only  witness  on  either  part,  which  witness 
on  the  defendant's  part  being  excepted  unto,  and  the  plaintiff  want- 
ing his  principal  witness,  I  conceive  it  fitting  that  a  new  trial  be 
had  by  way  of  prohibition  upon  a  libel  to  be  preferred  in  the  Court 
Christian  by  the  now^complainant,  whereupon  the  modus  decvmandi, 
and  the  rate  thereof,  may  be  put  in  issue,  to  be  tryed  by  nisi  prius 
or  at  some  bar  in  Westminster,  as  you  shall  direct.     [1  p.] 


62 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 
Oct.  19. 

Chesterfield. 


Oct.  19. 


Oct.  19. 

New  College, 
Oxford. 

Oct.  20. 


Oct.  20. 


Oct.  20. 


Oct.  20. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

5  9.^  James  Webster,  late  under-sheriff  of  co.  Nottingham,  to  Nicholas. 
For  collecting  the  ship-money  in  Nottinghamshire  I  took  abundance 
of  pains.  The  contentious  man  has  complained  of  me  without  cause, 
and  the  now  high-sheriff,  before  I  attended  on  him  with  my  witness, 
has  certified.  I  entreat  your  help  for  procuring  a  further  reference 
to  him  and  another  gentleman  in  the  county,     [^  ^.] 

60.  List  by  Sir  Jacob  Astley  "  of  the  arms  that  I  shall  now  bring 
with  me  to  Hull."  4,000  bandoleers,  and  the  same  number  of  swords 
and  belts,  with  2,000  armours  for  pikemen, — a  back,  breast  plate, 
gorget,  taces,  and  head  piece — with  2,000  pikes,     [f  pJ] 

61.  John  Windebank  to  his  father.  Sec.  Windebank.  Solemnly 
denies  an  imputation  upon  his  morality  which  he  understands  had 
come  to  his  father's  ears.     [Seal  with  arms.     Lot.    1  p.] 

Petition  of  Eichard  Tyder  [?],  clerk,  curate  of  Stanmore  Parva, 
alias  Whitchurch,  Middlesex,  to  the  King.  By  ancient  custom 
there  has  been  paid  to  the  curate  there  one  penny  out  of  every 
shilling  for  the  yearly  value  of  all  unploughed  and  pasture  grounds, 
and  for  about  40  years  these  curates  have  enjoyed  a  dwelling  house 
near  the  church,  which  house  Lady  Lake  not  only  challenges  to  be 
hers,  but  has  long  broken  the  ancient  custom,  paying  nothing  at  all 
for  many  hundred  of  acres  of  unploughed  grounds  which  she  holds. 
She  has  also  forbidden  the  parishioners  to  pay  their  wonted  dues, 
threatening  to  trouble  them  if  they  dare  to  pay  contrary  to  her 
command,  so  that  now,  the  church  being  stript  of  all  maintenance, 
the  service  of  God  is  likely  to  be  neglected,  and  petitioner,  with  his 
wife  and  children,  to  be  destitute  of  all  harbour.  Prays  directions 
to  Archbishop  Laud  and  the  Bishop  of  London  to  call  before  them 
the  said  lady,  and  so  to  order  the  matter  that  petitioner  may  enjoy 
his  house  without  molestation,  and  may  have  satisfaction  for  serving 
the  cure  according  to  the  ancient  custom.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccxxHi., 
p.  328.     I  p.']     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  Archbishop  Laud  a/nd  the  Lord  Treasurer,  to  call 
the  parties  before  them,  and  having  heard  their  differences 
to  determine  them  as  they  shall  find  Jit  for  relief  of  the 
petitioner.  Whitehall,  29th  October  1638.  [Copy.  See 
Ibid.,  p.  329.     i  p.'\ 

Lease  in  reversion  for  31  years  of  the  herbage  of  Mierscoe  Park, 
CO.  Lancaster,  to  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Howard,  one  of  the  maids  of  honour 
to  the  Queer,  after  determination  of  a  lease  of  30  years,  then  in 
being,  upon  the  increase  of  6Z.  to  the  rmt  of  25Z.  now  paid  to  his 
Majesty.     [Docquet.'] 

The  King  to  the  Treasurer  and  Benchers  of  the  Middle  Temple. 
Letter  on  behalf  or  John  Gulston,  procured  by  Sec.  Windebank. 
[Docquet.'] 

Warrant  to  the  Master  of  the  Great  Wardrobe,  for  provision  of 
watching  liveries  for  the  captain  and  yeomen  of  his  Majesty's  guard, 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


63 


1638. 


Oct.  20. 

Oct.  20. 
Burderop. 


Oct.  20. 

Havering. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

and  for  the  yeomen,  grooms,  and  pages  of  the  King's  and  Queen's 
chambers,  robes,  and  wardrobes,  due  at  Michaelmas  last  for  one  year 
then  ended.     IDocquet.} 

Licence  to  Robert  Cecil  and  Philip  Cecil,  sons  of  the  Earl  of 
Salisbury,  to  travel  beyond  sea,  for  three  years.     \_Docqu6t.'] 

62.  WiUiam  Calley  to  Richard  Harvey.  Authorizes  him  to  sell  a 
gelding  for  any  price  above  201.  For  my  cousin  Percy's  doctor  he  is 
not  like  to  be  sent  for  now  to  Lavington,  because  they  have  lately 
found  out  one  Hort,  a  blacksmith,  that  arrogates  to  himself  (as  he  is 
forsooth  a  seventh  son)  to  heal  the  evil  (King-like),  by  his  only 
touch.  This  fello"w  questionless  doth  his  business  cheap  enough.  I 
am  sorry  you  said  anything  to  Sergeant  Clowes.  We  must  strive 
now  to  let  the  suit  die.  Directions  respecting  various  articles  of 
clothing  for  himself  and  three  sons.     [Seal  with  arms.     1|  ^.] 

63.  Eliza  Countess  of  Lindsey  to  Sec.  Windebank.  My  tenant 
Boswell  acquainting  me  how  much  he  has  been  this  summer  again 
molested  by  Rawson  in  the  possession  of  those  few  grounds  which 
he  stands  tenant  for,  ard  how  much  he  has  had  your  favour  in 
forwarding  the  business  against  so  refractory  a  fellow,  I  return  my 
thanks  to  you.  I  desire  you  would  befriend  tlie  same,  "  by  keeping 
him  from  his  freedom  "  until  the  coming  of  my  Lord,  which  I  expect 
every  day.     [Seal  with  arms.     |  p.] 

GL  Edward  Nicholas  [to  the  Council].  Report  upon  a  reference  for 
taxing  the  costs  and  damages  to  be  aJJowed  by  Thomas  Meriton  and 

Andrew  Kingsley  unto  Pruddon,  bailiff  of  co.  Hertford,  for 

bringing  in  ship-money.  I  think  fit  that  Meriton  and  Kingsley  pay 
to  Pruddon  4?.,  whereof  40s.  for  charges  of  Pruddon  and  George 
Church,  a  witness,  for  two  journies  from  Royston  to  attend  the 
Council  table,  and  40s.  for  damages  to  Pruddon  for  hurts  received 
from  Meriton  and  Kingsley  in  the  execution  of  the  sheriffs'  warrants. 

fOct.  20.]  65.  Memorandum  endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank,  "  Propositions 
concerning  the  business  of  Scotland,  delivered  to  me  by  bis  Majesty 
20th.  October  at  Whitehall,  1638."  It  principally  relates  to  the 
transport  of  troops  out  of  Ireland  into  Scotland.  In  Ireland  there 
are  43  companies  of  foot,  each  company  consisting  at  present  of  50 
soldiers  very  well  exercised.  If  the  King  "  have  adoe "  he  may 
cause  the  captains  make  their  companies  up  to  200  apiece  which 
wiU  makeup  8,600  foou.  There  are  powder,  munition,  and  oi-dnance 
in  that  kingdom  already,  and  nine  troops  of  horse,  under  the  com- 
mand of  the  Lord  Deputy,  Lord  Ormond,  the  Presidents  of  Con- 
naught  and  Munster,  Lords  Chichester,  Moor,  Grandison  Dillon,  and 
Kirkcudbright,  which  might  all  be  made  hundreds.  They  might  be 
transported  in  six  or  eight  hours  to  any  place  upon  the  coast  of  the 
west  country  of  Scotland.  "  Their  stay  needs  not  be  long  in  Scot- 
land, for  the  work  wiU  be  done  very  shortly,  :^or  I  tMnk  there  will 
■  be  no  man  so  mad,  when  the  King's  army  is  in  the  fields,  to  hazard 


Oct.  20. 


64  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


both  their  life  and  estate.  Albeit  there  is  many  will  say  well  to 
you  now,  but  when  they  see  an  army  in  the  fields  they  will  turn 
their  coat,  and  be  glad  to  come  into  the  King  [if]  they  can  be 
received."  The  King  has  two  ships  in  Ireland,  the  Swallow  and  a 
Whelp,  and  the  Lord  Deputy  has  a  fair  ship  and  a  pinnace  of  his  own, 
and  the  harbours  there  have  a  great  many  good  ships.  For  victual- 
ling, the  King  may  victual  at  an  easy  rate.  There  is  abundance  of 
beef  and  pork,  and  pease  and  butter,  half  and  half,  as  it  is  in  Eng- 
land. The  victuals  need  not  be  great,  for  the  voyage  is  but  small. 
They  will  have  enough,  if  they  have  it  to  their  self,  on  the  Scots' 
side.  "  The  Irish  people  will  be  a  fit  people  for  this  war,  for  they  are 
a  light  people,  and  will  run  well  through  the  bogs  and  hills."    [1  p.'] 

Oct.  20.  66.  Account  of  Sir  "William  Russell  of  ship-money  for  1637 ;  total 
received,  142,297^.  13s,  Ad. ;  remains  54,116^.  14s.  4d  yet  unpaid. 
[1^.] 

Oct.  20.  67.  Account  of  ship-money  remaining  in  the  hands  of  the  sherifis  ; 
total,  5,200?.,  which,  added  to  the  sum  received  by  Sir  William 
Russell,  makes  the  total  collected  147,497^.     [1  j3.] 

Oct.  20.  Certificate  of  Edward  Duke,  sheriff  of  SuflPolk,  of  returns  made 
to  him  of  defaulters  to  the  ship-money  for  1637.  Among  the  persons 
returned  are  the  following : — 

Hundred  of  Wangford, Garrett,  the  tanner,  gone  into  New  Eng- 
land, 2s. 

The  same,  Homersfield,  John  Middleton,  the  money  being  demanded,  he 
said  he  had  no  money,  whereupon  a  distress  was  taken,  and  his  son-in-law, 
Sampson,  his  own  son,  together  with  his  man-servant,  rescued  the  dis- 
tress, 36g. 

The  same,  St.  Michael's,  George  Barrell,  gone  into  New  England,  2s. 

Hundred  of  Lothingland,  Bradwell,  William  Ballard,  the  like,  4s. 

Hundred  of  Blithing,  Wrentham,  Henry  Ghickren,  the  like,  25s.  10c?. 

The  same,  the  parsonage  is  rated  14s.,  and  since  that  time  the  incumbent 
was  deprived  of  his  living,  and  is  gone  into  New  England. 

The  same,  William  Buiy  of  South  Cove,  gone  to  New  England,  25s. 

Hundred  of  Loes,  Pramlingham,  Francis  Baylie,  gone  with  his  family 
to  New  England,  4s.  4:d.. 

The  same,  Swefling,  Eobert  Bond,  hanged,  and  his  goods  seized  upon, 
6s.  4d. 

Hundred  of  Thingoe,  Westley,  Thomas  Godfrey  died,  with  divers  of  his 
household,  of  the  plague,  in  Bury  St.  Edmunds,  in  the  time  of  the  sickness 
there,  6s.  lOi^. 

See  Case  K  Bom.  Gar.  I.  No.  7. 

Oct.  21.  68.  John  Nicholas  to  his  son,  Edward  Nicholas.  Mr.  Littleton  is 
desirous  of  being  acquainted  with  yon.  Think  of  getting  the  bow- 
bearer's  place.  Sir  Charles  Herbert  and  Sir  Walter  Pye  are  the 
fittest  to  use  in  it.  I  know  not  how  Oldisworth  has  digested  the  old 
quarrel,  else  were  he  the  fittest  man.  I  will  surrender  when  you 
will.  If  there  be  any  difficulty  in  it,  the  Lady  Mary  will  not  be 
denied,  but  get  it  under  his  Lordship's  hand,  if  it  may  be.     [If  p.] 

Oct.  21.        69.  Thomas  Smith  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  Capt.  Slingsby  is  safely 
Sion.        ai-rived  in  Stokes  Bay,  and  will  be  with  you  as  soon  as  wind  and 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  65 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

■weather  will  permit.  The  Duke  de  la  Valette,  fled  out  of  France,  is 
landed  privately  in  Cornwall.  The  King  will  take  no  notice  of  him, 
but  allows  him  protection,  and  to  stay  in  the  kingdom,  and  depart 
when  he  pleases.  You  see  what  a  number  of  French  daily  run 
hither,  so  that  if  the  Court  be  not  Frenchified  now,  'twill  never  be. 
Queen-Mother  landed  on  the  18th  at  Harwich  ;  the  King  and  Qaeen 
go  to  meet  her  at  a  place  called  Giddy  Hall,  near  Romford,  on  the 
23rd  or  24th,  and  so  bring  her  to  St.  James's,  where  she  will  stay 
till  we  are  aweary  of  her.  My  Lord  [of  Northumberland]  removes 
hence  to  London  sometime  next  week ;  he  is  free  from  pain,  weak, 
but  very  well.  P.S. — Mr.  Barlow  came  not  with  your  packet,  as 
your  letter  mentions  ;  it  came  by  the  post.     [1  p."] 

Oct.  21.  70.  Arthur  Tench  to  Nicholas.  List  of  persons  removed  from 
Shrewsbury  since  the  last  assessment  of  ship-money.  All  the 
money  the  bailiffs  have  collected,  being  3331.  13s.,  is  paid  in.  The 
last  sum'(117Z.  13s.)  was  paid  yesterday  after  the  certificate  was 
made  up  by  Mr.  Fenn.     l_Seal  with  arms.     1  p.] 

Oct.  22.  Warrant  to  the  Great  Wardrobe  for  a  livery  of  31.  16s.  per  annum 
for  Robert  Manby,  yeoman  pricker  of  the  privy  harriers  in  ordinary, 
in  place  of  Francis  Trumbull,  deceased.     \_Docquet.'] 

Oct.  22.  Warrant  to  James  Chad  wick,  steward  of  the  courts  of  the  honour 
of  Peverell,  to  put  in  execution  so  many  courts  and  privileges  as  are 
contained  in  divers  records  of  the  said  honour.     [^Docquet] 

Oct.  22.  The  King  to  the  President  and  Chapter  of  Lichfield.  To  elect 
Griffin  Higgs,  D.D.,  to  be  Dean  of  Lichfield.     [Bocquet.l 

Oct.  22.  Warrant  to  pay  3,000Z.  to  Edward  Manning,  out  of  the  revenues 
of  the  Court  of  Wards,  to  be  employed  for  cutting  a  new  river  from 
Longford  to  his  Majesty's  house  at  Hampton  Court.     [Bocquet.'] 

Oct.  22.  The  King  to  the  Vice-Chancellor  and  University  of  Cambridge. 
To  create  Tobias  Crispe,  D.D.     [Docquet.J 

Oct  22.  Petition  of  Elizabeth  Lady  Morley  and  Monteagle,  [Henry  Lord 
Morley  and  Monteagle],  and  Charles  Parker,  son  of  William,  late 
Lord  Morley  and  Monteagle,  and  of  the  said  Elizabeth,  to  the  King. 
It  pleased  his  Majesty  upon  the  petition  annexed  [doubtless  the 
petition  calendared  28th  May  1638]  to  direct  the  Attorney-General 
to  prepare  a  bill  to  the  effect  therein  desired.  Lady  Philippa  Morley, 
wife  of  petitioner  Henry  Lord  Morley,  has  obtained  a  signification  of 
his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  no  grant  shall  pass  for  cutting  off  an  entail 
of  lands  of  the  now  Lord^Morley  in  Essex,  out  of  which  the  said  Lady 
Morley 's  jointure  is  settled.  It  appears  by  several  affidavits  that  the 
said  Lady  Philippa  has  no  jointure  in  Lord  Morley's  lands  in  Essex, 
but  has  a  jointure  in  his  lands  in  co.  Lancaster  of  800i.  per  annum, 
whereby  the  said  Lady  has  no  cause  to  hinder  the  said  intended  reco- 
very, and  that  it  greatly  concerns  petitioners  to  make  sale  of  the  said 
lauds,  as  well  to  satisfy  your  Majesty  600Z.  for  your  forest  lands  upon 
composition,  as  also  by  payment  of  the  said  Lord's  debts  the  better 

13.  K 


66  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


J  688. 


Vol.  CCCC. 


to  preserve  the  rest  of  his  estate.  Pray  that  the  said  caveat  may  be 
disannulled,  and  that  the  Attorney-General  may  proceed  with  his 
biU.     [Copy.    See  Vol.  cccoaxiii.  p.  329.     |  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Chief  Justice  and  Judges  of  the  Common 
Pleas  to  certify  their  opinions,  Whitehall,  22nd  October 
1638.    [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  330.     i  p.] 

Oct.  22.  Petition  of  Christopher  Phillips,  Robert  Branthwaite,  Abraham 
Statham,  Christopher  Fulwood,  John  Shuter,  William  Shuter,  and 
of  the  clerk-examiners  and  registrar  of  the  Court  of  Star  Chamber, 
to  the  King.  The  Lords  of  the  Treasury,  on  10th  April  1635,  ordered 
that  620?.  should  be  paid  to  petitioners  for  service  done  in  the  great 
cause,  lately  depending  in  the  Star  Chamber  between  your  Majesty 
and  the  city  of  London,  which  petitioners  had  dearly  earned,  and 
was  a  very  profitable  service,  for  it  brought  lands  of  inheritance  to 
the  value  of  10,000Z.  a  year  to  the  Crown,  besides  a  fine  of  70,000?., 
reduced  by  composition  to  12,000?.  Your  Majesty  well  approving 
of  what  the  Lords  had  done,  by  privy  seal,  dated  30th  June  1637, 
appointed  the  620?.  to  be  paid  out  of  the  said  fine.  Petitioners 
having  long  expected  payment  accordingly,  are  of  late  informed  that 
your  Majesty  has  granted  the  whole  12,000?.  to  the  Queen,  by  which 
means  petitioners  are  likely  to  be  utterly  deprived  of  their  reward. 
Pray  that,  if  the  Queen  receive  the  whole  12,000?.,  petitioners  may 
have  a  new  privy  seal  for  the  pajrment  of  the  said  620?.  out  of  the  next 
payment  of  the  money  coming  to  your  Majesty  by  the  soap  business. 
[Copy.    See  Ibid.,  p.  331.     |  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Minute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  petitioners  shall  have  a 
privy  seal  as  desired,  and  the  Clerk  of  the  Signet  is  to 
prepare  a  bill  for  that  purpose.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  332. 

[Oct.  22  ?]  Petition  of  Anthony  Tompson,  D.D.,  parson  and  vicar  of  Sutton 
in  Holland,  co.  Lincoln,  to  the  same.  Tithes  in  kind  have  been  time 
out  of  mind  paid  out  of  the  marshes  there.  In  1637,  Sir  Cornelius 
Vermuyden,  Henry  Deerham,  and  their  tenants  carried  away  all  the 
tithes  of  3,500  acres  without  making  any  satisfaction  for  the  tithes. 
[Copy.     Unfinished.     See  Ibid.,  p.  332.     i  p.] 

Oct.  22.  71.  Petition  of  John  Williams  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Having  been 
employed  by  proctors  in  the  Ecclesiastical  Court  for  12  years,  peti- 
tioner was  last  term  employed  by  Edward  Clarke,  of  London,  to 
execute  a  process  out  of  the  Court  of  Arches  upon  Mary  Prosser,  of 
St.  Botolph's-without-Bishopsgate,  to  appear  before  Sir  John  Lambe 
to  answer  Clarke  in  a  cause  of  slander.  Petitioner  went  divers  times 
to  the  house-door  of  Prosser  and  demanded  whether  she  was  within, 
but  she  was  denied,  notwithstanding  petitioner  saw  her  within  at 
that  time.  Coming  again  to  Prosser's  door  on  the  11th  June  last, 
petitioner  espied  Prosser's  wife  in  her  husband's  shop,  and  petitioner, 
standing  at  the  door,  executed  the  process  on  her,  whereupon,  her 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  6? 


1638.  ^°^-  <^C^^- 

husband  has  arrested  petitioner  upon  an  action  of  lOOZ.,  pretending 
petitioner  came  upon  his  ground,  whereas  he  never  was  in  his  house, 
nor  had  any  occasion  to  come  there,  only  to  execute  the  said  writ. 
Prays  order  that  Prosser  and  his  wife  may  be  attached  to  answer 
their  contempt.     [|  p.]     Underwritten, 

71.  I.  Reference  to  8vr  John  Lambe  to  give  the  archbishop  an 
account,  or  to  give  petitioner  what  directions  Sir  John 
shall  find  fitting.     October  22nd,  1638.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  22.  72.  Sec.  Windebank  to  Robert  Long.   His  Majesty  being  informed 

W^Lme'"  ^^'^^  ^P^  ^^^  entrusted  by  the  Earl  of  Lindsey  and  the  rest  of  the 

rury  ane.  participants  and  adventurers  for  draining  that  level  oo  take  care  that 
there  be  always  supplies  of  money  for  performance  of  the  work,  and 
that  you  have  power  given  you  to  sell  the  land  of  such  of  the  partici- 
pants as  make  default  of  payment  of  sums  taxed  upon  them  for  the 
charge  of  the  work,  in  the  expedition  whereof  his  Majesty  being  much 
concerned,  in  regard  of  the  Eight  Hundred  Fen,  and  having  designed 
that  revenue  to  important  services,  has  commanded  me  to  let  you 
know  that  he  wiU  expect  a  good  account  of  your  care  herein,  so  that 
his  service  do  not  suffer  by  your  remissness  ;  and  therefore,  if  any  of 
the  sharers  be  in  arrear  of  their  payments,  it  is  his  Majesty's  pleasure 
that  you  sell  their  lands  without  favour  or  partiality.  \_Seal  luith 
arms.    1  p.] 

Oct;  22.  73.  The  same  to  the  [Lord-  Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  London]. 
His  Majesty  lately  recommended  to  you  Thomas  Smethwick,  of 
London,  merchant,  for  the  office  of  garbling  and  cleansing  all  spices, 
drugs,  &c.  within  the  city,  not  doubting  but  you  would  make  him  a 
lease  of  that  place  upon  reasonable  terms.  His  Majesty  finding  that 
you  have  not  given  that  regard  to  his  recommendation  which  he  had 
reason  to  expect,  has  commanded  me  to  signify  to  you  that  you  hold 
Smethwick  no  longer  in  expectation,  but  either  bestow  a  lease  upon 
him  or  present  to  his  Majesty  your  reasons  to  the  contrary.  \_Draft. 
I  p.] 

Oct.  22.  74.  Sir  John  Pennington  to  Sec.  Windebank.  His  Majesty  has 
The  St.  Andrew,  granted  me  the  duty  that  arises  out  of  merchandise  that  goes  in  and 
in  the  Downs.  ^^^  ^f  Dover,  for  repair  of  the  castle  of  Sandown,  which  I  hold 
under  his  Majesty,  after  the  repair  "of  Archcliffe  Fort,  which  is  almost 
finished.  My  request  is  that  I  may  have  a  privy  seal  for  it,  whereby 
we  may  get  materials  ready  to  go  in  hand  with  it  next  spring,  other- 
wise it  will  fall  down  and  endanger  the  lives  of  those  that  live  in  it. 
[^Seal  with  arms  broken.     1  p.] 

Oct.  22.  75.  John  Buxton,  Sheriff  of  Norfolk,  to  Sir  William  Le  Neve, 

East  Wretham.  Clarencieux  King-at-Arms  at  the  Heralds'  Office,  Paul's  Chain.  I 
implore  your  assistance  to  Sir  Dudley  Carleton  or  Mr.  Nicholas. 
Since  my  letter  of  the  1 8th  instant  all  the  ship-money  is  come  in,  or 
will  be  paid  this  week,  excepting  some  of  IQl.  or  lit.,  but  only  93?. 
for  Blofield  hundred,  the  chief  constables,  as  I  am  informed,  Rey- 
nolds and  Stephenson,  having  entered  bond  in  lOOL  to  Sir  Dudley 

E  2 


68 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


1638. 


Oct.  22. 

Buiderop, 


Vol.  CCCC. 

for  payment  of  it  to  me  on  the  27th  September  last,  which  they 
have  not  paid.  Besides,  as  I  am  informed,  they  have  bragged  and 
boasted  of  their  coming  off  at  the  Council  Board,  and  how  well  they 
spoke  there,  which  has  retarded  all  others  that  were  in  arrear.  My 
desire  is  that  you  move  Sir  Dudley  or  Mr.  Nicholas  that  I  may  be 
exonerated  of  that  money,  they  having  security  in  their  own  hands 
to  secure  his  Majesty  the  debt,  being  responsive  [sic]  men,  and  my 
hands  tied  for  proceeding  against  them  since  there  is  security 
already  given.  P.S. — The  rate  for  Blofield  is  1881. ;  they  are  931. 
[sic]  in  arrear.   [Undorsed  by  Nicholas.    Seal  with  arms.     1  p.] 

76.  William  Galley  to  Eichard  Harvey.  I  pray  you  return  my 
gelding  by  this  messenger.  I  am  much  bound  to  your  master 
[Endymion  Porter]  for  his  favour  to  my  sister  Danvers,  but  they 
have  met  with  a  blacksmith  (I  believe  that  for  ale  and  spice  had 
pawned  his  tools  but  kept  his  vice),  pretending  by  his  only  touch,  as 
he  is  a  seventh  son,  to  heal  the  evil,  and  to  him  I  leave  them.  [Seal 
with  arms. 


iP-1 


Oct.  22. 

Woodhall. 


Oct.  22. 


77.  Francis  Dorvan  to  the  same.  I  am  glad  to  hear  you  are 
coming  to  town.  We  were  in  expectation  to  see  my  master  and 
lady  some  day  this  week,  but  now  see  ourselves  frustrated.  John 
Aldridge,  the  keeper,  desires  my  master  and  lady  to  know  that  if 
they  will  have  some  does  killed  it  must  be  within  these  seven  or 
eight  days,  because  the  wet  weather  will  make  them  fall  away.  Both 
Mr.  Thomas  and  Mr.  James  are  in  very  good  health.  Mrs.  Mary 
continues  still  in  her  quartan  ague,  and  is  very  desirous  to  go  to 
London  if  my  lady  pleases.     [1  p.] 

78.  Bond  of  Robert  Cordell,  of  Lincoln's  Inn,  clerk,  and  Edward 
Cordell,  citizen  and  clothworker,  of  London,  to  Giles  Clotterbook,  of 
Salisbury,  gentleman,  in  2il.,  conditioned  for  payment  of  12^  on 
29th  September  then  next.     [Seals  with  crests.    1  p.] 

Oct.  22.  79.  Dr.  Peter  Turner  to  Archbishop  Laud.  I  have  published  your 
Merton  College,  orders  to  all  the  fellows  that  could  be  got  to  meet.  Mr.  Corbet 
desired  to  be  informed  what  was  meant  by  reverent  demeanour  at 
the  entrance  and  departure  out  of  the  choir.  I  told  him  I  had  no 
commission  to  expound,  but  I  made  no  question  he  understood  your 
meaning,  that  men  should  conform  themselves  to  the  ancient  prac- 
tice of  the  Church  in  bowing  their  bodies  towards  the  east  at  their 
entrance  into  the  choir,  and  so  at  their  departure.  He  demanded 
whether  this  order  did  amount  to  a  command  or  no.  I  told  him  you 
had  publicly  professed  against  commanding  this.  He  said  he  should 
interpret  it  for  a  command ;  but  whether  he  will  do  so  will  appear 
by  his  practice,  which  hitherto  has  been  inconformable.  I  forbear 
entering  the  orders  in  the  register  yet  a  while,  because  the  sub- 
warden  has  not  yet  entered  any  of  the  college  acts  since  the  election 
of  officers,  neither  can  I  guess  what  space  to  leave.  The  articles 
against  Rawlins  were  taken  out  of  the  ancienter  of  our  two  registers, 
which  begins  A.D,  1482,  in  which  the  whole  process  of  Archbishop 


Oxford. 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


69 


1638. 


Oct.  22. 


Oct.  23. 


Oct.  23. 

liOndoD. 


Oct.  23. 


Oct.  23. 
Winchester. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

Warham  is  to  be  found  ;  from  the  same  book  I  have  transcribed  the 
enclosed  copy.  Directs  the  archbishop's  attention  to  an  entry  on  the 
register,  by  which  it  appears,  concerning  Emildon  Lease,  that  the 
fellows'  share  of  the  fine  should  be  600/.,  and  the  college  to  have  had 
whatsoever  upon  a  just  valuation  might  be  gotten  over  and  above, 
but  the  college  had  never  a  penny.     [J  p.']     Annexed, 

79.  I.  Articles  against  Rawlins,  warden  of  Merton,  on  account 

of  which  he  was  removed  from  his  wardenship  by  Arch- 
bishop Warham.  [Copy.  It  may  be  questioned  whether 
this  be  the  paper  enclosed  \in  the  above  letter,  although 
relating  to  the  matter  therein  mentioned.    Latin.     1^  p.] 

80.  Copies  of  two  presentments  made  in  an  Admiralty  Court  held  at 
Cley,  Norfolk.  The  former,  dated  the  31st  January  1 637-8,  presented 
that  an  ancient  channel  for  ships  and  boats  had  been  stopped  up  by 
a  bank  lately  made  by  Sir  Henry  Calthrop  and  finished  by  Philip 
Calthrop.  The  latter,  dated  this  day,  presented  that  Philip  Calthrop 
still  maintained  the  said  bank.     [2  pp.] 

Grant  to  Lady  Crane  for  her  life  of  his  Majesty's  manor-house  of 
Grafton,  co.  Northampton,  at  the  yearly  rent  of  10s.,  upon  surrender 
of  a  former  lease  for  31  years.     [Docquet^ 

81.  WiUiam  Clobeiy,  Sir  William  Kussell,  Nicholas  Crispe,  and 
three  others  of  the  New  Barbary  Company  to  Capt.  George  Carteret, 
of  the  Convertive,  at  the  Crown,  in  Rochester.  We  are  glad  of  your 
safe  return.  Deliver  to  the  bearer,  Capt.  William  Geere,  70  bags  of 
saltpetre,  laden  by  our  factors,  William  Eaton  and  Benjamin  Russell, 
at  Saphia,  and  nine  chests  of  sugars,  laden  at  Sallee  by  Robert  Blake, 
upon  the  Convertive;  also  our  letters,  if  you  have  any,  from 
Mr.  Blake  or  our  factor.     [1  p.] 

82.  Petition  of  Thomas  CoUeyn,  of  Little  Norton,  co.  Derby,  to 
Archbishop  Laud.  Petitioner,  about  five  years  since,  married  Eliza- 
beth Ellis,  widow,  who,  after  her  intermarriage,  lived  for  some  small 
time  in  a  peaceable  manner  with  petitioner,  but  about  four  years 
since  she  was  inveigled  by  Thomas  Wood,  her  son-in-law,  and  Henry 
Ellis,  a  kinsman  of  her  former  husband,  to  forsake  petitioner,  where- 
upon she  has  not  only  denied  to  cohabit  with  him  these  four  years 
past,  but  has  purloined  so  much  of  petitioner's  goods  as  amounts  to 
400?.,  which  she,  Wood,  and  Ellis  detain,  and  have  let  several  sums 
of  money  (being  the  proceeds)  out  at  interest  in  other  men's  names, 
by  reason  whereof  petitioner  is  much  impoverished.  Prays  warrant 
to  apprehend  the  said  Elizabeth,  Wood,  and  Ellis  to  answer  their 
doings.     [1  p.\    Endorsed, 

82.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  take  order  therein  as  he 

shall  find  just.    2^rd  October  1638.     [3  lines.'} 

83.  Robert  Tooker  to  Nicholas.  Introduces  the  bearer,  his  son-in- 
law,  to  transact  some  business  connected  with  the  account  for  ship- 
money  of  the  writer  as  mayor  of  Winchester  last  year.     Reminds 


70 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Oct.  23. 


Oct.  23. 

Leicester. 


Oct.  23. 

Leicester. 


Oct.  24. 


Vol.  CCCC. 

Nicholas  that  they  were  once  schoolfello'ws  and  playmates,  and  that 
Nicholas's  father  lived  in  the  deanery,  and  Dr.  Tooker,  the  writer's 
father,  not  far  from  it,  and  that  Nicholas's  brother.  Dr.  Nicholas, 
succeeded  Dr.  Tooker  in  Dean.     [Seal  with  arms.     |  ^.] 

Funeral  certificate  by  William  Eiley,  Bluemantle,  of  Robert  Lord 
Petre,  Baron  Petre  of  Writtle,  Essex,  who  died  at  West  Thorndon 
this  day,  and  was  buried  in  an  old  vault  appropriated  to  his  family 
in  the  chancel  of  the  parish  church  of  Ingatestone.  He  married  Mary, 
daughter  of  Anthony  Viscount  Montague,  of  Cowdray,  Sussex,  by 
whom  he  had  issue  five  sons  and  two  daughters,  viz.,  William,  the 
eldest  SOD,  then  Lord  Petre,  aged  11  years  or  thereabouts;  John, 
second  son ;  Francis,  third  son ;  Thomas,  fourth  son ;  Anthony,  fifth 
son ;  Mary,  eldest  daughter ;  and  Dorothy,  second  daughter ;  both 
as  yet  unmarried.     \_See  Vol.  ccclx.,p.  11.     i  p-^ 

84.  Reginald  Burden  to  [Sir  John  Lambe].  Letter  of  intelligence 
in  various  pending  ecclesiastical  causes.  Mr.  Crofts  is  kept  out  at 
Foston  vi  et  arvnis,  and  Mr.  Thorneton  is  captain  of  the  company. 
Mr.  Clayton,  of  Shawell,  is  the  same  man.  Since  your  sentence  he 
has  been  at  Rugby,  and  there  received  the  communion  at  the  hands  of 
Mr.  Nalton,  parson,  of  Rugby,  standing,  and  not  kneeling  ;  Mr.  Tovey, 
rector  of  Kilmcott  [Kimcote],  will  make  it  good.  William  Bale's  wench, 
for  whom  he  commuted  at  Harb[orough],  viz.,  Ann  Cheese,  is  come 
down  gallant,  and  some  say  she  is  married.  I  have  given  order  to 
call  her  coram  in  proximo.  The  sad  news  of  the  plague  at  Leicester 
I  suppose  you  have  received.  My  children  are  all  here,  and  my 
wife  and  other  people  at  Aynho.  I  am  going  to  fetch  her  to  her 
children.  When  the  next  courts  are  passed  I  resolve  to  wait  on 
you.  Recommends  Mr.  Pole,  M.A.,  of  St.  John's,  Cambridge,  for 
Kibworth  school.  Of  long  time  he  has  been  belonging  to  Sir  William 
Faunt,  and  Mr.  Carter's  distressed  wife  is  this  Pole's  sister.  Conceives 
that  Mr.  Crofts  may  by  them  have  intelligence  and  much  further- 
ance in  his  Foston  business.     [2  pp.] 

85.  William  Heaward  to  [the  same].  Similar  letter.  Our  courts 
are  all  over.  Mr.  Noel  went  presently  to  London.  Mr.  Coker  set  for- 
ward this  day.  Our  next  court  is  appointed  at  Oadby,  9th  November. 
Hancock  has  confessed  the  fact  for  which  he  was  questioned,  and  Mr. 
Burden  has  enjoined  him  penance  twice  in  a  sheet,  upon  one  Sunday 
and  one  holiday.  Suspicion  of  the  plague  at  Leicester.  Dr.  Lake  is 
in  consequence  casting  about  where  to  get  a  convenient  place  in 
the  country  for  his  office.  The  writer  asks  permission  to  go  to 
live  at  Oadby.  Complains  of  Thomas  Sargeant,  of  Melton  Mow- 
bray, an  attorney,  who  having  retained  the  writer  as  his  proctor 
in  a  cause  against  Thomas  Clowdesley  and  William  Raynes,  church- 
wardens of  that  town,  after  a  time  retained  Mr.  Whitehead  as  his 
proctor  without  paying  the  writer  his  fees.     [1  p.] 

Petition  of  Peter  Richaut,  merchant,  to  the  King.  Ever  since 
1621  the  King  of  Spain  has  been  indebted  to  petitioner  50,000 
crowns  or  thereabouts,  part  being  for  100  pieces  of  ordnance  which 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  71 


1638.  ^'^^-  CiCCC. 

King  James  gave  leave,  for  a  special  favour,  to  the  Conde  de  Gon- 
domar  to  transport  into  Portugal  for  his  master's  use,  and  likewise 
for  money  lent  here  unto  D[on]  Carlos  Coloma,  the  King's  ambas- 
sador, and  lastly  for  confiscation  in  Spain  of  a  ship  belongiag  to 
petitioner,  which  being  unjustly  done,  he  obtained  a  sentence  of 
vista  and  revista  in  his  favour.  Of  the  total  debt  petitioner  is  able 
to  make  good  proof,  and  for  payment  petitioner  has  ever  since  1621 
solicited  not  only  himself,  but  by  Lord  Cottington,  when  ambassador 
in  Spain,  and  by  other  men  of  power,  and  lastly  by  sending  two  of 
his  sons  thither,  but  has  obtained  nothing  but  promises  and 
delays,  and  believes  that  he  shall  never  come  to  his  right  except 
by  his  Majesty's  royal  favour.  Prays  that  being  there  is  now 
at  Dover  or  in  the  Downs  certain  moneys  out  of  Spain,  sent 
from  the  King  of  Spain's  factor  or  collector  into  Flanders  for 
the  said  King's  use,  his  Majesty  will  give  petitioner  leave  to 
arrest  such  part  of  the  said  moneys  as  will  satisfy  the  said  debt, 
and  likewise  to  have  his  course  of  law  in  the  Court  of  Admiralty. 
[Copy.    See  Vol.  cccxxiii.,  p.  330.    |-  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  8ir  Henry  Marten  to  certify  his  Majesty  what 
course  may  be  taken  for  satisfaction  of  this  debt.  White- 
hall, 24<th  October  1638.     ICopy.     Ibid.,  p.  331.     i  p.^ 

Oct.  24.  86.  Petition  of  Dame  Mary  Bartlett,  widow,  Allan  Boteler,  and 
Katherine,  his  wife,  administratrix  to  her  late  father,  Sir  Thomas 
Bartlett,  and  divers  others  of  that  family,  to  the  Council.  About 
the  15  th  of  King  James,  Sir  Thomas  Bartlett,  being  carver  ia 
ordinary  to  the  late  Queen  Anne,  did,  with  the  expense  of  all  his 
estate,  amounting  to  about  40,000?.,  settle  the  pin  office,  and  procure 
a  confirmation  thereof  from  his  Majesty  for  London  and  three  miles 
about,  and  contracted  with  the  company  to  sell  them  wire  and  take 
off  their  pins  at  certain  rates.  Sir  Thomas  dying,  John  Bartlett, 
his  son,  petitioned  for  enlarging  the  grant  over  England  and  Wales, 
which  was  referred  to  Lord  Cottington  and  Sec.  Windebank,  and 
while  the  cause  was  in  agitation  Attorney-General  Noy  and  the 
said  John  Bartlett  both  died,  and  one  Lydsey,  a  haberdasher  of 
small  wares,  undertook  to  manage  the  same  as  an  accountant,  but 
surreptitiously  gained  a  grant  in  his  own  name,  and  has  ever  since 
enjoyed  the  same.  Pray  power  to  Lord  Cottington  and  Sec.  Win- 
debank (the  former  referees)  to  hear  the  complaints  of  petitioners, 
and  if  upon  examination  they  think  fit,  that  a  commission  may  issue, 
upon  whose  certificate  the  Lords  may  put  an  end  to  these  differences. 
[1^  p."]     Underwritten, 

86. 1.  Reference  to  Lord  Cottington  and  Sec.  Windebank  to  pro- 
ceed in  the  examination  of  the  particulars  complained  of 
and  to  report  their  opinion'^  to  the  Board.  Star  Chamber, 
2Uh  October  1Q38.     [^  p.} 

[Oct.  24  ?]       87.  Full  statement  of  the  case  of  the  above  petitioners,  drawn  up 
in  16  numbered- paragraphs.     [5  pp."] 


72  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCC. 

[Oct.  24  ?]  88.  Similar  statement  of  objections  likely  to  be  made  by  Lydsey, 
with  the  answers  thereto  ;  part  of  the  same  in  the  handwriting  of 
Thomas  Meautys,  and  endorsed  "  Capt.  Butler."     [If  p.] 

Oct.  24.  89.  Petition  of  the  Churchwardens  of  the  parish  of  St.  Edmund's, 
in  Salisbury,  in  behalf  of  the  parish,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Sir 
Giles  Estcourt  being  seized  in  fee  simple  of  the  churchyard  of  the 
said  parish,  and  of  divers  timber  trees  upon  the  same,  as  his  lay 
inheritance,  cut  down  certain  trees  upon  the  said  churchyard,  where- 
upon petitioners  were  suitors  to  you  to  stay  Sir  Giles  from  felling  any 
more  of  the  said  trees,  which  might  have  been  very  prejudicial  to 
the  church  for  want  of  timber  to  repair  the  same.  Whei-eupon  Sir 
Giles  not  only  gave  the  parish  such  trees  as  he  had  felled,  to  the 
repair  of  the  church,  which  is  in  great  decay,  but  also  conveyed 
the  churchyard  and  the  trees  upon  the  same,  worth  near  2001.,  to 
the  use  of  the  parish  for  ever.  Nevertheless,  Sir  Giles  is  again 
drawn  into  question  for  the  same  matters,  but  without  the  privity 
of  petitioners,  who  conceive  themselves  obliged  to  crave  your  favour- 
able interpretation  of  his  charitable  and  pious  work.  [f  p.] 
Underwritten, 

89. 1.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe  to  give  the  archbishop  an 
account  whether  the  deed  here  mentioned  be  made  in  such 
manner  as  is  fitting  for  the  benefit  of  ike  Ghurcli,  October 
24!th,  1638.     [1  p.}     Annexed, 

89.  II.  Copy  of  chaHer  of  foundation  of  the  college  of  St.  Edmund, 
in  Salisbury,  by  Walter,  Bishop  of  Salisbury ;  dated  I2th 
of  the  Kalends  of  March,  1268.     \Lat.     2  pp.'] 

89.  III.  Particulars  of  grant  of  the  college  of  St.  Edmund,  Salis- 
bury, to  William  Symbarbe  [St.  Barbe],  5th  September, 
38th  Henry  VIII.,  with  reservation  of  the  parsonages  of 
St.  Edmund  and  St.  Martin,  in  the  same  city,  which 
thenceforth  were  to  be  presentative.     [^  p.] 

89.  IV.  Notes  of  presentations  to  St.  Edmund's  and  St.  Martin's 
above  mentioned,  from  1556  to  1606.     [|  p.^ 

Oct.  25.  90.  Petition  of  Christopher  Vernon,  one  of  the  secondaries  in  the 
OiEce  of  the  Pipe  in  the  Exchequer,  to  the  King.  Petitioner,  by  the 
King's  special  direction,  had  of  Late,  at  liis  own  charge,  prosecuted  a 
biU  in  the  Star  Chamber,  in  tlie  name  of  the  Attorney-General, 
against  the  now  clerk  of  the  pipe  [Sir  Henry  Croke],  for  undue  pro- 
tracting many  of  the  King's  most  sperate  farms  and  debts,  and  for  ex- 
torting from  the  King's  subjects  great  sums  of  money  by  way  of  fees, 
which  offences  the  King  had  pardoned,  but  without  the  said  pardon 
extending  to  discharge  any  debt  due.  The  debts  in  the  schedule 
annexed  have  been,  by  the  pains  of  petitioner,  found  out  and  alleged 
in  the  said  bill,  and  since  the  stay  of  proceedings  on  the  said  bill 
1,136?.  4s.,  part  of  the  same,  has  been  granted  to  James  Levingston, 
one  of  the  grooms  of  the  bedchamber,  reserving  a  fourth  part  only  to 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  73 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCC. 

the  King's  use.  There  remains  l,ldOl.  is.  l^d.  over  and  above  the 
grant  to  Mr.  Levingston.  Petitioner  sets  forth  his  services,  and 
prays  a  grant  of  the  same  remainder,  and  he  will,  at  his  own  charge, 
prosecute  for  the  recovery  thereof.     [^  p.]     Annexed, 

90.  I.  Schedule  of  the  debts  charged  in  the  hill  in  the  Star  Chamber 
against  Sir  Henry  Grolce,  principally  balances  owing 
from,  sheriffs,  and  one  sum,  of  1,1  ZQl.  4s.,  due  from  Wil- 
liam Viscount  Wallingford,  and  granted  to  James 
Levingston.  The  whole  sum,  was  2,326^  8s.  l^d.  [  =  2 pp.] 
Written  under  the  above  petition, 

90.  II.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  to  consider  the  petition 
and  inform  himself  of  petitioner's  service,  and  to  certify 
what  reward  he  thinks  fit.  Whitehall,  25th  October  1638. 
[Draft,     ip.-] 

Oct.  25.  Warrant  to  pay  500Z.  to  Alexander  Herriot,  his  Majesty's  jeweller, 
for  a  fair  diamond  ring  facetted.     [I)ocquet.] 

Oct.  25.  Pardon  to  Robert  Parker  alias  Yeo  for  horse  stealing,  whereof  he 
was  convicted  in  1624,  also  of  what  he  had  forfeited  to  the  Crown 
for  the  same,  and  that  he  shall  not  be  compelled  to  put  in  sureties 
for  good  behaviour.     [^Docquef] 

Oct.  25.  91.  Officers  of  the  Mint  to  the  Council.  At  the  last  trial  of  the 
The  Mint,  pix  you  Were  informed  how  the  trial  pieces  for  gold  and  silver 
moneys  were  dispssed  of,  and  it  appearing  that  the  said  pieces  being 
indented  and  cut  into  six  parts,  four  of  them  remained  in  England, 
(viz.)  the  first  in  the  Exchequer,  the  second  with  the  warden  of  the 
Mint,  the  third  with  the  master-workers,  and  the  fourth  with  the 
wardens  of  the  goldsmiths,  and  two  were  sent  into  Scotland,  one  for 
the  receipt  and  the  other  for  the  Mint  there,  that  the  moneys  there 
to  be  coined  might  agi-ee  with  the  standard  of  England,  and  there- 
upon you  commanded  us  to  make  trial  how  the  said  moneys  did 
agree.  The  assay  master  has  made  assays  of  gold  and  silver  moneys 
lately  coined  at  Edinburgh,  and  finds  as  follows ;  viz.,  the  gold 
moneys  to  be  worse  than  standard  at  the  pound  weight  one  hundred 
and  twenty  grains,  and  the  silver  moneys  to  be  worse  than  standard 
at  the  pound  weight  three  pennyweights,  and  some  of  them  four 
pennyweights  and  a  half.  And  herewith  agrees  the  report  of  the  assay 
master  of  Goldsmiths'  Hall,  which  moneys,  had  they  been  coined 
in  England,  must  have  been  broken  as  unlawful  moneys.     [1  p.'] 

Oct.  25.  92.  Sir  John  Lawrence  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Being  requested  by 
IvcT.  inhabitants  of  Norwood  to  testify  my  knowledge  concerning  Robert 
Bagly,  of  Iver,  where  I  live  ;  he  can  read  very  well  under  a  preach- 
ing minister,  but  preacher  nor  scholar  he  is  none,  having  never  been 
at  the  University  nor  understanding  Latin  ;  but  was  my  butler,  and 
being  put  out  of  my  service,  got  orders,  God  knows  how.  [Seal 
with  arms.    ^  p.] 


74  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCC. 

Oct.  25.  93.  Sir  John  Jacob  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Yesterday  a  messenger 
informed  me  that  Mrs.  Baber  was  taken  by  a  warrant,  and  was  to 
be  brought  into  further  examination..  I  solicit  you  that  if  she  shall 
deserve  any  punishment  she  may  have  it,  and  so  I  am  sure  I  shall 
have  justice,  for  I  know,  not  whether  she  be  manor  woman,  and 
therefore  have  received  much  injury  by  some  knavish  combination, 
which  has  so  much  troubled  me  that  I  could  not  rest  without  his 
Grace's  word  to  take  care  of  my  reputation.  In  her  examination 
my  suit  is  that  my  name  may  not  be  on  the  stage,  nor  myself  so 
much  as  named.  As  you  will  in  this  do  yourself  no  wrong,  so  shall 
you  do  me  a  greal  deal  of  justice.     [1  p.'] 

Oct.  25.  94  John  Newton,  Sheriif  of  co.  Montgomery,  to  .Nicholas.  I  have 
Heyghley.  gent  300?.  to  be  paid  to  Sir  William  Russell  towards  ship-money. 
It  pleased  God  to  visit  a  great  part  of  the  county  with  the  plague, 
and  three,  the  greatest,  towns,  Machynlleth,  Llanidloes,  and  New- 
town, and  because  there  were  collections  for  relief  of  these  distressed 
parts,  these  reasons  were  the  only  causes  of  my  being  so  long  in 
payment  of  this  money.  I  have  entreated  Richard  Sherer,  mer- 
chant, to  wait  upon  you  and  Sir  William  RusseU,  and  if  you  think 
the  day  prescribed  for  payment  too  long,  I  will  endeavour  to  make 
a  more  short  return.  When  this  money  is  received  the  arrear  will 
be  64)1.,  which  shall  be  paid  with  what  speed  may  be.  There  be  two 
of  the  collectors  dead  who  have  201.  in  their  hands,  which  I  cannot 
as  yet  get  from  their  executors.     [1  ^.] 

Oct.  25.  95.  Notes  by  Nicholas  concerning  what  was  testified  before  Sir 
Dudley  Carleton  and  himself  touching  the  complaint  of  [John] 
Langdon  against  [Augustine]  Dawney,  as  to  retailing  tobacco  in 
the  precinct  of  St.  Katherine's.     [/See  l7th  inst.,  No.  48.     1  p.'] 

Oct.  25.  96.  Extract  from  the  Register  of  the  High  Commission  Court  of 
the  sentence  passed  in  a  cause  against  the  inhabitants  of  Rodden 
alias  Royden,  co.  Somerset.  An  ancient  parochial  chapel  at  Rodden 
was,  A.D.  1279,  annexed  to  the  parish  church  of  Boyton  in  Wilts, 
and  at  length,  through  neglect  of  the  times,  divine  service  ceased  to 
be  celebrated  there,  and  the  chapel  was  emploj'ed  to  profane  uses,  the 
font-stone  being  sold  for  money  and  used  as  a  cheese  press,  and  the 
chapel  bell  sold  to  Sir  John  Thynne,  grandfather  of  the  then  Sir 
Thomas,  in  whose  i^house  at  Longleat,  in  the  east  end  of  a  stable,  it 
then  hung.  It  also  appeared  that  Sir  John  Danvers,  patron  of  the 
rectory  of  Boyton,  in  the  20th  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  demised  the  said 
chapel,  glebe,  and  tithes  to  Robert  Acourt,  grandfather  to  William 
Acourt,  the  present  lessee,  for  60  years,  if  Paul  French,  B.D.,  the 
then  rector  of  Boyton,  should  so  long  live,  and  that  the  said  chapel 
house,  glebe,  and  tithes  were  at  the  time  of  this  sentence  demised  unto 
William  Acourt  by  Mr.  Mervyn,  the  then  present  incumbent  of 
Boyton,  under  a  yearly  rent.  The  court  ordered  the  inhabitants,  at 
their  own  cost,  to  re-edify  the  said  chapel,  and  fit  it  with  all  things 
necessary  for  divine  worship  by  this  day  tw;elvemonth,  and  that  a 
rate  should  be  levied  on  the  lands  in  the  said  hatnlet  for  that  pur- 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  75 


]  638.  "^°^-  ^*^^^- 

pose,  and  a  plot  be  allotted  for  a  chapel  yard ;  the  chancel  to  be 
repaired  by  the  rector  of  Boyton,  and  the  inhabitants  of  Redden  to 
pay  the  prosecutor  his  costs.     [7J  pp.] 

Oct.  25.  97.  Similar  extract  of  the  sentence  in  a  cause  against  Nicholas 
Slater,  of  Eoj'den,  Essex,  yeoman,  and  Blanche  Cowper,  wife  of 
Thomas  Cowper,  of  Limehouse,  Middlesex.  Defendants  being  both 
married  persons  had  committed  adultery  together  in  various  places 
and  on  many  occasions,  and  Slater,  without  licence,  like  a  vagabond 
and  a  mountebank,  had  wandered  up  and  down  the  kingdom,  pro- 
fessing physic  and  surgery,  and  carried  Blanche  about  with  him 
from  place  to  place.  Slater  was  committed  close  prisoner  to  New- 
gate, and  Blanche  to  the  old  Bridewell,  there  to  remain  during 
pleasure,  no  resort  being  permitted  to  Slater  under  pretence  of  using 
him  for  physic.  They  were  also  added  public  penance  in  Ware 
and  Stepney,  and  Slater  was  fined  l,000i.  and  Blanche  100?.  to  his 
Majesty.  Slater  was  also  ordered  to  allow  his  wife  Elizabeth  40 
marks  alimony  per  annum,  and  both  defendants  were  condemned  in 
costs  of  suit.     [3  pp.} 

Oct.  26.  Pardon  to  John  Pay,  feodary  of  cos.  Salop  and  Montgomery,  of 
all  offences  committed  by  him  in  his  office  and  his  employments  in 
the  court  of  wards  and  liveries.     [Bocquet.l 

Oct.  26.  Grant  to  Edward  Manning  in  fee  farm  of  the  manors  of  Bradbuiy 
and  Hilton  co.  Durham,  under  550?.  yearly  rent.     [Bocquet.'] 

Oct.  26.  Warrant  to  the  Treasurer  of  the  Chamber  for  payment  of  18d. 
per  diem  to  Thomas  Mellersh,  his  Majesty's  coffer-keeper,  for  life, 
from  the  decease  of  Robert  Johnson,  the  late  coffer-keeper.  [Boc- 
quet.'] 

Oct.  26.  98.  Anthony  Whalley,  Bailiff  of  St.  Katherine's,  near  the  Tower, 
and  John  Leigh  to  Nicholas.  We  understand  that  John  Langdon 
has  made  complaint  against  us  about  shutting  up  his  house.  Some 
two  years  ago,  he  turning  his  maid-servant  out  of  doors  betwixt  nine 
and  ten  of  the  clock  at  night,  and  it  being  repoited  by  the  neigh- 
bours that  she  had  the  plague  we  carried  her  to  him  again,  and  next 
morning  sent  the  searchers  to  cearch  her,  but  Langdon  would  not 
suffer  them  so  to  do,  whereupon  we  shut  up  his  doors,  as  we  hope  was 
lawful.     Ys  P-] 

Oct.  26.  99.  Inigo  Jones  to  the  Council.  According  to  your  order  of  the 
19th  inst.  concerning  the  divisions  made  in  several  parts  of  St. 
James's  field,  and  a  bridge  of  bricks  begun  for  passage  of  carts  into 
the  said  field,  I  have  spoken  with  Archibald  Lumsdale,  the  tenant, 
and  showed  him  your  order  for  demolishing  the  bridge,  taking  away 
the  rails,  and  laying  plain  the  ditch,  all  which  he  has  undertaken 
shall  be  done  by  Thursday  next.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  26.        100.  The  same  to  the  same.    According  to  j'-our  order  of  the 
21st  inst.  concerning  the  buildings  of  John  Ward  between  Long 


76  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCC. 

Acre  and  Covent  Garden,  I  have  again  viewed  the  place,  and  com- 
pared it  with  a  plot  made  by  "Ward  of  the  houses  he  intends  to 
build.  For  the  entrance  into  the  ground  from  Long  Acre  he  intends 
to  make  an  alley  nine  feet  wide,  and  to  build  it  overhead  44  feet  in 
length.  Details  Ward's  plan  for  the  construction  of  17  small  houses. 
One  of  the  ways  which  he  speaks  of  to  be  made  to  go  out  of  this 
alley  into  Covent  Garden  is  througb  the  garden  of  Lady  Stanhope, 
and  the  other  through  the  gardens  of  several  persons.  Whether 
the  pestering  of  such  places  with  alleys  of  mean  houses,  having  but 
one  way  to  them  and  no  other  way  to  go  out,  be  against  the  intention 
of  the  Proclamation  for  Buildings  I  leave  you  to  consider.     [2  pp.\ 

Oct.  2  6.  101.  Plan  of  John  W^ard's  proposed  buildings  between  Long  Acre 
and  Covent  Garden  referred  to  in  the  preceding  letter.     [1  p.'] 

Oct.  26.  102.  Six  receipts  for  40s.,  each  being  for  money  paid  by  the  church- 
wardens of  St.  Swithin's,  London,  to  Ambrose  Boone,  for  the  use  of 
Martha  Harvie,  widow,  in  part  of  32?.  2s.  Od.  belonging  to  the  widow 
but  remaining  in  the  hands  of  the  churchwardens.  The  first  receipt  is 
dated  3rd  June  1638,  the  last  this  day.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  26.  103.  List  of  persons  certified  by  the  late  bailiffs  of  Shrewsbury  as 
defaulters  to  the  ship-money.  Thirteen  had  departed  the  town  since 
the  assessment,  two  were  dead,  and  60  were  obstinate  or  poor.  [^Under- 
written is  an  affidavit  of  John  Tench,  one  of  the  sergeants-at-mace 
of  the  said  town,  in  verification  of  the  list,  and  that  he  had  endured 
many  scandalous,  opprobrious,  and  threatening  speeches  in  his 
endeavour  to  collect  the  amount.     =^ip-1 

Oct.  26.  104.  Report  of  Capt.  William  Legge  on  the  condition  of  the  fort 
on  Holy  Island.  States  the  nature  and  situation  of  the  place,  its 
importance,  the  necessity  for  repairs,  and  for  the  payment  of  the 
wages  of  the  garrison,  which  had  been  assigned  to  be  paid  out  of  the 
revenues  of  Yorkshire,  but  cannot  be  obtained.  The  estimate  for 
the  repairs  made  by  Sir  William  Widdrington  is  nothing  amiss 
[^i  PP-]    Annexed, 

104.  I.  Survey  of  the  fort  taken  by  Sir  William  Widdrington 
and  Ralph  Errington  on  IQth  April  1638,  comprising  an 
estimateofthe  sum  needful  for  repairs  (totall29L  18s.)  and 
an  CKCount  of  the  ammunition  then  in  the  fort.     [3  pp."] 

Oct.  26.  Copy  of  the  same  with  the  survey  annexed.  [See  Vol.  cccxcvi. 
pp.  25-30.     5J  pp.] 

Oct.  27.  105.  Petition  of  the  Mayor,  Bailiffs,  and  Burgesses  of  Berwick-upon- 
Tweed  to  the  King.  Upon  information  given  to  your  Majesty  that 
there  were  certain  grounds  in  possession  of  Sir  James  Douglas  lying 
near  the  walls  of  Berwick,  into  which  petitioners  had  put  some 
cattle,  and  had  impounded  some  of  the  cattle  of  Sir  James  Douglas's 
tenants  th^eof,  your  Majesty  was  thereupoij.  pleased  to  signify 
that  petitioners  should  forbear  such  acts  till  their  title  to  the  said 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  77 


jggg  Vol.  CCCC. 

grounds  was  made  good  by  due  course  of  law.  The  ground  claimed 
by  Sir  James  lies  within  the  old  wall  of  the  town,  called  the  Scotch 
■wall,  and  between  it  and  the  new  wall,  and  is  no  parcel  of  any  of 
the  possessions  of  Sir  James  Douglas,  but  ever  since  the  charter  of 
King  James  has  been  enjoyed  by  petitioners  and  their  predecessors, 
and  if  Sir  James  conceives  himself  to  have  any  right  thereto  he  may 
commence  suit  against  petitioners.     [1  p.1     Ilndorsed, 

105.  I.  Minute  of  the  wish  of  his  Majesty  that  petitioners  and 
Sir  James  Douglas  might  in  a  friendly  manner  agree 
hetxveen  themselves,  otherwise  the  latu  is  open  to  them. 
Whitehall,  27th  October  1638.     [i  p.] 

105.  ir.  Copy  of  a  letter  probably  suggested  to  be  luritten  by  the 

King  to  the  Mayor  and  others  of  Berwick  in  conformity 
with  his  Majesty's  pleasure  intimated  in  No.  i.     [|  ^.] 

Oct.  27.  106.  Petition  of  William  Flood,  vicar  of  Dorney,  co.  Buckingham, 
to  the  King.  The  said  vicarage  being  worth  but  25Z.  per  annum, 
and  great  part  thereof  consisting  of  the  tithes  of  coppice  woods,  which 
of  late  have  been  grubbed  up  and  converted  into  arable,  petitioner 
is  altogether  disabled  to  maintain  himself  and  family  as  becometh 
his  calling  and  function,  by  reason  that  Sir  John  Parsons,  who  has 
the  impropriate  parsonage  there,  has  all  the  tithe  corn  out  of  those 
very  lands  which  heretofore  paid  tithe  wood  to  the  vicarage.  Prays 
reference  to  Archbishop  Laud  and  others  of  the  Council.  []  pi\ 
Endorsed, 

106.  I.  Reference  to  the  Archbishop,  the  Lord  Keeper,  and  the 

Lord  Privy  Seal  to  send  for  Sir  John  Parsons  and  take 
some  course  for  relief  of  petitioner.  Whitehall,  27th  October 
1638.     [ip.] 

1 06.  II.  Appointment  of  the  referees  to  hear  the  business  on  the 

21st  November  next.     Z\st  October  1638.     [6  linss.~\ 

Oct.  27.  107.  Petition  of  Edward  Watkins  and  Thomas  Aileway,  chief 
searchers  of  the  port  of  London,  to  the  same.  Your  Majesty  granted 
petitioners  for  life  the  office  of  chief  seai-chers,  with  all  emoluments, 
to  which  office  there  is  an  ancient  fee  belonging,  called  head-silver, 
to  be  taken  of  every  one  that  takes  [shipping]  at  the  said  port.  In 
i-ecard  that  head-silver  is  not  in  express  terms  granted  to  petitioners, 
the  under-searchers  of  the  port  claim  the  same  as  their  right, 
and  take  the  same  to  the  damage  of  petitioners.  Pray  a  confirmation 
of  their  office  of  chief  searchers,  and  a  grant  of  the  said  fee  in  express 
terms.     [|  p.]     Underwntten, 

107.  I.  Reference  to  Sec.  Coke,  calling  to  his  assistance  the  Solicitor- 

General,  to  toJce  order  for  renewing  the  grant  to  petitioners 
as  they  shall  find  agreeable  to  ancient  usage.  Whitehall, 
27th  October  1638.     [Slightly  damaged.     1  p.] 


78  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


Vol.  CCCC. 
1638. 
Oct.  27.  108.  Ealph  Pollard,  Mayor  of  St.  Alban's,  to  the  Council.  Answer 
to  the  excuses  alleged  by  Sir  John  Jennings  for  non-payment  of  the 
ship-money  assessed  upon  him  at  St.  Alban's.  The  sum  rated  on 
Sir  John  was  assessed  in  respect  of  his  estate  and  worth,  and  not 
of  the  small  quantity  of  land  he  holds.  If  the  rule  pretended  by 
him,  viz.  4s.  for  every  20  acres  of  land,  were  followed  at  St.  Alban's, 
he  whose  revenue  is  1,000Z.  per  annum  would  be  rated  at  4s.,  and  the 
whole  borough  would  not  amount  to  101.,  whereas  it  is  charged  at 
1201.  Sir  John's  charge  of  children  is  the  case  of  most  of  his 
neighbours,  who  have  not  a  sixth  part  of  his  estate,  and  as  to  his 
occasionally  residing  elsewhere  the  writer  believes  he  did  it  to  avoid 
the  ship-money,  being  very  unwilling  thereto  and  to  aU  other  rates 
for  his  Majesty.    [4  p.] 

Oct.  27.  109.  Petition  of  John  Vuglar,  clerk,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  By  the 
malice  of  some  ill-affected  persons,  petitioner  was  in  1636  convented 
before  the  Bishop  of  Exeter  and  wrongfully  accused  for  a  common 
drunkard  and  blasphemer,  for  which  he  was  suspended  ab  offi^cio  until 
upon  the  certificate  of  many  divines  and  others  he  was  cleared  and  re- 
stored. Petitioner  is  now  again  accused  for  the  same  suggested 
crimes  in  the  Court  of  High  Commission,  being  a  poor  curate  and 
having  a  wife  and  three  children  depending  wholly  upon  his  stipend, 
which  is  but  8Z.  per  annum.  Beseeches  the  archbishop  to  dismiss  the 
cause  with  some  reasonable  costs,  it  being  most  unjust  that  petitioner 
should  twice  suffer  for  one  and  the  same  suggestions,  [f  jp.]  Under 
written. 

109.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  peruse  the  articles  here 
tnentioned,  and  if  he  find  them  to  he  the  sarnie  for  which 
petitioner  wa^  censured  before  his  ordinary,  to  see  that 
the  cause    be  forthwith  dismissed.      October  27th,    1638. 

Oct.  27.  1 10.  John  Buxton,  late  sheriff  of  Norfolk,  to  Nicholas.  I  have 
East  Wretham.  paid  in  this  week  300J.  more  of  ship-money  in  arrear,  which  will  be 
repaid  by  the  merchant  to  Sir  WiUiam  Russell  on  "Wednesday 
sennight.  There  remaias  now  not  above  llOl.  18s.  7d.,  whereof  there 
is  781.  due  from  the  hundred  of  Blofield,  the  chief  constables,  of  the 
said  hundred  having  entered  bond  to  Sir  Dudley  Carleton  to  pay  in 
all  arrears  on  the  27th  September  last,  and  yet  they  are  in  arrear  so 
"  importunate "  a  sum,  and  are  so  tardy  in  the  service,  that  they 
deserve  to  be  made  examples.  They  are  "  responsive  "  men,  and  able 
to  satisfy  the  bond  they  have  entered  of  100^.  to  pay  in  the  money, 
which  I  desire  may  be  accordingly  pursued  against  them.  Their 
names  are  Matthew  Stephenson  and  Roger  Reynolds,  and  I  desire 
that  I  may  be  discharged  of  the  78^.  the}'  are  in  arrear ;  without 
question  the  moneys  may  easily  be  recovered  of  them  upon  the  bond. 
They  are  such  factious,  peremptory  fellows  that  their  ill  example, 
besides  their  persuasions  in  a  secret  way,  has  retarded  others  from 
the  execution  of  the  warrants  I  daily  sent  out  for  distress,  and 
therefore  they  deserve  no  favour,  and  Stephenson  more  especially  has 
bragged  since  his  return  from  the  Board  that  God  strengthened  him  in 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  79 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

a  marvellous  maimer,  and  that  he  answered  boldly  and  undauntedly  for 
himself.  I  have  been  much  perplexed  to  hear  of  Ms  daily  ostentations 
in  that  kind,  and  am  persuaded  that  such  spirits  have  caused  it  to 
be  a  "work  of  such  difficulty.  Such  hundreds  as  bordered  upon 
Blofield  were  so  infected  by  the  vicinity  that  I  had  more  to  do  to 
collect  and  levy  their  arrearages  than  in  all  the  county  besides.  As  for 
the  321.  18s.  7^.  inarrear  of  other  hundreds  I  hope  to  get  it  in  within 
this  fortnight.     [1  ^.] 

Oct.  27.  111.  Bill  of  Robert  Burgh,  upholsterer,  for  51,  Os.  *7d.  with  receipt 
for  4i."  in  full."     [|^.] 

Oct.  27.  112.  Account  by  Sir  William  Russell  of  arrears  of  ship-money  for 
163-5.     Received,  2351.  2s.  8d.;  remains,  4,745Z.     [=  2pp.'] 

Oct  27.  113.  Similar  account  of  arrears  for  1636.  Received,  143?.  2s.  8d.  ; 
unpaid,  7,727Z.  13s.  6d.     [=2  pp.] 

Oct.  27.  114.  The  like  arrears  for  1637.  Total  received,  143,655Z.  6s.  Ur, 
unpaid,  52,759?.  Is.  ^sd.  By  an  underwritten  note  it  is  stated  that 
1,127?.  9s.  9c?.  had  been  received  since  the  account  was  made  up. 
[  =  2  pp.] 

Oct.  27.  115.  Account  of  ship-moneys  remaining  in  the  hands  of  the  sheriffs, 
4,100?.,  which  added  to  the  sum  received  by  Sir  William  Russell 
made  the  total  collected  148,882?.     [1  p.] 

■  Oct.  28.  116.  Philip  Earl  of  Pembroke  and  Montgomery  to  Sir  John 
Whitehall.  Pennington.  I  render  you  in  the  name  of  our  association  thanks 
for  the  prize  you  lately  sent  us,  which  though  she  much  exceeds  the 
first  estimate  of  250?.,  yet  as  she  appears  to  be  worth  only  800?.  net, 
we  are  still  short  of  satisfaction  for  our  sufferings  from  the  Dunkirker 
almost  3,000?,  so  that  we  are  forced  to  desire  you  to  assist  us  by  taking 
other  of  their  ships  till  we  are  able  to  gain  to  such  a  sum,  for  which 
we  conceive  you  have  sufficient  warrant.  I  wonder  that  having 
sent  word  to  your  kinsman  that  the  two  brace  of  does  you  wrote  for 
should  be  ready  whensoever  he  required  them,  that  notwithstanding 
I  hear  no  more  from  him.     [Seal  with  arms.     |  p.] 

Oct.  29.  Presentation  of  Morgan  Godwyn,  LL.D.,  to  the  rectory  of  Llangan, 

in  diocese  of  Llandaff,  void  by  death  of  last  incumbent  and  in  his 
Majesty's  gift  hdc  vice,  by  reason  of  the  minority  of  John  Thomas, 
his  Majesty's  ward.     [Bocquet] 

Oct  29.  Cong^  d'elire  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Peterborough,  that  see 
being  void  by  death  of  the  late  bishop.     [Docquet^^ 

Oct,  29.  Letter  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Peterborough  to  elect  John 
Towres,  D.D.,  to  be  bishop  of  that  see.     [Bocquet] 

Oct.  29.  Grant  of  a  prebend's  place  in  the  church  of  Westminster  to  Jona- 
than Browne,  LL.D.,  during  his  life,  void  bj'  promotion  of  Dr. 
Towres  to  the  bishopric  of  Peterborough.     [DocqiMt] 


80  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  1. 


1G38.  V«^-  CC^C- 

Oct.  29.  Grant  of  a  prebend's  place  in  the  church  of  Windsor  fo  James 

Rowlandson,  D.D.,  void  by  the  death  of  Dr.  Sunnybank.   [Bocqv^t] 

Oct.  29.  Grant  of  the  Deanery  of  Peterborough  to  Thomas  Jackson,  D.D., 

void  by  the  promotion  of  Dr.  Towres  to  the  bishopric  of  Peterborough. 
[Doequet] 

Oct.  29.  117.  Sir  William  Belasys,  Sheriff  of  co.  Durham,  to  Nicholas.  I 
Durham,  have  received  a  sharp  letter  from  the  Council  much  blaming  me  for 
backwardness  in  the  shipping  collection,  which  I  can  in  no  way 
amend,  for  I  have  not  been  one  week  silent,  but  have  still  called  on 
the  high  constables  for  effecting  thereof,  which  by  them  is  not  yet 
done.  Before  I  received  this  letter  from  the  Council,  I  had  sent  up 
more  than  was  formerly  paid  in,  370?.,  which  I  hope  will  be  paid  to 
Sir  William  Russell  before  the  receipt  of  this  letter,  so  that  there  is 
not  so  much  "  arered  "  as  is  pretended.  The  greatest  obstacle  of 
this  collection  is  occasioned  by  the  coal-owners  of  Newcastle,  whose 
coals  and  keels  though  I  have  caused  them  to  be  arrested,  yet  still  they 
take  them  away  and  vend  them  in  the  port  of  Newcastle  without 
the  county,  to  the  great  prejudice  of  the  service,  [^Margin  by 
Nicholas  :  "  He  should  send  up  the  names  of  those  that  take  away  the 
heeh ;"]  for  which  cause  I  entreat  you  to  procure  the  Lords'  letters 
to  the  mayor  of  Newcastle,  without  whose  assistance  tlie  keelmen 
living  there  cannot  by  my  officers  be  arrested.  I  desire  you  there- 
fore to  present  my  suit  to  the  Lords.     \^Seal  with  crest,     f  p.] 

Oct.  29.  118.  Archbishop  Laud  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Chester.  I 
am  informed  that  in  your  quadrangle  or  abbey  court  at  Chester 
the  bishop's  house  takes  up  one  side  of  the  quadrangle,  that  an- 
other side  has  in  it  the  dean's  house  and  some  buildings  for  singing 
men,  that  the  third  side  has  in  it  one  prebend's  house  only  and 
the  rest  is  turned  to  a  malthouse,  and  that  the  fourth  side  (where 
the  grammar  school  stood)  is  turned  to  a  common  brewhouse,  and 
was  let  into  lives  by  your  imworthy  predecessors.  This  malthouse 
and  brewhouse  must  by  noise,  smoke,  and  filth  infinitely  annoy 
both  the  bishop's  house  and  your  own,  and  I  much  wonder  that 
any  men  of  ordinary  discretion  should  for  such  a  little  tri[fling]  gain 
bring  such  a  mischief  (for  less  it  is  not)  upon  the  place  of  their  own 
dwelling.  Hitherto  this  concerns  your  predecessors  and  not  your- 
selves. That  which  follows  will  appear  to  be  j^our  own  fiiult.  Not 
long  since  the  brewer  died,  and  though  the  King's  letters  were  then 
come  down  to  you  to  forbid  letting  into  lives,  yet  you  renewed  it 
again  into  three  lives  for  a  poor  sum  of  30?.  This  was  very  ill 
done,  and  should  his  Majesty  be  made  acquainted  with  it,  you  would 
not  be  able  to  answer  it.  Now  I  hear  the  brewer's  wife  is  dead, 
and  you  have  given  me  cause  to  fear  that  you  will  fill  up  the  lease 
again  with  another  life,  and  then  there  will  be  no  end  of  this  mis- 
chief I  have  therefore  moved  his  Majesty  in  tliis  particular,  and  he 
has  required  me  to  lay  his  commands  upon  you  that  you  do  not 
presume  to  let  any  part  of  that  court  to  any  other  than  the  prebends 
or  other  necessary  members  of  the  church,  and  that  for  the  present 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  81 


1638.  Vol.  CCCC. 

you  renew  neither  term  of  life  nor  term  of  years,  either  to  the 
brewer  or  maltster,  but  that  you  suffer  them  to  wear  out  that  term 
■which  they  have,  and  then  reserve  the  place  for  the  use  aforesaid. 
And  you  are  further,  by  the  same  command,  to  register  these  letters. 
[Draft.  Written  on  the  blank  leaf  of  a  letter  addressed  to  Arch- 
bishop Laud.    Seal  with  arms  of  the  writer  of  that  letter.    |  p."] 

Oct.  29.  119.  Sir  John  Lambe  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Chester.  A  great 
mishap  has  befallen  Mr.  Kilvert,  and  some  loss  to  his  Majesty.  IJpon 
the  writ  of  inquiry  for  the  Bishop  of  Lincoln's  goods  and  chattels, 
Kilvert,  with  much  ado,  found  out  the  next  advowson  of  the  r[ectory] 
of  Braunston  [Branston],  co.  Lincoln,  which  the  bishop  had  bought, 
which  being  wrong  returned  by  the  sheriff  he  took  another  writ, 
and  found  it  again  at  the  value  of  100  marks,  and  this  term  had 
out  his  writ  of  vendicioni  exponas.  These  cost  him  oOl.  or  601.  in 
the  charges  of  the  two  inquisitions  and  the  writ  of  vendicioni 
exponas,  which  he  had  not  till  Saturday  last,  before  which  day  the 
incumbent  died,  and  now,  as  I  conceive,  the  King  must  give  it 
freely,  and  so  loses  100  marks  that  it  was  found  at,  and  Kilvert  501. 
or  601.  charges  and  all  his  pains.  Upon  search,  I  find  it  to  be  but 
181.  17s.  lOd.  in  the  King's  books,  so  that  I  doubt  my  Lord  Keeper 
wiU  have  the  benefit  of  the  King's  loss  and  Kilvert's,  unless  you 
can  do  some  favour  for  Kilvert's  clerk.  One  Rowlett  died  a 
bachelor  in  Lincolnshire,  worth  300?.  in  goods,  besides  some  lands, 
without  any  kindred.  The  Queen,  as  lady  of  the  manor,  claims  the 
land  as  escheated,  and  one  of  her  servants  has  begged  the  goods, 
whicB,  as  I  conceive,  do  not  escheat,  but  belong  to  you  to  dispose  of 
as  ordinary.     [Draft.     \  p^ 

Oct.  29.  120.  Henry  Earl  of  Stamford  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  I  desire  your 
Bradgate.  favour  to  acquaint  the  Archbishop  with  this  relation.  About  a 
fortnight  since,  as  I  came  from  hunting,  I  heard,  not  far  out  of  my 
way,  certain  falconers.  It  being  within  my  royalty  I  made  the 
more  haste  to  see  who  they  were,  and  there  I  found  one  parson  Smith, 
of  Swithland,  and  his  company ;  he  with  a  hawk  upon  his  fist 
and  speaking  unto  his  dogs.  So  I  repaired  unto  him  and  told  him 
that  I  wondered  much  how  he  durst  be  so  bold  to  take  his  plea- 
sure within  my  royalties,  having  been  often  discharged.  He  an- 
swered that  the  laws  of  the  realm  allowed  it  him,  and  so  long  as 
the  King  lived  he  would  take  his  pastimes  at  his  pleasure.  I 
replied  that  wiUnin  his  own  lands  and  liberties  he  might  do  what 
he  pleased,  but  he  had  no  property  in  mine,  therefore  I  discharged 
him  absolutely.  Besides  some  other  unmannerly  speeches,  he  told 
me  that  he  would  halt  there,  whereupon  I  was  very  much  moved 
at  it,  and  did  make  offer  to  catch  off  his  hawk's  neck,  but  he  cast 
off  his  hawk  from  his  fist  and  bore  at  me  with  his  other  hand,  and 
so  caught  hold  of  my  shoulder.  I,  for  my  own  defence,  caught  hold 
of  a  riband  he  wore  across  his  body  like  a  gallant,  believing  he 
might  have  pulled  me  off  from  my  horse,  but  the  riband,  not  owing 
any  fidelity  to  his  function,  brake,  and  so  we  parted.  I  told  him 
13.  F 


82  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  VO..CCCC. 

that  I  would  complain  to  his  Grace  ;  he  replied  that  he  would  meet 
ine  anywhere.  I  told  him  that  then  he  must  appear  in  a  canonical 
garment ;  for  when  we  met  he  had  none  such  upon  his  body.  I 
considered  that  he  was  a  clergyman,  and  although  I  was  very  much 
moved  and  had  a  good  strong  hunting  pole  in  my  hdnd,  yet,  re- 
.membering  his  function,  I  forbore  to  strike,  believing  thab  his 
Grace  will  consider  that  there  is  a  distance  betwixt  so  mean  a  man, 
both  in  learning  and  gravity,  as  Smith  is,  and  a  peer  of  the  realm. 
I  beseech  you  let  me  lea%'e  this  business  to  your  care.  P.S. — Smith 
keeps  greyhound,  crossbows,  guns,  and,  as  I  am  informed,  all  sorts 
of  engines  for  destroying  game.     \_Seals  ivith  crest.     3  pjp?^ 

Oct.  29.  121.  John  Windebank  to  his  father  Sec.  "Windebank.  Denies 
New  College,  that  he  is  either  married  or  has  been  guilty  of  any  act  of  improper 
°^  '  familiarity  with  either  of  Dr.  Iles's  daughters.  The  occasion  of  the 
rumour  is  that  by  reason  of  his  accident  of  breaking  his  shoulder 
from  a  tree  in  [the  college  ?]  garden,  and  the  Bishop  of  Oxford  de- 
siring to  see  him,  he  made  use  of  the  opportunity  of  going  with 
the  ladies  alluded  to  in  their  coach.     [2  fp?^ 

Oct.  29.         122.  [Dr.j  Thomas  Reade  to  his  uncle  Sec.  Windebank.      Ne- 
New  College,  gatives  the  rumour  alluded  to  in  the  last  letter.     \Lat.     i  «.! 

Oxford.  1.  ■*  i   J 

Oct.  29.  123.  Certificate  of  Thomas  Cholmondeley,  Sheriff  of  co.  Chester,  of 
the  ship-money  levied  and  paid  by  that  county  (total  2,740L)  under 
the  writs  for  1637.     [2  pp.^ 

Oct.  30.  Warrant  to  pay  40s.  per  diem,  to  Sir  Balthazer  Gerbier,  his 
Majesty's  resident  with  the  Cardinal  Infante  in  Flanders,  for  his 
entertaiument  from  15th  September  last,  and  also  for  payment  of  his 
extraordinary  charges  allowed  by  one  of  the  Secretaries  of  State. 
[Docquet^ 

Oct.  30.  124.  Petition  of  Roger  Prosser,  joiner,  and  Mary  bis  wife,  to 
Archbishop  Laud.  John  Williams,  an  informer,  a  very  malicious 
and  contentious  man,  oftentimes  railed  on  petitioner,  and  defamed 
him  in  his  trade  and  struck  him,  for  which  petitioner  arrested  him, 
and  not  for  serving  a  process  as  he  informed  the  archbishop  (see 
22tcc^  October,  No.  71).  Williams  removed  the  suit  two  several 
times,  and  the  Recorder  of  London  had  the  hearing  thereof  and 
greatly  blamed  Williams,  and  referred  the  matter  to  the  judge  of 
the  Mayor's  Court,  yet  WiUiams  removed  it  from  thence  into  the 
King's  Bench.  Williams  formerly  got  an  excommunication  against 
petitioner's  wife  unjustly  out  of  the  Arches  Court  of  Canterbury, 
and  put  petitioner  to  great  charges,  when  he  had  never  cited  peti- 
tioner nor  had  made  oath  of  it,  which  because  Sir  John  Lambe  put 
petitioner  Mary  to  her  oath  and  found  out  the  said  Williams's  false- 
hood, therefore  he  does  them  all  the  mischief  he  can,  and  caused 
your  Grace  to  send  two  pursuivants  for  them,  who  fetched  them  out 
of  their  house  on  Saturday  last  by  violence  and  keep  them  prisoners, 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  83 


■^ggg  Vol.  CCCC. 

they  having  four  small  children,  petitioner  being  very  weak,  and 
his  wife  great  with  child  again.  Pray  a  reference  for  hearing  the 
matter  to  Sir  John  Lambe.     [|  p.']     Underwritten, 

124.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe,  to  give  the  archbishop^  an 
account  what  he  conceives  of  the  truth  of  the  suggestions, 
that  further  order  may  be  taken.      October  30th,  1638. 

Up-] 

Oct.  30.  125.  Speech  of  Dr.  [Meric]  Casaubon  addressed  to  the  Queen- 

[16:^8  ?]    Mother  of  France  at  Canterbury.     [1  p.} 

Oct.  30.  126.  Bill  of  George  Green  for  61.  IBs.,  for  billets  and  faggots 
supplied  to  Endymion  Porter.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  31.  Grant  whereby  his  Majesty  erected  an  office  of  surveyor  and 
sealer  of  all  copper,  gUt,  or  silvered  wire  thread,  spangles,  oes,  and 
other  manufactures  of  copper  made  in  this  realm  or  imported,  with 
a  fee  of  2d.  per  lb.  upon  disgrossing  the  wire,  except  foreign  wire 
imported,  which  is  to  be  charged  2d.  per  lb.  upon  the  sealing  or  al- 
lowance thereof ;  and  the  said  office,  upon  the  nomination  of  Susan 
Case,  dry-nurse  to  the  royal  children,  is  granted  to  Gervase  Unwin 
for  31  years.     [Docquet.'] 

Oct.  31.  Minute  of  warrant  of  the  Commissioners  for  Saltpetre  and  Gun- 
powder to  Robert  Smith,  messenger.  To  bring  before  them  Thomas 
Rushly,  of  Uffington,  Berks.     [See  Vol.  ccxxii.,  p.  84.     6  lines.'] 

Oct.  31.         127.  The  CouncU  to  the  Justices  of  Peace  of  Hants.     We  are  in- 

Whitehaii.     formed  that  Anthony  Spittle,  postmaster  of  Basingstoke,  and 

Davis,  postmaster  of  Hartford  Bridge,  have  abused  the  country 
thereabouts  and  the  warrants  they  received  from  the  Secretaries  of 
State,  for  whereas  they  had  warrant  only  upon  extraordinary  oc- 
casions for  his  Majesty's  service  to  take  up  horses,  they  make  it 
their  ordinary  practice  for  their  own  private  gain  to  send  weekly 
for  eight  or  ten  horses  apiece,  and  either  let  them  to  hire  to  men 
that  ride  post  on  their  private  occasions,  or  keep  them  at  their  inns 
to  gain  by  their  standing  there,  or  else  discharge  them  for  money. 
For  which  abuse  we  hold  it  very  necessary  that  there  be  some 
exemplary  punishment  inflicted  on  the  said  postmasters,  and  there- 
fore require  you  to  take  examination  tliereof,  and  to  certify  the  same 
to  this  Board,  whereupon  order  shall  be  taken  for  reforming  the 
said  abuses.     \Gopy.     1  f>.] 

[Oct.?]  128.  Petition  of  his  Majesty's  tenants  of  the  manor  ofDacre,  in 

Cumberland,  to  the  Council.  The  King  and  his  predecessors  for 
above  60  years  have  been  seized  in  right  of  the  Crown  of  the 
manor  of  Dacre,  and  petitioners  under  his  Majesty  have  continued 
in  peaceable  possession,  till  about  a  year  since  John  Pattenson, 
Robert  Harrison,  Edmund  Sandforth,  and  others,  by  what  title  pe- 
titioners know  not,  riotously  entered  into  the  said  manor  and  took 
and  drove  away  a  great  number  of  petitioners'  goods,  and  some  they 
starved  to  death,  others  they  conveyed  whither  petitioners  know 

P  2 


84  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  ^«^-  ^^^^- 

not,  and  besides  they  beat  and  wounded  several  of  his  Majesty's 
tenants  and  committed  other  outrageous  misdemeanours,  for  which 
they  stand  indicted,  to  petitioners'  damage  of  above  300Z.  Upon 
complaint  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  they  directed 
inquiry  by  justices  of  peace  of  the  said  county,  who  certified  that 
petitioners  were  damnified  143?.  (being  much  less  than  they  were), 
whereupon  the  said  justices  were  directed  to  require  the  delinquents 
to  make  satisfaction,  and,  if  they  refused,  to  bind  them  to  appear 
before  the  justices  of  assize.  The  said  delinquents  refusing,  the 
latter  justices  bound  tlie  only  one  of  them  who  appeared  before  them, 
to  answer  before  this  Board,  and  granted  warrant  to  apprehend  the 
others,  but  they  keep  themselves  so  close  that  they  cannot  be  ap- 
prehended. Pray  that  such  rebellious  outrages  may  not  be  suffered 
to  go  unpunished,' and  that  petitioners  maybe  satisfied  their  damages. 
[1^.] 

Oct.?  129.  [Sec.  Windebank  to  the  Judges  of  the  Exchequer.]     I  sig- 

nified to  you  last  term  that  his  Majesty  had  a  particular  eye  upon 
an  information  exhibited  before  you  by  Mr.  Attorney-General  against 
divers  merchants  and  masters  of  ships  for  defrauding  his  Majesty 
of  his  customs  upon  gold  and  silver  thread  imported,  to  which  it 
seems  several  merchants  demurred,  denying  his  Majesty's  right  to 
those  duties,  but  that  part  has  been  overruled.  I  am  again  to  put 
you  in  mind  of  that  business,  his  Majesty  expecting  your  especial 
care  of  it,  since  his  service  is  as  well  concerned  in  that  part  of  the 
demurrer  yet  in  question  as  in  that  which  is  already  overruled,  it 
being  all  one  to  deny  his  Majesty  the  duty  as  to  deny  his  farmers 
the  power  of  suing  those  who  withhold  that  duty.  \Draft,  cor- 
rected by  Sec.  Windebank  and  endorsed  "  Lady  Villiers."     |  p.] 

[Oct.]  130.  Schedule  of  the  names  of  persons  behind  in  ship-money  in 

various  hundreds  of  co.  Hertford,  and  the  reasons  why  the  same  is 
uncollected.     [Slip  of  parchment.     =  ^pp.^ 

[Oct.  ?]  131.  Account  of  ship-money  resting  unpaid  in  the  borough  of 

Hertford  (2i.  4s.  2d.),  and  similar  account  for  the  members  of  that 
borough  (in.  Is.  8d.).     [=  i  i?.] 

Oct.  132.  Calculations  by  Nicholas  as  to  the  ship-money  assessed  on 

each  county  in  1637  in  comparison  with  the  amounts  charged  in  the 
writs  now  about  to  be  issued.     [3  pp^ 

Oct.  133.  Another  similar  paper  with  some  additions.     [2  pp.\ 

Oct.  134.  Statement  of  the  arrear  of  money  ordered  to  be  paid  hy 

Sir  William  Kussell  for  the  office  of  the  Ordnance,  upon  estimates 
of  the  fleets  set  forth  in  1635,  1636,  1637,  and  1638.  Total, 
25,71 6L  16s.  OK     l\  p.'\ 

[Oct.?]  135.  Notes  by  Thomas  Earl  of  Arundel  and  Surrey  of  his  "sense 

of  the  cause  "  between  the  Earl  of  Salisbury  and  Denzell  Holies. 
He  was  of  opinion  that  HoUea  on  appearing  before  the  Council 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  85 


1638.  VOL.CCCC. 

should  kneel  down  as  a  delinquent,  and  that  if  he  could  not  satisfy 
the  Lords  better  than  he  did  the  Lord  Chamberlain,  the  writer,  and 
his  son  Maltravers,  he  should  acknowledge  his  high  offence  and  "  be 
heartily  sorry  for  it,"  and  desire  Lord  Salisbury  and  the  Lords  in  all 
humUity  to  pardon  his  so  presumptuous  a  fault.  If  he  refuse  to  do 
this,  he  should  be  committed  until  he  perform  it.     [1  p.] 

Oct.  136.  See  "  Keturns  made  by  Justices  of  Peace." 


Vol.  CCCCI.    November  1-14,  1638. 


1638. 

Nov.  1.  1.  James  Lord  Livingstone,  of  Almond,  to  his  cousin  Thomas 

Edinburgh.  Livingstone,  tailor,  in  the  Strand.  I  received  j'our  letters,  whereby 
you  desire  those  moneys  that  you  became  surety  for.  I  having 
written  sundry  times  to  Quartermaster  Younger  to  pay  the  same  to 
you,  write  to  him  yourself,  and  show  him  of  these  moneys,  together 
with  such  other  expenses  as  you  have  disbursed  upon  my  affairs. 
The  time  is  such  that  money  is  hard  to  be  had  here.  The  "  plaitt "  I 
have  heard  nothing  yet  of  it.  Having  written  to  Mr.  Thompson  I 
appointed  it  to  be  sent,  but  have  heard  nothing,  therefore  search  for 
it,  otherwise  it  is  like  to  be  lost,  and  you  will  find  the  smart  of  it, 
having  written  so  often  and  your  nephew  coming  home  and  would 
not  send  it  with  him.  If  you  have  not  yet  written  to  Alexander, 
write  to  him  that  he  may  repair  to  Holland  with  all  expedition. 
Things  go  so  uncertain  here,  that  I  can  write  nothing  of  them  to 
you  until  the  next  occasion.  [Endorsed,  a  raemoranduTn  stating 
jji'ices  of  groceries,     lip.] 

Nov.  1,  2.  Richard  Bee  to  [Eichard]   Harvey.     Sends  accounts  of  his 

mistress's  last  half  year's  rents  [for  the  manor  of  Astonj.  Has  sent 
his  master's  colt  by  the  bearer,  and  has  given  him  6s.  for  his 
charges  to  London.     [|  p.J 

Nov.  1.  3.  Account  of  Richard  Poole  of  saltpetre  brought  into  his  Ma- 

jesty's stores  and  delivered  to  Samuel  Cordewell,  his  Majesty's  gun- 
powder maker,  from  1st  May  1638  to  this  day.  Total,  115  lasts 
5  cwts.  10  lbs.,  being  8  lasts  and  10  lbs.  more  than  the  assigned 
proportion.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  I.  Sir  Arthur  Mainwaring  and  four  others  to  Henry  Earl  of  Holland. 

According  to  your  warrant  of  4th  September  last,  we  have  made 
our  repair  to  Remnan  [Eemenham  ?]  Park,  lying  in  Fynes  bailiwick 
within  the  forest  of  Windsor,  being  in  the  possession  of  John  Lord 
Lovelace,  and  find  that  30  acres  of  coppice  wood  in  the  said  park 
may  be  conveniently  felled  this  year,  so  that  all  the  wood  felled  be 
avoided  before  the  fence  month,  and  that  it  be  sufficiently  fenced 
and  so  kept  according  to  the  assize  of  the  forest.  [_Copy.  See 
Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  33.    -f  p.]     Underwritten, 

L  Minute  of  a  licence  to  John  Lord  Lovelace  for  selling  the  said 
coppice,     lith November  1638.     [Copy.    Ihid.,p.M.  ^jp.] 


86  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  To..  COCCI. 

Nov.  2.  4.  Note  by  Nicholas  of  new  pewter  bought  by  him  this  day. 

The  new  service  weighed  225  lbs.,  which  was  charged  at  Is.  4S. 
per  lb.,  but  the  seller  took  off  Nicholas's  hands  an  old  service  which 
weighed  186  lbs.,  and  allowed  him  Is.  per  lb.  for  the  same.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  3.  Commissioners  for  Gunpowder  to  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance. 

WMtehall.  Warrant  to  deliver  24  barrels  of  gunpowder  at  18d.  per  lb.  to 
Godwin  Awdry,  of  Melksham,  for  replenishing  the  magazine  for 
Wilts.  [Minute.  Book  of  Warrants  for  Gunpowder.  See  Vol,  ccclv., 
No.6hp.7.     ^p.] 

Nov.  3.  5.    Petition  of  Nathaniel  Halhed,  clerk,  to  Archbishop  Laud. 

Time  out  of  mind  reasonable  means  have  been  allowed  the  ministers 
in  divers  parishes  in  co.  Warwick  for  their  maintenance,  and  in 
respect  of  their  pains,  and  likewise  allowance  has  been  given  for 
repairing  the  churches.  But  now  the  means  are  taken  away  from 
the  church,  being  allowed  to  the  ministers  as  aforesaid,  and  also  for 
repairing  the  churches,  so  that  the  parishioners  are  enforced  to  go 
unto  other  parishes  to  hear  the  word  of  God,  and  the  churches  are 
demolished  and  fallen  to  ruin.  Prays  that  he  may  deliver  the 
several  abuses  more  at  large,  as  he  upon  his  own  knowledge  can 
relate.     [|  p-l     Underwritten, 

5.  I.  "  /  desire  Sir  John  Lambe  to  consider  of  this  petition,  and 
to  inform  himself  of  such  other  particulars  as  this  bearer 
shall  relate  to  hi/in,  and  let  me  have  an  account.  W.  Cant." 
'  November  2rd,  1638.     \_\  p.l 

5.  II.  Notes  by  Sir  John  La/mbe  apparently  of  information  com- 
Tnunicated  by  the  petitioner,  'ihe  church  of  Hodnel  was 
stated  to  be  altogether  demolished.  Sir  John  Dryden, 
Dr.  Kingsmill,  and  Edward  Gibbes  have  the  tithes  appro- 
priate  ;  the  petitioner  has  a  presentation  to  the  rectory  or 
vicarage.  Milcote,  Sesencote,  and  Goldicote,  the  petitioner 
says,  are  three  churches  demolished,     [^p.] 

Nov.  3.  6.  Account   by   Sir  William   Russell   of  ship-monej'-  for   1637. 

Total  received,  140,246?.  12s.  lid  ;  unpaid,  50,1 67?.  14s.  9d.  By 
a  note  at  foot,  850?.  appears  to  have  been  received  after  the  account 
was  made  out.     [=2  pp.'] 

Nov.  3.  7.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637,    levied  and  remaining  in 

the  hands  of  sheriffs.  Total,  6,100?.,  which  makes  the  total  collected 
152,346?.     [1  p.} 

Nov.  3.         8.  Account   of  ship-money  in   arrear  for  1635.    Total,  4,744?. 
19s.  lid     lip.] 

[Nov.  3.]  9.  Order  of  making  the  bill  for  sheriffs  in  the  Exchequer  on  the 
morrow  of  All  Souls.  The  proceedings  on  this  occasion  are  minutely 
stated,  with  some  mention  of  the  excuses  on  account  of  which  a 
person  named  by  the  judges  might  be  discharged  from  being  put  into 
thebiU.     [lip.] 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  87 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCI. 


[Nov.  3.]        10.  List  of  sheriffs  for  the  various  counties  in  England,  probably 
the  list  struck  this  day  in  the  Exchequer.     [1^  p.] 

[Nov.  3.]  11.  Another  list,  with  various  alterations  from  the  preceding ;  the 
list  as  finally  settled.     [1  pj] 

[Nov.  4?]  12.  Petition  of  Robert  Toomes  and  Thomas  Cowper,  bailiffs  for  col- 
lecting ship-money  in  co.  Northampton,  to  the  Council.  Petitioners 
having  been  employed  by  Sir  Robert  Banaster,  late  sheriff,  distrained 
a  mare  of  the  Earl  of  Peterborough,  -whereupon  William  Preston, 
steward  to  the  Earl,  pursued  petitioners  with  hue  and  cry,  and 
caused  them  to  be  carried  before  a  justice  of  peace,  who  committed 
them  to  gaol  (see  10th  October  last,  I^o.  27).  Petitioners  likewise 
distrained  two  cows  of  Edmund  Farmer,  of  Dayntrie  [Daventry], 
CO.  Northampton,  which  Farmer  violently  took  away,  and  con- 
veyed petitioner  Toomes  before  a  justice  of  peace,  who  bound 
him  to  answer  at  the  next  assizes,  with  many  other  abuses  which 
petitioners  desire  to  relate  by  word  of  mouth.  Pray  that  some 
course  may  be  taken  for  vacating  the  bond  for  their  appearance,  and 
that  satisfaction  may  be  given  them  for  their  charges  and  repairing 
their  credit.     [1  p-] 

Nov.  4  1.3.  Certificates,  principally  of  the  said  Robert  Toomes  and  Thomas 

Cowper,  delivered  by  Sir  Robert  Banaster,  of  defaulters  to  the  ship- 
money  during  his  shrievalty  of  co.  Northampton.  They  relate  to  a 
rescue  by  Thomas  Odell,  of  Desborough ;  certificate  against  Henry 
Aspitall  and  five  others  of  Wellingborough,  who  said  that  they 
would  neither  pay  nor  be  distrained  ;  and  the  like  against  Sir  William 
Willmer,  of  Seywell,  and  his  people,  who  refused  to  allow  the  bailiffs 
to  bring  out  a  distress.  Sir  William  saying  that,  if  Sir  Robert  Ban- 
aster should  come  and  distrain  himself,  he  would  rescue  the  cattle. 

Nov.  4.  14.  Book  of  notes  by  Nicholas  of  various  proceedings  before  the 

Council  from  this  day  until  the  25th  inst.  They  are  brief  notes,  as 
(in  relation  to  the  last  entry)  "  Sir  William  Willmer  to  be  sent  for." 
The  several  days  the  business  of  which  is  treated  of  are  the  4th,  18th, 
20th,  21st,  23rd,  and  25th  inst.  [32  pp.,  of  which  only  11  contain 
writing.']  -'■'- 

Nov.  5.  Presentation  of  Dr.  Towres  to  the  rectory  of  Castor  [co.  North- 

ampton], void  by  death  of  the  last  incumbent  and  in  his  Majesty's 
gift,  pro  hoc  vice,  by  reason  of  the  vacancy  of  the  bishopric  of 
Peterborough.     [Docquef] 

Nov.  5^  Warrant  to  pay  7  00^.  per  diem  to  Mons.  Luc  de  Fabroni,  Knight 

and  Vicomte  of  i)ompmart,  for  the  expenses  of  the  Queen-Mother 
of  France,  to  commence  from  the  4th  inst.     [Bocquet] 

Nov.  5.  15.  The  King  to  the  Sheriff  of  co.  York,  the  mayor  and  com- 

monalty of  the  city  of  York,  and  the  sheriffs  of  the  same  city,  and 
to  the  municipal  authorities  of  Ripon,  Doncaster,  Pontefract,  Eich- 


88 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1. 


1638. 


Nov.  5. 

Westminster. 


Nov.  5, 
Westminster. 


Nov.  5. 


Vol.  CCCCI. 

mond,  Leeds,  Headon  [Hedon],  Beverley,  Escardeleigh  otherwise 
Scardburgh,  and  Kingston-upon-Hull,  and  to  the  good  men  of  the 
towns  of  Bridlington,  Blyth,  Whitby,  and  Guisborough.  Ship-money 
writ  for  two  ships  of  600  tons  and  240  men  each,  to  be  ready 
equipped  at  Portsmouth  on  1st  March  next.     [^Lat.     =  7  pp.] 

16.  The  King  to  the  Sheriffs  of  Hants,  Surrey,  and  Sussex,  and 
the  corporate  authorities  of  Portsmouth,  Southampton,  Winchester, 
Andover,  Romsey,  Basingstoke,  Guildford,  Southwark,  Kingston-on- 
Thames,  Eye,  Winchelsea,  Hasting,  Pevensey,  Shoreham,  Arundel, 
Chichester,  Seaford,  and  the  good  men  of  Havant,  Fareham,  the 
Isle  of  Wight,  Gatton,  Croydon,  Reigate,  Famham,  Bletchingley, 
Godalming,  Lewes,  Brighthelm stone,  Midhurst,  Horsham,  Battle, 
and  Petworth.  For  a  ship  of  400  tons  with  160  men,  to  be  ready 
at  Portsmouth  on  the  15th  March  next.     [Lat.     =  10  pp."] 

17.  The  like  to  the  Mayor,  Commonalty,  and  Citizens  of  London. 
For  a  ship  of  500  tons  with  200  men,  to  be  ready  at  Portsmouth  on 
15th  March  next.     \_Lat.     =  2  pp.} 

Petition  of  James  Earl  of  Carlisle  to  the  King.  By  letters  patent 
of  the  2nd  July  in  the  3rd  year  of  your  reign,  your  Majesty 
granted  to  the  late  Earl  of  Carhsle,  petitioner's  father,  the  Island  of 
St.  Christopher,  with  powers  for  the  government  of  the  plantation 
there.  Ever  since,  that  and  all  the  other  islands  so  granted  have 
been  quietly  governed,  and  no  causes  there  arising  have  been  ques- 
tioned in  any  of  the  courts  at  Westminster,  but  your  Commissioners 
for  Foreign  Plantations  have  heard  all  complaints.  But  now  Fitz- 
william  Gonisby  is  sued  in  the  King's  Bench  by  Francis  Blount,  as 
administrator  to  Herbert  Blount,  for  goods  that  the  said  Herbert, 
by  deed  of  7th  July  1634,  gave  to  the  said  Conisby.  In  respect 
that  the  Lord  Chief  Justice  cannot  take  any  notice  of  the  determi- 
nation of  the  said  cause  in  the  said  island,  petitioner  prays  a 
reference  to  the  Commissioners  for  Foreign  Plantations  to  settle  some 
fit  course  in  this  and  all  similar  causes,  and  that  in  the  meantime 
the  cause  may  be  stayed  from  trial.  [See  Vol.  cccxxiii.,  p.  333.  1  p.] 
Underwritten, 

Whitehall,  Uh  November  1638.     [Ihid., 


Nov.  5. 
Westminster. 


I.  Reference  as  prayed, 
p.  334. 


iP-1 


18.  Sir  Edward  Wardour,  Thomas  Baldwin,  Peter  Heywood,  and 
Henry  Lide,  Justices  of  Peace  for  Westminster,  to  the  Council. 
Certify  that  in  obedience  to  letters  of  the  17th  October  con- 
cerning enhancing  the  price  of  sea  coals  to  higher  rates  than  is 
limited,  which  is  l7s.  the  chaldron  in  summer,  and  19s.  in  winter, 
they  have  called  the  wharfingers  and  others  before  them,  and  find 
the  merchant,  the  engrosser,  and  retailer  all  to  be  faulty.  The 
merchant  sells  to  the  engrosser  his  whole  ship-load  at  191.  the 
score,  but  makes  his  underhand  bargain  that  he  shall  give  him 
40s.  more  in  every  score  for  his  good  will  in  letting  him  have 
them  for  his  money.    The  engrosser  must  have  some  gains  for  his 


DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I.  89 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCI. 

pains  and  charges,  and  the  retailer,  either  by  measure  or  price, 
must  also  make  a  benefit.  For  present  remedy  we  hay^e  strictly 
charged  them  to  be  more  moderate  in  their  prices,  and  that  for 
their  own  good,  lest  the  trade  be  taken  out  of  their  hands,  besides 
the  punishment  which  will  be  inflicted  upon  such  as  shall  be 
offenders.     [1  p.]     Endorsed, 

18.  I.  The  Lords  refer  it  to  the  justices  who  made  the  above  certi- 
Jicate  to  cause  some  further  examination  to  be  tahen 
concerning  the  persons  in  that  certificate  supposed  to  be 
guilty,  and  if  they  find  the  same  proved,  they  are  to 
certify  the  examinations  to  the  Board,  Inner  Star 
Chamber,  7th  November  1638.     [J  p.'\ 

Nov.  5.  19.  Francis  Lord  Cottington.  to  Sec.  Windebank.     The  enclosed 

paper  was  found  yesterday  in  Lincoln's  Inn  by  a  discreet  officer  of 
the  Court  of  Wards,  who  gave  it  to  the  attorney  of  that  court,  and 
he  brought  ifc  to  me.  By  some  of  the  orthography,  the  style,  and 
the  substance,  I  guess  it  to  be  from  some  Scottish  man,  and  howso- 
ever altogether  it  is  foolish  and  very  contemptible,  yet  am  I  of 
opinion  that  you  should  show  it  his  Majesty.  I  am  now  so  well 
again  as  I  shall  be  able  to  go  to  work.     \_\  p.'\     Enclosed, 

]  9.  I.  D.  D.  to  his  cousin  John  Hastings,  Madrid.  To  be  sealed 
and  sent  in  Mr.  Withering's  packet.  Since  the  last  un- 
fortunate parliament  the  kingdom  has  languished  by 
Tneans  of  ravenous  projectors.  His  Majesty  has  been 
very  temperate  in  his  person,  and  most  indulgent  of  his 
profit.  The  Archbishop,  who  is  most  in  favour,  very 
painful,  and  has  much  subdued  the  puritan  faction  upon 
a  sudden,  not  without  some  oppression,,  which  is  tolerable 
in  state  for  public  example.  Feiu  of  our  nobility  dare 
open  their  mouths ;  an  impudent  projector  is  in  more 
esteem  than  any  of  them.  The  Council  are  for  the  most 
part  novi  homines,  cond  the  principal  supporters  of  those 
wasps.  There  is  a  Spanish  faction  aynong  them,  and 
such  as  are  acquainted  with  the  Florentine.  The  ancient 
happy  government  by  parliament  is  altogether  despised, 
and  urged  to  make  against  the  King's  advantage ;  indeed 
it  makes  against  those  that  urge  it.  It  is  the  exchange 
where  all  the  kingdom's  grievances  meet,  and  if  but  fre- 
quently assembled,  though  they  did  little,  would  be  a 
sovereign  remedy  for  all  enormities ;  schismatieal  bishops, 
corrupt  judges,  profuse  officers,  oppression,  exacting,  pro- 
jecting, monopolising,  and  the  like,  tuould  be  easily  found 
and  amended.  In  the  general  current  of  our  history  the 
state  of  England  has  succeeded  well  when  the  hearts  of 
the  King  and  subjects  have  accorded,  and  the  contrary 
when  they  have  not.  Examples  quoted  in  proof  of  this 
from  the  time  of  Hardicanute  downwards.  "  /  have  had 
soma  occasions  lately  into  most  parts  of  England,  and 


90  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCI. 

cannot  meet  threetogether  hut  two  of  them,  exclai/m  bitterly 
against  the  governm,ent,  as  ready  to  enterta/in  the  Turk  or 
any  other  as  the  present,  if  there  were  any  offer ;  nay 
some  with  bitter  oaths  professing  mischief  with  Felton, 
from  whose  rage  God  bless  his  Majesty,  who  cannot  choose 
but  know  these  things ;  but  the  misfortune  of  princes  hath 
ever  been  to  have  more  flatterers  than  honest  men  near 
them,  which  hath  cost  them  dear.  ....  Sure  you  shall 
hear  great  news  shortly.  You  may  expect  me  without 
fail  about  the  time  mentioned  in  m,y  last  letters^  [2  J  pp^ 

Nov.  5.  20.  Dr.  Thomas  lies  to  Sec.  Windebank.   That  calumnies  should  be 

Christ  Church,  raised  upon  young  folks  in  Oxford  is  not  strange  ;  we  that  are  old 

[Oxford],  pg^^  hardly  escape  thenj.  But  that  any  should  be  so  impudent  as 
to  carry  them  to  you  makes  me  wonder  very  much.  In  Oxford,  if 
a  young  man  and  a  maid  meet  by  chance  at  a  friend's  house,  within 
a  day  or  two  they  shall  be  contracted,  if  not  married,  and  beyond 
that  Eoman  who  was  so  fruitful  that  he  had  a  child  within  three 
months,  a  strong  report  here  will  make  them  within  one  month 
have  a  child  or  two.  The  slanderous  report  raised  of  late  upon 
your  son  and  my  daughter  has  no  other  grounds.  I  cannot  find 
that  ever  they  saw  one  another  till  within  this  half  year,  and  that 
was  by  chance  at  a  friend's  house.  Your  son,  I  suppose,  has  already 
given  satisfaction  to  you,  and  my  daughter  has  cleared  herself  suffi- 
ciently to  me,  and  now  I  beseech  you  to  make  him  that  first  reported 
this  to  you  to  bring  forth  his  author,  and  so  drive  it  to  the  first 
head,  who  by  your  power  might  be  made  to  repair  their  credits  and 
reputation,  whom  he  has  so  foully  stained.     []'  ^.] 

Nov.  5.  21.  Sir  John    Pennington    to  Nicholas.     Thanks    for  yours  of 

The  Downs.  28th  October.  We  have  had  no  letters  out  of  Flanders  these  four- 
teen days,  but  we  have  got  fair  weather  again,  so  we  expect  them 
this  day.  Here  has  been  a  great  deal  of  mischief  done  by  the  late 
foul  weather,  both  in  masts,  yards,  cables,  anchors,  and  boats,  besides 
the  loss  of  many  small  vessels,  with  men  and  all.  My  cabinet  has 
come  safe.  I  hope  I  shall  get  some  good  tobacco  and  other  things 
for  you  shortly,  when  ships  come  home ;  in  the  meantime  command 
me.     [_8eal  with  arms.     ]  p^ 

Nov.  5.  22.  Certificate  of  Sir  John  Mychell,  one  of  the  Masters  in  Chan- 
cery, that  John  "Wray,  of  Glentworth,  co.  Lincoln,  had  that  day 
taken  the  oath  of  allegiance.     [^  p^ 

Nov.  6.  23.  Petition  of  Walter  Winchcombe  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Peti- 
tioner being  a  man  illiterate,  and  not  knowing  the  crime  of  incest, 
did  carnally  know  Mary  Ricketts,  his  wife's  sister's  daughter,  since 
which  he  has  commuted  in  the  Court  of  Audience  and  paid  10^.,  and 
since  that  has  been  questioned  in  the  Marches  [Arches]  Court,  and 
for  the  same  ofience  has  paid  20?.  fine  and  suffered  imprisonment, 
and  notwithstanding  is  now  questioned  in  the  High  Commission, 


DOMESTIC}— CHARLES  I.  91 


1638.  ^o^-  CCCCI. 

because  petitioner  being  ignorant,  commuted  as  for  adultery.     Prays 
dismissal  from  further  trouble.     [1  p.]     Endorsed, 

23.  I.  Ileference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe  to  consider  the  petition  and 
give  the  archbishop  an  account  before  he  do  anything 
therein.    November  6th,  1638.     [3  lines.] 

Nov.  6.  24.  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  and  Francis  Lord  Cottington  to  Sir 
Eobert  Pye,  Auditor  of  the  Keceipt,  the  Tellers,  aind  other  officers  of 
the  Exchequer.  His  Ma-jesty  by  Privy  Seal  of  this  date  has  com- 
manded to  be  paid  unto  "  Messire  Luc  de  Fabroni,  Knt.  and  Viscount 
Dompmart,"  lOOl.  by  the  day  for  the  expenses  of  the  Queen-Mother 
of  France,  to  commence  from  the  4th  inst.  Forasmuch  as  there  is 
required  3,000?.  for  making  present  provisions  for  the  said  Queen 
Mother,  we  pray  you  to  pay  to  the  said  Luc  de  Fabroni  3,O0OZ. 
by  way  of  advance  upon  the  said  100?.  by  the  day.  [  Underwritten 
a  memorandum  of  Sir  Robert  Pye  of  the  payment  of  the  3,000?., 
and  of  the  way  in  which  it  was  m,ade  up  by  the  several  tellers. 
Ip.] 

Nov.  7.  25.  Henry  Lide  and  Peter  Heywood,  Justices  of  Peace  for  West- 
minster, to  the  Council.  Certify  that  Thomas  Strode,  of  Westerham, 
Kent,  had  that  day  taken  the  oath  of  allegiance.     [^  p.] 

Nov.  7.  26.  Certificate  of  Matthew  Francis,  Justice  of  Peace  for  "West- 
minster, that  Sir  Francis  Drake  with  John  Trelawny  and  William 
Morgan,  his  attendants,  had  that  day  taken  the  oath  of  allegiance. 
[Seal  with  arms.     %p.] 

Nov.  7.  Grant  declaring  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  there  shall  be  a  High 
Steward  and  Under  Steward  of  Burgeveny  [Abergavenny],  with  a 
court  leet  and  court  of  record  for  actions  under  40s.,  and  his  Majesty 
incorporates  divers  of  the  inhabitants  by  the  name  of  bailifi"  and 
burgesses.     \_Bocquet.'] 

Nov.  7.  27.  Lawrence  Whitaker,  George  Long,  and  others,  Justices  of  Peace 
for  Middlesex,  to  the  Council.  Report  under  an  order  of  reference 
of  I7th  October  last,  respecting  the  immoderate  price  of  sea  coals. 
First,  notwithstanding  the  provision  lately  made  for  selling  sea 
coals  from  the  ships  at  17s.  or  18s.  tbe  chaldron,  such  as  bring  the 
coals  from  Newcastle  take  liberty  to  themselves  to  sell  out  of  their 
ships  at  what  prices  they  please,  which  liberty  is  one  of  tbe  principal 
causes  of  the  general  enhancing  of  the  price.  Secondly,  the  whar- 
fingers and  woodmongers  pretend  that  their  charges,  viz.,  for  metage, 
lighterage,  wharfage,  and  carriage,  stand  them  in  2s.  the  chaldron,  but 
that  charge  we  find  to  be  borne  by  the  allowance  of  the  over-measure 
from  the  merchant.  Thirdly,  the  wharfingers  and  others,  albeit 
they  make  their  provision  in  summer  at  the  cheapest  rates,  yet  when 
the  merchants  bring  in  new  quantities  of  coals,  or  fail  to  bring 
in  the  same,  as  by  reason  of  contrary  winds  has  fallen  out  these 
14  weeks  past,  the  retailers  sell  their  coals  according  to  the  last 
prices  in   times  of  scarcity'.      Fourthly,   the   carmen   of  the   city 


92  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


.,„„  Vol,  cocci. 

J  638. 

challenge  to  themselves  the  sole  loading  and  portage  of  coals  landed 

■within  the  city,  whereby  the  prices  are  much  enhanced.     Fifthly, 

the  chandlers  and  other  retailers  allege  that  they  sell  their  coals 

only  by  the  peck  to  the  poor  sort  of  householders,  and  that  the 

money  they  receive  is  in  farthing  tokens,  whereby  they  lose  \2d.  in 

every  20s.  for  exchange.     Lastly,  we  conceive  that  if  the  coals  brought 

in  be  put  into  a  few  magazines  it  will  be  a  means  to  endear  the  price. 

[2  pix] 

Nov.  8.         28.  Sec.  Windebank  to  the  Clerk  of  the  Signet.     To  prepare  a 
Whitehall,     bill  for  granting  to  William  Barclay  the  office  of  purveyor  of  wax 

for  the  Great  Seal  during  his  life,  with  the  fee  of  360?.  per  annum ; 

also  the  [office]  of  chafer  of  wax,  with  the  fee  of  2|d.  by  the  [day], 

to  take  effect  after  the  death  of  Eobert  Thorneton,  who  now  holds 

the  said  offices.     [|  p."] 

Nov.  8.  29.  Dr.  Thomas  Rives  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Certifies  the  state  of 
Polhill's  cause.  By  virtue  of  his  Majesty's  commission  of  reprisal, 
dated  8th  November  1C37,  Polhillhas  taken  a  ship  of  the  Hollanders 
called  the  Golden  Wolf  In  that  commission  the  Judge  of  the 
Admiralty  is  required  to  judge  that  the  ship  and  goods  belong  to 
the  States  of  Holland  or  their  subjects.  Adjudication  was  prayed 
by  Polhill,  but  on  the  3rd  inst.  an  allegation  was  offered  on  the  part  of 
the  Dutch,  wherein  it  is  stated  that  justice  was  never  denied  by  the 
States  to  Polhill,  and  that  Polhill's  loss  did  not  amount  to  30,000Z., 
with  other  points  which  draw  his  Majesty's  commission  into  question. 
If  the  judge  should  admit  these  allegations,  or  any  other  matter 
preceding  the  commission,  this  could  not  be  done  without  dishonour 
to  his  Majesty's  commission.  Moreover,  if  any  allegation  should  be 
admitted,  no  appeal  would  lie,  because  no  appeal  lies  but  from  a 
definitive  sentence.  What  the  judge  will  do  is  to  me  unknown  ;  my 
hope  is  that  he  will  have  that  respect  to  his  Majesty's  honour  that 
is  fitting,  and  the  rather  if  he  be  put  in  mind  by  you  before  the 
hearing,  which  will  be  to-morrow  morning.    \^Seal  ^vitli  arms.    1  p.] 

Nov.  8.         30.  Sir  John  Pennington  to  the  same.     I  am  informed  by  Capt. 

The  St.  Andrew,  Perceval  that  you  have  procured  me  a  privy  seal  for  repairing  my 

in  t  e    owns,  ^^g^jg  [Sandown],  which  I  hold  under  his  Majesty.     I  return  you 

my  thanks,  and  shall  be  ready  to  express  it  in  a  more  hearty  way 

when  in  my  power.     [1  ^.] 

Nov.  8.  31.  Thomas  Smith  to  [Sir  John  Pennington].  I  thank  you  for 
Queen  Street,  letters,  and  particularly  for  that  of  the  3rd,  wherein  you  tax  me  for 
employing  Mr.  White.  The  business  is  for  a  friend  of  mine,  who 
shall  pay  White  whatsoever  he  shall  disburse,  if  the  materials  may 
be  provided  without  inconvenience,  but  if  there  be  the  least  incon- 
venience in  it,  I  desire  it  may  be  let  alone.  I  have  hastened  the 
sending  away  your  gunner's  and  surgeon's  necessaries,  and  a  letter 
from  M]-.  Taylor.  My  poor  Lord  [Northumberland]  is  much  afflicted 
with  the  rumiing  gout,  but  this  day  the  pain  is  much  mitigated. 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  93 


1638. 


Vol.  cocci. 


Nov.  8.  32.  Petition  of  William  Huddleston,  of  Great  Haseley,  co.  Oxford, 
tailor,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Oa  Sunday,  the  30th  September  last, 
petitioner  having  received  the  Holy  Communion  in  his  parish  church, 
and  going  forth  of  the  chancel  door,  petitioner  was  arrested  by  one 
Caterer,  a  bailiff",  at  the  suit  of  Luke  Tayler  of  the  same  parish, 
grazier,  and  Caterer  and  Tayler  most  inhumanly  abused  petitioner, 
throwing  him  down  and  lying  with  all  their  force  upon  him,  and 
Tayler  beiug  reproved  by  some  of  the  parishioners  for  so  arresting 
him  at  that  time  and  place,  made  answer,  the  better  day  the  better 
deed.  They  kept  petitioner  a  prisoner  in  the  church  till  evening 
pra3'er  time,  without  meat  or  drink,  and  would  not  release  him  until 
he  had  given  bond  to  their  content.  Tayler  being  a  man  of  great 
estate,  and  petitioner  a  very  poor  man,  he  desires  that  Tayler  and 
Caterer  may  be  called  to  answer  in  the  High  Commission  Court  ex 
officio  mero.     [|  p-l     Underwritten, 

32.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  consider  the  petition,  and 
if  he  finds  the  suggestions  true,  to  award  an  attachment 
for  the  parties  complained  of,  to  answer  in  the  High  Com- 
mission Court.     1638,  JS^ov.  8.     \_i  p.^ 

Nov.  8.  33.  Extract  from  the  Book  of  Acts  of  the  High  Commission  of 
the  sentence  given  in  that  court  in  a  cause  against  Sir  Thomas  Sack- 
ville,  of  Bibury,  co  Gloucester.  The  principal  charge  against  the 
defendant  was  that,  in  building  his  new  house  in  Eiburjr,  he  had 
encroached  upon  the  churchyard.  The  answer  was  that  he  had 
procured  a  faculty  for  what  he  had  done,  subject  to  the  conditions 
of  adding  in  another  place  as  much  land  as  he  had  appropriated, 
conveying  the  same  to  the  church,  and  procuring  it  to  be  consecrated. 
It  further  appeared  that  the  land  given  by  Sir  Thomas  in  exchange 
was  of  equal  or  greater  extent  than  that  taken,  but  that  the  same 
had  not  been  duly  conveyed,  nor  was  it  consecrated.  As  to  the 
consecration,  it  was  allowed  that  it  needed  not,  the  ground  given 
being  but  a  small  portion  laid  to  a  far  larger  consecrated  place. 
Other  charges  having  failed  in  proof  or  being  deemed  unimportant, 
the  court  required  Sir  Thomas  to  make  such  assurance  of  the  land 
given  by  him  in  compensation  as  counsel  should  advise,  and  there- 
upon discharged  him  from  further  attendance.     [5^  pp.'] 

Nov.  9.  Petition  of  Charles  Murray,  his  Majesty's  servant,  to  the  Kino-. 
Matthew  Thimbleby,  long  since  deceased,  was  at  his  death  seized 
in  fee  of  divers  lands,  part  held  by  knight's  service  in  capite,  but  in 
the  office  after  his  death,  which  was  in  the  4th  of  Edward  VI.,  the 
finding  of  that  tenure  was  omitted,  to  the  prejudice  of  his  then 
Majesty.  Of  late  time,  upon  a  writ  of  melius  inquire7idum  the 
tenure  is  found  out,  whereby  your  Majesty  is  entitled  to  the  mean 
rates  of  the  lands  for  not  suing  livery  by  the  heir,  one  third  part  of 
which  mean  rates  is  by  decree  of  the  Court  of  Wards  to  be  paid  to 
your  Majesty's  use,  and  the  other  two  parts  to  be  allowed  to  the 
prosecutor  of  the  suit,  one  John  Meredith,  according  to  the  custom 
of  the  court.     The  purchasers  of  the  lands,  who  are  many  aud  of 


94  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCl. 


good  ability,  have  since  the  proving  of  the  tenure  put  in  a  plea  to 
debar  both  your  Majesty  and  the  prosecutor  of  such  benefit  as  should 
redound  therebj^,  upon  pretence  that  the  said  mean  rates  are  pardoned 
by  several  pardons  of  Queen  Elizabeth  and  by  that  of  21st  James  I. 
Unless  the  business  be  carefully  followed,  not  only  that  benefit  tliat 
might  arise  to  your  Majesty  in  present,  by  reason  of  the  said  dis- 
covery, will  be  lost,  but  your  Majesty  may  be  much  damnified  for 
the  future,  in  regard  the  judgment  thereof  will  be  a  leading  case, 
and  if  it  should  go  against  your  Majesty  would  be  a  precedent  in 
bar  of  mean  rates  that  may  arise  upon  other  lands  in  like  case. 
Petitioner  prays  a  grant  of  the  benefits  of  his  Majesty's  third  part 
of  the  mean  rates,  and  he  will  at  his  own  charge  follow  the  business 
and  bring  it  to  the  best  issue  that  may  be.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccxxiii., 
p.  334.     I  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  Francis  Lord  Oottington,  to  certify  Ms  opinion, 
whereupon  his  Majesty  will  signify  his  further  pleasure. 
Whitehall,  9th  November  1638.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  335. 

Nov.  9.        Copy  of  the  said  petition  and  reference.     [See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  3. 
I  p."]     Underwritten, 

I.  Report  of  Lord  Oottington  that  the  petitioner's  request  is  not 

unfit  to  be  granted.     15th  Ifovember  16S8,    [Copy.    Ibid. 

II.  Minute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  to  grant  petitioner  his  desire, 

and  the  Attorney-General  is  to  prepare  a  bill.    Whitehall^ 
3rd  December  1638.     [Copy.     Ibid.     |  p.] 

Nov.  9.  34.  Petition   of  Richard  Goodwin  to   the  Council.      Petitioner 

being  a  young  scholar  and  in  want,  for  his  relief  unadvisedly  at- 
tempted unlicensed  to  pass  over  into  Holland,  there  to  live  awhile 
with  a  gentleman  of  his  own  name ;  but  being  stayed  by  the  searchers 
at  Gravesend  and  returned  to  London,  he  remains  in  custody  of  a 
messenger.  Beseeches  the  Lords  to  take  him  into  their  pitiful  con- 
sideration, as  having  had  no  ill  intent,  either  to  church  or  common- 
wealth, in  his  intended  journey,  but  being  fatherless  and  unable  to 
subsist  in  that  poor  estate  he  was,  and  being  emulous  of  learning, 
he  embraced  a  profier  to  go  to  the  gentleman  before-mentioned  and 
to  read  to  and  write  for  him,  he  being  weak  and  sickly,  for  which 
petitioner  was  promised  lOl.  a  year,  his  diet,  chamber,  and  the  use 
of  the  other's  books.  Prays  pardon  and  discharge,  restoration  of 
his  trunk,  and  licence  to  go  forward  in  his  journey.  [1  p.]  En- 
dorsed, 

34.  I.  Order  for  petitioner  to  attend  Sec.  Windebank,  who  is  to 
give  order  as  he  shall  think  good.  Inner  Star  Chamber, 
9th  November  ]  638.     [I  p.] 

Nov.  9.  35.  Sheet  of  paper  prepared  for  receipt  of  Luc  Vicomte  de  Fabroni 
for  l.OOOZ.,  paid  to  him  under  the  warrant  of  the  6th  inst.  (see  No,  24.) 
[Incomplete.    ^  p."] 


DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I.  95 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCI. 


.[Nov.  '9.]  36.  List  of  comities  and  corporations  in  England  and  Wales,  pre- 
pared for  calculation  of  the  reduction  of  the  sums  to  be  assessed 
upon  the  counties  for  ship-money  in  writs  issued  this  day.  The 
counties  were  thrown  into  groups,  each  group,  instead  of  as 
before  in  most  cases  each  county,  being  called  upon  to  supply  a  ship 
or  ships.     [9  pp-l 

Nov.  9.  37.  Rough  list  prepared  by  Nicholas  of  all  the  corporate  towns  in 

England  and  Wales,  with  a  tabular  statement  of  the  sum  at  which 
they  had  been  previously  assessed  to  the  ship-money,  one  third  of  that 
amount,  and  the  sum  at  which  each  was  to  be  assessed  in  the  forth- 
coming writs.     [4  pp.] 

Nov.  9.  38.  Fair  copy  of  the  list  last  calendared,  with  the  particular  sum 
assessed  upon  each  town  in  the  ship-money  writs  issued  this  day. 
[_9pp.] 

Nov.  9.  39.  The  Council  to  Francis  Earl  of  Cumberland,  Sheriff  of  West- 
morland. Instructions  for  the  execution  of  the  writ  for  ship-money 
sent  to  the  Earl,  conjointly  with  similar  writs  sent  to  the  sheriffs  of 
Cumberland,  Northumberland,  and  Durham.  These  four  counties 
were  to  raise  2,000^,  whereof  Westmorland  was  to  furnish  300^.., 
Cumberland  300Z.,  Northumberland  700^.,  and  Durham,  with  the 
coal  mines  and  Gateside  [Gateshead],  700/.     l_Copy.     9f  ppJ] 

Nov.  9.         40.  Rough  draft  of  the  same  by  Nicholas.     [2  pp."] 

Nov.  9.  41.  The  like  rough  draft  of  similar  letter  of  the  Council  to  the 
Sheriff  of  Rutland,  which  co.  was  assessed  with  cos.  Lincoln  and 
Leicester  to  furnish  4,900?.,  whereof  co.  Rutland  was  to  bear  350?., 
CO.  Lincoln  2,900?.,  and  co.  Leicester  1,650?.     [If  p.j 

Nov.  9.  42.  The  like  rough  draft  of  similar  letter  to  the  Sheriff  of  co. 
Buckingham,  which  was  assessed  with  cos.  Oxford,  Berks,  and 
Bedford  to  bear  5,500?.,  of  which  co.  Buckingham  was  to  bear 
1,650?.,  Berks  1,450?.,  Oxon  1,300?.,  Bedford  1,100?.     [4^  pp.] 

Nov.  9.  43.  Another  form  of  the  same  letter,  intended  apparently  to  have 
been  used  on  this  occasion,  but  left  without  the  blanks  having  been 
filled  up.     [13^1?^.] 

Nov.  9.  44.  Copy  of  similar  letter  to  the  Sheriff  of  Berks,  for  levy  of  the 
1,450?.  mentioned  in  the  last  article  but  one.     [10  pp.] 

Nov.  9.  The  like  rough  draft  of  similar  letter  to  the  Mayor  and  Sheriffs  of 
Bristol,  assessed  with  cos.  Dorset  and  Somerset  to  levy  4,800?., 
whereof  the  city  and  county  of  the  city  of  Bristol  were  to  bear  250?., 
Dorset  1,750?.,  and  Somerset  2,800?.  [Begins  on  the  back  of  the 
last  page  of  the  article  No.  42  of  this  Vol.     1 1  p.] 

,  Nov..  9...  -     45.  Full  copy  of  the  same..    [6|  pp.J 


96  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  VOL.CCCCL  ' 

Nov.  9.  46.  The  Council  to  the  Sheriff  of  co.  Cambridge,  assessed  with  cos. 
Huntingdon  and  Northampton  to  levy  4,200i.,  whereof  co.  Cam- 
bridge to  bear  1,300Z.,  Huntingdon  750Z.,  and  Northampton  2,1 50Z. 

Nov.  9.  47.  The  same  to  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Sheriffs  of  London,  Similar 
letter  for  levy  of  5,500Z.     [5|  ppl] 

Nov.  9.         48.  The  same  to  the  Sheriff  of  Middlesex,  assessed  with  co.  Hert- 
Whitehaii.     ford  to  levy  3,300^.,   whereof  Middlesex  to  bear  1,800/!.  including 

350L  to   be   assessed   on  Westminster,   and    co.   Hertford    l,500i. 

ICopy.     18^  pp.] 

Nov.  9.  49.  Order  of  the  Court  of  Exchequer.  The  court  was  informed, 
on  the  motion  of  Mr.  Lenthall,  that  a  fine  of  501.  was  on  the  21st 
June  1632  imposed  by  the  High  Commissioners  on  Ralph  Grafton, 
of  St.  Michael,  Cornhill,  upholsterer,  and  was  certified  to  this  court, 
whereupon  process  was  awarded  and  the  said  Grafton  committed  to 
the  Fleet,  where  he  long  remained  a  prisoner.  On  the  14th  June 
last,  on  Mr.  Lenthall's  motion,  it  was  ordered  that  Grafton,  putting 
in  security  to  render  his  body  again  to  the  Fleet  on  the  morrow  of 
St.  Martin,  should  be  at  liberty  in  the  meantime.  Now  in  respect 
of  the  infirmity  of  the  said  Grafton,  and  his  urgent  occasions,  a 
similar  order  is  made  for  his  being  at  liberty  until  the  Octave  of 
the  Purification  in  next  Hilary  term.     [3|  pp.^ 

Nov.  10.  Petition  of  George  Hooker  to  the  King.  Petitioner  was  deputy 
receiver  to  the  late  Queen  Anne,  your  Majesty's  mother,  under  the 
Earl  of  Totness,  for  many  years.  After  her  decease.  King  James,  in 
consideration  of  his  faithful  service,  bestowed  upon  him  during  life 
a  pension  of  iOOl.  per  annum.  But  petitioner,  by  reason  of  long 
sickness,  not  being  able  himself  to  solicit  for  payment  of  his  pension 
nor  for  other  moneys  due  to  him,  there  is  now  in  arrear  of  the 
pension  1,800^.,  as  also  1,600?.  laid  out  by  petitioner  about  your 
Majesty's  park,  garden,  and  walks  at  Nonsuch.  Petitioner  being 
very  old  and  infirm,  much  decayed  in  his  estate,  and  greatly  indebted, 
beseeches  your  Majesty  to  give  order  for  payment  of  the  moneys 
due  to  him  as  aforesaid.  [_Copy.  Vol.  cccxxiii.,  p.  335.  |-  p.] 
Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer,  who  is  to  take  petitioner  into 
consideration,  and  give  him,  satisfaction  as  soon  as  his 
Majesty's  more  pressing  affairs  will  permit  him.  White- 
hall, 10th  November ']6S8.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  3S6.     ^  p.] 

^ov.  10.  60.  Bishop  Morton,  of  Durham,  and  Sir  John  Fenwick  to  the 
Council.  By  order  of  27th  June  last,  you  required  us  to  call  all 
parties  before  us  touching  a  damage  of  94?.  15s.  supposed  to  be  done 
by  Robert  Anderson  to  the  master  and  owners  of  the  Margaret,  of 
Yarmouth,  by  the  sale  of  75  chaldrons  of  unmerchantable  sea  coals, 
and  return  certificate  by  this  day.  The  said  Anderson  showed  us 
the  said  order,  but  it  pleased  God  to  visit  Sir  John  Fenwick  with  a 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


97 


1638. 


Nov.  10. 

London. 


Nov.  10. 
From  my 
lodging. 


Nov.  ]  0. 
Exeter  Palace. 


Vol.  CCCCI. 

long  and  dangerous  sickness,  and  yet  not  perfectly  recovered,  so  that 
we  could  not  meet  to  execute  the  said  order  within  the  time  limited. 
[Ip.] 

51.  Sir  Thomas  "Walsingham,  Vice-Admiral  of  Kent,  to  Nicholas. 
In  obedience  to  letter  of  the  9th  of  June  last,  be  pleased  from  me 
to  certify  that  I  have  accounted  and  have  paid  in  all  the  money  to 
the  Admiralty  OflBce  which  I  have  received  since  the  death  of  the 
last  Lord  Admiral  until  October  1637,  since  which  time  until 
April  last  I  have  nothing  to  account  for.  Mr.  Wyan,  the  registrar, 
knoweth  this  to  be  true.     [1  pj] 

52.  John  Weston  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  My  low  and  dangerous 
condition  has  not  only  hindered  me  waiting  on  you,  but  also  pre- 
vented my  attendance  on  my  church  and  parish,  but  I  have  now 
obtained  some  liberty,  and  shall  perform  all  double  diligence  in  my 
place,  only  my  request  is  that  you  would  pass  by  these  stays  occa- 
sioned through  ray  deep  extremities.  There  is  one  Jones  has  got  a 
sequestration  on  ray  tithes  for  160?.  I  am  raost  unjustly  dealt  with 
by  him.  I  owe  him  not  half  the  moneys  he  claims.  I  beseech  you 
to  stay  payment  till  it  appear  before  the  Lord  Privy  Seal  what  I 
owe  him,  in  whose  court  he  is  to  give  an  account.  Mr.  Willett  I 
owe  not  a  penny  for  serving  of  my  cure  ;  he  was  employed  by 
Mr.  Walker,  my  curate,  who  says  he  has  fully  satisfied  him.  I  am 
indebted  to  St.  Paul's  church  three  year's'  pay,  which  is  Ql. ;  I  beseech 
you  let  that  be  paid  in  the  first  place.     [1  ^.] 

53.  Bishop  Hall,  of  Exeter,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Gives  an  account 
of  a  lamentable  accident  which  happened  in  the  church  of  Withy- 
combe,  on  Sunday,  October  21st  last.  The  people  wei-e  assembled  for 
evening  prayer,  and  were  singing  the  psalm  in  the  midst  of  divine 
service,  when  there  brake  out  a  thunder-clap  and  lightning  which 
entered  the  chui'ch  "like  the  fire  and  wind  that  come  out  of  the 
mouth  of  a  discharged  cannon,  which  bears  down  before  it  those 
that  are  within  the  air  of  it.  This  blow  of  lightning  killed  three 
outright."  Mr.  Hill,  sitting  above  in  the  church,  next  to  the  wall, 
had  his  head  divided  in  the  midst.  Instantly  it  flew  to  the  other 
side,  and  killed  one  that  sate  quite  opposite,  and  grazed  upon  the 
wall  close  by  him.  One  it  killed  in  the  way.  Besides  which  three, 
none  were  slain.  At  the  same  instant  it  struck  down  a  pinnacle  of  the 
steeple,  and  beat  it  down  into  the  church,  and  shattered  the  church, 
so  as  both  stones  and  timber  (good  store)  fell  down  among  the  people. 
There  were  many  hurt,  some  18  as  they  guessed  dangerously,  and  of 
those  which  were  scorched  and  (as  it  were)  blasted  with  the  light- 
ning, they  supposed  there  were  fourscore.  The  minister  either  feU 
or  was  stricken  down  as  the  rest  were,  in  his  pew.  A  kinswoman 
of  his,  who  sat  in  a  seat  not  far  from  his,  was  pitifully  scorched  ;  her 
gown,  two  waistcoats,  and  her  other  garments  burnt  upon  her  back. 
There  were  no  less  than  300  people  in  the  church.  There  were 
divers  strange  circumstances  (especially  in  the  fall  of  the  pinnacle 
and  other  stones  and  timber)  which  you  may  be  pleased  to  receive 


13. 


G 


98 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Nov.  10. 

Whitehall. 


Nov.  10. 


Nov.  10. 

Nov.  10. 
Nov.  10. 


Nov.  11. 

Whitehall. 


Vol.  CCCCI. 

from  the  relation  of  Mr.  Dove,  brother-in-law  to  my  Lord  of  Ely, 
who  was  lately  an  eye-witness  thereof.     [Seal  with  arms.     2§  pp."] 

Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  the  Verderors,  Foresters,  and  Eegarders 
of  the  forest  of  Rockingham,  co.  Northampton.  Suit  has  been  made 
by  Sir  Christopher  Hatton  to  grant  him  licence  for  feUing  a  grove 
or  coppice  of  his,  known  as  Hassell's  Coppice,  in  Corby  Woods  and 
walk  within  the  forest  of  Rockingham.  You  are  to  certify  how 
many  acres  the  said  coppice  contains,  and  whether  the  same  may 
be  felled  this  year,  without  destruction  of  the  vert  or  prejudice  to 
his  Majesty's  game.     [Copy.     See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  S2.     §  p.] 

54.  Account  of  the  way  in  which  3,000?.  to  be  paid  this  day  for 
drainage  works  is  to  be  proportioned  upon  18  shares,  at  the  rate  of 
166?.  13s.  id.  per  share.  Earl  of  Lindsey,  6661.  13s.  M  ;  Earl  of 
Dorset,  333Z.  6s.  8d.;  Lord  Willoughby,  383?.  6s.  Sd.;  Peregrine 
Bertie,  166?.  13s.  id. ;  Sir  Edward  Heron,  333?.  6s.  8c?. ;  Sir  William 
KiUigrew,  833?.  6s.  8c?.;  Sir  Thomas  Stafford,  166?.  13s.  4c?.;  Sir 
Francis  Godolphin,  166?.  13s.  4<d.     [|  p.'] 

55.  Receipt  of  Michael  Tarleton,  servant  to  Philip  Mainwaring, 
sheriff  of  co.  Chester,  for  a  letter  addressed  to  his  master  by  the 
Council,  sent  with  the  writ  for  ship-money.     [|  p.] 

56.  Account  by  Sir  William  Russell  of  sbip-money  for  1637. 
Total  received,  150,411?.  12s.  lie?. ;  unpaid,  46,002?.  14s.  9d.    [1  p.] 

57.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637,  levied  and  in  the  hands  ot 
the  sheriffs.  Total  4,400?.,  which,  with  the  sum  received  by  Sir 
William  Russell,  makes  154,811?.  collected.     [1  p.] 

58.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Upon  information  against 
George  Walker,  clerk,  wherein  he  was  charged  to  have  delivered  in 
a  sermon  preached  the  4th  October  last,  things  tending  to  faction 
and  disobedience  to  authority,  and  upon  hearing  Walker's  answer, 
and  perusal  of  such  passages  in  the  said  sermon  as  were  found  in 
writing  under  his  own  hand,  it  was  ordered  that  Walker  should  be 
committed  close  prisoner  to  a  messenger's  custody,  and  that  the 
Attorney-General  and  Solicitor-General  should  cause  such  proceeding 
to  be  had  against  Walker  as  they  should  find  cause.  And  whereas 
the  clerk  of  the  Council  had,  by  warrant  from  the  Board,  seized 
other  writings  containing  notes  of  sermons  prqiached  at  other  times 
by  this  Walker,  it  was  ordered  that  the  perusal  of  them  should  be 
recommended  to  the  Dean  of  St.  Paul's,  Dr.  Mumford,  and  Dr.  King. 
Lastly,  his  Majesty  signified  that  Archbishop  Laud  should  cause 
Walker  to  be  suspended  from  his  ministerial  function,  and  should 
nominate  another  person  to  discharge  the  cure,  with  allowance  out 
of  the  profits  of  the  parsonage.     [1 J  p.]     Underwritten, 

58.  I.  Archbishop  Laud  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  You  are  to  take 
order  for  the  suspension  of  Oeorge  Walker,  clerk,  tam  ab 
officio  quam  beneficio,  and  appoint  some  able  person  to 
discharge  this  cure,  and  proportion  him,  such  allowance 
as  you  shall  think  fitting.    November  19?^,  1638.    [|-  p^ 


DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I. 


99 


1638. 
Nov.  11. 

WUtehaU. 


Vol.  CCCCI. 

59.  Resolutions  of  the  Committee  of  Council  of  War.  It  is  very 
requisite  that  before  any  levies  of  men  be  made  for  an  army  some 
course  may  be  taken  for  taking  off  all  such  projects  as  yield  his 
Majesty  no  considerable  profit  and  are  grievous  to  his  subjects,  as 
particularly  concerning  cottagers,  fines  of  sheriffs  who  sell  offices, 
sole  exportation  of  butter,  sealing  of  reels,  imposition  on  iron,  taking 
bonds  concerning  venison  and  partridges,  sealing  butter  casks,  sealing 
buttons,  licensing  coaches,  bricks,  hats,  baronets  of  Nova  Scotia, 
sealing  linen  and  bone  lace,  of  all  which  the  Lords  resolved  to  speak 
with  the  King  for  better  preparing  the  hearts  and  affections  of  his 
Majesty's  subjects  to  serve  his  Majesty  in  a  business  of  so  great 
importance.     {Draft,     f  ^.] 

Nov.  1 1 .         Copy  of  the  above.     [See  Vol.  cccxcv.,  p.  49.     1  p.] 


Nov.  11. 

Bishop 
Auckland. 


60.  Bishop  Morton,  of  Durham,  to  Sir  Henry  Vane,  Comptroller 
of  the  Household.  Foresight  of  your  much  employment  in  these 
busy  times  has  caused  me  to  be  silent  a  long  time,  as  loath  to  im- 
portune you  unseasonably  in  behalf  of  our  people,  surcharged  with 
payments  for  his  Majesty's  carriages.  The  outcries  of  those  who 
hitherto  want  their  payment  will  not  suffer  me  longer  to  be  silent, 
but  earnestly  to  beseech  you  to  commiserate  their  case.  The  North 
Riding  of  Yorkshire,  after  their  own  promises,  many  orders  from  the 
Council,  and  some  collection  made  in  Richmondshire,  still  forbear, 
and  have  indeed  denied  to  perform  any  assistance  unto  us,  so  that  I 
can  conceive  no  hope  of  relief  of  this  poor  county  except  the  jus- 
tices of  the  said  riding  may  be  more  absolutely  commanded  to  sub- 
mit themselves  to  a  proportionable  payment;  or,  because,  the 
exception  taken  by  them  is  that  any  such  burden  should  be  singly 
put  upon  them  of  that  riding,  therefore  the  Council  will  be  pleased 
to  order  the  other  two  ridings  to  join  in  contribution,  the  rather  for 
that  they  can  pretend  that  they  were  specially  at  charges  for  his 
Majjesty's  carriages  to  the  manor  at  York ;  or,  lastly,  that  his 
Majesty  would  provide  them  a  relief  by  some  other  means.  [Seal 
with  arms.     1  ^.] 

61.  Francis  Turner  to  [Sir  John  Lambe].  The  repairs  of  Oadby 
chancel  were  at  a  stay  for  want  of  proper  lathes,  not  procurable  at 
Leicester.  The  sickness  of  Leicester.  Reports  on  various  matters 
relating  to  change  of  tenants,  sale  of  stock,  and  other  business  con- 
nected with  the  management  of  Sir  John's  property  in  that  place. 
Disorders  in  the  waste  or  open  fields,  which  require  a  court  for  their 
settlement.     [  1  i^  P-] 

Receipt  of  William  Lyngwood  for  a  letter  from  the  Council, 
directed  to  Sir  WilHam  Wiseman,  sheriff  of  Essex,  sent  with  the 
writ  for  ship-money.     [See  No.  55  of  this  Volume.    4  lines.'] 

Nov.  12.         62.  Dr.  Peter  Turner  to  Archbishop  Laud.   Reports  the  contents  of 
Merton  College,  various  entries  on  the  old  register  of  Merton  College,  especially  of 
rn^ft^,.^  1     jg^^g^g  Qf  Archbishop  Parker,  evidencing  the  authority  -wrhicU  he 
exercised  as  visitor ,  of  thfr  college,  all .  which  are  submitted  to  the 

G  2 


Nov  11. 

Oadby. 


Nov.  11. 


([Oxford.] 


100 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCI, 

archbishop  with  the  writer's  view  of  their  application  to  the  questions 
arising  out  of  his  recent  visitation.     [1^  p.] 

Nov.  12.  63.  Edward  Nicholas  to  [Sec.  Windebank  ?].  I  send  you  a  col- 
Westminster,  lection  of  the  resolutions  of  the  committee  [of  the  Council  of  War] 
from  the  time  that  I  attended  the  same,  and  likewise  the  proportion 
of  munition  for  Newcastle ;  that  for  Hull  is  with  Mr.  Comptroller. 
There  were  directions  given  to  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance  to  order 
Capt.  Legge  to  view  the  castle  of  Holy  Island,  and  to  certify  the  state 
thereof!,  which  certificate  is  not  yet  returned.  I  also  send  you  an 
estimate  from  the  Officers  of  the  Ordnaaice  of  the  charge  of  arms 
wanting  for  completing  12,000  foot  and  400  horse.  After  this  day 
I  shall  be  out  of  physic  and  ready  to  attend  you.     [1  p.J 

Nov.  12.         04.  John  Windebank  to  his  father,  Sec.  Windebank.     The  secre- 

New  College,  tary's  letters  have  deeply  affected  him,  and  he  pledges  himself  to 

Oxford.       p^y  £^ttejition  to  the  kind  and  fatherly  counsel  which  they  contain. 

Nov.  12.  63.  Funeral  certificate  by  William  Ryley,  Bluemantle,  of  Sir  John 
Lawrence,  of  Chelsea,  Middlesex,  and  of  Delaford,  in  Iver,  Bucks, 
who  died  this  day,  and  was  buried  in  a  chapel  appropriated  to  his 
family  in  Chelsea  church.  He  married  Grissell,  daughter  and  one 
of  the  co-heirs  of  Jervas  Gibbons,  of  Benenden,  Kent,  and  left  issue 
at  his  death  three  sons  : — 1 ,  John ;  2,  Robert ;  3,  Henry  ;  and  three 
daughters : — 1,  Anne ;  2,  Frances ;  3,  Grissell.     l_I>raft.     |  p.'] 

Nov.  12.  66.  Richard  Plummer  to  [Sir  John  Lambe].  Reports  progress 
Evington.  made  in  plotting  forth  Sir  John's  land  at  Oadby.  The  freeholders, 
except  Smalley  and  West,  are  all  willing.  The  rest  will  take  three 
acres  for  a  yard  land,  and  will  keep  that  enclosed  all  the  year. 
Wishes  to  know  if  Sir  John  concurs  in  that  arrangement.  If  so, 
when  it  is  all  set  out  he  will  send  Sir  John  a  map  of  their  plot. 
Mr.  Rolfe  is  arrested  and  taken  to  Warwick  gaol.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  13.  67.  William  Cox  to  [Sir  John  Lambe  ?].  Mr.  Hulse,  minister  of 
Harborough.  Great  Bowden,  received  a  letter  last  week  from  a  student  in  Christ 
Church,  in  Oxford,  who  lately  spoke  with  the  dean  of  that  house 
concerning  the  churchyards  and  Easter  ofierings  of  St.  Mary's  and 
Great  Bowden,  which  Mr.  Jackson  enjoys,  and  the  dean  certified  him 
that  all  the  three  cures  belonging  to  the  impropriation  of  Great 
Bowden  were  augmented  by  himself  and  the  canons,  but  as  yet  we 
have  not  received  any  more  than  our  usual  stipends,  he  20Z.  per  annum, 
and  myself  161.  per  annum,  which  makes  us  think  that  Mr.  Jack- 
son has  swallowed  up  our  augmentation  in  the  churchyards  and 
Easter  oflFerings.  We  beseech  you  to  afford  us  your  advice  what  we 
had  best  do.  Of  late  Mr.  Pentfloe  and  Mr.  Jackson  are  grown  very 
intimate,  which  makes  us  suspect  that  they  conceal  and  Jackson 
enjoys  that  which  should  belong  to  us.     [|  p.] 

Nov.  13.  68.  Petition  of  Elizabeth  Staple,  of  St.  Giles-in-the-Fields,  to 
Archbishop  Laud.     Petitioner  being  fellow-servant  in  house  with 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  101 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCI. 

George  Harris,  of  St.  Andrew's,  Holborn,  he  contracted  himself 
with  petitioner  in  way  of  marriage,  and  afterwards,  by  his  impor- 
tunity, petitioner  being  a  weak  young  woman,  yielded  to  his  desires. 
Since  which  time  Harris  refuses  to  perform  his  promise,  and  hides 
himself  in  obscure  places  about  London,  and  will  be  presently  gone 
beyond  sea,  to  the  utter  undoing  of  petitioner.  Prays  an  attachment 
for  apprehending  Harris,  and  detaining  him  until  he  marry  peti- 
tioner, or  give  bond  to  answer  her  in  legal  course.  [^  p-^  Under- 
written, 

68.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe  to  taJce  order  as  he  shall  find 

fitting.     Fovember  12th,  1638.     [^  p.] 

Nov.  13.  69.  Petition  of  William  Brenton  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Petitioner 
was  bound  upon  a  voyage  for  the  East  Indies,  and  left  his  wife  suffi- 
cient means  to  keep  her  in  his  absence,  yet  she  has  lewdly  spent 
petitioner's  whole  estate,  and  has  lived  in  adultery,  having  two 
children  unlawfully  born,  the  one  by  James  Lee,  the  other  by  James 
Write.  Petitioner  desiring  to  be  divorced,  she,  by  the  advice  of  her 
proctor,  wages  law  with  him  to  his  utter  undoing,  having  2s.  a  week 
allowed  her  by  the  judge  of  the  court,  to  be  paid  by  petitioner, 
which  he  is  nowise  able  to  pay,  she  having  consumed  all  his  estate ; 
yet,  for  non-payment  thereof,  he  is  in  danger  of  being  excommunicate. 
Prays  order  that  he  may  be  divorced  according  to  law.  [|  ^.] 
Underwritten, 

69.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  give  the  archbishop  an 

account  what  he  conceives  of  the  suggestions.     November 
13^^,1638.     [i^,] 

Nov.  13.  70.  Receipt  of  Henry  Kyme  and  Nicholas  Goldsborough,  deputy 
clerks  of  the  check,  for  63  letters  from  the  Council,  sent  with  the 
writs  for  ship-money  to  sheriifs  of  England  and  Wales.     [1  ^.] 

Nov.  13.  71.  Answer  of  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Aldermen  of  London  to  his 
Majesty's  letters  touching  the  office  of  Garbler.  Long  before  his 
Majesty's  letters,  the  committee  authorized  by  the  city,  granted  to 
Roger  Hatton,  then  present  garbler,  a  new  lease,  to  commence  after 
the  former,  for  21  years.  The  city  are  tied  to  make  good  the  said 
new  lease.  [Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank,  "  Lord  Mayor's  answer 
to  the  desi/re  of  Mr.  Smethwick."     |  p.] 

Nov.  14.  Petition  of  William  Abell,  Alderman  of  London,  and  the  rest  of 
the  Farmers  of  the  40s.  per  ton  oif  wines,  to  the  King.  Petitioners 
despatched  many  able  vintners  to  the  outports  and  inland  towns, 
with  letters  of  the  Council  recommending  a  conformity  in  all  mer- 
chants and  retailers  of  wines  to  the  city  of  London  in  their  trade, 
to  which  most  of  them  have  subu)itted  and  subscribed,  as'well  to  the 
payment  of  the  40s.  duty  as  otherwise.   Pray  for  a  proclamation  that 


102  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  .  ^°^-  ^^^^^- 

merchants  of  the  outports,  before  they  deliver  the  -wines  they  sell, 
shall  hereafter  take  the  duty  of  40s.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  1. 
i  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Attorney-General  to  prepare  the  proclamation 
prayed  for  if  petitioners  make  it  appear  that  the  inlamd 
vintners  have  consented  to  a  conformity  with  London. 
Whitehall,  IMh  November  16S8.     [Copy.    Ibid.    ^  p.] 

Nov.  14.         72.  Bri[an?]  Crowther,  late  Sheriff  of  co.  Eadnor,  to  the  Council. 

Knighton.  According  to  letter  of  the  31st  October  1637,  with  the  approbation 
of  Evan  Davies,  former  sheriff  of  the  county,  about  June  last  I 
directed  my  warrant  to  Lewis  Meredith,  bailiff  of  Presteigne,  for  col- 
lecting 121.  8s.  lOd.  due  by  the  said  borough,  being  the  residue  of 
the  ship-money  remaining  in  the  county  unpaid  by  the  former  sheriff, 
which  sum  he  could  not  collect  by  reason  of  the  plague,  which  con- 
tinued there  for  two  years  together,  and  did  not  cease  tiU  about  the 
latter  end  of  April  last.  Since  granting  the  said  warrant  I  have 
divers  times  demanded  receipt  of  the  sum  therein  mentioned,  which 
the  bailiff  nevertheless  neglects,  alleging  the  poverty  of  the  in- 
habitants in  respect  of  the  long  continuance  of  the  said  infection. 
[Seal  with  arms.     1  p^ 

Nov.  14.  73.  Edward  Earl  of  Dorset  to  Sec.  Windebank.  His  Majesty  is 
pleased,  on  Sunday  next,  to  hear  the  business  between  Capt.  Crispe 
and  his  adversaries,  and  that  Sir  Henry  Marten  have  notice  to 
attend  also.     [|  p.] 

Nov.  14.  74.  Petition  of  Thomas  Warner,  D.D.,  parson  of  Balsham,  co. 
Cambridge,  and  the  churchwardens  and  parishioners  there,  to  Arch- 
bishop Laud.  Robert  Cockerton,  of  that  parish,  for  four  or  five 
years  past,  has  been  divers  times  presented  for  crimes  of  ecclesiastical 
cognizance,  and  especially  for  his  carriage  in  the  church,  disturbing 
divine  service  at  such  time  as  he  was  excommunicated.  From  some 
of  these  presentments  he  has  appealed  to  the  Arches,  and  cited  the 
churchwardens,  the  cause  depending  there  almost  two  years,  and  for 
some  other  like  offeiices  he  is  now  questioned  in  the  High  Commis- 
sion Court.  But  Cockerton  continues  still  in  his  contemptuous 
courses,  inasmuch  as  the  whole  parish  is  much  disturbed  therewith, 
and  notwithstanding  he  was  published  excommunicate,  yet  upon 
Sunday  the  9th  September,  and  also  the  23rd,  he  came  and  sat  down 
in  the  church  just  at  the  time  of  morning  prayer,  and  though  the 
minister  and  churchwardens  desired  him  to  go  forth,  yet  he  would 
not,  but  said  he  had  the  King's  authority  to  go  anywhere,  and  he 
would  obey  no  excommunication,  nor  would  absent  himself,  but 
continued  talking  lewdly  and  loudly  in  the  church,  railing  at  the 
churchwardens,  and  protesting  that  as  he  had  done  that  day  he 
would  do  every  day,  and  so  no  service  was  said ;  and  he  has  divers 
times  since  continued  such  his  disturbance.     Petitioners  desire  an 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


103 


1638. 


Nov.  .14. 

Westminster. 


Nov.  14. 

Queen  Street. 


Vol.  OCCCI. 

attachment  against  him  ex  officio  for  his  appearance  in  the  High 
Commission  Court.     [1  ^.]     Endorsed, 

74.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe  to  take  order  for  an  attach- 

ment ;  "  hut  whether  the  husimess  shall  he  followed  ex 
o^axo  or  otherwise,  I  refer  it  to  his  consideration ;  how- 
ever, I  think  the  abuse  not  to  he  suffered.  W.  Cant." 
November  lUh,  1638.     [J  p.] 

75.  Edward  Nicholas  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  I  wrote  not  to 
you  last  week,  for  that  I  was  by  an  indisposition  of  health  forced 
to  take  physic  and  to  forbear  writing.  We  have  received  sad  news 
of  the  defeat  of  the  Prince  Palatine's  army  at  their  first  entrance  into 
action.  The  Palsgrave  hardly  escaped  by  swimming  over  a  river  ; 
his  brother  (Prince  Eobert)  is  taken  prisoner,  and  since  dead  of  his 
many  wounds,  having  fought  very  bravely,  and  (as  the  Gazette 
says)  like  a  lion.  Lord  Graven  and  divers  other  principal  com- 
manders are  also  made  prisoners.  Some  say  that  Brissac  is  either 
relieved  or  the  siege  removed,  but  this  I  believe  to  be  only  a  rumour 
raised  by  the  popish  party.  Mr.  Kirkham,  Clerk  of  the  Signet,  is 
dead,  and  Mr.  Warwick,  the  Lord  Treasurer's  secretary,  yesterday 
sworn  in  his  place.  We  hear  of  the  loss  of  near  30  sail  of  Hollanders 
and  other  vessels  in  the  TasseU  [Texel  ?]  during  the  last  great  storm, 
amongst  which  there  were  two  ships  that  had  2,000  chests  of  sugar, 
and  others  laden  with  pepper,  and  two  or  three  which  were  richly 
laden  and  outward  bound  for  the  West  Indies  worth  near  100,000?. 
Monday  last  Mr.  Herbert  Price  was  married  to  Mrs.  Arren,  one  of 
the  maids  of  honour,  whom  the  King  gave  in  marriage.  The  writs 
for  the  ship-money  are  most  of  them  delivered,  but  there  is  a  little 
more  than  a  third  part  demanded  of  the  sum  formerly  paid  by  the 
counties;  I  wish  it  may  be  well  paid.  It  is  said  the  affairs  in 
Scotland  are  likely  to  have  a  quiet  issue ;  Wednesday  next  is  the 
day  of  the  Assembly's  meeting  in  Scotland.  My  Lord  Chamberlain 
has  been  sick,  but  is  well  recovered.  The  King  has  made  an  appoint- 
ment to  go  next  week  to  Newmarket,  but  it  is  thought  it  will 
hardly  hold.  My  Lord  Admiral  has  relapsed  into  the  gout,  but  is 
now  pretty  well  recovered,  though  very  weak  in  his  feet.  The 
Queen-Mother  has  an  allowance  from  the  King  of  3,000L  a  month 
and  the  Duchess  of  Chevereux  is  allowed  by  the  King  210J.  a  week, 
as  I  hear.     \^Seal  with  arms.     2  pp."] 

76.  Thomas  Smith  to  the  same.  My  Lord  [the  Earl  of  North- 
umberland] is  so  well  recovered  that  he  has  the  use  of  both  his 
hands,  and  with  this  you  see  that  of  one  of  them ;  yet  he  is  not 
able  to  walk,  the  gout  has  so  debilitated  his  nerves.  Sir  Jacob 
Astley  has  been  with  the  King,  and  his  patent  is  di-awing  for  the 
castles  at  Plymouth.  The  Scotch  are  as  insolent  as  ever,  and  now 
we  think  how  to  curb  them.  Capt.  Hall  has  been  as  high  as 
Humber  mouth,  but  a  storm,  wherein  he  was  four  days,  has  forced 
him  into  Harwich,  whither  we  have  sent  to  him  to  put  the  arms 
into  some  fit  vessel  and  to  send  them  to  Hull,  and  himself  to  come 
in  with  the  old  leaky,  rotten  Adventure  to  Chatham.     [1  jj.] 


104  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1. 


,„„„  Vol.  CCCCI. 

Nov.  14.  77.  Separate  examinations  of  Thomas  Wetterall,  of  Westminster, 
lighterman  ;  Anthony  Penistone  ;  Thomas  West,  of  St.  Martin's-in- 
the-Fields,  woodmonger ;  Henry  Allen,  of  Southwark  ;  John  Col- 
borne,  of  Eotherhithe,  Surrey,  mariner ;  and  Andrew  Walker,  taken 
before  Peter  Heywood  and  Henry  Lide,  justices  of  peace  for  West- 
minster, in  conformity  with  the  directions  of  the  Council  calendared 
under  date  of  the  5th  inst.,  No.  18.  i.  All  the  said  persons  exa- 
mined proved  the  purchase  of  sea-coals  at  the  price  of  211.  a  score, 
that  is,  20  chaldrons,  and  were  accordingly  bound  over  to  appear 
before  the  Council  on  the  Wednesday  then  next.     [  =  2  pp.^ 

Nov.  14.  78.  Note  by  Thomas  Panson,  under-sheriff  of  co.  Lancaster,  con- 
cerning the  remainder  of  the  ship-moneys  for  that  county.  60Z. 
remained  in  the  hands  of  John  Claiton,  one  of  the  high  constables  of 
the  hundred  of  Blackburn,  he  having  gone  out  of  the  county,  and 
could  not  be  gotten  to  his  account.  The  corporation  of  Wigan  was 
all  behind  ;  the  inhabitants  had  denied  the  payment,  but  now  have 
given  directions  to  one  Pilkingtou,  who  is  now  in  town,  for  payment. 
(Several  whole  townships  were  as  yet  all  behind.  In  some  cases 
their  goods  had  been  distrained  and  bonds  taken  for  payment,  in 
others  their  goods  remained  unsold.  The  sheriff'  hoped  to  make  a 
good  account  by  next  term.     [1  p.'] 

Nov.  14.  Sir  Lewis  Watson  and  Charles  Cockayne,  vergers  of  the  bailiwicks 
of  Eockingham  and  Brigstock  in  the  forest  of  Rockingham,  co. 
Northampton^  to  Henry  Earl  of  Holland.  Certificate  that  Hassell's 
Coppice,  belonging  to  Sir  Christopher  Hatton,  might  be  felled  this 
year  without  destri^ction  of  the  vert  or  prejudice  to  the  game. 
{Latin.  .  Copy.    See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  35.     f  pl\ 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCII.,  November  15-30,  1638. 

Nov.  15.  1.  Reginald  Burdyn  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Reports  various  matters 
Leicester,  connected  with  the  proceedings  and  profits  of  Ecclesiastical  Courts 
in  the  Archdeaconry  of  Leicester.  He  has  begun  a  book  for  contri- 
butions to  St.  Paul's,  whereto  divers  of  the  clergy  have  subscribed, 
but  others  have  not  yet  done  it.  Prays  Sir  John  to  write  a  word  or 
two  to  that  purpose  which"'  ma^  be  read  at  this  next  visitation. 
"  Mr.  Crofts  on  Sunday  last  did  read  prayers  and  preach  at  Foston 
without  disturbance,  and  by  my  direction  he  hath  insinuated  with 
'  young  Carter's  widow,  and  from  her  he  hath  gotten  divers  papers 
which  were  in  her  husband's  study  which  may  avail  him  much  in 
that  bu.siness.  He  stayeth  here  to  gain  what  he  can  out  of  the 
woman,  now  that  he  hath  her  on  a  fair  advantage,  and  intendeth  to 
set  forward  on  Monday  next  for  London.  Mr.  Coker  hath  gotten  Sir 
William  [Faunt's]  title  for  a  friend  of  his,  and  doth  intend  to  follow  it 
against  Mr.  Crofts,  but  I  suppose  that  he  may  be  taken  off."  Smart 
and  Hunt  are  willing  to  have   Mr.  Staresmore  to  be  curate  at 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  105 


jg38  Vol.  CCCCII. 

Fleckney,  upon  your  approbation,  and  are  content  to  pay  him  20 
marks  per  annum  out  of  the  impropriate  tithes,  only  they  stick  at 
the  house,  which  they  claim  as  part  of  their  purchase.  My  advice  is 
that  he  do  not  at  present  meddle  with  the  house  at  all,  for  it  is 
litigious,  and  most  ruinous.  For  him  to  turn  tenant  to  them  for 
the  house  upon  any  terms  may  be  in  prejudice  of  the  church  right. 
[3  pp.] 

Nov.  15.  2.  Alexander  Davison,  mayor,  and  eight  others  of  Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne,  to  Thomas  Eiddell,  "  at  Mr.  Scargell's  over  against  the  Sun 
Tavern  in  Holborn,  near  Chancery  Lane  end."  Hope  you  have 
received  our  answer  touching  Sir  Robert  Heath's  business  and  the 
ship-money.  We  have  been  at  excessive  charges  in  repairing  our 
walls,  gates,  portcullises,  and  doing  other  things  directed  by  the 
gentleman  sent  hither  by  Captain  Legge ;  the  truth  is,  our  daily 
charge  is  so  great,  the  town  in  so  much  debt,  and  the  revenues  so 
small  by  occasion  of  the  small  trade  of  ships,  that  we  run  still 
further  and  further  in  debt.  What  charges  we  have  been  at  already 
we  are  content  to  bear,  but  if  we  shall  be  put  to  any  new  charges 
neither  the  common  purse  nor  our  particulars  are  able  to  bear  it. 
P.S.  —The  fall  of  the  windows  will  cost  us  about  1,200/.  [Seal  with 
device.     1  p."] 

Nov.  15.  3.  Extract  from  the  Book  of  Acts  of  the  Court  of  High  Commis- 
sion respecting  the  sentence  therein  given  against  Theodore  Morris, 
of  Kefenheir,  in  the  parish  of  Llanrhaiadr-jmmochnant,  co.  Denbigh. 
John  Williams,  being  vicar  of  Llanrhaiadr,  Theodore  Morris,  a 
parishioner,  and  Thomas  Evans,  curate  of  the  said  parish  for  nine 
years,  on  Midsummer  Eve,  1635,  Morris  caused  Evans  to  be  arrested 
in  the  churchyard  as  he  was  coming  from  evening  prayer,  and  then 
and  there  struck  him  two  or  three  blows  with  a  cudgel,  and  likewise 
struck  the  said  curate's  wife,  beating  her  to  the  ground  and  breaking 
her  head,  and  also  struck  the  said  John  Williams.  Morris  was  pro- 
nounced to  have  incurred  the  sentence  of  excommunication,  was 
fined  2001.  to  the  King,  enjoined  to  make  a  public  submission,  con- 
demned in  costs  of  suit,  and  committed  to  prison  until  he  gave  bond 
with  sureties  for  performance  of  this  order,     [3  J  pp.] 

Nov.  16.  4.  Sir  John  Lenthall,  Daniel  Featlej,  and  John  Jowles,  Justices  of 
Southwark.  Peace  for  Surrey,  to  the  Council.  According  to  order  of  the  7th  inst. 
we  have  taken  farther  examinations  concerning  enhancing  the  prices 
of  sea  coals,  and  those  w;hom  we  conceive  to  be  delinquents  we  have 
bound  over  to  appear  beforg  you  by  recognizances  which  we  present, 
together  with  their  examinations.  There  are  retailers  of  sea-coals 
by  the  peck  and  half  bushel  to  the  poor  at  8d.  per  bushel,  which 
comes  to  24s.  the  chaldron,  which  we  conceive  to  be  a  great  abuse. 
[Seal  iinth  arms.     1  p-l    Enclosed, 

4. 1.  Separate  examinations  of  William  Bavin,  of  St.  Olave's,  South- 
wark, timberman,  John  Alsey,  of  St.  Saviour's,  South- 


106  DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCn. 

warh,  tanner,  AnnGoge,  of  St.  Saviowr's,  widow,  Henry 
Allen,  of  Bcmkside,  woodmonger,  also  of  Jonas  Ja/mes, 
Roger  Oalcott,  and  George  Sawes.     [3  pp-l 

4.  II.  Recognizances  of  William  Bavin,  George  Howes,  Ann  Goge, 
Robert  Jewell,  and  Thomas  Broad  i/n  1001.  each,  con- 
ditioned for  their  appearance  before  the  Gouncil  on 
Wednesday  then  next.  16  November  1638.  [26  lA/nes  on 
parchment^ 

Nov.  16.  5.  Edward  Nicholas  to  Dr.  Young,  Dean  of  Winchester.  Observa- 
tion of  your  justice  and  goodness  makes  me  confident  of  success  in  a 
suit  to  you  on  behalf  of  niy  nephew,  John  Ryves,  whose  case  is  this : 
Francis  Ryves,  of  Horsebridge,  Hants,  in  March  1636,  by  his  will 
having  given  to  the  heirs  of  the  Humbers  (his  wife's  kindred)  all 
his  land,  he  gave  his  lease  of  the  farm  of  Horsebridge  to  his  right 
heir,  who  is  my  said  nephew,  after  the  death  of  his  wife,  whom  he 
made  his  sole  executrix.  Mrs.  Ryves,  widow  of  the  said  Francis,  to 
frustrate  my  kinsman,  labours  to  surrender  the  old  lease,  in  which 
there  are  about  18  years  to  run,  and  to  take  a  new  from  you  and 
the  chapter  of  Winchester,  she  being  an  old  and  sickly  woman.  My 
suit  is,  that  she  be  not  admitted  to  renew  the  lease.  Some  friends 
of  Mrs.  Ryves  endeavour  to  get  a  command  to  you  in  his  Majesty's- 
name.  I  am  confident  his  Majesty,  being  truly  informed,  will  not 
give  any  such  order.  If  you  shall  receive  any  such  signification  of 
his  Majesty's  pleasure,  I  will  use  means  to  satisfy  his  Majesty  of  the 
truth  of  the  business.     [Draft.     2|-  pp^ 

Nov.  16.  6.  Anthony  Cade  to  Sir  John  Lambe,  Dr.  Duck,  and  Dr.  Farmery. 
Biilesdon.  In  respect  of  vay  age  and  disability  to  serve  the  cure  in  my  vicarage 
of  BUlesdon,  I  made  a  resignation  thereof  into  the  archbishop's 
hands,  but  finding  myself  unable  to  depart  thence  in  the  winter,  I 
thought  good  to  recall  it  tiU  the  spring.  The  benefice  having  been 
pronounced  void  before  my  revocation  came  to  the  court,  I  am 
content  the  resignation  shall  stand  in  force,  and  institution  be 
granted  to  him  to  whom  it  belongs.     [^  p.'\ 

Nov.  16.  Certificate  of  William  Ryley,  Bluemantle,  that  Edward  Cecil, 
Viscount  Wimbledon,  and  Baron  Putney,  died  this  day  at  his  house 
at  Wimbledon.  He  married  three  wives.  1.  Theodotia,  of  the 
house  of  Lord  Noel,  by  the  mother  of  the  house  of  Lord  Harrington, 
who  died  at  Utrecht,  by  whom  he  had  issue  four  daughters,  viz., 
Dorothy,  yet  unmarried  ;  Albinia,  married  to  Sir  Christopher  Wray, 
of  Barlings  Abbey,  co.  Lincoln ;  Elizabeth,  married  to  Francis  Lord 
Willoughby,  of  Parham  ;  Frances,  married  to  James  Fiennes,  son  and 
heir  apparent  to  Viscount  Say  and  Sele.  Lord  Wimbledon's  second 
wife  was  Diana  Drury,  of  Hawstead,  Suffolk,  by  the  mother  descended 
from  the  families  of  the  Dukes  of  Buckingham  and  Stafford,  and 
one  of  the  coheirs  of  Sir  Robert  Drury,  of  Hawstead,  by  whom  Lord 
Wimbledon  had  issue  one  daughter,  named  Anne,  who  died  an 
infant.  Lord  Wimbledon's  third  wife  was  Sophia,  daughter  of  Sir 
Edward    Zouch,  of  Woking,  Surrey,    by  whom   he   had  one  son. 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  107 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCII. 

Algernon,  -who  died  an  infant.  His  Lordship  followed  the  wars  in 
the  Netherlands  thirty-five  years,  and  was  colonel  of  the  English 
horse  at  the  battle  of  Newport  in  Flanders.  On  his  return  he  was 
made  "  Governor  of  State  and  War,''  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Surrey,  and 
captain  and  governor  of  Portsmouth.     [Copy.     See  Vol.  ccclx.,  p.  13, 

HP-] 

Nov.  16.         7.  Certificate  of  Thomas  KeveU,  clerk  of  the  Fleet,  that  Philip 
"LeMeete."  Kjievett  was  committed  to  that  prison  on  the  26th  April  1637  by 
[Fleet  Prison.]  ^^^  Barons  of  the  Exchequer  'in  execution  for  lOOl.  debt  and  20s. 
damages  at  the  suit  of  Edward  Thorogood.      [J  p.] 

Nov.  17.  8.  Affidavit  of  Nicholas  Judd,  of  Wymondham,  Norfolk,  gentle- 
man, aged  80  years  or  thereabouts.  In  the  town  and  countj'^  wherein 
he  dwells  he  has  lands  of  the  yearly  value  of  100  marks  and  up- 
wards, all  which  lands  are  in  his  own  possession  and  his  farmers 
under  him,  and  are  free  from  incumbrance.  He  has  other  lands  in 
the  said  county  which  he  lets  to  his  farmers  for  the  yearly  rent  of 
31Z.  and  somewhat  above,  which  he  has  for  term  of  his  life,     [|  p.] 

Nov.  17.  9.  Account  by  Sir  William  Kussell  of  ship-money  for  1637.  Total 
received,  1.52,737Z.  18s.  5d.';  remaining,  43,676Z.  14s.  3d     [=2  pp.] 

Nov.  17.  10.  Account  of  ship-money  levied  and  in  the  sheriffs'  hands,  total 
3,900?.,  which  with  the  152,737Z.  paid  to  Sir  William  EusseU  makes 
156,637Z.  collected,  being  26,485Z.  less  than  was  p%id  in  on  the  18th 
November  1637.     [1  p.} 

Nov.  17.  11-  List  of  21  grants  of  offices  and  monopolies  which  are  to  be 
considered  of  by  the  judges.     [|  p.] 

Nov.  18.  12.  Francis  Turner  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  I  was  with  the  minister 
Oadby.'  of  Stoton  [Stoughton].  His  answer  is  that  Sir  Henry  Beaumont 
was  at  Mr.  Hawford's  house  at  Wistow,  and  he  being  gone  to  London, 
Sir  Henry  proffered  Mrs.  Hawford  so  much  money  as  the  party  pro- 
mised, but  she  refused  to  take  it.  I  told  those  tenants  of  yours  that 
hold  land  of  other  men  your  will  as  in  your  letter.  Mr.  Rolfe  lies  in 
gaol  for  want  of  money.  The  sickness  increases  at  Leicester.  We 
want  instructions  for  the  grass  lands.  Much  oppression  in  the  fields 
with  horses  and  sheep  by  the  freeholders,  to  the  great  hurt  of  your 
poor  tenants.     [1  p.'] 

[Nov.  18  ?]  13.  William  Plummer  and  six  others,  tenants  of  Sir  John  Lambe, 
to  Sir  John  Lambe.  We  are  informed  by  Goodman  Turner  that 
none  of  your  tenants  shall  occupy  other  lands  besides  your  own. 
We  have  taken  lands  of  other  men,  because  our  livings  are  so  small 
that  they  neither  yield  us  sufficient  provision  for  our  teams  or  for 
our  families,  but  if  you  think  fit  to  add  to  our  Uvings  we  will  pre- 
sently yield  up  what  we  hold  of  others.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  19.         14.  John  Windebank  to  his  father  Sec.  Windebank.     Knows  not 

New  College,  whether  more  to  admire  his  clemency  towards  the  writer   or  his 

Oxford.      affection.     He  has  not  merely  given  testimony  to  the  writer's  inno- 


108  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCII. 

cency  in  his  letters,  but  by  his  gifts.  If  he  had  not  possessed  a  father 
as  pious  as  prudent,  he  might  have  perished  guiltless,  but  unheard, 
under  the  contumely  of  that  most  lying  rumour.  Nothing  pained 
him  so  much  as  his  father's  anxiety,     [Xaf.  1  p."] 

Nov.  19.  15.  Minute  of  proceedings  at  a  meeting  of  divers  Lords  Lieu- 
Whitehall,  tenants,  as  well  members  of  the  Council  Board  as  others,  and 
the  Earl  of  Newport,  Master  of  the  Ordnance,  being  by  his  Ma- 
jesty's command  assembled  in  the  Council  Chamber.  The  Earl 
of  Arundel,  Earl  Marshal,  by  direction  of  bis  Majesty,  declared 
to  the  Lords  his  Majesty's  pleasure  in  divers  particulars,  amongst 
which  the  making  choice  of  patterns  of  arms  for  horse  and  foot  was 
of  principal  consideration,  to  the  end  that  according  to  those  patterns 
the  armourers  might  supply  monthly  such  arms  as  they  could.  Sir 
John  Heydon,  the  Lieutenant,  and  other  Officers  of  the  Ordnance, 
together  with  Sir  Jacob  Astley  and  Sir  Thomas  Morton,  were  called 
•  in  and  consulted,  and  the  armourers  having  brought  patterns  and 

represented  that  according  to  those  patterns  they  were  able  to  make 
every  month  either  800  footmen's  armours,  80  cuirassiers,  or  400 
arquebusiers,  it  was  resolved  that  the  Earl  of  Newport  with  the 
Lieutenant  and  other  Officers  of  the  Ordnance,  Sir  Jacob  Astley, 
and  Sir  Thomas  Morton  should  make  choice  of  patterns  and 
make  proof  of  their  temper  and  goodness,  and  that  the  arms  by 
them  chosen  should  be  patterns  as  well  for  fashion  as  goodness  in 
supplying  arms  de  futuro  to  his  Majesty  or  his  subjects,  at  the 
rates  covenanted  by  indenture  made  between  his  Majesty  and  the 
Company  of  Armourers.  But  in  regard  the  armourers  objected  that 
since  the  said  indenture  the  price  of  iron  was  much  risen,  viz.,  from 
20  marks  to  201.  the  ton,  whereby  they  were  disabled  to  perform 
their  said  contract,  besides  that,  as  they  alleged,  the  iron  now  com- 
monly made  was  not  so  good  and  serviceable  as  heretofore,  it  was 
thought  fit  that  the  armourers  should  be  furnished  with  iron  ready 
made  into  plates  out  of  his  Majesty's  works  at  reasonable  prices  ;  and 
the  Earl  of  Newport  was  to  inform  himself  from  the  Officers  of  the 
Ordnance,  and  to  certify  the  usual  prices.     [1|  p.] 

Nov.  19.  16.  Copy  of  the  same,  but  with  the  date  of  "December  1638" 
erroneously  given  to  it  by  Nicholas.     [1|  p.] 

Nov.  19.         17.  Draft  of  the  same.     [Sj)^'-] 

Nov.  19.  18.  Information  of  Eichard  Skilling  and  John  Peters,  of  Dunning- 
ton,  and  Thomas  Hawson,  of  Swineshead,  both  in  co.  Lincoln, 
together  with  two  other  labourers.  Being  all  of  us  lock  spitting  and 
lining  out  some  drains  in  the  Eight  Hundred  fen,  in  his  Majesty's 
proportion,  there  came  to  us  three  men  on  horseback,  viz.,  John 
Dutfyn  the  younger,  of  Swineshead,  yeoman,  Thomas  Gladwin,  and 
Thomas  Heynswoith,  of  Sutterton,  husbandmen,  who  uttered  these 
words,  viz.,  "Must  we  suffer  the  fens  to  be  taken  away  in  this 
order  ?  We  are  assured  the  King  knows  not  of  it,  and  we  must 
come  and  batter  you  all  out  of  the  fen."   One  of  us  answered  that  they 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  t.  109 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCII. 

three  could  not  do  it.  They  replied  if  one  town  could  not  do  it,  they 
would  bring  three  or  four  towns  more.  We  then  told  them  we  were 
poor  men,  and  laboured  hard  for  our  livings.  They  answered  that 
the  great  ones  who  set  us  on  work  hid  themselves  that  they  could 
not  see  them  in  the  fen,  and  therefore  they  would  be  sure  to  batter 
us.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  19.         Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  the  Keeper  and  Verderors  of  the  forest 
Whitehall,     of  Rockingham  co.  Northampton.     Eecites  certificate  of  Sir  Lewis 

"Watson  and  Charles  Cockayne  relating  to  felling  Hassell's  coppice. 

belonging  to  Sir  Christopher  Hatton,  calendared  under  date  of  the 

14th  November  inst.,   and  gives   license  in   accordance   therewith. 

\_Latin.     Copy.     See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv.  p.  35.     J  p."] 


Nov.  19.  Petition  of  John  EUiot  to  Henry  Earl  of  Holland,  Chief  Justice 
of  the  Forests.  Petitioner  has  been  convicted  for  carrying  stolen 
venison  to  London,  for  dressing  it  in  his  house,  and  for  receiving 
the  skins  of  four  does  brought  to  him  by  a  notorious  malefactor, 
contrary  to  the  laws  of  the  forest,  for  which  offences  he  stands  com- 
mitted to  prison  and  fiued.  He  is  very  sorrowful,  and  a  very  poor  man 
with  many  children,  as  is  well  known  to  the  inhabitants  of  Windsor, 
and  is  altogether  unable  to  pay  the  said  fine,  and  prays  the  Earl  to 
remit  his  fine  and  order  his  enlargement.  [Copy.  Ibid.  p.  28.  |-  p.] 
Underwritten, 

1.  Upon  certificate  of  petitioner's  poverty  I  am  content  to  reduce 
his  fine  to  40s.,  upon  payment  whereof  and  bond  given 
for  his  good  behaviour,  before  Sir  Arthur  Mainwaring, 
let  the  keeper  of  the  prison  set  him  at  liberty.  19th  No- 
vember \Q'6S.     [Copy.    See  Ibid,     i  p-l 

Nov.  19.  Petition  of  Herman  Rogers,  of  Farnborough,  Hants,  to  the  same. 
Petitioner  is  a  poor  man  in  lamentable  distress ;  has  a  wife  and 
seven  children ;  has  had  great  loss  by  fire ;  one  of  his  children  is  a 
cripple,  and  his  father,  who  is  blind,  wholly  lieth  upon  him.  Has 
been  twice  imprisoned  for  this  fault,  and  in  his  present  durance  is 
ready  to  starve,  as  are  his  children  at  home.  Is  30^.  in  debt  and 
has  no  means  but  his  labour.  Never  committed  any  offence  against 
his  Majesty's  game  but  only  one,  and  has  no  way  to  pay  his  fine  nor 
fees  of  imprisonment.  Prays  enlargement.  [_Copy.  See  Ibid., 
p.  29.     1  p.J     Underwritten, 

I.  Answer  of  Lord  Holland.    I  am,  content  to  reduce  his  fine 

to  51.,  which  being  paid  and  bond  given  for  his  good 
"  abearance  "  towards  the  forest,  the  keeper  of  the  prison 
is  to  set  him  at  liberty.  \9th  November  1639.  [Copy. 
Ibid.,  p.  30.     5  p.]     Written  in  the  margin, 

II.  Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  John  Keeling.    Let  this  petitioner  s 

fine  be  reduced  to  hi.  This  shall  be  your  warrant  for  so 
doing,  and  for  his  discharge.  2lst  November  1639. 
[Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  29.    k  P-l 


no 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 
Nov.  20. 


Nov.  20. 


Nov.  20. 

Fenton. 


Nov.  20. 

Office  of 

Ordnance. 


Nov.  20. 

Whitehall. 


Nov.  20. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 

19.  Petition  of  Elizabeth  Lady  Morley,  Hemy  Lord  Morley  and 
Monteagle,  and  Charles  Parker,  son  of  William,  late  Lord  Morley 
and  Monteagle,  and  of  the  said  Lady  Elizabeth,  [to  the  King]. 
Upon  your  Majesty's  former  directions  to  the  Judges  of  the  Common 
Pleas  {see  22nd  October  last),  they  have  certified  their  opinion, 
I  whereby  there  appears  no  just  cause  to  hinder  the  recovery  desired. 
Lord  Morley  has  no  other  end  in  this  suit  but  to  pay  his  debt  to  your 
Majesty  and  other  his  debts.  Pray  absolute  direction  to  Mr.  At- 
torney-General to  proceed  with  his  bill.  [Copy.  J  p  ] 
Underwritten, 

19.  I.  Direction  to  the  Attorney-General  as  prayed.     Whitehall, 

20th  November  1638.  [Underwritten  anre  notes  of  some 
amendments  to  be  made  in  the  petition  of  these  parties, 
calendared  28th  May  last.     ^  p.] 

20.  Further  informations  and  examinations,  some  taken  the  l7th 
inst.,  and  one  this  day,  respecting  the  price  of  sea-coals.  The  exami- 
nants  were  Thomas  Turner,  of  St.  Saviour's,  Southwark,  woodmonger  ; 
Elizabeth  Jackson,  of  St.  George's,  Southwark,  widow ;  Kobert  Jewell, 
one  of  the  churchwardens  of  St.  George's ;  and  Giles  Bagg,  of  Queen- 
hithe,  woodmonger.  The  examinations  were  taken  by  Sir  John 
Lenthall  and  Sir  Edward  Bromfield,  justices  of  peace  for  Surrey. 

21.  Sir  Francis  Thomhaugh,  late  Sheriff  of  co.  Nottingham,  to 
Nicholas.  I  have  paid  more  ship-money  than  I  have  received,  and 
for  the  remainder,  the  greatest  part  is  in  the  chief  constables'  hands. 
I  must  earnestly  entreat  you  to  be  a  petitioner  for  me  to  the 
Council,  to  give  me  time  for  payment  of  the  money  till  Candlemas 
term,  in  which  time  I  fear  not  to  be  provided.     [|  p.J 

22.  Officers  of  Ordnance  to  the  Commissioners  for  Saltpetre 
and  Gunpowder.  We  have  examined  our  accounts,  and  find  that 
Mr.  Cordewell,  his  Majesty's  gunpowder-maker,  has  brought  into  the 
magazine  of  London,  from  7th  November  1637  to  16th  November 
last,  200  lasts  of  gunpowder.  There  wants,  to  make  up  his  full 
proportion  for  the  second  year  of  his  contract,  40  lasts,  viz.,  20  lasts 
for  each  of  the  months  of  September  and  October  last.     [1  p.] 

23.  Order  of  the  Committee  of  the  Council  of  War.  There  are 
fees  paid  out  of  the  Exchequer  to  many  gunners,  who  do  no  service 
nor  are  of  ability  nor  in  readiness  to  attend.  It  was  ordered  that 
the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  should  take  order  that  no 
gunner  be  henceforth  paid  but  such  as  give  attendance  and  bring 
certificate  under  the  hand  of  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance.     [Draft. 

24.  Petition  of  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Arthur  Clark,  to  Archbishop 
Laud.  Arthur  Clark  is  behind  one  quarter's  alimony,  and  has  pe- 
titioned that  further  alimony  may  be  respited  until  Lady  Day  next. 
Petitioner  has  had  divers  hearings  before  Sir  John  Lambe  and 
Dr.  Wood,  and  Dr.  Wood  finding  that  petitioner  brought  to  the  said 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  Ill 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCn. 

Arthur  Clark  601.  per  annum  and  BOOL  in  money,  and  that  he  had 
spent  a  great  part  of  his  own  estate,  and  had  forced  petitioner  to  sell 
201.  per  annum  of  the  land  she  brought,  it  was  ordered  that  she 
should  be  allowed  251.  per  annum,  to  be  paid  quarterly,  and  for  the  said 
Clark's  non-payment  thereof  the  last  quarter  he  stands  committed. 
Petitioner  prays  that  he  may  pay  her  alimony  as  ordered.  He  has 
received  the  rents  for  that  quarter,  and  petitioner  is  in  great  want, 
and  being  an  aged  woman,  and  wanting  friends,  cannot  subsist 
without  it,  and  his  cruelty  is  such,  and  his  life  so  vicious,  as  pe- 
titioner dare  not  cohabit  with  him.     [|  p.']     Underwritten, 

24.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe  to  do  what  he  shall  find 
Atting  for  relief  of  petitioner.  Lambeth,  November  20th, 
1638.     lip.] 

Nov.  20.  25.  Bond  of  John  Southwood  and  William  Melyn,  both  of  London, 
and  also  of  WiUiam  Kogers,  all  merchants,  to  the  King  in  1,000^., 
conditioned  that  Southwood  should  not  send  beyond  seas,  to  be 
transported  from  hence,  any  man  that  is  not  really  his  factor  or 
servant  for  the  trade  of  merchandizing,  without  special  leave  of 
his  Majesty.     [1  p-l 

Nov.  20.  26.  Dr.  William  Lewis  to  Archbishop  Laud.  This  day,  after  corn- 
Winchester,  munication  of  your  letters  touching  the  sending  up  of  the  statutes, 
Mr.  Dean  desired  to  know  our  resolutions  about  his  choices,  and 
the  officers  of  their  copyholds  which  were  refused  them  last 
audit.  The  Dean's  claim  was  ultimately  refased,  and  he  expressed 
his  determination  to  bring  it  before  his  Majesty  ;  we  implore  your 
favour  that  his  Majesty  may  be  rightly  informed,  and  that  we  may 
be  heard  before  we  be  commanded.  Mr.  Lany  will  advertise 
Mr.  DeU  of  some  few  slips  in  the  statutes,  and  we  are  doubtful 
about  the  place  which  is  assigned  to  the  archdeacons.  The  doubt 
turns  on  which  stall  was  intended  by  the  "  remotest ;"  reckoning 
one  way  it  indicated  the  seats  appropriated  to  the  mayor  and  his 
brethren,  and  on  the  other  those  for  the  judges  when  they  come. 
Others  are  suggested,  but  Mr.  Dean  has  lately  brought  the  gentle- 
women unto  them,  an  arrangement  which  this  church  never  saw 
before,  aprons  instead  of  surplices.     [2  pp.] 

Nov.  20.  Petition  of  Eichard  Norfolk,  coppice-keeper  in  the  Forest  of 
Whittlewood,  to  Henry  Earl  of  Holland.  Petitioner  is  jointly 
presented,  with  the  woodwards  and  preservators,  and  with  John 
Horton  and  William  Burt,  coppice-keepers  in  the  said  forest,  for 
defections  in  the  hedges  of  the  wood  called  Chamber  Sale,  and  a  fine 
of  lOl.  is  imposed  upon  petitioner.  Pleads  in  excuse  that  the  coppice 
was  near  six  years'  growth  ere  petitioner  had  anything  to  do  therein, 
and  the  harms  thereto  were  done  before  petitioner  was  coppice- 
keeper,  and  that  Carter  had  taken  away  nuie  oaks,  whereof  he  is 
presented  by  petitioner,  Horton  being  the  coppice-keeper  and  peti- 


112 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1G38. 


Vol.  CCCCIT. 

tioner  but  his  servant.     Prays  remittal  of  the  fine.     [Copy.    See 
Vol.  ccdxxxiv.,  p.  30.     1  p.]     Underwritten, 
I.  Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  John  Keeling.     Let  petitioner's  fine 

be  reduced  to  41.,  and  upon  payment  let  him  be  discharged. 

20th  November  IGS8.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  SI.    i  p.] 

[Nov.  21  ?]  27.  Petition  of  Thomas  Flower  to  the  Council.  On  complaint  of 
William  Birkhead,  minister,  against  petitioner,  for  not  delivering 
six  trees  out  of  Askham  Wood,  co.  Nottingham,  to  repair  his  barn, 
you  sent  a  warrant  by  a  messenger  above  100  miles  for  petitioner's 
appearance,  which  was  performed  on  New  Year's  Day  to  his  ex- 
ceeding charge  before  and  since.  As  also  heretofore  you  commanded 
petitioner's  appearance  in  March  1628,  when  he  attended  above  a 
month  without  being  called,  or  to  this  day  ever  knowing  the  offence 
or  his  accuser,  in  which  time  of  petitioner's  absence  Birkhead  re- 
ported him  a  traitor,  and  was  a  close  actor  in  this  abuse,  for  by  that 
means  he  felled  trees  and  carried  away  six  load  of  them,  which 
since  he  has  sold,  broken  hedges,  and  turned  out  cattle  on  peti- 
tioner's ground.  Upon  which,  as  also  his  falsifying  his  first  warrant 
from  the  archbishop,  and  the  second  warrant  from  the  commissioners 
being  delivered  by  a  mean  man  of  no  credit,  petitioner  for  the  present 
refused  the  delivery  of  the  remainder  of  the  wood  until  better  in- 
formation.    Prays  to  be  admitted  to  further  proof,     [f-  p.] 


Nov.  21. 

Inner  Star 
Chamber. 


28.  The  Council  to  all  Mayors,  Customers,  Searchers,  and  others. 
Licence  for  St.  John  Thompson,  of  Crawley,  co.  Bedford,  gentleman, 
to  go  beyond  seas  and  remain  there  for  three  years,  for  bettering 
his  knowledge  in  the  languages,  fee,  provided  he  repair  not  to  Rome 
without  special  licence.  You  are  to  permit  him  to  embark  with 
his  two  servants.     [Seal  of  the  Council  attached,     1  p.J 

Nov.  21.         Nicholas  to  the  Sheriff  of  Cumberland.     By  slip  of  the  writer 

Westminster,  there  are  some  mistakes  in  the  writs  for  Cumberland  and  the  city 

of  Carlisle,  and  in  the  letters  of  instructions  from  the  Council  Board 

relative  to  ship-money.     Prays  him  to  return  the  same.      \_Copy. 

Nicholases  Letter  Booh,  Lorn.  James  I.,  Vol.  ccxix.,  p.  173.] 


Nov.  21. 

Queen  Street. 


29.  Thomas 
not  signing  a 
sends  back  again 


Smith  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  Prays  pardon  for 
letter  which  had  been  returned  and  which  he  now 
Will  be  careful  to  follow  the  directions  in  one  of 
Pennington's  of  the  16th  inst.,  especially  as  to  Mainwaring  and 
Price.  This  week  he  expects  the  remainder  of  the  convoy  money, 
as  Mr.  Turner  has  promised,  and  then  the  Lord  Admiral  will  pro- 
ceed to  the  dividend,  which  being  done  Pennington  shall  have  an 
account  thereof.  There  is  a  rumour  in  court  that  one  of  his  Majesty's 
ships  shall  go  very  shortly  to  Spain  to  carry  over  a  present  from  the 
Queen  for  the  Queen  of  Spain.  I  made  Mr.  Taylor  acquainted  with 
your  receipt  of  his  letter,  and  of  your  intention  to  send  your  man 
hither ;  nevertheless,  another  letter  of  his,  out  of  fear  the  other  might 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  113 


Ig38  Vol.  CCCCII, 

be  miscarried,  is  enclosed.  Lord  Wimbledon  died  on  Thursday  last. 
I  do  not  hear  that  his  command  at  Portsmouth  is  yet  disposed  of. 
The  Spanish  Ambassador  was  robbed  last  night  of  all  his  church  plate. 
The  thieves  are  not  heard  of.  We  speak  much  of  preparation  for  war, 
raising  regiments,  fortifying  towns  toward  the  north,  &c.  P.S. — 
My  Lord's  [the  Earl  of  Northumberland's]  pains  ebb  and  flow  some- 
times very  ill,  this  running  gout  does  so  afflict  him ;  but  now  he  is 
upon  his  legs,  and  we  have  good  hopes  of  his  speedy  amendment. 

Nov.  22.  Grant  to  Gabriel  Bridges,  vicar  of  Thorpe  Mandeville,  co.  North- 
ampton, of  the  rectory  of  the  same  church,  to  hold  to  him  and  his 
successors  in  free  alms.  The  rectory  and  vicarage  are  united,  and 
his  Majesty's  tenths  and  first  fruits  are  reserved.     [BocqiMf] 

Nov.  22.  SO,  Petition  of  Elizabeth  Glover,  wife  of  Matthew  Glover,  to 
Archbishop  Laud.  Petitioner  has  been  married  these  18  years,  and 
has  had  10  children,  whereof  there  is  but  one  living.  Her 
husband  being  a  man  of  a  most  deboist,  dissolute,  and  wicked  life, 
has  ofiFered  petitioner  most  cruel  outrages,  in  nailing  her  foot  to  the 
ground,  and  at  the  same  time  breaking  a  staff  upon  her,  bruising  her 
head,  insomuch  that  a  piece  of  her  skull  has  been  taken  out,  cutting 
her  face,  bruising  her  ribs,  insomuch  that  she  has  been  enforced  to 
go  on  crutches,  besides  other  unsupportable  wrongs,  which  she  is 
able  to  prove.  And  not  only  so,  but  to  colour  his  wicked  practices 
gives  out  most  scandalous  reports  to  take  away  petitioner's  credit. 
He  is  a  great  blasphemer,  and  has  attempted  to  take  his  own  life  as 
well  as  petitioner's.  Upon  many  oaths  made  by  him  for  his  better 
demeanour,  petitioner  has  forborne  to  call  him  before  your  Grace, 
yet  so  strong  has  the  devil  been  with  him  that  the  same  day  he 
breaks  out  into  his  former  violent  courses.  Prays  that  he  may  be 
called  before  the  archbishop  and  order  taken  for  their  separation. 
[|.  p.l     Underwritten, 

30. 1.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  end  this  business  by  himself 
or  by  the  High  Commission.  Lambeth,  22nd  November 
1638.     [^  p-l    Endorsed  by  Sir  John  Lambe. 

30.  n.  Attachment  granted,  2^th  November  1638.     [3  Zmes.] 

Nov.  22.  31.  Petition  of  Churchwardens  and  Parishioners  of  Buckland 
Dinham,  Somerset,  to  the  same.  At  your  metropoKtical  visitation 
the  cage  and  bells  of  the  said  parish  were  found  deficient,  and  it 
was  ordered  that  they  should  be  amended  by  a  certain  time.  The 
churchwardens,  with  the  consent  of  the  most  of  the  parishioners,  ac- 
cordingly made  a  rate  and  gathered  the  same  from  all  the  parishioners, 
save  only  from  Kichard  Hawkins  and  Richard  Weaver,  who  refused 
to  pay.  Whereupon  the  churchwardens  proceeded  against  them  to 
excommunication  in  the  courts  at  Wells,  and  thereupon  the  delin- 
quents have  removed  the  suit  to  the  Court  of  Arches,  intending  to 
weary  petitioners  with  a  chargeable  suit.  Pray  some  speedy  course 
to  be  taken  with  the  delinquents  for  payment  of  their  rates  with 

13.  H 


114  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

1638. 


Vol.  CCCCn. 


the  charges.      \_Signed  hy  "  Joshua  Roche,  vicar,"  and  19  others. 
1  p.]     Written  in  the  margin, 

31.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  Nathaniel  Brent  and  Dr.  Duck  if  they 
find  the  suggestions  true  to  dissolve  the  inhibition  in  the 
Arches  in  the  archbishop's  namie;  who  prays  Dr.  Duck  to 
do  them  justice.  Lambeth,  November  22nd,  1638.  Annexed, 

81.  II.  Sir  Nathaniel  Brent  and  Dr.  Dv^k  to  Archbishop  Laud. 
Think  fit,  as  all  the' parishioners  consented  to  the  rate  and 
the  parish  and  churchwardens  are  poor,  that  the  in- 
hibition be  revoked  and  the  parties  cited  to  appear  before 
the  bishop  of  the  diocese  in  the  Consistory  Court.  2iith 
November  1638.     [9  lines^ 

31.  III.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  take  order  that  the  in- 
hibition be  revoked  accordingly.  28th  November  1638. 
[2  lities.'] 

Nov.  22.  32.  Justices  of  Assize  for  co.  York,  but  signed  only  by  Sir  Kobert 
Berkeley,  to  Sec.  Windebank,  being  a  report  by  the  judges  upon  a  pe- 
tition of  William  Stevenson  referred  to  them.  Certify  the  proceedings 
taken  at  the  York  Lent  and  Summer  Assizes  respecting  the  tender  of 
the  oath  of  allegiance  to  William  Stevenson,  and  his  refusal  to  take 
the  same,  as  already  stated  in  papers  calendared  under  dates  of  31st 
January,  No.  52  ;  16th  March,  No.  81  ;  and  80th  March,  No.  70  (all 
in  this  year  1638).  Within  a  few  days  aftei'  the  past  assizes  for 
York,  Stevenson  came  with  a  keeper  to  Durham  and  desired  to  take 
the  oath,  and  during  the  assizes  at  Durham  he  took  the  oath  in  the 
bishop's  palace  there,  before  the  bishop  and  the  judges,  upon  his 
knees,  which  we  were  glad  to  see,  but  could  not  give  order  for  his 
enlargement,  as  the  oath  was  not  taken  at  the  Yprk  assizes  as  it 
ought  to  have  been  by  law.  We  think  at  the  next  assizes  for  York 
Stevenson  should  publicly  and  in  open  court  take  the  oath,  and 
should  not  be  enlarged  without  good  security  for  performance  of 
the  same.     ^See  23rd  inst..  No.  38.     1 1  jo.] 

Nov.  22,  38.  Extract  from  the  Book  of  the  Acts  of  the  High  Commission 
of  the  sentence  given  in  a  cause  against  William  Richardson,  clerk, 
vicar  of  Garthorpe,  co.  Leicester.  In  a  second  cause  against  the  said 
Richardson,  it  was  held  that  nothing  was  proved  against  him, 
wherefore  the  cause  was  dismissed,  and  the  prosecutor  ordered  to 
pay  costs  of  suit.  As  to  the  first  cause,  it  was  charged  that  the 
defendant  had  frequented  alehouses,  and  that  on  Lady  Day  1635  he 
was  in  an  alehouse  when  he  should  have  gone  to  say  evening  prayer, 
and  that  there  was  no  prayer  read  in  the  afternoon  of  that  day ; 
and  also  that  he  had  not  resided  on  his  vicarage,  but  on  a  farm  of 
his  own  at  Saxby,  the  vicarage  house,  although  standing  in  a  waterish 
place,  not  being  so  unhealthful  but  that  it  might  be  inhabited,  and 
being  the  house  in  whicli  Mr.  Richardson's  predecessor  dwelt  for 
many  years,  and  died  there  an  aged  man.  It  was  also  charged  that 
he  had  attempted  the  chastity  of  several  women  his  parishioners, 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  115 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCH. 

but  the  court  held  that  to  that  article  he  had  a  good  defence,  having 
disabled  the  credit  of  the  -women  that  deposed  against  him.  He 
was  ordered  to  reside  in  his  parish,  and  the  court  held  that  his 
practice  of  surgery  and  repairing  to  his  patients  in  public  and  scan- 
dalous places  was  no  way  justifiable,  and  that  he  should  have  a 
judicial  admonition  not  to  frequent  alehouses  on  any  pretext  what- 
soever.    They  also  condemned  him  in  costs.     [5  pp,^ 

Nov.  22.  34.  Extract  from  the  Book  of  the  Acts  of  the  High  Commission 
of  the  sentence  given  in  a  cause  against  Robert  Roche,  of  Tortworth, 
CO.  Gloucester.  He  was  charged  with  sundry  crimes  of  mean 
cognizance,  but  nothing  insisted  on  except  a  charge  of  adultery 
with  Sara  George,  wife  of  George  George,  in  regard  to  which  the 
court  declared  that  he  had  sufficiently  acquitted  himself  for  any 
matter  of  fact,  but  there  being  a  fame  of  his  suspicious  conversatioii 
with  the  said  Sara,  the  court  ordered  John  Francombe,  the  pro- 
moter, and  the  defendant  to  attend  Dr.  Baber,  their  ordinary,  with 
their  proofs,  and  that  he  should  determine  whether  Roche  should 
be  enjoined  his  purgation  or  not,  and  that  the  costs  should  abide 
the  event  whether  Roche  should  purge  or  not  purge.     [2|  pp.J 

Nov.  23.  Archbishop  Laud  and  Henry  Earl  of  Manchester,  Lord  Privy  Seal, 
to  the  King.  Report  upon  an  order  of  reference  of  a  petition  of 
Philip  Knivett,  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Philip  Knivett.  About  sixteen 
years  ago  lands  were  granted  by  Sir  Philip  to  his  lady,  of  the  value 
of  600?.  per  annum,  for  the  maintenance  of  herself  and  his  children, 
which  she  has  enjoyed  ever  since.  She  allowed  petitioner  QOl.  per 
annum  until  two  years  ago,  when  he  married  against  his  friends'  liking. 
He  has  obtained  his  father's  pardon  for  that  offence,  but  Lady 
Knivett  is  very  wilfully  bent  against  her  son,  and  will  not  allow  him 
more  than  40Z.  per  annum,  notwithstanding  he  has  now  a  wife 
and  child  to  keep.  We  hold  it  fit  that  the  petitioner,  tendering  to  his 
mother  a'dutiful  acknowledgment  of  his  sorrow  for  the  offence  he 
has  given  her,  she  should  allow  him  601.  per  annum,  and  the  arrears 
at  the  rate  of  40Z.  per  annum ;  and  that  she  should  deliver  to  Edward 
Herbert,  her  counsel,  all  deeds  in  her  hands  which  concern  lands  of 
Sir  Philip,  or  of  the  petitioner,  that  they  may  be  perused,  and  such 
as  do  not  concern  the  provision  for  her  and  the  children  be  put  into 
the  Rolls  for  preservation.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccciii,  p.  9.  1 J  p.] 
Underwritten, 
I.  Minute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  in  accordance  with  the  above 

report.     Whitehall,  12th  December,  1638.     [Copy.     Ibid., 

p.  10.    ^p.J 

Nov.  23.  35.  Order  of  Council.  The  certificate  made  by  Attorney-General 
Inner  Star  Bankes  to  his  Majesty  concerning  the  creditors  of  Sir  Allen  Apsley, 
Chamber,  j^^^  victualler  of  the  navy,  was  read  at  the  Board.  It  dealt  with 
the  rights  of  the  patentees  of  the  forest  of  Galtres,  the  manors  of 
Newington  Barrow,  Otford,  Petham,  Charing,  Redriffe,  Waddington, 
Dentj  Howcourt,  and  the  borough  of  Banbury,  some  of  which  had 
been  sold,  and  the  rest  remained  in  the  hands  of  Stephen  Alcock, 

H  2 


llfj  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


1638.  yo..ccccir. 

Christopher  Vernon,  and  others.  In  all  these  manors  and  other 
lands  the  fcreditors  of  Sir  Allen  Apsley  claimed  an  interest.  The 
Attorney-General,  whose  report  was  dated  the  2oth  June  1638, 
stated  the  rights  of  the  parties,  and  recommended  that  certain 
accounts  should  be  rendered.  The  Attorney-General  also  stated 
that  John  Apsley  was  Sir  Allen's  executor,  and  had  exhibited 
an  inventory  amounting  to  250?.,  and  that  Lady  Apsley,  who 
married  Sir  Leventhorpe  Francke,  has  the  residue  of  the  personal 
estate,  and  is  to  be  answerable  for  it.  The  Lords  confirmed  the 
Attorney-General's  certificate,  and  ordered  that  the  same  should  be 
put  in  execution,  and  required  all  persons  to  conform  themselves 
thereto.     [Copy.     1  f.\ 

Nov.  23.  36.  Petition  of  John  Ayres,  a  very  poor  man,  to  Archbishop  Laud. 
Some  falling  out  was  betwixt  petitioner  and  Hannah  Mobbs,  wife  of 
Daniel  Mobbs,  a  dyer,  and  she  called  petitioner  rogue,  and  he  said 
he  was  no  more  a  ro^ue  than  she  was  a  whore.  Some  of  her  friends 
say  that  petitioner  called  her  whore,  so  she  sues  petitioner  in  your 
court.  Petitioner  proffered  reasonable  composition,  but  they  will 
make  none  under  20Z.  Prays  order  for  staying  proceedings.  [|-  2^.] 
Underwritten, 

36.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  afford  petitioner  such 
further  favour  for  his  freedom  out  of  trouble  as  the  merits 
of  his  cause  deserve.     November  23rd,  1638.     [J  p.J 

Nov.  23.  37.  Narrative  of  a  cure  stated  to  have  been  worked  upon  John 
Trelille,  of  Madron,  Cornwall,  a  poor  cripple,  who  was  restored  to 
the  use  of  a  bowed  leg  by  bathing  in  a  stream  which  runs  through 
an  old  ruined  chapel  there.  The  facts  are  given  as  authenticated  by 
John  Trelille  and  John  Keate,  vicar  of  Madron,  and  underwritten 
are  remarks  on  the  nature  of  the  cure,  signed  by  Bishop  Hall,  of 
Exeter.     [2|  pp.^ 

Nov.  23.  38.  Sir  George  Vernon,  Justice  of  Common  Pleas,  to  Sec.  Winde- 
bank.  Certifies  that  William  Stevenson,  of  Thornton  Woods,  co. 
York,  at  the  last  assizes  at  Durham,  being  the  8th  August  last, 
took  the  oath  of  allegiance  in  the  presence  of  the  Bishop  of  Durham 
and  the  judges  of  assize,     [f  p.] 

Nov.  23.  39.  Undertaking  of  James  Cromwell,  of  Upwood,  co.  Huntingdon, 
Paris.  esquire,  to  pay  to  William  Birron,  of  London,  merchant,  two  bills  of 
501.,  in  case  the  father  and  friends  of  Cromwell  do  not  pay  the  same  ; 
and  also  to  secure  to  the  said  William  Birron  the  payment  of  sums 
Cromwell  may  in  future  draw  upon  him  for  to  supply  his  wants  in 
victuals,  apparel,  and  exercises.     [^Seal  with  arms.     1  p.l 

Nov.  23.  40.  Memorandum  of  William  Cobham.  Four  barrels  of  gun- 
powder are  attached  in  the  hands  of  Francis  Brown  by  John 
Maperley  for  the  use  of  his  Majesty.  The  said  powder  was  provi- 
sion for  the  Jellie  [Gilly  ?]  Flower,  which  was  sunk  in  Barbadoes,  and 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  117 


1638  Vol.  CCCCII. 

afterwards  recovered  and  brought  to  London,  I  being  part  owner  of 
the  same  ship.     [^  p.] 

Nov.  23.  41.  Certificate  of  John  Maperley  that  he  made  stay  of  three 
barrels  of  gunpowder  out  of  a  bark  at  Costommas  Key  [Custom 
House  Quay]  that  came  from  Portsmouth,  and  delivered  them  into 
the  Tower  unto  Mr.  Bevis.  [Endorsed  by  Nicholas,  "  I  am  to  speak 
with  Bevis  to  the  end  Maperley  may  be  rewarded ;"  with  other 
notes  of  Nicholas  relating  to  this  matter,  dated  5th  December  1638. 

Nov.  24.  42.  Petition  of  Edward  Watkins  to  the  King.  Your  Majesty 
by  letters  patent  granted  petitioner  the  office  of  chief  searcher  in 
the  port  of  London,  and  in  all  members  thereof,  with  the  moiety  of 
all  seizures.  The  office  is  a  place  of  great  trust,  not  only  for  the 
public  good  of  the  commonwealth,  but  for  your  Majesty's  private 
service  and  profit.  John  Robinson,  Richard  Ward,  and  Christopher 
Dighton,  in  prejudice  of  petitioner's  grant,  obtained  letters  patent  of 
the  place  of  searcher  of  Gravesend,  which  is  a  member  of  the  port  of 
London,  by  colour  of  which  they  take  upon  them  to  have  the  sole 
searching  of  ships  laden  at  London  which  pass  by  Gravesend,  with 
all  seizures  made  therein  ;  by  whose  negligence  gold  and  other  pro- 
hibited commodities  are  continually  exported,  and  your  Majesty's 
and  petitioner's  profit  much  hindered.  Pray  order  to  the  Attorney- 
General  to  take  a  legal  course  for  trying  the  validity  of  the  said 
letters  patent.     [Copy.     |  p."]     Underwritten, 

42.  I.  Reference  to  the  Attorney-Genercd  as  desired.     Whitehall, 
ZUh  November  1638.     \_Copy.     i  pJ] 

Nov.  24.         Petition  of  James  Earl  of  Carlisle  to  the  King.     Your  Majesty 
having  refused  [referred]  the  consideration  of  a  petition  stated  to  be 
annexed  to  the  Commissioners  for  Foreign  Plantations  (see  5th  inst), 
and  directed  a  stay  of  trial  at  law  between  Mr.  Blount-  and  Mr.  Con- 
nisby  therein  mentioned,  on  13th  November  last  Mr.  Blount,  pre- 
tending you  were  misinformed  by  petitioner,  obtained  a  repeal  of 
that,  as  he  did  upon  the  like  false  suggestion  of  a  former  reference 
to  the  said  commissioners,  and  pressed  for  a  trial  at  law  upon  Mon- 
day next.     Petitioner  is  ready  to  justify  all  the  allegations  in  his 
said  petition,  and  the  proceedings  at  common  law  in  suits  of  that 
nature  are  of  so  ill  consequence  and  great  disturbance  to  the  settled 
government  of  all  foreign  plantations,  that  petitioner  craves  leave  to 
represent  the  same  again  to  your  Majesty,  that  the  commissioners 
may  have  the  hearing  of  the  same  before  the  trial  at  law  proceeds. 
\Copy.    See  Vol.  cccxxiii.,  p.  336.    f  p^     Underwritten, 
I.  Reference  to  Sees.  Coke  and  Windebank  to  call  before  them  both 
parties  and  exa^mine  their  dij^erences,  and  in  the  m,ean- 
time  that  all  proceedings  at  the  common  law  shall  cease. 
Whitehall,  2ith  November  1638.     [Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  337. 


118 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 
Nov.  24 

WhitehaU. 


Nov.  24. 


Nov.  24. 


Nov.  24. 

Lichfield. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 

Commissioners  of  Saltpetre  and  Gunpowder  to  the  Officers  of  the 
Ordnance.  It  appears  by  certificate  of  Kichard  Poole,  dated  1st  No- 
vember, that  there  has  been  delivered  to  Mr.  Cordewell,  for  the  second 
year  of  his  contract,  only  212  lasts  3  cwt.  16  lbs.  of  saltpetre,  and 
by  your  certificate,  dated  20th  November  last,  that  there  had  been 
delivered  to  his  Majesty's  stores  by  Cordewell,  for  the  second  year  of 
his  contract,  200  lasts  of  gunpowder,  which  is  as  much  gunpowder 
as  there  has  been  saltpetre  delivered  to  him,  save  only  12  lasts 
3  cwt.  16  lbs.;  so  that  the  gunpowder-maker's  failing  to  bring  in 
his  proportion  of  240  lasts  in  the  second  year  has  been  in  regard 
there  was  not  delivered  to  him  a  sufficient  quantity  of  saltpetre. 
We  have  thought  fit  that  the  next  20  lasts  of  gunpowder  that  he 
shall  bring  in  be  by  you  received  for  his  proportion  for  this  present 
month  of  November,  the  first  month  of  the  third  year  of  his  con- 
tract, and  that  upon  your  receipt  you  give  him  certificate  accordingly. 
[Copy.     See  Vol.  ccxcii.,  p.  84.     1  ^.] 

Certificate  of  Commissioners  for  Saltpetre  and  Gunpowder.  Recites 
certificate  of  Richard  Poole,  dated  1st  inst.,  and  calendared  in 
the  preceding  article  (see  Vol.  cccci,  No.  3) ;  and  the  certificate  of  the 
Officers  of  the  Ordnance  of  the  20th  inst,,  also  calendared  in  the 
same  article.  We  rest  satisfied  with  Cordewell's  second  year's 
service,  as  absolutely  as  if  he  had  delivered  in  his  whole  propor- 
tion of  240  lasts,  in  respect  there  was  not  delivered  to  him  in 
that  year  sufficient  saltpetre  to  make  his  full  proportion,  the 
12  lasts  3  cwt.  16  lbs.  of  saltpetre  which  is  over  and  above  being 
charged  upon  his  next  years's  account.  \Gopy.  See  Vol.  ccxdi., 
p.  86.     1  j^J.] 

Indenture  between  John  Wolley,  of  Sunninghill,  Berks,  and 
Dame  Helen  Wolsley,  his  wife,  late  wife  of  Sir  Thomas  Wolsley, 
deceased,  of  the  one  part,  and  William  Trumbull,  of  Easthampstead, 
Berks,  and  George  Greislie,  of  Stretton,  c6.  Chester,  on  the  other 
part.  Declaration  that  a  fine  to  be  levied  of  the  manor  and  lands  of 
Ravenston  alias  Raunston  in  cos.  Derby  and  Leicester  shall  enure 
to  the  use  of  the  said  Dame  Helen  Wolsley  for  life,  and  after  her 
decease  to  the  use  of  the  said  John  Wolley  for  life,  upon  various 
trusts  for  the  benefit  of  Walter,  Robert,  and  Devereux  Wolsley,  sons, 
and  Ann  and  Winifred,  daughters  of  Dame  Helen  and  Sir  Thomas. 
{Unsigned.  See  Case  E.,  Dom.  Gar.  J.,  No.  8.  Skin  of  parch- 
'ment] 

43.  Bishop  Wright,  of  Lichfield  and  Coventry,  to  Sir  John  Lambe. 
My  chancellor  has  acquainted  me  with  the  Archbishop's  commands 
and  your  letters  concerning  St.  Paul's,  and  his  Grace  has  written  to 
me  to  the  same  effect,  and  we  both  are  ready  to  further  that  pious 
work  as  the  commutations  of  this  diocese  may  weU  afford.  But  I 
pray  let  his  Grace  know  that  it  is  not  with  my  diocese  as  it  is  with 
others.    The  peculiars  of  the  Dean  and  Chapter,  prebends,  and  divers 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  IIQ 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


laics  take  up  about  a  third  part  of  my  diocese,  and  yet  I  can  never 
liear  that  there  is  any  such  demands  from  any  other  diocese  as 
from  us.  Our  commutations  amount  not  to  such  sums  as  are  sup- 
posed, as  may  "well  appear  by  the  accounts,  the  greatest  whereof 
was  but  101?.  10s.,  and  that  was  from  the  12th  January  1635-6  to 
the  27th  March  1637,  and  of  that  sum  his  Grace  commanded  lOOl. 
for  the  church  at  Tutbury,  so  there  remained  but  11.  10s.  for  the 
diocese,  which  has  opened  the  mouths  of  divers  in  my  diocese,  who 
report  that  we  put  the  commutations  in  our  own  purses,  because 
they  neither  hear  nor  see  any  fruit  thereof  in  my  diocese,  a  tax 
most  unjustly  imposed  upon  us,  in  regard  whereof  and  for  pre- 
vention of  the  like  ad  faciendum  populum,!  required  my  chancellor 
when  he  was  to  come  to  this  last  account,  which  came  short  of  the 
former,  to  bestow  part  upon  the  most  emiaent  places  that  needed 
repairs,  which  he  has  most  carefully  performed  upon  the  aqueducts 
of  the  church  of  Lichfield  and  the  pitching  the  unpassable  passages 
of  the  close,  the  decayed  church  of  Newport  and  some  others,  and 
the  remainder  I  have  distributed  in  other  places  to  the  benefit  of 
posterity,  which  I  trust  has  given  that  satisfaction  that  we  may 
without  clamour  perform  his  Grace's  commands  about  Lady  Day 
next.  For  Mr.  Archer,  I  am  glad  you  have  settled  his  business, 
and  that  with  consent,  whereunto  I  prepared  Mr.  Stanford  against 
his  coming  up.  I  have  and  will  be  comfortable  to  that  good  Lady 
as  you  require,  and  as  for  yoiirself  I  trust  you  remember  the  epistle 
of  Sulpitius  to  TuUy  concerning  the  death  of  his  daughter  Tullia. 
Baron  Weston  has  done  me  exceeding  wrong  in  not  returning  my 
commission,  which  he  promised  to  do  by  the  8th  October  last,  and 
all  my  successors  shall  have  much  more  if  the  palace  may  not  be 
made  several,  but  lies  still  in  common  with  maltsters  and  others. 
I  have  been  at  great  charges  to  make  a  ruinous  palace  fit  to  give 
content  to  my  successors,  but  content  none  can  have  if  it  continue 
as  now  it  is,  and  therefore,  unless  I  have  it  so  enclosed  that  I  may 
keep  my  people  in  at  night,  and  keep  thieves  out,  I  will  stay  my 
hand  from  further  expenses,  and  return  to  moist  Eccleshall,  sepul- 
chrum  episeoporum,  to  end  my  days.  I  pray  take  notice  that  the 
Bishop  of  Lichfield,  who  formerly  had  many  houses,  should  only 
now  have  but  one  to  dwell  in,  whatsoever  happeneth,  and  that  none 
of  the  wholesomest,  where  the  prebend  has  more  authority  than  the 
Bishop.  Your  power  is  great  with  his  Grace,  and  you  have  pro- 
mised to  extend  it  for  me  ;  perform  it  I  beseech  you.  \_Seal  with 
arms.     3  pp."] 

Nov.  24.  44.  Petition  of  Nicholas  Gibbon,  rector  of  Sevenoaks,  on  behalf  of 
the  poor  there,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Two  hundred  years  sincfe, 
"William  Sevenoak  founded  a  free  school  and  hospital  in  Sevenoaks, 
Kent,  and  endowed  the  same  with  land  of  great  value,  since  which 
time  four  assistants  and  two  wardens  have  been  [instituted]  by  Act 
of  Pai-liament  and  letters  patent.  A  lease  of  part  of  the  lands 
belonging  to  the  corporation  of  40  years  expired  at  Michaelmas  last. 
The  corporation  has  been  offered  for  a  new  lease  to  be  made  of  those 


120 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Nov.  24. 
Nov.  24. 


Nov.  24. 

WhitehaU. 


Nov.  24. 


Nov.  24. 


Nov.  25. 

WhitehaU. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 

lauds  1501.  per  annum  rent,  and  100?.  fine,  whicli  lands,  as  has  been 
averred,  are  worth  2001.  per  annum.  Tbey  notwithstanding  resolve 
to  lease  out  the  premises  for  but  120Z.  per  annum,  and  501.  fine,  for 
some  long  term,  conceiving  themselves  thereunto  enforced  by  some 
niceties  in  the  common  law  and  pretended  titles  tendered  unto  the 
Lord  Keeper.  The  rector  and  the  vicar  of  Sevenoaks  are  super- 
visors of  the  will  of  William  Sevenoak,  and  each  receives  Ss.  4d. 
yearly  therefor,  which  supervisorship  is  confirmed  by  constitutions 
drawn  up  by  the  then  body,  and  ratified  by  the  then  Archbishop  of 
Canterbmy.  In  regard  your  Grace  has  in  many  things  a  special 
visitation  there,  petitioners  pray  that  you  would  signify  your 
pleasure  to  the  assistants  and  wardens,  that  they  refrain  from 
sealing  any  lease  of  the  said  lands  until  those  points  in  law  .shall  be 
resolved  and  they  be  in  quiet  possession,  that  so  the  best  offer  may 
then  be  accepted.     [|  p.]     Underwritten, 

44.  I.  Let  this  petition  be  showed  to  the  assistants  and  wardens 

above  said,  and  T  require,  them  within  six  days'  sight 
hereof  to  attend  me  at  my  manor  house  at  Lambeth  to 
make  answer  to  it,  and  in  the  ineantime  to  forbear  the 
granting  any  lease  of  the  lands  herein  mentioned.  "  W. 
Cant."    November  2ith,  1638.     [1  p.] 

45.  List  of  the  Lord  Lieutenants  of  England  arranged  by  the  names 
of  their  respective  counties.     [1  p.l 

46.  Another  list  of  Lord  Lieutenants,  arranged  under  the  names  or 
titles  of  those  officers.     [2J  pp."] 

Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  the  officers  of  the  forest  of  Rockingham. 
Suit  has  been  made  unto  me  by  Thomas  Dove,  of  Upton,  co.  North- 
ampton, one  of  the  verderors  of  the  said  forest,  for  leave  to  hawk 
within  the  same.  Forasmuch  as  I  presume  lie  is  a  preserver  of  the 
game  there  and  will  use  this  liberty  for  his  recreation  only,  and  not 
to  the  destruction  of  the  game,  you  are  to  suffer  the  said  Dove,  at 
seasonable  times  and  in  convenient  places,  to  fly  his  hawks  at  all 
sorts  of  game  for  his  own  recreation,  provided  he  abuse  not  this 
licence,  but  comport  himself  with  the  moderation  that  is  fitting. 
[Copy.    See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  37.     1^  p.] 

47.  Account  by  Sir  William  Eussell  of  ship-money  for  1637. 
Total    received,    J56,003L   18s.    9d;   remaining,   40,410/.   8s.    lid 

1=2  pp.-] 

48.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637,  levied  and  in  the  sheriffs' 
hands.  Total  4,350Z.,  which  with  156,00,'U.  paid  to  Su-  William 
Russell  makes  the  total  levied  160,353Z.     [1  p.J 

Minute  of  resolution  of  the  Council  of  War.  They  desire  the 
Earls  of  Essex  and  Newport  with  Sir  Jacob  Astley  to  consider  of  a 
state  of  war  now  delivered  to  the  Earl  of  Essex  to  perfect  and  settle 
the  same,  as  well  for  what  concerns  the  foot  and  horse  as  the  train 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  121 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


of  artillery,  and  of  anything  else  concerning  that  service,  and  to 
represent  the  same  to  the  conaniittee.     [See   Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  30. 

Nov.  25.  49.  Sec.  Coke  to  Nicholas.  Upon  reference  from  the  Lord 
London.  Treasurer  I  am  considering  the  saltpetremen's  business.  I  must 
desire  you  to  send  me  the  report  made  by  Sir  Kenelm  Digby,  Sir 
John  Wolstenholme,  and  Sir  William  Russell.  This  bearer  will 
bring  it  presently.  [Undorsed  by  Nicholas,  "  This  2.5th  Novem- 
ber I  delivered  the  said  certificate  to  Mr.  Sec.  Coke  at  his  house  at 
Garlickhithe,  in  the  presence  of  John  Evelyn  and  Mr.  Poole."  [Seal 
with  crest.     |  p.] 

Nov.  25.  50.  Petition  of  Francis  Albert,  living  in  Gun  Alley,  Wapping,  to 
the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty  [sic].  In  the  late  Duke  of  Buckingham's 
service  lost  both  his  arms  in  the  Isle  of  Eh^,  whereby  he  has  utterly 
been  disabled.  Having  a  wife  and  children,  he  is  no  way  able  to 
subsist,  unless  under  your  protection  he  may  draw  a  little  ale  which 
is  from  time  to  time  brought  in  by  his  wife  on  her  shoulders,  yet 
cannot  be  allowed  because  he  is  not  licensed.  Prays  that  under 
their  protection  he  may  do  as  desired.     [1  p.'] 

Nov.  25.  51.  Petition  of  Matthew  Stevenson  and  Roger  Reynolds,  chief 
constables  of  the  hundred  of  Blofield,  Norfolk,  to  the  Council.  By 
warrant  from  Sir  Francis  Asteley,  late  sheriff,  deceased,  since  con- 
firmed by  John  Buxton,  now  or  late  sheriff",  petitioners  were  ap- 
pointed collectors  of  1881.  2s.  lid.  for  ship-money,  wherein  they  took 
great  pains  and  spent  201.  out  of  their  own  estate.  Many  persons 
being  assessed  (by  reason  the  hundred  was  much  overcharged)  who 
were  uuable  to  pay,  petitioners  could  not  get  it  of  them.  Where- 
upon they  entreated  the  sheriff  to  accept  what  money  they  had  and 
take  a  return  of  the  rest,  which  he  refused,  but  granted  a  warrant 
to  bring  all  persons  before  him  that  had  not  paid.  Thereupon  peti- 
tioners brought  200  and  upwards.  He  did  not  say  anything  to 
them,  and  then  petitioners  were  in  a  worse  case  than  before,  their 
answers  being  that  petitioners  were  more  busy  than  they  needed  to 
be.  So  petitioners  entreated  the  sheriff  to  give  them  further  time, 
in  regard  of  their  great  occasions  for  his  Majesty's  service,  in  building 
a  new  magazine,  and  carrying  300  loads  of  timber  for  the  ship  the 
Prince  Royal.  The  sheriff"  gave  them  six  weeks'  time,  but  fourteen 
days  before  that  time  came  out,  the  sheriff  procured  a  messenger  to 
be  sent  for  petitioners,  which  put  them  to  201.  more  charge.  The 
Lords  enjoined  them  to  enter  bond  of  lOOL  to  his  Majesty  to  execute 
all  warrants  of  the  sheriff,  so  with  much  ado  they  coUected  llOi., 
and  paid  it  over.  Petitioners  must  lay  themselves  at  his  Majesty's 
feet  for  mercy,  or  pay  the  remainder  of  the  moneys  uncollected,  the 
people  on  whom  it  ought  to  be  levied  being  so  poor  that  they  are 
rated,  some  2d.,  some  3d.,  and  a  great  many  under  12d.,  and  peti- 
tioners have  acquainted  the  sheriff  with  the  poverty  of  the  people, 
and  that  they  thought  not  it  was  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  such 
poor  as  these  [should  be  compelled  to  pay],  who  cried  out  when 


122  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


petitioners  came  to  them  for  money;  that  tbey  and  their  children 
were  starving,  and  who  had  nothing  to  distrain  but  their  bedding 
or  some  poor  household  stuff  of  no  value,  so  that  petitioners  durst 
not  go  any  further  in  the  service  till  his  Majesty  and  the  Lords 
were  acquainted  with  the  miserable  poverty  of  the  people,  and 
petitioner  Stevenson,  being  come  to  London  to  that  intent,  is  again 
taken  into  the  messenger's  custody.  Pray  that  their  bond  may  be 
redelivered,  and  that  if  the  remainder  of  the  money  must  be  collected, 
that  petitioners  may  have  time,  for  rather  than  incur  his  Majesty's 
displeasure  they  vnll  seU  their  own  estates  to  pay  the  amount,  only 
desiring  an  abatement  of  the  40Z.  they  have  been  caused  to  expend, 
and  that  they  may  be  discharged  of  the  messenger,  [f  p."]  Under- 
written, 

51.  I.  Order  that  Mr.  Buxton,  late  sheriff,  shall  see  this  petition 
and  make  answer  therev/ntq,  and  that  petitioners  he  dis- 
charged, hut  attend  again  at  the  beginning  of  next  term 
if  i/n  the  m^eantime  they  shall  not  pay  i/n  the  money  in 
arrear.     'Whitehall,  25th  November  1638.     [I-  p.] 

Nov.  25.        52.  Copy  of  the  same  petition  and  order  thereon.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  26.  Warrant  to  the  Judges  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  to  admit 
Thomas  Parker,  eldest  son  of  Lord  Morley,  an  infant  about  three 
years  old,  by  his  guardian,  to  suffer  a  recovery  of  Walbury  farm, 
Monkbury  farm,  Jenkins  Harpes  farm,  and  Hallingbury  Hall  farm, 
together  with  Hatfield  Park  and  Chase  in  Essex,  of  the  yearly  value 
of  437^.     [Docquet.'] 

Nov.  26.  "Warrant  to  Sir  David  Cunningham,  receiver  of  his  Majesty's 
revenue  as  Prince  of  Wales,  to  pay  to  Nicholas  D'Aranion,  ap- 
pointed to  instruct  in  the  French  tongue  and  the  art  of  writing  the 
Princesses  Mary,  Elizabeth,  and  Anne,  601.  per  annum.     [Bocquet.^ 

Nov.  26.  A  like  to  pay  William  Below  5001.  in  satisfaction  of  all  arrears  of 
hia  pensions  due  till  Michaelmas  last.     IBocquef] 

Nov.  26.  Disafforestation  of  lands  in  Essex  belonging  to  Thomas  Alston, 
and  a  pardon  for  all  trespasses  by  him  committed  against  the  forest 
laws,     ipooquef] 

Nov.  26.  53.  Order  of  the  Committee  of  the  Council  of  War.  The  Earl  of 
Whitehall.  Newport  was  prayed  to  speak  with  workmen  about  making  1,000 
snaphaunces  all  of  one  bore,  and  to  see  at  what  rate  and  in  what 
time  he  can  get  the  same  performed,  and  to  certify  the  same  to  this 
committee  ;  also  to  certify  what  provisions  of  munition  are  already 
sent  to. Newcastle  and  Hull.     \_I)raft.     1  p.] 

Nov.  26.        Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  30.     ^  p.] 

Nov.  26.  Petition  of  Bishop  Davenant,  of  Salisbury,  of  Richard  Bayly,  Dean 
of  Salisbury  [and  one]  of  youi-  Majesty's  chaplains  in  ordinary,  and 
of  the  Chapter  of  the  Cathedral  of  Salisbury,  to  the  King,     your 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  123 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCII. 

Majesty  present  in  Cotmcil  on  14th  May  1637,  for  conlposing  certain 
differences  between  petitioners  and  the  mayor  and  citizens  of 
Salisbury,  ordered  that  petitioners  and  the  chancellor  of  the  diocese 
for  the  time  being,  and  the  mayor,  recorder,  and  eleven  aldermen 
should  be  justices  of  the  peace  within  Salisbury,  and  you  required 
the  Lord  Keeper  to  give  warrant  for  issuing  a  charter  accordingly, 
which  order  does  not  express  any  other  matter  than  constituting 
the  parties  to  be  justices  of  the  peace,  and  seems  to  restrain  the 
Lord  Keeper  to  that  particular.  Pray  a  charter  to  the  Bishop  of 
Salisbury,  to  the  dean  and  chapter,  and  to  the  mayor  and  common- 
alty, for  making  the  forenamed  persons  justices  of  peace  there,  and 
to  require  the  Lord  Keeper  to  give  warraUt  for  such  charter  to  be 
issued.     [Copy.    See  Vol.  cccxxiii.,  v.  337.     i  p.j     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Attorney-General  to  consider  the  above  petition 
and  an  anneoced  proposition,  and  inseH  so  much  thereof 
in  the  charter  to  petUioners  as  he  shall  find  fit.  White- 
hall, 26th  November  1638.  {Copy.  Ibid.,  p.  338. 
5  li/nes.'] 

Nov.  26.  Warrant  for  strikmg  tallies  for  3,000?.,  paid  by  John  Gibbon  in 
part  of  8,000Z.,  due  from  him  to  his  Majesty  by  composition  for  fines 
and  offences  committed  in  the  forest  of  Deane,  which  3,000Z.  was 
paid  to  the  Earl  of  HoHand  in  part  of  25,0oQl.  3s.  Id.,  due  to  him 
by  privy  seal  dated  9th  April  1630.    [Bocquet  afterwards  cancelled.'] 

Nov.  26.  54.  Petition  of  Sir  Edward  Gresham  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Thomas 
Gresham,  petitioner's  eldest  son,  being  not  full  twenty  years  of  age, 
one  Anthony  Saunde":son  made  oath  that  he  was  at  his  own  govern- 
ment, concealing  that  he  was  son  to  petitioner,  and  thereupon 
procured  a  licence  for  marriage  between  the  said  Thomas  and  one 
Margaret  Wilby,  niece  to  the  said  Saunderson,  being  deformed  and 
having  no  portion  that  petitioner  knows  of.  But  your  officers  took 
a  bond  of  the  said  Saunderson  and  one  Henry  Bray  in  2001.  that 
the  said  marriage  should  not  be  solemnized  without  the  consent  ot 
the  said  Thomas's  parents,  of  which  indirect  practice  of  the  said 
Saunderson,  petitioner  complained  to  the  High  Commission,  and 
Saunderson  is  fined  at  501.  and  condemned  in  costs.  Now  for  that 
Saunderson  has  escaped  with  so  small  a  punishment,  petitioner 
prays  that  the  said  bond  being  forfeited  may  be  assigned  to  peti- 
tioner,    [|  p.]     Underwritten, 

54.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  La/mbe  to  give  the  Archbishop  cm 
accov/nt  of  this  petition.  "  He  knows  my  wonted  reso- 
lution in  svjch  businesses  as  these,  which  is,  either  not  to 
give  way  at  all,  or  to  reserve  one  moiety  for  the  church  of 
St.  Paul's.     W.  Cant."    November  2mh,  ims.     [i_p.] 

Nov.  26.  55.  Petition  of  Dame  Elizabeth  Leigh,  of  Longborough,  co. 
Gloucester,  widow,  to  the  same.  Petitioner  has  been  lately  served 
into  the  High  Commission  Court,  and  appearing  on  Thursday  last 
took  her  oath  to  answer  articles,  and  on  Saturday  last  was  examined 


124  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


1638.  .  VOL.CCCCII. 

and  has  put  in  her  answer.  No  other  misdemeanour  is  objected 
against  petitioner,  but  only  the  laying  violent  hands  on  Jane  Hill, 
a  young  woman  in  church  in  the  time  of  divine  service,  for  which 
fault  petitioner  has  been  presented  by  the  churchwardens  of  Long- 
borough,  and  appearing  before  the  Bishop  of  Gloucester,  petitioner's 
ordinary,  has  made  a  commutation  with  him.  Petitioner  has  since 
her  examination  waited  three  days  for  additionals,  and  none  are 
yet  put  in.  Prays  that  she  may  be  dismissed,  [f  ^.]  Under- 
written, 

.55.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe  to  give  the  Archbishop  an 
account,  that  further  orders  may  be  taken.  November  26th, 
1638.     [ip.] 

Nov.  26.  56.  Dr.  Peter  Turner  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Solicits  resolution  of 
Merton  College,  the  Archbishop,  whether  their  divinity  disputations  should  be  con- 
[Oxford].  -(^jjjug^  until  it  is  determined  what  course  is  to  be  adopted  in  the 
case  of  any  one  being  absent  when  his  turn  comes.  Those  who  cried 
down  the  statute  of  examination  did  it  in  ignorance  that  it  had 
proceeded  from  the  Archbishop,  the  writer  hopes  therefore  the 
Archbishop  will  not  pursue  the  inquiry  after  their  names.  Wishes 
new  orders  respecting  the  nomination  of  postmasters  during  the 
visitation.  Thanks  the  Archbishop  for  his  favour  to  Mr.  Comp- 
troller's sons.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  26.  57.  Thomas  Butler  to  Richard  Harvey.  Concerning  the  poor's 
Somercotes.  land,  cannot  write  fully  because  Sir  Gervase  Scrope  and  Sir  Charles 
Powell  are  not  in  the  country,  who  are  feoffees  in  trust  of  that  land. 
They  and  Sir  Henry  Radley  will  have  a  letter  written  after  their 
coming  home.  Entreats  Harvey  to  beware  of  Mr.  Nested,  who  has 
many  slights  to  smooth  over  his  knavery.  He  says  that  the  writer 
will  ruin  Mr.  Porter's  estate.  That  the  writer  desires  to  take  the 
land  that  lies  against  the  tunnel,  where  they  suppose  to  be  the  most 
danger,  is  an  answer.     [2  pp."] 

Nov.  26.  58.  John  Cutteris  to  the  same.  Will  repay  61.  lent  to  Mr.  Gray, 
who  has  signed  the  writings  of  the  tithes.  Your  news  carrier  and 
liar,  Mr,  Tottey,  is  sick  now.  The  writer  will  send  him  a  letter 
shall  give  him  a  vomit  and  a  purge.     [1  ^.] 

Nov.  26.  59.  Certificate  of  Richard  Broughton.  I  find  among  the  records 
remaining  in  the  chapel  of  the  Rolls  a  patent  of  creation,  dated  the 
4th  March  1627-8,  granted  to  Sir  George  Chaworth,  to  be  created 
Baron  Chaworth  of  Tryme,  and  Viscount  Chaworth  of  Armagh,  to 
him  and  his  heirs  male  for  ever.     [^  p.] 

Nov.  27.  The  King  to  the  Justices  of  the  Northern  Circuit.  Requires  them 
not  to  suffer  John  Carroll,  clerk  of  the  assize  for  the  said  circuit,  to 
sell  his  place.  Sir  William  Brouncker  intending  to  prosecute  him  in 
the  Star  Chamber.     [Docquet.] 

Nov.  27.  Petition  of  Mary  Barker,  widow,  and  William  Yeomans,  to  the 
King.    Matthew  Rogers,  son  of  the  said  Mary,  being  within  age, 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


125 


1638. 


Nov.  27. 

Bishop 
Auckland, 


Nov.  27. 
Westminster. 


Nov.  27. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 

conveyed  to  her  and  levied  a  fine  of  the  manor  of  Alderley,  co.  Glou- 
cester, held  of  your  Majesty  by  knight  service,  without  the  usual 
licence,  your  other  petitioner  having  been  a  commissioner  before 
whom  the  fine  was  acknowledged.  The  act  of  petitioners  was  not 
done  with  any  fraudulent  intent,  or  any  person  injured  thereby,  but 
not  knowing  but  that  it  might  be  legally  done.  They  now  submit 
themselves,  the  lands  being  but  20  marks  per  annum,  and  pray  a 
pardon.     [Copy.     See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  12.     J  p.}     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  Lord  Cottington  to  certify  his  opinion.      White- 

hall, 27th  November,  1638.     \Copy.     Ibid.     \  p.] 

II.  Lord  Cottington  to  the  King.     Report.     There  is  no  incon- 

venience in  yawr  Majesty's  granting  the  pardon  desired ; 
nevertheless  petitioners  should  pay  lOOl  for  the  same. 
8th  December  1638.     [Copy.     Ibid.     ^  p.] 

III.  Minute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that,  petitioners  paying  the 

composition  above  mentioned,  Lord  Cottington  is  to  give 
order  for  preparing  the  pardon  desired.  Whitehall, 
ISth  December  1638.     \Copy.     Ibid.,  p.  13.     ^  p.'] 

60.  Bishop  Morton,  of  Durham,  to  the  Council.  Upon  view  of  the 
musters  within  this  county,  especially  of  the  horse,  I  find  such  a 
defect  of  filling  the  full  number  of  the  list,  as  that  I  despair  of  a  due 
supply  except  such  persons  as  having  lands  in  this  county,  and  living 
in  other  counties  (wherein  they  say  they  are  charged  to  find  horse 
for  his  Majesty's  service),  may  likewise  be  charged  proportionably  to 
their  lands  here.     [Seal  with  arms.     |  p.J 

6 1 .  Edward  Nicholas  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  Thanks  for  tobacco. 
I  will  keep  your  money  sent  by  Valen[tine]  Pyne  as  safe  as  my  own. 
We  are  full  of  expectation  what  will  be  the  issue  of  the  Assembly  in 
Scotland,  and  provision  is  making  against  the  worst,  but  we  hope 
all  will  be  quiet.  Viscount  Wimbledon  is  lateJy  dead,  and  has  lefc 
a  rich  young  widow.  Colonel  Goring  shall  have  his  government  of 
Portsmouth.  Mrs.  Bodley,  a  maid  of  honour,  was  married  yesterday 
to  Mr.  Brockhurst  [Brocas  ?],  grandchild  to  old  Sir  Pexall,  of  whom 
you  have  heard.  The  writs  for  ship-money  are  sent  to  the  new 
sheriffs,  but  it  is  for  but  a  little  more  than  a  third  part  of  what  was 
levied  for  that  service  last  year.  Sir  William  Russell  is  very  lame  of 
the  gout,  both  in  his  hands  and  in  his  feet.  There  is  a  purpose  to  get 
Mr.  Comptroller's  eldest  son  to  be  joined  in  patent  with  Sir  William 
EusseU  for  the  Treasurer  of  the  Navy's  place  ;  but  take  no  notice  of 
this,  because  it  is  kept  very  secret.  The  King  will  not  go  this 
winter  to  Newmarket.     [Seal  with  device.     1  p.] 

62.  Petition  of  Dorothy  Yates,  wife  of  Gilbert  Yates,  of  St.  Mary 
Magdalen's,  Bermondsey,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Petitioner  has  been 
married  16  years,  and  has  bad  many  children.  She  brought  her 
husband  150^.  portion,  and  has  been  always  a  great  "painetaker." 
Her  husband  has  long  since  wasted  all  their  substance,  and  now 


126  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


^t 


Vol.  CCCCII. 

addicts  himself  to  the  company  of  Susan  King  aUas  Lea,  a  very 
lewd  woman,  and  altogether  neglects  petitioner  and  his  three 
children,  and  will  not  allow  her  scarce  anything  towards  the  main- 
tenance of  her  or  theni,  but  spends  what  he  gets  upon  the  said 
Susan,  and  puts  petitioner's  clothes  upon  her,  and  grievously  beats 
petitioner,  and  says  he  will  have  Susan  home  to  live  with  him,  which 
Susan  had  lately  a  child  by  him,  as  is  generally  reported.  Forasmuch 
as  petitioner  formerly  was  referred  to  Dr.  Merrick,  but  has  no  relief, 
she  beseeches  your  Grace  to  convent  her  husband  before  you,  and  to 
order  that  petitioner  may  live  in  peace,  and  that  her  husband,  who 
now  by  an  office  gets  801.  per  annum,  may  allow  petitioner  such 
means  as  shall  seem  meet,     [f  ^.]     Underwritten, 

62.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  take  order  for  the  poor 
woman's  relief,  as  he  shall  conceive  to  be  just.  November 
mh,  1638.     [1  ^.] 

ov.  27.  63.  Petition  of  the  four  children  of  Hugh  Floyd,  late  Doctor  in 
Divinity,  deceased,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Dr.  Floyd,  by  wiU  dated 
20th  June  1629,  gave  his  four  children  legacies  amounting  to  900Z., 
and  made  Cicely,  his  wife,  executrix,  who  before  probate  thereof  died, 
having  by  her  will  made  John  Aylmer,  clerk,  her  executor,  who 
proved  both  wills,  and  gave  bond  with  sureties  to  bring  in  a  perfect 
inventory  and  to  pay  the  legacies.  Since  which  time,  upon  a  suit 
commenced  in  the  Arches,  and  there  depending  five  years,  for 
Mr.  Aylmer's  not  bringing  a  true  inventory  and  undervaluing  the 
estate  700L  and  upwards,  a  sentence  passed  against  him  of  near  800Z., 
whereupon  he  appealed  to  the  Court  of  Delegates,  where  the  former 
sentence  was  confirmed,  and  Mr.  Aylmer  has  stood  excommunicated 
ever  since  Easter  term  last,  and  has  paid  neither  legacies  nor  costs, 
and  now  there  is  a  significavit  out  against  him.  Petitioners  pray 
to  have  the  bond  assigned  to  them,  to  sue  Mr.  Aylmer  and  his  sure- 
ties for  breach  thereof     [|  p.]     Underwritten, 

63.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  give  the  Archbishop  an 

account  concerni/)ig  the  request  here  made,  that  such  order 
may  be  taken  for  the  just  relief  of  petitioners  as  is  fitting. 
1638,  November  27th.     \ip.] 

Nov.  27-  64.  Lord  Keeper  Coventry  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Sir  Andrew 
Kniveton,  whom  his  Majesty  pricked  to  be  sherifi"  of  co.  Derby,  has 
sued  out  his  patent,  so  as  it  was  sealed  divers  days  since.  I  know 
not  whether  his  Majesty  has  been  informed  so  much,  and  therefore 
I  hold  it  my  part  to  acquaint  you  therewith,  that  you  may  acquaint 
his  Majesty  ;  nevertheless,  if  his  Majesty  be  pleased  to  change  him, 
I  have  sent  other  names,  as  well  such  as  I  have  received  from 
the  Judge  of  Assize  as  some  others  that  from  a  man  that  knows 
that  country  well  are  held  to  be  sufficient.  Only  for  Sir  Henry 
Willoughby,  though  he  be  a  man  of  great  estate,  yet  I  dare  not 
recommend  him  ;  and  if  you  call  to  mind  how  he  showed  himself, 
both  in  court  and  about  the  town,  about  two  or  three  years  since, 
when  his  Majesty  recommended  Sir  John  Suckling  to  have  married 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  127 


Iggg  Vol.  CCCCII. 

his  daughter,  you  -vnll  not  hold  his  discretion  very  capable  of  that 
office  in  these  times.  I  have  commanded  this  bearer  to  acquaint 
you  what  particular  inquiry  has  been  made  of  the  names,  that  his 
Majesty  may  take  the  best.  For  Berkshire,  I  presume  you  know 
the  county,  and  are  able  to  guess  who  will  be  fittest.  I  have  sent 
you  three  names  certified  by  Justice  Jones,  and  three  others  whom 
upon  speech  with  Sir  Edmund  Sawyer  he  assured  me  were  sufficient 
men,  and  Mr.  Blagrave  is  one  already  in  the  bill ;  Sir  Edmund  Sawyer 
tells  me  he  is  a  very  able  man.  There  is  one  thing  more  I  pray 
you  to  move  his  Majesty.  Lord  Chaworth,  being  pricked  sherifi"  of 
CO.  Nottingham,  has  sent  his  son  to  sue  out  his  patent,  but  he 
desires  that  whereas  in  the  bill  he  is  named  "  Georgius  Chaworth, 
miles,  Vicecomes  de  Ardmagh  in  regno  Hibernice,"  he  would  be 
named  ' '  Georgius  Chaworth,  miles,  Baro  Chaworth  de  Tryme  et 
Vicecomes  Chaworth  de  Armagh,  in  regno  Hibernice,"  and  so  to 
have  his  full  title  in  his  patent,  for  which  purpose  he  has  taken  a 
note  out  of  the  Eolls,  which  I  send  you  herewith  {see  l^o.  59),  and 
if  you  will  see  it  amended  accordingly  in  his  Majesty's  presence,  that 
patent  will  be  presently  sued  out.     [^Seal  with  arms.     1|  ^.] 

Nov.  27.  65.  List  of  military  officers  serving  in  Flanders  and  one  in  Milan. 
[Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank.     I  p^ 

Nov.  27.  66.  Sir  Job  Harbie  to  Robert  "Read.  At  the  request  of  Thomas 
London.  Myche,  my  brother-in-law,  resident  in  Russia,  Endymion  Porter  has 
moved  the  King  for  his  letter  to  that  Emperor,  to  let  the  next 
contract  he  makes  for  tar  be  exported  thence,  which  being  for- 
merly in  the  hands  of  the  Dutch  made  it  dear  to  the  English.  I  am 
told  his  Majesty  has  granted  the  petition,  and  has  referred  the  des- 
patch thereof  to  Sec.  Windebank.  I  trouble  you  with  these  lines, 
craving  your  assistance  to  the  bearer,     [f  p.^ 

Nov.  27.  67.  Sir  William  Elyott  and  Sir  Richard  Onslow,  deputy  lieu- 
tenants of  Surrey,  to  Thomas  Earl  of  Arundel  and  Surrey,  Charles 
Earl  of  Nottingham,  and  Henry  Lord  Maltravers,  lords  lieutenant. 
Certificate  of  the  forces,  as  well  horse  as  foot,  withia  the  west  divi- 
sion of  the  said  county.  The  trained  foot  consisted  of  442,  the  horse 
of  27.  Those  that  are  of  the  guard  refuse  to  contribute  towards  the 
common  arms,  pretending  privilege ;  as  Mr.  Richard  Wapshott, 
living  in  the  parish  of  Chertsey  and  renting  100?.  per  annum.  [The 
hundred  of  Godley  is  here  left  blank.     1  p.^ 

c 

[Nov.  27.]  68.  The  same  to  the  same.  Similar  return  with  the  hundred  of 
Godley  included,  and  various  additional  pai-ticulars,  among  them  an 
account  of  the  numbers  of  all  the  able  men  between  16  and  60  in 
every  parish  7n  the  western  division  of  Surrey,  which  is  stated  to 
be  3,183.     [=^pp.] 

Nov.  28.  Petition  of  the  Master,  Wardens,,  and  Commonalty  of  the  Mer- 
chant Adventurers  of  Bristol  to  the  King.  The  merchants  ha-ve 
been  anciently  a ,  companyancorporated,  and  King  Edward  VI.  in 


128  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCII. 

the  sixth  year  ot  his  reign  incorporated  them  by  their  present  name, 
which  charter  was  confirmed  by  Act  of  Parliament  in  the  eighth 
year  of  Queen  Elizabeth.  The  company  have  ever  since  maintained 
an  almshouse  for  ten  poor  sailors,  and  give  pensions  to  many  decayed 
merchants  and  seamen's  widows,  and  maintain  a  schoolmaster  and  a 
curate.  Pray  for  a  confirmation  of  their  former  charter  with  certain 
additional  privileges,  which  are  here  enumerated.  \Gopy.  See 
Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  7.     |  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference    to  the   Attorney'General  to   certify    his   opinion. 

Whitehall,  28th    November  1638.      {Copy.    Ibid.,  p.  8. 

II.  Attorney-General  Banhes  to  the  King.    Report.    Biscerns  no 

inconvenience  in  the  confirmation  and  new  privileges 
solicited  by  the  petitioners,  with  certain  qualifications 
here  set  forth.     5th  December  1628.     [Copy.    Ibid.     ip.'\ 

III.  Minute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  the  Attorney-General 

prepare  a  bill  in  accordance  with  his  opinion  stated 
above,     Whitehall,   6th  December  1638.      [Copv.     Ibid. 

Nov.  28.  Petition  of  Arthur,  William,  Agnes,  and  Barbara  Barclay,  nephews 
and  nieces  of  the  late  Earl  of  Carlisle,  to  the  King.  The  said  late 
Earl  stands  indebted  to  petitioners  about  5,000?.  by  bond.  Their 
suit  is  that  the  feoSees  in  trust  of  the  said  late  Earl  shall,  before 
the  surrender  of  their  charge  to  the  now  Earl,  give  sufficient  assur- 
ance to  petitioners  for  payment  of  the  said  debt,  or  be  bound  to  give 
satisfaction  to  petitioners,  who  of  all  others,  in  respect  of  their 
consanguinity  with  the  said  Earl  and  his  absolute  bond,  ought  to  be 
first  satisfied.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  cccxxiii.,  p.  338.  i  p.J  Under- 
written, 

I.  Minute  of  his  Majesty's  pleasure  that  the  feoffees  in  trust  shall 
not  surrender  their  interest  in  the  estate  of  the  said  Earl 
till  the  petitioners  be  satisfied.  Whitehall,  28th  November 
1638.     [Copy.    Ibid.     ^  p.} 

Nov.  28.  69.  Deputy  Lieutenants  of  Devon  to  Francis  Earl  of  Bedford  and 
Exeter.  William  Lord  Kussell,  Lords  Lieutenant.  Letters  of  the  Lords 
Lieutenant  and  of  the  Council  had  been  received  on  the  24!th  inst., 
and  on  the  27th  the  writers  assembled  and  dispersed  the  enclosed 
orders.  The  trained  bands  are  in  a  reasonable  readiness.  They  can 
hardly  fill  up  the  number  of  horse,  their  country  being  neither  so 
fit  for  breed  nor  for  use  of  good  ones  as  others  are.  The  exemption 
of  the  clergy  and  of  so  many  corporate  towns,  which  formerly  fur- 
nished both  foot  and  horse,  makes  it  not  a  little  difficult  to  com- 
plete the  number  of  arms  in  the  trained  bands.  Untrained  men 
they  have  store,  and  they  are  listed  under  captains,  but  of  arms 
for  them  they  can   yield   no  good   accouut.     The  magazines    are 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  129 


J  638.  Voi,.CCCCII. 

indifferently  well  stored.     After  the  next  muster  they  shall  be  ready 
to  yield  a  more  exact  account.     [Seal  with  arms,     f  p.}     Enclosed, 

69.  I.  Order  of  the  Deputy  Lieutenants  appointing  the  11th  De- 
cember/or a  muster  of  all  the  trained  forces  of  the  counts/, 
namvng  the  place  of  rendezvous  formerly  assigned  to  each 
regiment,  also  whither  the  colonels  and  captains  were  to 
repair  when  the  beacons  were  fired,  and  directing  the 
colonels  io  take  an  exact  view  of  the  several  county  maga- 
zines, to  procure  lists  of  able  untrained  men,  with  an 
account  of  what  spare  arms  were  in  store  for  their 
suiiply,  and  also  to  make  returns  upon  other  customary 
points  of  inquiry.    Exeter,  27th  IVovember  1 638.     [Copy. 

Up.] 

69.  II.  The  Deputy  Lieutenants  to  Roger  Gifford,  Baldivin  Ack- 
land,  and  Andrew  Roope.  Appointment  as  Provost 
Marshals  for  apprehending  vagrant  and  idle  persons, 
and  those  who  commit  insolencies  and  outrages.  Exeter, 
28th  November  1638.     {Copy,     f  ^.] 

69.  III.  The  same  to  the  constables  of  the  several  hundreds.     To 

give  attention  to  the  state  of  the  beacons,  and  to  assist  the 
colonels  and  captains  in  the  muster  of  the  trained  troops, 
in  procuring  lists  of  the  able  men  between  16  and  60, 
and  in  vieiving  the  spare  arms.  Exeter,  28th  November 
1638.     \Gopy.     1  p.] 

Nov.  28.  70.  Petition  of  Capt.  Henry  Bell  to  the  Council.  Sir  William 
Recher,  since  December  1637,  has  held  petitioner  in  hand  with  many 
fair  promises  to  despatch  his  busiaess,  yet,  quite  contrary  thereto,  he 
has  of  late  much  wronged  petitioner  with  threatening  words,  and 
has  invented  a  wicked  evasion  concerning  the  Elector  of  Branden- 
burg's letters  of  safe-conduct  which  by  your  directions  petitioner 
sent  him  in  Decembej'last,  as  appears  by  a  message  which  Sir  William 
sent  petitioner  by  a  gentleman  of  Scotland,  Mr.  James  Crichton. 
Petitioner  prays  the  Lords,  in  open  court  in  Star  Chamber  or  in 
private  at  Council  Board,  to  take  a  speedy  trial  of  his  cause,  and 
that  he  may  receive  severest  punishment  or  lawful  relief  [Copy. 
•|  p^     Underwritten, 

70.  I.  Message  of  Sir  Willia/m   Becker    sent   to  petitioner  the 

10th  inst.  That  the  Elector  of  Brandenburg's  safe-conduct 
makes  quite  against  petitioner,  and  shows  that  he  is  rather 
guilty  than  otherivise ;  and  that,  as  a  knave,  he  has 
cheated  the  Lords  and  sJmll  rot  in  prison,  and  let  him 
take  heed  lest  he  come  to  public  shame,  if  he  surcease  not 
his  suit.  [Copy.  \p^ 
70.  II.  Answer  of  Capt.  Henry  Bell  to  tlie  message  of  Sir  William 
Becher.  The  letters  of  safe-conduct  were  despatched  in  an 
extraordi/nary  ma/nner.  Very  seldom,  except  such  as 
concerned  husiness  of  great  weight,  tvere  any  such  letters 

13.  I 


130  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCn. 

signed  by  the  Prince  Elector's  own  hand,  but  commonly 
his  name  subscribed  by  his  secretary.  These  were  sub- 
scribed by  the  Prince,  and  in  a  particular  sort,  na/mely, 
thus  "  Mp."  signifying  "  Manu  propria,"  which  manner  of 
subscription  was  a  certain  denotation  to  all  States  of 
Geronany  that  it  was  done  by  the  Prince  himself,  which 
by  experience  I  foundj  in  ail  'places  where  I  came  and 
showed  them,  being  everywhere  in  particular  manner 
received  and  speedily  furthered.  SirWilliam  Becher  says 
I  am  a  knave.  I  answer  that  I  am  as  honest  as  the  skin 
between  Sir  Willia^m  Becher's  brows,  which  1  will  maJce 
good,  with  his  Majesty's  permission,  with  my  sword,  as 
hejits  a  soldier.  Neiiher  have  I  cheated  the  Lords,  but 
have  done  his  Majesty  true  service,  and  disbursed  more 
than  5,000?.,  which  most  unjustly  has  been  detained  from 
me ;  by  reason  whereof  my  wife  and  tivo  young  infants 
miserably  were  destroyed.  If  I  be  guilty  of  the  crimes 
whereivith  I  am  charged  in  the  bill  against  m,e  in  the 
Star  Chamber,  I  will  not  refuse  to  lie  and  rot  in  pnson, 
but  as  I  am  guiltless  I  cannot  surcease  from  pursuing 
my  lawful  suit,  until  my  cause  be  brought  to  a  legal 
hearing.  Sir  William  Becher  having  abused  me  in  this 
manner,  I  have  cause  to  suspect  tfiat  he  is  one  of  those 
who  have  falsely  accused  me,  and  that  my  petitions  {above 
200),  wherein  I  have  called  for  seven  years  together  only 
for  justice,  have  been  kept  back  from,  the  sight  of  the  Lords, ' 
for  1  never  could  obtain  to  be  called  before  them,  nor  for 
three  years  past  I  have  not  received  so  much  as  an  answer 
to  any  of  my  petitions.     [4|  pp.] 

Nov.  28.  71.  Sir  William  Russell  to  Nicholas.  I  have  sent  for  George 
Tower  Street.  Fletcher,  merchantj  concerning  the  saltpetre,  whose  answer  to  me 
is,  that  there  was  brought  from  Barbary  about  18  tons,  whereof 
12  tons  belong  to  Mr.  Olobery  and  others,  the  Old  Adventurers, 
and  the  remainder  to  the  New  Adventurers.  It  cannot  be  afforded 
under  21,  per  cwt.,  in  respect  of  the  charge  of  bringing  it  from 
Morocco  to  Saphia,  as  also  many  other  charges  without  which  the 
trade  cannot  subsist.  They  desire  a  speedy  answer,  for  it  has  long 
been  on  their  hands  and  [is]  subject  to  waste.  \_Seal  with  arms. 
Ip.] 

Nov.  28.  72,  Thomas  Smith  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  Honest  Vail. 
Queen  Street.  [Valentine  Pyne  ?]  so  soon  as  he  came  to  town  favoured  me  with  a 
visit,  and  being  now  upon  return  I  would  not  let  him  depart  without 
a  line  or  two.  I  will  carefully  perform  all  your  commands.  I  will 
write  weekly  by  the  Sandwich  post.  The  particulars  concerning 
the  ship  that  is  to  go  for  Spain  I  wiU  be  very  mindful  of.  The 
Lord  Admiral's  infirmity  continues,  but  with  some  abatement ;  he 
commanded  me  to  present  his  love,  and  to  let  you  know  that  you 
will  very  shortly  hear  from  him  concerning  orders  coming  to  you 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  131 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCH. 

from  other  hands ;  likewise  that  the  boatswain's  place  of  the  Ninth 
Whelp  in  Ireland  is  fallen  void,  and  that  if  the  man  whom  you. 
formerly  recommended  has  a  mind  to  go  thither,  he  will  bestow  it 
upon  him.  The  command  of  Portsmouth  is  given  to  Colonel  Goring. 
The  business  of  Scotland  is  said  to  go  much  better;  nevertheless  we 
go  on  raising  an  army  of  10,000  foot  and  2,000  horse.  The  Earl 
Marshal  is  designed  to  be  general ;  the  Earl  of  Essex,  general  of 
the  horse ;  and  Sir  Jacob  Astley,  sergeant  major  general.  [Seal 
with  arms.     2  pf?^ 

Nov.  28.  73.  Confession  of  Thomas  Thorne  made  this  day  to  Archbishop 
Laud.  Aboiit  five  years  ago  heard  Edward  Pimmerton,  of  Oak- 
field,  Berks,  say  to  Thomas  Woodcocks,  of  Shingfield,  Wilts,  that 
on  the  death  of  Pimmerton's  master,  Thomas  Smith,  there  was 
found  as  much  plate  of  Queen  Elizabeth's  as  Woodcocks'  best  team 
could  carry.  Pimmerton,  before  he  came  to  Smith,  was  a  very 
poor  man,  but  now  rents  about  4()Z.  a  year  of  Woodcocks.  A  maid, 
who  lived  with  Smith  and  who  died  last  summer,  said  that  he  had 
abundance  of  great  bowls,  chargers,  basons,  and  ewers,  spoons  worth 
40s.  apiece,  &c.  Smith  had  a  brother,  a  sergeant  in  the  court  of 
Queen  Elizabeth,  and  about  a  year  after  the  Queen's  death  there 
Avent  down  to  Reading  two  great  trunks  iron-bound,  which  Thorne 
saw  when  they  were  brought  into  the  house  of  Robert  Maltesse, 
who  is  living,  as  likewise  his  wife  and  Ann  Watlington  his  maid. 
These  trunks  were  so  heavy  that  they  had  six  bargemen  to  help  to 
"  wrench  "  them  into  the  entry.  William  Smith  has  a  son  now 
living,  named  like  his  father,  who  is  reputed  to  be  worth  30,000Z. 
He  lives  with  Mr.  Welden,  of  Pangbourne.     [1  p.]     Annexed, 

73.  I.  Archbishop  Laud  to  Sec.  Windebank  Thinks  fit  to  dismiss 
the  old'  man  horns  since  he  has  told  all  the  business. 
Wishes  to  speak  tuith  the  Secretary  before  he  enters  further 
into  the  business.     [Seal  with  arms.     ^  p.'] 

Nov.  28.  Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  Andrew  Treswell,  surveyor-general  of 
woods  on  this  side  Trent,  Richard  Willis,  Thomas  Beale,  and  James 
Crump.  Warrant  for  felling  certain  coppices  in  Grafton  Park,  in 
Whittlewood  and  Salcey  Forests,  co.  Northampton,  certified  by  the 
Earl  of  Northampton,  master  of  the  game  in  the  forest  of  Whittle- 
wood, Sir  John  Wake,  Lieutenant  of  the  Forest  of  Salcey,  Richard 
Hancox,  deputy  keeper  of  Grafton  Park,  and  the  said  Richard 
Willis  and  Thomas  Beale,  wood-wards  of  the  said  county,  as  fit  for 
his  Majesty's  profit  to  be  fallen.  [Minute.  See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv., 
p.  31.     lip.} 

Nov.  29.  The  King  to  John  Hawtrey,  George  Corbett,  and  Roger  Corbett. 
Lease  of  a  messuage  and  lands  in  North  Lynn,  West  Lynn,  and 
Clenchwarton,  Norfolk,  which,  being  extended  for  the  debts  of  Ralph 
Allen  and  William  Allen,  were  heretofore  demised  to  William 
Cockaine  and  others  under  the  yearly  rent  of  16s.  8d.;  but  the 
interest  of  those  lands  being  now  come  to  Hawtrey  and  Corbett, 

I  2 


132  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


tliey  have  surrendered  up  their  right,  and  his  Majesty  re-grants  the 
premises  to  them  for  such  time  as  they  ought  to  be  in  his  hands,  ,by 
reason  of  the  extent,  reserving  a  yearly  rent  of  16s.  8d.     \pocquet.] 

Nov.  29.  Warrant  to  pay  to  Basil  Viscount  Fielding  1,000Z.  for  his  extra- 
ordinary charges  in  transporting  himself  as  his  Majesty's  ambassador 
extraordinary  from  Savoy  to  Venice.     [Docquet.'] ' 

Nov.  29.  Grant  to  Thomas  Potts  of  the  newly  erected  office  for  surveying 
and  sealing  foreign  silks,  with  a  fee  of  4(i.  for  every  piece  sealed,  for 
31  years.     [Docquet.] 

Nov.  29.  Grant  to  Nicholas  Crispe  and  Eoger  Charnock  of  the  office  of  col- 
lector of  imposts  in  Chichester,  Southampton,  Poole,  Exeter,  Dart- 
mouth, Plymouth,  Fowej,  Bristol,  Bridgwater,  Chester,  Cardiff, 
M.ilford,  and  Gloucester,  with  the  yearly  fee  of  2001.     [Docquet.] 

Nov.  29.  74.  Petition  of  William  Symonds,  Joseph  Symonds,  George 
Pickering,  and  Richard  Gibbs,  goldsmiths,  to  Sec.  Windebank.  On 
complaint  of  Thomas  Violett  the  Council  granted  a  warrant  against 
petitioners,  who  have  been  in  custody  of  several  messengers  ever 
since  Friday  last,  and  by  an  order  of  the  Board  they  are  debarred 
to  buy  or  sell  any  gold  or  silver  in  the  office  to  their  great  damage. 
They  and  sundry  witnesses  have  been  examined  before  Sir  William 
Becher,  Justice  Whitaker,  and  Edward  Johnson.  They  have  pre- 
pared their  petition  to  the  Board  either  to  be  discharged  when  Sir 
William  Becher  and  the  rest  have  been  reported,  or  set  at  liberty 
upon  security  to  appear  and  answer  such  matters  as  shall  be  objected 
against  them.  Pray  the  Secretary's  furtherance  of  their  request  to 
the  Board,     [f  p.] 

Nov.  30.  Presentation  of  Dr.  Drayton  to  the  vicarage  of  Terrington,  Norfolk, 
void  by  death,  and  in  his  Majesty's  gift  pleno  jure.     [Docquet] 

Nov.  30.  A  like  of  John  Featly,  M.A.,  to  the  rectory  of  Langor,  in  the 
diocese  of  York,  [Langar,  co.  Nottingham,]  void  by  death,  and  in 
his  Majesty's  gift  by  the  minority  of  Ambrose  Pudsey,  his  Majesty's 
ward.     [Docquet.] 

Nov.  30.  Dispensation  for  Dr.  Wren  to  hold  the  parsonage  of  Haseley,  in 
the  diocese  of  Oxford,  together  with  Bishop's  Knoyle,  in  the  diocese 
of  Salisbury,  with  a  clause  of  permutation.     [Docquet] 

Nov.  30.  Licence  for  Charles  Bartlett,  eldest  son  of  Lord  Bartlett,  to  travel 
beyond  sea  with  his  tutor  and  four  servants  for  three  years. 
[Docquet] 

Nov.  30.  75.  Petition  of  parishioners  of  St.  Martin's-in-the-Fields,  inhabiting 
that  part  of  Covent  Garden  assigned  to  the  new  chapel  there,  to  the 
King.  Upon  the  overture  of  the  Earl  of  Bedford  to  his  Majesty, 
touching  building  Covent  Garden,  one  argument  used  by  him  for 
licence  to  build  was,  that  he  would  erect  a  church  for  th6  inhabitants 
there,  and  for  the  ease  of  the  mother  church  of  St.  Martin.   The  Earl 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  133 


1638. 


Vot.  CCCCII. 

also  promised  the  first  undertakers  of  Covent  Garden  that  he  would 
build  a  church  and  settle  1001.  per  annum  for  a  lecturer  there,  and 
that  lie  would  erect  a  beautiful  structure  in  the  middle  of  the  piazza, 
whereupon  his  Majesty's  statua  should  be  placed  in  brass,  and  the 
said  building  to  be  compassed  with  a  fair  iron  grate  ;  and  he  also 
promised  to  pave  the  piazza  and  enlarge  the  ways  in  and  out  of 
Covent  Garden,  whereupon  the  buildings  were  cheerfully  undertaken 
and  finished.  A  chapel  (for  wanting  a  steeple  and  bells  it  cannot 
properly  be  called  a  church)  being  built,  the  Earl  now  recedes  from 
his  first  proposition  to  the  inhabitants  in  these  particulars : — 1.  The 
chapel  is  defectively  built,  and  cannot  be  timbered  and  leaded,  as  it 
ought,  for  less  than  1,500?.,  and  the  Earl  expects  petitioners  should 
take  it  so  defective  in  the  present,  and  repair  it  for  the  future. 
2.  The  Earl  having  built  an  altar,  font,  pews,  pulpit,  and  other 
necessaries  in  the  chapel,  demands  near  1,200?.  of  petitioners  for  his 
reimbursement.  3.  The  inhabitants  will  necessarily  be  compelled  to 
build  a  steeple,  and  to  furnish  it  with  a  clock  and  bells,  which  will 
cost  above  2,000  marks,  which  petitioners  conceive  the  Earl  ought 
to  have  done.  All  which  disbursements  will  amount  to  above  4,000?. 
Forasmuch  as  his  Majesty's  intentions  when  he  granted  licence  to 
build  are  only  known  to  himself,  and  therefore  he  is  the  fittest  to 
judge  of  these  diiferences,  and,  besides  these  demands  of  the  Earl, 
petitioners  wUl  be  subject  to  charges  in  respect  both  of  the  mother 
church  and  this  chapel,  petitioners  pray  that  the  inhabitants  may 
not  pay  for  the  things  already  given,  and  that  the  Earl  may  be 
enjoined  to  perform  all  the  particulars  before  mentioned  to  have 
been  promised  by  him,  he  being  so  vast  a  gainer  by  the  multitude 
of  houses  that  are  there  built.  [Eighty -tivo  signatures  under- 
im^itten.     1  f.^     Endorsed, 

75.  I.  Reference  to  Archbishop  Laud  and  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon 
to  settle  some  good  course  herein,  or  to  certify  his  Majesty 
what  they  hold  Jit  to  be  done.  Whitehall,  20th  Noveviber 
1638.     [6  lines^^ 

75.  II.  Afpointnient  of  the  referees  to  hear  this  business  on  this 
day  sennight,     hth  December  1638.     [4  lines.']    Annexed, 

75.  III.  Order  of  the  Lords  Referees  requiring  the  vestry  of  the 
chapelry  in  Covent  Garden  to  meet,  and  the  vicar  to  be 
with  them  if  he  please,  and  to  consider  the  subscriptions 
to  the  preceding  petition,  and  to  examine  how  many  of 
the  best  of  the  inhabitants  who  are  householders,  and  how 
•many  of  those  who  contracted  with  the  Earl  of  Bedford 
have  subscribed  the  same,  and  to  certify  the  same  to  the 
Lords,  with  the  oiames  of  such  as  have  not  subscribed. 
12th  December  1638.     [|  p.] 

75.  IV.  The  vestry  of  the  chapelry  of  Covent  Garden  to  the  Council. 
Certifieate  that  87  of  the  inhabitants  within  the  said 
chapelry  have  subscribed  the  petition  above  calendared,  of 
which  niwiber  some  few  are  gentlemen,  and  the  rest 


134  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 

tradesmen,  and  only  George  Hulhert  a  contractor  with 
the  Earl  of  Bedford.  There  are  270  inhabitants  of  the 
sa,id  chapelry  that  have  not  subscribed  the  said  petition 
whose  names  are  mentioned  in  a  schedule  annexed. 
2Qth  December  1638.  [Signed  by  Sir  Edmund  Verney,  Sir 
John  Brooke,  Charles  Herbert,  Adrian  Scrope,  Sir 
William  Russell,  and  10  others.     =  2  pp^    Annexed, 

75.  IV.  i.  Nam,es  of  272  inhabitants  of  Oovent  Garden  who  have 

not  subscribed  and  approved    the   petition    above 
m,entioned.     [2f  pp.^ 

Nov.  30.  76.  Petition  of  Thomas  Priest,  clerk,  to  the  King.  Your  Majesty, 
on  petition  of  petitioner,  referred  his  complaint  to  Dr.  Heylyn  and 
Dr.  Rowlandson,  two  of  your  chaplains,  who  have  called  before  them 
Richard  Fielder,  the  party  whom  it  concerns,  and  endeavoured  a 
peaceable  end,  which  Fielder  will  not  yield  unto,  and  thereof  they  have 
made  certificate.  As  the  wrong  done  is  prejudicial  to  your  Majesty 
and  the  Church,  as  well  as  to  petitioner,  who  has  lost  his  living  after 
a  suit  of  seven  years  to  his  undoing,  he  prays  that  the  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury  and  the  Earl  of  Manchester  may  set  down  such  order  as 
they  shall  think  fit.     \jOopy.     \  j3.]     Undervjritten, 

76.  I.   Reference  to  the  Archbishop  of   Canterbury,   the  Lord 

Keeper,  and  the  Lord  Privy  Seal,  to  take  order  for  right- 
ing the  Church  and  relieving  petitioner.  Whitehall, 
mth  November  1638.     [a  ^.] 

76.  II.  Appointment  by  the  referees  for  hearing  this  business  on 
2'Znd  May  next.     Srd  "April  1639.     [}  p.] 

Nov.  30.  77.  Jo[hn]  Dowell  to  Sir  Henry  Vane.  I  lately  intimated  by 
London.  Mr.  Cordall  [Cordewell]  that  one  Baber  has  a  powder  mill  in  the 
suburbs  of  Bristol,  and  makes  about  2  cwt.  a  week,  and  that  much 
more  is  covertly  brought  into  the  town,  and  there  vended  as  issued 
from  the  stores  of  his  Majesty  at  2s.  6d.  the  pound.  If  a  commission 
of  inquiry  be  directed  to  Ezekiel  Wallis,  now  mayor,  Humphrey 
Hooke,  alderman,  James  Dyer,  town  clerk,  with  some  others,  they 
may  render  you  a  very  good  account  in  the  discovery  of  the  unlawful 
making  and  retailing  of  powder  and  saltpetre.     [1  p.] 

Nov.  30.  78.  Captain  William  Legge  to  Montjoy  Earl  of  Newport.  Here  is 
Hull.  a  ship  arrived  with  part  of  Sir  Jacob  Astley's  arms  ;  they  are  landed, 
but  not  yet  viewed,  and  the  master  of  the  ship  has  brought  me  a 
letter  from  Capt.  Hall,  who  commands  the  Adventure,  wherein  I 
am  charged  with  the  payment  of  the  freight,  and  a  greater  sum 
than  usually  is  paid  for  such  a  proportion.  The  moneys  in  my  hands 
I  am  not  by  my  instructions  to  disburse  for  freight,  nor  can  I  think 
Capt.  Hall's  directions  a  good  warrant,  and  therefore  I  have  made 
stay  of  the  payment  until  I  hear  from  you,  I  beseech  your  speedy 
direction,  and  whether  I  may  not  wait  on  you  this  Christmas  to 
give  an  account  of  my  service,  seeing  the  rest  of  the  Dutch  provisiona 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  135 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


will  not  come  before  that  time.  [Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank, 
"  Delivered  to  me  the  Mh  December."     1  p.'] 

Nov.  30.  79.  Philip  Burlamachi  to  Sec.  Windebank.  As  to  the  sum  I  owe 
to  the  Queen's  servants,  I  am  astonished  they  have  troubled  his 
Majesty.  They  know  that  the  money  for  their  payment  is  in  the 
Exchequer,  and  that  it  is  for  their  advantage  that  I  delay  paying 
them.  I  know  this  importunity  comes  from  some  of  them  who  would 
draw  out  of  my  hands  a  debt  of  5,000Z.,  which  the  late  Earl  of 
Carlisle  owed  me,  for  1,300L  I  have  treated  a  long  time  with  £he 
administrators  of  the  said  Earl,  but  without  obtaining  any  satisfac- 
tion, unless  I  will  relinquish  all  my  interest,  which  seems  to  me 
unreasonable,  as  the  Earl  received  the  money  which  he  owes  me  more 
than  ten  years  ago  from  his  Majesty.  To  avoid  that  loss  I  have  peti- 
tioned his  Majesty  that,  as  he  paid  the  said  Earl  all  the  charges  of  his 
embassy  in  1628  and  1629,  and  my  money  was  used  for  the  purposes 
of  that  embassy  bj^  his  Majesty's  command,  he  will  use  his  autho- 
rity with  the  administrators  that  they  shall  pay  me  the  principal  and 
interest  which  have  been  so  long  detained  from  me.  The  request 
has  been  shown  this  morning  to  Sir  John  Wintour,  secretary  to  the 
Queen,  and  is  in  the  hands  of  Lord  Goring,  to  be  communicated  to 
the  administrators ;  but  on  Monday  next  I  will  come  myself  to  show 
it  to  Lord  Goring,  with  the  King's  letter  and  the  obligation  of  the  Earl. 
I  am  glad  that  the  importunity  of  Mens.  Coignet,  who  wishes  to  get 
that  debt  into  his  hands  for  1,300?.  which  I  owe  him,  has  given  me 
occasion  to  explain  this  business  to  you.     [French.     2  pj?.] 

Nov.  80.  The  King  to  Lord  William  Howard.     We  have  observed  your 

care  of  those  parts  in  these  stirring  times,  which  we  interpret  as  an 
argument  of  your  true  affection  to  us,  and  shall  be  ready  upon  all 
occasions  to  make  appear  how  much  we  value  it.  We  doubt  not 
but  you  will  continue  to  advance  our  service  as  well  by  your  own 
vigilancy  and  provision  of  arms,  as  by  using  all  ineans  to  secure 
those  bordering  parts  by  causing  others  to  provide  anything 
necessary  for  our  service  and  their  own  defence.     [Copy.     J  'p.'] 

Nov.  81.  George  Viscount  Chaworth  to  the  King,     It  is  "  cumd  "  to  me 

that  your  Majesty  has  pricked  me  your  vicecomes  Nottlnghamice, 
which  title,  until  the  frequency  of  Parliaments  tied  the  nobility  to 
attend  on  them,  did  fall  on  men  of  the  best  quality,  and  had  that 
course  continued  the  best  subject  should  not  hold  it  a  disparagement. 
But  the  case  is  so  changed  as  the  choice  of  me  to  this  can  (in  common 
opinion)  be  no  other  than  a  mark  of  your  displeasure,  and  a  shadow- 
ing, if  not  a  defacing,  of  your  regal  act  in  ray  creation,  of  which 
your  ancestors  have  been  so  tender,  that  when  all  other  their  acts 
were  resumed,  their  creations  and  coins  were  maintained.  If  your 
Majesty  has  been  possessed  that  I  am  but  Irish,  and  that  so  many 
of  us  are  in  that  title  as  it  leaves  you  no  choice  of  gentry  for  that 
service,  I  beseech  you  give  me  leave  to  inform  you  that  we  that 
reside  in  England  are  only  17  in  50  shires  of  England,  and  not  two 
of  us  in  any  one  shire.    For  this  county,  here  is  only  myself  of  the  Irish 


136  "DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


and  four  English  earls  and  their  sons,  and  how  few  these  be  ia 
comparison  of  the  gentry  all  men  know.  I  that  am_but  clay  in  your 
hands,  most  humbly  prostrate  myself  at  your  feet,  and  whether  you 
ordain  me  to  honour  or  dishonour,  I  shall  always  be  your  most  devoted 
servant.     [2  pp.] 

Nov.  82.  Copy  of  the  same.     [1  p.] 

[Nov  ?]  83.  Petition  of  the  .Filazers  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  to  the 

King.  Recite  declaration  of  the  King's  pleasure  for  impannelling 
juries  to  inquire  as  to  fees  taken  by  the  officers  of  the  courts, 
contained  in  letter  of  Sec.  Windebank  to  the  Lord  Keeper,  already 
calendared  under  date  of  the  7th  October  last.  No.  17.  The  fees  of 
the  officers  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas  have  been  inquired  into 
accordingly.  Pray  the  King  to  signify  his  pleasure  to  some  of  the 
Council  that  the  proceedings  may  be  produced  before  them  and 
settled  according  to  tlie  ancient  course.     [|-  ^J.] 

[Nov.]  84.  Petition  of  John  Marston,  owner,  Thomas  Lenthall,  Hum- 

phrey Oneby,  Thomas  Briggs,  Robert  Lovett,  and  others,  merchants, 
laders  in  the  Hopewell,  bound  for  Spain,  to  the  same.  The  said 
ship,  being  bound  for  Spain  with  100,000  weight  of  tobacco  bought 
of  your  Majesty's  agents,  was  stayed  in  the  Downs  the  1st  inst.  by 
Sir  John  Pennington  according  to  a  signification  from  Sec.  Coke 
upon  surmises  by  the  Barbary  Company.  Upon  petition  to  the 
Council  the  Lords  after  examination  were  of  opinion  that  the  stay 
was  altogether  causeless,  and  that  petitioners  had  sustained  great 
damage  thereby,  and  gave  order  for  release  and  such  damages  as  the 
Judge  of  the  Admiralty  should  think  fit.  Since  that  order  the  ship 
is  again  stayed.  Pray  order  for  release  with  damages ;  or  that 
your  Majesty's  agents  may  receive  again  the  tobacco  from  peti- 
tioners.    [I  p.] 

[Nov.]  85.  Reasons  why  the  owners  and  laders  of  the  Hopewell  mentioned 

in  the  preceding  article  do  not  enter  into  bond  [not  to  trade  into 
Barbary].  They  prefer  for  the  reasons  here  stated  to  discharge  their 
ship,  and  pray  as  above  that  the  King's  agents  may  receive  again 
their  tobacco.     [1  p.] 

[Nov.]  86.  Petition  of  Henry  Kyme  and  Thomas  Welsh,  messengers  of 

the  Chamber,  to  the  Council.  Have  been  sent  several  times  with  war- 
rants to  [Earl's]  Barton,  co.  Northampton,  for  Edmund  James,  Thomas 
Haynes,  Robert  Wade  [Ward],  Thomas  Blewett,  and  Francis  Freeman, 
of  Wilby ;  but  notwithstanding  their  best  endeavours  they  never 
could  apprehend  the  persons  sought  after.  Forasmuch  as  Francis 
Freeman,  one  of  the  delinquents  before  mentioned,  is  in  custody  of 
Sergeant  Francis,  and  petitioners  are  out  a  great  sum  of  money  in 
journeying  four  times  in  that  service,  they  desire  order  that  Freeman 
before  he  be  discharged  may  satisfy  them  for  their  fees  and  charges. 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  137 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCII. 


[Nov.]  87.  Petition  of  John  Santie,  one  of  the  messengers  of  the  Cham- 

ber, to  the  Council.  On  the  19th  October  last  you  required  Nehemiah 
Kawson,  of  Birkwood,  co.  Lincoln,  to  pay  petitioner  51.  for  fees,  or 
attend  the  Board  on  "Wednesday  then  next.  He  attended,  but  not 
being  heard  presently  departed,  and  has  not  since  attended  nor  paid 
petitioner.  Prays  order  to  Kawson  to  pay  the  5L  or  answer  his 
contempt,     [f  p.] 

[Nov.]  88.  Petition  of  John  Powell,  one  of  the  sergeants-at-arms,  to  the 

same.  Petitioner  was  appointed  by  warrant  of  8th  September  last 
to  take  into  custody  Sir  Alexander  Denton,  late  sheriff  of  co.  Buck- 
ingham, concerning  the  neglect  of  his  service  in  collecting  ship- 
money.  Petitioner  repaired  to  him,  and  gave  him  his  best  assistance 
for  performing  the  service,  and  afterwards  attended  him  to  give 
account  to  the  Board.  After  which,  on  20th  October  last,  the  Lords 
gave  liberty  to  Sir  Alexander,  to  repair  into  the  country  for  per- 
fecting that  service,  not  to  be  discharged  out  of  custody,  but  only  to 
be  at  liberty  without  petitioner's  company.  Sir  Alexander  having 
been  at  least  six  weeks  in  custody,  petitioner  prays  that  he  may 
receive  reasonable  satisfaction.     [|  p.] 

[Nov.]  89.  Petition  of  John  Pattenson,  of  Westward,  near  Carlisle,  to  the 

same.  In  Trinity  term  1637,  petitioner  was  directed  by  Mr.  Ser- 
geant Glanville  and  others  of  counsel  with  Francis  Lord  Dacre,  to 
enter  into  the  manor  of  Dacre  in  Cumberland,  and  to  take  a  distress 
to  try  Lord  Dacre's  title  to  the  said  manor.  In  September  1637, 
petitioner  in  legal  manner  distrained  accordingly,  and  the  tenants 
rescued  the  distress,  whereupon  he  was  forced  to  take  several  dis- 
tresses, which  were  all  forcibly  rescued.  The  tenants  also  pro- 
cured petitioner  to  be  examined  for  the  said  entries,  1st,  on  18th 
January  1637,  at  the  Quarter  Sessions  ;  2nd,  in  the  Star  Chamber  ; 
3rd,  before  the  justices  of  assize  ;  and  lastly  they  procured  petitioner 
to  enter  into  a  recognizance  with  sureties  to  appear  before  the  Lords 
on  the  morrow  of  St.  Martin  last.  Petitioner  appeared  accordingly, 
but  not  the  informers,  or  any  on  their  behalf.  Prays  discharge  of 
his  recognizances,  and  from  further  attendance,  and  an  award  of 
damages  and  costs,     [f  p.] 

[Nov.?]  90.  Opinion  of  Sir  Edward  Littleton,  Solicitor-General.  In  ac- 
cordance with  an  order  of  the  4th  inst.  he  had  perused  the  charters 
of  the  cathedral  and  city  of  Lichfield,  and  was  of  opinion  that 
the  cathedral  and  close  were  wholly  within  the  county  of  Stafford 
and  not  within  the  city  or  county  of  Lichfield.     [^  p.] 

[Nov.]  91-  Act  of  homage  performed  by  John  Towers,  D.D.,  on  his  elec- 

tion and  confirmation  as  Bishop  of  Peterborough.     [13  lines  on  slip 
of  parcliinent.'] 

'Nov.J  92.  Petition  of  Edward  Bridge,  of  Colchester,  post,  and  "William 

*"  Gore,  of  Ipswich,  carrier,  to  Sec.  Windebank.     A  packet  of  letters 

sent  by  the  Secretary  to  Ise  conveyed  to  Yarmouth  was  brought  by 

the  post  of  Witham  to  petitioner  Bridge's  house  in  his  absence.   His 

wife  sent  away  the  packet  by  post  to  Harwich,  being  told  it  was 


138  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  ^«^-  ^^^^"- 

directed  thither.  The  Mayor  of  Harwich  sent  it  back  by  the  bearer, 
and  the  horse  was  so  tired  he  could  not  go  to  Yarmouth,  and  as  she 
could  not  hire  another  horse  (the  horses  being  then  employed  in 
service  to  entertain  the  Queen-Mother),  she  sent  the  packet  by 
petitioner  Gore,  an  illiterate  man,  who  then  lodged  in  Colchester, 
to  be  delivered  to  the  post  of  Ipswich.  He  refused  to  receive  it,  for 
that  it  was  not  brought  by  the  post,  whereupon  Gore  brought  it 
baok  to  Bridge's  house,  who  was  then  also  absent.  Petitioners  by 
the  Secretary's  command  being  put  into  Newgate  pray  enlargement. 

Nov.  93.  The  King  to  Bishop  Morton,  of  Durham.     The  late  Dean  of 

Durham  [Dr.  Richard  Hunt]  has  suffered  both  his  houses,  especially 
that  in  the  country,  (from  which  by  reason  of  his  infirmity  he  had 
been  absent  many  years),  to  fall  into  great  decay,  and  is  dead  of  a 
mean  estate  and  in  debt,  so  that  we  doubt  his  successor,  whomsoever 
we  shall  be  pleased  to  name,  will  hardly  get  sufficient  eatisfaction 
for  these  great  dilapidations.  The  dean,  by  the  custom  of  that 
church,  is  to  have  the  profits  of  his  place  for  a  year  after  his  death, 
which  is  to  go  to  his  executors,  who  if  the  estate  be  mean,  will 
hardly  be  brought  to  pay  back  any  sufficient  part  towards  these 
dilapidations.  We  require  the  sub-dean  and  prebends  to  lay  up 
that  money  which  belongs  to  the  dean's  executors  till  we  have 
named  a  successor,  and  he  shall  have  taken  order  to  secure  the 
dilapidations ;  and  we  require  you  to  take  care  of  this  business, 
and  to  see  that  these  letters  be  transcribed  into  the  register  book, 
that  they  and  you  may  be  witnesses  of  our  royal  care  of  the  good  of 
that  church.  [Draft  in  the  handwriting  of  William  Dell,  with 
alterations  hy  Sec.  WindebanJc.     1  p."] 

Nov.  94.  [Thomas  Collard  to  Richard  Harvey.]     Prays  him  once  more 

to  write  to  Lord  Chief  Justice  Finch  on  behalf  of  Edward  Luttrell's 
cause,  which  is  to  be  heard  at  the  common  bench  bar  the  second 
day  of  Michaelmas  term,  it  being  a  fourth  cause  upon  an  ejectione 
firmoe,  where  Richard  Grant  is  plaintiff  for  Luttrell,  and  John  Ley 
defendant.     [^  p.'] 

[Nov.]  Q5.  Rent-bill,  showing  the  half-year's  rent  due  to  the  manor  of 

Allfarthing,  [Surrey,]  at  Michaelmas  1638,  total  157^-  lis. 

Nov.  96.  Brief  in  a  suit  in  the  Court  of  Arches  of  Greenwood  versus 

Thomas  Ingram,  of  Norwich,  and  Susan  his  wife,  for  incontinency 
during  the  life-time  of  Thomas  Ingram's  former  wife.     [9  pp^ 

Nov.  97.  Account  of  fees  [paid  on  privy  seals?]  during  Michaelmas 

term,  1638.     [i  ^.] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  139 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCCIII.    November  1638. 

Nov.  Book  of  Entries  of  Petitions  presented  to  his  Majesty  with  the 

answers  retui'ned  thereto.  The  entries  in  this  book  will  be  found 
calendared  in  their  proper  chronological  order,  with  a  reference  in 
every  case  to  the  particular  page  in  this  volume  on  which  the  entry 
of  the  petition  calendared  will  be  found.  [482  pp.,  of  which  248  are 
blank.] 


_„^  Vol.  CCGCIV.    December  1-31,  1638. 

1638, 

Dec.  I.  1.  The  King  to  [George]  Kensham  [of  Tempsford,  co.  Bedford]. 

We  understand  you  have  a  daughter,  your  only  child.  It  will  be 
pleasing  to  us  that  you  take  into  consideration  Thomas  Windebank, 
eldest  son  to  Sir  Francis  Windebank,  whom  we  think  a  fit  match 
for  your  daughter,  both  in  regard  of  the  place  which  his  father 
holds,  and  in  respect  of  the  education  and  disposition  of  the  young 
gentleman.  For  his  fortune,  a  servant  so  near  us  cannot  but  im- 
prove it  daily,  and  we  shall  be  ready  to  advance  it.  [Copy,  in  the 
handwriting  of  Sec.  Windebank,  of  a  draft  already  calendared  in 
Vol.  ccclxxvii.,  N'o.  134.     |  p.'] 

Dec.  1 .  2.  Petition  of  Sir  Lionel  Tollemache  to  the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty. 

Petitioner  has  for  many  years  been  vice-admiral  of  Suffolk,  and  has 
yearly  accounted  in  the  Admiralty  for  all  droits,  and  for  better  exe- 
cution of  that  office  has  allowed  the  judge  of  the  said  vice-admiralty 
and  the  under  officers  the  fourth  part  of  the  moiety  of  the  droits 
belonging  to  him.  About  two  years  since,  there  being  a  ship 
driven  ashore  near  Packsted  [Pakefield  ?],  Suffolk,  the  same  was 
seized  by  the  judge  and  other  officers,  and  by  decree  of  the  Court  of 
Admiralty  sold  as  periiura  and  the  money  returned  into  that  court, 
and  by  sentence  lately  given  there  is  adjudged  to  his  Majesty  SSOl., 
the  moiety  whereof  he  conceives  belongs  to  him  by  virtue  of  his 
said  office.  Prays  warrant  to  the  Registrar  of  the  Admiralty  Court 
to  pay  him  the  moiety  of  the  SSOl.     [f  p.]     Underwritten, 

2.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  Henry  Marten,  Judge  of  the  Admiralty, 
to  certify  the  Lords  what  he  has  known  done  in  the  like 
case  and  conceives  just  in  this  particular.  Whitehall, 
\st  December  1638,     [1  p.] 

Dec.  1.  3.  Copy  of  the  preceding  petition  and  reference,  and  of  Sir  Henry 

Marten's  report.  He  conceives  it  just  that  the  petitioner  should 
have  the  moiety  petitioned  for,  deducting  40?.  which  the  judge  and 
registrar  of  his  vice-admiralty  have  formerly  had  out  of  those  moneys 
for  their  pains   taken  in  that  business.     6th  February  1638-9. 


140  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


,„.-,o  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

Dec.  1.  Abstract  of  the  foregoing  petition  with  a  copy  of  the  reference. 

[Vol.  cccliii.,  p.  111.     1  p.] 

Dec.  1.  Petition  of  Edmund  Ludlow  and  Edward  Manning,  fee-farmers 

of  Wakeswood  in  the  forest  of  Chute,  Hants,  and  farmers  of  all  the 
coppices  in  Finkley  Walk,  within  the  same  forest,  to  Henry  Earl  of 
Holland.  Robert  Noyes,  tenant  of  petitioners,  was  at  the  Swain- 
mote held  9th  June  1635  convicted  for  assarting  seven  acres,  parcel 
of  Wakeswood,  and  at  the  Justice  Seat  held  3rd  October  following 
was  fined  10^.  for  the  same,  at  which  Justice  Seat  petitioners  put  in 
their  claim  to  hold  Wakeswood  disafforested,  whereupon  all  further 
proceedings  ought  to  have  stayed  till  the  claim  had  been  tried. 
Nevertheless,  not  only  those  seven  acres  assarted  ( [but]  by  a  fur- 
ther mistake)  127  acres  of  Wakeswood  have  been  seized  into  the 
King's  hands.  Fines  also  were  set  at  the  Justice  Seat  aforesaid  for 
offences  committed  in  the  coppices  aforesaid,  viz.,  201.  for  the  offence 
of  one  Christmas  in  Derman  Coppice ;  IQl.  for  James  late  Earl  of 
Marlborough  in  Waiting  Yoake  Coppice ;  101.  for  the  offence  of 
William  Ashburnham  in  Nuthell  Coppice ;  10?.  for  his  offence  in 
Pound  Coppice  and  Ragg  Coppice  ;  40s.  in  Ewtree  Coppice ;  40s.  in 
Lowdes  Coppice;  40s.  in  Smonnell  Coppice  ;  and  lOl.  for  the  offence 
of  Thomas  Dowse  and  Arthur  Swain  in  the  Ridges,  and  all  the  said 
coppices  have  thereupon  been  seized  into  his  Majesty's  hands.  As 
Wakeswood  would  have  appeared  upon  trial  to  have  been  dis- 
afforested, and  not  at  all  liable  to  fine  or  seizure,  and  for  that  the 
seizure  thereof  has  been  made  contrary  to  the  order  of  the  Justice 
Seat,  and  upon  a  great  mistake  of  the  quantity,  and  for  that  the 
offences  done  in  the  coppices  of  Finkley  were  done  not  by  petitioners, 
but  long  before  they  had  any  interest  therein,  by  others  against 
whom  they  have  no  remedy,  they  pray  you  to  mitigate  those  fines, 
and  to  give  direction  to  Mr.  Keeling,  that  upon  payment  of  moderate 
fines  as  you  shall  now  assess,  those  seizures  may  be  discharged. 
[Copy.     See  Vol.  ccdxxxiv.,  p.  48.     \\  p.']     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  Mr.  Keeling  to  certify  the  true  state  of  the  fines 

mentioned  above.  1st  December  1G38.  [Copy.  Ibid., 
p.  49.     \  P-] 

II.  John  Keeling  to  Henry  Earl  of  Holland.     Upon  view  of  the 

Iter  rolls,  I  find  thatthe  fine  of  Thomas  Doivse  and  Arthur 
Swain,  expressed  in  the  petition  to  be  101.,  is  4>0l. ;  the 
rest  are  as  stated.  All  the  fines  are  imposed,  and  there- 
fore the  lands  are  all  seized  into  his  Majesty's  hands. 
The  offence  com/mitted  in  Walcesluood  was  only  in  seven 
acres  thereof,  but  Wakeswood  being  an  entire  thing  the 
whole  is  seized,  as  I  conceive  it  ought  to  be.  The  seizure 
of  Wakeswood  is  not  contrary  to  any  order  made  at  the 
Justice  Seat,  for  albeit  there  was  an  order  for  stay  of 
process  where  any  party  had  put  in  a  claim  to  discharge 
himself  of  any  fine,  yet  the  order  was  further,  that  when 
any  tenants  were  to  be  discharged  by  such  claim,  the 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  141 


1(338.  .  Vol.  CCCCIV, 

tenants'  naines  ware  to  he  expressed  upon  oath,  and  de- 
livered to  the  Clerk  of  the  Iter,  which  was  not  done  by  the 
petitioners,  and  the  claim  being  made  in  the  petitioners' 
names  I  could  not  stay  process  against  Noyes.  For  the 
seizures  of  the  rest  of  the  coppices  petitioners  only  allege 
that  the  offences  for  which  the  fines  are  set  vjere  covimitted 
before  petitionees  had  any  interest  therein.  {Copy.  See 
Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  50.     1  p^ 

III.  Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  John  Keeling.  The  petitioners 
having  failed  through  their  neglect  to  prosecute  their  claim, 
yet  the  pretence  of  the  said  claivu  still  remaining,  I  am 
content  to  mitigate  the  fines  set  upon  Robert  Noyes  to  51., 
petitioners  paying  the  same  to  the  Receiver  of  the  Iter, 
and  therefore  you  are  not  to  enter  the  seizure  upon  the 
roll.     iSth  March  1638[-9.     Copy.     Ibid.,  p.  51.     ^  p.] 

[Dec.  1  ?]  4.  Petition  of  Thomas  Infeild,  clerk,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Pe- 
titioner was  admitted  by  licence  from  your  Grace  to  serve  the  cure 
of  St.  Peter's  in  Artleborough  [Irthlingborough],  in  the  diocese  of 
Peterborough,  the  curate  being  lately  deceased,  who  (as  all  his  pre- 
decessors have  been)  was  licensed  by  the  Bishop.  Since,  William 
Crane,  clerk,  is  super-licensed  by  you  to  serve  the  same  cure  at  the 
nomination  of  Lord  Vaux,  you  not  remembering,  as  petitioner  be- 
lieves, that  petitioner  was  placed  to  be  curate  there.  Prays  the 
Archbishop  to  order  the  premises  as  shall  seem  fit.  [^  p.]  tinder- 
written, 

4.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  and  Dr.  Heath  to  hear  this 
difference  between  the  two  curates,  and  to  give  the  Arch- 
bishop an  account,  that  thereupon  final  order  may  be 
taken.     IQSS,  December  I,     [i  j5.] 

Dec.  1.  5.  Bishop  Bridgeman,  of  Chester,  to  the  same.     I  have  delivered 

Chester.  your  letter  to  our  dean  and  chapter  forbidding  them  to  let  any 
part  of  the  abbey  court  to  a  brewer  and  maltster  (see  Vol.  cccc.. 
No.  118).  I  owe  you  for  this  as  much  as  my  health  and  perhaps 
my  life  comes  to.  Ever  since  my  being  bishop  of  this  see,  wliich  is 
now  almost  20  years,  I  have  scarce  had  a  month's  health  together 
whilst  I  lived  at  Chester,  by  means  of  the  smoke  and  other  annoy- 
ances which  came  thereby.  Once  more  I  crave  your  advice  in  a 
business  which  more  nearly  concerns  the  public.  The  mayor  of 
Chester  and  his  brethren  have  discontinued  from  our  cathedral  ser- 
vice about  12  years  together  till  this  last  year,  when  an  ingenious 
merchant,  who  had  sometime  been  a  chorister  and  grammar  scholar 
of  our  church,  brake  that  schism,  and  came  diligently  to  our  choir 
every  Sunday,  and  there  continued  till  service  and  sermon  were 
ended.  But  he  sat  in  the  seat  on  the  south  side  of  the  choir  door 
over  against  the  dean's  seat,  as  all  his  predecessors  have  always 
done,  the  prebendaries  sitting  half  of  them  next  the  dean,  and  the 
other  half  next  the  mayor,  and  after  them  the  aldei-men  and  other 


142 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


1638. 


Dec.  1. 

Whitehall. 


Dec.  1. 
Burderop. 


Vol.  CCCCrV. 

gentlemen.  But,  on  a  sudden,  our  dean  commanded  the  sub-sextons 
to  keep  the  mayor  out  of  that  seat,  whereupon  he  and  his  successor 
have  since  abandoned  our  choir  service,  so  as  we  shall  have  scarce 
five  lay  persons  present  besides  the  consistory  and  my  family, 
whereas  formerly  the  whole  city  came  to  it.  It  is  such  an  unsea- 
sonable quarrel  for  these  times  (and,  as  I  hear,  is  taken  notice  of  in 
Scotland)  as  I  would  have  it  sopited,  if  you  thought  fit  to  write  to 
me  a  private  letter  signifying  that  you  hold  io  meet  that  the  mayor 
shall  sit  as  his  predecessors  have  ever  done,  until  upon  hearing  of 
both  sides  other  order  be  taken,  or  if  you  command  me  to  see 
things  ordered  as  may  prevent  confusion  I  will  be  accountable.  My 
aim  is  to  cast  water  on  that  fire  which  is  already  kindled,  or  least- 
wise that  none  may  get  a  stick  fi-om  this  place  to  increase  the  flame, 
our  citizens  being  too  sensible  of  that  punishment  which  they  justly 
received  for  Prynne's  entertainment.     [Seal  with  arms,     1  p.} 

Order  of  the  Lords  of  the  Admiralty  on  a  petition  of  the  widow 
and  nine  children  of  Eichard  Wyan,  his  Majesty's  late  proctor, 
deceased.  The  petition  showed  that  all  the  time  the  Admiralty 
remained  in  the  hands  of  his  Majesty  Wyan  was  employed 
by  the  Lords  as  his  Majesty's  proctor,  in  which  time  divers  sums 
accrued  to  his  Majesty  out  of  the  profits  of  the  Admiralty,  yet 
Wyan  never  received  rewards  for  his  service  therein,  save  only 
in  the  particular  business  of  the  Earl  of  Portland.  But  petitioners 
found  by  notes  of  his  that  he  intended  to  make  a  bill  of  fees  due  to 
him  from  his  Majesty  in  the  causes  wherein  he  was  employed,  as 
also  of  such  moneys  as  he  paid  to  the  Judge  of  the  Admiralty,  to 
whom  he  paid  fees  for  warrants,  commissions,  sentences,  and  the 
like  as  they  passed  in  his  Majesty's  causes,  but  he  being  taken  away 
before  he  had  perfected  that  account,  petitioners  are  unable  to  finish 
the  same,  yet  they  find  in  his  book  of  accounts  that  he  has  charged 
himself  with  1501.,  attached  in  the  hands  of  Thomas  Jennings,  of 
London,  merchant,  and  condemned  by  primum  decretum  to  his 
Majesty,  and  that  in  discharge  thereof  he  has  expressed  in  that 
book  that  by  his  account  to  his  Majesty,  and  for  a  journey  which  he 
made  to  Dover  for  his  Majesty's  service,  that  1501.  would  near  be 
balanced.  Petitioners  besought  the  Lords  to  give  the  executor  of 
Wyan  a  discharge  for  the  said  sum.  The  Lords  referred  it  to  Sir 
Henry  Marten  to  certify,  whether  by  any  acts  of  the  Court  of  Ad- 
miralty, or  otherwise,  any  money  belonging  to  his  Majesty  appears 
to  remain  in  the  hands  of  Wyan,  and  likewise  what  he,  in  the  time 
of  his  service,  as  proctor  in  that  court,  might  deserve.  [Copy.  See 
Vol.  cccliii.,  p.  110.     1  p.] 

6.  Sir  William  Galley  to  Eichard  Harvey.  I  purposed  to  have 
sent  you  some  brawn  ;  that  which  I  sent  Lord  Cottington  was  ofi"  a 
bought  boar,  and  our  own  boar  was  but  killed  this  week,  whereof 
I  mean  to  send  you  the  best  collars  when  they  shall  be  ready,  if  in 
the  meantime  I  can  get  no  better.  I  desire  much  to  have  the  books 
of  accounts  I  wrote  for  in  my  laat.     \Seal  with  arms.     |  p.] 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  143 


-^ggg  Vol.  CCCCrV. 

Dec.  1.  7.  Account  by  Sir  William  Eussell  of  ship-money  for  1637.   Total 

received,  159,686?.  18s.  Id. ;  remains,  36,727J.  9s.  7d.     [=  2  pp.'] 

Dec.  1.  8.  Account  of  ship-money  for  1637  remaining  in  hands  of  the 

sheriffs.  Total  2,850?.,  which  makes  the  total  collected  162,536L, 
less  by  22,155?.  than  was  received  the  2nd  December  1637.     [1  p.] 

Dec.  1.  9.  Exceptions  to  the  patent  granted  by  his  Majesty,  1st  December 

1638,  to  the  Master  Wardens  and  Commonalty  of  Cordwainers,  of 
the  penalties  and  forfeitures  limited  or  appointed  by  statutes 
18  Eliz.  cap.  9,  and  1  James,  cap.  22.     [3  pp.J 

Dec.  1.  10.  Indenture  between  Lawrence  Squibb  and  Robert  Squibb,  both 

of  London,  gentlemen,  and  Edward  Fryer,  of  London,  cardmaker, 
and  Margaret  Baxter,  of  London,  widow.  Fryer  having  declared 
his  willingness  to  give  over  the  trade  of  cardmaking,  Lawrence  and 
Robert  Squibb,  being  his  Majesty's  officers  for  cards  and  dice, 
covenant  to  pay  to  him  an  annuity  of  30f.  per  annum  for  his  life, 
and  if  the  said  Margaret  Baxter,  his  sister,  should  survive  him,  to 
pay  the  like  annuity  to  her,  after  Fryer's  decease,  for  her  life.  [30 
lines  on  parchment] 

Dec.  1.  11.  Brief  of  Mr.  Walker's  accounts  to  Archbishop  Laud,  from  the 

4th  August  1 637  to  this  day,  of  the  perquisites  of  the  Archbishop's 
jurisdiction  in  the  archdeaconry  of  Lincoln.  The  receipts  for  pro- 
curations of  the  clergy  were  148?.  18s.  2c?.;  the  fees  on  proof  of  wills, 
grants  of  administrations,  and  other  items  make  up  the  total  amount 
to  298?.  16s.  Id.     [1  p.  on  parchment] 

Dec.  2.  12.  Agreement  made  by  Sir  Robert  Carr,  at  Whitehall,  in  the 

presence  of  Archbishop  Laud,  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon,  and  the  Lord 
Privy  Seal.  The  lease  of  Lord  Willoughby,  Sir  Charles  Bowles,  and 
Thomas  Goodwin,  whereby  there  is  settled  for  the  maintenance  of 
Lady  Carr  800?.  per  annum  rent  in  money,  with  the  manor  house 
and  grounds  at  Sleaford,  valued  at  200?.  per  annum,  to  make  up 
1,000?.,  to  be  enlarged  for  30  or  40  years,  determinable  upon  Sir 
Robert  Carr's  death.  The  time  for  the  Lady's  absence  from  Sleaford 
House  to  be  enlarged  to  four  months,  and  to  be  accounted  after  Lady 
Day  next.  Power  to  be  given  to  two  or  three  persons  whom  tlie 
Lady  shall  nominate  to  sue  on  her  behalf  for  the  rent  of  800Z.  per 
annum,  in  case  the  same  be  not  duly  paid.  The  grounds  at  Sleaford 
to  be  managed  wholly  by  Lady  Carr.  The  stock  thereon  to  be  con- 
tinued untU  Lady  Day,  when  possession  is  to  be  given  to  Lady 
Carr.     [|  p.] 

Dec.  3.  Grant  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley  and  Bernard  his  son,  for  their  lives, 

of  the  office  of  Captain  of  the  castle  or  fort  near  Pljnnouth,  and  of 
St.  Nicholas'  Isle,  both  void  by  surrender  of  Arthur  Chichester,  with 
an  allowance  of  56s.  per  diem  for  the  maintenance  of  the  captain, 
soldiers,  and  officers  of  the  said  castle  and  island,     [Bocquei^ 


144  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  VOI..CCCCIV. 

Dec.  3.  The  King  to  Thomas  Hewett,  Sheriff  of  co.  Hertford.     Licence 

for  him  to  come  to  London  or  to  go  to  any  other  place  as  often  as 

he  shall  have  cause.     [^Docquef] 

Dec.  3.  13.  Petition  of  John  Eobinson,  Richard  Ward,  and  Christopher 

Dighton,  his  Majesty's  searchers  at  Gravesend,  to  the  King.  Pe- 
titioners have  the  moiety  of  all  gold  and  other  prohibited  goods 
there  seized  by  them.  Edward  Watkins,  the  searcher  of  London, 
having  nothing  to  do  with  searching  at  Gravesend,  upon  intelligence 
lately  given  him  made  a  seizure  of  gold  there,  and  pretending  that 
by  such  seizure  the  moiety  belonged  to  him,  preferred  an  information 
into  the  Exchequer  to  have  the  gold  adjudged  forfeit  ard  the  moiety 
delivered  to  him,  where  in  truth  the  same  wholly  appertained  to 
your  Majesty.  Whereof  the  court  being  informed  by  Mr.  Herbert, 
her  Majesty's  Attorney- General,  stay  was  made  of  entering  any 
judgment  for  the  searcher.  And  for  that  it  was  conceived  the  de- 
termination would  depend  upon  the  construction  of  the  patents  of 
petitioners  and  the  searcher  of  London,  the  cotirt  appointed  several 
days  for  bringing  in  their  patents,  at  all  which  days  petitioners 
attended.  But  the  searcher  of  London  always  failed,  and  in  the 
end  obtained  a  command  from  your  Majesty  to  the  Barons  to  forbear 
any  prosecution  there  until  the  next  term,  and  since  has  obtained 
some  reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer,  Chancellor  and  Barons  of  the 
Exchequer  and  Attorney-General,  but  does  not  prosecute  the  same. 
Beseech  the  same  reference.     [|  p.]     Undenuritten, 

13.  J.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Oottington,  who, 
calling  to  them  the  Lord  Chief  Baron  and  other  the 
Barons  of  the  Exchequer  and  the  Attorney-General,  are 
to  determine  the  business  or  certify  his  Majesty  ivhere  tJie 
impediment  lies.     Whitehall,  3rd  Becember  1638.     [Copy. 

Dec.  3.  Petition  of  George  Kirke,  "  your  Majesty's  ancientest  servant," 

to  the  same.  Your  Majesty,  when  Prince  of  Wales,  granted  to  Sir 
James  FuUerton  and  petitioner  some  lands  in  the  North,  but  after 
these  lands  were  granted,  the  Duke  of  Buckingham  became  a  suitor 
to  your  Majesty  for  the  same,  whereupon  your  Majesty  commanded 
us  to  resign  them,  which  we  did,  and  after  your  Majesty  granted 
them  to  the  said  Duke  and  gave  to  us  Gillingham  Forest,  the  said 
forest  being  in  the  custody  of  the  late  Lord  Steward,  the  Earl  of 
Pembroke.  There  could  be  no  deforestation  nor  petitioner  enjoy 
your  Majesty's  grant  till  the  said  Earl  had  satisfaction  of  3,000L  for 
his  interest,  your  Majesty  promising  to  pay  the  3,000?.,  to  the  end 
that  it  might  be  as  free  a  gift  as  the  former.  Your  Majesty,  since 
the  death  of  Sir  James  Fullerton,  in  consideration  of  2,000?.  of  the 
3,000?.,  has  granted  in  fee-farm  unto  the  now  Lord  Elgin  and  his 
mother,  the  wife  of  the  said  Sir  James  Fullerton,  that  part  being 
two  of  three  parts  formerly  granted  by  lease  for  41  years.  Petitioner 
prays  a  grant  of  his  part  in  fee-farm  which  he  has  yet  in  lease  for 
36  or  37  years,  it  being  but  800  acres,  in  consideration  of  1,000?. 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  145 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

that  he  disbursed  to  the  said  Lord  Steward,  which  1,OOOZ.  your 
Majesty  promised  to  repay,  and  sent  the  now  Lord  Dorset  to  the 
late  Lord  Treasurer  with  a  command  to  that  effect.  \G(ypy.  See 
Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  4.     f  j).]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  to  inform  himself  of  the 
justice  of  this  debt,  and  finding  it  due  to  certify  whether 
it  will  be  more  for  his  Majesty's  advantage  to  pay  the 
said  IfiOOl.,  or  to  grant  petitioner  the  fee  farm  of  the 
lands  desired.  Whitehall,  3rd  December  1638.  l_Gopy. 
Ibid,    i  p.] 

Dec.  3.  14.     Petition  of  James  Maxwell,   Thomas  Lewyn,    [and]   John 

Sanderson,  coachmen,  to  the  King.  His  Majesty  has  referred  to 
Sec.  Windebank  and  the  Attorney-General  some  late  requests  of  the 
town  of  HuU,  as  concerning  his  Majesty's  castle  and  blockhouses 
there,  and  certain  lands  allowed  the  town  for  maintaining  thereof. 
Petitioners  have,  for  his  Majesty's  service,  brought  a  cause  against 
the  said  town  concerning  the  said  castle  and  blockhouses  to  such 
ripeness  as  that  having  been  formerly  heard  in  part,  upon  the 
further  next  hearing  it  is  conceived  the  said  town  will  be  at  your 
Majesty's  mercy,  both  for  a  good  fine  for  abuse  of  the  trust  reposed 
in  them  concerniag  the  said  castle  and  blockhouses,  and  also  for  the 
said  lands  and  otherwise.  Petitioners  conceive  that  by  such  his 
Majesty's  reference  the  town  would  gain  longer  time  from  coming 
to  a  concluding  hearing,  which  they  dechne  out  of  a  consciouness  of 
the  matter  laid  to  their  charge,  especially  if  it  should  fall  out  that 
the  referees  being  but  two  should  not  suddenly  meet,  by  reason  of 
Sec.  Windebank's  great  occasions.  Pray  his  Majesty  to  joia  others 
to  the  former  two,  and  that  any  two  of  them,  the  Attorney-General, 
who  knows  the  whole  business,  being  one,  may  speed  the  same. 
[Copy,     f  p.]     Underwritten, 

14.  I.  Reference  to  the,  Earl  of  Dorset  and  Sec.  Windebank,  who, 
calling  io  their  assistance  the  Attorney-General  and 
Mr.  Herbert,  are  to  certify  the  true  state  of  the  business. 
Whitehall,  2rd  December  1638.     \_Copy.     \  p.] 

Dee.  3.  Nicholas   to   William  Earl  of  Exeter.      The  mayor  of  Newark 

having  signified  that  having  demanded  of  the  Earl's  servants 
3L  6s.  %d.,  assessed  on  the  Earl  in  that  town  towards  ship-money, 
was  answered  that  the  Earl  would  pay  the  same  in  London,  as  he 
did  last  year.  Prays  the  Earl  to  order  the  same  to  be  paid  to  the 
mayor,  who  only  can  give  discharge,  and  which  will  be  an  induce- 
ment to  others  of  that  town  to  pay  their  assessments.  [  Underwritten 
is  a  note  that  the  lihe  letter  was  sent  to  the  Earl  of  Berkshire  for 
payment  of  61.  13s.  4d  Copy.  See  Nicholas's  Letter  Book,  Dom. 
James  I.  Vol.  ccxix.,  p.  173.] 

Dec.  3.  15.  Petition  of  Leonard  Vow  to  the  Council.      Kenelm  Cooke 

having  given  evidence   against  petitioner  for  depopulation,   com- 
plaiaad  that  petitioner,  in  revenge,  brought  divers  suits  against  him 
13.  K 


146  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 
16S8. 

to  his  undoing,  and  thereupon  procured  petitioner  to  be  committed. 
But  afterwards  the  Lords  being  certified  of  the  truth,  released 
petitioner,  and  now  Cooke  upon  the  same  pretence,  and  that  peti- 
tioner has  since  caused  Cooke  to  be  indicted  for  a  common  barretor, 
has  obtained  some  order  for  petitioner  to  pay  him  51.  charges,  which 
indictment  petitioner  confesses  to  be  caused  by  him  and  other  neigh- 
bours in  respect  of  Cooke's  ill  carriage  towards  the  townsmen  in 
general ;  and  concerning  the  pretended  suits,  the  truth  may  appear 
by  the  affidavit  annexed.  Prays  that  if  the  Lords  be  not  satisfied 
to  discharge  petitioner,  that  then  they  would  refer  the  examination 
to  Sir  John  Lambe  and  William  Halford,  justices  of  peace  near 
adjoining,  to  whom  Cooke  is  well  known,  and  upon  their  certificate 
petitioner  will  be  ready  to  perform  the  censure  of  the  Lords.  [^  p.^ 
Annexed, 

15.  I.  Affidavit  of  John  Wells,  of  Middleton,  eo.  Northampton, 
attorney  for  Leonard  Vow.  Vow  has  not  prosecuted  any 
suit  against  Kenelm  GooJce  since  Cooke  gave  evidence 
against  Vow  for  depopulation,  save  one  suit  im,  the  Court 
of  Requests,  commenced  before  against  one  Cray  and 
Cooke,  concerning  a  bond  upon  which  Gray  sued  Vow  by 
Coohe's  instigation,  which  suit  is  now  ready  for  heari/tig, 
and  save  also  an  indictment  which  Vow  and  other  towns- 
men preferred  at  the  last  assizes  agaimst  CooJce  as  a 
common  barretor.    Sworn  this  day.     [f  p.l 

15.  II.  Offixe    copy  of  indictment    against   Kenehn  CooJce,  of 

Halloughton,  co.  Leicester,  for  that  he  is  a  common 
barretor  and  disturber  of  the  peace  and  soiver  of  litigation 
among  his  neighbours.  The  prosecutors  were  William 
Smyth,  Willia/m  Goodman,  and  Leonard  Vow.  It  was 
found  a  true  bill,    \Lati/n,.     1  j5.j 

[Dec.  3?]  16.  Another  petition  of  the  same  to  the  same.  Petitioner  being 
lately  committed  to  the  Fleet  upon  the  suggestion  of  Kenelm  Cooke, 
and  afterwards  released  as  above  stated,  Cooke  still  presses  the 
matter  against  petitioner,  and  you  have  ordered  him  to  pay  51. 
Petitioner  prays  them  to  be  certified  of  the  life  and  condition  of 
Cooke,  under  the  hands  of  the  parson  and  best  of  the  inhabitants  of 
Halloughton,  and  of  the  justices  and  near  neighbours,  and  to  take 
the  same  into  considej-ation.     [^  p^     Underwritten, 

16.  I,  Five  statements  respecting  Kenelm  Cooke,  describing  him 

as  a  person  of  no  worth  or  credit,  a  liaunter  of  alehouses 
and  idle  company,  a  seditious  fellow,  and  a  scandalous 
and  opprobrious  fellow  against  his  betters,  subscribed  by 
Sir  John  Bale,  Sir  Richa/i'd  Roberts,  Sir  John  Lambe, 
And/rew  Butler,  rector,  and  eleven  pthers.    [J  p."] 

Dec.  3.         17.  Officers  of  Ordnance  to  Mountjoy  Earl  of  Newport.     Have 

Office  of      treated  with  the  gunmakers  for  making  1,000  carbines  with  snap- 

haunce  locks,  but  cannot  draw  them  to  a  lower  rate  than  20s.  a  piece, 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  147 


lg38_  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

being  furnished  with  belts,  swivels,  worms  and  sconrers,  and  arming, 
the  stock  to  be  made  2^  foot  long,  and  of  the  bore  of  24  bullets  to 
the  pound  rolHng.  Besides  the  flask,  which  they  afiirm  was  rejected 
by  Sir  Jacob  Astley,  in  respect  of  another  invention  for  the  charge 
of  the  carbines  which  by  him  was  conceived  more  proper,  for  which 
they  demand  2s.  a  piece  more,  according  to  which  the  1,000  carbines 
will  amount  to  1,100L     [f  ^.]     Enclosed, 

17.  I.  Particulars  of  the  several  items  of  charge  for  the  snap- 

haunce  carbine,  signed  by  ten  gunmdkers.     3rd  December 
1638.     [1  ^.] 

Dec.  3.  18.  Petition  of  WUliam  Garrett,  stationer,  to  Archbishop  Laud. 

Suppliant  preferred  a  petition  to  the  Archbishop,  declaring  that 
William  Sheires  had  printed  the  book  named  "  A  Pattern  of  Cate- 
chistical  doctriue,"  with  petitioner's  name  in  the  title,  as  if  he  had 
done  it.  The  Archbishop  referred  the  cause  to  Sir  John  Lambe, 
and  to  give  order  the  books  should  be  seized.  Petitioner  hears  that 
divers  others  have  shares  in  the  book,  that  they  vend  them  at  greater 
rates  since  his  Grace's  prohibition,  and  that  they  will  not  only  be 
very  great  gainers  for  the  present,  but  [will  re-]print  the  book  as 
often  as  they  please,  and  still  use  petitioner's  name  in  the  title. 
[■I  p.]     Underwritten, 

18.  I.  Referred  to  Sir  John  Lambe  to  take  special  care  of  the 

business,  and  let  the  Archbishop  have  an  account  of  it. 
1638,  December  3.     [^  p.] 

Dec.  3.  1 9.  Eeceipt  of  Archbishop  Laud  for  3lZ.  10s.  paid  by  Sir  John 

Lambe,  being  three  half-years  "  prestation  money,"  due  29th  Sep- 
tember last  from  Dr.  Holdsworth,  archdeacon  of  Huntingdon,  by 
reason  of  the  suspension  of  Bishop  Williams  of  Lincoln.     [^  p^ 

Dec.  3.  20.  Petition  of  Rice  Thomas  to  Archbishop  Laud.     Petitioner,  by 

many  feigned  actions  brought  against  him  by  divers  persons  who 
endeavour  his  undoing,  has  had  all  his  cattle  and.  other  personal 
estate  taken  from  him.  And  because  petitioner  may  be  utterly 
"  enabled  "  to  make  his  just  defence  in  the  said  actions,  the  depiity 
chancellor  of  the  diocese  of  Llandaff,  who  takes  part  against  peti- 
tioner, has  pronounced  sentence  of  excommunication  upon  him. 
Prays  inhibition  with  absolution,  and  that  petitioner  may  be  admitted 
to  sue  in  formd  pauperis,  according  to  an  admittance  stated  to  be 
annexed,     [f  ^.]     Underwritten, 

20.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  and  Dr.  Owynne,  to  give 
the  poor  onan  such  direction  as  they  shall  find  fitting. 
December  Srd,  16S8.     [^  p.] 

Dec.  3.  21.  Dr.  David  Stokes  to  Sec.  Windebank,     J.  Woodson  aims  at 

Windsor.     Mr.  Baker's  place.     Believes  him  competent  to  transact  the  college 

business,  from  his  experience  m  the  Signet  Office  and  under  two 

judges.     But  his  desire  goes  to  a  grant  in  reversion.     The  writer 

has  not  heard  of  any  place  in  the  choice  of  the  dean  and  canons  that 

k2 


148  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  ^'^-  ^^^^^^- 

has  been  so  granted.  Thinks  they  can  do  so,  and  would,  if  Mr.  Baker 
would  appear  in  it.  Advises  in  what  way  to  proceed  to  win  over 
the  dean  and  the  rest  of  the  chapter.  P.S. — Mr.  Baker  is  now 
healthy,  and  having  overcome  his  quartan,  is  likely  to  afford 
J.  W[oodson]  time  for  his  suit.     [2^^.] 

Dec.  3.  22.  Calculations  by  Nicholas,  concerning  the  quantities  and  cost 

of  the  supply  of  provisions  (wheat  and  cheese),  and  ammunition  for 
an  army  of  24,000.     [=  1  p.} 

Dec.  4.  Warrant  to  Anthony  Roper  for  preservation  of  game  within  his 

Majesty's  honor  of  Eltham,  Kent.     [Bocquet.] 

Dec.  4.  A  like  to  pay  to  Thomas  Baldwin,  comptroller  of  his  Majesty's 

works  200L,  to  be  disbursed  in  the  repair  of  bridges  over  the  Lea 
and  divers  other  places  thereabouts.     [_I)ocquet.'] 

Dec.  4.  A  like  to  pay  to  Henry  Wickes,  paymaster  of  works,  800L,  to  be 

expended  for  making  bricks  against  next  spring  for  his  Majesty's 
service.     [Bocquet.'] 

Dec.  4.  A  like  to  the  judges   of  the  court  of  Common  Pleas  to  admit 

Henry  Chester,  son  of  Sir  Anthony  Chester,  being  but  13  years  old, 
by  his  guardian,  to  levy  a  fine  of  his  manors  and  lands  in  Chicheley, 
Nortii  Crawley,  Sherrington,  and  Emberton,  co.  Buckingham,  to 
enable  Sir  Anthony  to  make  a  lease  of  the  same  for  21  years, 
whereby  to  pay  his  debts  of  2,500L,  and  to  raise  portions  for  his 
seven  younger  children.     l_Docquet.'] 

Dec.  4.  Grant  that  for  the  government  of  Salisbury  the  bishop  of  that 

see,  the  dean  and  canons  residentiary,  the  chancellor,  and  the 
mayor,  recorder,  and  two  aldermen  of  the  city,  be  justices  of  peace, 
and  that  they  may  hold  sessions,  the  justices  of  Wiltshire  being 
excluded  from  any  jurisdiction  within  the  city,  with  various  other 
minute  regulations.     IDocquef] 

Dec.  4.  23.  Sir  William  Becher  and  Edward  Nicholas   to  the  Council. 

According  to  your  reference  of  7th  July  1637,  upon  complaint  of 
Martha  Harpur  against  William  Ward,  concerning  money  claimed 
to  be  due  by  Mrs.  Harpur,  in  discharge  whereof  Ward  produced  to 
us  a  decree  in  the  Exchequer  dated  8th  May  1637.  But  in  regard 
it  was  insisted  upon  by  Mrs.  Harpur  that  the  decree  was  obtained 
by  the  uncertainty  of  the  deposition  of  Robert  Howell,  it  was  agreed 
by  both  parties  that  they  would  stand  by  the  oath  of  Howell  to 
two  points,  wherein  the  uncertainty  was  alleged  to  consist,  to  both 
which  Howell  has  sworn  directly  against  Mrs.  Harpur,  so  as  it 
appears  unto  us  there  is  nothing  due  unto  her,  neither  could  we  draw 
Ward  to  give  her  anything,  in  regard,  as  he  alleges,  she  has  put  him 
to  extraordinary  trouble  and  charge,     [f  p.^     Annexed, 

23.  r.  Order  of  Council.  The  complaint  of  Mrs.  Harpur  to  be 
dismissed,  andj  Ward  to  he  no  fuHher  troubled  concerning 
the  business.  Star  Chamber,  2Bth  January  1638-9. 
[Draft.     1  p.] 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  149 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


Dec.  i.  24.  Copy  Act  of  the  General  Assembly  of  the  Kirk  of  Scotland. 

The  commissioners  of  Edinburgh  having  received  letters  from  the 
council  of  Edinburgh,  anent  the  troubles  likely  to  arise  betwixt  the 
people  and  some  of  their  ministers  who  had  read  the  service  book, 
railed  against  the  people,  and  protested  against  this  assembly, 
namely,  James  Hanna,  Alexander  Thomson,  and  David  Fletcher,  the 
assembly  suspends  them  from  all  functions  of  the  ministry,  and  gives 
power  to  Alexander  Henderson,  John  Ker,  Andrew  Blackhall,  James 
Fleming,  John  Oswald,  James  Porteous,  Eobert  Dowglas,  Richard 
Dickson,  James  Simpson,  Eobert  Cranstoun,  Frederick  Carmichael, 
and  to  the  lairds  of  Auldbar,  Wauchton,  sheriiF  of  Teviotdale,  com- 
missioners of  bm'ghs,  James  Gray,  and  Eobert  Cunningham,  to 
proceed  against  the  said  ministers  with  the  sentence  of  deprivation, 
with  power  to  transplant  ministers  from  other  places  into  their 
rooms,  and  fully  to  settle  the  ministry  of  the  kirks  of  Edinburgh. 
And  seeing  the  town  of  Edinburgh  complained  also  of  Dr.  Eliot  for 
reading  the  service  book,  and  his  inability  to  edify  that  people,  for 
reasons  which  they  shall  give  in,  the  assembly  referred  the  same  to 
the  said  commissioners,  with  power  to  transplant  Dr.  Eliot  or  censure 
him.  The  assembly  also  finds  William  Wischert,  parson  of  Leith, 
worthy  of  deprivation  for  declining  the  general  assembly,  and  mani- 
fold crimes  proven  before  the  presbytery  of  Edinburgh,  suspends 
him  from  the  ministry,  and  refers  to  the  said  commissioners 
the  sentence  of  his  deprivation   and  the   plantation   of  his  kirk. 

Dec.  5.  Eoyal  assent  for  Dr.  Towers,  Dean  of  Peterborough,  to  be  bishop 

of  that  see.     [Docquet.'] 

Dec.  5.  25.  Petition  of  Thomas  Grantham,  Sherifi"  of  co.  Lincoln,  to  the 

King.  Petitioner's  house  being  St.  Katherine's,  situated  near  Lin- 
coln, and  conceived  to  stand  within  the  precincts  of  the  city,  there 
is  a  clause  contained  in  petitioner's  oath  of  sheriff  that  during  the 
time  of  office  he  shall  be  inhabiting  within  his  bailiwick,  unless  his 
Majesty  license  the  contrary.  Prays  that,  in  regard  his  house  stands 
most  convenient  for  the  execution  of  his  office,  his  Majesty  will 
give  the  required  licence,     [f  p.J     Underwritten, 

25.  I.  HisMajesty  dispenses  with  the  petitioner  in  this  particular, 
and  licenses  him  to  reside  at  his  said  house.  Whitehall, 
5th  December  1638.     [Copy.    ^  p.] 

Dec.  5.  26.    Notes   by   Nicholas   of  proceedings   this   day,  and   on   the 

7th  inst.,  in  a  cause  of  Capt.  [Walter]  Stewart  and  Signor  [John] 
Nicholas  [de]  Franchi  [or  Franqui].  This  day  the  Lord  Keeper, 
upon  perusal  of  some  precedents  of  commissions  of  review,  granted 
formerl}''  in  admiralty  causes,  declared  that  two  of  the  prece- 
dents produced  by  Capt.  Stewart's  counsel  were  full  to  the  point, 
one  granted  in  Queen  Elizabeth's  time,  the  other  in  his  present  Ma- 
jesty's, in  the  case  of  Carpenter  and  Aldenberg.  It  was  ordered  that 
the  said  precedents  should  be  shown  by  Capt.  Stewart's  counsel 
to  the  counsel  of  Signor  Nich[olas  de]  Franchi,  who  was  to  show 


150 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Dec.  5. 


Dec.  5. 


Dec.  6. 

Vale  Koyal. 


Dec.  6. 

Whitehall. 


Dec.  6. 

Poxleis 
[Foxley's.] 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

cause  why  the  like  favour  might  not  be  granted  by  his  Majesty 
in  this  case  to  Capt.  Stewart.     [1 J  p.] 

27.  Robert  Bevis  to  Nicholas.  The  three  barrels  oT  powder  which 
Maperley  complains  of  are  challenged  by  Lambert  Peachey,  of 
Gosport.  The  six  hogsheads  brought  into  his  Majesty's  store  in 
April  last  by  one  Pinder,  living  in  Water  Lane,  a  waiter  belonging 
to  the  Custom  House,  are  claimed  by  Mr.  Cockcroft,  of  Coleman 
Street,  merchant,     [-g-  p.] 

Memorandum  by  Nicholas.  Mr.  Bevis  says  that  Peachey  was, 
about  half  a  year  since,  with  the  officers  of  the  Ordnance,  for  this 
powder,  but  Bevis  has  the  same  still  in  his  custody.  He  conceives 
it  to  be  English  powder.  Bevis  further  says  that  Maperley  seized, 
about  half  a  year  since,  six  hogsheads  of  foreign  powder,  which  is  in 
Bevis's  hands;  it  is  bad  powder.     [/See  Vol.  ccccii.,  No.  41.     I  p.] 

28.  Thomas  Cholmondeley,  late  sheriff  of  co.  Chester,  to  the  Council. 
By  letter  from  the  Lords  of  30th  November  last,  I  am  commanded 
to  pay  in  an  arrear  of  20Z.,  alleged  to  be  behind  of  the  ship-money 
in  the  time  of  my  sheriffalty.  The  money  assessed  upon  the  county 
and  city  was  3,000Z.,  whereof  2601.  was  proportioned  upon  the  city, 
and  2,740^^.  upon  the  county.  This  assessment  upon  the  city  was 
undertaken  by  the  mayor  and  aldermen,  neither  were  they  willing 
to  pay  the  same  to  me,  so  that,  addressing  myself  to  my  own  charge, 
I  have  paid  in  the  2,740Z.  to  Sir  William  Russell.  Since  which  time 
I  have  also  restored  to  the  country  the  surplusage  of  my  assessment 
to  the  satisfaction  of  the  county,  and  such  as  were  poor  or  thought 
themselves  overcharged.  There  is  not  one  penny  of  my  assessment 
behind  unpaid ;  if  there  be  any  arrear  it  is  by  the  mayor  and  alder- 
men of  Chester,  on  whom  I  have  no  distress,  and  it  would  raise  new 
trouble  if  I  had  invaded  their  challenged  liberties  to  collect  their 
own  moneys.  I  have  advertised  the  mayor  and  aldermen  of  the 
arrear,  and  his  Majesty's  expectation  that  it  should  be  paid.  [^Seal 
with  crest.     1  p.] 

29.  Sec.  Windebank  to  all  Justices  of  Peace,  Mayors,  and  others. 
His  Majesty  has  given  licence  to  Capt.  Alexander  Erskine  to  levy 
500  men,  and  transport  them  into  France,  for  recruiting  the  English 
regiments  serving  there.  You  are  to  suffer  the  captain  to  levy  the 
said  men,  and  from  time  to  time  to  transport  the  same.  P.S. — Upon 
transportation  of  any  of  these  men,  the  officers  of  the  port  where 
they  embark  shall  forthwith  certify  the  same  to  me,  that  it  may  be 
known  when  the  500  shall  be  completed.     [1  p.] 

30.  Anne  Lady  Sandys  to  Sec.  Windebank.  A  malicious  feUow, 
William  Stebbin,  of  Windsor,  of  late  has  often  threatened  me,  and 
vows  that  I  shall  never  be  free  from  suits  while  I  live,  unless  I  will 
purchase  my  peace  of  him.  He  has  caused  me  to  be  indicted  at 
Hicks's  Hall  upon  the  statute  of  23  Elizabeth,  for  not  going  to  church 
once  a  month.  Having  notice  of  the  indictment,  I  removed  it  into 
the  King's  Bench,  where  he  continues  his  malicious  prosecution,  and 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  161 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

will  force  me  to  trial  unless  T  compound  with  him.  My  suit  is  that 
you  would,  on  behalf  of  your  poor,  decrepit,  bedridden  acquaintance, 
make  use  of  your  power  with  the  judges  or  favour  with  the  King, 
that  I  may  go  in  peace  to  my  grave.     [1  p.']     Annexed, 

30.  I.  Memorandu'iTi  by  Lord  Cottington.  It  seems  she  is  not 
convicted,  else  she  might  coTnpound  with  the  commissioners. 
Tour  way  now  is  to  speak  with  Lord  Bramston  or  the 
Attorney-General  to  know  how  she  may  be  relieved,  for  the 
infoTvner  indicts  her  for  recusancy.     [7  lines.'] 

30.  II.  The  like  by  Sec.  Windebank  She  is  a  very  old  bedrid 
womun,  above  fourscore,  and  cannot  live  a  year,  so  what 
composition  she  can  make  can  be  of  no  great  consideration, 
and  it  were  fit  the  poor  creature  might  be  quiet.   [5  lines.] 

Dec.  6.  31.  Henry  Lord  Clifford  to  See.  Windebank.  I  received  your  packet 

Londesborough.  of  the  3rd  inst.,  and  sent  away  the  warrants  to  William  Mansor, 
my  father's  undersheriff  of  Westmorland,  to  apprehend  the  party, 
and  to  call  in  the  witnesses,  and  crave  the  assistance  of  the  next 
justice,  the  place  being  60  miles  distant,  and  not  knowing  in  which 
county  the  parties  have  their  being.  He  will  observe  his  directions, 
and  send  up  the  men  with  all  possible  speed,  for  he  is  an  honest 
man,  and  one  that  will  do  the  business.  P.S. — When  you  next  see 
the  Earl  of  SaKsbury,  let  him  know  that  his  sister  and  his  servants 
are  very  well.     [1  p.] 

Dec.  6.  32.  William  Earl  of  Exeter  to  Nicholas.     Concerning  the  mayor 

St.  John's,  of  Newark's  complaint  of  me  for  denying  to  pay  SI.  6s.  8d.,  assessed 
[  er  enwe  .J  ^p^^  jj^g  for  ship-money,  my  answer  is  that  my  house  is  not  of  that 
town,  nor  have  I  any  land  within  their  liberties  for  which  they  ought 
to  assess  me,  nor  have  I  ever  paid  any  subsidy  or  other  charge  with 
the  town,  but  ever  with  the  county,  save  once,  long  ago,  I  paid  a 
subsidy  with  the  town,  and  was  forced  to  pay  it  over  again  to  the 
sheriff.  I  gave  order  to  my  officers  to  pay  the  ship-money  to  the 
sheriff,  and  they  have  accordingly  paid  it ;  and  if  the  last  year's 
assessment  be  not  paid  the  same  way,  it  is  more  than  I  know  or 
desire,  and  I  will  give  order  forthwith  for  paying  it.  But  this  com- 
plaint proceeds  only  out  of  their  desire  to  draw  me  into  their  juris- 
diction for  their  own  ease,  which  I  hope  the  Lords  will  not  hearken 
unto.  P.S. — This  is  in  no  way  to  ease  myself,  for  I  am  assessed 
more  by  the  sheriff  than  by  the  mayor.  [^Seal  with  crest  within  the 
garter.     1  p.] 

Dec.  6.  33.  Thomas  Smith  to  Sir  John  Pennington.     I  have  now  paid  off 

Queen  Street,  almost  all  the  convoy  money,  and  among  the  rest  Sir  Henrjr  Main- 
waring,  of  whom  I  demanded  what  appertains  to  you,  and  showed 
him  the  note  he  had  signed,  which  he  acknowledged,  but  made  such 
a  lamentation  of  the  poverty  of  his  present  state,  that  I,  who  had 
before  received  command  from  my  Lord  not  to  stop  any  man's  money 
without  the  parties  consent,  could  not  possibly  serve  you  ;  but  he 
has  made  strong  vows  to  give  you  speedy  satisfaction,  as  by  letter 


152  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 
1638. 

stated  to  be  enclosed,  and  howsoever  he  may  fail,  if  we  live  next 
yeai- 1  will  direct  you  a  course  how  you  may  be  satisfied.  Capt. 
Price  paid  his  201.  very  readily,  so  that  I  have  now  in  my  hand  of 
yours  1701-  For  those  captains  that  are  with  you  I  have  their 
money,  to  wit,  Capt.  Fogg,  751. ;  Capt.  Seaman,  551.;  Capt.  Fox, 
45?. ;  Mr.  Wheeler,  301. ;  and  Mr.  Woolward,  SOI.  I  have  likewise 
for  Mr.  White,  201.  My  brother  Percival  had  501.  and  his  man  201. 
Acquaint  the  captaius  and  your  master  what  I  have  for  them.  I 
thought  it  would  have  amounted  to  more,  and  so  it  would  had  not 
his  Lordship  disposed  of  200?.  to  some  that  are  no  captains,  but  not 
one  penny  to  myself  nor  to  any  of  his  own  household.  Some  two 
days  ago  Sir  James  Hamilton  came  from  Scotland,  and  says  things 
are  in  great  disorder  among  themselves  there,  there  beiug  one  party 
for  the  King  and  another  for  the  covenant,  but  generally  all  the  com- 
mon sort  have  so  exhausted  themselves  with  making  provision  for 
war,  that  they  want  money  to  buy  bread,  insomuch  that,  though  the 
heads  of  the  army  would  be  content  to  be  quiet,  yet  the  body  will 
not  suffer  them,  out  of  hope  to  repair  their  necessity  in  a  more 
abundant  country.  He  says  the  Marquis  is  retired  to  Newcastle, 
which  is  an  ill  sign  ;  the  business  he  came  about  was  urgent,  for  he 
returned  within  two  days.  The  Council  of  War  sits  daily  at  White- 
hall, but  things  are  carried  with  such  privacy  that  I  can  teU  you 
nothing  save  that  Mr.  Comptroller  is  made  Treasurer  of  the  Army. 
'[Seal  with  arms.     2f  _pp.] 

Dec.  6.  34.  Petition  of  Robert  Cade,  clerk,  to  Archbishop  Laud.     Has 

lately  petitioned  in  the  High  Commission  Court  for  remitting  40Z. 
costs,  taxed  to  Ezekiel  Wright,  clerk,  in  a  cause  wherein  petitioner 
was  evicted,  and  Wright  obtained  a  parsonage  worth  200?.  per 
annum,  in  which  cause  Wright  spent,  not  by  means  of  petitioner, 
40s.  Petitioner  is  informed  that  after  costs  taxed  regularly  they 
are  not  to  be  dissolved,  and  yet,  by  reason  of  very  small  means 
and  many  children,  he  is  utterly  unable  to  pay  the  same.  Begs  the 
Archbishop  to  desire  Wright  to  remit  the  costs.  [|^  jj.]  Under- 
written, 

34.  I.  William  Dell  to  Sir  John  Lamhe.  Pray  consider  the  poor 
Tnan's  case,  and  he  a  means  to  further  his  desires.  1638. 
December  6th.    [^  p.J 

Dec.  6.  35.  Final  sentence  in  the  High  Commission  in  a  cause  against 

John  Blundell,  of  Bletchingley,  Surrey.  Defendant  being  called, 
appeared  not,  wherefore  he  was  ordered  to  be  attached.  It  appeared 
that  on  Whitsunday,  he  being  a  special  bailiff,  and  having  a  warrant 
to  arrest  Eobert  Betts,  about  a  quarter  of  an  hour  after  evening 
prayer  he  arrested  the  said  Betts  in  the  churchyard  of  Bletchino'ley, 
and  upon  some  struggling  rent  a  skirt  in  the  said  Betts's  doublet, 
and  further,  that  on  Easter  day  last,  within  the  church  of  Bletchingley, 
Blundell  in  a  saucy  and  scornful  manner  desired  Mr.  Hampton,  the 
rector,  to  make  him  a  churchwarden  of  the  parish,  for  that  it  was  a 
gainful  place.    It  appearing  that  by  these  facts  Blundell  had  violated 


DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I.  153 


1033  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

the  liberties  of  Holy  Church  and  consecrated  ground,  and  had  scoffed 
at  the  office  of  churchwarden,  he  was  enjoined  to  make  a  public  sub- 
mission in  his  parish  church,  and  was  condemned  in  costs  of  suit ; 
and  inasmuch  as  three  of  the  commissioners  who  had  the  leading 
votes  in  their  places  fined  Blundell  SOI.,  and  three  others,  whereof 
the  Dean  of  the  Arches  was  one  and  the  principal  commissioner  for 
the  day,  fined  him  501.,  it  was  ordered  that  the  determination  of  his 
fine  should  rest  until  the  day  of  mitigation  at  the  end  of  Hilary 
term.     [2J  pp."] 

Dec.  7.  The  King  to  the  Lord  Mayor  of  London  and  Court  of  Aldermen, 

sigTiifying  his  pleasure  that  they  admit  the  Company  of  Distillers  of 
London  with  all  accustomed  immunities,  and  settle  them  in  the 
government  of  their  trade.     [Pocquef] 

Dec.  7.  Note   by   Nicholas   of   proceedings    before   the   Council  in  the 

cause  of  Captain  [Walter]  Stewart  versus  Signer  [John]  Nicholas 
[de]  Franchi.  Defendant's  counsel  was  heard,  and  also  the 
said  Franchi,  who  prayed  that  the  sum  in  question  might  be 
•  deposited  before  the  Lords  gave  way  to  a  commission  of  re- 
view. The  Lords  having  taken  into  consideration  his  request, 
and,  to  the  end  they  might  rightly  understand  the  same,  having 
called  in  first  his  counsel  and  then  Franchi,  and  demanded  of  him 
whether  he  would  be  content,  provided  the  money  were  deposited  in 
the  Admiralty  Court,  that  a  commission  of  review  should  be  granted 
to  Capt.  Stewart.  He  declared  that  upon  such  condition  he  was 
content,  so  as  all  the  proceedings  upon  the  said  commission  might 
be  upon  the  same  allegation  and  proofs  as  formerly.  And  his  counsel 
moved  that  there  might  be  no  witnesses  examined  in  Spain,  but 
that  certificates  only  might  be  produced.  To  which  the  Lords 
replied,  that  the  order  of  what  shall  be  allowed  or  disallowed  for 
proof  would  rest  in  the  commissioners  that  should  be  appointed  by 
his  Majesty  to  review  the  said  cause.     ['&e  this  volume,  iVo.  26.] 

Dec.  7.  Commissioners  for  Gunpowder  to  the  Master  of  the   Ordnance, 

WhitehalL  Warrant  to  deliver  to  persons  to  be  appointed  by  the  Earl  of  Exeter 
six  barrels  of  gunpowder  at  18d.  per  pound,  for  replenishing  the 
magazine  of  co.  Northampton.  [Minute  Boole  of  Warrants  for  Gun- 
powder.   See  Vol.  ccclv.  No.  61,  p.  17.     ip.] 

Dec.  8.  Grant  to  Maurice  Abbott  and  Edward  Abbott,  for  their  lives, 

with  survivorship,  of  the  office  of  collector  of  impositions  upon  lawns, 
cambrics,  and  silks  landed  in  the  port  of  London,  with  the  annual 
fee  of  IhOl.,  upon  surrender  of  Edward  Fenn  and  John  Lloyd. 
{Docquet^ 

Dec.  8.  Warrant  to  pay  to  Amerigo  Salvetti,  agent  for  the  Great  Duke  of 

Tuscany,  2151.,  being  the  value  of  8,000  ryals  taken  out  of  the  ship 
Frances  of  Dieppe,  by  Sir  James  Bagg,  for  his  Majesty's  use,  which 
by  being  laden  for  the  Galilei,  merchants,  was  adjudged  in  the  High 
Court  of  Admiralty  to  be  restored.     \JDocquet.'] 


154  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  ^«^-  ^^^^I^-        . 

Dec.  8.  Grant  to  "William  Billingsley  of  the  beiiefit  for  14  years  of  his 

invention  for  printing  or  stanching  of  cabinets,  bedsteads,  and  the 
like,  with  liquid  gold  and  silver,  rendering  to  the  Exchequer  the 
yearly  rent  of  50s.     [pocquet.'] 

Dec.  8.  Protection  for  Sir  Richard  Titchborne   until   his  Majesty  shall 

signify  the  contrary.     \I)ocqueti\ 

Dec.  8.  36.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.     Upon  a  full  hearing  of  the 

Whitehall,  counsel  as  well  of  Sir  Peter  Vanlore,  heir  apparent  of  old  Sir  Peter 
Van  lore,  his  father,  deceased,  as  of  Sir  Edward  Powell,  master  of 
requests,  concerning  the  rectory  of  North  Petherton,  Somerset, 
mortgaged  by  Edward  Popham  to  old  Sir  Peter,  the  one  side 
complaining  of  an  award  obtained  in  July  1637,  when  his  counsel 
was  not  fully  instructed,  and  the  other  of  a  decree  in  the  Exchequer 
got  by  default  when  neither  he  nor  his  counsel  were  present,  it 
was  ordered,  with  the  consent  of  both  parties,  that  as  well  the  award 
as  the  decree,  for  so  much  as  concerns  the  rectory  only  shall  be  laid 
aside,  and  that  both  parties  shall  be  left  to  the  ordinary  course  of 
justice.  [Draft.  This  draft  is  dated  the  8th  inst,  but  reference 
should  be  made  to  a  fair  copy  of  it  calendared  under  date  of  the 
9th  inst.     I  jO.] 

Dec.  8.  37.  The  same.     Upon  a  petition    of  Sir   Francis  Leigh  to   his 

Majesty,  complaining  of  an  order  for  decreeing  of  divers  matters 
depending  in  the  Court  of  Chancery  between  petitioner  and  Mrs. 
Bridget  Minterne,  on  behalf  of  WooUey  Leigh,  son  of  the  said 
Sir  Francis,  and  grandchild  of  the  said  Mrs.  Minterne,  his  Majesty, 
sitting  in  Council,  having  heard  the  said  order,  and  also  the  counsel 
of  Sir  Francis,  forasmuch  as  it  appeared  that  Sir  Francis  had  no 
cause  of  complaint  against  the  said  order,  nor  against  the  Lord 
Keeper,  nor  Lord  Chief  Justice  Bramston,  Justice  Jones,  and  Justice 
Hutton,  called  as  assistants  into  the  chancery  at  the  hearing  of  the 
said  cause,  and  having  given  directions  for  the  said  order,  to  which  they 
had  put  their  hands,  it  was  ordered  that  Sir  Francis  Leigh,  for 
his  presumption  to  trouble  his  Majesty  with  so  groundless  a  com- 
plaint, against  an  order  which  his  own  counsel  now  confessed  took 
nothing  from  him,  aiming  thereby  to  asperse  the  integrity  of 
the  Lord  Keeper  and  the  said  judges,  who  had  done  but  justice, 
shall  be  committed  to  the  Fleet,  and  there  remain  until  he  shall 
under  his  hand  and  at  this  board  acknowledge  his  fault,  and  the 
wrong  done  to  the  Lord  Keeper  and  the  rest  of  the  judges.  [Rough 
Draft.    Endorsed)  a  fair  copy  of  the  commencement  of  the  ordet. 

Hp.-\ 

[Dec.  8  ?]  38.  Declaration  of  the  King  (perhaps  read  this  day  at  tl\e  meeting 
of  the  Council,  and  afterwards  communicated  to  the  Lords  Lieu- 
tenants of  the  several  counties  mentioned  therein :) 

"The  defence  and  welfare  of  our  people  and  kingdom  being  our  prin- 
cipal care,  we  are  now  called  upon,  by  an  extraordinary  and  unexpected 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  155 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

occasion,  to  prepare  the  forces  and  places  of  strengtli  in  this  oiu*  kingdom, 
in  a  more  than  usual  manner  to  prevent  such  mischiefs  as  may  otherwise 
fall  upon  the  same  if  we  should  be  taken  unprovided :  And  having  for  that 
purpose  lately  given  directions  to  our  Privy  Council  to  signify  our  royal 
pleasure  for  the  mustering,  arming,  training,  and  exercising  the  trained 
bands,  as  well  of  foot  as  horse,  within  all  our  counties  of  this  our  kingdom, 
we  have  thought  good,  for  better  performance  of  this  service,  (which  we 
are  minded  to  have  in  good  equipage  and  readiness  upon  all  occasions,)  to 
send  and  employ  our  trusty  and  well-beloved  Sir  Jacob  Astley,  knight, 
(an  experienced  commander  in  martial  discipline  and  affairs,)  whose  advice 
and  direction  our  pleasure  is  that  you  observe  and  follow  as  well  for  the 
arming,  training,  and  exercising  both  the  foot  and  horse  troops  in  our 
counties  of  Leicester,  Stafford,  Derby,  Rutland,  Lincoln,  Nottingham, 
Northumberland,  the  west  riding  of  Yorkshire,  and  in  the  towns  of  Hull, 
Carlisle,  and  Newcastle,  as  also  that  you  give  credit  and  the  best  assistance 
to  him  and  such  persons  as  he  shall  employ  in  the  said  service,  and  in  such 
other  things  as  he  hath  in  charge,  for  putting  the  forces  of  those  coun- 
ties, towns,  and  places  tin  order  and  readiness  for  defence,  if  there  shall 
be  occasion,  and  in  making  preparations  and  provisions  for  an  army, 
wherein,  as  we,  in  our  princely  providence,  intend  nothing  but  the  safety  and 
preservation  of  our  subjects,  so  we  expect  that  the  said  Sir  Jacob  Astley 
and  those  who  are  employed  herein  shall  receive  encouragement  by  the 
cheerful  observance  and  ready  assistance  that  shall  be  given  them  in  this 
important  service.  [^Draft  in  the  handwriting  of  Nicholas,  and  endorsed 
"  Declaration."     1  ^.]      Dorso, 

38.  I.  Notes  by  Nicholas  of  business  to  be  transacted  by  the  Com- 
TTiissioners  for  Saltpetre  and  Gunpowder  this  day.  To 
hear  the  appeal  to  your  Lordships'  delegates.  To 
agree  with  Mr.  Fletcher  about  his  saltpetre.  Gordewell 
desires  an  answer  to  his  petition  concerning  his  losses,  by 
reason  there  was  not  sufficient  saltpetre  delivered  to  him. 
I  have  an  account  from  Mr.  Bevis  of  powder  seized  and 
brought  into  the  Tower.  This  p)oivder  has  been  ever  since 
June  in  the  Tower,  but  no  proceeding  is  against  it  where- 
by to  confiscate  it.     8th  December,  1638.     [f  jJ.] 

Dec.  8.  Petition    of   Francis  Earl  of  Bedford,  Henry  Lord  Maltravers, 

Edward  Lord  Gorges,  and  other  adventurers  in  the  Great  Level  of 
the  Fens,  lo  the  King.  Petitioners,  by  Order  of  Council,  were  ap- 
pointed to  answer  a  petition  preferred  against  them  concerning  the 
payment  of  wages  to  labourers  in  the  fens,  in  obedience  to  which 
they  attended  the  Council  board  on  29th  November  last,  and  made 
answer  that  divers  of  the  adventurers  were  behind  with  their  money, 
and  no  moneys  were  left  in  stock  ;  wherefore  they  moved  the  Lords 
that  such  of  the  said  adventurers  as  were  behind  might  be  com- 
pelled by  order  of  that  board  to  pay,  that  the  labourers  might  be 
satisfied ;  of  which  number  John  Latch,  being  charged  to  be  in 
arrear  150^.,  and  being  required  by  the  lords  to  make  payment, 
delivered  in  a  paper  drawing  in  question  the  whole  business,  and 
also  before  the  Lords  uttered  divers  scandalous  words,  tending  to 
draw  petitioners  into  his  Majesty's  displeasure  and  public  reproach. 
Pray  that  the  matters  contained  in  the  said  paper  and  speeches  may 
be  heard  before  his  Majesty  and  the  board,  and  that  petitioners  may 
have  reparation.  \Gopy.  Vol.  cccciv.  p.  5.  |.  p.'\  Underwritten, 
I.  His  Majesty  will  hear  this  business  on  Sunday  the  1 6th  inst. 
Whitehall,  8th  December  1638.     [Ibid.     I  p.] 


156 


DOMESTIC— GHAELES  I. 


1638. 
Dec.  8. 

Shrewsbury. 


Dec.  8. 
Dover. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

39.  Thomas  Jones,  mayor  of  Shrewsbury,  and  Thomas  Owen,  to 
the  Council.  A  petition  was  preferred  to  the  Lords,  9th  February 
1C37-8,  by  John  Betton,  of  Shrewsbury,  draper,  shewing  that  he, 
with  Thomas  Mathews  and  John  Eidgwey  about  two  years  before, 
at  the  request  of  the  then  bailiff  of  the  town,  undertook  to  employ 
all  the  poor  children  of  the  town,  and  to  maintain  them  for  seven 
years,  in  consideration  of  501.  per  annum,  and  5001.  stock,  whereof 
part  was  raised  out  of  the  several  parishes,  and  is  to  be  repaid  at  the 
end  of  seven  years.  Thomas  Mathews  and  John  Eidgwey  died 
within  one  year  after  undertaking  the  said  work,  whereby  the  whole 
burthen  fell  on  John  Betton,  who  disbursed  great  sums  for  preparing 
rooms  and  implements  for  the  work,  the  number  of  children  being 
very  great,  and  when  a  little  instructed,  many  of  them  running  away, 
or  being  taken  away  by  their  parents.  Betton  stated  moreover  that  he 
had  no  relief  from  the  bailiffs,  nor  sufficient  room  allowed  him  for  the 
multitude  of  children.  The  Lords,  conceiving  this  case  deserved  favour, 
authorized  the  present  petitioners  to  settle  a  course  for  advancing 
the  said  work  as  they  should  find  reasonable.  Petitioners  state  their 
proceedings,  and  propositions  made  by  Betton  on  one  side,  and  by 
Simon  Weston,  one  of  the  aldermen,  on  the  other,  who  offered  to 
take  the  work  off  Betton's  hands,  if  the  town  would  raise  the 
stock  to  1,000?.  in  money  and  implements.  Betton  having  refused, 
and  offered  propositions  deemed  unreasonable,  the  present  petitioners 
conceive  that  he  should  make  good  the  stock  he  received,  having  an 
allowance  for  the  money  disbursed  by  him  about  buildings,  and  so 
be  discharged.  They  further  recommend  Mr.  Weston's  charitable 
proposal  to  the  encouragement  of  the  Lords.     [  =  1  p.] 

40,  Thomas  Day,  mayor,  and  others  of  Dover,  to  Sec.  Windebank. 
According  to  your  directions  touching  William  Cape,  we  have  sent 
him  up  to  you  with  a  copy  of  his  examination,  wherein  the  causes 
of  his  stay  appear,  and  thereof  advertisement  was  given  to  Sir  John 
Manwood,  lieutenant  of  Dover  Castle,  now  in  London.  Concerning  his 
passing  over  here,  we  find  he  returned  out  of  Flanders  in  June  last, 
as  servant  to  one  Mr.  Matthews,  before  which  time  he  confessed  he 
never  was  in  the  town.     [1  p.]     Enfidosed, 

40.  I.  Examination  of  William,  Cape,  aged  about  35  years,  taken 
this  day  before  Thomas  Bay,  mayor,  John  Reading, 
minister,  and  others.  Was  born  at  Casting  \Garstang\  co. 
Lancaster,  and  brought  wp  in  the  parish  school  until  15  or 
IG  years  of  age;  until  he  was  about  24^  followed  husband^^y, 
after  which  he  served  Mr.  Clayton,  of  Preston,  co.  Lan- 
caster, and  Mr.  Matthews,  of  Woodford,  Dorset,  with 
whom  about  April  or  May  last  he  went  to  Flanders,  and 
returned  in  the  June  following,  with  his  son,  Richard 
Mattheius,  and  since  that  time  has  been  in  London  and 
Woodford.  Now  being  to  go  to  Ypres  in  Flanders  about 
his  master's  business,  he  attempted  to  pass  as  a  Walloon, 
because,  being  a  Roman  Catholic,  he  was  unwilling  to 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


157 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

have  the  oath  of  allegiance  administered  to  him,.  Being 
demanded  whether  he  had  taken  any  orders  of  priesthood, 
or  been  bred  a  student  in  any  University,  he  denies  both. 

Dec.  8.  41.  Copy  of  the  above  examination.     [|  ^.J 

Dec.  8.  42.  Note  book  by  Nicholas  of  business  transacted  by  the  Commis- 

sioners of  Saltpetre  and  Gunpowder  at  various  meetings  from  this 
date  to  the  6th  August  1640.  The  dates  of  the  meetings,  besides 
those  already  mentioned,  were :  1638-9,  January  25th,  26th,  Feb- 
ruary 9th,  16th  ;  1639,  May  18th,  June  29th,  July  6th,  November 
16th,  22nd,  December  16th  ;  1639-40,  February  29th,  March  20th, 
21st ;  164U,  May  11th.     [48  pp.,  of  which  22  contain  notes.] 

Dec.  8.  43.  Sir  William  Calley  to  Felix  Long.     These  are  to  entreat  you 

Burderop.  to  deliver  the  enclosed.  [jDamaged.  Seals  with  a'-rms.  -J^.]  En- 
closed, 

43.  I.  Sir  William,  Calley  to  Richard  Harvey.  I  never  had  the 
booh  of  occurrents  of  1633,  wherein  the  taking  of  Regents- 
burgh  by  Duke  Bernard  is  related,  and  if  there  be  any 
occurrents  of  this  present  year  in  Low  Butch  that  might 
be  gotten  by  Mr.  Foreman's  means,  I  wish  I  had  it,  though 
it  should  cost  me  dear.  For  our  specialties  which  you 
have  there,  keep  them  by  you  until  further  order,  and 
write  me  a  note  that  you  have  such  for  mortality's  sake. 
For  what  rtwney  you  shall  have  remaining  when  those 
things  are  provided  which  I  have  written  for,  I  wish  it 
sent  down  by  Mr.  Whip.  I  have  sent  up  to  your  master 
six  collars  of  brawn  directed  to  you.  I  sent  a  mam,  on 
purpose  to  St.  Andrew's  fair  at  Wells  for  a  boar.  He 
brought  one  that  seemed  to  be  good  for  41.,  but  being  killed 
it  proves  very  bad,  being  lean  and  old,  yet  a  great  body. 
We  have  now  good  store  of  oranges  and  lemons  sent  us  by 
sister  Wardour.  I  sent  Mr.  Rowe  a  letter  six  weeks  ago 
by  your  conveyance,  and  a  basket  with  six  collars  of  brawn 
for  Lord  Cottington.  I  never  had  answer  from  Mr.  Rowe 
of  the  receipt  thereof.  I  wish  you  would  buy  me  a  pownd 
of  the  best  and  clearest  brown  sugar  candy  and  a  pound 
of  carraway  comfits.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  p."] 

Dec.  8.  44.  William  Calley  to  Eichard  Harvey.     AH  that  I  am  indebted  to 

Burderop.  you  my  father  has  given  me  leave  to  make  you  your  own  paymaster 
out  of  his  monej'.  I  desired  not  to  know  the  reason  of  Mr.  Toppe's 
earnestness  to  have  my  father  sheriff  (which  was  questionless  to  free 
himself),  but  how  you  came  to  understand  he  was  so  earnest.  I  am 
glad  our  own  boar  proved  as  he  did,  though  it  be  but  indifferent ; 
for  that  that  came  from  Wells  makes  good  the  proverb,  "  only  far 
fetched  and  dear  bought  is  good  for  ladies."  P.S. — I  have  received 
all  those  things  together  with  your  letter  by  cousin  Morse,  and 


158  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


entreat  you  to  add  12  pairs  of  the  best  cards  to  61.  5s.  4<d.,  which  I 
owe  you,  to  be  sent  down  with  my  father's  Christmas  provision. 
[Seal  with  arms.     1  p-l 

Dec.  8.  45.  Account  by  Sir  William  Eussell  of  ship-money  for  1637.    Total 

received  162,615L  Os.  Id.,  remains  38,799^.  7s.  7d.     l=2p.] 

Dec.  8.  46.  Account  of  ship-money  remaining  in  the  hands  of  sheriffs,  total 

2610?.,  which,  with  the  162,615/.  paid  to  Sir  William  Russell,  makes 
the  total  received  165,225?.,  being  19,226?.  less  than  was  paid  on 
2nd  December  1637.     [1  p.] 

Dec.  9.  47.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.     Upon  hearing  the  counsel  of 

Wiitehall.  Sir  Peter  Vanlore,  heir  apparent  of  old  Sir  Peter  Vanlore,  his  father 
deceased,  and  of  Sir  Edward  Powell,  Master  of  Requests,  concerning 
the  rectory  of  North  Petherton,  Somerset,  mortgaged  by  Edward 
Popham  to  old  Sir  Peter,  and  also  concerning  an  award  obtained  in 
July  1637,  when  the  counsel  on  one  side  was  not  instructed,  and  a 
decree  in  the  Exchequer  got  for  default  of  showing  cause  when  one 
of  the  parties  was  not  present,  nor  his  counsel,  it  was  ordered,  that 
the  award  should  be  vacated  and  the  decree  laid  aside,  and  matters 
be  left  in  the  same  state  they  were  in  before  the  award  and 
decree  made.  \_U71derwritten  is  a  note  by  Sec.  Windebanic  that  it 
was  the  Ki/ng^s  pleasure  that  this  order  should  be  entered.  VJth 
Decem&er  1638.     fp.] 

Dec.  10.  Petition  of  Edward  Earl  of  Dorset  to  the  King.  Sandy[-Hook]  Is- 
land, lying  near  the  continent  of  America,  in  the  height  of  44  degi'ees, 
was  lately  discovered  by  one  Rose,  late  master  of  a  ship,  who  suffered 
shipwreck,  and,  finding  no  inhabitants,  took  possession.  Prays  a 
grant  to  petitioner  of  the  said  island  for  31  years,  and  that  none 
may  adventure  thither  but  such  as  petitioner  shall  license.  \Gopy. 
See  Vol.  ccccvii.,  p.  18.     ^  p."]     Underwritten. 

I.  The  Attorney-Oeneral  is  to  prepare  a  bill  for  his  Majesty's 
signature  for  granti/ng  the  said  island  to  petitioner  in  as 
a/mple  manner  as  St.  Christopher's  was  granted  to  the  Earl 
of  Carlisle.  Whitehall,  IQth  I) ecember  1638.  [Copy.  Ibid., 
p.  19.    ip.j 

Dec.  10.  48.  Petition  of  George  Bagg  to  the  King,  Sir  James  Bagg,  peti- 
tioner's father,  having  lived  at  a  high  rate  to  enable  himself  to  serve 
your  Majesty,  as  he  did  in  the  expeditions  of  Cadiz  and  the  Isle  of 
Rh^,  exposing  his  credit  and  estate  for  the  advancement  of  those 
services,  which  afterwards  begot  suits  in  the  Star  Chamber  with  Lord 
Mohun,  wherein,  although  his  faithfulness  clearly  appeared,  yet  the 
charges  became  his  ruin,  dying  very  much  indebted,  and  leaving  only 
to  petitioner  the  command  of  the  fort  at  Plymouth,  the  reversion 
whereof  was  bought  of  Sir  Thomas  Aylesbury  by  petitioner's  father, 
and  is  not  liable  to  the  payment  of  debts.  Petitioner  has  endea- 
voured that  all  his  father's  estate  should  be  found  by  inquisition,  and 
be  extended  for  your  Majesty,  and  has  surrendered  the  letters  patent 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  159 


1638.  VO..CCCCIV. 

for  the  command  of  the  said  fort,  which  was  his  whole  livelihood. 
Prays  the  King  to  give  him  his  grandfather's  and  father's  mansion, 
called  Sal  tram,  with  the  lands  adjoining,  known  by  the  names  of 
Bickam,  Elicombe,  Wrendles,  Hay,  and  the  quarter  part  of  the 
manor  of  Plymholme,  the  whole  being  valued  at  1361.  per  annum. 
[1  p.']     Endorsed, 

48.  I.  Reference  to  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  and  Francis  Lord 
Cottington,  to  certify  the  value  of  the  land.  Whitehall, 
10th  December  1638.     [J  p.] 

48.  II.  Reference  by  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  and  Lord  Cottington 
to  the  Surveyor-General,  to  certify  the  value  of  the  par- 
ticular parcels  before  mentioned.     Idth  December  1638. 

Dec.  10.  Copy  of  the  above  petition  and  the  first  reference.  [See  Vol. 
ccccivi.  p.  6.     1  p.] 

Dec.  10.  49.  Attorney  General  Bankes  to  the  Council.  According  to  order 
of  28th  October  last,  I  have  taken  consideration  of  that  part  of  the 
petition  of  the  merchants  of  London  trading  into  Italy  for  silks 
which  concerns  the  proclamation  for  reducing  the  breadths  of  foreign 
stuffs  to  the  breadth  appointed  for  those  of  the  like  sorts  made  hei-e, 
and  have  conferred  with  divers  merchants,  who  inform  me  that  the 
silk  stuffs  imported  from  Florence,  Genoa,  Lucca,  Bologna,  and 
Naples  are  made  there  of  such  breadths  and  lengths  as  they  are 
brought  over,  and  so  have  continued  for  many  years  without  altera- 
tion. So  that  I  conceive  that  the  proclamation  in  that  particular 
should  be  recalled,  and  amended  by  a  new  proclamation.  Yet  the 
former  proclamation  issued  upon  certificate  of  divers  merchants, 
who  conceived  the  same  breadth  fit  to  be  observed.  I  am  also 
informed  by  the  weavers  of  London,  that  if  the  foreign  stuffs  be  im- 
ported of  narrower  breadth  than  are  allowed  to  be  made  here,  it  will 
undo  their  trade,  and  therefore  they  are  suitors  that  if  foreign  stuffs 
imported  be  not  limited  to  a  breadth  they  may  not  be  restrained. 

lip-} 

Dec.  10.  50.  Thomas  Smith  to  Sir  John  Pennington.  I  thank  you  for 
yours  of  the  8th,  wherein  you  accuse  me  without  cause,  and  that 
will  plainly  appear  to  you  upon  my  brother  Carteret's  arrival, 
who  parted  hence  the  6th  inst.  Since  my  Lord's  of  the  21st  of  last 
month,  we  have  received  from  you  three  packets,  one  of  the  23rd, 
another  of  the  1st,  and  another  of  the  8th  inst.  That  passage  in  the 
last  which  mentions  your  obeying  Sec.  Coke's  order,  contrary  to 
what  my  Lord  formerly  wrote  to  you,  somewhat  displeased  his 
Lordship,  and  indeed  the  thing  seems  a  little  the  more  strange, 
because  when  you  must  obey  either  the  one  or  the  other,  no  man  of 
sound  sense  but  will  know  which  first.  And  I  know  you  cannot 
doubt  but  that  the  commands  you  receive  from  his  Lordship  are  as 
much  the  King's  as  any  that  can  be  sent  unto  you  from  another 


160  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

man,  and  besides  you  are  my  Lord's  lieutenant,  and  no  man's  else. 
Tiiese  things  considered,  I  beseech  you  acknowledge  your  error  to 
my  Lord,  for  he  is  more  sensible  of  it  than  he  expresses.  As  for 
matter  of  news,  here  is  little  stirring  and  less  good.  The  Scots  are 
more  violent  than  ever,  inasmuch  that  we  begin  to  be  more  careful 
in  our  warlike  preparation  than  we  have  been.  The  Council  of 
War  sits  very  often,  and  has  almost  nominated  all  the  commanders. 
The  Scots  in  their  convocation  proceeded  very  violently  against  the 
bishops,  though  they  did  not  appear.  Some  they  have  degraded, 
others  they  have  condemned  to  corporal  punishment  for  gross  crimes, 
and  others  of  them  they  have  sentenced  to  be  burnt  for  heresies. 
The  Marquis  [of  Hamilton],  when  he  saw  them  so  violent  against 
the  bishops,  told  them,  that  if  they  did  not  leave  off  that  course  ht 
had  order  from  his  Majesty,  for  which  he  showed  a  letter  signed  by 
the  King,  to  dissolve  the  assembly,  but  they  still  persisting,  the 
Marquis  rose,  and  the  council  with  him,  and  went  their  way.  Not- 
withstanding a  proclamation  which  the  Marquis  caused  presently  to 
be  made  for  breaking  off  the  convocation,  they  still  continued,  and 
have  summoned  him  to  appear,  which  he  refused,  and  has  retired  to 
a  castle  of  his  own  called  Hamilton.  'Tis  said  that  three  who  were 
heretofore  of  the  King's  party  did  not  go  away  with  the  Marquis,  but 
stayed  behind  with  the  assembly,  which  makes  me  suspect  that  they 
have  left  the  King ;  two  of  them  are  the  Earl  of  Argyle,  Earl  of 
Almond,  and  the  third  a  privy  councillor,  a  man  of  note.  This 
news  troubles  us  here  at  Court.     [3  pp-J 

Dec.  10.  51.  Commissioners  for  granting  Licences  to  Retail  Tobacco  to  [the 
Tobacco  Office,  Council].  We  have  examined  the  complaints  against  William  Hide 
Tower  Street.  ^^^  William  Stubbs,  for  retailing  tobacco  in  the  liberty  of  the 
Clink,  Surrey,  and  finding  that  they  were  delinquents  by  vending 
tobacco  without  licence,  contrary  to  proclamation,  and  disabling  the 
patentee  to  pay  his  Majesty's  rent,  we  ordered  them  to  pay  40s. 
each  to  the  patentee,  and  for  the  time  to  come  either  to  buy  their 
tobacco  of  the  patentee,  or  to  forbear  to  sell  without  licence.  Never- 
theless, Hide  and  Stubbs,  in  contempt  of  our  commission  and  order, 
departed  without  submitting  thereunto,  which  contempt  we  certify 
to  you,  that  such  course  may  be  taken  with  them  as  you  may  think 
fit.     [|^.] 

Dec.  10.  52.  John  Quarles  to  Sir  Henry  Vane.  According  to  this  bill  of 
Rott[erdam].  lading  I  have  laded  [in  the  Prosperous  of  Lynn,  master]  Edward 
Cottram,  for  Hull,  and  consigned  the  same  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley. 
I  am  now  lading  my  own  ship,  which  will  take  in  as  much  as  three 
of  these  ;  which  I  hope  to  clear  away  this  week.  I  am  advised  by 
Sir  Robert  Honywood  to  send  over  300  or  400  arms  more  than  the 
number,  to  make  good  that  shall  be  not  thought  fitting,  so  I  have 
bought  400  pikes  and  300  harness  for  pikemen,  all  which  are  to  be 
new,  and  to  be  taken  up  by  the  States'  magazine-master.  I  -will 
also  bring  200  harness  for  arquebuses  more  as  [than]  my  number, 


DOMESTIC— CHARLKS  I.  l6l 


1C38  -  "^OL.  CCCCIV. 

lest  I  should  be  abused,  for  tliose  armourers  are  the  most  cousening 
fellows  that  are.     [|  p.] 

52.  I.  Bill  of  lading  for  33  chests,  8  cases,  and  15  baskets  [con- 
tents not  mentioned],  11  pieces  of  brass  ordnance,  5 
carriages  with  20  ivheels  and  carriage  waggons,  and  285 
hand  grenades,  shipped  in  the  vessel  above  mentioned. 
Dated,  Rotterdam.     [^  p.] 

Dec.  11.  Warrant  to  pay  to  M.  Luc  de  Fabroni,  Viseomte  of  Dompmart, 
lOOZ.,  to  be  employed  in  defraying  the  expenses  of  the  Queen  Mother 
of  France,  to  commence  from  the  4th  of  November  and  to  continue 
during  pleasure.  And  also  to  advance  from  time  to  time  one 
month's  pay  before  hand.  Provision  is  made  for  vacating  a  former 
privy  seal  for  payment  of  lOOZ.  per  diem,  without  any  advancement 
beforehand.     [Docguei.] 

Dec.  11.  Grant  in  reversion  to  "William  and  John  Berkeley,  his  Majesty's 
servants,  of  the  office  of  clerk  of  the  Treasury  of  the  Court  of  Com- 
mon Pleas,  after  the  death  of  George  Duncomb.     \_Docquet.'] 

Dec.  11.  Grant  of  denization  to  William  Earl  of  Morton,  born  in  Scotland, 
and  to  his  heirs.     [Docguei.] 

Dec.  11.  Grant  to  William  Davenant  of  a  pension  of  lOOl.  per  annum 
during  pleasure.     [Docquei.'] 

Dec.  11.  The  King  to  Humfrey  Hyde,  sheriff  of  Berks.  License  to  remain 
in  his  habitation  in  co.  Oxon  during  the  time  of  his  being  sheriff  of 
Berks.     [Docguet.'] 

Deo.  11.  53.  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  and  Francis  Lord  Cottington  to  the 
King.  The  King  ordered  the  writers  to  settle  the  fee  for  keeping 
the  boom  in  Dover  Harbour.  State  the  course  of  their  proceedings, 
the  desire  of  Sir  John  Manwood  that  a  fee  should  be  laid  upon  all 
strangers  and  upon  English  likewise,  the  arguments  of  the  King's 
farmers,  and  tlie  offers  of  the  townsmen,  the  result  being,  that 
finding  the  business  to  be  one  of  difficulty  and  consequence,  they 
thought  it  to  be  their  duty  to  present  the  state  of  it  to  his  Majesty, 
to  be  settled  by  him,  or  to  be  returned  to  them  with  his  further 
pleasure.     [IJi'.] 

Dec.  11.  54.  Petition  of  Edward  Watkins  and  Thomas  Aileway  to  the 
King.  On  petitioner's  request,  your  Majesty  gave  order  to  the  At- 
torney-General to  proceed  in  a  legal  course  for  trial  of  the  validity 
of  certain  lettera  patent,  see  November  24,  1638,  No.  42.  i.  Your 
Majesty  has  since  made  a  reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  on  a  pe- 
tition of  John  Robinson,  Richard  Ward,  and  Christopher  Dighton,  for 
consideration  as  well  of  the  validity  of  the  said  several  letters  patent 
as  of  the  late  great  seizure  of  gold  made  by  petitioners,  which  was 
shipped  to  be  transported,  and  cleared  by  the  searchers  of  Gravesend, 
who  now  endeavour  to  entitle  your  Majesty  to  the  whole  seizure, 
in  order  to  bring  in  question  the  validity  of  petitioners'  letters 

13-  L 


162  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

patent,  upon  pretence  that  Gravesend  is  not  a  member  of  the  port 
of  London.  Pray  that  the  cause  may  be  left  to  a  conclusion  by  a 
legal  course.     [_Gopy.    |  ^.]     Underwritten, 

54.  I.  The  Lord  Treasurer  finding  the  patent  to  he  properly  de- 
terminable by  law,  he  is  to  put  the  same  into  a  legal 
course  as  it  formerly  was,  together  with  the  seizure  of 
gold  depending  upon  the  same  patent.  Whitehall,  l\th 
December  1638.     [Copy.    ^  p."} 

54.  II.  Lord  Treasurer  to  the  Attorney-General.  To  pursue 
the  directions  of  his  Majesty^s  references.  London  House, 
Vjth  December  1638.     [^  p.} 

Dec.  11.  55.  Presentation  of  a  General  Court  of  the  port  of  Cley,  Blakeney, 
and  Wiveton  in  Norfolk,  that  Philip  Galthrop  had  caused  to  be 
obstructed  the  great  canal  between  Cley  and  Wiveton,  by  means 
whereof  ships  from  time  immemorial  have  been  accustomed  to  pass 
to  and  from  the  sea,  and  also  another  navigable  canal  called  Howgate 
Creek.     [J  p^ 

Dec.  1 1.  Henry  Earl  of  Holland,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Forests  on  this  side 
Whitehall.  Trent,  to  the  Keeper  of  the  Marshalsea.  To  receive  into  his  custody 
Jonas  English,  of  Farnham,  Surrey,  joiner,  accused  of  killing  and 
stealing  deer  in  the  forest  of  Alice  Holt  and  Woolmer,  Hants,  and 
to  keep  him  until  he  receives  directions  from  the  Earl  for  his  enlarge- 
ment.   \Gopy.    See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  38.    f  p^ 

Dec.  11.  The  same,  to  all  to  whom  these  presents  shall  come.  I  am  in- 
formed of  sundry  abuses  committed  against  his  Majesty's  game  in 
Kettering  and  places  adjoining  in  co.  Northampton  and  forest  of 
Rockingham,  by  persons  who  unlawfully  use  dogs,  nets,  cross-bows, 
guns  and  other  engines,  for  preservation  of  which  game  I  have  given 
power  to  Edward  Sawyer  to  enquire  of  all  persons  known  or  sus- 
pected to  offend  as  aforesaid,  and  for  that  purpose  to  search  in  all 
houses  and  places  within  the  said  town  and  five  miles  compass  for 
finding  such  dogs,  nets,  bows,  crossbows,  guns,  and  other  engines  be- 
longing to  such  offenders,  and  to  certify  to  me  the  names  and  offences 
of  such  persons,  that  course  may  be  taken  for  their  punishment, 
charging  all  mayors  and  other  officers  to  assist.  [Copy.  See 
Vol.  ccclxxxiv.,  p.  38.     If  p.] 

Dec.  12.  Warrant  to  Lord  Newburgh,  Chancellor  of  the  Duchy  of  Lan- 
caster, to  affix  the  seals  of  that  Duchy  to  two  new  letters  patent  of 
lands  granted  and  confirmed  to  the  City.     [Docquef] 

Dec.  12.  A  like  to  the  Barons  of  the  Exchequer  and  to  the  Attorney- 
General,  authorizing  them  to  take  off  the  file  the  proceedings  in  that 
court  against  the  city  of  London  and  divers  citizens  concerning  the 
land  contract.     [Docquet.] 

Dec.  12.  A  like  to  Lord  Cottington,  Sir  Thomas  Trevor,  and  the  Attorney- 
General,  authorizing  them  to  grant  their  estates  of  the  remainder  of 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  163 


IQ28.  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

several  terms  of  99  years  in  the  manor  of  Kingswood,  in  cos.  Wilts 
and  Gloucester,  and  other  manors  and  lands,  to  the  use  of  the  city 
of  London,  and  to  new  grant  to  the  Queen  three  yearly  rents  in  lieu 
of  three  other  rents  which  she  is  to  surrender  for  the  better  settling 
the  said  lands  to  the  City's  trustees.     [Docquet] 

Dec.  12.  Grant  to  John  Farren  and  John  Robinson  of  the  office  of  searchers 
in  the  port  of  Chichester  during  their  Hves,  with  survivorship,  upon 
surrender  of  Jasper  Sellwine  and  Edward  Eolt.     [^Docquet.l 

Dec.  12.  Grant  of  Incorporation  to  the  Burgesses  of  Reading,  Berks,  by  the 
title  of  mayor,  aldermen,  and  burgesses,  with  a  declaration  that 
there  shall  be  for  ever  hereafter  a  mayor,  13  aldermen,  12  assistants, 
two  chamberlains,  steward,  coroner,  and  three  sergeants-at-mace  ;  the 
mayor  and  chamberlains  to  be  annual  officers,  the  aldermen  and 
assistants  to  be  for  life,  and  the  others  to  be  at  the  will  of  the  mayor 
and  aldermen,  with  divers  other  powers  for  better  ordering  the  cor- 
poration.    [Docquet^ 

Dec.  12.  Presentation  of  Robert  Cheslen,  clerk,  M.A.,  to  the  rectory  of 
Hinxworth,  co.  Hertford,  void  by  resignation  of  Andrew  Clare,  D.D., 
and  in  his  Majesty's  gift  pro  hdc  vice  by  reason  of  the  lainority  of 
Anne  and  Penelope  Bayning,  daughters  and  coheirs  of  the  late  Lord 
Bayning,  his  Majesty's  wards,     [pocquet.} 

Dec.  12.  56.  Petition  of  Miles  Birkett,  clerk,  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Peti- 
tioner was  arrested  the  last  court  day  for  201.  due  debts,  and  could 
not  appear  at  Lambeth  that  day.  He  is  willing  to  appear  the  first 
court  day  of  next  term,  and  to  give  bond  to  that  purpose.  Has  pe- 
titioned Sir  John  Lambe  and  offered  submission,  and  Sir  John  has 
referred  him  to  you.  Desires  order  that  bond  may  be  taken  for  his 
appearance  the  next  court  day,  and  a  supersedeas  granted  to  the 
attachment  awarded  against  him.     [|  p.']     Underwritten, 

56.  I.  "/  remember  there  was  a  sccmdalous  petition  delivered 
into  the  court  by  this  petitioner  against  Sir  John  Lambe, 
to  whom  1  know  not  whether  he  his  submitted  himself, 
and  therefore  to  him,  1  shall  refer  him.  W.  Cant."  Le- 
cember  12th,  1638.     [^  p.] 

Dec.  12.  57.  William  Heaward  to  [Sir  John  Lambe?]  Our  Visitation  is 
Leicester,  all  ended  and  our  Courts  of  Audience  till  after  Christmas.  I  hear 
Dr.  Loke  [Lock  ?]  has  set  his  office  to  Mr.  Fowler,  who  writes  in  the 
Audience  Office,  and  Mr.  Winford,  the  proctor's  brother  or  kinsman, 
for  230L  the  year,  and  that  the  Dr.  intends  to  go  into  Ireland  to  be 
the  King's  Advocate  there.  Mr.  Clayton  was  with  Mr.  Burden,  who 
said  he  would  not  absolve  him  without  your  consent.  Hancock's 
commutation  was  very  lately  [little  ?].  The  man  is  not  of  that 
estate  that  he  was  thought  to  be.  I  marvel  how  Mr.  Burden  can 
trust  Mr.  Baylis  to  receive  the  synodals  if  he  be  so  bad  a  paymaster 
as  I  think  he  is.  The  sickness  at  Leicester  does  not  much  spread. 
The  Countess  of  Devonshire  keeps  her  Christmas  here.     Mr.  Oneby's 

L  2 


164  DOMESTIC— CHARLES   I. 


1638. 


Vol,  CCCCIV. 


wife  was  gone,  but  he  has  fetched  her  again.  Only  Mr.  Noel  was 
somewhat  fearful,  and  must  be  gone.  The  town  is  carefully  looked 
to  by  watchmen,  and  two  of  the  forty-eight  watch  every  night,  and 
those  that  are  sick,  if  poor,  are  allowed  very  good  maintenance  from 
the  town.     [1  pJ] 

Dec.  12.  58.  Officers  of  the  Trinity  House  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Reasons 
Trinity  House,  -w^hy  London  has  not  been  nor  is  not  so  fully  served  with  coals  from 
Newcastle  as  in  former  times.  The  causes  assigned  are  misconduct 
of  the  Hoastmen  at  Newcastle  in  compelling  the  masters  to  take 
coals  of  whom  they  appointed,  and  what  coals,  what  measure,  and 
at  what  time  they  pleased.  Long  treaty  of  the  Newcastle  men 
about  the  farm  of  the  coals.  Difficulty  of  obtaining  the  former 
price,  by  reason  of  the  limited  price  of  I7s.  and  19s.  Late  extremity 
of  weather,  and  consequent  losses.  Want  of  free  trade,  to  sell  at 
what  price  the  market  will  afford  ;  and  increase  of  charges  by  the 
corporation  [of  London].  The  remedies  suggested  are  either  a  free 
trade,  to  go,  come,  and  sell  as  the  market  goes,  or,  that  the  corpo- 
ration should  take  off  their  coals  "  at  the  price  aforesaid,"  and  give 
them  sudden  despatch.     [^Seal  with  arms.     1^  p."] 

Dec.  12.  59.  Henry  Barker  to  Dr.  Turner.  It  has  formerly  been  conceived 
that  there  was  correspondence  of  affection  between  my  eldest  son 
and  one  of  Sec.  Windebank's  daughters,  your  wife's  sister,  which  on 
my  son's  part  continues  ;  wherefore,  if  it  may  be,  without  eclipsing 
the  gentlewoman's  fortunes,  and  my  son  may  appear  worthy  in 
her  parents'  esteem,  I  shall  be  ready  to  give  what  satisfaction  I 
am  able.  I  will  settle  my  whole  estate,  as  also  leave  him  all  my 
estate  in  tlie  parsonages  of  Hurst  and  Ruscombe  after  my  decease, 
and  settle  all  upon  his  heir  male,  and  in  case  there  be  none,  to  en- 
gage a  great  part  of  it  for  provision  for  daughters.  For  his  present 
maintenance  I  will  allow  him  200?.  per  annum,  as  also  his  wife's 
portion  to  purchase  other  lands  for  present  benefit,  and  part  of  her 
jointure.  If  this  may  be  entertained,  I  shall  wait  upon  Mr.  Secretary, 
which  at  this  present  had  been  performed  had  not  my  bodily  in- 
firmities been  more  now  than  ever.  P.S. — There  was  a  small  re- 
membrance given  to  my  son  by  his  grandfather  which  I  may  not 
dispose  of  [Endorsed  by  Windebanlc,  "Mr.  Barker,  of  Hurst,  to  my 
son  Turner!'    Seal  with  arms.     1  p.'\ 

Dec.  12.  60.  Note  of  English  ships  and  guns  sold  abroad.  The  names  and 
tonnage  of  the  ships,  and  places  and  time  of  their  sale,  were  as  follows ; 
viz.,  Charles,  of  London,  250  tons,  at  Lisbon  in  1633 ;  St.  Matthew, 
of  London,  350  tons,  at  Venice  in  1617;  Bonaventure,  of  London, 
200  tons,  in  Portugal  in  1634;  George,  of  London,  550  tons,  at 
Naples  in  1623 ;  William  and  Jane,  of  London,  at  Porteaport 
[Oporto] ;  Content,  of  London,  250  tons,  the  same  in  1633 ;  Dove, 
of  London,  150  tons,  the  like  in  1633;  Pye,  of  London,  140  tons, 
the  like  in  1633  ;  Blackbuck,  of  London,  250  tons,  at  Marseilles  in 
1632  ;  another  Blackbuck,  of  London,  at  St.  Lucar  in  1633.  The 
number  of  guns  sold  with  the  said  ships  was  299.     [^  p.'\ 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1.  I(j5 


1688. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


Dec.  13.  Grant  of  incorporation  to  divers  starchmakers,  by  the  name  of 
Master,  Wardens,  Assistants,  and  Commonalty  of  Starchmakers  of 
London,  who  are  enabled  for  making  white  starch,  to  sell  in  England, 
Wales,  or  Berwick.  The  whole  trade  to  be  managed  by  one  joint 
stock,  the  starch  to  be  sold  at  moderate  rates,  and  to  be  made  of 
bran  or  pollard  and  of  such  foreign  grain  as  shall  be  imported. 
They  have  power  to  make  ordinances,  to  levy  money  on  members 
towards  the  common  charges,  and  to  purchase  lands  not  exceeding 
100  marks  per  annum.  The  starch  to  be  be  made  in  or  near  Loudon, 
with  a  prohibition  against  the  importation  of  foreign  starch  after 
the  7th  January  next.  One  moiety  of  the  clear  profit  to  be  to  his 
Majesty,  the  other  moiety  to  the  company.     [Bocquet.'] 

Dec.  13.  Indenture  of  covenants  between  his  Majesty  and  the  Corporation 
of  Starchmakers,  whereby  the  latter  covenant  to  furnish  the  king- 
dom with  good  white  starch  at  moderate  rates,  never  to  exceed  44s. 
per  cwt.  for  the  best  sort  and  38s.  for  the  rest.  They  are  to  pay  to 
his  Majesty  the  first  year  1,500?.,  the  second  year  2,500?.,  and  every 
year  after  3,500?.  They  are  to  appoint,  with  the  allowance  of  the 
Lord  Treasurer,  an  able  person  to  be  treasurer  for  the  company,  and 
to  put  the  whole  joint  stock,  being  5,000?.,  before  the  1st  of  March 
next,  into  the  hands  of  Thomas  Meautys,  now  chosen  treasurer  for  life, 
who  is  first  to  defalk  his  Majesty's  rent  before  any  dividend  shall  be 
made  among  the  society.  They  are  to  pay  100?.  per  annum  to  a 
surveyor  to  be  appointed  by  his  Majesty,  also  100?.  per  annum  for 
seven  years  towards  the  repair  of  St.  Paul's,  London,  with  an  in- 
hibition of  all  foreign  starch  after  7th  January  next,  and  the  company 
to  have  the  moiety  of  all  prohibited  and  forfeited  starch.     [Docquet.l 

Dec.  13.  Warrant  to  pay  to  Sir  Anthony  Vandyke  603?.  for  pictures,  and 
also  1,000?.  arrears  of  his  pension  of  200?.  per  annum  for  five  years 
ended  at  Lady  Day  last.     [JDocquet.'] 

Dec.  13.  Petition  of  Sir  Edward  Lloyd  and  Kowland  Pugh,  fee-farmers  of 
the  lordships  of  Arrustley  and  Kennylock,  co.  Montgomery,  to  the 
King.  About  1629  his  Majesty  directed  the  Commissioners  for  the 
sale  of  his  Majesty's  lands  to  sell  to  Sir  Thomas  Middleton,  alderman 
of  London,  deceased,  the  said  lordships  in  fee-farm.  Thereupon  the 
commissioners  granted  the  same  to  Sir  Thomas  for  1,000?.  Sir 
Thomas  in  his  lifetime,  and  Sir  Thomas  his  son  after  his  decease, 
sold  the  said  lordships  to  petitioners.  About  three  years  past  an 
information  was  exhibited  against  petitioners  in  the  Exchequer 
Chamber,  by  relation  of  certain  of  petitioners'  neighbours,  who  en- 
deavoured the  purchase  of  the  said  lordships  for  themselves,  but, 
missing  thereof,  to  prevent  the  discovery  of  their  own  encroachments, 
and  to  weary  petitioners  with  expenses  in  law,  suggested  a  trust 
from  his  Majesty  in  petitioners  concerning  the  said  lordships.  Pe- 
titioners having  procured  the  cause  to  be  set  down  for  hearing,  have 
attended  nine  days  for  hearing,  to  their  great  charge,  yet  have  not 
been  heard.  As  petitioners  are  specially  employed  at  this  present  in 
the  care  of  arms  for  his  Majesty  in  that  county,  and  cannot  discharge 


166  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638.  ^«^-  ^^^.^^^- 

their  duty  therein  as  is  expected,  being  bound  to  a  continual  attend- 
ance about  the  said  suit,  they  pray  his  Majesty  to  take  into  con- 
sideration the  said  cause,  and  according  to  the  merit  thereof  to 
declare  his  pleasure,  and  discharge  petitioners  from  further  attendance. 
[Copy.    See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  10.     1  ^.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Attorney-General  to  give  account  of  this  busi- 
ness, his  Majesty  not  being  willing  that  justice  should  be 
delayed  to  any  rrmn.  Whitehall.  13th  December  1638. 
IGopy.    Ibid.,  p.  11.    i  p.] 

Dec.  13.  61.  The  King  to  Bishop  Morton,  of  Durham.  We  have  from 
■Westminster,  time  to  time  given  directions  to  our  Council  to  signify  our  pleasure 
for  mustering  the  trained  bands  within  our  lieutenancies,  but  not 
finding  effect  answerable  to  our  expectation,  we  at  this  time  com- 
mand the  execution  of  our  former  directions,  and  we  have  sent  Sir 
Thomas  Morton,  colonel,  and  gentleman  of  our  privy  chamber,  to 
yoUj  whose  advice  we  would  have  you  observe  for  such  things  as 
you  shall  understand  by  our  instructions  given  to  him.  We  also 
recommend  to  your  care  the  advancing  the  number  of  horse,  being 
but  70  to  100,  which  we  would  have  you  do  with  the  advice  of  the 
deputy  lieutenants.  You  will  shortly  receive  orders  that  neither  the 
clergy  nor  others  having  lands  in  that  county,  though  not  dwellers, 
are  to  be  exempted,  and  for  the  more  ease  of  those  charged  with 
horse  we  have  thought  fit  to  have  them  furnished  with  light  arms 
proportionably  to.  the  horse  of  that  country.     [Copy.     1 J  p.J 

Dec.  13.         Another  copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxevi.,  p.  33.     I4  ^.J 

Dec.  13.         62.  Order  of  the  Committee  of  the  Council   of  War.     The  Earl  of 

Earl  of       Newport  is  to  cause  the  Officers  of  the  Ordnance   to  certify  the 

land's'liausrin  11^™^^!"  ^'^d  condition  of  the  arms  lately  brought  out  of  the  Low 

Queen  Street.  Countries,  and  viewed  in  the  Tower,  which  certificate  is  to  be  sent 

to  this  committee  by  Sunday  next.     [1^  p.'] 

Dec.  13.        Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxevi.,  p.  31.     ^  p.] 

Dec.  13.         Order  of  the  same.     The  Earl  of  Newport  is  to  take  order  that 
The  same,     the  arms  imported  from  the  Low  Countries,  with  60  lasts  of  gun- 
powder and  other  ammunition  appointed  to  be  sent  to  Hull,  be 
shipped  in  time  to  be  there  by  the  ]  2th  January  next.     [See  this 
Vol.,  No.  62.     \  p.] 

Dec.  13.        Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxevi.,  p.  31.     \  p!] 

Dec.  13.  Commissioners  for  Gunpowder  to  Montjoy  Earl  of  Newport.  To 
deliver  two  barrels  of  gunpowder  at  18cZ.  per  lb.,  for  the  use  of 
FitzwUliam  Coningsby  of  co.  Hereford.  [Minute.  See  Vol.  ccclv., 
No.  61.,  p.  7.    kp.] 

Dec.  13.        63.  Sec.  Windebank  to  [Mark  Thomas,  mayor  of  Rye].      His 

Whitehall.    Majesty  beinginformed  that  Lord  St.  John,  eldest  son  to  the  Earl  of 

Bolingbroke,  is  secretly  gone  to  Rye,  with  purpose   to  transport 

himself  into  foreign  parts,  and  that  by  reason  of  indisposition  he 

continues  in  that  town,  under  the  name  of  Tomson,  you  are  to  arrest 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


167 


1638. 


Dec.  13. 

Fdgaith. 


Dec.  13. 

Whitehall. 


Dec.  13. 

Whitehall. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

and  keep  him  until  further  order.  Further  you  are  to  seize  all  his 
papers,  and  send  them  to  me  by  the  bearer.  It  is  further  advertised 
that  he  has  a  servant  attending  upon  him  called  Ash,  whom  you  are 
likewise  to  take  into  custody,  and  to  keep  him  until  you  shall  be 
authorized  otherwise.  P.S. — When  you  have  taken  my  Lord  into 
custody,  you  are  to  keep  him  close,  and  not  suffer  him  to  write  to 
any,  nor  any  to  have  access  to  him,  and  you  are  to  take  special  notice 
of  any  that  shall  either  desire  to  come  or  write  to  him,  and  to  certify 
their  names,  and  send  their  letters  hither.  The  messenger,  Jasper 
Heily,  knows  nothing  of  the  business.  You  are  to  communicate  h  to 
him,  and  he  is  commanded  to  be  assistant  to  you.     [Braft.     1  p.] 

64.  Thomas  Lajrfield  to  his  brother  Edmund  Layfield.  I  am 
given  to  understand  by  Mr.  Mansor,  under-sheriff  of  this  county,  that 
he  has  received  a  letter  which  came  post  to  Lord  Clifford  from  Sec. 
Windebank,  with  a  warrant  for  apprehension  of  Roger  Moore,  upon 
my  information  to  you,  and  his  immediate  convention  before  his 
Majesty,  but  without  any  command  for  my  appearance,  or  that  of 
any  other  witness.  The  business  is  this : — On  Sunday  4th  Nov- 
ember last,  Mr.  Place,  the  usher  of  Kirkby,  William  Smyth,  of 
Kirkby,  junior,  and  myself,  being  together  in  our  "oast-house," 
immediately  after  dinner,  we  fell  into  a  discourse  touching  the  con- 
formity of  the  church,  and  amongst  other  things  William  Smyth  told 
us  that  John  Bailiff  alias  Baily  of  Middleton  told  him,  that  Roger 
Moore  of  Middleton  having  a  question  propounded  to  him  what  he 
would  do  if  the  King  should  command  him  to  turn  Papist,  or  do  a 
thing  contrary  to  his  conscience,  he  replied  he  would  rise  up  against 
him  and  kill  him.  Baily  said  that  he  and  several  others  heard  Moore 
speak  these  words.  I,  being  a  stranger  in  the  country,  out  of  my 
true  subjection  to  his  Majesty  forthwith  informed  you  of  it.  States 
what  each  of  the  witnesses  is  likely  to  say,  but  as  neither  he  nor  the 
others  are  prepared  for  a  long  winter's  journey,  he  wishes  Moore 
might  be  bound  to  appear  in  Easter  term,  when  all  the  witnesses 
might  be  brought  up.  Appeals  strongly  to  his  brother  to  preserve 
him  from  any  charges,  harm,  or  danger.     [1|  p.] 

Henry  Earl  of  Holland  to  the  Verderors,  Foresters,  and  Regarders  of 
the  New  Forest,  Hants.  The  Earl  of  Southampton  has  requested  me 
to  grant  him  license  for  felling  certain  underwood  and  timber  growing 
in  his  own  coppices  within  the  manor  of  Bewly  [Beaulieu]  and 
bounds  of  the  said  forest,  called  Culver ly  coppice  and  the  new  cop- 
pices in  Ipley  and  in  Faringdon.  You  are  to  view  the  said  under- 
wood and  timber,  and  to  certify  to  me  whether  they  may  be  felled 
this  present  year  without  prejudice  to  his  Majesty's  game,  and  also 
what  timber  trees  are  growing  within  the  said  coppices,  and  how 
many  may  be  cut  down  without  damage  of  the  said  forest,  and  of 
what  growth  and  value  the  same  are.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv., 
p.  40.     1  p.] 

The  same  to  the  similar  officers  of  the  Forest  of  Chute,  Hants- 
Lord  Charles  Pawlet  has  requested  license  to  cut  down  and  incoppice 


168  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I. 


J  ggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

such  part  of  his  coppice  woods  lying  in  Dole  Walk  within  the  Forest 
of  Chute  as  are  in  course  and  fit  to  be  sold  this  year.  You  are  to 
view  the  same,  and  to  certify  what  part  thereof  may  be  felled  this 
year,  without  destruction  of  the  vert  or  prejudice  to  the  game,  and 
what  number  of  acres  the  same  contains.  [Copy.  See  Vol.  ccclxxxiv., 
2?.  41.    I^.] 

Dec.  ]  4.  65.  The  King  to  Attorney-General  Bankes.  By  privy  seal  of  26th 
WhitehaU.  July  last  we  appointed  200,000L  to  be  employed  in  affairs  of  great 
weight  by  the  order  of  the  Lord  Treasurer,  the  Earl  Marshal,  the 
High  Admiral,  Lord  Cottington,  Sir  Henry  Vane,  and  Sees.  Coke 
and  Windebank,  or  any  three  of  them.  There  have  been  divers 
sums  issued  to  John  Quarles  and  others,  here  particularly  named,  by 
virtue  of  that  privy  seal,  and  warrants  given  for  issuing  other  sums. 
You  are  to  prepare  a  warrant  directed  to  the  lords  and  others  men- 
tioned in  the  said  privy  seal,  to  ratify  the  aforesaid  disbursements, 
and  authorise  them  to  give  order  for  disbursing  such  other  sums  as 
shall  be  issued  by  virtue  of  the  said  privy  seal,  and  also  to  authorise 
the  lieutenant  of  the  ordnance,  and  all  others  who  by  order  of  the 
said  lords  and  others  shall  receive  any  moneys  out  of  the  Exchequer 
by  virtue  of  the  said  privy  seal,  to  employ  the  same  as  shall  be 
appointed.     [Braft.    3  ^p.] 

Dec,  14.        Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.  p.  51.    2^  p.] 

Dec.  14.  66.  Petition  of  Lady  Elizabeth  Hatton  to  the  King.  Upon 
hearing  the  cause  in  Chancery  betwixt  the  petitioner  and  the  heir, 
executors,  and  feoffees  of  Sir  Edward  Coke,  your  Majesty  ordered 
that  the  manor  of  Fakenham  should  be  conveyed  to  petitioner. 
Petitioner  has  exhibited  her  bill  in  ChaScery  to  discover  in  whom 
the  inheritance  of  the  said  manor  is,  that  thereby  a  lawful  con- 
veyance may  be  made.  To  which  bill  John  Coke  answers,  that  the 
same  was  conveyed  to  him  for  life,  with  other  remainders  over, 
which  he  refers  to  the  deeds,  but  refuses  to  convey  the  same.  Peti- 
tioner beseeches  your  Majesty  to  signify  to  the  Lord  Keeper  that  he 
take  order  for  the  speedy  conveyance  of  the  said  manor  and  that  the 
deeds  be  brought  into  Chancery  without  delay,  [ip.]  Under- 
written, 

66.  I.  Minute  of  the  pleasure  of  his  Majesty  that  the  order  made 
at  the  council  table  (lie  being  present)  shall  be  put  in 
execution,  wherefore  he  requires  the  Lord  Keeper  to  take 
order  therein  accordingly,  and  that  the  deeds  mentioned 
be  brought  into  Chancery.     [^  p.'\ 

Dec.  14.        Copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccciii,  p  Vj .     \  p.\ 

Dec.  14.  Petition  of  Philip  Burlamachi  to  the  King.  Having  received 
from  his  Majesty  a  letter  dated  1st  March  1628-9,  by  which 'he 
commanded  petitioner  to  assist  the  late  Earl  of  Carlisle  in  his  em- 
ployment for  his  Majesty's  affairs  in  parts  beyond  seas,  petitioner 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  169 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

furnished  him  with  money  at  home,  and  credit  abroad,  for  a  very- 
considerable  sum,  whereof  at  his  return  he  gave  satisfaction  for  the 
most  part,  leaving,  nevertheless,  a  bond  unpaid  of  2,]  321.,  which  he 
gave  at  his  departure,  with  promise  to  pay  the  same  in  April  1629. 
The  Earl  was  often  solicited  to  satisfy  the  said  debt,  and,  after  his 
death,  the  administrators  of  his  will,  but  petitioner  could  never 
obtain  payment  either  of  principal  or  interest,  only  of  late  the  ad- 
ministrators tendered  the  principal,  which  having  been  kept  so  many 
years  is  grown  with  the  interest  to  the  full  forfeiture  of  4,0001., 
although  the  interest  be  accounted  barely,  and  not  interest  upon 
interest,  as  usurers  commonly  do,  and  as  petitioner  has  been  forced 
to  pay  for  great  sums  to  several  men.  Petitioner  prays  a  command 
to  the  administrators  to  satify  the  said  bond,  as  well  interest  as 
principal.     [Copy.    See  Vol.  cccciii,  p  14.     ^  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  the  Earl  of  Carlisle,  Sir  James  If  ay,  and  Archi- 
bald Hay,  feoffees  and  administrators  of  the  late  Sari  of 
Carlisle,  together  with  Lord  Oorivg,  to  whom,  his  Majesty 
has  declared  his  pleasure  in  this  biisiness,  to  take  present 
order  for  petitioner's  satisfaction,  both  of  principal  and 
interest,  his  Majesty  holding  himself  bound  in  honour  to 
see  'petitioner  satisfied,  in  regard  the  moneys  were  lent 
upon  his  Majesty's  coTnmand.  Whitehall,  14th  December 
1638.     [Copy.    Ibid,  p.  U.    ^  p.] 

Dec.  14.  Petition  of  Sir  John  Morley  to  the  King.  Ed[ward]  Higgins,  of 
Chichester,  casually  meeting  petitioner  in  the  cloisters  adjoining  the 
cathedral,  upon  a  conference  begun  concerning  former  passages 
grew  into  much  rage  against  petitioner,  being  of  a  quiet  disposition 
and  unfit  for  quan-els.  Higgins,  being  beyond  all  comparison  the 
stronger  man,  in  conclusion  closed  with  petitioner,  and  much  abused 
him,  though  petitioner  at  first  kept  him  off  by  his  small  riding  rod, 
having  no  other  weapon.  Higgins  being  of  a  contentious  humour, 
waiving  his  own  proper  way  of  action,  threatens  to  prosecute  petitioner 
by  indictment,  as  for  an  offence  against  a  statute  of  Edward  VI. 
concerning  the  striking  in  a  church  or  churchyard  with  a  weapon 
drawn,  as  if  petitioner's  ordinary  little  rod  were  a  weapon  drawn 
within  that  statute,  or  othei-wise  by  information  in  the  Star 
Chamber.  If  petitioner  be  any  way  guilty,  yet  in  respect  that  his 
act  was  forced  upon  him,  and  that  he  has  made  satisfaction  for  what 
error  he  any  way  committed  against  the  chnrcii,  having  received  his 
absolution,  ready  to  be  shown,  he  prays  his  Majesty's  pardon,  and 
that  for  speedj'^  satisfaction,  if  further  required,  his  Majesty  will 
refer  the  premises  to  the  consideration  of  those  who  know  all  parties, 
and  are  in  or  about  London ;  petitioner  nevertheless  being  ready  in 
any  action  at  law  with  a  justification,  and  to  answer  all  damages. 
\Copy.     See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p  1^.     1^.]     Undervmtten, 

1.  His  Majesty  grants  the  petitioner  his  pardon  and  the  Solicitor- 
General  is    to  prepare  a  hill  accordingly.      Whitehall, 
.    I4th  December  1639.    [Ibid,  p.  16.    \  p^ 


170  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

Dec.  14.  67.  Order  of  Council  on  a  petition  presented  by  Lord  Goring  and 
Whitehall,  others,  agents  for  tobacco  licences,  showing  that  upon  the  first  granting 
those  licences  there  was  a  certain  number  liraited  for  divers  cities 
and  towns.  As  j'^et  in  many  of  the  said  cities  and  towns  the  number 
of  licences  appointed  has  not  been  taken  out,  whereby  his  Majesty  is 
much  hindered  in  his  .revenue  thereupon.  Petitioners'  suit  there- 
fore was  for  an  order  to  fill  up  the  set  numbers  of  licences  appointed 
as  aforesaid,  or  otherwise  to  let  to  his  Majesty's  best  advantage  the 
said  vacant  licences.  It  was  ordered  that  the  agents  for  the  tobacco 
business  should  fill  up,  let,  or  dispose  of  all  such  licences  vacant  in 
cities  and  towns,  according  as  they  shall  find  best.     [Copy.     1  p.] 

Dec.  14.  68.  The  Council  of  War  to  Sir  Eobert  Pye.  To  draw  an  order 
for  issuing  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley  382?.  13s.  id.  for  pay  allowed  to 
him,  Sir  Thomas  Morton,  and  six  captains,  appointed  to  repair  into 
sundry  counties  to  view  the  forces  and  assist  the  Deputy  Lieutenants ; 
viz.,  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley  at  the  rate  of  11.  6s.  8d.  per  diem,  to  Sir 
Thomas  Morton  at  11.,  and  to  the  six  captains  at  15s.  per  diem,  to 
be  allowed  for  two  months,  commencing  from  13tli  November  last. 
To  be  reckoned  as  part  of  the  privy  seal  of  26th  July  last  for 
200,000?.     [Copy.    |  p.} 

Dec.  ]  4.        Another  copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  34.    p.  34.    f  ^.J 

Dec.  14.  The  same  to  Sir  John  Heydon.  To  deliver  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley 
the  129?.  18s.  Od.  received  by  Sir  John  out  of  the  Exchequer  for 
repairing  the  fort  at  the  Holy  Island  [Copy.  See  this  present 
volume,  No.  62.     |-p] 

Dec.  14.         Another  copy  of  the  same.     [See  Vol.   cccxcvi.,  p.  32.     \  p.] 

Dec.  14.  69.  Mark  Thomas,  Mayor  of  Rye,  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Upon  re- 
Eye-  ccipt  of  your  letter  [see  this  Volume  No.  63],  I  made  enquiry  for  Lord 
St.  John  and  his  servant  Ash,  and  put  them  in  safe  custody,  and 
commanded  two  of  our  sergeants  of  the  mace  to  watch  at  their 
chamber  doors.  I  viewed  my  Lord's  and  Ash's  valises  and  mails, 
and  myself,  with  Mr.  Heily  and  the  clerk  of  the  passage,  searched 
them,  and  the  papers  found  about  them  I  have  sent  enclosed.  I  find 
by  a  master  of  a  boat  of  this  town,  by  name  John  Brown,  that  my 
Lord  said  to  him,  that  if  he  found  not  himself  well,  the  passage  boat 
that  was  to  carry  him  to  France  should  carry  him  to  Gravesend,  so 
from  thence  he  would  return  for  London.  TSeals  with  arms 
damaged.     1  p.] 

Dec.  14.  70.  Capt.  William  Legge  to  Montjoy  Earl  of  Newport.  I  have 
York.  seen  the  last  of  Sir  Jacob  Astley 's  provisions  delivered  at  Hull,  and 
am  on  my  way  to  Newcastle,  to  see  what  Heath  and  my  Dutchman 
have  done  there.  Within  two  days  I  shall  be  returned  from  thence, 
and  then  will  give  you  and  Sec.  Windebank  a  fuller  account.  The 
number  of  these  arms  is  not  answerable  to  the  first  proportion  sent 
me  by  Sir  Jacob.  Their  sufiiciency  I  am  not  able  to  inform,  my  care 
being  for  their  accommodation  and  lending,  having  no  time  for 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  171 


1638.  V0L.CCCC1V. 

proof.      It    is  almost  two  months  since   I   received    any  of  your 
commands.     [Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank     1  ^.] 

t 

Dec.  14.  71.  Certificate  of  Sir  Edward  Salter,  that  William  Cape,  of 
Garstang,  co.  Lancaster,  had  this  day  taken  the  oath  of  allegiance 
before  him.     [J  p.] 

Dec.  14.  72.  List  of  counties  assigned  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley  and  to  Sir 
Thomas  Morton  respectively,  with  the  names  of  the  captains  who 
with  them  were  to  see  the  trained  bands  put  in  order.    [ Draft.    [1  p.] 

Dec.  14.         73.  Copy  of  the  same,     [f  p.] 

Dec.  14.  74.  Statement,  attributed  in  the  endorsement  to  Mr.  Stanley,  of 
the  way  in  which  the  business  concerning  recusants  is  managed  in 
the  eleven  northern  counties,  with  the  reasons  why  the  like  business 
has  had  so  slow  a  progress  in  the  southern  parts.  The  mode  of 
proceeding  both  in  south  and  north  is  very  minutely  stated. 
l=Bpp.] 

Dec.  14.  75.  Notes  upon  the  above  subject,  partly  probably  derived  from 
the  preceding  paper,  and  partly  "  from  the  information  of  Mr.  Stanley 
and  Mr.  Darrell."     ^Incomplete.     4|  pp.] 

Dec.  15.  Kelease  to  William  Earl  of  Salisbury  of  the  fines  of  1,400?.  and 
6,000?.  set  at  the  last  Justice  Seat  for  Rockingham  Forest,  touching 
his  parks  of  Brigstock  in  that  forest,  and  all  previous  fines  incurred 
contrary  to  the  forest  laws,  in  consideration  of  3,000?.,  to  be  paid  by 
1,000?.  per  annum,  with  a  deafibrestation  of  the  same  parks,  which 
are  now  disparked,  and  licence  again  to  impark  the  same,  with  all 
privileges  accustomed.     [Docqvst.'] 

Dec.  15.  Warrant  to  pay  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley,  governor  of  the  fort  at 
Plymouth  and  of  the  island  of  St.  Nicholas,  oil?,  half  year's  pay  to 
him  and  the  ofiicers  and  soldiers  there.     [Bocquet] 

Dec.  15.  76.  Sir  Robert  Rich,  Sir  WiUiam  Becher,  Edward  Johnson,  and 
Lawrence  Whitaker  to  the  Council.  According  to  your  order  of 
29th  November  last,  we  have  called  before  us  Joseph  Symonds, 
William  Symonds,  George  Pickering,  and  Richard'Gibbs,  complained 
of  in  the  petition  of  Thomas  Violet,  and  have  charged  them  with 
the  scandalous  speeches  therein  mentioned,  whereunto,  though  they 
give  negative  answers,  yet  still  with  reservation  that  they  do  not 
remember  that  they  uttered  such  speeches,  some  of  them  acknow- 
ledging that  speeches  of  variance  passed  betwixt  them  and  Violet, 
and  that  there  was  contestation,  but  in  a  jesting  manner ;  so  that,  no 
other  being  present,  no  other  proof  appears  against  William  Symonds, 
Pickering,  and  Gibbs  besides  Violet's  affidavit ;  therefore,  they  being 
persons  that  may  be  useful  for  his  Majesty's  service,  and  bavin  o- 
engaged  themselves  to  be  for  the  future  conformable  to  government 
we  conceive,  if  you  think  fit,  to  free  them,  and  restore  them  to  their 
liberty  of  buying  and  selling  gold  and  silver  at  the  office,  it  may 
conduce  to  his  Majesty's  service.    For  Joseph  Symonds,  we  find 


172  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


1C38.  ^^^-  ^^^^^^- 

proof  against  him  by  the  affidavit  of  three  witnesses,  whom  we 
leave  to  be  proceeded  with  as  to  you  shall  seem  meet.  But  in  re- 
gard of  the  profession  he  has  made  of  being  sorry  for  such  speeches, 
and  of  his  willingness  to  conform  himself,  as  also  of  his  poverty  and 
great  charge  of  children,  if  you  restore  him  to  his  liberty  of 
buying  silver  at  the  office,  we  hope  it  will  rather  further  than 
hinder  his  Majesty's  service.  But  if  he  be  found  in  his  actions 
contrary  to  his  profession,  we  shall  then  think  him  fitter  to  be 
proceeded  with  than  spared.     [2  pp.] 

Dec.  15.  Petition  of  Thomas  Mason  to  the  King.  There  are  divers  petty 
commodities,  inward  and  outward,  for  which  there  is  no  custom  or 
import  at  all  paid,  but  the  farmers  grant  bills  of  store  in  such  cases, 
which  is  the  royal  gift,  and  not  accounted  in  the  farm,  nor  any  set 
officer  to  make  the  said  bills.  Petitioner  prays  order  that  he 
may  have  the  sole  making  of  bills  of  store  in  England  and  Wales 
for  31  years,  with  allowance  of  such  reward  for  the  same  as  the  parties 
usually  give,  rendering  his  Majesty  the  yearly  rent  of  201.  per 
annum.     {Copy.    See  Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  13.     i  p-l     Underwritten, 

I.  His  Majesty  being  willing  to  hestow   some  fit  suit  up&n  peti- 

tionert,  refers  Ms  request  to  the  Lord  Treasurer,  upon 
whose  approbation  the  Attorney  or  Solicitor  General  is  to 
draw  up  a  lease  to  petitioner  as  the  Lord  Treasurer 
shall  think  fit.  St.  Jameses,  ^Qth  March  1638.  \Oopy. 
Ibid.    \  p.l 

II,  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  to  the  King.    Bills  of  store  are  of  this 

nature  ;  when  the  commodity  is  slight,  has  suffered  detri- 
ment, or  is  for  the  proper  use  of  the  merchant,  the  farmers, 
by_  a  clause  of  their  patent,  may  grant  a  bill  of  store, 
vjhereby  the  quantity  mentioned  in  that  hill  is  freed  from 
paying  custom  and  impost.  I  sent  to  the  farmers,  and 
found  that  they  claimed  the  making  of  these  bills  in 
respect  of  the  abatement  of  custom,  but  in  regard  of  the 
invpost,  though  they  pretend  custom  for  both,  they  could 
not  deny  but  his  Majesty  was  to  appoint  the  officer  for 
that  part.     [Copy.     Ibid,    p  14i.    i  p."] 

Ill  His  Majesty  grants  petitioner  the  office  of  making  bills  of  store 
for  impost,  and  the  Lord  Treasurer  is  to  give  order  for 
preparing  a  bill  for  granting  the  same,  with  such  fee  as 
his  Lordship  shall  find  fit.  Whitehall,  1 5th  December 
1638.     ICopy.    Ibid.     ^  p.} 

Dec.  15.  77.  Lord  Chief  Justice  Bramston,  Lord  Chief  Justice  Finch,  and 
Lord  Chief  Baron  Davenport  to  the  Council.  In  pursuance  of 
order  of  the  9th  February  last,  upon  a  petition  of  Sir  William 
Killigrew  against  the  Earl  of  Exeter,  for  disturbing  him  in  his  pos- 
session of  certain  severals  in  Revesby,  co.  Lincoln.  In  which  order  the 
matter  referred  to  our  consideration  was  whether  the  subsequent 
decree  of  11th  Charles  could  extend  to  explain  the  decree  of  6th 


DOMESTIC—CHARLES  I. 


173 


1638. 


Dec.  15. 
Dec.  15. 


Dec.  17. 

Ipswich. 


Dec.  17. 

Harwich. 


Dec.  17. 

Yarmouth, 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

Cliarles,  or  no.  We  are  of  opinion  that  it  cannot.  The  words  of  the 
decree  of  6th  Charles  being  "by  Mareham,  Revesby,  Kirkby,  and 
Hagnaby,"  we  are  of  opinion  that  those  places  are  named  only 
as  boundaries,  and  not  to  be  included  in  the  decree.  So  that 
the  Earl's  lands  in  Revesby  being  not  included  in  the  decree  of  6th 
Charles,  and  so  not  bound  to  take  notice  of  that  tax,  cannot  by  the 
subsequent  explanatory  decree  of  11th  Charles  be  made  liable  to  a 
sale  for  nonpayment  thereof     [=li3'] 

78.  Account  by  Sir  William  Russell  of  ship-money  for  1637.  Total 
received  163,255?.  Os.  Id,  remaining  33,159?.  7s.  Id.     [1  p,J 

79.  Accounts  of  ship-money  for  1G37  remaining  in  the  hands  of 
the  sheriffs,  total  2,240?.,  which  makes  the  total  levied  165,495?., 
being  19,457?.  less  than  was  levied  on  16th  December  1637.     [1  p.] 

80.  William  Moysey  and  John  Barbur,  bailiffs  of  Ipswich,  to  the 
Council.  Upon  receipt  of  your  letters  of  the  11th  inst.,  we  caused 
the  owners  and  masters  of  ships  trading  for  coals  to  appear  before 
us,  and  acquainted  them  with  your  letters,  requiring  them  to  go 
to  fetch  coal  from  Newcastle  for  the  city  of  London,  we  also  inti- 
mated to  them  that  his  Majesty  gave  way  that  such  masters  and 
owners  as  should  now  furnish  the  City  should  have  liberty  to 
sell  their  coals  according  to  the  price  of  the  market.  To  which  they 
answered  that  they  were  willing  to  submit  to  your  commands,  and 
informed  us  that  there  are  about  ten  or  twelve  sail  of  ships  laden 
with  coals  in  this  harbour,  the  which  have  lain  ready-bound  for  Lon- 
don these  fourteen  days,  and  will,  with  the  first  fair  weather,  set  sail ; 
also  there  have  been  between  40  and  50  sail  sent  to  Newcastle 
about  three  weeks  since,  which  they  expect  with  the  first  fair  wind 
to  be  at  London.  They  further  informed  us  that  there  are  now  in 
this  harbour  about  four  or  five  and  twenty  sail  which  suffered  damage 
in  the  late  tempestuous  weather,  and  are  to  be  repaired  before  they 
can  be  sent  to  sea,  which  shall  be  done  with  the  best  expedition  they 
can.  We  also  sent  a  copy  of  your  letters  to  the  mayor  of  Harwich,  a 
member  of  this  port,  and  desired  him  to  give  charge  to  the  masters 
and  shipowners  there.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  ^.] 

81.  Richard  Hankin  [Mayor  of  Harwich  ?]  to  the  same.  According 
to  your  letter,  I  sent  for  the  masters  of  ships  belonging  to  our  port, 
being  seven  which  are  fit  for  that  service.  Five  of  them  are  laid  up 
on  the  Ouse,  and  cannot  get  off  until  a  spring  tide,  which  will  be  a 
day  or  two  after  Christmas  Day.  The  other  two  were  laying  up  their 
ships,  but  hearing  your  pleasure,  presently  addressed  themselves  for 
Newcastle,  and  are  gone  this  day.     [1  jf>.] 

82.  Thomas  Medowe  and  Thomas  Manthorp,  bailiffs  of  Great 
Yarmouth,  to  the  same.  In  answer  to  your  letter  of  the  11th  inst., 
there  is  not,  in  this  port,  any  shipping  heretofore  employed  in  fetching 
coals,  but  the  same  is  still  continued,  and  not  any  shipping  has  been 
laid  up  Avhich  has  been  formerly  in  that  trade,  the  number  being 


174  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638, 


Vol.  CCCCrV. 


eight  vessels,  to  whom  we  have  made  known  his  Majesty's  commands. 
ISeal  of  the  town.     1  ^.] 

Dec.  17.  83.  Attorney-General  Bankes  and  Solicitor-General  Littleton  to 
the  Council.  According  to  order  of  the  16th  inst.,  we  have  called  the 
tinners  of  Cornwall  and  his  Majesty's  tin-farmers,  and  we  certify 
that,  by  indenture  of  8th  January  1635-6,  the  farmers  are  to  pay 
the  tinners  and  owners  of  tin-works  in  Cornwall,  30Z.  for  every 
thousand  stannary  weight  of  white,  soft,  merchantable  tin.  The 
tinners  and  owners  desire  to  have  34L  3s.  4(Z.  for  every  thousand, 
which  is  a  penny  in  a  pound  increase  of  price.  The  farmers  will  not 
yield,  in  regard  they  say  the  commodity  will  not  bear  it ;  but  they 
are  willing  to  surrender  their  new  lease  for  seven  years,  so  that  they 
may  receive  satisfaction  for  two  years'  tin  upon  their  hands,  according 
to  the  price  they  bought  it  at,  with  interest  for  their  monej'  and 
charges  ;  or,  if  the  succeeding  farmers  will  not  buy  their  stock,  that 
then  they  may  have  a  year's  time  to  vend  it ;  and  during  that  time 
that  the  succeeding  farmers  may  vend  no  tin ;  and  the  increased  rent 
offered  by  the  new  farmers  may  go  to  the  tinners,  to  increase  the 
price  of  their  tin.     \I)amaged  by  damp.     |  p.] 

t 

Dec.  17.  84.  Dr.  Peter  Turner  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Describes  the  reception 
Merton  College,  which  the  archbishop's  orders  for  the  regulation  of  Merton  College 
met  with  from  Sir  Nathaniel  Brent.  He  made  show  to  approve  of 
them,  with  some  additions  which  he  desired  Turner  to  represent  to 
the  archbishop.  Most  of  the  additions  are  the  same  which  are  men- 
tioned in  Sir  Nathaniel's  letter  of  this  same  date.  Among  those  not 
so  mentioned,  he  desired  that  the  fellows  might  be  required  to  speak 
Latin  at  all  times  within  the  college,  and  not  merely  at  meals  in  the 
hall,  which  Turner  thought  superfluous,  as  already  required.  He 
disliked  an  order  which  limited  men's  absence  from  the  college  and 
required  them  to  ask  leave,  as  contrary  to  the  former  liberties  and 
custom  of  the  college,  and  suggested  a  register  in  which  men  were 
to  enter  their  names  at  going  forth  and  returning.  Concerning  the 
choice  of  their  brewer,  the  archbishop  had  interdicted  them  to  choose 
Mr.  Carpenter.  Turner  suggests  that  during  this  visitation  it  was 
unfit  for  the  archbishop  to  over-rule  a  matter  of  that  nature  in  behalf 
of  a  man  whose  relation  to  the  archbishop,  and  his  religion,  might 
render  the  archbishop's  action  obnoxious  to  misconstruction.  On 
these  grounds  Turner  expressed  his  hope  that  the  interdict  would  be 
recalled.     [1^  p.} 

Dec.  17.  85.  Sir  Nathaniel  Brent  to  the  same.  Your  directions  in  your 
Oxford.  letter  of  the  7th  inst.  shall  be  punctually  observed.  In  the  first  of 
the  orders  formerly  sent  to  the  college  which  concerns  the  coming 
into  the  college  hall  to  meals,  something  may  be  fitly  added.  In 
regard  no  penalty  is  set  down,  some  make  bold  to  absent  themselves, 
and  others  come  so  late  that  it  is  very  troublesome  to  those  that 
keep  their  times  better  to  sit  at  the  table  until  these  have  ended 
their  meals.  It  may  be  ordered  that  all  the  commons  be  brought 
into  the  hall  every  dinner  and  supper,  which  will  cause  those  to 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  175 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

•whom  they  belong  to  follow  them,  that  they  may  not  lose  their 
meal.  At  the  hearing  at  Lambeth  you  prefixed  a  time  for  all  those 
that  held  benefices  to  resolve  whether  they  would  adhere  to  their 
benefices  or  to  their  fellowships.  The  words  were  indefinitely  de- 
livered, and  are  so  expressed  in  the  12th  order.  I  suppose,  therefore, 
that  you  meant  only  those  who  formerly  might  have  kept  both,  and 
not  those  who  by  statute  and  custom  were  to  leave  the  college  at  the 
end  of  their  year  of  grace.  I  leave  it  to  your  determination,  and 
move  it  now  because  Mr.  Woodcock's  year  of  grace  is  lately  ended. 

Dec.  17.  86.  Sir  John  Manwood  to  [Robert]  Eeade,  Principal  Secretary  to 
Sec.  Windebank.  I  have  sent  you  a  copy  of  the  foreign  droits  and 
duties,  by  which  yoa  may  see  that,  although  they  do  not  pay  for 
passing  the  boom  in  France  as  they  do  in  Flanders,  yet  they  pay  for 
congas,  which  is  the  same  thing.  To  go  down  before  this  business 
be  settled  I  cannot,  for  I  shall  be  a  scorn  in  my  office,  and  so  made 
incapable  to  serve  the  King  at  Dover.  And  this  I  humbly  desire 
Sec.  Windebank  to  take  into  his  consideration.  \_Seal  with  arms. 
Ip.] 

Dec.  17.         87.  Copy  of  the  principal  part  of  the  foregoing.     [1^  p.\ 

Dec.  18.  Warrant  to  the  Sub-Dean  and  Prebendaries  of  St.  Peter's,  West- 
minster, to  pay  into  the  Exchequer  all  moneys  belonging  to  the 
Bishop  of  Lincoln  as  their  Dean,     \Pocquet\ 

Dec.  18.  Warrant  for  payment  to  William  Ledman,  appointed  one  of  the 
yeoman  prickers  of  the  privy  buckhounds,  in  place  of  William 
Connock,  deceased,  2s.  per  diem  for  wages,  and  20s.  yearly  fur  a 
livery  at  Christmas,     {pocquetl 

Dec.  18.  A  like  for  payment  to  William  Pitman,  also  appointed  yeoman 
pricker,  in  place  of  the  said  William  Connock  ;  20d  per  diem,  and  20s. 
yearly  for  a  livery  at  Christmas.     [Docquet.^ 

Dec.  18.  A  like  for  payment  to  George  Fryer,  one  of  the  j-eomen  of  the 
waggon  for  the  privy  buckhounds,  in  place  of  William  Rawson, 
deceased,  261.  13s.  id.  per  annum,  quarterly,  and  20s.  yearly  for  a 
livery  at  Christmas.     [Docqiiet^ 

Dec.  1 8.  Pardon  to  Thomas  Watkins,  William  King,  James  Pybus,  Thomas 
Barnes,  Hugh  Watkins,  William  Blithman  and  Adam  Lambert, 
beavermakers  of  London,  of  all  offences  by  them  committed  in 
that  art  wherewith  they  are  charged  by  an  information  exhibited  in 
the  Star  Chamber.     [Docquet] 

Dec.  18.  The  King  to  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  and  the  rest  of  the 
Commissioners  for  Sutton's  Ho.spital,  to  admit  Robert  Jones,  late  his 
Majesty's  haberdasher,  to  the  next  pensioner's  place.     [Docquef] 


176  DOMESTIC— CIIATILES  I. 


,-„_  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

Dec.  18.  Grant  of  denization  for  William  Maccord,  his  Majesty's  servant, 
born  in  Scotland,  and  for  Margaret  Tayler,  widow,  Anne  de  Petain, 
and  Abraham  Kuffeler,  born  in  foreign  parts,  part  of  the  number 
granted  to  David  Alexander.     [DocquetJ] 

Dec.  18.  88.  The  King  to  Sir  John  Astley,  Sergeant-Major  General  of  the 
Whitehall.  Field.  Instructions : — To  make  his  repair  to  cos.  Leicester,  Notting- 
ham, Derby,  Stafford,  Rutland,  Lincoln,  the  west  riding  of  York- 
shire, and  Northumberland,  with  the  towns  of  Hull  and  Newcastle, 
and  to  see  the  letters  of  the  Council  for  mustering  the  trained  bands 
put  in  execution,  their  arms  viewed,  their  persons  exercised,  and 
a  survey  taken  of  the  public  magazines.  At  Hull  he  is  to  make  a 
survey  how  that  town  is  to  be  fortified,  to  view  the  arms  sent  from 
the  Tower  and  brought  from  the  Low  Countries,  and  to  leave  Capt. 
Ballard  and  Mr.  Pinkney  there  to  assist  Capt.  Legge,  and  to  see  the 
ordnance  that  is  to  come  from  Holland  and  the  Tower  well  stowed. 
Thence  he  is  to  repair  to  York,  to  muster  the  trained  hands,  and  raise 
the  regiments  from  1,000  to  1,500  men.  Thence  he  is  to  repair  to 
Newcastle,  and  to  consider  how  it  may  be  made  safe.  He  is  to  view 
'  also  the  castle  of  Tynemouth,  and  a  piece  of  ground  at  Shields  whereon 
to  raise  a  sconce.  He  is  also  to  view  the  rivers  Tweed  and  Tyne, 
and  the  passages,  and  to  consider  the  fittest  places  for  making  stages 
for  supply  of  victuals,  also  what  corn,  butter,  and  cheese  may  be 
had  in  that  country,  and  a  suflBcient  proportion  of  roust-waggons. 
He  is  also  to  survey  the  fort  on  the  Holy  Island,  and  consider  how 
the  garrison  there  may  be  reinforced  secretly  and  without  noise.  He 
is  to  advertise  the  Earl  Marshal  or  one  of  the  secretaries  of  his 
proceedings.     [4|  pp.'\ 

« 

[Dec.  18.]        89.  Copy  of  the  same.     [15  pp.] 

[Dec.  18.]       Further  copy.     \_See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  36.     6J  pp."] 

[Dec.  18.]  90.  First  rough  draft  in  the  handwriting  of  Sir  Henry  Vane. 
[6  pp.] 

Dec.  18.         91.  Draft  finally  settled  in  the  handwriting  of  Nicholas.     [6  pp.] 

Dec.  18.  92.  Petitionof  James  Lord  Kintyre  to  the  King.  Petitioner's  late 
deceased  father,  Archibald  Earl  of  Argyle,  was,  a  little  before  his  death, 
a  suitor  to  your  Majesty'  for  new  letters  patent  of  the  marshes  of 
Tydd  St.  Mary's,  Holbeach,  Wigtoft,  and  Moulton,  co.  Lincoln,  granted 
by  the  late  King  to  Charles  Glemham  and  others  by  letters  patent 
dated  29th  April  1615,  in  trust  for  petitioner's  father  and  his  heirs. 
The  consideration  of  whose  desires  your  Majesty  referred  to  Lord 
Cottington  and  the  Attorney-General,  who  have  made  certificate,  as  by 
petition  and  certificate  annexed.  All  which  before-mentioned  premises 
petitioner's  father  has  left  to  petitioner  for  his  principal  support. 
There  appears  no  exception  against  the  said  grant,  but  that  the 
marshes  have  not  been  embanked  as  was  covenanted,  which  has  not 
happened  by  any  neglect,  but  by  the  disturbance  of  intruders  and 
pretenders,  against  whom  proceedings  have  been  liad.     Petitioner 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  177 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

intends  to  proceed  therein  if,  by  a  more  full  assurance  from  his 
Majesty  (he  and  his  partners  being  to  expend  great  sums  of  money 
therein),  they  shall  be  encouraged  to  proceed.  Hopes  his  Majesty 
will  continue  his  favour  to  petitioner,  and  will  waive  all  strict  advan- 
tage of  law,  the  rather  as  his  Majesty  has  lost  little  or  nothing  that 
was  ever  enjoyed  by  the  Crown,  petitioner's  father  having  most 
suffered  in  losing  benefit  of  his  grant  made  upon  consideration  of 
good  service  against  the  Macgregors  in  Scotland.  Prays  warrant  to 
the  Attorney-General  to  prepare  a  bill  for  a  grant  to  petitioner  under 
the  former  rent.     [J  p.]     Underwritten, 

92.  I.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  to 
certify  the  value  of  the  lands  mentioned  in  this  petition. 
Whitehall,  I8th  December  1638.     [i  j>.]     Endorsed, 

92.  II.  The  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington  to  the  King.  The 
late  Earl  of  Argyle  petitioned  your  Majesty  for  certain 
marsh  lands,  and  had  a  grant  of  10,000  acres,  upon  con- 
dition that  they  should  be  embanked  and  inned  by  a  time 
limited,  luhich,  not  being  at  all  performed,  Mr.  Attorney 
lately  reported  that  that  patent  was  of  no  validity.  The 
lands  lie  within  the  Great  Level,  and  are  a  part  of  your 
Majesty's  undertaJcing  to  drain  the  same.  We  conceive 
it  to  be  our  duty  not  to  set  a  value  upon  these  lands  until 
you  dispose  and  order  the  luhole,  but  of  late  %ue  have  not 
sold  lands  of  this  nature  under  4()s.  per  acre.     [|  ^.] 

Dec.  1 8.  Petition  of  Sir  Francis  Kynaston  to  the  King.  Petitioner  and 
his  poor  children  having  been  very  liardly  used  by  his  father.  Sir 
Edward  Kynaston,  have  been  enforced  (as  no  mediation  of  friends 
could  prevail)  to  have  recourse  to  your  Majesty's  justice,  and  by 
divers  petitions  to  implore  relief,  wherein,  although  you  have  wi'itten 
your  letter  of  recommendation  to  Sir  Edward  Kynaston,  who  has 
also  long  since  received  a  friendly  letter  from  the  Earl  of  Stirling 
and  Sec.  Windebank,  yet  he  has  really  performed  nothing  in 
obedience  thereto.  Petitioner's  suit  is  for  a  reference  to  Archbishop 
Laud  and  others  of  the  Council,  that  they  may  send  for  Sir  Edward, 
and  upon  full  hearing  make  such  an  end  as  they  shall  think 
conformable  to  his  Majesty's  pleasure.  {Copy.  See  Vol.  cccciii., ' 
p.  17.    I  p.]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to  Archbishop  Laud,  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon,  the 
Earls  of  Dorset,  Holland,  and  Stirling,  and  Sec.  Winde- 
bank, to  call  the  parties  before  them,  and  determine  their 
differences.  Whitehall,  ISth  December  1638,  [Copy. 
Ibid.,  p.  lb.    Ip.l 

Dec.  18,  93.  Petition  of  Sir  Popham  Southcote,  his  Majesty's  farmer  and 
servant,  to  the  same.  Had  long  laboured  to  advance  your  Majesty's 
profit,  and  at  last  became  a  farmer,  on  extreme  hard  conditions,  both 
of  rent  and  security,  being  compelled  to  enter  into  bonds  of  unusual 
and  extraordinary  penalty.     Sets  forth  the  difficulties  he  has  met 

13,  M 


178  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


■with,  the  business  being  highly  discountenanced ;  great  opposition 
raised  by  the  soap-makers,  and  refusal  to  pay  the  duties ;  so  that  he 
Las  expended  much  more  than  he  has  received.  He  has  also  met 
■with  so  many  casualties  that  at  best  he  can  hope  for  no  gain,  but 
must  supply  the  rent  with  his  o^wn  charge  and  labour.  Prays  a 
grant  of  reasonable  time  for  payment  of  his  first  half-year's  rent,  and 
that  no  advantage  may  be  taken  against  petitioner  by  suing  his 
great  bonds.     [|  p.]     Underwritten, 

93.  I.  Reference  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Oottington, 
calling  to  them  the  Attorney-Oeneral,  to  take  a  course  for 
relief  of  petitioner  as  they  shall  find  fit.  Whitehall, 
18th  December  1638.     [i  p.}     Endorsed, 

93.  II.  The  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Oottington  to  the  King.    The 

above  petition  discovers  much  weakness  in  j>etitioner's  estate 
and  judgment.  Your  Majesty  may  remember  with  hov) 
much  importunity  he  obtained  this  farm,  which  was  taken 
from  Mr.  Saint  Hill,  a  discreet  and  powerful  man,  who  in- 
deed was  the  author  of  the  business,  and  without  all  doubt 
luould  have  settled  it  with  less  noise  and  trouble.  Peti- 
tioner now,  instead  of  paying  his  rent,  seems  to  complain 
of  hard  measure,  as  if  the  farm  had  been  put  upon  him, 
or  that  he  has  not  had  all  reasonable  assistance.  If  he  be 
now  unable  to  pay  1,250Z.,  which  is  the  half-year's  rent, 
we  conceive  he  will  be  less  able  to  pay  2,5  OOZ.,  which  will 
be  due  at  the  year's  end,  and  so  at  last  your  Majesty  will 
lose  your  rent,  and  be  forced  to  settle  new  tenants  formerly 
refused.    20th  December  1638.     [f^.] 

Dec.  18.         94.  The  Council  of  War  to  Sir  Eobert  Pye.     To  draw  an  order 
■Whitehall,     for  issuing  to  Sir  Jacob  Astley  1,000Z.  upon  account,  to  be  reckoned 

as  part  of  the  200,000Z.  to  be  issued  by  privy  seal.     [Draft,     f  p.] 

Endorsed, 

94.  I.   Memorandum  by  Nicholas.     A   letter  to  H[umphrey] 

Hlide],  sheriff  of  Berks,  to  send  a  summons  to  the  rest  of 
the  sheriffs  for  sortie  representatives  to  meet  for  assessing 
the  sums  payable  for  setting  forth  a  ship  of  450  tons. 
[9  lines.l 

Dec.  18.  Copy  of  the  foregoing  letter  of  the  Council  of  War.  [See 
Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  50.     ^  p.] 

Dec.  18.  95.  Order  of  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  and  Lord  Cottington  for  pay- 
ment of  551.  to  Thomas  Patt,  master  of  the  harriers  and  beagles, 
upon  his  fee  of  1201.  per  annum  for  himself,  one  footman  and  four 
horsemen,  and  his  allowance  of  lOOit.  per  annum  for  keeping  20 
couple  of  hounds  for  his  Majesty's  disport.  [Underwritten.  Request 
of  Sir  Robert  Pye  to  Mr.  Savile  to  pay  the  above.     1  p.J 

Dec.  18.        96.  See  "  Returns  made  by  Justices  of  Peace." 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  1/9 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

Dec.  19.         97.  The  King  to  Robert  Earl  of  Essex,  Lord  Lieutenant  of  co. 

Whitehall.  Stafford.  We  have  from  time  to  time  given  directions  to  the  Council 
to  signify  our  pleasure  to  the  lords  lieutenants  for  the  mustering  and 
exercising  the  trained  bands.  Lest  those  directions  should  not 
have  been  so  exactly  observed  as  these  times  require,  we  again  com- 
mand the  execution  of  our  former  directions,  and,  that  our  forces  of 
that  county  may  be  in  readiness,  we  have  sent  Capt.  Erneley  to 
you,  whose  advice  we  would  have  you  to  cause  to  be  observed. 
We  likewise  recommend  to  your  care  the  increasing  of  the  numbers 
both  of  horse  and  foot,  so  as  to  make  a  regiment  of  1,000  men  1,500, 
and  so  proportionably.  You  will  shortly  receive  order  that  the  lands 
of  all  persons  in  that  county  are  to  be  rated  towards  these  services. 
[Draft.    Hp.] 

Dec.  19.         Copy  thereof.     [See  Vol.  cocxcvi.,  ff.  47.     If  p.] 

Dec.  19.         98.  First  rough  draft  thereof  by  Nicholas.     [|  p.'] 

Dec.  19.         Docquet  thereof     [Docquet.l 

Dec.  19.  Docquet  of  similar  letter  to  William  Earl  of  Derby  and  James 
Lord  Strange,  lieutenants  of  cos.  Chester  and  Lancaster.     [Docquet.'\ 

Dec.  19.  A  like  to  William  Earl  of  Newcastle,  Lord  Lieutenant  of  co.  Not- 
tingham.    [Bocquet] 

Dec.  19.  A  like  to  Henry  Earl  of  Huntingdon,  Lord  Lieutenant  of  cos. 
Leicester  and  Rutland.     [Docquet.^ 

Dec.  19.         A  like  to  Robert  Earl  of  Lindsey,  Lord  Lieutenant  of  co.  Lincoln, 

[Bocquet.l 

Dec.  19.  A  like  to  WiUiam  Earl  of  Devon,  Lord  Lieutenant  of  co.  Derby. 
[Docqv^t.'] 

Dec.  19.  Presentation  of  John  Donne,  LL.D.,  to  the  rectory  of  Ufford,  co. 
Northampton,  void  by  resignation  of  Thomas  Nicholson.    [Docquef] 

Dec.  19.  A  like  for  Michael  Hudson,  M.A.,  to  the  rectory  of  Uffington,  co. 
Lincoln,  void  by  death.     [Docquet.'] 

Dec.  19.  Warrant  to  Sir  David  Cunningham,  receiver  of  his  Majesty's 
revenue  as  Prince  of  Wales,  to  pay  to  Anthony  Roberts,  one  of  his 
Majesty's  musicians  appointed  to  teach  the  Princess  Mary  to  sing, 
100  marks  a  year.     [Docquet] 

[Dec.  19.]  99.  The  King  to  Sir  Thomas  Morton,  Colonel,  and  Gentleman  of 
the  Privy  Chamber.  Instructions : — He  is  to  make  repair  into 
COS.  Chester,  Lancaster,  East  and  North  Ridings  of  Yorkshire, 
Cumberland,  Westmorland,  and  Durham,  to  see  the  letters 
of  the  Council  long  since  sent  for  mustering  the  trained  bands 
duly  put  in  execution,  and  a  survey  to  be  taken  of  ihe  public 
magazines,  also  to  give  account  thereof  to  the  Earl  Marshal.  He 
is  to  desire  the  Bishop  of  Durham  to  call  to  him  the  deputy 
lieutenants  of  that   county  who  are  colonels,  to  appoint  fit  days 

M  2 


180  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

and  places  for  the  musters,  that  the  trained  bands  may  be  in 
readiness  for  defence  of  the  kingdom,  to  treat  with  the  said 
colonels  to  reinforce  the  regiments  from  1,000  men  to  1,500. 
Every  colonel  is  to  speak  with  his  captains  to  provide  themselves 
with  a  waggon  or  cart  for  the  company's  accommodation,  for 
which  the  King  will  give  allowance,  and  every  captain  to  appoint 
every  soldier  of  his  company  to  have  with  him  a  knapstack, 
wherein  to  carry  certain  days'  victuals.  He  is  to  "  use  the  colonels 
with  all  humanity,"  to  assure  them  they  shall  be  employed  if  fit, 
and  if  they  want  able  officers,  to  supply  them  out  of  his  list. 
He  is  to  consider  of  the  fittest  places  for  stages  for  supply  of 
victuals  for  sustaining  an  army,  and  what  store  of  corn,  butter, 
cheese,  and  victuals  is  to  be  had  in  the  country,  and  at  what 
rates.  His  chiefest  place  of  residence  being  to  be  Durham,  he  is 
to  consider  how  the  army  may  be  best  drawn  together  and 
quartered  there,  and  how  a  sufficient  proportion  of  waste  waggons 
may  be  provided  there,  and  if  there  be  any  gunsmiths  in  tho^e 
parts,  and  if  so  to  encourage  them  to  set  in  hand  with  making 
snaphaunces  or  other  arms  or  utensils  of  war.  He  is  to  take 
notice  what  voluntary  offers  shall  be  made  by  the  nobility  or 
gentry  to  do  the  King  service,  and  to  advertise  the  state  of  the 
King's  affairs,  and  what  he  conceives  [fit  ?]  to  be  done  for  the 
advancement  of  the  same.     \Copy.     2f  _p^.] 

Copy  of  the  above.     \_See  Vol.  cccxcvi.,  p.  43.     4;^  p.] 

100.  Notes  made  by  Nicholas  on  the  settlement  of  a  draft  of  the 
preceding,  with  a  variety  of  suggested  emendations.     [1|  p.'] 

101.  Order  of  the  King  in  Council.  Upon  consideration  of 
petitions  of  the  Cinque  Ports,  the  towns  of  Southampton,  Poole, 
Weymouth,  Melcombe  Regis,  Great  Yarmouth,  Lewes,  and  the 
traders  in  fish  and  salt  of  London,  touching  the  vending  of  salt  made 
at  Shields,  and  upon  heoTing  the  agents  of  the  ports,  and  the  answer 
of  Thomas  Horth  and  the  new  undertakers  of  the  salt  business,  and 
conceiving  it  to  be  a  matter  of  great  advantage  that  salt  made  within 
his  Majesty's  own  dominions  should  be  preferred  before  foreign  salt, 
and  finding  that  salt  made  in  his  Majesty's  dominions  is  sufficient 
for  use  if  it  be  skilfully  handled,  it  was  ordered,  that  the  said 
business  be  forthwith  established,  and  that  for  the  price  Lord  Trea- 
surer Juxon  and  Lord  Cottington  a.re  to  call  before  them  some  fisher- 
men and  others,  and  upon  hearing  them  and  the  said  Horth,  to  set 
down  at  what  prices  salt  shall  be  sold  by  the  patentees.     [H  ^-J 

102.  Similar  order.  Upon  consideration  of  the  petition  of  the 
tinners  of  Cornwall  for  an  increase  of  price,  and  upon  hearing  divers 
tin  owners  and  his  Majesty's  tin  farmers,  it  was  ordered  that  there 
shall  be  2,000Z.  per  annum  allowed  to  the  tinners  by  way  of  increase 
of  price  upon  a  year's  preparation  of  tin  made  in  that  county,  whereof 
his  Majesty,  out  of  the  revenue  of  that  farm,  allows  1,0001.  yearly, 
and  the  tin  farmers,  at  his  Majesty's  instance,  allow  1,000?.  per 
annum  more,  during  their  farm,  of  which  increase  of  price  his  Majesty 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  181 


lg38_  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

declared  that  he  intends  the  poor  labourers  belonging  to  the  said 
tin-works  to  receive  the  benefit,  and  gave  special  charge  to  the 
gentlemen  that  attended  to  see  it  accordingly  disposed  of.  \_Draft 
by  Nicholas.     1  p.] 

Dec.  19.  103.  Philip  Earl  of  Pembroke  and  Montgomery  to  Sir  John 
Whitehall.  Pennington.  Upon  the  difiiculty  we  found  to  be  repaired  upon  the 
Dunkirkers  for  injuries  done  us,  and  our  application  to  you  for 
repair,  you  wrote,  nominating  then  some  obstacles,  that  if  they  were 
removed  that  business  would  be  done  with  more  ease,  which  though 
we  apprehended  we  had  done,  yet  finding  our  reparation  to  be  short 
of  our  expectations,  we  apprehend  that  either  we  were  short  in  our 
performances,  or  our  letters  came  short  to  you.  We  are  yet  far 
behind  with  them,  notwithstanding  the  injury  lately  done  us  by 
their  contemptuous  taking  the  master  out  of  our  buss,  the  Salisbury, 
and  carrying  him  away  till  we  shall  ransom  him  at  the  price  they  put 
upon  him.  So  that  now,  besides  our  loss,  the  State  suifers  in  point 
of  dishonour,  and  as  you  have  your  share  in  both,  so  we  hope  you 
will  do  your  uttermost  for  the  repair  of  the  whole.  \_SeOjl  with  arms, 
I  p.] 

Dec.  19.  104.  Sir  James  Douglas  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Some  of  our  Council 
Ber[wick-upon-niake  comments  upon  his  Majesty's  covenant,  which  trouble  much, 
"''^^  ■-'  inferring  the  former  and  this  to  be  all  one.  His  Majesty's  commis- 
sioner has  made  declaration  that  their  inverting  of  his  expressions  is 
contrary  to  the  intention  of  his  meaning.  I  suspect  his  Majesty 
shall  take  himself  better  by  tlie  hand  before  he  truly  knows  all. 
We  presume  too  much  upon  his  gracious  goodness.  We  hear  there 
is  [a]  garrison  providing  for  this  town.  If  so  be,  I  entreat  that 
with  them  may  come  arms  for  300  men,  which  shall  be  taken  to  his 
Majesty's  service,  and  paid.  This  town  is  not  of  itself  sufficient 
without  help.  If  the  people  of  Scotland  break,  this  is  of  much  con- 
sideration. Keceive  here[with]  such  printed  passages  as  are.  This 
book  of  Aberdeen  doctors  was  not  suflPered  to  come  abroad  as  soon 
as  it  was  "  owtin."     [2  pp-^ 

Dec.  19.  105.  James  Lord  Livingstone  of  Almont  or  Almond  to  his  cousin 
Pinkie.  Thomas  Livingstone.  Concerning  the  plate  now  in  Mr.  Thomson's 
keeping,  I  hope  he  will  surely  keep  it.  Concerning  the  money 
you  have  so  often  written  for,  I  admire  it  is  so  long  unpaid,  having 
given  order,  by  letters,  several  times,  that  it  should  have  come  to 
you  from  Holland.  For  news  here  I  refer  to  the  bearer,  my  nephew, 
expecting  you  will  acquaint  me  of  what  is  with  you  that  concerns 
us  here.  P.S.  — Mrs.  Threne's  money  was  paid  three  months  ago. 
[^Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank.     Seal  with  arms,  broken.     1  p.] 

Dec.  19.  106.  Petition  of  James  Phillips,  his  Majesty's  footman  in  ordinary, 
to  Archbishop  Laud.  On  Sunday  the  14th  inst.,  at  Rickmansworth, 
petitioner,  coming  to  divine  prayers  after  dinner,  found  in  his  seat 
in  the  church,  for  which  he  renders  due  satisfaction,  one  John 
Parcell,  a  dancing   master,   whom   petitioner  desired  in  friendly 


182  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638, 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

manner  to  depart,  which  Parcell  refusing,  petitioner  endeavoured  to 
put  him  forth,  so  that  the  minister  commanded  both  to  depart 
thence,  which  was  obeyed.  Prays  to  be  freed  from  his  offence,  and 
will  conform  himself  to  whatsoever  the  Archbishop  shall  appoint. 
[iP-l     Underwritten, 

106.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lamhe.    In  regard  petitioner  so 

willingly  submits  himself,  Sir  John  is  to  show  him  what 
lawful  favour  he  can  for  his  freedom  from  further  trouble. 
1638,  December  Idth.     [i  p.] 

Warrant  under  the  Signet,  whereby  his  Majesty  gives  power  to 
Nathaniel  Butter  and  Nicholas  Bourne,  stationers,  for  printing  and 
publishing  all  matter  of  history  or  news  of  any  foreign  place  or 
kingdom,  since  the  first  beginning  of  the  late  German  wars  to  this 
present,  and  also  for  translating  and  publishing  in  the  English 
tongue  all  News,  "Novels,"  Gazettes,  Currantos,  or  Occurrences 
that  concern  foreign  parts,  &c.  for  the  term  of  21  years,  they  paying 
yearly  towards  the  repair  of  St.  Paul's  the  sum  of  lOl.     [Bocquef] 

Pardon  and  release  to  Mary  Barker  and  William  Yeomans,  in  con- 
sideration of  1  SOI.  paid  to  his  Majesty's  use,  of  their  offences  in  pro- 
curing Matthew  Rogers,  a  minor,  to  levy ,  a  fine  of  the  manor  of 
Alderley,  co.  Gloucester.     [Bocquet.'] 

The  King  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter  of  Christ  Church,  Oxford, 
requiring  them  to  suppress  a  supper  or  meeting  annually  held  there 
by  the  scholars  chosen  from  Westminster  school,  called  a  West- 
minster supper.     [^Docquet.l 

Grant  of  a  pension  of  2501.  to  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Sir  William 
Fleetwood,  and  sole  daughter  and  heir  of  Dame  Christian  Harvey,  for 
life,  if  she  survive  her  husband.     [^Docqiiet.] 

Warrant  to  Sir  David  Cunningham,  Eeceiver  of  his  Majesty's 
Revenue  as  Prince  of  Wales,  to  pay  to  Peter  Massonett  appointed  to 
instruct  the  Prince  in  the  French  tongue  60Z.  per  annum.     [Docquet.'] 

107.  Sir  Thomas  Morton  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Sir  Jacob  Astley 
and  myself,  with  the  rest  of  the  officers,  having  met  here  this  night 
so  far  upon  our  journey,  we  find  some  of  the  letters  to  the  lords 
lieutenants  wanting  ;  namely,  a  letter  for  myself  and  Capt.  Richard 
Gibson  to  the  vice-president,  as  also  a  letter  for  Capt.  Henry  Waytes, 
designed  for  Cumberland  and  Westmorland.  Except  the  defect 
be  speedily  supplied  we  shall  be  exceedingly  disordered  in  our  affairs. 
A  little  loss  of  time  now  may  be  of  much  disadvantage  to  the  ser- 
vice.    [1  p.li 

108.  Nicholas  to  Sir  Robert  Hutton.  According  to  the  Lords' 
command,  I  attended  this  morning  Sir  R[obertJ  C[arr],  whose 
answer  is,  that  he  will  send  counsel  to  attend  Mr.  Recorder,  to 
perfect  the  agreement  set  down  in  writing  by  the  Lords'  directions 
at  first ;  but  as  for  the  new  proposition  made  to  him  by  the  Lords  at 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  183 


1638.  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

their  last  meeting,  he  desires  time  to  consider  of  it.  As  for  the  2001. 
he  says  it  has  been  ready  this  fortnight,  and  he  will  deliver  it  as 
soon  as  he  shall  receive  from  my  Lords  his  plate  and  linen,  or  be 
assured  that  it  is  at  his  house  in  the  country,  to  be  delivered  to  such 
as  he  shall  appoint.  This  is  his  answer,  which  I  shall  deliver  to  the 
Lords  as  soon  as  they  meet  upon  any  other  business,  and  wherein 
my  endeavours  may  contribute  to  the  service  of  that  noble  lady,  I 
shall  esteem  the  same  happily  employed.     [Rough  draft,  damaged. 

Dec.  20.  109.  Petition  of  Ann  Key  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Petitioner 
having  had  a  child  by  Bartholomew  Hutchins  about  three  years 
since,  and  being  very  poor,  has  kept  the  said  child  ever  since,  and 
never  had  any  help  from  him,  until  of  late  he  has  conveyed  the  child 
to  some  private  place,  being  then  visited  with  the  small  pox,  en- 
deavouring to  make  away  with  the  child,  and  gives  out  that  she 
shall  never  see  it  again,  petitioner  taking  so  much  grief  by  reason 
she  knows  not  what  is  become  of  her  child,  that  through  want  and 
poverty  she  is  likely  to  perish.  Prays  reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe 
and  Dr.  Merrick,  to  the  intent  she  may  have  the  keeping  of  her 
child,  and  may  be  allowed  means  for  its  maintenance.  [|  p.J 
Underwritten, 

109.  I.  Reference  to  Sir  John  Lambe  and  Dr.  Merrick  to  take  such 

order  as  they  shall  find  to  be  just.     December  20th,  1638. 

Dec,  20.  110.  Officers  of  Ordnance  to  TVEontjoy  Earl  of  Newport.  Accord- 
Office  of     ing  to  order  fi-om  the  Earl  Marshal,  Mr.  Comptroller  Vane,  and  Sec. 

Ordnance,  "w^indebank,  dated  the  13th  inst.,  you  will  receive  herewith  the 
number,  state,  and  condition  of  all  the  armours,  pikes,  swords,  belts, 
and  bandoleers  lately  brought  out  of  the  Low  Countries,  as  by  the 
certificates  of  the  respective  artificers  may  appear.  [|  ^.J  En- 
closed, 

110.  I.  Certificate  of  the  Armourers  of  the  city  of  London,  being 

commanded  by  the  Master  and  Lieutenant  of  the  OrdnaMce 
to  distinguish  every  kind  of  the  Dutch  arms,  and  set  a 
value  on  every  kind.  1,521  armours  are  divided  into 
jive  classes,  varying  in  value  from  15s.  each  to  2s.  6d.; 
there  being  421  of  the  best ;  106  old,  but  of  the  better  sort, 
valued  at  lOa.  each;  414  old  and  small,  valued  at  6s. 
each;  260  light,  valued  at  9s.;  and  320  little,  with  whole 
bands,  valued  at  2s.  6d.  The  armours  consisted  of  breasts, 
backs,  head-pieces,  and  gorgets,  and  there  is  a  return  of 
the  number  and  character  of  each  class,  more  than  300  of 
each  being  declared  "naught."  Tower  of  London,  6th 
December  1638.  [2  pp.J 
110.  II.  Similar  certificate  as  to  2,000  pikes  which  were  ordered 
to  be  16  feet  in  length  and  1^  inch  in  diameter.  1,735 
ranged  between  15^  feet  and  13|,  the  remaining  265  were 
declared  to  be  unserviceable.    Of  the  whole  number  it  is 


184  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 

said,  "  Were  they  in  our  shops  we  could  itot  vent  them,  in 
this  kingdom  at  any  rate."  Tmmr  of  London,  Qth  December 
1638.     [I  p.] 

110.  III.  The  like  as  to  the  bandoleers.  As  to  the  straps  or  belts, 
a  certificate  of  six  able  and  experienced  men  in  leather  is 
annexed,  from  luhich  it  appears  that  they  are  altogether  un- 
serviceable for  his  Majesty's  use.  Tower  of  London,  7th 
December  1638.     [IJi^.]     Annexed, 

110.  III.  i.  Certificate  of  the  six  able  persons  above  mentioned,, 
who,  being  sworn,  point  out  a  variety  of  imperfec- 
tions and  some  frauds  (as  the  substitution  of  brown 
paper  instead  of  leather  for  lining),  whereby  the 
articles  were  Tnade  to  seem  fair  and,  strong,  but  were 
not  so.    Tower  of  London,  7th  Decetnber  1638.    [1  p.] 

110.  IV.  Similar  certiticate  as  to  the  swords.  The  hilts,  handles, 
and  scabbards  were  found  serviceable,  and  the  shapes  for 
the  Tnost  part  defective.  The  sivords  which  were  found 
serviceable  were  approved,  and  those  defective  were  put 
into  tlie  hands  of  the  proof-masters,  whose  return  is 
annexed.     10th  December  1638.     [I  p.']     Annexed, 

110.  IV.  i.  Return  as  to  1,323  swords  viewed  Vjth  December 
1638;  807  were  found  serviceable,  and  valued  at 
6s,  a  piece;  516  defective,  and  valued  at  2s.  Qd.  each. 

110.  V.  Similar  certificate  as  to  the  girdles,  hangers,  and  belts. 

The  girdles  and,  hangers  were  declared  to  be  old,  ".the 
heart  of  the  leather  being  worn  out,''  and  the  belts  were 
made  of  leaMer  only  fit  for  linings.  Such  leather  was 
not  used  for  such  purposes  in  this  country,  not  being  held 
by  law  sufficient.  Toiver  of  London,  20th  December  1638. 
[1^.] 

111.  Sir  William  Beclier  to  Nicholas.  Please  to  move  for  the 
release  of  William  Morgan,  lately  committed.  I  have  taken  bond 
with  a  good  surety  that  he  shall  work  no  more  without  leave  from 
his  Majesty,  and  he  has  delivered  all  his  tools,  which  are  sealed  up. 

Up-'] 

112.  Estimate  of  the  OflBcers  of  the  Ordnance  for  1,000  carbines 
with  snaphammer  locks,  completely  furnished;  total,  1,517^-  6s.  8c?. 
[2  pp.] 

Grant  of  pardon  to  Sir  John  Morley  for  his  offence  by  a  quarrel 
between  him  and  Edward  Higgons  in  the  cloisters  of  Chichester 
Cathedral.     [Docgue^.] 

Warrant  to  pay  2001.  to  Mrs.  Mary  Woodman,  late  wet-nurse  to 
the  Princess  Elizabeth,  as  of  free  gift  and  reward  in  consideration  of 
her  service.     [Docquet] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  185 


jggg  Vol,,  ccccrv. 

Dec.  22.  Grant  of  protection  to  Ralph  Massey,  scrivener,  for  one  year,  with 
the  usual  exceptions,  and  also  except  matters  depending  or  to  be 
commenced  agaiast  him  in  Chancery.     [^Docqueti] 

Dec.  22,  "Warrant  to  William  Kent,  Messenger  of  the  Chamber,  to  take 
into  custody  all  members  of  the  corporation  of  beaver  makers  who 
shall  not  make  their  account  and  pay  their  duty  of  12cL  upon  a  hat, 
according  to  their  contract,     [^Docquet] 

Dec.  22.  Warrant  to  the  Master  of  the  Great  Wardrobe  for  a  livery  for 
David  Forest,  one  of  the  grooms  of  the  Robes  in  ordinary,  in  place 
of  John  Hart.     \_Docquet.'\ 

Dec.  22.  A  like  to  the  Treasurer  and  other  Officers  of  the  Household,  to  pay 
to  John  Giffard  and  Solomon  Cole,  yeoman  and  groom  of  the  bows 
to  the  Queen,  1 2d.  per  diem  to  each  of  them  for  their  board  wages, 
provided  a  former  warrant  be  made  void.     [^Docquet.'] 

Dec.  22.  Grant  of  the  office  of  Surveyor  for  the  Starch  business  to  William 
Ryley  during  life,  with  the  yearly  fee  of  lOOl.  to  be  paid  by  the 
Company  of  Starchmakers.     [Docquet.J 

Dec.  22.  The  King  to  the  Lord  Deputy  of  Ireland.  Requires  him  to  accept 
from  the  Lord  Baron  of  Kirkcudbright  a  surrender  of  the  troop  of 
horse  he  now  commands  there,  and  to  grant  the  same  to  his  son-in- 
law,  Robert  Maxwell,  who  for  1 3  years  has  been  a  lieutenant  of  the 
said  troop.     [^DocquetJ] 

Dec.  22,  113.  Edward  Fenn  to  Nicholas.  Since  the  two  last  certificates 
there  had  been  received  230^.  ship-money  for  1636  and  43i.  6s.  for 
1637,  and  2001.  or  300?.  is  said  to  be  in  town,  and  will  be  paid  in 
from  the  sheriff  of  Norfolk  upon  1637.     [J  p.] 

Dec.  22.  114.  Petition  of  Philip  Knyvett,  son  and  heir  of  Sir  Philip 
Knyvett,  to  Archbishop  Laud  and  Henry  Earl  of  Manchester.  Not- 
withstanding your  certificate,  and  his  Majesty's  allowance  thereunto, 
wherein  petitioner's  mother  is  to  pay  him  the  arrears  after  4>0l.  a  year 
of  his  former  allowance  of  60l.  per  annum,,  which  she  denies  to  per- 
form still  to  keep  petitioner  in  prison,  for  want  of  means  for  himself, 
his  wife,  and  family,  and  to  discharge  the  warden  of  the  Fleet's  fees, 
which  come  to  some  2QI.  for  petitioner's  chamber  for  a  year  and  three 
quarters,  besides  some  other  charges  (which,  without  such  moneys  as  his 
mother  is  ordered  by  his  Majesty  to  pay,)  he  can  never  be  discharged 
nor  able  to  subsist.  Beseeches  tlie  said  Lords  that  his  mother  may 
be  compelled  speedily  to  perform  his  Majesty's  order,  or  to  show 
cause  why  she  doth  not.     [|  ^.]     Ann£xecl, 

114.  I.  Affidavit  of  Thomas  Whittingham.  Upon  the  15th  inst. 
he  served  an  order  from  his  Majesty  upon  Lady  Knyvett, 
wife  of  Sir  Philip  Knyvett,  bearing  date  the  12th  inst, 
and  showed  the  very  order  itself.     22nd  December  1638. 

[If] 


186  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

Dec.  23.  Commissioners  for  Gunpowder  to  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance. 
Warrant  to  deliver  half  a  last  of  gunpowder  at  18cZ.  per  lb.  to  Hugh 
Owen,  for  replenishing  the  magazine  of  co.  Pembroke.  [^Minute. 
Booh  of  Warrants  for  Gunpowder,  see  Vol.  ccclv.,  No.  61,  p.  10. 

Dec.  23.  115.  Algernon  Earl  of  jSTorthumberland  to  Sir  John  Pennington, 
My  house,  Admiral  of  the  Fleet,  in  the  St.  Andrew,  in  the  Downs.  His  Majesty 
Queen  s  street.  |jgjjjg  pleased,  at  the  earnest  request  of  Count  Henry  of  Nassau  (now 
in  the  Downs),  to  accommodate  him  with  some  vessel  under  your  com- 
mand for  his  transportation  into  Holland,  you  are  to  give  order  to  Capfc. 
Robert  Fox,  of  the  Tenth  Whelp,  to  receive  him  on  board,  together 
with  his  company  and  baggage,  so  as  his  Majesty's  said  vessel  be  not 
cumbered  in  case  of  fight,  and  to  transport  him  to  such  port  in  Hol- 
land as  he  shall  desire,  and  without  delay  to  return  to  you  again. 
[Fine  impression  of  the  Earl's  seal.     1  p.] 

116.  Thomas  Kynnaston  to  Richard  Harvey.  We  have  no  news 
of  the  ship,  neither  can  I  conceive  that  she  is  nearer  than  Lee,  so 
that  it  will  be  impossible  for  Mr.  Porter  to  go  and  return  to-morrow. 
[J^.] 

117.  John  Ashburnham  to  Nicholas.  By  your  good  care  I  have 
received  my  brother  Cornwallis's  present  of  hawks.  I  send  to- 
morrow to  Sir  Richard  Gifibrd  to  be  advised  as  to  putting  them 
into  the  mew.  My  journey  to  my  Lord  of  Hertford  shall  not  be 
long  unfinished,  but  I  hear  Mr.  Hyde,  of  Salisbury,  who  is  my  Lord's 
counsel,  has  possessed  him  that  he  must  have  a  covenant  from  us  to 
surrender  Robert  Nicholas's  lease  after  the  death  of  Lady  Beauchamp, 
which  is  a  madness  to  imagine  we  shall  do.  I  am  glad  to  hear 
Mr.  Major  is  at  Hampton  [Southampton].  I  will  speak  to  him  on 
my  journey  to  Netley.  I  hear  he  complains  of  ill-usage  from 
Mr.  Goddard.  I  am  glad  that  Mr.  Swettenham  has  paid  you  the 
200Z.  Sorry  to  hear  of  the  continuance  of  the  rebellious  humours 
of  the  Scots.  God,  I  hope,  will  appease  them  by  dividing  them 
among  themselves.  Thanks  for  the  news  of  Mr.  Courteine's  [Cour- 
teen's  ?]  ship's  arrival,  for  our  part  lies  therein.  Put  on  your  sad 
weeds,  for  the  dun  bastard  Barbary,  and  the  Friar,  and  the  other 
young  dun  pigeon  are  all  dead.  Remember  to  make  my  excuse  to 
Lord  Cottington.     [1  p.] 

118.  Examination  of  Edward  Hurst,  of  Cambridge,  tailor.  Came 
to  London  on  Thursday  last,  and  lodged  at  the  Bull  in  Bishopsgate 
Street,  and  this  day,  inquiring  for  a  friend  of  his,  was  told  that  he 
might  find  him  at  a  house  in  Rederiffe  [Rotherhithe],  whic\  made  him 
go  thither,  where  he  found  about  20  or  30  persons,  men  and  women, 
all  strangers  to  him,  where  they  did  all  pray  together,  and  disputed 
and  exhorted  one  another,  and  there  continued  about  two  hours 
together,  until  the  constables  and  officers  of  Rotherhithe  came  in 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  187 


1638.  ■  VoL.'CCCCIV. 

[and]  took  some  of  them  away.    Denies  that  he  exhorted  or  disputed 
with  them.     [J  p.]     Underwritten, 

118.  I.  Certificate  of  the  churchwardens  and  constables  of  Rother- 
hithe.  Going  about  in  time  of  divine  service  to  see  good 
order  kept,  they  found  Philippa  Cowlate,  Frances  Green, 
Benjamin  Pratt,  Martha  Elliot,  and  John  Ellis,  and  divers 
others  that  ran  away,  gathered  together  in  a  house  where 
one  Hayward  dwells,  he  bei/ng  at  sea,  and  his  wife  with 
her  friends  in  the  country,  but  how  they  came  in  the  house 
the  officers  know  not.  [It  appears  from  notes  in  the 
margin  that  all  these  persons  were  bailed,  except  Martha 
Elliot,  whose  word  was  taken.  They  are  termed  Brownists 
in  the  endorsement.     |  p.] 

Dec.  24.  Licence  to  John  Browne  to  travel  into  parts  beyond  seas  for  three 
years.     [Docquet^ 

Dec.  24.  Warrant  to  pay  500?.  to  the  Earl  of  Kelly  as  of  his  Majesty's 
bounty.     [Bocqueti] 

Dec.  24.  "Warrant  to  the  Master  of  the  Great  Wardrobe  for  a  livery  of  76s. 
per  annum  for  William  Pitman,  one  of  the  huntsmen  for  the  buck- 
hounds  in  ordinary,  in  the  place  of  William  Connock,  deceased. 
l^Docquetil 

Dec.  24.  A  like  for  a  like  livery  for  William  Ledman,  one  of  the  huntsmen 
for  the  buckhounds  in  ordinary,  in  place  of  William  Connock, 
deceased.     [Docquet^ 

Dec.  24.  A  like  for  a  like  livery  for  James  Medcalfe,  one  of  the  huntsmen 
in  ordinary,  in  place  of  Jerome  Medcalfe,  deceased.     [Docquet.l 

Dec.  24.  A  like  for  a  like  livery  for  George  Fryan  [Fryer  f\,  one  other  of 
the  huntsmen  in  ordinary,  in  place  of  William  Eawson,  deceased. 
[Docquet!] 

Dec.  24.  Warrant  to  William  Watts,  Messenger  of  the  Chamber,  to  give 
attendance  upon  the  commissioners  for  examining  abuses  committed 
by  refractory  persons  in  retailing  tobacco  without  licence,  artd  to 
take  such  persons  into  custody,  and  keep  them  until  discharged. 
\Bocquet^ 

Dec.  24.  119.  Sir  John  Pennington  to  Nicholas.  Ey  this  time  I  think  your 
chief  business  is  done  at  the  Council  table,  for  that  you  will  have 
little  more  to  do  this  month.  I  hope,  for  all  the  bruit,  that  the 
Scottish  business  will  have  a  peaceable  end,  and  that  they  will 
better  consider,  on  both  sides,  what  a  home  war  is !  I  did  not 
conceive  that  Sir  James  Bagg  had  been  so  poor,  though  I  never 
thought  him  rich,  for  all  his  great  fluttering  in  the  world.  I  am 
very  glad  of  Sir  Jacob  Astley's  good  fortune,  for  he  is  a  very  stout, 
able,  deserving  gentleman,  and  fit  to  do  his  country  service,  and  I 
am  glad  to  hear  the  King  looks  upon  such,  We  have  no  new  news 
here,  only  the  certainty  of  the  taking  of  Bressake  [Breisach  ?],  and  that 


188-  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


^ggg  Vol.  CCCCrV. 

the  Plate  fleet  has  arrived  in  Spain.  I  shall  have  a  small  new-year's 
gift  for  you  shortly,  but  by  reason  of  these  blustering  winds  it  will 
come  after  the  day.  I  thank  you  for  your  intelligence  about  the 
Treasurer  of  the  Navy's  place,  which  I  niust  confess  I  do  not  so 
much  as  think  of,  for  if  God  sends  me  well  quit  of  this  I  am  now 
upon,  I  think  I  shall  hardly  have  further  dealing  in  marine  affairs, 
except  they  use  me  better,  which  I  do  [not  ?]  look  for  so  long  as 
some  [?]  are  at  the  helm.  I  desire  that  you  will  deliver  the  5001.  my 
servant  left  with  you  to  Capt.  Percival.     [^Seal  tuith  arms.     2  pp.] 

Dec.  2i.  120.  Sir  Anthony  Irby,  late  Sheriff  of  co.  Lincoln,  to  Nicholas. 
Boston.  Upon  Monday  last  I  had  a  sight  of  the  Lords'  letter,  directed  to  the 
present  high  sheriff  and  myself.  As  soon  as  I  received  it  I  .sent  to 
the  sheriff  for  a  meeting,  and  on  Saturday  last  we  sent  out  as  many 
warrants  as  we  could  for  present  dispatch ;  the  residue  are  to  be 
dispatched  on  Wednesday  next.  I  will  take  care  for  speeding  the 
business ;  but  the  Lords  have  prefixed  us  so  short  a  time  as  it  will 
be  impossible  to  answer  their  expectation,  in  respect  of  the  largeness 
of  the  county,  and  I  have  not  above  five  weeks,  a  fortnight  of  which 
time  is  in  Christmas,  that  the  officers  who  are  to  distrain  (I  am 
afraid)  will  neglect  it,  besides  many  that  are  to  pay,  when  they  hear 
the  shortness  of  the  time,  will  keep  their  goods  and  themselves  out 
of  the  way.  My  suit  to  the  Lords  is  for  longer  time.  I  hope  I  shall 
accomplish  the  service  if  I  may  have  reasonable  time  (the  old  relics 
of  ray  sickness  as  yet  hanging  about  me),  I  returning  up  what  money 
I  shall  receive  from  time  to  time.     [Seal  with  arms.     1  p.] 

Dec.  24.  121 .  Keceipt  of  Thomas  Pott,  Master  of  the  Harriers  and  Beagles, 
for  5ol.,  upon  his  fee  of  120Z.  per  annum  for  himself,  one  footman 
and  four  horsemen,  and  his  allowance  of  1001.  per  annum  for  keeping 
20  couple  of  hounds.     [^  p.\ 

Dec.  24.  122.  Brief  declaration  of  the  account  of  the  Farmers  of  the 
Customs  and  Subsidies  for  one  year  ended  this  day.  The  rent 
payable  was  150,000?. ;  against  which  were  set  the  surplusage  of 
the  last  account,  36,873Z.  Os.  7^d.,  and  various  defalcations,  fees  to 
the  officers  of  the  Customs  and  Exchequer,  and  annuities  charged 
upon  the  customs,  making  a  total  of  67,768?.  12s.  *7d. ;  payments  to 
the  King's  household,  20,293?.  17s.  7d. ;  to  the  Master  of  the  Great 
Wardrobe,  4,004?.  19s.  lid. ;  and  other  payments,  amounting  in  the 
whole  to  113,475?.  10s.  10c?.,  which  left  the  accountants  in  surplusage 
31,244?.  3s.  5c?.     [=  2  pp.] 

Dec.  26.  Commission  of  Lieutenancy  of  cos.  Leicester  and  Rutland  granted 
to  Henry  Earl  of  Huntingdon  and  Ferdinando  Lord  Hastings  jointly 
and  severally.     [Docquet] 

Dec.  26.  Dispensation  for  John  Balcanquall,  B.D.,  and  Prebend  in  Rochester 
Cathedral,  to  hold  together  with  the  rectory  of  Tatenhill,  co.  Stafford, 
the  vicarage  of  Boxley,  Kent,  for  two  years.     [Docquet] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  189 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


Dec.  26.  123.  The  King  to  Thomas  Earl  of  Arundel  and  Surrey,  Algernon 
Whitehall.  Earl  of  Northumberland,  Theopbilus  Earl  of  Suffolk,  Francis  Earl  of 
Cumberland,  and  to  Henry  Lord  Maltravers  and  Henry  Lord  Clifford, 
the  Lords  Lieutenants  of  Cumberland  and  Westmorland,  and  in  their 
absence  to  the  deputy  lieutenants  of  those  counties  to  which  Capt. 
Henry  Waytes  was  designed  for  his  advice  and  directions.     \_Minute. 


a 


Dec.  26.         A  like  letter  to  the  Deputy  Lieutenants  of  the  East  and  North 

Whitehall.     Ridings  of  CO.  York,  for  Sir  Thomas  Morton  and  Capt.    Richard 

Gibson.     [Minute.     Written  on  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding. 

Dec.  26.  124.  Dr.  Peter  Turner  to  Archbishop  Laud.  Solicits  an  addition 
Merton  College. to  the  archbishop's  orders  for  the  government  of  Merton  College,  to 
the  effect  that,  besides  the  Bursar,  the  Senior  Fellow  might  have  a 
key  to  the  College  chest.  The  addition  was  desired  bj-  Mr.  Nevill, 
senior,  the  Bursar,  who  was  very  necessitous,  and  was  apprehensive 
that  on  the  Sub-Warden's  return,  he,  being  also  necessitous,  should 
tempt  him  by  exchange  of  reciprocal  courtesies  to  lend  him  some  of 
the  college  money,  by  suffering  him  to  borrow  for  his  own  private 
uses.  Suggests  Owen  and  Broad,  two  of  the  six  Bachelors,  who  were 
to  liave  been  admitted  Masters  at  the  beginning  of  Michaelmas  Term 
last,  to  be  permitted  to  proceed  next  Act.  Brent  (Sir  Nathaniel's 
nephew),  Clark,  Allen,  and  Scriven  were  the  others  who  for  various 
reasons  were  not  recommended.     [1  p.} 

Dec.  27.  Warrant  to  the  Earls  of  Holland  and  Dorset,  Sir  John  Finch,  Sir 
Richard  Wynne,  and  Sir  Thomas  Hatton,  feoffees  in  trust  for  the 
Queen,  by  an  assignment  from  Sir  John  Walter,  Sir  James  FuUerton, 
and  Sir  'Thomas  Trevor,  of  their  interest  in  a  remainder  of  an  estate 
of  99  years  in  the  manors  of  Somersham,  Fenton,  Bluntisham, 
Colne,  and  Earith,  in  co.  Huntingdon,  to  convey  to  Henry  Jerinyn, 
son  of  Sir  Thomas  Jermyn,  vice-chamberlain  of  the  household,  all 
their  estate  in  the  remainder  of  the  said  99  years  of  the  waste 
grounds  and  improvement  made  thereout,  containing  in  all  1,12.5 
acres,  reserving  the  rent  of  201.  per  annum.     [Docquet.] 

Dec.  27.  Another  docquet  of  the  letter  to  the  Lord  Deputy  of  Ireland 
already  calendared  under  date  of  the  22nd  inst.     [Docgwet] 

Dec.  27.  125.  Letter,  or  suggested  letter,  under  the  Signet.  Sir  Basil 
Whitehall.  Brooke  having  made  known  to  his  Majesty  by  petition,  already  calen- 
dared in  Vol.  ccclxxv.,  No.  32  (undated,  1637,)  that,  George  Mynne 
claims,  under  the  articles  of  partnership  between  him  and  Sir  Basil, 
a  payment  of  1,000?.,  with  332?.  16s.  interest,  in  order  to  equalise 
their  payments  on  account  of  the  fines  set  upon  them  at  the  Justice 
Seat  held  at  Gloucester.  The  amount  of  their  respective  shares  of 
those  fines  having  been  fixed  by  his  Majesty,  his  pleasure  is  that 
the  division  he  made  be  no  more  questioned.    [Copy  or  draft.    1  p.J 


190  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  T. 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


Dec.  27.  Petition  of  William  Legge,  Master  of  the  Armoury,  to  tbe  King. 
His  Majesty,  upon  petition  of  Sebeoca  Holman,  referred  to  the  Lord 
Keeper  the  differences  between  her  and  petitioner,  concerning  some 
houses  upon  Tower-hill,  anciently  enjoyed  by  the  Master  of  the 
Armoury.  The  Lord  Keeper  certified  that  the  said  Uebecca  claimed 
the  houses  by  virtue  of  a  lease  from  Sir  William  Cope,  one  of  petiti- 
oner's predecessors,  and  that  the  granting  the  said  houses  belonged 
to  his  Majesty,  who  thereupon  commanded  petitioner  to  pay  lOOZ. 
and  such  other  charges  unto  the  said  Rebecca  as  the  Lord  Keeper 
should  think  fit,  and  so  enjoy  the  said  houses  after  the  said  Sir 
William  Cope's  death,  which  lOOl.  petitioner  tendered  to  the  said 
Rebecca,  and  the  same  lies  I'eady  for  her  at  the  Hanaper  Ofiice,  by 
direction  of  the  Lord  Keeper,  to  whom  petitioner  has  also  oQered  to 
submit  for  the  other  charges.  Since  your  Majesty's  order.  Sir 
William  Cope  being  dead,  the  said  Rebecca,  who  formerly  alleged  no 
other  title  but  by  his  lease,  refuses  to  yield  up  the  houses,  she  now 
pretending  a  lease  parole  from  Sir  Thomas  Jay,  aftei'wards  Master  of 
the  Armourers,  who  by  confederacy  with  her  gives  out  that  he  made 
her  a  lease  [by]  parole,  which  was  not  mentioned  before  the  Lord 
Keeper.  Prays  reference  to  the  Lord  Keeper,  to  find  out  the  unjust 
dealing  of  the  said  Rebecca  and  Sir  Thomas  Jay.  [Copy.  See 
Vol.  cccciii.,  p.  19.     |  p."]     Underwritten, 

I.  Reference  to   the  Lord  Keeper   as   desired.      Whitehall,  27th 
December  1 638.     Ibid,  p  20.     ^  p.J 

Declaration  under  the  privy  seal,  whereby  his  Majesty,  taking 
notice  of  the  privy  seal  of  the  26th  July  last,  by  which  200,0001. 
was  appointed  to  be  employed  in  his  Majesty's  special  affairs,  by 
order  of  the  Lord  Treasurer,  the  Earl  Marshal,  the  Lord  Admiral, 
Lord  Cottington,  Mr.  Comptroller,  and  the  two  Secretaries,  his  Majesty 
approved  of  the  disbursements  of  those  moneys  so  issued,  and  gave 
further  power  to  the  commissioners  to  order  the  disbursing  of  such 
further  sums  as  should  be  issued  by  the  aforesaid  privy  seal ;  and  the 
Lieutenant  of  the  Ordnance,  and  all  others  that  by  order  of  these 
commissioners  shall  receive  moneys,  are  to  employ  the  same  for  such 
services  as  the  commissioners  shall  direct,  and  to  make  their  account 
before  them  for  the  same.     [^Docquet.l 

126.  Certificate  of  Henry  Earl  of  Huntingdon  of  the  names  of 
certain  persons  respecting  whom  complaint  was  made  by  the  deputy 
lieutenants  of  co.  Leicester  that  they  never  showed  at  musters.     [|  p.] 

127.  Sec.  Coke  to  the  Masters  of  Requests.  His  Majesty  has 
taken  notice  of  petitions  passed  by  ji'ou  which  concerned  Church 
causes,  wherein,  for  want  of  information  from  those  prelates 
whom  the  causes  concerned  things  have  passed  to  the  prejudice  of 
the  Church.  You  are  hereafter  to  present  no  petition  concerning 
business  reflecting  upon  the  Church,  without  giving  his  Majesty 
knowledge  thereof,  and  moving  for  a  reference  therein,  either  to  the 
Metropolitan  or  the  Diocesan  to  whose  cognisance  it  may  belong. 


DOMESTIC}— CHARLES  I.  IQl 


1638. 


Vol.  CCCCIV. 


Dec.  30.  128.  List  of  articles  of  apparel  of  a  gentleman  termed  "  my  Master," 
signed  by  Jehan  Lamp  and  Charles  Fen  wick.     [If  p.'] 

Dec.  31.  Grant  of  the  office  of  Surveyor  of  Petty  Customs  in  the  port  of 
London  to  Endymion  Porter,  WiUiam  Courteen,  and  Richard 
Dowdeswell,  for  their  lives  successively,  after  the  death  of  Richard 
Carmarden.     [Bocquetl 

Dec.  31.  Warrant  for  payment  of  110?.  to  Richard  Delamain,  his  Majesty's 
servant,  for  provision  of  silver  bullion  to  make  mathematical  instru- 
ments for  his  Majesty.     l_Docqi(st.'] 

Dec.  31.  Warrant  to  Sir  David  Cunningham,  Receiver-General  of  his 
Majesty's  revenue  as  Prince  of  Wales,  to  pay  the  bills  of  divers 
servants  attending  the  royal  children,  the  same  being  allowed  by  the 
Lord  Chamberlain.     '[Docquet.'] 

Dec.  31.  The  King  to  the  Lord  Deputy  of  Ireland.  To  consider  a  petition 
presented  to  his  Majesty  by  Bryan  McConneU,  one  of  his  Majesty's 
ancient  footmen,  and  to  give  order  for  granting  petitioner  his  desire, 
if  not  inconvenient  for  his  Majesty's  service.     [pocqueLl 

Dec.  31.  Grant  to  Aubrey  Earl  of  Oxford,  and  his  heirs.  Earls  of  Oxford,  in 
part  payment  of  20  marks  per  annum,  for  his  and  their  creation 
money,  the  sum  oilOl.  per  annum,  being  a  fee-farm  rent  issuing  out 
of  the  manor  of  Geldham,  Essex,  with  the  arrears  since  27th  Elizabeth. 
[_Bocquet.'\ 

Dec.  31.  Grant  to  Fabian  Phillips  and  John  Cudworth,  to  the  use  of  Aubrey 
Earl  of  Oxford,  of  certain  debts  and  recognizances  of  Edward  late 
Earl  of  Oxford,  made  to  Israel  Amice,  who  was  outlawed  after 
judgment,  and  the  benefit  of  a  seizure  of  the  lands  of  the  said  Earl 
made  thereupon,  with  a  lease  of  the  same  until  the  debts  be  satisfied, 
to  commence  after  the  surrender  of  a  lease  made  to  John  Drawater 
and  John  Holmes  under  the  rent  of  11.  per  annum.     IBocquet.'] 

Dec.  31.  Confirmation  to  the  Corporation  of  Merchant  Adventurers  of 
Bristol  of  their  former  charters  with  various  new  powers.     \_I)ocquet.'] 

Dec.  31.  The  King  to  Thomas  Turnor,  D.D.,  and  John  Juxon.  Lease 
for  five  years  of  the  prebend  and  rectory  of  Aylesbury,  co.  Buck- 
ingham, and  the  rectory  of  Presteigne,  cos.  Hereford  and  Radnor, 
upon  trust  to  dispose,  out  of  the  profits  of  the  former,  of  140f.,  and 
out  of  those  of  the  latter,  of  90?.,  towards  making  up  2,020Z.  in  part 
already  raised,  to  accomplish  certain  works  intended  to  be  done 
by  the  feofl'ees  for  impropriations,  before  the  said  feofiees  conveyed 
their  interest  to  his  Majesty,  in  obedience  to  a  decree  in  the  Court 
of  Exchequer,  the  residue  of  the  profits  to  be  disposed  of  to  the  vicars 
of  Aylesbury  and  Presteigne ;  and  if  the  2,020Z.  shall  be  sooner  made 
up,  then  afterwards,  during  the  said  term,  30Z.  per  annum  of  the 
profits  of  the  prebend  of  Aylesbury  to  be  applied  towards  the 
maintenance  of  a  free  school  in  Aylesbury,  the  remainder  to  the 
vicar,  and  the  whole  profits  of  the  rectory  of  Presteigne  to  the  vicar. 
{Docquet.} 


192  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  T. 


1638.  ^--  ^CCC^^- 

Dec.  31.  129.  Petition  of  Thomas  Ellyott  to  the  King.  Your  Majesty, 
about  seven  years  since,  disafforested  the  Forest  of  Nerock,  in  Somer- 
set, when  there  was  allotted  to  your  Majesty  part  of  the  said  forest 
lying  in  several  parishes,  all  which  your  Majesty  has  since  sold, 
excepting  200  acres  belonging  to  the  manor  of  Barrington.  Prays 
a  grant  of  tlie  said  200  acres  for  three  lives,  at  as  much  rent  as 
has  been  accounted  to  your  Majesty  for  three  years  past,  [^  p.] 
Underwritten, 

129.  I.  Reference  to  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  to  certify  his  Majesty 
concerning  this  request.     Whitehall.     31  si -December,  1638 

lip-] 

129.  Ti.  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  to  the  King.  The  petitioner 
understands  not  how  your  Majesty  contracted  for  all 
that  forest  and  Roche\_forest']  for  20,000?.  which  (upon  Sir 
John  Hey  don's  p)etition  T  referring  lately  to  the  Attorney 
and  Surveyor  General  and  others),  I  find  your  Ma- 
jesty has  been  paid  hut  18,099Z.,  and  that  there  are  certain 
lands  yet  unsold,  which  may  amount  to  3,165?.,  so  that  the 
sum  exceeding  the  sum  to  be  paid  to  your  Majesty  is  but 
1,264?. ;  whereas  there  is  a  privy  seal  to  Sir  Sackville  Crow 
for  his  charges  for  2,800?.,  and,  Sir  John  Heydon's  dis- 
bursem,ents  are  050?.,  with  other  sums,  which  will  be 
demanded  if  the  lands  remaining  prove  valuable  to 
satisfy  them.     1638-9,  January  2oth.     [1  j:).J 

Dec.  31.  130.  George  Lord  Goring,  Charles  Frankland,  and  Thomas  Bland, 
patentees  for  granting  tobacco  licences,  to  the  Council.  We  have 
examined  complaints  against  Samuel  Newton  of  Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 
and  finding  him  delinquent  in  selling  tobacco  without  licence,  we 
have  fined  him  20?.  to  the  patentee,  which  he  peremptorily  refuses 
to  pay.  All  which  we  certify  to  your  Lordships,  that  a  course  may 
be  taken  with  him.     [1  p.'] 

Dec.  31.  131.  Eeceipt  of  Henry  Wicks,  Paymaster  of  his  Majesty's  Works, 
for  799?.  8s.  4c?.  paid  by  John  Savile,'  Teller  of  the  Exchequer, 
for  repair  of  his  Majesty's  houses,  in  the  months  following,  viz. 
232?.  5s.  6d.,  in  full  of  929?.  12s.  <id.,  for  August  1637,  and  567?.  2s.  5c?., 
in  part  of  1,220?.  15s.  lie?,  for  September  1637.     [i  p.] 

Dec.  31.  132.  Keceipt  of  Thomas  Eyre,  Edmund  Cooper,  and  Toby  Baylie, 
Pages  of  the  Chamber  to  the  Queen,  for  66?.  13s.  4d.  paid  by  the 
same  teller  as  the  preceding,  and  to  be  divided  amongst  the  grooms 
and  pages  of  the  chamber  to  the  Queen,  as  his  Majesty's  free  gift, 
this  Christmas.     [-^  p.] 

[Dec]  133.  Petition  of  Sir  John  Dryden  and  Charles  Cockaine,  sheriffs 

of  CO.  Northampton,  for  1635  and  1636,  to  the  Council.  By  direc- 
tions, dated  30th  November  1638,  petitioners  are  commanded  to  pay 
in  to  the  Treasurer  of  the  Navy  the  arrears  of  ship-money.  Peti- 
tioners have  paid  in  all  that  they  could  levy,  and  the  certiorari 
directed  to  them,  about  two  years  since,  commanding  the  return  of 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  I93 


Iggg  Vol.  CCCCIV, 

the  names  of  those  who  have  not  paid,  was  accordingly  executed, 
since  which  time  there  have  issued  writs  of  scire  facias  and  levari 
facias,  upon  which  divers  have  paid  money.  Petitioners  not  being 
acquainted  what  moneys  have  been  levied  since  their  shrievalty, 
and  having  formerly  done  their  utmost  endeavour  in  this  service 
to  the  expense  of  1000?.,  pray  the  Lords  to  order  the  arrears  to  be 
levied  as  they  shall  think  meet.     [^  p.] 

[Dec.  ?]  134.  Petition  of  Edmond  Farmer,  of  Daventry,  to  the  Council. 

Was  sent  for  by  warrant  in  November  last  for  not  paying  ship-money, 
being  4s.  6d.,  and  was  ordered  to  pay  the  same  and  5s  to  the  bailiffs 
for  making  a  distress.  Petitioner  has  tendered  the  same  to  Sir 
Robert  Banister,  then  high  sheriff,  which  he  refuses  to  receive.  And 
whereas  the  bailiffs  allege  that  petitioner  swore  he  had  never  paid 
and  never  would  pay  any  ship-money,  petitioner  utterly  denies  the 
same,  but  was  wilUng  to  pay  31.  and  40s.  at  a  time  ;  but  as  for  the 
4s.  Qd.,  it  was  never  demanded  before  Sir  Eobert  Banister's  time,  and 
was  tendered  before  the  bailiffs  made  any  distress,  and  afterwards, 
they  demanding  5s.  for  their  pains,  that  was  also  tendered  to  them  ; 
and  whereas  there  is  a  suit  commenced  against  the  said  bailiffs  by 
the  magistrate  of  the  town  and  petitioner,  he  submits  himself,  and 
is  willing  to  withdraw  the  same.  Prays  order  to  pay  the  amount 
to  Sir  Robert  Banister,  and  that  he  may  be  freed  from  any  further 
attendance,     [f  p.] 

Dec.  13.5.  Sir  Jacob  Astley  to   [the  samel.     Prays  them  to  settle  the 

number  of  officers  and  soldiers  to  be  kept  in  the  Fort  of  Plymouth 
and  the  Island  of  St.  Nicholas,  and  proposes  to  them  a  scheme. 
[Ip.] 

Dec.  136.  George  Lord  Goring,  Charles  Frankland,  and  Thomas  Bland, 

Commissioners  for  Tobacco  Licences,  to  the  same.  On  8th  July  last, 
concerning  William  Jhanns  and  the  patentees  for  retailing  tobacco 
in  Norwich,  you  ordered  that  a  new  licence  should  be  granted  to 
Jhanns  and  such  others  as  he  should  nominate  for  retailing  such 
licences  in  that  city,  paying  the  rent  of  120?.  per  annum.  We  have 
used  means  to  carry  out  the  said  order,  and  have  summoned  the  said 
patentees  to  appear  before  us,  but  they  have  only,  the  30th  Novem- 
ber last,  sent  us  a  dilatory  letter,  desiring  further  time  to  answer. 
Request  an  order  for  reducing  the  said  patentees  to  conformity, 
[1^.] 

Dec.  137.  Suggested  instructions  to  the  person  who  shall  be  appointed 

to  the  office  of  provider,  to  supply  the  army  with  corn  or  meal  for 
bread,  and  with  butter,  cheese,  and  beer,  also  with  oats  and  hay  for 
the  horses.     [If  ^.] 

Dec.  138.  Notes  for  perfecting  the  musters. 

"  A  cuirassier  is  he  that  is  armed  cap-a-pie,  mounted  on  a  strong  horse, 

with  two  good  pistols  and  a  sword  of  four  foot  long,  which  is  best  for  a 

horseman,  as  a  short  one  of  three  foot  is  for  a  footman,  which  is  contrary 

_    -to  the  old  custom ;  he  hath  likewise  a  boy  on  horseback  to  carry  his  spare 

13.  N 


194  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


jggg  Vol..  CCCCIV. 

arms.  An  Arquebusier  is  to  be  mounted  on  a  good  gelding,  andis  to  have  a 
buff  jerkin,  curetts  [cuirass  ?],  head-piece,  and  arquebuse,  and  a  pair  of  good 
pistols.    A  oarabinier  is  to  be  mounted  on  a  middling  gelding  or  nag,  with  a 

good  buff  jerkin  and  carabine The  musket  barrel  should  be  four  foot 

long,  stock  and  all  6  foot  2  inches,  and  her  bore  of  12  bullets  in  the  pound, 
rolling  in.  The  barrel  of  the  small  piece  should  be  3  foot'  3  inches,  stock 
and  all  44  foot,  the  bore  of  17  bullets  in  the  pound,  rolling  in.  The 
arquebuse  barrel  is  to  be  about  the  length  of  2i  foot,  stock  and  all  3  and  i, 
and  her  bullet  of  17  in  the  pound,  rolling  in.  The  carabine  of  the  length 
of  the  arquebuse,  and  her  bore  of  30  bullets  in  the  pound,  rolling  in.  The 
barrel  of  the  pistols  14  foot,  stock  and  all  26  inches,  her  bore  of  -24  bullets 
in  the  pound,  rolling  in." 

[2  pp.} 

[Dec.  ?]  139.  Petition  of  Roger  Prosser  to  Archbishop  Laud.     The  arch- 

bishop, upon  the  petition  of  petitioner,  granted  a  reference  to  Sir  John 
Lambe,  to  end  all  suits  that  were  raised  between  petitioner  and 
Edward  Clark  and  John  Williams,  concerning  divers  assaults  offered 
to  petitioner's  wife.  Sir  John  wUled  a  speedy  end  to  be  made, 
which  petitioner's  adversaries  promised,  but  will  not  [perform],  in- 
tending to  obtain  a  sentence  this  term  against  petitioner,  who  is  very 
poor,  and  unable  to  contest  at  law.  Prays  the  archbishop  to  cause 
a  favourable  end  to  be  put  to  the  premises,     [f  p."] 

[Dec.?]  140.  Petition  of  Anne  Dee  to  Sir  John  Lambe,  Dean  of  the 
Arches.  The  late  Francis  Dee,  Bishop  of  Peterborough,  brother 
to  Daniel  Dee,  petitioner's  late  husband,  by  his  last  will  be- 
queathed to  Mary  Dee,  his  daughter,  wife  of  William  Greenhill, 
D.D.,  300/1.  to  be  employed  in  purchasing  some  good  copyhold  land 
to  be  enjoyed  by  the  said  Mary  during  her  life,  and  afterwards  to 
come  to  the  children  of  petitioner  and  to  those  of  John  Dee,  another 
brother  of  the  bishop.  Prays  order  that  the  money  be  not  delivered 
to  Dr.  Greenhill  or  the  said  Maj-y  until  he  put  in  good  security  for 
performance  of  the  will.     [^  p.] 

[Dec.  ?]  141.  Petition  of  Rice  Thomas,  of  Biston,  co.  Monmouth,  husband- 
man, to  the  same.  Petitioner  has  been  forced  to  come  into  this 
Court  [of  Arches]  to  gain  his  absolution  which  he  has  procured. 
But  since  he  procured  the  same,  he  is  given  to  understand  that  there 
has  been  a  certificate  made  to  the  Lord  Keeper,  and  a  significavit 
granted,  so  that  he  dares  not  go  home.  Prays  a  certificate  to  the 
Lord  Keeper  that  he  may  have  a  countermand  of  the  sigmficavit 

[Dec.  ?]  142.  Petition  of  Thomas  Flower,  of  Askbam,  co.  Nottingham,  to  the 
Commissioners  for  Depopulations.  By  your  order  petitioner  was  to  cast 
open  all  the  inclosures  he  had  lately  made  in  the  common  arable  fields 
of  Askham,  with  which  order  he  has  complied,  except  for  about  three 
acres,  which  he  prays  he  may  still  hold,  as  without  them  he  cannot  pre- 
serve any  com  or  hay  upon  his  lands  adjoining,  nor  distinguish  the 
boundaries,  and  in  lieu  thereof  he  has  ploughed  up  30  acres  of  ancient 
inclosures ;  or  he  is  willing  to  submit  to  such  fine  as  to  you  shall  seem 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  IQS 


1638. 


jggg  Vol.  CCCCIV. 

fit.  Prays  the  Lords  to  revoke  their  order  for  his  commitment,  and 
to  refer  petitioner's  allegations  to  the  Justices  of  Peace  adjoining 
to  Askham.     [f  p.] 

[Dec.?]         143.  List  of  the  numbers  of  men  to  be  levied  out  of  the   several 
counties  for  the  present  intended  expedition.     Total,  30,400  men 

Up-1 

[Dec.  ?]  144.  Draft  of  another  similar  list,  with  an  additional  number  to 

each  county,  the  additions  amounting  to  5,116.     [1  p."] 

[Dec.  ?]         145.  Draft  of  another  similar  Kst,  in  which  the  additions  amount 
to  2,422.     [1  23-] 


[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCV.    December,  1638. 


Two  separate  books  put  together  in  one  volume  ou  account  of 
similarity  of  size,  being: — 

I.  Liber  Pagis,  or  a  List  of  all  the  Justices  of  Peace  for  England 
and  Wales,  arranged  by  counties.  This  book  was  probably  originally 
compiled  for  the  12th  year  of  the  king's  reign,  but  by  alterations 
and  queries  designed  to  be  made  applicable  to  the  following  year. 
[176  pages,  whereof  6  are  blank.'} 

II.  List  or  roll  of  all  the  able  men  in  the  several  hundreds  of 
CO.  Derby,  consisting  of  returns  made  during  the  month  of  December 
1638,  by  the  pettj'  constables,  and  transmitted  by  the  High  Consta- 
bles of  every  hundred  to  William  Earl  of  Devonshire,  Lord  Lieutenant 
of  the  county.  The  names  comprised  all  the  men  in  that  county 
able  and  fit  for  the  wars,  over  and  above  those  already  enrolled  in 
the  trained  bands.  The  total  number  was  17,308.  The  earl  sent 
this  list  to  the  Council,  together  with  his  letter,  calendared  under  the 
date  of  the  1st  January  1638-9.  See  Vol.  ccccix.  No.  1.  [300  pages, 
of  which  20  are  hlaiik^ 


Vol.  CCCCVI.     "Undated,  1638. 


Presentation  of  John  Featly,  M.A.,  to  the  rectory  of  Shotley, 
Sufl"olk,  in  the  King's  gift  on  account  of  the  minority  of  Sir  Henry 
Felton,  his  Majesty's  ward.  [See  Coll.  Sign  Man.  Car.  I.  Vol.  xiii.. 
No.  104.] 

1.  Royal  Licence  for  Sir  Matthew  Boynton,  of  Barmeston,  co.  York, 
to  go  with  his  wife  and  family  into  the  Low  Countries,  [  Unsigned 
by  the  King,  but  prepared  by  direction  of  Sec.  Coke,  and,  the  docquet 
signed  by  Sir  Abraham  Williams,  one  of  the  clerks  of  the  Signet. 
Parchment.     21  lines.'] 

N  2 


196  DOMESTIC—CHARLES  I 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVT. 


2.  The  King  to  Algernon  Earl  of  Northumberland,  Lord  High  Ad- 
miral. Some  [dwellers]  on  the  coast  of  Flanders,  contrary  to  the  articles 
of  peace  with  Spain,  have  lately  taken  at  sea  certain  ships  laden  with 
fish  belonging  to  Richard  Viscount  Lumley,  Henry  Lord  Maltravers, 
and  others,  adventurers  in  the  fishing  business  of  the  association  of 
the  Earl  of  Arundel  and  Surrey,  and  have  carried  the  said  ships  into 
Nieuport,  where  •  they  are  detained,  and  the  fishermen  imprisoned, 
being  free  denizens,  which  ships  and  goods  are  of  the  value  of  2,5001., 
and  they  have  forborne  to  make  restitution,  notwithstanding  it  has 
been  demanded.  We  require  you  to  take  ships  of  Dunkirk,  or  any 
other  place  on  the  coast  of  Flanders,  and  to  send  them  to  some  of 
our  ports,  to  the  end  satisfaction  may  be  made  ci"  the  said  2,500Z., 
with  damages.     [^Draft  of  perhaps  a  suggested  document.     |  p."] 

3.  Treatise  on  the  office  of  Earl  Marshal  of  England,  part  whereof 
is  stated  to  have  been  copied  at  this  time  out  of  a  book  of  the 
tiuie  of  King  Henry  VIII.  remaining  in  the  custody  of  Sir  Thomas 
Cotton.     [21  pp.} 

4.  List  of  pictures  painted  by  Sir  Antonio  Vandyke,  principally 
portraits  of  the  King,  Queen,  and  royal  children,  with  the  charge  of 
the  artist  placed  against  each  picture.  It  is  stated  in  an  under- 
written memorandum  that  the  account  was  "rated"  by  the  King, 
and  that  he  marked  with  a  cross  those  pictures  which  the  Queen 
was  to  pay  for.  The  sums  allowed  by  the  King  were  very  con- 
siderably less  than  those  stated  by  the  artist.  The  total  sum  payable 
by  the  King  for  15  pictures  was  603Z.,  to  which  was  added  1,000Z. 
for  five  years'  arrears  of  Sir  Antonio's  pension.     \_French.     1^  2^-] 

5.  Note  of  wages,  bills,  and  warrants  payable  by  the  treasurer 
of  his  Majesty's  chamber  for  her  Majesty's  service.  It  includes 
sums  due  to  players  to  her  Majesty,  for  making  pictures  for  her  Ma- 
jesty, to  apothecaries,  and  divers  others,  all  which  by  computation 
amount  to  SfiOOl.     [1  p.] 

6.  Declaration  of  proceedings  by  the  Board  of  Green  Cloth,  con- 
cerning Edward  Turner  and  William  Plummer,  high  constables  in 
CO.  Hertford,  who  had  procured  a  presentment  by  the  gi'and  jury  to 
Sir  Robert  Hitcham,  one  of  the  justices  of  assize  for  that  county, 
against  Francis  Joyce,  purveyor  to  the  household  for  wood,  because 
he  would  give  no  greater  price  than  4s.  per  load  for  wood,  and 
against  John  Halsey,  yeoman  purvejj^or  for  salt  store,  because  he 
would  allow  but  2c?.  the  mile  for  carriage.  The  presentment  was 
part  of  a  more  general  endeavour  to  procure  an  increase  in  the  King's 
prices  paid  for  supplies  for  the  household.     [4|  pp.} 

7.  Answer  of  the  clerks  of  the  royal  kitchen  to  the  Committee  for 
revising  the  regulations  of  the  household  concerning  making  oath  to 
the  parcels  of  the  pantry,  buttery,  cellar,  and  kitchen.     [2;^  pp.] 

8.  Certificate  to  the  same  Committee  that  there  is  a  necessity  for 
four  servants  to  be  continued  in  his  Majesty's  ewery,  with  a  par- 
ticular specification  of  their  duties.     [^  p.} 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  197 


[1638?J  V0L.CCCCVI. 

9.  Statement  of  reasons  wherefore  the  clerk  of  the  woodyard 
cannot  safely  swear  to  the  parcels  of  that  office,     [f  p.] 

10.  Similar  statement  of  reasons  why  the  clerk  of  the  spicery 
cannot  make  oath  to  the  monthly  parcel.     [1  p."] 

11.  Similar  statement  of  the  clerk  of  the  poultry.     [|-^.J 

12.  The  like  of  the  clerk  of  the  scullery.     [|  ^.j 

13.  The  like  of  the  sergeant  and  clerk  of  the  bakehouse,     [f  p.] 

14.  Petition  of  the  clerk  of  his  Majesty's  carriages  and  the  rest  of 
his  fellows,  the  cart-takers,  to  the  committee  for  regulating  the 
household.  Solicit  an  order  for  reformation  of  the  practice  of  divers 
chamber-keepers,  who  have- usually  gone  three  or  four  miles  from 
court  upon  removing  days,  and  have  taken  carts  themselves,  which 
irregularity  has  led  to  various  inconveniences,  and  often  his 
Majesty's  peace  has  been  broken,  with  the  shedding  ot  blood.  Pray 
tliat  petitioners  may  have  the  execution  of  their  places,  and  that  a 
list  may  be  made  for  disposing  of  carts  according  to  the  necessity  of 
their  Majesties'  service,  and  the  quality  of  those  allowed  carts  by  his 
Majesty's  book  signed.     [1  p.] 

15.  The  King  to  the  Steward,  Treasurer,  and  Comptroller  of  the 
Household,  and  the  Officers  of  the  Greencloth.  The  number  of  carts 
in  ordinary  now  agreed  upon  and  allowed  by  us  shall  not  be 
exceeded  to  any  whatsoever  in  any  of  our  journeys,  yet  because  no 
certain  rule  can  be  made  of  the  same  in  our  extraordinary  occasions, 
we  authorize  you  to  give  warrant  for  such  other  number  of  carts  as 
may  be  requisite,  care  being  taken  that  it  be  done  with  all  the  ease 
that  can  be  of  our  subjects,  every  person  that  shall  have  the  same 
paying  our  accustomed  price,  and  our  officers  giving  us  an  annual 
account  of  all  extraordinary  carriages.     [Copy,     f  p.'] 

16.  Draft  of  the  same.     [f^.J 

17.  Orders  of  his  Majesty  for  selling  the  overplus  of  provisions 
sent  in  from  the  counties  for  his  household,  and  for  proper  keeping 
the  household  accounts,  being  a  copy  of    Vol.  ccclxxxii.  No.  11. 

18.  Notes  by  Sir  Dudley  Carleton  of  alterations  and  corrections 
suggested  by  him  to  be  made  in  the  proposed  new  regulations  for 
government  of  his  Majesty's  household.  Upon  this  subject  see  a 
letter  of  Sir  Dudley  to  Nicholas.     Vol.  cccxc.  No.  115.     [2f  pp.'\ 

19.  Suggestions  concerning  a  commission  to  take  account  of  the 
crown  jewels,  such  account  to  remain  with  the  clerk  of  the  robes, 
whereby  his  Majesty  at  any  time  may  be  satisfied  what  his 
jewels  are,  and  with  what  persons  they  remain.  Warrants  were  to 
go  forth  to  the  sub-dean  of  Westminster,  the  master  of  the  jewel 
house,  and  the  gentlemen  of  the  robes,  to  deliver  in  accounts  of  jewels 
in  their  charge,  and  as  there  had  not  been  any  such  account  taken 


198  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


since  1634,  it  is  suggested  that  warrants  be  sent  to  the  treasurers,  to 
discover  what  jewels  have  been  paid  for  since  that  time,     [f  p.^ 

20.  Another  similar  paper  of  suggestions.  One  of  the  inquiries 
here  proposed  is,  how  those  jewels  are  disposed  of  that  were  re- 
deemed by  Sir  Job  Harby.     [IJ  p.] 

21.  Copy  of  a  paper  stated  in  a  title  given  to  it  by  Sec.  Sir  Joseph 
Williamson  to  have  been  in  the  State  Paper  OflBce  in  the  hand- 
writing of  Sec.  Windebank  or  Mr.  Reade,  his  secretary.  It  relates 
to  various  duties  in  the  royal  household  to  be  performed  principally 
by  the  Lord  Chamberlain  and  the  groom  of  the  stole.     [2  ppJ] 

22.  Notes  upon  the  mode  of  appointment  and  duties  of  the 
chamberlains,  auditor,  tally-cutter,  usher,  messengers,  clerk  of  the 
rolls,  and  tellers  of  the  Exchequer.     [7  pp.] 

23.  Orders  established  for  the  robes,  and  stated  to  have  been 
subscribed  by  his  Majesty  and  the  Lords  of  the  Council.  They 
principally  relate  to  the  account  to  be  rendered  yearly  by  the 
gentlemen  of  the  robes,  and  the  books  to  be  kept  by  the  clerk. 
[1  p.] 

24.  Petition  of  Edmond  Nicholson,  his  Majesty's  servant,  to  the 
King,  The  subjects  desire  that  there  might  be  obtained,  to  go  along 
with  farthing  tokens,  some  supply  of  pence  and  half-pence  coined  at 
the  Tower,  for  those  are  limited  to  such  a  slender  proportion  that  little 
commodity  arises  thereof,  by  reason  of  the  extraordinary  charge  and 
toil  attending  the  coinage,  and  when  such  small  moneys  are  coined 
their  diminutive  circumference  makes  them  subject  to  be  lost.  Peti- 
tioner offers  to  have  that  defect  at  the  Tower  conveniently  supplied 
in  bullion  or  silver  plate,  the  moiety  of  such  pence  and  half-pence 
being  of  sterling  silver,  and  the  residue  of  fine  white  metal,  with  the 
circumference  larger  than  those  at  the  Tower,  which  bullion  shall 
touch  and  wear  as  well  as  most  Dutch  rix-dollars.  If  your  Majesty 
please  to  cause  silver  pence  and  half-pence  to  be  coined,  the  same  to 
be  current  only  to  the  proportion  of  five  shillings  and  not  above  in  any 
payment,  and  shall  not  desire  to  retain  the  profits  in  your  own 
hands,  petitioner  offers,  for  a  lease  of  20  years,  to  pay  5001. 
per  annum,  besides,  at  his  own  cost,  to  make  provision  of  all 
necessaries  for  the  coinage.  Petitioner  is  endeavouring  the  making 
of  plate  trenchers,  saucers,  and  pieces  of  plate,  that  by  a  sculpture 
and  stamp  shall  be  discerned  from  plate  of  full  sterling  quality,  to  be 
delivered  to  the  subject  at  3s.  8d.  per  ounce  troy,  which,  if  he  accom- 
plishes, he  will  then  augment  the  5001.  rent  to  1,000^.  per  annum. 
[]p.] 

25.  Petition  of  Henry  Cogani,  Comptroller  of  the  Mint,  to  the 
King.  About  13  years  since  petitioner  obtained  a  grant  in  reversion 
of  the  said  office,  after  Richard  Rogers,  then  comptroller,  with  the 
yearly  fee  of  100  marks,  and  was  admitted  by  Rogers  to  assist  him 
in  the  execution  of  his  pffice,  which  he  performed  for  12  years  before 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  199 


flggg?]  VOL-CCCCVI. 

the  death  of  Rogers.  It  is  requisite  tbe  office  should  be  always 
supplied  with  one  able  man  well  practised  in  the  execution  of  that 
service.  Petitioner  prays  that,  upon  surrender  of  his  former  patent, 
he  may  have  a  regrant,  together  with  WiUiam  Wheeler.     [§  p.] 

26.  Paper  endorsed  "  Barrett's  proposition  for  the  advancement 
of  foreign  coins  which  are  perfect."  The  forbidding  of  Spanish 
money  in  England  was  to  enrich  the  mint,  which  brought  forth 
contrary  effects,  for  the  French,  Dutch,  and  other  nations,  by  ad- 
vancing Spanish  coin,  received  the  greatest  profit,  as  also  the  gold- 
smiths of  London  became  factors  for  the  East  India  Company,  or  for 
the  French  or  Dutch,  or  melted  it  into  plate,  so  as  the  King  lost 
the  'benefit  in  his  mint,  besides  receiving  infinite  detriment  in  his 
customs.  If  his  Majesty  would  raise  the  Spanish  coin  to  be  current 
by  proclamation  in  England,  it  will  increase  his  Majesty's  customs,  en- 
rich the  kingdom,  and  raise  above  50,0001.  into  his  Majesty's  coffers, 
and  be  a  great  yearly  revenue,  without  in  any  way  engaging  his  Ma- 
jesty's honour,  disbursing  any  money,  or  using  the  help  of  any  mer- 
chants, but  only  the  royal  prerogative  and  the  precedent  of  other 
princes.  The  double  pistolet,  weighing  1 6s.,  should  be  raised  to  1 5s.,  the 
crown  of  the  sun,  weighing  7s.  6d.,  to  7s.,  the  piece  of  eight,  weighing 
5s.,  to  4s.  6c?. ;  and  when  there  is  store  brought  into  the  kingdom, 
then  have  a  new  proclamation  to  call  in  those  coins,  to  be  stamped 
with  a  mark,  and  to  be  raised  to  the  intrinsic  value,  arid  afterwards 
to  come  to  his  Majesty  for  the  royal  stamp  to  pass  current,  as  they 
do  in  foreign  countries ;  and  as  more  comes  into  the  kingdom  to 
receive  the  like  mark  and  pay  the  like  fees  to  his  Majesty.     [1^  p.] 

27.  Extract  of  a  portion  of  the  preceding  paper.     [^  p."] 

28.  The  like,     [i^.] 

29.  Names  of  37  persons  prosecuted  in  the  Star  Chamber  for  un- 
lawful transportation  of  gold,  with  the  amounts  transported. 
[=2  pp.-] 

30.  Petition  of  Anthony  Spittell,  Postmaster  of  Basingstoke,  to 
Sec.  Windebank.  Having  received  your  orders  for  the  performance 
of  the  King's  service,  petitioner  sent  warrants  to  the  constables  to 
warn  such  men  as  it  concerned  to  send  in  horses  for  the  King's 
special  service,  his  Majesty  being  then  in  that  country.  Complains 
that  Peter  Beacondsawe,  Thomas  Tutt,  Francis  Fawcond,  WiUiam 
French,  clerk,  Richard  Pile,  Bartholomew  Wyatt,  Thomas  Woodward, 
Thomas  Fawcond,  and  Christopher  Huett  have  neglected  the  service, 
and  derided  petitioner,  whereby,  others,  taking  encouragement,  peti- 
tioner is  unable  to  perform  his  service.  Prays  that  they  may  be  sent 
for  to  answer  their  contempt.     [1  p.] 

31.  Minute  of  the  requests  of  Thomas  Carr,  postmaster  of  Berwick. 
Thomas  Witherings,  in  consideration  of  his  grant  of  the  letter  office 
of  England  and  foreign  parts,  is  to  pay  the  posts  their  wages. 
Witherings  has  reduced  the  wages  of  Thomas  Carr  from  2s.  id.  to 


200  DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I. 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


Is.  per  diem,  all  the  rest  being  cut  off  only  but  the  third  part^  of 
their  pay,  which  "will  not  be  sufficient  to  find  horse  and  man  to 
perform  the  service,  moreover  they  are  enjoined  to  more  service  than 
formerly,  viz.,  to  carry  his  mail  of  letters  forward  and  backward 
once  a  week  gratis.  Witherings  employs  one  at  Berwick  to  carry 
his  letters  from  thence  to  Edinburgh  for  20s.  a  week.  Carr  has 
offered  to  perform  it  for  a  great  deal  less  ;  but  Witherings  not  only 
denies  the  same,  but  threatens  to  put  Carr  out  of  his  place  if  he  go 
not  speedily  down,  he  waiting  only  for  the  arrears  of  his  post  wages, 
without  which  he  is  not  able  to  subsist.  Requests  that  his  pay  may 
be  made  Is.  Sd.  per  diem,  that  he  maj'  carry  the  letters  from  Ber- 
wick to  Edinburgh,  and  also  that  he  may  be  sworn  his  Majesty's 
servant,  as  the  other  posts  are.     [|  p.] 

32.  Petition  of  James  Earl  of  Carlisle  to  the  King.  Queen 
Elizabeth  granted  to  the  Earl  of  Norwich,  petitioner's  grandfather, 
by  the  name  of  Sir  Edward  Denny,  the  keeping  of  Epping  Walk 
and  half  New  Lodge  Walk,  with  half  the  house  called  the  New 
Lodge  in  Waltham  Forest,  for  his  life.  King  James  likewise  granted 
to  petitioner's  grandfather,  and  to  his  father,  the  late  Earl  of  Carlisle, 
the  keeping  of  Chingford  Walk,  and  the  other  half  of  New  Lodge 
Walk,  with  the  keeping  of  your  Majesty's  game  of  pheasants,  during 
their  lives.  In  answer  to  another  petition  of  petitioner,  your 
Majesty  ordered  the  Attorney-General  to  prepare  a  grant  of  the 
keeping  of  the  said  walks  and  game  to  petitioner,  after  the  decease 
of  his  father  and  grandfather,  which  events  having  occurred  before 
the  said  grant  was  fully  perfected,  petitioner  prays  a  grant  of  the 
same  for  his  life.     [|  |3.] 

33.  Statement  of  the  claim  of Andrews,  a  prisoner  in  the 

King's  Bench,  as  assignee  of  Job  Bradshawe,  a  brewer,  who  had 
survived  his  Majesty's  servant,  Charles  Barrett,  to  a  grant  of  such 
deserted  lands  as  Barrett  had  discovered  in  cos.  Devon,  Somerset, 
I/incoln,  and  Cambridge,  of  which  lands  one  third  part  was  reserved 
out  of  the  grant  for  his  Majesty,  the  remaining  two  thirds  being 
agreed  to  be  grapted  to  the  patentees  in  fee  farm  at  2d.  per  acre. 
It  was  suggested  that  some  person,  addressed  as  "  your  Lordship," 
should  pray  a  grant  of  the  King's  third  part  at  2d.  or  Sd.  an  acre., 
after  whicli  the  two  parts  of  the  patentees  might  be  easily  had.  It 
is  suggested  the  Earl  of  Arundel  had  got  many  thousand  acres  of 
deserted  lands  in  Norfolk,  and  Endymion  Porter  2,000  acres  of  like 
lands.     [2  pp.} 

34.  William  Wise  to  Sec.  Windebank.  Proposes  to  prosecute 
such  course  of  law  as  thereby  his  Majesty  shall  be  rightfully  entitled 
to  all  marsh  lands  sometimes  overflowed  with  salt  water,  lying 
between  the  ancient  high  and  now  low  water  mark  of  the  sea  or 
navigable  rivers,  for  which  the  writer  desires  that  he  may  be  secured 
by  patent  of  the  marshes  of  Tydd  St.  Mary's,  Tydd  St.  Giles,  and 
Newton,  in  cos.  Lincoln  and  Cambridge,  wherein  he  is  now  estated  as 
a  purchaser,  and  has  drained  aud  embanked  most  part  thereof,  for 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  1.  201 


[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 

which  grant  he  will  render  to  the  crOwn  a  new  increased  rent  of 
301.  per  annum  for  ever.  The  better  to  enable  him  to  do  this  ser- 
vice, he  prays  pardon  of  the  Star  Chamber  sentence.     [|  p.] 

35.  The  King  to  Commissioners  [of  Sewers,  co.  Lincoln].  We 
have  formerly  declared  our  resolution  for  draining  that  level  of  fens 
lying  in  co.  Lincoln  within  the  extent  of  your  commission,  which  is 
a  work  of  public  consequence,  and  we  have  ever  been  ready  to 
advance  the  same.  We  have  recommended  to  you  several  persons 
to  be  undertakers  for  such  draining,  by  whom,  although  there  has 
been  some  progress  made,  yet  we  find  that  the  most  material  part 
to  be  done  by  you  is  still  wanting,  which  is  for  a  recompense  to  be 
assigned  in  land  for  the  labour  of  so  great  a  work.  We  desire  to 
give  the  country  all  reasonable  satisfaction,  and  to  take  away  all 
pretence  for  further  delay  ;  wherefore  we  have  thought  fit  to  appoint 
Kobert  Earl  of  Lindsey,  Lord  High  Chamberlain,  to  be  sole  under- 
taker for  the  draining  of  the  said  level,  requiring  you  to  make  a 
general  bargain  with  him,  and  to  decree  him  such  recompense  of 
land  as  the  charge  of  so  great  a  work  shall  deserve.  We  are  assured 
that  our  said  cousin  is  a  person  most  agreeable  to  you,  and  there- 
fore, as  well  out  of  that  consideration  as  in  confidence  of  his  ability 
to  discharge  the  service,  we  have  made  choice  of  him  to  be  the 
undertaker.     ICopy.     1  p.'] 

36.  Agreement  under  the  Great  Seal  between  the  King  and 
Robert  Earl  of  Lindsey,  for  draining  the  Eight  Hundred  Een,  co. 
Lincoln,  containing  by  estimation  21,000  acres.  [Attested  copy, 
much  damaged.^ 

37.  Calculation  of  the  shares  in  which  12,000^,  was  to  be  advanced 
by  the  Earl  of  Lindsey  and  his  co-participants,  that  sum  being  re- 
quired as  a  stock  for  carrying  out  the  agreement  with  his  Majesty 
for  draining  the  Eight  Hundred  Fen.  The  number  of  participants 
was  eight,  the  number  of  shares  eighteen,  which  were  held  as  follows : 
the  Earl  of  Lindsey  held  four  shares ;  the  Earl  of  Dorset,  two  shares  ; 
Lord  Willoughby,  two  shares ;  Peregrine  Bertie,  one  share ;  Sir 
Edward  Heron,  two  shares ;  Sir  William  Killigrew,  five  shares ; 
Sir  Thomas  Stafford  and  Sir  Francis  Godolphin,  each  one  share. 
[Similar  to  Vol.  ccclxxviii.,  No.  49.     If  p.] 

38.  Petition  of  Henry  Earl  of  Dover,  Sir  Abraham  Dawes,  and 
others,  to  the  King.  Ever  since  your  Majesty  gave  order,  two  years 
since,  for  petitioners  to  sue  in  the  Duchy  court  for  recovery  of  their 
possessions,  detained  hj  Sir  Robert  Heath  and  Sir  Cornelius  Ver- 
muyden,  they  have  followed  the  case,  so  as  it  would  have  come  to  a 
hearing  this  term,  but  that  they  were  cunningly  delayed  by  Sir 
Robert  and  Sir  Cornelius,  who,  by  means  of  this  extraordinary  dry 
summer,  and  help  of  engines,  and  not  their  pretended  "sough," 
which  is  no  ways  perfected,  got  ore  out  of  petitioners'  mines,  which 
are  not  above  six  or  seven,  and  yet  themselves  have  400  or  500 
within  their  plot  of  ground.     Pray  order  that  the  profits  arising  out 


202  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I, 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


of  petitioner's  mines  may  be  sequestered  into  indifferent  bands,  or 
that  Sir  Robert  and  Sir  Cornelius  may  give  security  to  answer  the 
same  when  the  cause  is  determined.  {Underwritten:  "This  to  be 
showed  to  Sir  Robert  Heath,  aud  bis  answer  required."     \  jp.] 

39.  Answer  of  Henry  Earl  of  Dover,  Sir  Abraham  Dawes,  with 
others,  to  a  petition  of  Sir  Robert  Heath.  They  do  not  desire  a 
sequestration  of  the  possession  of  their  mines,  as  Sir  Robert  Heath 
would  cunningly  persuade  his  Majesty,  but  only  a  sequestration  of 
the  profits  of  those  few  mines  (being  not  above  seven)  to  which 
they  lay  claim  (while  Sir  Robert  has  lOOj,  that  the  profits  may  be 
kept  in  safety  until  the  cause  be  heard,  to  be  then  restored  to  the 
right  owners.  Although  the  order  of  Council  was  penned  with  dis- 
advantage to  them,  yet  do  they  not  in  the  least  jot  seek  to  alter 
anything  therein,  as    unjustly  charged    by  Sir   Robert's  petition. 

40.  Petition  of  Lord  William  Howard  to  the  King.  Your  Ma- 
jesty is  seized  by  the  attainder  of  Leonard,  Edward,  and  Francis 
Dacre,  sons  of  William  Lord  Dacre,  of  a  certain  piece  of  waste  ground 
called  the  Forest  of  Gweltsdale,  the  ancient  rent  being  40s.,  and 
upon  the  demise  made  to  the  Lord  Scrope  62s.  lOd.  per  annum. 
Petitioner  is  owner  of  one  part  of  the  said  Forest  of  Gweltsdale  in 
right  of  his  wife,  and  the  other  part  is  open,  the  tenants  adjoining 
having  common  without  stint  or  number,  there  being  no  timber  trees 
or  other  wood  of  value  thereupon.  Ranulph  Dacre,  the  last  heir  male 
of  that  noble  family,  being  now  deceased,  the  said  Forest  of  Gwelts- 
dale, with  other  lands,  are  pretended  to  revert  to  the  heirs  general  of 
Lord  Dacre  not  attainted,  and  so  your  Majesty's  title  thereto  should 
be  extinct.  Petitioner  being  desirous  to  do  your  Majesty  service, 
and  hoping  that  he  is  able  to  show  that  your  right  is  not  extinct  in 
law,  prays  a  grant  in  fee-farm  of  the  said  forest.     [^  ^.] 

41.  A  plan  or  map  of  Peterborough  Little  Fen,  alias  Fleg  Fen, 
CO.  Lincoln,  the  King's  part  being  subdivided. 

42.  Petition  of  Sir  Philiberto  Vernatti  to  the  King.  Prays  a 
protection  for  13  months,  and  that  his  sureties.  Sir  John  Brooke,  and 
three  of  his  brethren,  Antonio,  Abraham,  and  Maximilian  Vernatti, 
for  so  much  only  as  they  stand  engaged  for  petitioner's  debts  may 
enjoy  the  benefit  of  it.  When  the  Earl  of  Bedford's  delays  and 
failings  made  petitioner  liable  to  suits,  your  Majesty  protected  him. 
Prays  your  Majesty  not  to  refuse  it  now,  when  it  was  your  Majesty's 
late  undertaking,  and  not  proceeding  accordingly,  that  caused  the 
heavy  weight  of  his  debts  to  increase  upon  petitioner,  to  his  utter 
destruction.  By  effectual  proceeding,  his  estate  would  prove  suffi- 
ciently able  to  pay  all  he  owes,  with  interest  and  damages,  and 
leave  him  a  plentiful  overplus.     [|  p.] 

43.  Another  petition,  similar  to  the  preceding.     [|  p.] 

44.  Statement  respecting  the  liability  to  repair  Audry  [Aldreth]  and 
Earith  causeys  and  bridge.     Since  William  the  Conqueror  there  has 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  203 


[1638?]  V0L.CCCCVI. 

been  a  long  causey  over  the  fens,  called  Alderhee,  vulgo  Audry  Causey, 
being  the  King's  highway  from  Cambridge  to  Ely.  There  is  another 
causey  out  of  Huntingdonshire  to  Ely,  called  Earith  Causey,  and  at 
the  east  end  of  Audry  Causey  is  a  great  bridge  over  the  Ouse,  with 
smaller  bridges  in  several  parts  of  the  said  causey.  These  causeys 
and  bridges  were  ancientlj''  maintained  by  the  bishops  of  Ely, 
by  right  of  sundry  great  manors  belonging  to  that  see.  In  the 
reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  the  see  being  void  for  20  years,  they  were 
repaired  by  the  Queen's  officers,  and,  when  certain  great  manors 
were  taken  away  from  that  bishopric,  it  was  covenanted  with  Bishop 
Heaton  that  the  bishops  should  be  exempted  from  these  repairs. 
In  44th  Elizabeth,  Thomas  [Earl  of  Arundel],  then  Lord  Howard, 
purchasing  from  the  Queen  the  manor  of  Haddenham,  had  an  abate- 
ment of  300?.,  on  his  covenanting  to  discharge  the  Crown  from  re- 
paration of  the  said  bridges.  About  25  years  ago  the  high  bridge 
over  the  Ouse  fell  down,  and  no  new  bridge  having  been  built,  a 
fei'ry  is  kept,  in  the  right  of  the  said  Earl,  who  exacts  ferriage,  to 
the  great  loss  of  his  Majesty's  subjects,  some  six  or  seven  having 
lost  their  lives  there,  and  the  great  market  at  Audry  for  fat  cattle 
being  thereby  quite  decayed,  to  the  particular  damage  of  the  Bishop 
of  Ely,  and  the  impoverishment  of  the  tenants  of  the  bishop,  and 
the  dean  and  chapter,  and  all  others.     [1  p.'] 

45.  Information  of  John  Felpps,  touching  the  mode  of  draining 
the  fen  lands  of  the  manor  of  Soham,  co.  Cambridge,     [f  ^.J 

46.  Petition  of  Cuthbert  Bacon,  your  Majesty's  long  and  faithful 
servant,  to  the  King.  About  30  years  since  petitioner  bought  the 
place  of  ranger  alias,  ryding  fostership,  in  the  New  Forest,  Hants,  of 
John  Norton,  for  a  valuable  consideration.  Being  grown  aged  peti- 
tioner prays  leave  to  assign  that  place  to  his  son  Thomas,  an  able 
man,  and  capable  of  the  service.     \_\  p.] 

47.  Minute  of  application  of  Sir  Thomas  Wroth.  In  Trinity  Term 
1638,  a  commission  was  awarded  out  of  the  Exchequer  to  inquire  of 
the  bounds  of  Petherton  Forest,  Somerset,  and  to  treat  with  the 
owners  for  the  disafforestation  or  otherwise  in  respect  of  any 
defects  in  their  grants.  The  commissioners  gave  warrant  to  the 
sheriflFto  empannel  a  jury,  and  by  the  records  given  in  evidence  it 
nppeared  that  a  great  part  of  this  forest  was  afforested  by  King 
John.  Wherefore  the  commissioners  dismissed  the  jury,  and  forbore 
to  treat  with  the  owners  of  land  within  the  said  forest  for  either  dis- 
afforesting or  for  any  defects  in  their  grants.  Within  the  ancient 
bounds  of  this  forest  Sir  Thomas  Wroth  has  some  1,400  acres,  worth 
1,400?.  per  annum,  for  disafforesting  whereof,  and  to  have  a  new 
grant  he  is  willing  to  compound.  [Endorsed,  "  Petherton  Forest, 
James  Leviston."     1  p\ 

48.  Answer  to  objections  made  as  touching  the  timber  latelj-  con- 
verted for  his  Majesty's  use  in  Shotover  and  Stowe  Wood,  co.  Oxford. 
The    objections    were  that  the  timber  cut  was  unserviceable  and 


'     204  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


over  costly.     The   answer  runs  into  various   details  to  show  the 
contrary.     [2  pp.'] 

49.  Eeport  of  Richard  Hore  and  Richard  Parne,  preservators  of 
Shotover  Forest  and  Stowe  Wood.  His  Majesty  has  leased  out  all  his 
coppices  in  these  forests  for  51  years,  aud  granted  away  all  the 
timber  trees,  excepting  4,000  to  be  marked  for  the  use  of  the  navy, 
and  10,000  other  young  trees  to  be  reserved  for  a  future  supply. 
We  have  viewed  the  said  trees,  and  find  the  4,000  for  shiptimber  to 
be  marked  in  some  reasonable  good  sort ;  8,000  more  are  worth 
8,000?.  at  the  least ;  yet,  notwithstanding,  of  the  10,000  smaller  trees 
a  thousand  of  the  best  of  them  are  not  worth  above  5001.,  and  of  the 
remaining  9,000  many  are  not  worth  above  2s.  each,  and  many  not 
above  8c?.  We  are  of  opinion  that  it  would  be  most  for  his  Majesty's 
benefit  to  keep  these  forests  in  his  own  hands  ;  his  Majesty's  profit 
herein,  the  good  of  the  country,  and  the  beauty  and  life  of  these 
forests  lie  now  at  stake.     [1  p.] 

50.  Notes  on  the  value  of  a  grant  of  Shotover  and  Stowe  Woods, 
CO.  Oxford,  made  to  the  Earl  of  Lindsey.  The  carpenters  in  Oxford, 
who  were  set  by  Dr.  Bancroft  to  value  the  trees,  estimated  them  at 
16,000L,  which  is  too  much  by  5,000?. ;  but  allowing  their  valuation, 
the  timber  already  marked  by  the  shipwright  for  the  navy  is  worth 
3,500?.,  and  the  young  trees  which  the  Earl  of  Lindsey  ofiers  to 
leave,  being  6,000,  cannot  be  less  worth  than  2,000?. ;  besides,  the 
planting  of  coppices  will  cost  the  Earl  2,000?.,  and  of  the  rest  Sir 
■Timothy  Tyrrell  will  have  the  bark,  tops,  and  lops,  which  is  half  as 
much  as  the  trees  are  worth,  so  that  this  suit  cannot  be  so  good  to  the 
Earl  of  Lindsey  as  his  Majesty  intended  when  he  set  his  hand  to  the 
first  warrant.     [1  p.l 

51.  Brief  for  the  defendants  in  a  case  of  the  Queen's  Attorney- 
General,  upon  the  relation  of  John  Spatchurst,  Roger  Wyvell,  and 
Edmond  Leighton,  against  Robert  Herbert  and  others,  defendants. 
The  plaintiff  claimed  the  manor  of  Gothland,  co.  York,  as  part  of  the 
Queen's  jointure.  The  defendants  set  up  a  grant  of  the  same  manor 
by  James  I.  to  Sir  Robert  Carey,  afterwards  Earl  of  Monmouth,  and 
John  Barton,  in  fee-farm,  under  which  grant  they  claimed.     [1|^.] 

52.  Petition  of  Colonel  Sir  Andrew  Grey  to  the  King.  Your 
Majesty,  "  at  Portsmouth,  before  the  petitioners  last  going  over," 
promised  that  if  petitioner  should  return  you  would  provide  for  his 
future  maintenance.  Your  intentions  have  been  hindered  by  the 
unwillingness  of  your  officers,  for  of  petitioner's  pension  in  Scotland 
he  has  received  during  the  last  four  years  only  100?.,  and  for  your 
last  grant,  for  the  arrears  of  his  "gages,"  he  has  not  received  one 
penny,  but  after  a  tedious  suit  was  forced  to  give  it  all  out  in  assig- 
nation to  his  creditors,  who  finding  but  slow  payment  refuse  him  any 
longer  trust,  so  that  now,  being  dejected  by  fortune,  refused  of  his 
creditors,  and  oppressed  with  old  age  and  sickness,  after  the  escape 
of  so  many  hazards  which  he  has  run  through  abroad  in  the  service 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  205 


[1638?]  VOL.CCCCVL 

of  your  Majesty  and  your  allies,  through  the  extremity  of  his  wants 
he  shall  perish  at  home.  King  James  granted  Brogborough  Park 
and  three  other  parks  in  the  honour  of  Ampthill  to  Lord  Bruce  for 
two  lives,  both  yet  in  being,  and  afterwards  your  Majesty  granted 
the  said'  other  three  parks  to  one  Johnston  in  fee-farm  after  the 
expiration  of  Lord  Bruce's  grant.  The  reversion  of  Brogborough 
Park  being  in  your  Majesty's  disposal  after  the  two  lives  in  being, 
petitioner  prays  a  grant  of  the  same  in  fee-farm  after  Lord  Bruce's 
grant,  in  such  manner  as  the  three  parks  were  granted  to  Johnston, 
reserving  the  yearly  rent  of  26/.  1.3s.  id.,  or  a  grant  of  10,000  acres 
to  be  planted  in  Connaught.     [|  ^J.] 

53.  The  King  to  Bishop  Skinner  of  Bristol.  The  revenues  of 
divers  bishopries  in  England  have  been  so  diminished  that  they 
suffice  not  to  maintain  the  bishops  according  to  their  dignity.  We,  in 
our  care  of  the  Church,  have  signified  our  command  to  the  bishops 
of  those  sees  which  are  much  impoverished,  for  joining  some  con- 
venient means  to  them,  not  purposing  thereby  to  deny  such  necessary 
commendams  as  we  shall  think  fit.  To  this  purpose  we  directed 
our  letters  of  28th  March  1633  to  your  predecessor,  concerning  the 
manor  of  Abbots  Cromwell  alias  Cromhall,  in  co.  Gloucester,  re- 
quiring him,  upon  the  expii-ation  of  the  old  lease,  not  to  renew  the 
same,  but  to  reserve  it  for  the  use  of  the  bishop.  Being  informed 
that  the  manor  and  farm  of  Horfield  lie  much  nearer  to  your 
dwelling  house  in  Bristol,  and  have  a  better  house  for  your  re- 
tiring in  summer  or  in  time  of  sickness  in  the  city,  and  are  of  better 
value  for  support  of  your  bishopric,  we  therefore  wrote  our  letters 
concerning  Abbots  Cromwell,  and  require  you,  for  better  help  of 
hospitality,  after  the  termination  of  the  existing  lease,  to  hold  the 
manor  and  farm  of  Horfield  in  your  own  hands,  or  not  to  lease  the 
same  otherwise  than  for  your  term  of  continuance  in  that  see. 
[Copy.     1^  p.] 

54.  The  King  to Upon  occasion  of  [Ezekiel  ?]  Wright's  par- 
ticular case,  whom  we  have  presented  to  the  church  of  Dennington, 
Suffolk,  against  whom  Sir  John  Eous,  the  pretended  patron,  has 
brought  a  "  quare  impedit "  in  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  we  have 
received  information  how  the  case  of  almost  all  clerks  presented  by 
us  now  stands,  that  when  they  are  impleaded  by  writs  of  quare 
ifnpedit  the  defendant  is  compelled  to  maintain  our  title  against 
a  plaintiff  who  cannot  maintain  his  own.  A  greater  mischief  also 
arises  out  of  this  rule  of  law,  which  is,  that  in  cases  of  simony,  or 
upon  a  nullity  of  a  super-institution,  the  justice  of  the  sentences  of 
the  High  Commission  are  thus  unavoidably  brought  into  question 
and  tried  by  a  jury.  We  recommend  to  you  that  when  any  of  our 
counsel  at  law  shall  attend  you  herein  you  will  so  take  it  to  heart 
that  you  find  the  best  way  to  give  a  check  to  this  bye-way  of  pro- 
ceeding, which  the  judges  of  the  courts  of  law  cannot  decline,  and. 
what  you  shall  find  to  be  done  in  this  case  of  Wright,  when  in  a 
judicial  way  it  is  brought  before  you,  you  speedily  execute  for  his 
quiet  settling  in  Bennington,  and  that  you  pursue  the  same  in  all 


206  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


other  cases  of  the  like  nature,  until  you  have  reduced  it  back  to  that 
pass  that  a  clerk  presented  by  us  be  not  set  in  worse  case  than 
all  the  rest  of  our  subjects,  nor  our  High  Commission  Court  be 
exposed  to  the  weak  judgments  or  to  the  wilfulness  of  a  country 
jury.     [Copy  or  draft.     Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebank.     1  p.'] 

55.  Order  of  the  King.  Upon  a  petition  exhibited  to  us  by  our 
servant,  Dr.  Paul  Mickletliwaite,  Master  of  the  Temple,  concerning 
differences  between  him  and  the  houses  of  the  Temple,  we  referred 
the  same  to  certain  Lords  of  the  Council,  who  settled  a  final  end, 
with  the  consent  of  both  sides,  in  which  it  was  agreed  that  all  arrear- 
ages unpaid  during  the  time  of  those  differences  should  be  satisfied. 
Notwithstanding  which  order,  wo  understand  that  the  arrearages 
are  yet  detained.  We  command  that  all  monies  due  to  Dr.  Mickle- 
thwaite  from  both  the  houses  to  this  present,  as  well  the  profits  of 
the  mastership  as  the  sums  due  upon  agreement  for  his  pains  of 
preaching  on  Sundays  in  the  afternoon,  be  forthwith  paid,  expecting 
that  for  the  future  he  enjoy  both  the  rights  of  the  mastership  and 
these  other  payments.     [Draft.     1  j?.] 

56.  Order  of  certain  Lords  of  the  Council,  referees  of  a  petition  of 
Dr.  Paul  Micklethwaite,  Master  of  the  Temple.  The  said  master 
has  twenty  chambers  in  Parson's  Court  and  in  the  churchyard, 
which  his  predecessors  have  let  at  their  pleasure,  and  which  in 
value,  one  with  another,  are  worth  4<l.  a  chamber,  but  by  building 
may  be  much  improved  in  value.  He  has  also,  for  the  rolls  of  18rf. 
per  annum  of  every  gentleman  in  both  houses,  of  the  Inner  house 
but  lU.  10s.  and  of  the  Middle  house  171.,  in  all  311.  10s.,  which  is 
all  that  he  has  of  the  houses  for  his  ministry.  It  is  ordered,  that  he 
deliver  up  his  cliambers  to  the  two  houses,  receiving  for  them  and 
for  his  tithes  and  oblations  200Z.,  in  equal  portions,  every  term,  pro- 
vided that  those  monies  which  have  been  lately  detained  be  paid, 
and  that  when  they  build  Parson's  Court,  they  make  him  a  con- 
venient lodging.  He  is  to  preach  every  Sunday,  and  so  long  as  he 
shall  reside  the  Temple  shall  allow  him  diet  for  two  men ;  he  shall 
also  have  the  rolls  of  the  gentlemen  brought  to  him  every  term,  that 
he  may  know  who  do  not  communicate,  that  either  by  private 
admonition  they  may  be  reformed,  or  that  the  orders  of  the  house 
may  pass  upon  them.  He  is  to  be  present  at  all  meetings  about 
repairing  the  church,  and  all  rights  of  liis  office  are  to  be  preserved 
entire.     [1 JJ.] 

57.  Archbishop  Laud,  Sir  John  Lambe,  Dr.  Kobert  Newell,  and 
Dr.  William  Bray,  Cornmissioners  for  Causes  Ecclesiastical,  to  John 
Wragg  and  William  Flamsted,  Messengers  of  the  Chamber.  Warrant 
to  apprehend  Sir  Edward  Payton,  of  Covent  Garden,  and  bring  him 

before  the  Commissioners,    [/i.  blank  form,  not  fully  filled  up.    Seal 
of  High  Commission  irapressed.     1  p.^ 

58.  Petition  of  Matthew  Griffith,  clerk,  to  the  King.  Your 
Majesty  gave  direction  to  the  Master  of  Eequests  to  signify  to  the 
Master  of  the  EoUs  that  he  should  order  petitioner's  admittance  to 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  207 


11638^3  VOL.CCCCVI. 

the  termly  preacher's  place  in  the  Eolls,  void  by  death,  to  which  he 
was  admitted  accordingly  by  order  of  the  master  and  the  joint 
approbation  of  the  six  clerks.  On  the  Sunday  following,  petitioner 
made  his  appearance  in  the  KoUs  Chapel,  but  was  not  permitted  to 
officiate,  by  reason  of  a  peremptory  command  from  the  Master  of  the 
Eolls  and  his  lady,  upon  pretence  that  petitioner  had  made  some 
untrue  suggestion  to  your  Majesty,  whereof  he  earnestly  desires  to 
clear  himself.     Prays  reference  to  some  of  the  Lords  of  the  Council. 

[fi'-l 

59.  Petition  of  Thomas  Jones,  clerk,  chaplain  to  Edward  Viscount 
Conway  and  Killultagh,  to  the  King.  Edward  Togood  obtained  a 
presentation  from  your  Majesty  to  the  portion  of  Tidcombe  in  the 
church  of  Tiverton,  in  the  lifetime  of  the  simoniacal  incumbent,  William 
Sharpe,  which  presentation,  having  a  former  grant  from  the  simoniacal 
patron,  he  kept  dormant  \mtil  the  death  of  the  said  simoniacal  Sharpe, 
and  then  joined  the  royal  grant  to  that  of  the  simoniacal  patron,  and 
so  procured  institution  from  the  bishop  upon  both  titles  together, 
making  no  other  use  of  your  Majesty's  grant  than  to  palliate  the  pre- 
tended simony.  These  abuses  appearing,  your  Majesty  revoked  Togood's 
grant,  and  conferred  your  right  to  the  said  church  upon  petitioner, 
who,  not  obtaining  institution  from  the  bishop,  was  forced  to  a  tedious 
suit  in  the  Arches,  where  the  said  church  is  declared  void,  upon  such 
contradictory  institution,  and  the  abuses  of  your  grant  have  been 
justly  sentenced,  from  which  sentence  Togood  has  appealed  to  the 
Court  of  Delegates.  Prays  the  King  to  signify  to  the  Judges 
Delegates  that  the  revocation  granted  to  petitioner  be  efiectually 
made  use  of.     [|  p.] 

60.  Petition  of  "Vincent  Gregory,  Italian,  D.D.,  to  Archbishop 
Laud  of  Canterbury.  Has  suffered  above  three  weeks  imprisonment 
in  the  Gatehouse,  Westminster,  upon  information  against  him  in  the 
High  Commission  Court,  for  offences  which,  after  due  examination, 
will  appear  to  be  an  effect  only  of  the  malice  of  the  minister  of  the 
Italian  Church  in  London,  and  that  the  witnesses  against  him  were 
brought  into  court  by  his  subornation.  Petitioner's  whole  estate 
being  in  the  custody  of  the  court,  he  prays  that  upon  security  given 
for  his  performing  the  sentence  of  the  court  tp  be  given  herein  that 
he  may  be  discharged  of  his  imprisonment  and  have  his  moneys 
restored  to  him.     [|  p.^ 

61.  Petition  of  Roger  James,  parish  clerk  of  St.  Pancras,  Soper 
Lane,  London,  to  the  same.  Petitioner  has  been  for  many  years 
clerk  in  the  above  parish,  being  one  of  your  Grace's  peculiars,  where 
the  wages  are  only  31.  per  annum.  In  another  peculiar,  viz.,  St. 
Vedast,  Foster  Lane,  there  is  a  great  difference  between  the  rector 
and  parishioners  about  the  choice  of  a  clerk,  which  you  have  referred 
to  Sir  John  Lambe.  The  man  appointed  by  the  rector  is  in  holy 
orders,  but  has  relinquished  them,  and  lived  as  a  layman,  contrary  to 
the  canon,  so  that  in  likelihood  the  place  will  fall  upon  the  parish 
choice,  which  have  no  right  thereto.     Prays  the  Archbishop,  for 


208  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


settling  peace  and  for  advancement  of  petitioner,  to  commend  him 
as  a  third  man.     [f  p.] 

62.  Drs.  William  Sammes,  John  Farmery,  and  Arthur  Duck,  to  the 
Archbishop  of  Canterbury.  Certiiicate  in  favour  of  John  Milward, 
notary  public,  to  be  admitted  a  proctor  of  the  Court  of  Arches. 
[I  p.] 

63.  Petition  of  Morgan  Winne,  D.D.,  to  the  same.  Andrew  Morris, 
Dean  of  St.  Asaph,  parson  of  Chiddingston,  Kent,  (a  benefice  in  your 
collation,)  and  petitioner  beneficed  at  Brasted,  Kent,  also  in  your 
gift,  are  desirous,  for  convenience  sake,  to  make  an  exchange  of  the 
benefice  of  Chiddingston  for  a  donative  of  petitioner's  in  Denbighshire, 
called  Llanrwst,  of  equal  value.  Pray  that  they  may  have  your 
approbation,     [f  pJ] 

64.  Petition  of  Francis  Tucker,  B.D.,  prisoner  in  Newgate  for 
debt,  to  the  same.  Samuel  Eaton,  prisoner  in  Newgate,  com- 
mitted by  you  for  a  schismatical  and  dangerous  fellow,  has  held 
conventicles  in  the  gaol,  some  to  the  number  of  70  persons,  and  is 
permitted  by  the  keeper  openly  to  preach.  Eaton  has  oftentimes 
afiirmed  in  his  sermons  that  baptism  was  the  doctrine  of  devils,  and 
its  original  an  institution  from  the  devil,  and  has  railed  against  the 
archbishop,  affirming  that  all  bishops  were  heretics,  blasphemers,  and 
anti-christians.  The  keeper,  having  notice  hereof  by  petitioner,  who 
desired  that  these  great  resorts  might  be  prevented,  and  Eaton  be 
reproved,  and  removed  to  some  other  place  in  the  prison,  replied  to 
petitioner  disdainfully,  threatening  to  remove  him  to  some  worser 
place.  The  keeper  has  been  present  in  a  conventicle  of  60  persons 
when  Eaton  was  preaching.  He  said  there  was  a  very  fair  and 
goodly  company,  and  stayed  there  some  season.  Contrary  to  the 
charge  of  the  High  Commission,  he  permits  Eaton  to  go  abroad  to 
preach  to  conventicles.  The  keeper  also  caused  petitioner's  sister  to 
be  removed  out  of  the  prison,  contrary  to  the  opinion  of  a  doctor, 
and  she  died  the  very  next  day,  her  chamber  being  presently  after 
her  removal  assigned  to  Eaton,  it  being  the  most  convenient  place 
in  the  prison  for  keeping  his  conventicles.  Prays  the  Archbishop  to 
refer  the  examination  of  this  matter  to  Isaac  Pennington  and  John 
Wollaston,  sherifls  of  London,  and  in  the  meantime  to  take  such 
course  with  the  keeper  as  shall  be  thought  fitting.     [1  p.l 

65.  Petition  of  John  Tregonwell  to  the  same.  The  Bishop  ot 
Bristol  has  craved  the  assistance  of  the  High  Commission  Court 
against  James  Kawsoii,  an  exorbitant  minister  of  his  diocese,  and 
he  now  tliereupon  stands  convented  before  you.  Petitioner  lias  been 
much  maligned  by  Rawson,  who  by  petitions  to  the  King,  to  your 
Grace,  to  the  Lord  Chief  Justice  Finch,  by  motion  also  in  open  court, 
and  by  endless  clamours  abroad,  has  traduced  petitioner  in  his  good 
name.  Prays  that  Rawson's  complaints  may  not  receive  further 
credit  than  his  proofs  shall  make  good,  and  that  the  prosecutor  may 
proceed  in  a  fair  legal  way,  and  the  cause  receive  such  sentence  as 
the  merits  shall  deserve,     [f  p.] 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  209 


[1638?]  Vol.  CCCCVI. 

66.  Petition  of  the  Bailiffs  and  Burgesses  of  the  Town  of  Shrews- 
bury to  Archbishop  Laud.  Queen  Elizabeth  granted  the  tithes  of 
the  dissolved  college  of  St.  Chad  in  Shrewsbury,  and  the  disposition 
of  the  curates  there,  to  Sir  Christopher  Hatton  in  fee,  rendering  to 
the  crown  91.  16s.  lOd.,  and  151.  payable  for  the  salary  of  two  curates, 
with  a  covenant  that  the  patentee  should  retain  so  niufih  of  the 
Queen's  rent  as  he  should  pay  to  the  curates.  Parcel  of  which  tithes, 
and  the  disposition  of  the  curates,  immediately  were  granted  to  peti- 
tioners, who  ever  since  have  elected  the  curate,  and  retained  and  paid 
151.  per  annum  for  his  salary,  and  have  also  allowed  him  their  tithes 
and  oblations,  being  4<0l.  yearly.  Mr.  Studley,  the  last  curate,  on 
the  1st  November  last  resigned,  when  one  of  the  bailiffs  and  the 
burgesses  elected  Eichard  Poole,  who  was  approved  by  the  bisbop, 
being  a  man  very  conformable  to  the  government  of  the  church ; 
yet,  upon  misinformation  as  to  the  right  of  nomination,  and  sugges- 
tions of  undue  proceedings  in  the  election,  the  King  had  been  moved 
to  require  the  bailiffs  and  burgesses  to  admit  Mr.  George  Lawson  to 
the  curate's  place,  which  tends  to  the  overthrow  of  the  Queen's  grant. 
I  Pray  the  Archbishop  to  tender  petitioners'  right,  and  to  further  their 
suit  to  his  Majesty  for  a  reference  to  such  persons  as  his  Majesty 
shall  think  fit.     [f  p.] 

67-  Petition  of  the  parishioners  of  St.  Mary,  Shrewsbury,  to  the 
same.  Tlie  tithes  of  the  parish  being  impropriate,  and  the  church 
served  only  with  a  stipendiary  curate,  who  has  no  certain  maintenance 
but  201.  pei'  annum,  the  rest  of  his  maintenance  being  arbitrary  from 
the  corporation,  and  the  parish  so  great  that  the  present  curate,  being 
a  doctor  of  divinity,  is  enforced  to  maintain  a  reader  under  him, 
of  late,  upon  a  reference  to  treat  with  the  proprietors  of  the  parishes 
of  Shrewsbury  for  augmentation  of  the  church's  means,  some  of  the 
proprietors,  possessed  of  small  parts  of  the  tithes  of  St.  Mary's,  have 
yielded  to  grant  the  fourth  part  of  their  tithes  to  the  curate,  but  a 
great  part  belongs  to  the  corporation  in  right  of  the  free  grammar 
school  there,  from  whom  the  201.  stipend  is  paid,  and  other  part, 
being  the  tithes  of  Cotton,  to  the  value  of  lOOZ.  per  annum,  granted 
to  Mr.  Lloyd,  vicar  of  St.  Alkmond's,  Shrewsbury,  who  for  the  present 
refuse  to  yield  any  part  of  their  tithes,  yet  offer  to  submit  to  the 
Archbishop.  Pray  his  favour  for  settling  the  fourth  part  of  the  tithes 
throughout  to  the  said  church,  the  school  having  a  very  great  sur- 
plusage and  revenues,  and  Mr.  Lloyd  a  competent  maintenance  arising 
out  of  his  own  parish.  Signed  by  three  churchivardens  and  24 
other  persons.     [1^.] 

68.  Petition  of  James  Chadwick,  clerk,  rector  of  Stanley  Kegis, 
CO.  Gloucester,  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Petitioner  tendered  the  agree- 
ment made  between  him  and  Thomas  Hillersdon  and  William  Burton, 
whereto  Hillersdon  has  sealed,  and  Burton  is  willing  to  seal  the  same 
when  he  shall  have  intelligence  from  Sir  John  that  Hillersdon, 
Burton,  and  Beely  shall  not  be  hereafter  further  prosecuted  upon 
the  suit  commenced  by  petitioner  against  them  in  the  High  Commis- 

13.  n 


210  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


sion.  Prays  Sir  John  to  consider  petitioner's  great  expense  in  travel 
and  extraordinary  charge  in  defending  his  right,  and  to  signify  to 
Mr.  Burton  by  letter  that  sealing  the  said  agreement  he  and 
Mr.  Hillersdon,  and  Mr.  Burton,  [Beely  ?],  shall  not  doubt  of  any 
further  trouble  touching  the  said  suit.     [^  p.] 

69.  Petition  of  Anthony  Hopkins,  brasier,  to  Sir  John  Lambe. 
About  half  a  year  ago,  petitioner  hearing  that  Mr.  Carpenter  was  in 
New  Prison  for  getting  a  wench  with  child,  which  was  spoken  by  all 
sorts  of  people,  and  he  speaking  words  to  that  effect  to  two  boys,  was 
sued  in  the  Arches  Court  for  slander,  and  being  a  very  poor  man, 
and  newly  married,  desired  Carpenter  to  refer  the  matter  to  the 
Lord  Mayor  or  to  the  company  of  brasiers,  petitioner  being  willing 
to  give  satisfaction  so  far  as  he  is  able,  but  Carpenter  refused,  saying 
that  he  would  undo  petitioner  before  he  would  leave  him.  Carpenter, 
and  Master  Fryery,  his  abettor,  aggravated  the  business,  saj'ing  they 
had  acquaintance  with  you,  and  could  have  what  damages  they 
listed.  Pra3's  Sir  John,  when  he  shall  give  sentence,  to  fix  payment 
of  moneys  awarded  to  Carpenter  for  charges,  quarterly.     [1  p.J 

70.  Petition  of  Ealph  Mercer,  of  St.  Giles' -in-the-Fields,  to  the 
same.  There  are  suits  in  several  courts  depending  between  petitioner 
and  John  Joseph,  of  Lambeth,  baker,  concerning  the  title  of  a  house 
in  St.  Giles's,  and  Joseph  has  lately  exhibited  articles  of  defamation 
in  the  High  Commission  Court,  charging  petitioner  and  one  of  his 
maid  servants  with  adultery,  and  another  of  his  maids  to  have  worn 
man's  apparel,  to  which  articles  they  replied  upon  oath  in  Hilary 
Term  last ;  yet,  notwithstanding,  Joseph  has  procured  Abraham  Dodd 
to  be  the  promoter,  who  writes  himself  of  Chidlington  [Chellington], 
CO.  Bedford,  although  he  lives  in  Lewknor's  Lane  in  St.  Giles's,  in  a 
chamber  there,  being  a  miserable  poor  man,  having  a  wife  and  children 
ready  to  starve ;  and  Joseph  likewise  invites  every  Sabbath  day  to 
dinner  one  Benjamin  Gregory,  a  porter,  a  very  weak  man  in  estate, 
as  likewise  lewd  in  conditions,  whom  he  cherishes,  to  be  a  witness 
against  petitioner  in  this  cause.  Prays  to  be  dismissed  from  further 
attendance.     [|  p.] 

71.  Petition  of  Joan  White,  relict  of  Dr.  Francis  White,  late  Bishop 
of  Ely,  to  the  same.  After  the  death  of  Bishop  Cox,  the  see  of 
Ely  was  void  20  years,  in  which  time  the  houses  of  the  bishopric 
were  greatly  decayed.  The  first  bishop  after  that  vacancy  was 
Bishop  Heton,  who  lived  there  about  10  years.  What  his  executrix 
paid  for  dilapidations  the  bishop  that  now  is  best  knows,  being 
household  chaplain  to  the  succeeding  bishop,  Dr.  Andrewes,  who 
paid  not  anything  to  Bishop  Feltou.  The  see  being  void  two 
years,  Bishop  Buckeridge  succeeded,  who  recovered  of  the  executors 
of  Bishop  Felton  400/.  for  dilapidations.  Bishop  White  suc- 
ceeded in  the  bishopric,  and  had  sentence  of  400^.  against  the 
executors  of  Bishop  Buckeridge.  Now  Bishop  Wren,  succeeding, 
has  pressed  a  greater  view  of  dilapidations,  when  indeed  there  was 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  211 


[1638?]  VOL.CCCCVL 

least  cause,  for  Bishop  White  in  his  time  expended  upon  repairing  Ely 
House  in  Holborn/Ely  Palace,  Downham  House,  and  Wisbeach  Castle, 
545Z.  lis.  6d.  She  prays  you  to  take  a  poor  widow's  case  into 
your  care,     [f  p."] 

72.  Petition  of  James  Carey,  clerk,  vicar  of  Thornborough,  co. 
Buckingham,  to  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  and  the  Lord  Keeper. 
Sir  Peter  Temple  does  not  yield  to  allow  the  incumbent  anything 
but  his  bare  stipend  of  4iOl.  per  annum  for  his  vicarage,  so  that  he 
should  be  to  seek  a  house  and  all  things  else,  being  in  a  very  dear 
place,  and  far  from  market  towns.  He  desires  to  preserve  the  rights 
of  the  church,  and  not  to  alienate  them  into  a  layman's  hand. 
Beseeches  you,  to  whom  the  case  is  referred  from  his  Majesty,  to 
appoint  another  time  to  hear  the  particulars  both  of  the  parsonage 
and  vicarage,  and  to  do  therein  as  God  shall  direct  your  pious  hearts 
for  the  good  of  his  poor  church.     [|-  p.^ 

73.  Petition  of  Francis  Foe,  clerk,  vicar  of  Barkby,  co.  Leicester, 
to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Complains  of  refractory  people  in  his  parish, 
as  appears  by  a  certificate  which  will  be  delivered  by  Dr.  Leake, 
especially  of  Thomas  Johnson,  who  slights  ecclesiastical  government 
and  canonical  obedience.  At  the  last  visitation,  petitioner  brought 
Johnson  before  Dr.  Roane,  who  returned  him  into  the  High  Com- 
mission Court,  but  he  did  not  fear  the  danger,  for  Mr.  Coker  said  he 
would  get  him  off,  which  Dr.  Robinson's  son  hearing,  told  the  visitor, 
whom  petitioner  found  very  noble  and  just  to  maintain  the  govern- 
ment of  the  church,  and  to  inflict  punishment  upon  those  who  laid 
aspersion  on,  or  disrespected,  their  minister,  but  afterwards  petitioner, 
being  much  importuned  by  Johnson's  friends,  intreated  Dr.  Roane 
that  upon  promise  of  reformation  he  would  dispense  with  him  for  a 
time,  which  he  did,  but  presently  Johnson  getting  acquaintance 
with  Dr.  Bastwick's  man,  he  Avas  more  peremptory  than  before,  as 
will  appear  by  the  certificate.  Prays  Sir  John  'either  to  advise 
petitioner  how  he  shall  prosecute,  or  out  of  his  own  authority  and 
judicious  care  of  church  government  to  work  Johnson's  reformation. 

74.  Petition  of  Everard  Falkenor  and  Lyon  Falkenor,  on  behalf 
of  themselves  and  others  of  the  parish  of  Uppingham,  co  Rutland, 
to  the  same.  In  Michaelmas  Term  last,  upon  petitioners'  suit 
to  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury  to  be  relieved  from  the  insupport- 
able taxes  and  charges  imposed  by  Anthony  Fawkener,  joiner, 
churchwarden  of  the  parish,  who  against  custom  has  continued  in 
the  said  ofiice  for  the  last  six  years,  the  Archbishop  desired  you  to 
consider  petitioners'  suggestions.  Understand  that  the  hearing  de- 
signed for  next  Easter  is  likely  to  be  postponed,  your  more  weighty 
affairs  preventing  your  return  this  vacation.  Petitioners,  since 
Fawkener's  being  churchwarden,  have  been  taxed  to  the  church  QOOl., 
whereof  180Z.  is  for  this  year,  and  he  still  continues  his  expensive 
way.  Pray  Sir  John  to  appoint  a  hearing,  and  in  the  meantime  to 
stay  the  suits  and  taxes  of  the  churchwarden.     [1  p."] 

o  2 


212  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


[1688?]  VO..CCCCVI. 

75.  Petition  of  George  Harrison  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Petitioner  has 
prepared  his  petition  annexed  to  the  High  Commission,  but  by  reason 
of  his  great  poverty  cannot  have  the  same  prefeiTed.  Prays  Sir  John 
to  take  the  same  into  his  consideration,  and  to  do  therein  whatsoever 
shall  seem  good.     [^  p.]     Annexed, 

75.  I.  Petition  of  the  sarne  to  the  Arckhiskop  of  Canterbury  and  the 

Lords  of  the  High  Commission  Court.  John  Cock,  deceased, 
having  discovered  the  incontinent  life  of  John  Thierry, 
merchant,  and  Ursula  Bapthorp,  she  offered  Code  211. 
to  he  silent,  which  he  was  content  to  accept,  and  petitioner 
went  with  Cock  when  he  should  have  received  the  money. 
At  their  com,ing  for  the  money,  ^uhich  she  appointed  at  a 
tavern,  they  were  arrested,  and  carried  to  the  Compter,  and 
thence  committed  to  Newgate.  Afterwards  at  a  sessions 
they  were  indicted,  and,  on  the  testiinonies  of  the  merchant 
and  the  said  Ursula's  sister  and  her  husband,  were  whipt 
three  times  to  the  pillory,  where  they  stood  eleven  hours, 
and  were  not  suffered  to  come  down  till  they  had  asked 
Thierry  and  Ursula's  forgiveness  before  all  the  spectators, 
and  so  were  three  times  whipt  back  again.  By  the 
extremity  of  which  execution  petitioner  lost  his  speech 
and  almost  his  understanding,  omd  Cock  was  carried 
home  dead  in  the  cart.  By  which  cruelty  and  disgrace 
petitioner,  who  was  formerly  well  respected,  is  now  utterly 
undone.  Forasmach  as  Thierry  and  Ursula  are  now 
detected  to  this  High  Court,  and  that  the  said  poor  men 
suffered  but  for  nneddling  with  the  truth  thereof,  peti- 
tioner prays  that  the  merchant  may  be  ordered  to  give  him, 
"  and  said  poor  children,"  relief  and  restitution  for  their 
sufferings,     [f  ^j.J 

76.  Petition  of  George  Hall  to  the  same.  Petitioner  was, 
about  seven  years  since  made  parish  clerk  of  Old  Windsor  by 
Richard  Humfries,  the  vicar,  and  was  sworn  at  the  metropolitical 
visitation.  Yet  Mr.  Humfries,  upon  some  spleen,  because  petitioner 
demanded  some  duties  of  his  place,  violently  took  away  from  him 
the  keys  of  the  church,  and  by  undue  suggestions  to  Sir  Nathaniel 
Brent  and  Dr.  Lynne  procured  him  to  be  suspended.  Upon  petition 
to  the  archbishop  he  referred  the  consideration  to  Sir  Nathaniel 
Brent,  who  ordered  that  petitioner  should  proceed  for  trial  of  his 
right  in  the  Arches  Court,  which  he  had  done,  until  lately  some  stay 
is  made  thereof.  Prays  that  he  may  proceed  according  to  the  justice 
of  the  court,  otherwise  he  is  utterly  ruined.     [J  p."] 

77.  Letters  testimonial  of  Bishop  Montagu  of  Chichester  that 
Ant[r]obus  Sicklemore,  B.A.,  being  presented  to  the  rectory  of 
Singleton-cum-Charleton,  Sussex,  before  his  admission  into  the  said 
rectory,  appeared,  and  signed  the  Articles  of  Religion  and  Supre- 
macy and  took  the  oaths  against  simony.  [Draft.  14  lines  on  a 
strip  of  p>archment.'\ 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  213 


[1638?]  VOL.CCCCVL 

78.  Articles  for  regulation  of  the  practice  of  the  Courts  of  Arches 
and  High  Commission,  arranged  under  certain  specified  heads,  viz., 
Touching  delays  in  causes ;  Inhibitions ;  Eegistrars  of  the  Court  of 
Arches,  and  their  clerks;  Advocates  and  Proctors ;  and  the  Registrar 
of  the  High  Commission,  and  his  deputies  and  clerks.  \_An  incoTii- 
plete  draft  by  Sir  John  Lambe.  A  fair  copy  of  a  portion  of  this 
article  will  be  found  in  Vol.  cccxxxix.,  No.  70.     7  pp-l 

79.  Official  extract  from  the  King's  Books  that  the  annual  value 
of  the  rectory  of  Overton  in  the  deanery  of  Basingstoke  was 
29?.  19s.  4Jd.  [Under  this  statement  is  written,  "  Thomas  Bishop 
Galloway,"  which  means  Bishop  Thomas  Sydeserf,  one  of  the  Scottish 
bishops  removed  by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  present  year.    |  p."] 

80.  Presentments  made  in  the  deaneries  of  Newport  and  Ayles- 
bury, and  at  Amersham,  all  co.  Buckingham,  upon  an  ecclesiastical 
visitation.  The  first  name  mentioned  is  that  of  Matthew  Brown- 
]?:nave,  presented  at  Newport  Pagnel  as  a  recusant.  At  Simpson, 
various  persons  of  several  parishes,  among  them  Mr.  Sparkes,  parson 
of  Bletchley,  and  his  wife,  were  presented  for  being  at  a  sermon 
preached  on  New  Year's  Day  by  Mr.  Pearne,  parson  of  Wilby, 
CO.  Northampton,  "  which  showed  no  licence."  The  chief  present- 
ments are  for  nonpayment  of  church  rates,  for  ante-nuptial  inconti- 
nency,  or  for  absence  from  church.  There  occur  occasionally  present- 
ments for  striking  in  the  church,  for  abusing  the  parish  clerk,  for 
standing  excommunicated,  for  grinding  on  holidays,  for  using  a  trade 
on  Sundays,  for  not  repairing  their  parts  of  the  parish  mounds,  for 
not  receiving  the  sacrament  at  Easter,  and  such  like.     [10  pp.^ 

81.  Articles  of  misdemeanor  against  Thomas  Robinson,  of  Brinklow, 
CO.  Warwick  The  principal  charges  are  for  words  in  abuse  of  the 
universities  or  the  clergy,  or  the  ceremonies  of  the  Church  ;  ex.  gr., 
that  the  universities  were  sinks  of  sin  and  pits  of  iniquity,  and  that 
he  never  knew  any  good  man  come  from  either  of  them,  two  only 
excepted  ;  that  the  conformable  curates  were  dunghill  priests  and 
hedge  priests ;  that  they  were  termed  the  pillars  of  the  Church,  but 
were  indeed  the  spillers  of  the  Church ;  that  before  he  would  be  a 
prey  to  any  knave  in  the  kingdom  he  would  receive  the  communion 
upon  his  knees,  though  it  were  against  his  conscience  and  with  reluc- 
tation  of  spirit ;  having  been  arrested  upon  a  warrant  out  of  the 
High  Commission,  and  given  bond  for  his  appearance,  upon  his 
return  to  Brinklow  he  said  that  he  was  now  come  home  again,  in 
despite  of  all  the  devils  of  hell,  and  so  forth.     [If  p.] 

82.  Articles  objected  by  the  Commissioners  for  Causes  Ecclesiastical 
against  William  Pickering  and  Ursula  his  wife,  and  Edward  Bough, 
of  the  parish  of  Stanton  Lacy,  co.  Salop.  These  are  the  articles  upon 
which  sentence  was  passed  on  the  30th  May  1638,  and  notes  of 
which  are  calendared  under  that  date.  Vol.  cccxci.,  No.  85.  Defen- 
dant, William  Pickering,  asserted  that  the  Church  of  England  was 
none  of  God's  Church,  and  that  his  Majesty  and  the  Archbishops  of 


214  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


Canterbury  and  York  were  papists  in  their  hearts.     [Draft  settled 
hy  Sir  John  Lambe.     3  pp.^ 

83.  Exceptions  taken  to  various  passages  in  sermons  of  Dr.  [John  ?] 
Prideaux.  Apparently  extracted  from  printed  copies  of  six  sermons, 
two  of  which  were  preached  before  the  university,  one  before  the 
King  at  Woodstock,  and  the  rest  at  court.  Several  of  the  passages 
reflect  upon  the  pride  and  haughtiness  of  the  clergy.     [2|  pp.'] 

84.  Minute  of  a  suit  of  Bishop  Duppa  [?]  of  Chichester  to  Arch- 
bishop Laud.  Requests  him  to  propose  to  his  Majesty  the  advantage 
which  may  be  raised  to  the  bishopric  of  Chichester  by  his  dispensation, 
with  his  instructions,  in  the  point  of  letting  leases  for  lives  of  some 
houses  ia  Chancery  Lane,  by  which  the  bishop  hoped  to  augment  the 
rents  of  the  bishopric  2001.  per  annum.  [_Endorsed  by  Sec.  Wivde- 
ba/nk.     ^  pP\ 

85.  The  King  to  Bishop  Duppa  [?]  of  Chichester.  Letter  of 
dispensation  granted  in  pursuance  of  the  request  contained  in  the 
article  last  calendared,  authorizing  the  said  bishop  to  grant  leases 
for  three  lives  of  houses  in  Chancery  Lane,  belonging  to  the  see  of 
Chichester.     [Draft  endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebanh     1  jp.] 

86.  Particular  by  Mr.  Gery  of  his  lease  from  the  Dean  and  Chapter 
of  Peterborough  of  the  manors  of  Castor,  Ailesworth,  and  Sutton, 
CO.  Northampton,  yet  in  being  for  15  years.  The  whole  premises 
are  valued  for  purchase  at  5,874?.  16s.,  exclusive  of  the  dean's  rent 
of  fifty  odd  pounds.     [1  p.] 

87.  Admonition  out  of  the  Audience  Court  of  Canterbury,  directed 
to  Elizabeth  Smyth,  widow,  relict  and  executrix  of  Millicent  Smyth. 
She  is  called  upon  to  pay  to  Samuel  Willingham  111.  14s.  for  tithes 
adjudged  to  him  by  a  sentence  given  against  Millicent  Smyth,  with 
40s.  costs,  or  to  appear  before  Sir  CharJes  Ctesar,  judge  of  the  said 
court,  in  St.  Paul's  Cathedra],  on  the  second  court  day  after  the  feast 
of  St.  Faith  the  Virgin  next,  to  see  and  hear  herself  excommunicated 
for  nonpayment.     [Copy.     \  p^ 

88.  Information,  according  to  the  endorsement,  by  [Nicholas]  Gare, 
of  misdemeanors  committed  by  Miles  Burkitt  since  his  admonition. 
Although  he  read  his  submission,  yet  he  made  an  apology  for  himself, 
and  preaching  the  same  afternoon  he  justified  himself,  saying  that  he 
never  preached  anything  tending  to  faction  and  schism.  About  the 
time  of  Prynne  and  Burton  passing  through  his  parish,  and  since  his 
admonition,  he  delivered  in  the  pulpit  that  though  the  faithful  were 
molested,  persecuted,  and  cropped,  yet  they  would  continue  faithful 
still.  Since  his  admonition  he  has  had  monthlj*  communions,  and 
has  often  omitted  to  bow  at  the  name  of  Jesus.  He  has  employed 
the  collections  for  the  poor  to  his  own  use  ;  he  has  been  at  a  conven- 
ticle and  fast  at  Marston  St.  Lawrence;  he  has  often  omitted  to 
catechise  the  youth  ;  he  has  not  begun  to  read  his  afternoon  service 
until  other  neighbouring  parishes  have   ended ;   that  they  should 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  215 


L1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 

resort  to  his  sermons,  which  he  continues  until  six  or  seven  o'clock 
at  night ;  he  uses  his  own  extemporary  prayers  when  he  visits  the 
sick ;  he  will  not  suffer  the  youth  of  the  parish  upon  Sundays,  after 
evening  prayer,  to  ring ;  nor,  when  he  churches  women,  wUl  he  suffer 
them  to  kneel  near  the  communion  table.  There  was  a  fast  held  at 
Marston  St.  Lawrence  (as  was  conceived),  for  Prynne's  and  Burton's 
deliverance,  at  which  fast  Mr.  Burkitt  was  present.     [1  p.] 

89.  Articles  objected  by  the  Commissioners  for  Causes  Ecclesias- 
tical against  Sir  Giles  Estcourt,  of  Salisbury,  that  he  had  unjustly 
got  possession  of  the  churchyard  of  St.  Edmund's,  Salisbury,  and 
had  applied  the  same  to  his  own  use,  putting  his  horses  and  cattle 
to  graze  therein,  and  had  felled  a  number  of  goodly  elm  trees  growing 
therein,  defacing  the  graveyard  mounds  in  carrying  them  away, 
and  leaving  the  church  destitute  of  defence  on  the  western  side 
against  the  winds.     [4|  pp.] 

90.  Articles  objected  by  the  Commissioners  for  Ecclesiastical 
Causes  against  Francis  Muse,  of  Holdenby,  co.  Northampton.  He 
is  charged  with  a  variety  of  ecclesiastical  offences,  most  of  then^ 
being  abuses  of  his  power  and  influence  as  keeper  of  the  Queens 
house  at  Holdenby.  He  had  refused  to  consent  to  having  any  elec- 
tion of  churchwardens,  parish  clerk,  or  any  other  parish  officers, 
unless  he  might  have  their  nomination ;  in  consequence  whereof  the 
church  had  fallen  into  great  decay,  especially  of  the  seats  and  reading 
desk,  and  there  were  no  proper  books  or  other  articles  necessary  for 
divine  service ;  and  when  the  minister  named  and  chose  one  John 
Barrett  to  be  parish  clerk,  defendant  swore  that  he  would  not  come 
to  church,  nor  receive  the  holy  communion,  so  long  as  he  continued 
parish  clerk.  Also  that  several  of  the  parishioners  having  provided 
various  articles  necessary  for  divine  service,  amongst  them  a  silver 
bowl  for  the  sacrament,  the  defendant  had  got  these  articles  into  his 
custody,  and  employed  them  to  common  uses.  That  he  had  used  the 
churchyard  as  a  milking  place  for  his  cattle,  and  kept  the  key  of  the 
church  door,  and  suffered  it  to  be  opened  only  when  he  listed.  That 
he  refused  to  bow  at  the  name  of  Jesus,  and  entertained  great  hatred 
against  the  minister,  on  whom  he  had  laid  violent  hands,  and  pro- 
tested he  would  never  come  to  church  when  that  minister  preached 
or  read  prayers.  Moreover,  that  the  few  inhabitants  of  Holdenby 
had  for  many  years  been  allowed  a  way  to  church  through  the 
garden  of  the  great  house,  but  defendant  had  denied  them  that 
accommodation,  and  compelled  the  parson  and  his  servants  to  go  a 
quarter  of  a  mile  about  by  a  way  over  shoes  and  up  to  the  ankles 
in  dirt,  with  many  other  acts  and  words  indicative  of  bad  feeling  ~ 
towards  the  clergyman.     [24  pp.] 

91.  Answers  of  Francis  Muse  to  the  questions  before  calendared. 
As  to  the  state  of  repair  of  the  church,  he  contends  that  the  seats  are 
as  handsome  as  are  ordinarily  found  in  country  churches  thereabouts ; 
that  the  minister's  reading  desk  is  as  it  has  continued  time  out  of 
mind ;  and  for  the  books,  there  is  a  fair  Bible  and  Common  Prayer 


216  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1, 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


Book,  although  neither  of  them  of  the  last  translation.  For  the 
bells,  he  never  saw  any  of  them.  There  was  a  parish  clerk  put  in 
by  Mr.  Wade,  the  last  incumbent,  who  was  displaced  by  Mr.  Hill, 
the  present  incumbent,  and  another  put  in,  whom  this  examinant  for 
just  causes  does  not  so  well  like  ;  but  he  denies  his  alleged  opposition 
to  the  election  of  churchwarden  or  parish  clerk,  or  that  he  ever  chal- 
lenged the  naming  of  them.  The  chalice  or  communion  cup  being 
foul  and  slovenly  kept,  examinant  was  by  the  last  incumbent  desired 
to  take  ifc  into  his  custody,  but  it  was  never  detained  from  the  church 
or  employed  to  any  common  use,  and  since  he  was  first  accused 
thereof  he  has  utterly  refused  to  take  the  same  into  his  keeping. 
Renting  the  churchyard  of  Mr.  Hill  for  a  yearly  consideration,  he 
put  his  kine  therein,  and  caused  them  to  be  milked  there  to  the 
number  of  20  ;  but  he  did  not  believe  that  the  place  was  ever  so  dirty 
as  to  be  offensive.  It  is  very  probable  that  dung  might  be  left  in 
the  church  porch,  but  he  took  care  to  have  it  made  clean  by  the 
Lord's  Day.  The  church  key  was  left  at  his  house  by  the  former 
parish  clerk,  but  he  never  denied  it  to  anyone  that  came  for  it.  He 
has  always  well  approved  of  bowing  at  the  name  of  Jesus.  When 
absent  from  church  it  was  when  he  was  necessitated  by  the  service 
of  the  Queen,  or  when  he  went  to  Lady  Spencer's  at  Althorp,  where 
his  wife  almost  continually  is.  The  stopping  of  the  way  alluded  to 
is  by  reason  of  her  Majesty's  pleasure  that  her  garden  should  be  kept 
private.  When  any  of  the  inhabitants  have  gone  to  church  that  way 
it  was  by  courtesy  of  examinant,  and  so  much  favour  he  should  not 
have  denied  the  parson  if  he  had  ever  fairly  desired  the  same. 
Denies  all  threats  or  acts  of  violence  towards  him.     [26^  pp.} 

92.  Opinion  of  Sir  Edward  Littleton,  Solicitor-General,  as  to  the 
right  and  mode  of  presentation  to  the  prebend  of  Sutton-cum- 
Buckingham.  A.  being  in  possession  by  grant  from  the  Crown,  and 
pretending  a  surrender  of  the  prebend  in  the  time  of  Edward  VI., 
no  such  surrender  can  be  found.  Sir  Edward  was  of  opinion  that 
A.  had  not  a  good  estate  therein,  and  that  the  King  might  confer 
the  same  on  whom  he  pleased,  by  direction  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter, 
or,  if  the  prebend  had  belonged  to  a  religious  house,  to  the  Archbishop, 
by  reason  of  the  suspension.     [1  p.'] 

93.  Abstract  by  Robert  Smith  of  the  contents  of  some  work 
written  against  the  interference  of  the  courts  of  common  law  in  suits 
respecting  customs  or  prescriptions  of  tithing,  the  offices  of  ministers, 
the  recovery  of  treble  damages  for  predial  tithes  not  set  out,  and  in 
suits  respecting  dowries,  or  money  or  chattels  obtained  by  matrimony. 

94.  Copy  of  the  same.     [2|  pp."] 

95.  Memorandum  endorsed  as  relating  to  the  New  Churchyard, 
and  addressed  to  "  Mr.  Alsop."  This  piece  of  ground  was  given  to 
the  city  for  a  burj'ing  place,  the  fee  being  Is.  for  ground  and  6d.  to 
the  grave-maker,  but  for  a  minister  I  do  not  hear  of  any,  for  it  is 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  217 


[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 

to  be  understood  they  always  bring  one  with  them.  This  maj^  be  a 
non-conformitan  plot,  that  so  in  what  manner  they  list  they  may 
bury  the  dead.  The  government  thereof  is  to  go  from  one  lord 
mayor  to  another,  and  the  profit  of  the  ground  they  may  dispose  to 
their  favourites.  Alderman  Clithorow  gave  it  to  one  Clithorow,  a 
kinsman  of  his,  in  whose  hands  it  now  is,  and  such  as  he  favours 
may  do  what  they  will,  dry  fustians  (as  a  dweller  thereby  doth),  or 
anything  else.  Suggests  that  Dr.  Worrell's  curate  should  be  ap- 
pointed to  bury  the  dead,  with  a  fee  appointed  to  him  as  well  as  to 
Clithorow  and  the  grave-maker,  and  he  to  give  an  account  for  all 
that  are  not  buried  after  the  manner  of  the  Church  of  England. 
Occasion  should  be  taken  of  this  disorderly  burying  of  Eaton  to  put 
this  in  practice;  whether  the  time  be  seasonable  the  Archbishop 
knows  best.     [1  p.^ 

96.  Note  of  the  state  of  two  appeals  from  the  Court  of  Audience 
by  Henry  Alleyn,  one  in  a  cause  of  defamation  against  Waters, 
Steward,  and  Pinkard,  in  which  the  judge  of  the  Audience  had 
excommunicated  Alleyn  for  not  answering  personally  before  wit- 
nesses were  produced.  In  this  case  the  judges  delegates  ordered  the 
original  cause  to  proceed,  Alleyn  answering  as  far  as  he  is  bound  by 
law.  The  other  appeal  was  in  a  cause  of  Furins  and  others,  church- 
wardens of  Aylesbury,  in  which  the  judge  of  the  Audience  had  given 
sentence  against  Dr.  Eoane  and  Henry  Alleyn.  Dr.  Roane  concurred 
in  the  appeal,  and  promised  to  pay  half  the  charge,  and  gave 
Mr.  Leake  order  to  lay  it  out,  but  he  refuses  to  do  so  in  Dr.  Roane's 
absence,     [f  pp.^ 

97.  Information  of  Dr.  Sibsye  or  Shepsy  and  Charles  Robson, 
respecting  700L  remitted  to  Dr.  Stoughton,  of  London,  by  Mr.  White 
and  Mr.  Benne,  of  Dorchester,  and  Mr.  Browne,  of  Frampton,  Dorset. 
The  money  was  transmitted  through  the  hands  of  Nicholas  Phill, 
of  Lydlinch,  Dorset.  It  was  stated  to  be  childrens'  portions. 
Mr.  Phill  has  been  reproved  by  his  kinsman  Higden,  of  Lyon's  Inn, 
for  "  twattling  "  about  the  matter.     [2  pp.] 

98.  Certificate  by  William  Earl  of  Newcastle,  that  William  Coote, 
D.D.,  is  well  settled  in  his  religion  and  conformity  according  to  the 
"  orthodoxall  verity  of  the  Church  of  England,"  and  that  there  is  no 
cause  of  fear  that  he  should  revolt  from  the  same  whether  he  travel 
beyond  seas  or  no.     [^  p.} 

99.  Notes  made  by  Bishop  Wren,  of  Ely,  late  of  Norwich,  on  the 
several  articles  contained  in  Bishop  Montague's  account  of  the  state 
of  his  diocese,  remitted  to  Archbishop  Laud.     [2|  pp.} 

100.  Proposal  for  augmenting  the  income  of  the  Vicar  of  Berwick- 
upon-Tweed.  The  facts  relating  to  this  vicarage,  already  stated  in 
our  Calendar  notice  of  Vol.  ccclxxv..  No.  67,  are  here  recapitulated, 
and  the  proposal  made  in  that  paper  is  renewed,  namely,  that  the 


218  DOMESTIC — CHAELES  I. 


[1G88?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 

Dean  and  Chapter  of  Durham  should  grant  the  vicar  a  lease  of  cer- 
tain tithes  now  held  under  them  by  William  Risdon  and  John  Sal- 
tonstall,  and  that  the  King  should  call  for  a  surrender  of  a  lease 
of  certain  premises  in  the  palace  at  Berwick,  demised  by  the 
late  King  to  the  corporation  of  that  town,  who  had  permitted 
them  to  fall  into  ruin.  It  was  calculated  that  the  profits  to  be  de- 
rived from  the  lease  of  the  tithes  would  constitute  a  proper  endow- 
ment for  the  vicarage,  exclusive  of  the  payment  of  40i.  per  annum,, 
now  made  to  the  vicar  by  the  King,  and  that  from  the  premises  to 
be  surrendered  by  the  corporation  400Z.  could  be  raised  to  settle 
with  Risdon  and  Saltonstall.     [2^  pp?^ 

101.  Another  statement  to  the  same  effect  as  the  preceding,  but 
not  quite  so  full  on  certain  points.     [1^  p.] 

102.  Instructions  [for  articles  in  the  High  Commission]  against  Sir 
Richard  Samuel,  of  Gayton,  co.  Northampton,  for  a  varietj'  of  acts 
of  oppression,  principally  against  clergymen,  some  of  which  have  been 
already  mentioned  m  the  calendar  of  a  paper  dated  26th  January 
1637-8.  This  paper  sets  out  the  particulars  of  seven  specific  cases  of 
alleged  misconduct.     [1  p.] 

10-3.  Answers  of  Lambert  Osbolston,  clerk,  of  tl)e  city  of  West- 
minster, to  articles  objected  against  him  by  the  Commissioners  for 
Causes  EcclesiasticaJ.  Admits  the  authority  of  the  High  Commission, 
and  his  knowledge  of  the  decree  of  the  Star  Chamber  respecting  the 
licensing  of  printed  books.  Denies  all  knowledge  of  the  authorship 
of  the  book  entitled  "  The  Holy  Table,  name  and  thing,  &c.,"  or  that 
it  was  not,  as  stated  in  the  title  page,  written  in  Queen  Mary's  days. 
Believes  that  Dr.  Heylin  wrote  the  book  called  "  A  Coal  from  the 
Altar,"  but  did  not  know  it  until  he  put  out  his  other  book  in  reply 
to  the  Holy  Table,  in  which  he  acknowledged  the  same.  Professes 
himself  innocent  of  any  intention  to  give  offence  to  the  King,  from 
whom,  and  his  father,  examinant  has  been  maintained  and  bi'ought 
up  ever  since  he  was  nine  years  of  age,  from  whom  he  has  ever  since, 
in  a  more  special  measure  than  many  better  deserving  men,  enjoyed 
so  many  blessings  and  comforts  through  his  whole  life  to  this  day, 
that  he  should  hold  himself  unworthy  of  life  or  being  if  he  should 
once  wittingly  or  willingly  harbour  the  least  thought,  or  incline  to 
give  his  Majesty  any  suspicion,  much  less  any  just  occasion  to  incur 
the  least  displeasure  against  him.  He  was  ignorant  of  a  certain 
passage  in  the  book  articulate,  now  shown  to  him,  but,  as  he  sees  it 
in  the  same  book,  and  whether  it  concerns  or  is  meant  thereby  that 
there  is  a  deviation  in  the  holy  sacraments  or  ceremonies  of  the 
Church  of  England,  or  not,  he  knows  not.  Professes  his  hearty 
desire  that  he  may  live  no  longer  than  he  shall  be  ready  to  be  found 
an  obedient  son  of  the  Church  of  England,  and  to  give  all  due  reve- 
rence a.nd  respect  to  the  prelacy  of  the  same.  Believes  that  the 
book,  "  Holy  Table,  name  and  thing,  &c."  was  printed  in  the  city  of 
London ;  denies  that  he  knows  who  was  corrector  of  the  press. 
Shortly  after  it  was  printed,  a  bundle  of  those  books,  to  the  number 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  219 


[1638?]  VOL.CCCCVI. 

of  six,  was  left  at  examinant's  house  ia  Westminster,  by  one  whose 
name  he  knows  not,  directed  to  the  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  which  exami- 
nant  sent  to  Buckden,  or  delivered  them  to  his  Lordship  at  his  first 
coming  to  town,  but  which  of  them  he  remembers  not.  On  May  27th, 
1637,  he  wrote  the  letter  to  the  Bishop  of  Lincoln  now  produced, 
wherein  are  these  words : — "  These  designs  are  to  frighten  you  from 
answering  the  railing  little  pamphlet,  which  I  would  do  or  die,  if  I 
had  half  the  ability  of  your  Lordship."  This  noway  refers  to  the 
"  Holy  Table,  name  and  thing,  &c."     [24  pp.] 

104.  Rejoinder  of  Bishop  Williams,  of  Lincoln,  to  the  replication 
of  the  Attorney-General  in  one  of  the  numerous  suits  in  the  Star 
Chamber  against  him.  He  will  maintain  his  answer,  and  that 
nothing  thereof  ought  to  be  expunged  that  is  necessary  for  his 
defence,  and  if  anything  so  necessary  be  expunged,  defendant,  and  all 
other  the  King's  subjects,  being  remediless  in  law,  appeals  to  the 
High  Court  of  Parliament  when  it  shall  next  assemble,  protesting  in 
the  meantime  against  any  sentence  that  shall  pass  against  him  as 
null  and  void.  Richard  Kilvert  has  made  himself  prosecutor  in  this 
and  many  other  suits  against  defendant,  and  having  procured  the 
most  necessary  matter  for  defendant's  defence  to  be  expunged  out  of 
his  answer,  and  having  published  to  Dr.  Hamlet  Marshall  and  others 
that  the  end  of  this  prosecution  is  to  degrade  defendant,  and  deprive 
him  of  his  bishopric  and  deanery  (being  his  freeholds),  and  of  his 
honour  of  peership  and  place  in  parliament  (being  likewise  his  free- 
hold), defendant  not  conceiving  Kilvert's  averment  to  be  true,  nor 
that  defendant  deserves  any  sentence  at  all,  nor  that  this  court  ever 
degraded  or  ever  will  degrade  any  bishop  or  other  lord  or  peer  of 
parliament,  yet,  because  the  replicant,  by  procurement  of  Kilvert  at 
a  hearing  in  this  cause  in  July  13th,  Car.  Reg.,  pressed  in  open  court 
the  degradation  of  defendant,  by  misurging  a  precedent  of  26th  April, 
Anno  34  Regni  Eliz.,  and  the  same  was  approved  by  some  of  the 
Lords,  and  for  other  reasons  here  stated,  arising  in  the  prosecution 
of  this  cause,  defendant  is  and  will  be  ready  to  prove  all  these 
matters,  and  that  in  the  kingdom  of  England  all  the  ecclesiastical 
lords  are  peers  and  barons  of  parliament,  and  cannot  be  deprived  or 
degraded  by  this  court,  and  therefore  against  any  such  demand  or 
sentence  defendant  appeals  to  parliament.  [Copy  in  the  handwriting 
of  Robert  Read,  Sec.  Windebank's  secretary.     2^  pp^ 

10-5.  General  statement  of  charges  of  misconduct  brought  against 
Bishop  Williams,  of  Lincoln,  in  reference  to  each  of  the  four  places 
which  he  holds  in  the  Church  of  England,  viz.,  as  rector  of  Walgrave, 
CO.  Northampton,  residentiary  of  the  church  of  Lincoln,  Dean  of 
Westminster,  and  Bishop  of  Lincoln.  He  has  never  been  at  Wal- 
grave since  he  was  made  bishop,  whereat  the  whole  county  murmurs. 
As  residentiary  of  Lincoln,  he  is  charged  with  omitting  to  remedy 
certain  great  grievances  affecting  Bigglesworth  [Biggleswade],  co. 
Bedford,  which  is  a  prebend  belonging  to  the  church  of  Lincoln  worth 
400^.  per  annum,  but  the  chancel  is  left  altogether  ruinous ;  although 


220  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


presented  by  the  inhabitants  at  least  20  times,  and.  viewed  by 
the  bishop  himself,  there  is  no  reformation.  Mr.  Lambert  Osbolston 
is  the  prebendary  of  this  place;  Sir  William  Fish  the  tenant.  As 
Dean  of  Westminster,  it  is  asserted  that  the  bishop  holds  the  deanery 
by  breach  of  a  statute  of  that  place,  made  since  the  Reformation. 
As  Bishop  of  Lincoln,  it  is  alleged  that  at  a  visitation,  when  he  was 
Lord  Keeper,  he  sent  down  a  commission  to  take  up  all  the  fees  due 
to  his  officers  at  that  visitation,  whereby  32  oflBcers  were  deprived 
of  their  fees.  It  is  also  stated  that  the  clergy  of  his  diocese  are 
much  offended  because  he  takes  a  bond  of  all  ministers  at  the  time 
of  their  institution  to  resign  in  case  the  bishop's  right  of  patronage 
be  disputed.     [Sh  pp.] 

106.  Certificate  [of  nine  proctors  practising  in  the  Court  of  High 
Commission  ?]  that  they  never  knew  any  table  of  fees  hung  up  in  the 
registrar's  office  of  that  court,  and  therefore  cannot  say  what  fees 
were  due  in  the  30th  Elizabeth.     l_Copy.     f  p.] 

107.  Charge  given  to  the  jury  empannelled  to  inquire  of  fees 
which  for  the  space  of  30  years  had  been  used  to  be  taken  by  the 
officers  of  every  particular  court.     [^  p.] 

108.  Articles  of  enquiry  for  the  diocese  of  Norwich  in  the  first  visi- 
tation of  Bishop  Montague  in  1638.  At  the  foot  of  the  title  page  is 
printed  the  following  note  :  "  This  book  of  articles,  being  extremely 
negligently  printed  at  London  (which  impression  I  disavow),  I  was 
forced  to  review  ,and  have  it  printed  again  at  Cambridge.  R.  Norv." 
[Po'inted  Mo.     18  pp.l 

109.  Similar  articles  of  enquiry,  being  the  edition  of  the  preceding 
printed  at  London  by  E.P.  for  Henry  Seile.     [Printed  4to.     27  pp^ 

110.  Extract  from  the  High  Commission  issued  for  the  province  of 
York,  being  the  clause  upon  which  they  grounded  their  proceeding 
"  with  the  Chester  men ;"  that  is,  the  persons  who  were  punished 
for  showing  kindness  to  William  Prynne  when  on  his  way  to  Car- 
narvon, the  first  place  of  his  banishment.     [1^  p.] 

111.  Report  of  the  referee  of  the  Lords  of  the  Council,  directed  to 
enquire  concerning  debts  due  by  Dr.  John  Scott,  Dean  of  York. 
One  of  the  debts  in  question  was  200Z.  due  by  bond  to  Archibald 
Armstrong.  The  referee  reports  that  Armstrong  received  from  the 
Dean  four  acquittances  of  5QI.  each,  for  rent  of  the  tithes  of  Pickering 
payable  by  the  Earl  of  Danby,  and  that  under  an  order  of  the  Lords 
of  15th  May  1637  Armstrong  i-eceived  one  payment  of  50?.,  but  on 
the  7th  June  1637  that  order  was  revoked,  as  obtained  by"sur- 
reption,"  and  as  being  contrary  to  an  order  of  the  14th  February  before, 
"  which  is  the  true  state  of  that  business."  The  other  debt  was  612Z. 
due  to  Aquila  Weeks,  keepei"  of  the  Gatehouse.  The  dean,  having 
been  taken  in  execution  for  600?.  due  to  Richard  Coish  and  Obadiah 
Coish,  was  committed  to  the  Gatehouse,  and  stUl  remains  there  a 
prisoner,  although  the  plaintiffs  Coish  had  obtained  a  judgment 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  221 


[1638?]  Vol.  CCCCVI. 

against  Weekes  for  612L  upon  an  escape,  for  permitting  the  dean 
to  go  abroad.  "Weekes  petitioned  for  a  sequestration  of  the  estate 
of  the  dean,  upon  the  supposition  that  a  former  sequestration  was 
satisfied,  but  the  referee  reported  that  he  found  the  same  to  be  far 
otherwise.     [Copy.     I  p-\ 

112.  Clauses  extracted  from  the  Royal  Charter  to  the  University 
of  Oxford,  by  which  they  were  exempted  from  the  duty  of  furnisliing 
carriages  or  provisions  to  the  royal  household.     [Latin.     1  p.] 

113.  Instructions  of  Archbishop  Laud  for  the  I  ))reparation  of 
articles  to  be  inquired  of  at  the  visitation  of  Merton  College,  Oxford. 

]  1 4.  Articles  to  be  inquired  of  at  tlie  visitation  of  Merton  College, 
apparently  a  draft  endeavoured  to  be  framed  by  altei-ations  of  the 
articles  used  at  a  previous  visitation  held  on  the  2(3th  May  1562. 

mpp-] 

115.  Petition  of  John  Norton,  stationer,  to  Arclibishop  Laud. 
Mr.  Haviland,  a  licensed  printer,  by  the  Star  Chamber  decree,  is  lately 
dead.  Petitioner  prays  the  archbishop  to  confer  the  vacant  place 
upon  him.     [^  p.] 

116.  Petition  of  Mary  Oakes  alias  Kempe  to  the  same.  Pe- 
titioner's father,  Nicholas  Oakes,  of  London,  printer,  being,  by  reason 
of  great  age,  unable  to  follow  his  vocation,  petitioned  the  Arch- 
bishop for  turning  over  liis  press  to  John  Oakes,  his  son,  aged  30, 
who  agreed  to  pay  his  father  251.  per  annum,  and  to  give  petitioner 
501.  By  reason  he  is  not  set  down  in  the  decree,  petitioner's  brother 
fears  to  be  hindered  in  the  exercise  of  the  said  art,  and  refuses  to 
perform  his  agreement.  Prays  that  he  may  subsist,  as  he  now  does, 
by  favour,  and  have  the  reversion  of  the  next  printer's  place  whicii 
shall  fall  void,  in  order  that  petitioner  may  receive  the  501.  promised. 
\_8ee  Vols,  ccclxii.,  No.  65,  and  ccclxiv.,  No.  111.     |  p.^ 

117.  Petition  of  William  Stevenson  to  the  King.  Petitioner  being 
a  recusant,  and  having  compounded  for  his  recusancy,  was  lately 
called  before  the  High  Commission  at  York,  and  there  questioned 
concerning  a  certain  library  of  books  intercepted  upon  the  River 
Ouse  by  ofBcers  of  the  Archbishop  of  York,  and  albeit  the  library 
consisted  of  books  ordinarily  sold  at  Paul's  Churchyard,  and  nothing 
proved  against  petitioner,  he  was  tendered  the  oath,  which  he  did 
not  refuse,  but  only  prayed  time  to  consider,  whereupon  he  was 
committed  prisoner  to  the  Castle  of  York.  Prays  that  he  may  be 
enlarged,  giving   caution   for   his   appearance   before   the  Council. 

118.  List  of  books,  principally  theological,  brought  out  of  the  Low 
Countries.  It  has  been  suggested  that  these  are  the  books  men- 
tioned in  the  preceding  article  ;  but  these  are  chiefly  Protestant 
works,  and  it  does  not  appear  that  the  books  in  Stevenson's  case 
came  from  the  Low  Countries.     [2^  pp.^ 


222  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


[1638?]  VO..CCCCYL 

119.  Petition  of  Thomas  Tanckard,  William  Stevenson,  and  Thomas 
Harrison,  to  the  King.  The  Archbishop  of  York's  pursuivant  has 
seized  certain  books  pretended  to  belong  to  a  seminary  priest ;  and  it 
is  also  pretended  that  Tanckard  had  the  books  in  his  house,  that 
Stevenson  ordered  them  to  be  sent  down  the  Ouse  to  York,  and  that 
Harrison  was  to  convey  them  into  Lincolnshire.  Petitioners  were 
wholly  ignorant  what  was  contained  in  the  trunks,  except  that  they 
were  such  works  as  are  ordinarily  sold  in  St.  Paul's  Churchyard, 
and  having  compounded  with  the  commissioners  for  their  recusancy, 
they  pray  to  be  freed  from  further  trouble,  and  that  Sec.  Windebank 
may  take  the  books  into  his  custody,  till  you  declare  your  royal 
pleasure.     [1  p.] 

120.  Petition  of  Sir  Francis  Mannock  and  Mary  his  wife  to  the 
same.  Have  ever  been  loyal  and  dutiful  subjects,  and  will  always  so 
continue.  Have  but  a  small  estate,  which  is  charged  with  four 
annuities.  Pray  grace  and  favour  that  they  may  not  be  molested 
under  the  laws  of  recusancy.     [-5-  p.] 

London  House.  121.  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  to  [the  Justices  of  Peace  of  Cornwall]. 
There  are  many  popisli  recusants  in  that  county  who  have  not  been 
duly  indicted  and  convicted.  You  are  to  send  your  precepts  to  the 
high  constables,  requiring  them  to  give  directions  to  the  church- 
wardens and  petty  constables  to  certify  the  names  and  places  of 
abode  of  recusants  to  the  high  constables,  and  that  they  present  the 
same  at  the  next  assizes  or  sessions,  whereupon  the  clerks  of  the 
assizes  and  of  the  peace  may  proceed  to  their  conviction,  and  make 
I'eturns  thereof  to  the  clerk  of  the  escheats ;  lastly,  the  said  clerks 
at  the  time  of  these  presentments  are  to  suffer  the  bearer  whom  we 
have  appointed  to  attend  this  service,  to  take  a  list  of  tlie  recusants 
names.  [Fo7^m  not  filled  up  nor  signed  by  any  one  save  Bishop 
Juxon.     f  p.] 

122.  Note  of  the  names  of  recusants  against  whom  process  has  been 
stayed  by  letters  under  the  privy  signet.  They  were  William 
Arundel,  second  son  of  Lord  Arundel  of  Wardour,  and  Lady  Mary 
St.  John  his  wife,  Capt.  John  Eead,  Sir  Francis  Mannock  and  Mary 
his  wife.  Sir  Henry  Browne  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  William  Bradshaw 
and  Margaret  his  wife,  Robert  Hewitt  and  Mary  his  wife,  Sir  Henry 
Awdeley  and  Anne  his  wife,  and  Thomas  Lord  Arundel  of  Wardour 
and  Anne  his  wife.     [JEndo7'sed,  Mr.  Offley's  information.     [1  p.] 

]  23.  The  King  to  the  Judges  of  Assize,  Justices  of  Peace,  and 
Clerks  of  Assize  and  Peace  for  cos.  Oxford  and  Wilts.  Lady 
Elizabeth  Stonor  of  Blount's  Court,  widow,  stands  indicted  for  re- 
cusancy in  CO,  Oxford.  Being  a  weak  and  sickly  woman,  our  plea- 
sure is  that  you  forbear  to  proceed  against  her,  her  lands  and  goods, 
until  our  pleasure  be  therein  signified.  {Minute.  Underwritten, 
"  Thomas  Croftes"  and  endorsed  "  Mr.  Cradock."    f  p.'\ 

124.  Petition  of  John  Jennison,  of  Walworth,  co.  Durham,  a  re- 
cusant convict,  to  the  King.    Your  Majesty  was  moved,  upon  view 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  223 


[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 

of  a  petition  and  certificate  stated  to  be  annexed,  to  grant  a  reference 
to  the  commissioners  in  the  north,  but  petitioner  has  not  been  able 
to  obtain  any  relief.  His  composition  of  SOI.  per  annum,  being  near 
upon  three  parts  of  his  estate,  with  the  arrears,  are  returned  into 
the  Exchequer.  Prays  that  his  composition  may  be  rated  according 
to  the  usual  rate  of  a  third  part  of  the  yearly  value  of  his  estate, 
the  arrears  be  mitigated,  and  an  "  estallment "  thereof  made,  at  the 
discretion  of  the  commissioners.  [The  petition  and  certificate  stated 
to  have  been  annexed  are  j)robably  those  calendared  under  date  of 
17th  May  1638,  Vol.  cccxc.,  No.  97.     |  p.] 

125.  Edward  Earl  of  Dorset  to  Attorney-General  Bankes.  You 
are  to  add  this  to  Mr.  Gilford's  grant,  that  no  house  be  under  twenty 
foot  in  breadth.     [J  p^ 

126.  [Sec.  Windebank  to  Lord  Treasurer  Juxon  and  Lord  Cot- 
tington,  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer.]  Eecites  petition  of  Peter 
Gifibrd,  described  as  of  co.  Stafford,  calendared  above.  The  persons 
addressed,  with  the  Barons  and  others  of  the  Exchequer,  are  next 
term  to  consider  the  informations  therein  mentioned,  and  the  statutes 
whereon  they  are  grounded,  and  to  certify  his  Majesty  whether  by  the 
letter  or  equity  of  the  said  statutes  Gifford  be  liable  to  the  penalties 
for  keeping  or  relieviug  priests  or  hearing  mass,  whereupon  his 
Majesty  will  direct  his  pleasure  therein,  and  in  the  meantime,  by 
such  course  as  their  experience  may  direct,  they  are  to  stay  the  pro- 
ceeding upon  such  records  as  concern  the  petitioner  in  the  points 
above  enumerated.  Nevertheless,  touching  the  charge  against  pe- 
titioner, of  conveying  his  lands  to  the  maintenance  of  priests,  they 
are  to  try  the  same  according  to  the  ordinary  course  of  like  trials, 
and  to  give  his  Majesty  a  particular  account  thereof  upon  their 
return  from  your  circuit.  \Draft  of  probably  a  suggested  letter. 
21  p>p.'\ 

127.  Petition  of  Richard  Forster  to  the  King.  Gives  thanks  for 
the  mercy  your  Majesty  has  had  on  him  in  pardoning  him  his  re- 
cusancy, with  all  convictions  and  penalties,  whereby  you  have  raised 
him,  as  it  were,  from  death.  Continuing  a  Roman  Catholic,  by  the 
course  of  the  law  he  is  likely  to  be  shortly  again  indicted  and  con- 
victed of  recusancy,  and  otherwise  molested  for  his  religion,  where- 
by he  will  be  disabled  to  do  your  Majesty  those  services  his  heart 
dictates  to  him  he  may  and  ought  to  do.  Prays  his  Majesty  to  sign 
the  paper  annexed  to  this  petition.     [^  p.]     Annexed, 

127.  I.  The  King  to  allJudges  and  other  officers.  Being  satisfied 
of  the  loyalty  of  Richard  Forster,  his  Majesty  charges  the 
jjersons  addressed  and  all  others  not  to  cause  or  suffer 
him  to  be  prosecuted  under  any  laws  made  against  popish 
recusants.     [For'm,  the  date  not  being  filled  up.     f  ^.] 

J  28.  Petition  of  John  Williams,  Rowland  Baugh,  William 
Dowthwaite,    and  others,   his  Majesty's    patentees,  to  the  King, 


224  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVI. 


Your  Majesty  was  pleased  to  give  order  for  proceeding  in  a  cause 
in  the  Exchequer  Chamber  between  Eichard  Michell,  plaintiff,  and 
petitioners,  defendants.  Pray  that  before  this  cause  be  heard,  which 
is,  upon  pretence  of  equity,  against  your  Majesty's  title,  it  may  be 
referred  to  the  judges  and  some  of  your  counsel-at-law  whether  any 
equity  is  to  be  admitted  against  this  forfeiture  to  your  Majesty, 
tliat  so  you  may  be  sure  to  receive  no  prejudice  either  in  regard  of 
a  future  precedent  or  diminution  of  revenue,  a  tenth  of  the  profits 
being  reserved  to  your  Majesty,  and  that  in  the  meantime  the  hearing 
may  be  respited.  [Endorsed  by  Sec.  Windebanh  as" Mr.  Popham's 
busioiess."     ^  p.] 

129.  Petition  of  Alexander  Ward,  prisoner  in  Newgate,  to  the 
King.  Petitioner  was  accused  of  feloniously  taking  away  10s.  from 
a  boy,  although  authorized  to  do  so  by  the  owner  ;  neither  owner  nor 
boy  were  produced  against  him,  yet  he  was  convicted  and  sentenced  to 
be  executed  on  Wednesday  next.  Has  from  his  youth,  for  12  years, 
followed  your  Majesty's  wars,  and  never  neglected  any  employment 
in  which  he  might  do  your  Majesty  and  his  country  service.  Prays 
for  a  reprieve.     \_^  p.'\ 

130.  Brief  in  a  cause  of  Eichard  Grant  upon  the  demise  of  Edward 
Luttrell  versus  John  Ley,  touching  the  descent  of  certain  lands 
called  Northcott,  settled  upon  the  marriage  of  Eichard  Ley  (father 
of  Philip  Ley,  of  whom  Luttrell  was  the  executor,)  with  Margaret 
Jewell,  daughter  of  John  Jewell.  It  is  desired  by  Luttrell  that,  the 
question  being  merely  one  of  law,  there  may  be  a  special  verdict. 

131.  Certified  copy  of  the  will  of  William  Tempest  the  elder, 
made  the  9th  August  1 627,  but  apparently  in  question  in  Trinity 
Term  1638.  He  mentions  his  wife,  his  sons  Eobert,  Thomas  the 
lawyer,  Andrew  and  William,  his  daughter  Elizabeth,  and  his 
cousins  Eobert  Tempest  and  George  Vaughan,  and  he  bequeaths  his 
farms  at  Norton,  Kidlington,  and  Somerton.     [1  p.] 

132.  Petition  of  John  Ashburnham  to  Francis  Lord  Cottington, 
Master  of  the  Court  of  Wards.  Petitioner,  having  taken  a  lease  of 
lands  belonging  to  Cecilia  Lady  de  la  Warr,  has  manured  the  same  for 
the  best  advantage,  and  in  particular  has  been  at  great  charge  in  the 
burning  of  15  acres  of  down  and  heath,  which  he  believes  he  may 
lawfully  do  by  virtue  of  his  lease.  Yet  in  regard  of  an  injunction 
issued  out  of  the  Court  of  Wards  about  July  1 637,  to  prohibit  occu- 
piers of  Lord  de  la  Warr's  lands  to  plough  ground  not  formerly 
ploughed,  petitioner  did  not  venture  to  plough  the  said  15  acres  last 
year  without  licence,  which  was  granted  for  that  year  only.  Prays 
extension  of  the  licence  to  plough  and  sow  the  15  acres  for  three 
years  more,  petitioner  being  answei'able  for  any  damage.     [  1  jo.] 

133.  Brief  in  a  suit,  perhaps  in  the  Star  Chamber,  in  which 
Katherine  Kinder  complained  against  William  England  and  others 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I,  225 


[1638?]  V0L.CCCCVI. 

for  turning  her  out  of  a  house  in  Swainton,  co.  Nottingham,  which 
Robert  Earl  of  Kingston  had  agreed  that  she  should  have  for  her 
life.  Katherine  Kinder's  brother  Philip  having  displeased  the  Earl, 
he  let  the  house  to  William  England,  who  compelled  Katherine  to 
remove  by  pulling  down  the  walls  of  the  house.     [3|  ^p.] 

134.  Petition  of  Elizabeth  Chapman  to  Sir  John  Lambe.  Being 
a  hired  servant  to  Samuel  Fisher  of  Ingoldsby,  co.  Lincoln,  with  fair 
promises  of  marriage,  he  overcame  petitioner,  but  being  with  child 
he  turned  her  out  of  doors.  Being  very  poor,  she  prays  to  be  ad- 
mitted in  forma  pauperis  to  sue  for  the  wrong  done  to  her.     [^  p.] 

135.  Petition  of  Andrew  Burton,  Richard  Hulett,  Felix  Wilson, 
and  John  Burton,  executors  of  Henry  Fryer,  to  the  King.  John 
Fryer,  heir-at-law  to  Thomas  Fryer,  his  father,  and  to  Henry 
Fryer,  his  brother,  sued  petitioners  in  the  Court  of  Wards,  they 
being  trustees  for  charitable  uses,  whereupon  they  petitioned  the 
King  to  dispose  of  the  lands  to  such  uses  of  charity  as  to  him  should 
seem  good.  The  King  accepted  thereof,  and  stayed  the  proceedings 
in  the  Court  of  "Wards.  Thereupon  Thomas  Fryer,  Dr.  in  Physic, 
younger  brother  to  Henry  Fryer,  exhibited  a  bill  in  Chancery  against 
petitioners,  and  that  being  dismissed  twelve  other  suits  have  been 
prosecuted  against  them.  Having  by  their  care  advanced  the  per- 
sonal estate  of  the  testator  500?.,  and  having  no  other  recompense 
but  a  legacy  of  40?.  each,  they  pray  for  some  further  allowance  out 
of  the  estate  for  their  pains.     [1  p.'\ 

136.  Petition  of  Sir  Edward  Powell,  Mary  his  wife,  and  Sir  Peter 
Vanlore,  to  Archbishop  Laud,  Lord  Keeper  Coventry,  Bishop  Juxon, 
Lord  Treasurer,  and  the  Earl  of  Manchester,  Lord  Privy  Seal.  His 
Majesty  has  upon  several  petitions  referred  to  you  several  suits  in 
the  said  petitions  mentioned.  There  are  other  differences  between 
them  not  comprised  in  the  said  petitions.  They  pray  you  to  under- 
take the  determination  thereof,     [f  p.] 

137.  Brief  of  proofs  of  Eleanor  Ell  worthy  alias  Weild,  in  a  cause 
in  the  Court  of  Delegates,  for  the  establishment  of  the  nuncupative 
will  of  Grace  Wood,  late  of  Crediton,  deceased.     [=17  pp.] 

138.  Briei  ex  parte Rawson  against  John  Browne,  being  a 

suit  in  the  Court  of  Arches  by  the  rector  of  Witherston,  for  the  tithes 
of  Broadmead  and  Broadmead  lines.  Witherston  was  a  reputed 
rectory  in  the  diocese  of  Salisbury,  and  heretofore  there  was  a  chapel 
in  that  place.  The  incumbent  was  inducted  upon  a  garden  plot  of 
ground  where  heretofore  the  chapel  stood.     [  =  9^^.] 


13. 


226  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


VOL.  COCGVII.    Undated,  1638. 


[1638?]  1.  Brief  in  a  cause  before  the  Court  of  Delegates  respecting  the 
administration  of  the  estate  of  Edward  Ramsey.  Eobert  Eamsej'-, 
j-ounger  brother  of  the  deceased,  obtained  letters  of  administration. 
Roger  Ramsey,  the  elder  brother,  sued  for  an  account,  but  could  not 
obtain  sentence,  the  administrator  having  a  great  interest  in  the 
Judge.     The  present  appeal  is  as  for  a  denial  of  justice.     [1 J  i^-] 

2.  Opinion  of  Sir  Robert  Heath  that  in  a  quare  impedit  if  the 
court  writes  to  a  bishop  to  certify  whether  the  church  be  full  of  a 
clerk,  the  bishop  is  not  judge  of  the  right,  but  is  to  return  the  fact. 
[Endorsed,  "  For  Mr.  Lloyd."    ^  p."] 

3.  Brief  in  a  suit  in  Chancery  of  Lady  Elizabeth  Hatton  against 
Sir  Robert  Coke  and  others,  defendants.  The  plaintiff  sought  com- 
pensation for  the  breach  by  Sir  Edward  Coke  of  his  agreement  made 
before  his  marriage  with  her,  whereby  she  shall  be  damnified  SOflOOl. 
It  relates  to  the  manor  of  Fakenham,  Norfolk,  and  those  of  Wittlesey, 
Croft,  and  Corfe  Castle,  with  Hatton  House.     [  =  2  pp.^ 

4.  Brief  in  the  Arches  Court  in  the  case  of  the  administration  of 
the  estate  of  John  Belke.  The  suit  was  between  William  Belke, 
nephew  of  the  intestate,  against  Valentine'Belke,  administrator,  and 
Thomas  Belke,  Michael  Belke,  Gabriel  Belke,  Anna  Belke  alias 
Nicholson,  Anna  Giles  alias  Hunt,  and  Frances  Giles  alias  Para- 
more,  aephews  and  nieces  intervening.  [See  Vols,  ccclxxxvii.,  No. 
64,  and  cccxciii.,  No.  22.     2  j^p.j 

5.  Another  brief  in  the  same  matter.     [2  pp."] 

6.  Brief  in  a  cause  in  the  Court  of  Arches  on  behalf  of  Edward 
Bedwell,  of  Ipswich,  against  Edmund  Baldero  and  Dr.  Peirce. 
Bedwell,  at  Easter,  at  the  time  of  ministration  of  the  communion  in 
the  church  of  St.  Lawrence,  came  into  the  chancel,  and  presented 
himself  in  a  seat  near  the  communion  table,  kneeling  in  a  reverent 
manner  in  the  sight  of  Mr.  Baldero,  the  clergyman.  He  passed  him 
over,  because  he  did  not  come  to  the  rail,  and  he  was  thereupon 
presented  for  not  receiving  the  sacrament.     [3^  pp^ 

7.  Petition  of  Mary  Lady  Howard,  alias  Grenville,  to  the  King. 
Was  forced,  for  safeguard  of  her  life  and  preservation  of  her  estate, 
from  Sir  Richard  Grenville  to  fly  to  the  Courts  of  High  Commission 
and  Arches,  where,  after  long  and  tedious  suits,  she  obtained  a 
separation  and  a  legal  divorce,  and  had  enjoyed  her  estate  in  peace 
for  seven  years.  On  28th  October  last  Sir  Richard  exhibited  a 
petition  to  his  Majesty,  endeavouring  to  disquiet  petitioner  in  her 
fortune  so  settled,  he  never  being  of  any  estate  at  all,  but  having 
prejudiced  her  estate  at  least  10,000^.  Prays  that  she  may  not  be 
disturbed  in  her  life  or  fortune  so  legally  settled,     [f  p.] 

8.  Depositions  of  witnesses  in  a  cause  of  Joice  Battell,  of  the 
parish  of  Tewin,  co.  Herts,   spinster,   against  Ann  Sharmebrooke 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  227 


|-1638  2]  Vol.  CCCCVII. 

wife  of  John  Sharmebrooke,  for  defamation,  in  saying  that  Joice  was 
with  child  by  Samuel  Field.     [6i  pp.'] 

9.  Legal  case  for  the  opinion  of  [Mr.  Shuter]  as  to  whether  the 
existence  of  a  suit  for  the  establishment  of  a  pre-contract  at  the 
time  of  entering  into  the  ordinary  bond  given  on  obtaining  a  mar- 
riage licence  was  a  breach  of  the  condition  of  that  bond,  although 
the  decision  in  the  suit  was  against  the  pre-contract.  [^  p.] 
Annexed, 

9.  I.  Opinion  \of  Mr.  8huter'\  that  the  existence  of  svxh  a  suit  was 
a  forfeiture  of  the  bond,     [f  p.] 

9.  II.  Copy  of  the  bond  above  referred  to,  given  by  John  Geers  of 

St.  Bride's,  merchant  tailor,  and  Daniel  Dale  of  St. 
Andrew's,  Holborn,  gentleman,  to  the  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury,  in  2001.    Bated  15th  June  1638.     [|  p.] 

10.  Thomas  Babthorpe,  to  some  one  addressed  as  Eight  Honour- 
able. Presents  the  order  of  the  court  with  his  suit  that  you 
would  speak  to  the  Lord  Privy  Seal  that  he  may  appear  in  court 
to  demand  his  right.     [|  p.]     Annexed, 

10.  I.  Order  of  the  Court  [of  Requests']  in  a  cause  of  Thomas 

Babthorpe  and  William  Brand  agahist  Sir  Guy  Palmes, 
Francis  Lister,  John  Hall,  Thomas  Charlton,  and  'Walter 
Cobcroft,  The  court  refused  to  relieve  Brand  for  an 
annuity,  upon  an  assignment  made  by  Babthorpe  from 
parts  beyond  seas,  leaving  Babthorpe  at  his  return  to  seek 
relief  for  the  same.     [1^  p.] 

11.  Order  of  Council  upon  a  petition  of  Marmaduke  More.  He 
confessed  some  errors,  and  prayed  the  Lords  to  accept  his  submission. 
The  Lords,  for  the  Earl  of  Suffolk,  his  lord  and  master's  sake,  passed 
by  the  same,  but  ordered  More  to  pay  to  Badcock  such  costs  as 
should  be  allowed  by  Sir  Dudley  Carleton  for  the  trouble  he  has 
been  put  to  by  More.     [Draft.     |  p.] 

12.  Note  by  William  Herberd,  attorney  for  the  defendant,  of  a 
case  of  John  Winne  against  Thomas  Agas,  in  which  the  plaintiff 
sought  to  recover  20s.  for  teaching  the  defendant's  son  for  one  year. 
The  plaintiff  was  permitted  by  consent  to  give  evidence.  [Copy, 
temp.  Car.  II.,  of  an  earlier  paper.     IJ  p.] 

13.  Part  of  a  brief  in  a  cause  between  Denzil  Holies,  and  his 
mother  Ann,  Countess  Dowager  of  Clare,  respecting  the  validity  of 
the  will  of  the  late  Earl,  who  died  on  the  4th  October  1637,  and 
the  rights  of  the  said  Denzil  thereunder.  The  present  paper  con- 
tains the  history  of  the  marriage  of  Denzil  Holies  with  Dorothy, 
daughter  of  Sir  Francis  Ash|by7  and  particulars  of  the  last  illness 
and  death  of  the  Earl  of  Clargf    [ = 10  pp.] 

14!.  Brief  on  the  part  of  Nurse  and  Whittington  against  Croker, 
a  cause  in  the  Court  of  Delegates,  touching'  the  validity  of  the 

P  2 


228  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I, 

[1638?]  Vox,.  CCCCVII. 

will  of  Philip  Croker,  dated  30  September  1633,  and  proved  in  the 
Prerogative  Court,  8th  January  1634-5.     [16  pp.] 

15.  Brief  on  behalf  of  John  Croker  against  the  proof  of  the 
pretended  will  of  PhiHp  Croker.     [10  pp.] 

16.  Depositions  touching  Elizabeth  Penkevill,  to  be  added  to  the 
brief  in  the  cause  of  Meddock  against  Lurkyn  in  the  Arches  Court. 
These  depositions  relate  to  the  delivery  of  the  said  Elizabeth  of  a 
man  child,  of  whom  she  declared  Joseph  Cockaine  to  be  the  father. 
She  had  been  cook  in  the  family  of  Sir  Nicholas  Halse.     [14  pp.] 

17.  Bi'ief  on  behalf  of  Sidney  Sussex  College,  Cambridge,  in  a 
cause  before  the  Court  of  Delegates  against  a  pretended  codicil  to 
the  will  of  Sir  Francis  Clerke.  Sir  Francis  having  founded  certain 
fellowships  in  Sidney  Sussex  College,  gave  by  his  will  certain  debts 
owing  to  him  from  Sir  Charles  Blount  to  the  said  college  in  augmenta- 
tion of  his  fellowsliips.  The  will  was  dated  the  31st  May  1632,  and 
was  proved  on  7th  November  1632.  Afterwards,  in  Trinity  Terra 
1637,  the  codicil  in  question  was  produced  and  proved  in  common 
form.  By  that  codicil  a  different  disposition  was  made  of  the  debts 
from  Sir  Charles  Blount.     [22  pp.] 

18.  Statement  by  John  Cockshut  of  his  services  in  drawing  the 
pleadings  in  various  suits  for  his  Majesty,  and  soliciting  the  same. 
Among  the  suits  named  is  one  against  Mary  Baker,  for  building  un- 
lawfully at  Piccadilly  ;  one  against  Thomas  Viscount  Savile,  for 
enforcing  Field  to  have  sealed  a  deed  by  setting  a  stiletto  to  his 
breast ;  and  the  cases  against  Henry  Myarne,  Sir  John  Corbet,  the 
case  touching  Londonderry,  the  opposers  of  ship-money,  the  trans- 
porters of  gold,  those  of  Prynne  and  other  libellers,  the  Bishop  of 
Lincoln,  and  many  others.     [1  p.] 

19.  Case  and  opinion  of  Sir  Henry  Calthorpe,  on  the  question  of 
whether  a  son  of  14,  his  grandfather  or  father  living,  not  yet  fallen 
into  wardship,  may  be  disposed  in  marriage  at  the  will  of  his  parents 
without  licence  from  the  King.  The  opinion  was,  with  some  qualifi- 
cation, that  he  might.     [^  p.] 

20.  Petition  of  Anthony  Robert  to  the  King.  To  your  royal 
disposal  belong  the  offices  of  the  14  filazers  of  the  Court  of  Common 
Pleas.  Grants  in  reversion  have  been  made  to  David  Eamsey, 
Edward  Burgh,  Richard  Francklin,  junior,  and  John  Dand,  and  on 
the  death  of  Dand  then  to  Francis  Benson.  Prays  a  similar  grant 
in  reversion  to  Ralph  Gregge.    [|  p.] 

21.  Petition  of  Arthur  Mainwaring  to  the  Council.  About  three 
years  ago  petitioner  lent  to  William  Bradshaw  60Z.,  for  repayment 
whereof  the  said  William  Bradshaw,  Edmond  Bradshaw,  and 
George  Hopkins  became  bound.  Edmond  Bradshaw  and  Hopkins 
will  not  appear  to  any  action,  and  Bradshaw,  being  under  the  com- 
mand of  the  Council,  will  neither  pay  petitioner  nor  give  better 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  229 


[1638?]  VoL.CCCCVIT. 

security.     Petitioner  prays  that  he  may  have  the  liberty  to  take  the 
law  against  William  Bradshaw.     [1  p!] 

22.  Petition  of  Thomas  Sandiford,  a  poor  prisoner  in  the  Fleet,  to 
the  Council.  Being  committed  from  this  Board,  upon  the  false 
accusation  of  Edward  Woodfine,  for  repeating  words  spoken  by 
Lawrence  Lewis,  a  dyer,  petitioner  was  in  Trinity  Term  last  indicted 
upon  the  said  words.  The  indictment  has  been  ever  since  un- 
prosecuted,  and  petitioner  has  lain  a  year  and  a  half  in  prison.  His 
poor  aged  father  and  mother,  with  his  wife  and  children  and  him- 
self, are  like  to  perish.  Lawrence  Lewis,  the  prime  author  of  the 
words,  is  now  in  the  Fleet,  and  may  be  produced.  Prays  to  be 
speedily  tried  or  bailed,     [f  p.1 

23.  Petition  of  Eichard  Johnson,  Clerk  of  the  Commissions  of 
Appeal  in  the  Court  of  Chancery,  and  of  Thomas  Johnson,  to  Lord 
Coventry.  Petitioner,  Richard  Johnson,  with  one  Isaac  Johnson, 
being  heretofore  appointed  by  letters  patent  clerks  of  the  said  com- 
missions, for  the  benefit  of  Isaac  and  his  heirs,  and  Isaac  being  lately 
dead,  and  leaving  the  benefit  of  the  said  ofiice  to  petitioner  Thomas 
Johnson,  his  son  and  heir,  he,  finding  that  the  benefit  of  the  oflBce 
does  not  exceed  30L  per  annum,  and  not  being  bred  a  clerk,  nor 
capable  to  execute  the  same,  petitioners  pray  to  be  allowed  to  dis- 
pose of  the  same  to  John  Strangways.     [f  p.^ 

24.  Petition  of  Anne  Blewett  and  Thomas  Buckner  to  the 
Council.  The  father  of  petitioner  Anne  by  wiU  gave  her  600?.,  and 
appointed  his  son  and  heir  to  pay  the  same.  He  is  since  dead, 
having  appointed  John  Blewett,  his  son  and  heir,  to  pa}'  petitioner's 
legacy,  who  wrongfully  detains  the  same.  Petitioner  being  of  late 
dangerously  sick,  Thomas  Buckner  laid  out  for  her  QOl.,  which  he 
was  promised  to  be  paid  by  John  Blewett  almost  two  years  ago. 
Pray  a  reference  to  Sir  Thomas  Middleton  and  Sir  Maurice  Abbott. 
Alderman  Garraway  and  Alderman  Smith.     [§  p."] 

25.  "A  Memory,"  for  Nicholas,  from  Sir  Jacob  Astley.  To 
present  to  the  Council  that  the  trained  bands  for  Devonshire  have 
muskets  not  all  of  one  bore.  The  deputy-lieutenants  fear  that  their 
endeavour  to  bring  the  country  to  buy  new  muskets  wiU  not  be  suc- 
cessful. Suggestion  that  order  to  this  effect  should  be  given  to  the  Earl 
of  Bedford  and  Lord  Russell.  Sir  Jacob  Astley  also  prays  the  Lords 
to  write  to  the  mayor  of  Plymouth,  or  to  Mr.  Heles,  who  was  mayor 
last,  and  knows  that  by  some  officers  under  Sir  James  Bagg  a 
cistern  of  lead  was  taken  out  of  the  fort  to  reserve  rain  water, 
but  which  the  heirs  of  Sir  James  Bagg  pretend  was  his  own.     [1  p.'] 

26.  Note  of  measures  to  be  taken  for  defence  of  the  realm.  The 
navy  to  be  rigged  and  maintained ;  a  Council  of  War  to  be  esta- 
blished ;  the  companies  of  trained  soldiers  to  be  doubled ;  a  maga- 
zine of  powder,  Rhot,  and  match  to  be  put  in  the  chief  town  of 
every  county  ;  all  muskets  to  be  of  one  bore ;  calves  and  pigs  not 


230  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638?]  ^«^-  ^^^^^^^- 

to  be  killed  ;  papists'  arms  to  be  taken  away ;  every  one  to  take  the 
oath  of  allegiance  ;  the  Narrow  Seas  to  be  guarded ;  castles  to  be  forti- 
fied ;  a  garrison  to  be  put  among  the  islands  of  Scotland  ;  wagons  to 
be  had  in  readiness.     [|  p.] 

27.  List,  certified  by  James  Tucker,  mayor  of  Exeter,  and  six 
others,  of  the  captains  and  other  officers,  with  the  names  of  all  the 
enrolled  soldiers,  of  the  trained  bands  Jof  Exeter  and  the  .county 
of  the  same  city.     They  number  449  officers  and  men.     [,=^  pp-j 

28.  Similar  list,  certified  in  the  same  manner,  of  such  able  men 
within  that  city  and  county  as  are  fit  for  supplies  of  the  trained 
bands  there,  but  do  not  yet  belong  to  the  same.  [919  TMmes. 
=  5  pp.] 

29.  Note  that  Richard  Bristow  and  Henry  Stredwick  usually 
absent  themselves  from  musters  in  the  rape  of  Arundel,     [f  p.] 

30.  Note  by  Nicholas,  that  the  Lord  Admiral  has  by  his  patent 
authority  to  appoint  any  officers  requisite  for  the  government  of  the 
navy  in  England  or  Ireland.  And  that  to  have  a  supplementary 
authority  in  relation  to  the  latter  country  might  raise  an  argument 
as  though  the  navy  there  were  distinct  from  the  navy  in  England. 
But  he  knew  not  whether  the  Lord  Admiral's  power  extended  to 
appoint  commissioners.     [1  p."] 

31.  Note  by  Nicholas  to  move  at  the  Council,  for  an  order 
that  the  Lord  High  Admiral  should  cause  ships  to  be  set  forth  for 
guard  of  the  Irish  coast,  out  of  the  revenue  of  that  kingdom,  with  an 
underwritten  draft  of  the  order  desired.    [Draft.     1  p.] 

32.  Orders  to  be  observed  by  the  officers  and  company  aboard  his 
Majesty's  ship  Constant  Reformation.     [3^  pp.] 

33.  Petition  of  Thomas  Horth  of  Yarmouth,  merchant,  to  the  King. 
By  virtue  of  letters  of  reprisal  granted  to  Nicholas  Polhill  and  George 
Polhill  against  the  Dutch,  they  proceeded  on  a  man-of-war  voyage, 
and  petitioner  disbursed  l,470i.  to  victual  the  Recovery  to  proceed 
on  the  said  voyage,  which  sum  was  to  be  repaid  out  of  the  first 
2,0001,  recovered.  The  Polhills  have  received  4,900Z.  and  yet  refuse 
to^satisty  petitioner,  and  by  virtue  of  a  protection,  of  which  petitioner 
had  no  knowledge  when  he  disbursed  his  money,  they  have  debarred 
him  from  his  remedy  by  law.  Prays  leave  to  take  his  course  by  law 
against  the  persons  or  goods  of  the  Polhills,  or  that  goods  to  the 
amount  of  petitioner's  debt  may  be  sequestered  out  of  the  4,900il.  to 
the  King's  use,  to  remain  in  part  payment  of  the  salt  rent  which 
petitioner  and  his  partners  are  to  pay  to  the  King.     [1  p.] 

34.  Petition  of  Nicholas  Polhill  and  his  partners  to  the  King. 
Your  Majesty  granted  petitioners  letters  of  reprisal,  to  set  forth  two 
ships  and  one  pinnace,  for  reparation  of  their  losses  suffered  by  the 
piratical  acts  of  certain  Dutchmen  of  Rotterdam.  Petitioners  have 
set  to  sea  one  ship  and  one  pinnace,  and  have  prepared  another 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  231 


[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVn. 

ship  now  ready  to  put  to  sea,  but  which  is  stayed  by  your  Majesty's 
pleasure,  signified  by  Sec.  Coke  to  the  Judge  of  the  Admiralty. 
Pray  your  Majesty  to  consider  the  great  distress  your  subjects  are 
brought  to  by  the  piracy  of  the  Dutch,  which  is  much  increased  by 
seven  years'  prosecution,  and  that  they  are  at  450Z.  a  month  charge 
for  the  ship  now  stayed.  It  would  be  the  utter  ruin,  of  petitioners 
and  their  iriends  if  their  grant  were  suspended.  [^Perhaps  presented 
in  March  1638;  See  Vol.  cccxci.,  No.  1.     Hp.] 

35.  Petition  of  John  Starkas  and  "William  "Wright,  two  poor  aged 
men  of  Latton,  in  Essex,  to  the  Council,  In  1637,  upon  war- 
rant of  Sir  John  Lucas,  sheriff,  for  levying  12>l.  17s.  6(2.  allotted 
towards  the  ship-money,  petitioner  Starkas  being  churchwarden, 
with  other  the  inhabitants,  made  a  rate  by  land  taxing  owners  at 
4c?.  and  farmers  at  2(i.  the  acre.  John  Chaffont,  Samuel  Champ- 
neys,  and  others  of  the  inhabitants  made  a  rate  after  ability,  but 
Sir  John  Lucas  allowed  the  rate  by  land,  and  directed  his  warrant 
to  collect  the  same.  Howbeit  Chaffont  and  Champneys  prevailed 
with  Sir  John  to  allow  a  third  rate  according  to  ability,  and"  them- 
selves to  be  named  collectors.  Petitioners  offered  to  pay  their  tax 
according  to  land  rate  after  4(i.  the  acre,  but  Chaffont  and  Champ- 
neys refused  to  accept  thfe  same,  distrained  their  goods,  sold  them  at 
under  values,  kept  the  surplus,  complained  of  them  to  the  Lords, 
and  caused  their  commitment.  Pray  reference  to  Sir  Humphry 
Mildmay,  the  precedent  sheriff.  Sir  "William  Luckin,  the  subsequent 
sheriff,  or  Sir  Thomas  Barrington  and  Sir  "Wilham  Marsham,  or 
Anthony  Luther  and  Edward  Palmer,  to  examine  the  premises. 
{Endorsed.     "  Denied."     1  j3.] 

36.  Petition  of  George  "Walker,  clerk,  to  the  King.  Petitioner 
being  much  weakened  with  imprisonment  for  a  year  past  is  now 
much  cast  down  by  slanderous  reports,  that  he  has  in  a  sermon 
dishonoured  his  Majesty  and  the  Queen  by  resembling  them  to  some 
persons  infamous  in  the  Scriptures  for  wickedness,  whom,  out  of 
fear,  reverence,  and  loyalty,  he  thinks  not  fit  to  be  named,  and  that 
he  has  preached  against  the  ship-money,  and  encouraged  his  hearers 
to  stand  out  against  it,  with  other  seditious  passages,  from  all  which 
he  knows  himself  to  be  most  innocent,  as  his  hearers  wHl  fully 
acquit  him,  as  also  divers  persons  whom  he  has  by  reasons 
grounded  on  God's  word  laboured  to  convince  that  they  ought  to 
pay  the  ship-money  being  demanded.  Prays  liberty  to  purge  him- 
self of  all  such  crimes,  the  aspersion  of  which  is  more  grievous  to 
him  than  his  imprisonment,  and  that  he  may  freely  prosecute  such 
persons  as  have  done  dishonour  to  your  Majesties  by  such  slanderous 
reports,  and  have  utterly  undone  petitioner,     [f  p!\ 

37.  Memorandum  for  Sir  John  Lambe,  to  put  Archbishop  Laud  in 
mind  that  the  Doctors'  Commons  house  is  assessed  by  the  Lord 
Mayor  at  101.  towards  the  shipping  whereas  the  Doctors  themselves 
are  all  assessed  at  the  places  where  they  dwell,  and  the  two  Ser- 


232  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 


[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 

geants'  Inns,  the  Four  Inns  of  Court,  the  Inns  of  Chancery,  the 
Heralds'  House,  and  the  like,  are  not  assessed  at  all,  nor  any  of  the 
City  Halls.     [=  i p.] 

38.  Petition  of  the  Corporation  of  Plympton  Earls,  Devon,  to  the 
Council.  S5l.  has  been  heretofore  assessed  on  the  said  borough  for 
ship-money,  to  which  petitioners  are  most  willing  to  contribute  in 
due  proportion.  The  whole  borough  does  not  exceed  100  acres  of 
land,  the  inheritance  of  divers  gentlemen  inhabiting  abroad  in  the 
country,  the  inhabitants  being  tradesmen,  and  under-tenants  at  great 
rents,  and  so  to  be  rated  as  occupants,  yet  have  they  for  two  years 
past,  made  payment  of  the  greater  sums,  as  being  unwilling  to 
hinder  the  service  but  being  very  poor  men,  and  charged  with  a 
great  sum  of  24<l.  2s.  2|cZ.  per  annum  to  the  lords  of  the  borough, 
they  find  the  proportion  of  the  rate  very  unequal,  compared  with 
other  towns.  Pray  that  the  35L  may  be  added  to  the  sum  set  upon 
the  whole  hundred,  and  they  be  rated  accordingly.     [1  p.J 

39.  Petition  of  the  inhabitants  of  the  western  parts  of  the  hundred 
of  Catsash,  Somerset,  to  the  same.  In  all  payments  their  hundred  is 
divided  into  two  parts,  the  eastern  and  the  western.  The  western 
part  has  long  been  aggrieved  by  being  rated  equally  with  the  eastern 
part,  which  is  far  before  it  in  value.  Petitianers  have,  for  quietness 
sake,  undergone  the  burden,  till  of  late  they  were  not  able  longer  to 
endure  it,  and  petitioned  the  sessions  for  relief,  which  being  referred 
to  Sir  Henry  Berkeley,  Dr.  Goodwin,  James  Farewell,  and  Thomas 
Light,  justices  of  peace,  the  two  first-named  certified  at  the  last 
sessions  at  Wells  where  it  was  ordered  that  thereafter  all  payments 
should  be  made  according  to  the  said  certificate.  Petitioners  have 
acquainted  the  present  sheriff  with  the  said  proceedings,  yet  he  has 
granted  his  warrant  for  collecting  this  present  ship-money  after  the 
old  rates.  Pray  the  Lords  to  confirm  the  order  of  sessions.  [_Enr 
dorsed  a  'memorandwrn  of  Sir  William  Becker  that  the  Lord  Keeper 
had  directed  the  papers  to  be  sent  to  him,.     1  _p.] 

40.  Petition  of  Thomas  Pitt,  bailiff  of  Blandford-Forum,  Dorset, 
to  the  same.  Petitioner  has  received  directions  from  the  Lords 
eitJier  to  pay  in  25Z.  arrear  of  ship-money  for  1636,  or  to  attend  the 
Board  the  first  day  of  Easter  Term  next.  Prays  that  the  said  arrear 
may  be  required  of  William  Strechley,  the  then  bailiff.     [^  ^.] 

41.  Pettion  of  Edmond  Brunsdon,  one  of  the  bailiffs  of  Wilts,  for 
levying  ship-money,  to  the  same.  Being  charged  by  Sir  Nevill 
Poole  and  Sir  Edward  Baynton,  late  sheriffs,  and  John  Grubb,  now 
sheriff,  to  collect  several  sums  for  ship-money,  amongst  others 
of  Edmond  Hungerford  three  sums,  amounting  to  151.  19s.  3d., 
Hungerford's  answer  Avas  that  he  had  no  money ;  but,  as  soon  as 
petitioner  had  taken  a  distress,  Hungerford  came  to  him,  and  charged 
him  with  felony  and  burglary,  and  charged  the  constable  to  have 
petitioner  before  Sir  Francis  Seymour  the  next  morning ;  and 
Hungerford,  with  divers  others,  in  most  violent  manner  rescued  the 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  233 


[-1638?]  Vol.  CCCCVII. 

distress,  being  three  or  four  horses.     [Underwritten  are  the  names  of 
John  PyJce  und  Stephen  Talbot  as  present  at  the  rescue.     1  p.] 

42.  Petition  of  Justices  of  Peace  and  others,  for  themselves  and 
the  inhabitants  of  co.  Hereford,  to  the  Council.  This  county  for  two 
years  past  has  been  visited  "  with  the  grievous  contagion  of  the 
plague  of  pestilence,"  which  yet  continues,  whereby  great  taxations 
are  made  for  relief  of  the  inhabitants  in  places  affected,  and  the 
Lent  corn  and  fruit  this  year  generally  failing,  whereby  famine  creeps 
upon  them,  and  the  plague  in  Worcester  stops  commerce  for  the  sale 
of  their  wool ;  pray  the  Lords  to  make  this  grievous  state  known 
to  his  Majesty.  Petitioners  implore  that  their  present  taxation  of 
ship-money  may  be  forborne  or  moderated.  In  the  borough  of 
Ross  alone  there  are  dead  100,  and  decayed  100  famihes  who  paid 
to  the  ship-money.  [Signed  by  Bishop  Coke,  Sir  Robert  Uarley, 
a,nd,  in  all  17  of  the  jjrincipal  persons  of  the  county .     1  pi\ 

43.  Petition  of  the  yeomen  and  ancient  inhabitants  of  Enfield, 
Middlesex,  to  the  same.  Willingly,  and  in  an  equal  way,  they  cessed 
themselves  and  others  for  the  ship-money,  and  returned  the  same 
to  the  present  slieriffs,  who  in  a  private  way  altered  the  same 
cessment,  easing  the  ablest,  and  lajdng  the  greatest  burdens  upon 
petitioners,  who  for  the  most  part  live  upon  rackrents,  which  they 
conceive  to  be  contrary  to  the  intention  of  the  warrant  of  the  Lords. 
Pray  that  their  cessment,  which  they  will  justify  to  be  equal  and 
honest,  may  stand,  and  that  "  futurely,"  so  long  as  they  are  not 
partial  nor  refractory,  they  may  enjoy  the  privilege  to  cess  amongst 
themselves,  and  not  to  be  cessed  by  those  who  know  them  not. 

44.  Petition  of  Thomas  Walter  and  John  Elkin,  collectors  for  ship- 
money  at  Harrow-on-the-Hill,  to  the  same.  Have  often  demanded 
the  assessments  of  ship-money  of  the  parties  refractory,  but  could 
not  receive  it ;  upon  which  they  complained  to  Mr.  Atkins,  the 
sheriff,  who  promised  to  send  bailiffs  to  distrain,  but  they  never 
came,  so  petitioners  conceive  the  bailiffs  have  unjustly  complained 
of  them  to  the  sheriff.  Pray  to  be  discharged  out  of  the  messenger's 
custody,     [i  ^.] 

45.  Petition  of  Matthew  Stevenson  and  Roger  Reynolds,  chief 
constables  of  the  hundred  of  Blofield,  Norfolk,  to  the  Council.  Pe- 
titioners last  term  made  known  to  the  Lords  the  miserable  poverty 
of  many  poor  people  who  were  assessed  to  pay  ship-money,  where- 
upon an  order  was  made  that  their  petition  should  be  showed  to 
Mr.  Buxton,  the  then  sheriff.  He  could  not  deny  the  same,  but 
said,  "  for  all  this  I  shall  make  you  know  I  am  a  man  of  worth 
and  wisdom,  and  have  many  good  friends  at  court,  and  make  no 
doubt  but  I  shall  so  far  prevail  with  the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury 
as  to  lay  you  fast  by  the  heels,  where,  for  anything  I  know,  you  shall 
lie  alJ  the  days  of  your  life,  and  these  are  but  so  many  pricks  in  my 
side  to  make  me  use  my  best  wits  to  accomplish  the  same,  saying 


234  DOMESTIC — CHARLES  1 

[1C38  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVIl. 


also,  that  he  would  make  petitioners  an  example  to  aU  chief  con- 
stables in  England."  Mr.  Buxton  gave  petitioners  six  weeks  to  get 
up  the  money  ;  yet  14  days  before  that  time  he  procured  a  messenger 
to  be  sent  for  them  in  harvest  time,  and  after  they  had  got  up  110?. 
he  procured  another  messenger  to  be  sent  for  them,  so  that  they 
have  been  constrained  to  spend  of  their  own  estates  1001.  within  this 
12  months,  and  if  they  should  be  enjoined  to  pay  the  l8l.  which  is 
in  arrear  they  are  utterly  undone.  Petitioners  crave  time  for  what 
the  Lords  shall  order  them  to  pay,  Reynolds  being  sick  of  an  ague, 
and  so  disabled  from  collecting  the  new  ship-moneys  by  the  14th  inst., 
according  to  the  sherifif's  warrant,  and  that  petitioner  Stevenson  may 
be  released  out  of  prison,     [f  p.l 

46.  Petition  of  Thomas  Robins,  yeoman,  to  the  Council.  Petitioner 
holds  many  grounds  in  Barby,  co.  Northampton,  for  which  he  has 
always  paid  ship-money,  but  there  is  one  ground  on  which  he 
has  recently  entered  for  which  it  seems  12s.  is  in  arrear,  the  which 
was  never  demanded  of  petitioner.  Petitioner's  shepherd,  being  an 
ignorant  man,  when  the  oiScers  came  to  distrain,  desired  that  the 
cattle  might  be  stayed  till  he  spoke  with  petitioner.  Petitioner  and 
his  shepherd  being  sent  for  by  warrant  for  their  contempts,  petitioner 
is  willing  to  pay  all  arrears,  and  prays  they  may  be  discharged. 

47.  Petition  of  the  poor  inhabitants  of  Newark-upon-Trent  to 
the  same.  Their  town  being  incorporated  is  taxed  at  45Z.  towards 
the  ship-money,  which  sum  the  sheriff  of  co.  Nottingham  intends  to 
lay  upon  the  town,  not  having  power  to  mitigate  the  same.  Set 
forth  their  inability  to  pay  the  amount,  and  pray  direction  to  the 
sheriff  or  any  other  thought  fit  to  examine  the  truth  of  the  infor- 
mation they  give  respecting  their  poverty,  and  that  after  such  ex- 
amination the  sheriff  may  lay  a  moderate  and  equal  tax  upon  them. 
[1^.] 

48.  Petition  of  John  Wight,  late  Mayor  of  Brackley,  co.  North- 
ampton, to  the  same.  Petitioner  was  mayor  of  Brackley  for  1637, 
when  the  town  was  charged  with  50Z.  ship-money,  of  which  he 
could  not  get  above  the  half.  The  Lords  having  written  to  him  in 
January  last  to  pay  the  said  501.  before  the  first  of  March  following, 
he  has  paid  in  23^  odd,  and  since,  by  extraordinary  industry,  has 
levied  4Z.  9s.  more,  the  rest  denying  to  pay  the  moneys  they  are 
assessed  at.  Prays  to  be  discharged  of  the  said  service,  or  that  he 
may  be  furnished  with  further  power  for  levying  the  residue  of  the 
501.     [liJ.l 

49.  Petition  of  William  Scudamore,  late  Sheriff  of  co.  Hereford, 
to  the  same.  By  the  Lords'  letters  of  the  30th  November  last, 
directed  to  the  present  sheriff,  and  to  petitioner  as  sheriff  for  1635, 
S4il.  3s.  5d.  is  required  of  petitioner  as  an  arrear  of  ship-money. 
His  Majesty's  writ  for  that  year  was  dated  12th  August,  and  was 
delivered  to  petitioner  the  21st.    Ten  months  of  petitioner's  shrievalty 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  235 


[16S8?1  VoL.CCCCVII. 

were  expended  in  subdividing  and  assessing  the  amount  before  he 
could  enter  upon  'the  levy.  During  the  short  time  then  remaining 
of  his  shrievalty  he  levied  3,564?;  10s.  ll^d.,  which  he  paid  to  the 
Eeceiver  of  the  Navy  ;  the  remainder  unlevied  being  175  J.  9s.  O^d., 
with  a  memorial  thereof,  and  20s.  in  money,  with  the  writ  and  in- 
structions, were  by  the  Lords'  command  of  the  28th  April  1636  de- 
livered over  to  his  successor,  with  letters  from  the  Lords  for  levying 
the  arrears.  He  has  received  divers  sums,  but  how  much  or  what 
persons  are  now  behind  petitioner  knows  not.  Since  that  time 
petitioner  has  undergone  some  troubles  by  default  of  his  successor, 
but  was  freed  thereof  by  order  of  the  Lords  of  14th  May  1637. 
Prays  that  his  successor,  the  sheriflFfor  1636,  may  finish  this  business 
according  to  the  Lords'  command,  and  that  petitioner  may  be  dis- 
charged.    [I  p.] 

50.  Petition  of  John  Barnard,  of  Caistor,  co.  Lincoln,  prisoner  in 
the  Fleet,  to  the  Council.  Petitioner  stands  committed  for  words 
whereof  he  was  accused]  concerning  three  shillings,  parcel  of  eight 
shillings,  assessed  upon  him  for  ship-money,  of  which  he  willingly 
paid  five  shillings,  and  did  not  refuse  the  other  three  shillings  but  in 
regard  of  the  disproportion  of  the  assessment.  Expresses  contrition, 
and  prays  to  be  enlarged,  being  ready  to  pay  the  three  shillings. 

51.  Order  of  Council  in  the  business  in  difference  between  the 
hundreds  of  Bath-Forum  and  WeUow,  Somerset,  in  the  matter  of 
rates  for  ship-money.  Recites  report  of  Lord  Chief  Justice  Finch, 
approves  what  he  had  done,  and  orders  that  the  rate  set  upon  the 
hundred  of  Bath-Forum  by  the  sheriff'  shall  stand.  [Draft,  with 
blank  left  for  the  Lord  Chief  Justice's  report.     1  p."] 

52.  The  Council  to  George  Fouch,  Messenger  of  the  Chamber,  and 
William  Dove,  to  repair  to  the  house  of  John  Bai'nard,  late  under- 
sheriff'  of  CO.  Lincoln,  and  require  him  to  pay  into  the  Exchequer 
200?.,  by  him  levied  upon  the  tenants  of  certain  marshes  in  Gedney 
and  Sutton,  as  ordered  by  the  Court  of  Exchequer  on  12th  February 
last,  and  if  he  neglect  to  make  present  payment  to  take  him  into 
custody,  that  so  with  you  he  may  remain  until  he  make  such  pay- 
ment.    [Copy.     1  p-l 

53.  Petition  of  Sir  WiUiam  Lewis  to  the  King.  By  my  oath  as 
sheriflF  for  co.  Brecon  I  am  bound  to  a  residence  there  for  the  time 
of  my  office,  but  having  many  occasions  to  repair  this  year  to 
London,  Hampshire,  and  other  parts,  my  petition  is,  that  I,  waiting 
on  the  judges  at  the  assizes  there,  and  doing  all  other  duties  of  my 
office  by  myself  or  my  deputy,  may  be  licensed  to  repair  to  the 
places  before  mentioned.     [|  p.}     Annexed, 

53.  I.  Statement  of  the  reasons  of  the  preceding  petition.  At 
his  Majesty's  making  me  sheriff  I  was  resident  in  Hampshire, 
100  miles  distant  from  co.  Brecon,  amd  did  not  receive  my 
commission  till  the  last  day  of  December,  a  time  of  yea/r 


236  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


that  allowed  neither  the  possibility  to  remove  my  fam,ily 
thither  nor  provision  for  any  entertai/rtment  to  continue 
there  the  whole  year,  the  mere  entertavniment  of  the  judges 
twice  in  the  year  for  eight  days  at  each  time  putting  me  to 
a  great  straight.     [|  p.^ 

54.  Certificate  by  Pentecost  Doddridge,  Mayor  of  Barnstaple,  of 
defaulters  to  the  ship-money.  Total  amount  of  the  tax  150?. ;  col- 
lected 1381.  8s.  ;  unpaid  111.  12s.     [1  p.} 

55.  Certificate  by  Samuel  Foye,  constable,  of  the  names  of  the 
principal  refusers  to  pay  ship-money  in  the  hundred  of  Horethorne, 
Somerset.     [1  p.1 

56.  Note  of  the  way  in  which  424?.  ship-money  assessed  on  co. 
Denbigh  was  charged  in  1638  on  the  several  boroughs  and  hundreds. 

57.  Notes  on  the  question  whether  Yarnfield  and  Gasper,  in  the 
tithing  and  hundred  of  Norton-Ferri.s,  Somerset,  should  be  assessed 
for  the  ship-money  with  Maiden  Bradley,  in  Somerset,  or  with  the 
hundred  of  Mere,  in  Wilts ;  with  answers  to  objections  made  re- 
specting the  conduct  of  Sir  Henry  Ludlow.     [2f  pp.] 

58.  Petition  of  the  Company  of  Gunmakers  to  the  Council  of  War. 
According  to  order,  petitioners  have  delivered  into  the  Tower  2,1]  4 
muskets  ready  finished,  and  have  marked  for  a  second  proof  2,500. 
Petitioners  have  received  warrant  from  the  Earl  of  Newport  for 
receiving  their  moneys  by  debenture  in  the  master  and  wardens' 
names  as  the  cutlers  and  armourers  do,  but  it  is  refused  to  make 
one  debenture  for  all,  and  they  would  charge  petitioners  to 
make  several  debentures  for  above  20  persons,  on  all  which  pe- 
titioners shall  have  to  pay  poundage.  Pray  that  some  other  course 
may  be  taken  for  satisfaction  of  petitioners,     [f  p.] 

59.  Petition  of  Thomas  Stevens,  master  workman  of  the  Armoury 
at  Greenwich,  to  the  same.  Is  informed  that  there  is  a  supply  of 
armour  to  be  made,  for  furnishing  his  Majesty's  magazine  in  the 
Tower.  Petitioner,  being  his  Majesty's  sworn  servant,  and  trained 
in  that  art,  is  fitter  to  be  employed  in  that  service  than  strangers. 
Prays  that  he  may  be  employed,  he  making  the  same  as  good,  and 
affording  them  at  as  reasonable  ra.tes  as  any  other,  and  that  if  any 
armour  be  served  by  any  others  that  he  may  have  the  viewing 
thereof.     [1  p.] 

60.  Petition  of  Benjamin  Stone,  blade-maker  to  the  Office  of  the 
Ordnance,  to  the  Council.  Petitioner  has  for  long  time  employed 
himself  in  making  sword  blades  in  England  for  his  Majesty's  service, 
and  has  perfected  the  manufticture  thereof  by  Englishmen  as  well  as 
others,  and  has  now  great  store  of  swords  upon  his  hands,  being 
hindered  from  delivery  thereof  by  the  great  number  of  bad  blades 
delivered  into  the  Tower  by  Capt.  Legge  and  the  Company  of  Cutlers 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  237 


[IQSsq  Vol.  CCCCVII. 

and  others.  Although  you  ordered  that  these  blades  should  be  re- 
surveyed  by  the  Lieutenant  of  the  Tower  and  Officers  of  the  Ordnance, 
the  cutlers  have  hindered  the  same,  whereas  petitioner's  blades  have 
been  at  all  times  thoroughly  tried.  Prays  that  the  said  order  may 
be  put  in  execution,  and  that  the  Officers  of  the  Ordnance  may 
leport  bow  they  find  petitioner's  blades  to  prove  on  trial,  also  that 
3,000  blades  now  lying  on  his  hands  ready  fitted  up  may  be  received 
and  paid  for,     [|  p.J 

6L  Petition  of  Benjamin  Stone,  styling  himself  Cutler  for  the  Office 
of  the  Ordnance,  to  the  Council  of  War.  Petitioner  having  expended 
all  his  estate,  viz.,  8,000Z.  in  the  manufacture  of  blades,  and  having 
brought  the  same  to  perfection,  his  Majesty  gave  order  to  the  Earl 
of  Newport,  Master  of  the  Ordnance,  to  admit  petitioner  as  cutler 
for  furnishing  his  Majesty's  stores.  He  has  always  furnished  the 
stores  with  far  better  swords  tlian  ever  were  brought  in  by  any, 
and  has  at  present  given  security  to  deliver  1,000  swords  per  month 
so  long  as  his  Majesty  shall  have  occasion.  Prays  warrant  to  have 
the  making  of  all  such  swords  as  liis  Majesty  shall  have  occasion  to 
use,  and  that  the  cutlers  of  London  shall  not  molest  petitioner. 
\Underwntten  by  Nicholas,  "  The  petitioner  is  to  malce  as  onany 
swords  as  he  can,  and  they  shall  be  all  taken  off  if  they  be  sei^ice- 
able  and  goodV     1  p.] 

62.  Petition  of  the  same  to  the  same.  Similar  to  the  preceding 
petition,  with  the  addition  in  the  prayer  that  he  may  have  power 
to  hinder  the  striking  of  Spanish  and  other  marks  upon  blades 
made  by  the  workmen  of  the  cutlers  of  London,     [f  pl\ 

63.  Petition  of  Leonard  Pinckney  to  the  Commissioners  for  Salt- 
petre. Petitioner,  having  been  employed  above  a  year  for  making 
saltpetre,  has  laid  out  above  1 ,000Z.,  which  service  should  have  been 
performed  by  David  Stevenson,  who  was  joined  in  commission  with 
petitioner,  but  Stevenson's  carelessness  has  been  such  that  petitioner 
is  like  to  be  a  loser  this  year  above  200L,  without  your  wonted 
favour.  Prays  a  deputation  to  himself  alone,  or  to  Oswold 
Pinckney  his  brother,  who  will  repay  petitioner  the  money  disbursed, 
and  give  security  for  performance  of  the  service.     [^  ^.] 

64.  Suggestions  for  better  keeping  the  accounts  of  the  Office  of 
Ordnance.  No  account  of  the  stores  has  been  exhibited  there  40 
years  last  past,  so  that  it  is  not  possible  to  make  a  just  charge  of  the 
provisions  that  ought  to  be  found  in  his  Majesty's  magazine.  The 
keeper  of  the  stores  is  unable  to  make  satisfaction  for  the 
defects,  but  some  others  who  upon  examinination  will  be  found  more 
culpable  than  he,  may  be  compelled  to  render  the  estates  they  have 
purchased  by  embezzling  his  Majesty's  moneys  and  robbing  his 
magazine.     \\\  ^.] 

65.  Account  of  a  proportion  of  ordnance  stores  to  be  provided, 
perhaps  for  Carlisle  or  some  other  place  in  the  north  of  England,  also 
60  soldiers,  or  as  many  more  as  without  discovery  of  the  design  can 


238  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


be  got,  and  amongst  them  6  or  8  gunners,  "  voysete "  to  be  for 
Ireland,  under  the  command  of  Capt.  George  Bagg,  and  to  be 
transported  in  one  of  his  Majesty's  lesser  ships,  or  a  ship  taken  up 
at  Plymouth.     [1|  p.] 

66.  Return  by  Dep.  Lieutenants  of  defaulters  in  payment  of  the 
tax  towards  providing  supplies  for  tlie  magazine  for  Sussex ;  five 
persons  are  named,  among  them,  Sir  Thomas  Springate  ;  the  total 
amount  of  the  tax  unpaid  is  8s.  Sd.     [|  p.^ 

67.  Brief  collection  out  of  quarter-books  and  accounts  of  the 
Office  of  Ordnance  of  travelling  charges  and  other  expenses  allowed 
to  Lieutenants  of  the  Ordnance,  and  others  of  that  office,  from  1557 
to  the  present  year.  [Endorsed  by  Nicholas,  "  Sir  John  Heydon, 
Lieutenant  General  of  the  Ordnance."     [2^  pp.] 

68.  Certificate  of  the  number  of  pistols  and  carabines  that  can 
be  made  monthly  by  14  master  workmen,  with  the  prices.  \Endor8ed. 
"  Wallis's  proposition."     |  p.] 

69.  Suggestion  that  Henry  Johnson,  Clerk  of  the  Ordnance,  should 
be  captain  of  the  Peter  Bonaventure,  a  ship  that  carries  munition 
for  which  the  Master  of  the  Ordnance  stands  accountable,     [f  p."] 

70.  Observations  by  Sir  Sackville  Crow  on  a  grant  for  making  and 
[  transporting  iron  ordnance,  about  to  be  made  to  John  Browne,  the 

iron-founder.  Sir  SackviUe  narrates  the  history  of  his  own  grants 
in  connection  with  iron  ordnance,  and  that  of  the  several  previous 
grants  obtained  by  Burlamachi  and  Browne,  and  states  a  variety  of 
objections  to  the  grant  now  under  consideration.     [6  J  pp.^ 

71.  Petition  of  Alexander  Leviston,  equerry  in  ordinary  to  the 
Queen,  to  the  King.  There  is  a  practice  lately  invented  to  make 
silk  stockings  in  a  loom,  which  is  far  sooner  done,  but  nothing  so 
good  as  those  knit  with  needles,  and  therefore  ought  to  be  sold  at 
far  lower  prices.  An  officer  should  be  appointed  to  view,  search,  and 
mark  or  seal  all  silk  stockings,  half-stockings,  and  silk  waist- 
coats, and  to  set  a  mark  upon  the  woven,  and  another  different  on 
the  knit,  and  such  as  are  deceitfully  made  or  dyed  may  be  for- 
feited to  the  King.  Prays  a  grant  for  31  years  of  the  office  of 
searcher,  and  that  the  salesman  may  pay  a  fee  to  petitioner,  of  Is.  for 
every  waistcoat,  6d.  for  eveiy  pair  of  silk  stockings,  and  id.  for 
every  half  pair,     [|  p.] 

72.  Petition  of  Captain  Thomas  King,  your  Majesty's  servant,  to 
the  King.  Petitioner  brought  a  ship  of  300  tons  from  Barbary 
hither,  having  aboard  350  quarters  of  wheat  and  barley,  besides  120 
tons  of  ballast.  Some  bakers  of  London  have  informed  the  Lord  Mayor 
that  there  was  a  greater  quantity  of  corn  in  the  ship  than  is,  and 
which  petitioner  intended  for  Bordeaux,  but  that  his  company  brought 
the  ship  into  the  Thames.  The  Lord  Mayor  has  used  means  to  the 
Lord  Treasurer  to  make  stay  of  the  ship,  which  to  your  petitioner 
is  an  utter  undoing,  the  charge  of  his  company'a  wages  and  victual 
being  180^.  per  month.     Prays  that  the  ship  may  be'  suffered  to 


DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I.  239 


[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 

proceed  upon  her  voyage  for  the  rehef  of  the  distressed  people  of 
that  nation,  intending  to  return  wines  from  thence  to  London,  or 
that  the  Lord  Mayor  may  pay  petitioner  the  price  of  the  corn  as  he 
bought  it  in  Barbary  ,and  the  freight  of  the  ship.     [J  p.] 

73.  Petition,  stated  in  the  endorsement  to  be  that  of  "  Mr.  Bray  " 
to  the  King.  Upon  certificate  of  the  Judges,  it  was  decreed  in  the 
Star  Chamber  that  no  baker  should  sell  bread  at  other  rates  than 
12  or  13  loaves  for  the  dozen,  intending  thereby  reformation,  and  to 
take  away  that  oppression  which  the  poorer  subjects  sustained  by 
the  fraudulent  practices  of  dishonest  retailers,  who  increase  the 
number  but  diminish  the  weight  of  the  loaves,  so  that  the  wjiole 
makes  up  but  the  full  weight  of  a  true  dozen,  whilst  the  retailer 
vends  every  loaf  as  of  the  just  assize  at  12^ to  the  dozen.  Albeit  your 
Majesty  confirmed  the  decree  of  the  Star  Chamber,  and  commanded 
the  same  to  be  obeyed,  yet  divers  persons  contemptuously  transgress 
the  same.  Petitioner  offers  his  service  herein,  and  if  it  be  thought 
necessary  to  put  the  decree  in  execution  for  what  is  past,  prosecutors 
and  commissioners   for   enquiry  and   grace  should    be    appointed. 

74.  Petition  of  the  Company  of  Vintners  of  London  to  the  same. 
The  Council,  by  decree  in  the  Star  Chamber,  has  prohibited  aU 
manner  of  victuaUing  in  taverns,  which  general  and  sudden  restraint 
is  likely  to  ruin  many  families.  Prays  some  mitigation  of  the 
decree,  and  that  petitioners  may  victual  in  a  moderate  manner, 
with   such   cautions   and  restrictions    as    shall    be   thought  meet. 

75.  Petition  of  Edward  Hawkins  and  George  Lasselles  to  the 
same.  Petitioners,  by  a  former  petition,  showed  youi-  Majesty  what 
liberty  the  innholders,  taverners,  cooks,  ordinary  table  keepers, 
butchers,  alehousekeepers,  and  other  victuallers  take  upon  them- 
selves, in  the  "  inordinate  "  of  Lent  and  other  days  forbidden  by 
law  by  strict  proclamations.  Petitioners  also  in  their  said  former 
petition  in  treated  your  Majesty  to  authorise  them  to  call  all  such 
persons  yearly  before  Lent  to  enter  into  recognisances  not  to  kill, 
dress,  or  eat  any  flesh  during  Lent,  nor  on  other  days  prohibited, 
petitioners  receiving  the  accustomed  fee  for  taking  the  said  recog- 
nisances. Upon  reference  to  certain  of  the  Council,  the  referees 
directed  the  Attorney-General  to  draw  up  a  proclamation  to  such 
purpose.  Pray  Letters  Patent  authorising  them  to  take  such 
recognisances.     [1|  p.] 

76.  A  brief  declaration  of  the  great  profit  which  will  accrue  to  the 
commonwealth  by  having  his  Majesty's  pleasure  expressed  in  his 
proclamations  for  the  observance  of  Lent  and  Fasting  Days  strictly 
looked  into,  and  officers  to  be  appointed  to  be  sworn  for  due  execution 
of  that  service,  and  an  office  to  be  erected  in  which  all  recognisances 
taken  in  that  behalf  may  be  safely  kept.  The  advantages  to  ensue 
upon  carrying  out  this  project  are  explained  in  seven  articles. 
[Spp.] 


240  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


77.  Petition  of  Sir  Popham  Southcote,  his  Majesty's  servant,  to 
the  King.  Your  Majesty  granted  to  petitioner  the  farm  of  the 
duty  for  hard  soap  made  in  the  western  parts,  the  profits  whereof 
he  has  advanced  8001.  per  annum.  He  has  taken  forth  a  commission 
directed  to  gentlemen  of  best  quality  in  those  parts  for  regulating 
that  trade  to  your  Majesty's  most  advantage,  and  the  contentment 
of  your  subjects,  and  has  executed  that  commission  among  the  most 
part  of  those  hard  soapmakers,  who  have  become  bound  for  payment 
of  the  duty  to  petitioner ;  but  Mr.  Ball,  who  was  an  agent  for  Mr. 
Sainthill,  who  a  long  time  opposed  this  advancement  of  rent, 
finding  his  ends  crossed,  has  stirred  up  certain  soapmakers  of  Exeter 
to  cross  petitioner's  grant  by  malicious  suggestions,  saying  it  will 
spoil  their  trade,  whereas  they  themselves  aim  at  a  monopoly.  Prays 
that  he  may  quietly  enjoy  his  grant,  and  that  the  disturbers  may 
receive  condign  punishment.     [1  p.J 

78.  Petition  of  Anthony  Wither,  your  Majesty's  Commissioner  for 
reformation  of  clothing,  to  the  King.  Petitioner  was  some  years 
since  drawn  from  his  ordinary  trade  by  the  entreaties  of  the  Company 
of  Merchants  Adventurers  to  undertake  a  most  difficult  service,  which 
being  for  the  honour  of  your  Majesty  and  the  State,  he  was  induced 
to  undertake,  thoiigh  it  was  conceived  it  would  be  with  peril  of  his 
life,  and  now  the  company  are  like  by  his  endeavours  to  save  1 0,000L 
a  year,  which  they  have  paid  yearly  for  faults  found  in  the 
white  cloth  sold  in  that  half  of  their  trade  which  is  in  Holland,  and 
to  secure  "  a  far  more  sum  "  which  they  are  daily  in  danger  to  pay 
in  the  other  half  of  their  trade  which  is  in  Hamburgh.  By  your 
Majesty's  commission  petitioner  is  to  take  no  benefit  by  the 
penalties  of  any  laws,  nor  any  other  ways  to  advantage  himself,  but 
to  expect  his  reward  from  the  King  or  the  Merchant  Adventurers, 
which  merchants  have  for  the  first  two  years  only  given  him  reason- 
able satisfaction,  and  subsequently  have  yearly  lessened  his  payments, 
and  now  have  thrust  him  out  of  his  place  by  electing  another 
thereunto,  and  that  only  because  your  suppliant  required  his 
payment;  the  company  refusing  to  give  him  for  his  travel  so  much 
money  as  it  has  cost  him  out  of  his  own  estate.  Petitioner  is 
greatly  grieved  in  being  suddenly  put  from  all  course  of  living,  which 
is  to  him  much  more  prejudicial  than  all  benefits  he  has  received  in 
these  five  years  can  recompense.  Petitioner  is  informed  that  the 
plurality  of  hands  in  their  court  was  in  his  favour,  but  others 
thought  otherwise  and  it  was  divers  times  put,  until  they  obtained 
his  dismissal.  The  great  traders  in  white  cloths  gave  their  utmost 
endeavours  for  his  continuance,  and  no  fault  was  found  with  him, 
but  that  other  men  offer  to  do  it  better  cheap.  Prays  his  Majesty 
to  recommend  the  hearing  of  his  cause  to  the  Council,  that  not  being 
found  faulty  he  may  be  continued  in  the  sei"vice,  upon  such  payment 
and  conditions  as  shall  be  ordained.     [1  p.J 

79.  Petition  of  Peter  Le  Noble,  John  de  I'Espine,  Samuel  Dubois, 
Michael  Clarke,  John  Perkin,  and  Peter  Lekeux,  in  behalf  of  the 
strangers,  manufacturers  of  stuffs  at  Canterbury,  to  the  King.     In 


DOMESTIC — CHAIiLES  I.  241 


r|(338?]  Vol.  CCCCVII. 

the  patent  lately  granted  to  the  company  of  weavers  in  London, 
petitioners  are  tied  to  pay  for  duties  a  third  part  more  than  the 
company,  and  that  for  "  two  descents,"  which  is  so  doubtfully  ex- 
pressed that  petitioners  know  not  whether  father  and  son  only,  or 
father,  son,  and  grandchild  be  concerned  therein ;  the  grandchild 
being  by  the  law  and  by  the  injunction  of  the  Archbishop  of 
Canterbury  to  be  in  all  respects  taken  for  native  English.  As 
petitioners  and  their  forefathers  brought  into  this  kingdom  the 
invention  of  these  manufactures,  by  which  many  of  your  subjects 
have  employment,  and  are  at  continiial  great  charge  in  carrying 
their  stuffs  to  and  from  London,  and  for  that  your  Majesty  has 
custom  on  the  materials  of  those  manufactures,  and  that  all  strangers 
importing  commodities  by  which  your  subjects  have  no  employ- 
ment pay  but  a  fourth  part  more  custom  than  the  Englisli,  peti- 
tioners pray  that  they  may  pay  for  the  new  rate  in  the  corpora- 
tion of  weavers  the  like  proportion  as  strangers  pay  in,  the 
Custom  House,  viz.,  a  fourth  part  more  than  the  English,  for  father 
and  son  only.     [^  p.l 

80.  Petition  of  divers  Baymakers  of  Coggeshall,  Essex,  creditors 
of  John  de  la  Barre,  merchant,  to  the  Council.  De  la  Barre  owing 
them  1,700^.,  and  being  protected  by  his  Majesty,  so  conveyed  away 
his  estate  as  no  part  could  be  found,  except  2,300?.  due  from  his  Ma- 
jesty, and  bills  due  out  of  the  office  of  the  navy.  His  Majestj' 
gave  leave  for  order  to  be  taken  for  petitioners'  satisfaction,  they 
being  willing  to  accept  half  their  debts,  and  your  Lordships  in  May 
1637  ordered  de  la  Barre  to  assign  850?.  of  the  moneys  due  to  him, 
whereof  petitioners  have  received  253L,  leaving  541?.,  which  the 
Lord  Treasurer  says,  being  for  freight  of  ships,  victualling,  and  men's 
wages  since  the  voyage  for  relief  of  Eochelle,  he  cannot  appoint 
payment.  Petitioners  conceive  that  it  was  his  Majesty's  pleasure 
and  yours  that  they  should  be  paid  the  moiety  of  their  debts  out  of 
the  moneys  in  general  due  from  his  Majesty  to  de  la  Barre,  and  there- 
fore, though  the  Privy  Seal  of  1,500?.  be  assigned  to  other  creditors 
of  de  la  Barre,  they  hope  that  if  payment  be  deferred  of  any,  it  will 
rather  be  of  those  to  whom  the  Privy  Seal  is  assigned,  for  that  they 
are  better  able  to  forbear  their  moneys  than  petitioners,  who  lose 
900?.  by  de  la  Barre  when  these  bills  are'paid.  Pray  payment  of  the 
541?.,  bj''  which  means  their  undoing  and  the  ruin  of  many  thou- 
sands depending  upon  them  will  be  prevented.     [1  p.j 

81.  Petition  of  divers  of  your  Majesty's  Merchants  in  London 
ti'ading  in  woollen  commodities  to  the  King.  The  wools  of  this 
kingdom  being  the  main  staple  afford  excellent  manufactures  very 
useful  to  all.  These  manufactures  have  been  of  late  years  so  falsified 
by  the  makers,  one  striving  to  undersell  another,  that  their  abuses 
being  daily  discovered,  they  come  to  an  ill  market  at  liome  and 
abroad.  Pray  a  reference  to  a  committee  of  the  Council  or  others 
to  hear  petitioners  and  report  the  truth,  that  a  prudent  government 
may  be  established  for  well  ordering  of  these  commodities.     [1  p.] 

13.  Q 


242  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  1 

[16381] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


82.  Petition  of  Sir  Kalph  Blackstone  and  John  Spencer,  of  London, 
mercer,  to  the  King.  Saffron  is  only  useful  for  its  colour  or  tincture, 
much  of  which  is  lost  in  drawing  it  out.  Petitioners  have  found 
out  a  way  to  improve  saffron  to  its  greatest  advantage,  so  that 
ten  ounces  shall  go  as  far  and  yield  as  much  tincture  as  1 6  ounces  in 
the  leaf  or  "shyve."  Pray  a  patent  of  privilege  for  14  years  for 
the  sole  making  up  into  their  form  of  all  such  saffron  or  other 
vegetables  as  shall  be  spent  in  all  your  Majesty's  dominions. 
Petitioners  will  pay  to  the  King  one-third  part  of  all  the  gains. 
\_Endorsed :  "  Lord  Herbert.  To  be  referred  to  the  physicians."  •§  p.] 
Annexed, 

82.  I.  Explanation  of  the  advantages  of  the  new  process  for  ex- 
traction of  the  colour  from  saffron  and  other  vegetable 
substances.     [1  p."] 

82.  II.  A  conjectural  "supputation  "  of  what  saffron  may  be  spent 

in  all  his  Majesty's  dominions  during  one  year.  Say 
there  be  one  million  households  and  that  every  house  spend 
three  halfpence  in  saffrmi,  that  would  produce  6,250Z., 
which  would  require  3,125  lbs.  of  saffron.  The  gain  upon 
every  pound  being  15s.,  would  amount  to  2,3i3l.  15s. 
[^Written  upon  the  same  paper  as  the  preceding.     ^  p.'] 

83.  Petition  of  the  Corporation  of  Saltraakers  of  South  and  North 
Shields  to  the  same.  Pray  an  order  of  Council  for  suppressing  the 
melting  of  foreign  salt  within  the  limits  of  their  patent ;  also  that 
the  Attorney-General  may  have  a  warrant  for  renewing  their  contract 
with  certain  clauses  herein  specified,  principally  affecting  the  importa- 
tion of  8,OU0  weys  allowed  to  the  Scots.  They  also  pray  that  Sir 
William  Bellasis,  the  present  governor  of  the  corporation  and  sheriff 
of  Durham,  may  be  a  justice  of  peace  there,  notwithstanding  any 
statutes  to  the  contrary.     [1  p.] 

84.  Robert  Smith  and  Leonard  Stockdale,  relators  in  the  Star 
Chamber  against  the  Company  of  Starchmakers,  defendants,  to  the 
same.  Remonstrance  concerning  their  proceedings  in  his  Majesty's 
service  in  the  starch  business.  They  set  forth  the  past  abuses  of 
the  starchmakers  by  which  they  contrived  to  avoid  the  payment  of 
the  3,000?.  per  annum  contracted  to  be  paid  to  the  King.  Propose 
a  new  arrangement,  whereby  the  petitioners  being  appointed  sole 
starchmakers,  the  importation  of  foreign  starch  strictly  prohibited 
and  certain  prices  fixed  by  proclamation,  81.  per  ton  might  be  paid 
to  the  King.     [lif>.] 

85.  Petition  of  Robert  Smith,  Leonard  Stockdale,  Thomas  Peterson, 
Hugh  Cuer,  Nathaniel  Fox,  and  Richard  Moore,  on  behalf  of  them- 
selves and  fifty  other  starchmakers,  freemen  of  that  company,  to  the 
same.  Since  the  great  abuses  crept  into  that  trade  were  discovered 
by  the  relators  and  petitioners  Smith  and  Stockdale,  and  their 
offer  of  improvement  of  your  Majesty's  profits  therein  from  2uO?.  to 
3,000Z.  per  annum,  some  few  of  other  great  trades  being  for  money 
admitted  into  the  company,  contrary  to  the  King's  proclamation, 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  243 


[1638  ?] 


voi,.  ccccvn. 

have  circumvented  the  petitioners  by  offering  a  small  addition  of 
benefit  to  your  Majesty  in  the  first  two  years  above  the  prior  pro- 
position, and  thereupon  procured  a  warrant  to  the  Attorney-General 
for  a  new  charter,  wherein  they  refuse  to  nominate  any  of  the  peti- 
tioners, purposely  to  engross  the  whole  trade  into  their  own  hands. 
Petitionei's  are  ready  to  give  security  (better  than  is  now  offered) 
for  an  improvement  to  your  Majesty  of  500^.  per  annum  above  the 
last  pro])osition,  which  will  be  in  all  3,5001.  per  annum,  and  like- 
wise to  increase  the  50?.  for  seven  years  offered  towards  repair  of 
Paul's  to  lOOi.  per  annum,  and  will  observe  the  prices  in  the  said 
warrant  limited.  Your  Majesty  having  referred  these  matters  to 
the  Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  the  Lord  Keeper,  the  Lord  Treasurer, 
and  Lord  Cottington,  petitioners  pray  reference  of  the  present 
proposition  to  the  same  referees,     [f  p.^ 

86.  Petition  of  Kichard  Delamain,  his  Majesty's  servant,  to  the 
King.  Your  Majesty  commanded  petitioner  to  make  up  sundry  new 
instruments  in  silver  for  your  particular  use  ;  one  invented  by  your 
Majesty  about  the  time  of  the  launching  of  the  Sovereign,  another 
a  new  dial  for  your  bedchamber,  invented  by  petitioner  and  pre- 
sented to  you  at  Greenwich  last  summer,  and  another  a  universal 
instrument  called  a  Helicon,  studied  by  petitioner  for  your  Majesty's 
vise  in  time  of  progress  and  presented  bj'  him  to  you  at  Bagshot,  all 
which  have  since  been  fitted  by  petitioner  in  the  mouldings  and 
framing  in  metal  for  their  making  up  in  silver ;  but  for  that  the 
mass  of  silver  for  these  instruments  is  greater  than  petitioner  has 
ability  to  buy,  he  prays  warrant  to  the  Lord  Treasurer  or  the 
Master  of  the  Jewels  that  36  lbs.  of  silver  may  be  delivered  to 
him  for  that  service.  Petitioner  vdll  see  it  employed  at  your  Ma- 
jesty's house  at  the  Minories,  at  Sir  John  Heydon's.     [f  p.} 

87.  Petition  of  John  Ward,  of  London,  merchant,  prisoner  in  the 
King's  Bench,  to  the  same.  Has  used  the  trade  of  a  merchant  for 
30  years,  during  which  time  he  has  paid  for  customs  above  5001. 
yearly,  and  for  freight  of  ships  about  2,000Z.  a  year ;  but  by  reason 
of  losses  and  the  advantage  taken  of  him  in  his  imprisonment  by 
unscrupulous  persons,  he  is  not  able  to  give  present  satisfaction  to 
his  creditors,  his  estate  lying  abroad  in  most  parts  of  Christendom. 
Prays  reference  to  some  Lords  of  the  Council  or  other  fit  persons  to 
compose  the  differences  or  to  certify  your  Majesty  of  the  state 
thereof     [f  p.] 

88.  Petition  of  Peirce  Creagh,  merchant,  to  the  same.  Two  years 
past,  petitioner  being  bound  from  Spain  for  Limerick  with  Spanish 
commodities  to  the  value  of  1,500?.,  his  ship  was  taken  by  the 
Turks,  and  he  remained  in  slavery  until  ransomed  by  Sir  William 
Courteen  for  160?.  Has  paid  some  part  of  the  160?.  to  the  assignee 
of  Sir  William,  but  is  not  able  to  pay  any  more,  having  lost  his 
whole  estate,  yet  he  is,  cootinually  troubled  by  the  assignee  for  the 
remainder.     Pravs  some  relief,  or  employment  here  or   in  Ireland 

89.  Petition  of  Peter  Marolois,  Arnold  Beake,  and  others,  of 
London,  merchants,  to  the  same.    Petitioners  set  forth  the  St.  George 


244  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I, 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


of  London,  in  July  last  to  Cadiz,  and  from  thence  to  the  Canaries, 
where  she  took  on  board  424  pipes  of  .wine,  and  in  her  return  home- 
wards about  1 1th  December  by  distress  of  weather  was  stranded  upon 
the  coast  of  Picardy,  "near  the  town  of  Berque  [Bercq],  which  is 
under  the  government  of  the  Duke  del  Bceuf,  or  in  his  absence  of  Mons. 
de  Mouille."  Much  of  the  ship's  furniture  and  great  part  of  the  wines 
were  saved,  but  Mons.  de  Mouille  refuses  to  rate  the  salvage.  Pray 
letters  to  the  Duke  that  the  goods  may  be  restored  to  petitioners, 
they  paying  salvage.     [1  p.] 

90.  Petition  of  Casparus  CardhafFe,' prisoner  in  the  Tower,  to  the 
Kino-.  Petitioner  having  learned  liis  late  master's  art  of'  making 
pieces  was  charged  by  him  with  a  design  to  pass  beyond  sea  to 
reveal  the  same  to  some  foreign  prince,  and  also  that  he  had  behaved 
contemptuously  towards  him,  whereas  petitioner  never  had  such  in- 
tention. Was  committed  prisoner  to  a  messenger  for  seven  weeks, 
and  then  discharged  upon  putting  in  a  bond  of  oOOl.  with  sureties 
not  to  depart  the  realm  without  licence,  since  which  he  has  betm 
committed  to  the  Towei"  these  26  weeks,  without  allowance  of  diet 
or  maintenance,  being  like  to  perish,  though  he  knows  himself  guilty 
of  no  offence,  but  only  his  skilfulness  in  his  trade.  In  respect  he  is 
an  alien,  destitute  both  of  friends  and  means,  prays  to  be  freed 
from  his  imprisonment  upon  his  former  security,  with  some  allowance 
for  his  time  and  diet  since  his  imprisonment,  and  restitution  of  his 
tools  and  patterns,  with  liberty  to  use  his  trade.  [^Endorsed  by  Sec. 
Windebank  as  "Dutchman's  petition."     % p.^ 

91.  Petition  of  John  Tilier  to  the  same.  Petitioner  being  a 
stranger  has  traded  in  wines,  jjaying  double  duties,  and  has  within 
nine  months  imported  great  quantities  of  French  wines,  which  for 
the  most  part  he  sold  to  the  wine  coopers  of  London.  They  being 
now  debarred  from  b.uying  wine  the  trade  is  wholly  in  the  government 
of  the  company  of  vintners.  They  have  undertaken  to  take  off  such 
wines  as  remain  in  the  wine  coopers'  hands,  and  petitioner  has 
offered  them  all  his  wines,  being  about  130  tons,  and  such  as  they 
shall  refuse  he  will  dispose  of  to  the  hot-water  men,  but  the  vintners 
refuse  to  meddle  with  his  wines.  Prays  order  to  them  to  take  peti- 
tioner's wines.     [|  p.^ 

92.  Petition  of  sundry  Merchants,  strangers  residing  in  the  city  of 
London,  to  the  Council.  Several  small  quantities  of  French  wines 
have  been  brought  over  in  Dutch  vessels  from  Holland  and  Zealand 
which  were  licensed  to  be  landed  and  sold,  but  it  M'as  ordered  that 
the  money  arising  therefrom  should  be  deposited  with  the  farmers  of 
the  customs  till  further  orders.  The  wines  belonging  to  none  but 
those  of  Holland  and  Zealand,  petitioners  pray  to  be  discharged 
from  depositing  their  moneys,  and  that  hereafter  wines  belonging  to 
subjects  of  Holland  and  Zealand  may  be  landed  and  disposed  of  as 
the  Lords  allow  to  the  English.     [|  p.] 

93.  List  of  six  wine  merchants  who  refuse  to  pay  the  imposition 
of  20s.  per  ton  upon  French  and  Spanish  wines.  The  largest  im- 
porter was  "Marmaduke  Roydon,  137  tons."     [^  p.] 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  245 


[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 

94.  Petition  of  John  Bedoll,  merchant,  to  the  Council.  Your 
Lordships,  on  ISth  December  last,  ordered  that  the  persons  charged 
in  the  "  leviation  "  by  the  commissioners  for  payment  of  debts  owing 
by  the  Muscovy  Company  should  make  payment  according  to  the 
leviation  or  stand  committed,  unless  wrongfully  charged.  This 
order  has  since  been  confirmed  on  3rd  present,  wherein  petitioner, 
with  three  others,  were  committed  to  the  Fleet.  Shows  that  he  has 
been  wrongfully  charged,  as  by  a  certificate,  stated  to  be  annexed, 
appears.  These  debts  are  grown  by  the  trading  company  but  since 
petitioner  gave  over  that  trade,  which  was  eight  years  since.     [1  p.] 

95.  Petition  of  the  Glovers  of  London,  being  above  400  house- 
keepers and  above  3,000  workers,  to  the  same.  By  order  of  10th 
April  his  Majesty  granted  petitioners  a  corporation,  but  the  order  is 
drawn  in  such  an  obscure  way  that  they  cannot  yet  make  use  of  it, 
no  place  being  named  where  the  corporation  shall  be  laid,  only  it  is 
said  they  shall  be  incorporated  for  three  miles  about  London.  In  all 
other  cities  and  many  corporate  towns  there  are' companies  of  glovers 
incorporate,  but  none  now  in  London,  whereby  the  abuses  in  their 
trade  are  grown  more  incorrigible  than  ever.  Pray  the  Lords  to 
take  pity  on  this  so  much  admired  manufacture  abroad  and  too 
much  neglected  at  home,     [f  p.] 

96.  Abstract  of  a  petition  attributed  in  the  endorsement  to  "  Mr. 
Atkinson."  It  has  relation  to  the  importation  of  kid  skins  from  France, 
and  an  application  upon  that  subject  by  Mr.  Johnston.  The  writer  of 
this  abstract  had  obtained,  in  partnership  with  others,  a  grant  from 
the  King  of  France,  under  which  they  alone  had  the  power  of 
purchasing  kid  skins  in  that  country.  They  had  expended  3.0U0L 
for  better  gathering  in  the  skins  and  engaged  themselves  in  great 
penalties,  with  securities  for  receiving  tiiis  commodity  for  15  years. 
Mr.  Johnston,  being  refused  to  come  in  a  sharer,  petitioned  for  a 
prohibition  of  the  importation  of  French  skins.  Johnston  sells  the 
skins  to  a  scrivener  in  Thames  Street,  and  the  scrivener  to  a  leather- 
seller,  and  the  leatherseller  to  the  glovers,  whereby  the  price  is 
much  raised.  Petitioners  will  sell  the  skins  to  the  glovers  at  the 
same  rate  as  they  are  sold  first  hand.  In  case  his  Majesty  should 
hinder  the  importation  of  the  skins  it  would  be  the  utter  undoing 
of  many  thousand  poor  people,  the  disfurnishing  of  the  kingdom  of 
the  said  commodities,  a  great  loss  in  the  customs,  and  also  a  prece- 
dent for  French  merchants  in  the  like  case  upon  English  commodi- 
ties. Petitioners  will  pay  yearly  into  the  Exchequer  100^.  during 
the  said  grant,     [f  p.'] 

97.  Petition  of  the  Governor  and  Company  of  Merchants  of  Eng- 
.  land,  trading  in  the  Levant  seas,  to  the  Council.    In  1608  there  was  a 

toleration  granted  to  the  Muscovy,  Eastland,  and  Barbary  merchants 
for  transporting  34,000  Suffolk  and  long  Western  cloths  yearly, 
being  strained  cloths,  in  which  toleration,  the  trade  of  Turkey  being 
then  in  its  infancy,  the  Levant  company  was  not  included.  In 
regard  that  of  late  years  the  chief  exportation  of  strained  cloths  is 


24i6  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I. 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


fajlen  upon  this  company,  they  pray  a  toleration  to  transport  into 
Turkey  so  many  strained  cloths  and  kerseys  as  those  parts  will  vent. 

D-P-] 

98.  Answer  of  the  Governor,  Deputy,  Assistants,  and  Fellowship 
of  Merchant  Adventurers  of  England  to  the  Council.  Being  replies 
to  four  objections  propounded  to  them  by  the  Council  with  reference 
to  a  former  petition  praying  for  the  better  ordering  of  the  trade  in 
cloth  into  Germany  and  the  Seventeen  Provinces.  The  first  point 
related  to  four  tons  of  yarn  licensed  to  be  exported  by  the  city  of 
Canterbury  for  the  relief  of  the  poor.  They  submit  to  the  judgment 
of  the  Council,  but  pray  that  the  quantity  may  be  reduced  to  two 
tons.  The  second  point  had  relation  to  the  prayer  of  the  Merchant 
Adventurers  that  the  interloper  might  not  be  permitted  to  pass  in 
strangers'  names  or  upon  strangers'  custom.  They  explain  that  they 
sought  not  thereby  to  exclude  the  stranger  from  trading,  enumerate 
the  advantages  possessed  by  the  interloper,  although  he  acts  in  oppo- 
sition to  all  royal  charters,  and  does  not  increase  the  customs  like 
the  fair  trader.  The  third  point  was  that  the  interlopers  in  times 
of  glut  were  thought  to  be  a  great  help  in  taking  oif  the  cloth  of  the 
Merchant  Adventurers,  and  a  daily  spur  to  them  to  do  the  same 
themselves.  Their  answer  is  that  the  interlopers  are  unable  to  do 
the  State  any  service,  not  one  in  forty  ever  thriving,  and  there  is  no 
want  of  ready  men  among  the  Adventurers  to  buy  up  more  cloth 
than  could  be  made  in  the  kingdom.  The  last  point  related  to 
security  to  be  given  by  the  Merchant  Adventurers  for  buying  up, 
in  case  of  emergency,  all  the  drapery  from  the  clothiers.  The  answers 
refer  to  what  they  had  done  in  1563  and  1587,  and  at  the  present 
time,  when,  notwithstanding  the  wars  in  Germany,  the  stop  of  trade 
in  Holland,  and  the  great  fears  at  home,  there  had  been  no  just 
cause  of  complaint  either  to  the  clothier  in .  buying  up,  or  to  the 
farmers  of  the  customs  in  exportation.  They  bring  their  remarks 
to  an  end  by  reminding  the  Council  that  the  suppression  of  the 
interloper  was  his  Majesty's  promise  to  the  town  of  Rottei-dam, 
when  the  Adventurers  removed  thither  from  Delft,  and  which  was 
mentioned  in  his  Majesty's  proclamation,  and  some  service  rendered 
in  consequence  to  his  Majesty  by  the  town.  The  town  stick  not  to 
threaten  the  Company,  that  in  case  the  same  be  not  performed  they 
will  require  restitution  for  that  which  they  advanced  to  his  Majesty. 

[Hpp-J 

99.  Petition  of  John  Oldfield  to  the  same.  Petitioner's  com- 
plaints having  been  found  just,  as  appears  by  a  report  annexed, 
justifying  his  proceedings  to  have  been  according  to  the  proclamation, 
and  to  have  benefited  the  King  in  respect  of  6c?.  the  1,000  bricks 
within  the  limits  of  a  corporation  lately  granted  to  the  brickmakers 
of  London,  to  the  value  of  1,000  marks  at  the  least,  and  commodious 
to  the  commonwealth  in  respect  of  the  goodness  of  the  earth  for  that 
purpose.  Upon  the  unjust  information  of  four  or  five  of  the  com- 
missioners for  archeiy  petitioner  was  put  by  on  ground  in  which 
the  archers  never  had  anything  to  do,  unless  all  gardens  be  at  their 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  247 


[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 

disposal,  whereby  petitioner  lost  2001.  Prays  liberty  to  make  bricks 
of  his  ground  as  other  subjects  have,  which  done  he  shall  be  damaged 
5001.,  and  that  committees  may  be  appointed  for  moderating  the 
engagements  which  through  imprisonment  he  has  been  forced  to,  or 
that  some  course  may  be  taken  by  the  city  in  regard  that,  for  the 
superfluous  pleasure  of  the  citizens,  he  has  for  this  five  years  been 
exiled  from  his  whole  estate,  then  worth  \,200l.,  and  not  only  left 
without  means  of  livelihood  but  40Z.  in  debt.  Unless  the  Lords 
take  him  into  their  consideration  he  must  lose  his  estate  for  150Z., 
which  he  was  forced  to  take  up  to  redeem  himself  from  prison. 
\Underwritten,  "Nil."'     ^p.] 

100.  Petition  of  the  Wire-sellers,  Wire-drawers,  and  Wire-workers 
of  London  to  the  Council.  Have  been  much  abridged  and  indeed  ex- 
cluded from  their  trade,  as  well  by  a  covenant  made  by  the  company 
of  pinmakers  witli  James  Lidsy,  to  buy  of  him  yearly  200  tons  of 
latten  wire,  which  is  more  than  ever  was  yearly  wrought  in  this 
kingdom,  and  so  in  effect  the  whole  sale  of  this  commodity  is  appro- 
priated to  the  private  lucre  of  one  man,  as  also  by  a  late  proclamation 
of  19th  August  last,  whereby  it  is  first  pretended  that  the  latten  wire 
made  in  England  is  much  better  than  that  imported,  and  that  the 
manufacture  employs  many  of  his  Majesty's  subjects,  both  which  asser- 
tions petitioners  deny.  The  patentees  themselves  are  fain  to  procure 
some  foreign  wire  to  be  imported  which  they  work,  and  in  making  the 
finer  sorts  of  pins  the  wire  made  at  home  is  not  to  be  dravm  into 
such  small  sizes  for  pins  and  divers  other  uses,  yet  petitioners  seek 
not  to  discourage  this  manufacture  here,  but  desire  that  it  may  be 
for  any  man  to  make.  Pray  the  Lords  to  afford  petitioners  a  favour- 
able hearing,     [f  p.l 

10 J.  Petition  of  Thomas  Persons,  of  Batcombe,  Somerset,  to  the 
same.  Petitioner  having  adventured  to  the  value  of  ^01.  for 
tobacco  beyond  seas,  on  its  arrival  took  by  licence  of  the  Farmers 
of  the  Customs,  only  two  small  rolls  of  the  tobacco,  leaving  the  rest, 
in  lieu  of  custom,  until  he  could  redeem  the  same.  Upon  complaint 
of  John  Smith,  patentee  of  Batcombe,  that  petitioner  should  sell 
tobacco  without  licence,  he  has  been  sent  for  up  in  custody  of  a 
messenger.  Petitioner  never  sold  any  tobacco,  and  if  his  wife  did 
so,  he  was  ignorant  thereof  He  proffered  the  two  rolls  to  the 
patentee  at  the  accustomed  prices,  who  would  not  accept  of  it. 
Prays  discharge.     [|  p.] 

102.  Petition  of  Anthony  Hooper,  merchant,  to  the  same.  In 
February  last,  petitioner  made  over  to  John  La  Poutre  certain 
tobacco  aboard  the  Exchange,  of  London,  which  La  Poutre  after- 
wards made  over  to  Daniel  Farfax  and  Isaac  Legay,  for  better 
security  of  10,000Z.,  for  which  La  Poutre  and  petitioner  stood 
bound.  The  tobacco  being  since  landed  at  Guernsey,  is  there  de- 
tained from  Farfax  and  Legay  by  reason  of  attachments  brought 
upon  bare  pretences.  Prays  order  to  Sir  Peter  Osborne,  governor  of 
Guernsey,  to  deliver  the  tobacco  to  Farfax  and  Legay.     [|  jj.] 


248  DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I 

[1638?] 


Vol.  CCCCVII. 


[1638?] 


]  03.  Minute  made  for  Sir  William  Becher  of  a  petition,  touching 
the  tobacco-pipe  makers.  They  have  a  patent  of  incorporation 
10th  Charles.  Mr.  Lee  is  patentee  for  sole  venting  of  tobacco-pipe 
earth,  21st  James,  which  patent  vras  called  in  by  the  House  of 
Commons  1st  Charles.  In  December  last  Mr.  Kirke  and  Mr.  Max- 
well,  of  the  bedchamber,  took  an  assignment  of  Lee's  patent,  and 
John  Price  and  Francis  Brudenell  are  farmers  to  the  assignees. 
Foster  and  Peniall,  messengers,  have  warrants  for  execution  of  this 
patent.  Petitioners  desire  that  the  patent  may  be  called  for,  and 
offer  to  submit  to  it,  so  it  may  be  truly  executed.     [|  j3.] 


Vol.  CCCCVIIL     Undated,  1638. 

1.  Statement  respecting  the  various  measures  taken  for  the  regula- 
tion of  the  manufacture  and  sale  of  playing  cards.  It  contains  notices 
of  the  various  proclamations  and  grants  made  for  promoting  the  sale 
of  English-made  cards,  and  for  seizing  all  unsealed  cards,  and  all 
cards  imported  from  foreign  countries.     [2  p^^-] 

2.  Another  statement  upon  tlie  same  subject  as  the  preceding, 
with  special  notice  of  the  grant  made  to  Edward  Darcy  in  the  40th 
Elizabeth,  and  the  proceedings  consequent  thereon.     [2f  pp."] 

3.  Petition  of  Thomas  Blackall  to  the  Council.  By  warrant  of 
the  Lord  Treasurer  and  Lord  Cottington,  petitioner  was  taken  into 
the  custody  of  a  messenger,  concerning  the  business  of  cards,  where 
he  has  remained  these  23  days  to  his  great  charge.  Having  truly 
related  to  the  Commissioners  all  his  knowledge  and  dealing  in  cards 
since  the  proclamation  [15  May  1637],  and  submitted  his  books  to 
a  merchant  of  quality,  who  has  certified  to  the  Commissioners,  be 
prays  to  be  discharged,     [f  p.'] 

4.  Petition  of  the  Master,  Wardens,  and  Assistants  of  the  Company 
of  Hatband  Makers  of  London,  to  the  same.  In  December  last 
his  Majesty  granted  to  petitioners  letters  patent  of  incorporation, 
and  sundry  ordinances  have  since  been  confirmed  to  them  by  the 
Lord  Keeper  and  two  Lords  Chief  Justices  for  the  good  government 
of  their  corporation.  There  are  some  refractory  members  who  will 
not  yield  obedience  to  their  charter  and  ordinance,  and  others  who 
exercise  petitioners'  calling  without  having  served  according  to  law 
Pray  warrant  to  a  messenger  for  apprehending  the  offenders  and 
conventing  them  before  the  Lords  for  examination  as  to  their  mis- 
demeanours.     [1  p.'] 

5.  Petition  of  George  Clarke,  one  of  the  Officers  of  the  Ordnance,  to 
the  same.  The  Commissioners  for  the  Admiralty  [for  Saltpetre  and 
Gunpowder?]  having  been  informed  of  divers  powder  mills  in  Bristol 
which,  contrary  to  the  proclamation,  made  and  sold  powder  to  the 
prejudice  of  his  Majesty's  sale,  they  employed  petitioner  with  direc 


DOMESTIC — CHARLES  I.  249 


[]638?1 


Vol.  CCCCVIII. 

tion  to  the  Mayor  of  Bristol  for  disabling  the  said  mills,  which  has 
been  performed,  as  related  in  the  mayor's  letter  to  tlie  Lords.  Prays 
for  some  satisfaction.     [See  also  Vol.  ccclxxxiii.,  No.  41.     ^  p.J 

6.  Petition  of  William  Wall,  of  London,  merchant,  to  the  Council. 
Petitioner  having  contracted  with  certain  mercliants  of  Zealand  for 
furnishing  100  fodder  of  lead,  provided  himself  of  that  proportion, 
with  intent  to  transport  the  same  accordingly.  The  exportation  of 
that  commodity  being  since  prohibited,  tlie  stock  lies  dead  on  his 
hands,  and  he  is  threatened  to  be  sued  on  his  contract.  Prays  licence 
for  the  transportation  of  the  lead,  he  entering  bond  that  the  same 
shall  be  conveyed  into  some  part  of  the  United  Provinces.     [^  p.J 

7.  Petition  of  William  Gore  to  the  same.  Petitioner,  in  accord- 
ance with  an  order  of  the  Lords,  has  submitted  himself  to  the 
Eastland  Company,  and  yet  they,  contrary  to  the  true  intention  of 
the  said  order,  have  laid  a  tax  of  fiOZ.  and  upwards  upon  petitioner, 
whereupon  petitioner  exhibited  his  complaint  to  the  Lords,  who 
directed  that  a  subscription  should  be  made  under  the  same,  that 
they  found  the  said  high  penalty  very  strange,  and  that  they  expected 
better  conformity  with  their  order,  which  being  delivered  to  the 
company,  they  answered  that  they  would  attend  the  Lords  about 
the  same,  which  yet  they  have  not  done,  purposely  delaying  peti- 
tioner, knowing  that  he  has  goods  ready  to  be  shipped,  which  will 
tend  to  his  undoing  if  he  be  prevented  of  the  next  opportunity  to 
send  away  the  same.  Prays  the  Lords  to  order  the  Eastland  Com- 
pany to  accept  petitioner's  submission,  and  that  his  fine  may  be 
remitted  or  extenuated,  and  he  be  suffered  to  ship  his  goods,     [f  p.'] 

8.  Petition  of  Sir  Xjlervase  Scrope,  prisoner  in  the  Fleet,  to  the 
same.  Petitioner  has  justly  incurred  censure  for, some  menacing 
speeches  used  to  one  of  his  Majesty's  officers  in  the  execution  of  his 
place  for  ship-money.  Prays  the  Lords  of  their  accustomed  good- 
ness to  persons  brought  to  a  true  sight  of  their  errors  to  vouchsafe 
his  release,     [i  2^-] 

9.  Petition  of  Robert  Anderson  to  the  same.  By  undue  practice 
between  ThomasHardware,  owner  of  the  Margaret,  of  Yarmouth,  laden 
with  coals,  Clement  Baker,  master  of  the  same,  Thomas  West,  a  wood- 
monger  near  Charing  Cross,  who  bought  the  said  coals,  and  Thomas 
Horth,  agent  for  the  shippers,  against  the  Hostmen  of  NcM'castle, 
petitioner  has  been  twice  sent  for  by  a  pursuivant  and  enforced  to 
two  journeys  from  Newcastle;  also  he  has  been  put  to  an  expense  of 
at  least  2001,  besides  the  scandal  brought  upon  his  colliery  at  New- 
castle, he  never  having  had  to  do  with  those  coals  more  than  the 
merest  stranger.  A  certificate  remains  in  the  hands  of  the  clerk  of 
the  Council  from  the  Bishop  of  Durham  and  Sir  John  Fenwick,  to 
whom  the  Lords  referred  the  matter.  Prays  that  the  certificate 
may  be  read,  and  that  petitioner  may  have  some  reparation  for  his 
wrongful  vexation.     [^  p.] 


250  DOMESTIC! — CHARLES  I. 

[1638  ?] 


Vol.  CCCCVIII. 


10.  Petition  of  owners  and  masters  of  ships  trading  to  Newcastle 
for  coals  to  the  Council,  Until  lately  petitioners  had  liberty  as  in 
a  free  market  to  buy  coals  of  any  Hostmen  at  Newcastle,  and  had  such 
over-measure  as  for  a  long  time  had  been  allowed.  In  the  fourth 
year  of  his  Majesty's  reign  coals  were  raised  12d.  in  every  chaldron 
upon  promise  that  the  accustomed  over-measure  should  be  continued, 
which  was  never  denied  till  last  year,  when,  by  combination  between 
the  Hostmen  and  his  Majesty's  farmers  at  Newcastle,  the  Host- 
men,  being  about  50,  appointed  seven  persons  to  sit  at  a  board  of 
green  cloth,  and  there  to  appoint  deliverance  of  coals  to  every 
shipper  for  the  whole  fraternity ;  by  which  means  petitioners  were 
not  only  often^laden  with  unsaleable  coals,  but  were  debarred  of  their 
accustomed  overplus  measure,  which  was  the  very  livelihood  of 
petitioners.  Against  which  grievance  and  innovation  petitioners 
petitioned  last  summer  for  relief,  but  their  petition  was  stayed  by 
Mr.  Warmanth,  alderman  and  solicitor  of  Newcastle,  then  attending 
the  Loi-ds  on  other  business,  upon  promise  that  at  his  return  to 
Newcastle  he  would  cause  the  quartering  and  gross  sale  in  common 
to  cease,  which  about  Michaelmas  last  was  for  a  short  time  per- 
formed. Since  Christmas  the  Hostmen  have  set  up  again  their 
quartering  and  monopoly,  by  which  means  a  great  number  of  ships 
accustomed  do  not  now  go  to  Newcastle,  but  traffic  into  foreign 
parts  or  lie  still,  for  that  the  Newcastle  voyage  will  not  bear 
common  charge  and  losses  of  adventure.  Pray  relief.  [1  p-l 
Annexed, 

10.  I.  Petition  of  the  same  to  the  saone,  stated  in  the  preceding 

article  to  have  been  presented  last  summer.     [1  p."] 

11.  Pi'opositions  proffered  by  the  masters  and  owners  of  ships 
trading  to  Newcastle,  Sunderland,  &c.,  of  the  terms  upon  which 
they  will  supply  London  with  coals  if  they  may  have  a  free  trade 
to  Newcastle  and  a  just  measure,  being  a  copy  of  the  paper  already 
calendared  in  Vol.  ccclxacxvii.,  No.  20.     [|  p.] 

12.  Reasons  to  induce  his  Majesty  to  compound  and  take  in  hand 
two  patents  granted  out  for  stuff  tb  make  blue  starch  as  saffer  and 
potashes.  The  patents  complained  of  were  granted  by  James  I.  on 
20th  January  in  the  16th  year  of  his  reign,  for  31  years,  to  Sir 
George  Hayes,  but  really  for  the  benefit  of  Abraham  Baker,  a 
Dutchman,  born  in  Flanders.  Great  misconduct  is  attributed  to 
Baker  by  the  writer  of  the  present  paper,  who  prays  the  King  to 
withdraw  the  patent  from  Baker  and  confer  it  upon  Christian 
Wilhelm,  the  first  man  that  invented  smalts  in  this  kingdom,  and 
from  whom  Baker  had  his  insight,  and  so  got  a  patent  over  his  head. 
The  writer  further  states  that  there  is  a  stuff  called  "  barilli  "  that 
is  better  for  blue  than  potashes,  and  that  Wilhelm  has  invented  tlie 
making  of  white  earthen  pots,  glazed  both  within  and  without,  which 
show  as  fair  as  China  dishes.     [  =  2  jp^.] 

]  3.  Suggestion  of  Edward  Misselden  for  a  letter  to  be  written  to  the 
company  of  Merchant  Adventurers  by  the  King,  complaining  of  the 


DOMESTIC— CHARLES  I.  251 


[1638  ?J 


Vol.  CCCCAQII. 

way  in  which  a  royal  letter  on  behalf  of  Missel  den  had  been  treated 
by  Peter  Jones,  a  member  of  the  company.  Jones  was  to  be 
examined  before  the  governor  and  deputy,  and  a  report  to  be  made 
thereof.     [|  p.] 

14.  Propositions  to  be  presented  to  the  Earl  of  Northumberland 
as  Lord  Admiral  for  his  approval,  touching  provant-clothes  to  be 
vended  in  1638  aboard  his  Majesty's  ships.     [If  p.] 

15.  Statement  of  the  abuses  in  clothing  with  the  remedies  sug- 
gested by  Mr.  Withers,  and  by  him  delivered  to  the  Council,  with  an 
underwritten  certificate  of  the  approval  of  the  same  by  William 
Adam,  Christopher  Potticary,  and  12  other  clothiers  whose  names 
are  subscribed.     [Broad  sheet.     =  4  pp."] 

16.  Abstract  of  Sir  Alexander  Gordon's  proceedings  in  his  suit 
touching  tradesmen  and  artificers.  Sir  Alexander's  propositions  were 
approved  by  the  two  late  chief  justices,  but  objected  to  by  Attorney- 
General  Noy,  and  moderated  by  his  Majesty.  Ultimately  Sir 
Alexander  moved  for  a  commission  to  treat  for  pardons  to  such 
offenders  as  of  their  own  accord  should  desire  the  same,  whereunto 
his  Majesty  condescended,  uttering  these  words,  "  Volenti  non  Jit 
injuria."  The  suit  had  been  delayed  by  Sir  Alexander's  being 
called  into  France,  and  thence  into  Scotland,  but  he  is  now  desirous 
to  pursue  the  same  to  a  successful  period.     [|  p.'] 

17.  Petition  of  Nicholas  Page,  clerk,  to  the  King.  The  assignees 
of  Sir  Nicholas  Halse  have  often  suggested  to  your  Majesty  that 
they  are  the  first  true  inventors  bf  kilns  to  dry  malt,  hops,  &c.,  with 
sea-coal,  turf,.&c.,  by  the  use  of  iron  plates.  Petitioner  was  the  first 
publisher,  and  has  the  first  grant  of  the  like  invention.  The 
neglect  of  putting  into  execution  the  said  work  is  a  great  incon- 
venience to  the  commonwealth  and  hindrance  to  your  Majesty's 
revenue.  Prays  that  the  assignees  of  Sir  Nicholas  may  be  ordered  to 
proceed  with  their  invention,  making  use  of  iron  plates,  and  that 
petitioner  may  go  on  with  his  own  particular  invention  without 
iron  plates.  If  petitioner  may,  enjoy  his  privilege  and  take  his 
remedy  against  such  as  may  trench  upon  his  way  according  to  the 
intent  of  his  grant,  he  will  be  accountable  to  your  Majesty  for  two 
thirds  of  the  profits.     [1  p.] 

18.  Statement  of  the  abuses  of  innkeepers,  victuallers,  and  ale- 
house-keepers in  the  brewing  of  beer,  and  the  advantages  which 
would  ensue  to  the  subject  from  prohibiting  innkeepers  and  others 
before  mentioned  from  exercising  the  calling  of  brewers.  The  abu.ses 
complained  of  were  that  there  was  an  excessive  consumption  of 
malt,  that  small  beer  was  seldom  brewed,  so  that  the  poor  were 
unable  to  procure  drink,  all  the  endeavour  of  brewers  being  to  please 
the  licentious  appetites  of  riotous  and  disordered  persons.     [1^  ^'l 

19.  Another  statement  in  the  form  of  articles  [by  Capt.  Duppa], 
enforcing  the  reasons  for  suppressing  innkeepers  and  victuallers  from 


252  DOMESTIC— CHAELES  I. 


[I638q  .     .      Yo..  CCCCVIII. 

brewing  and  establishing  licensed  brew-houses.  Among  the  argu- 
ments stated  in  favour  of  this  change,  the  following  is  alleged  in 
Article  No.  2,  that  if  common  brewers  were  established  all  men 
might  be  served  at  reasonable  prices,  "  and  his  Majesty  in  all  his 
progresses  may  have  his  drinks  brewed  near  the  Court,  so  that  the 
subjects  need  not  be  constrained  to  carry  his  Majesty's  drink,  some 
12,  some  14,  and  some  16  miles,  as  oftentimes  they  do."     [2|  pp.'] 

20.  Another  statement,  also  attributed  in  the  endorsement  to 
Capt.  Duppa,  setting  forth,  to  the  same  effect  as  the  preceding,  the 
advantages  which  would  accrue  from  the  establishment  of  common 
brewers.     [1  p.] 

WhitebaU.  21.  [The  Council  to  the  Sheriffs  of  the  several  counties.]    In  Jul^- 

last  his  Majesty  sent  forth  proclamations  that  no  man  should  buy 
any  grain  to  convert  into  malt,  after  Christmas  last,  but  such  as 
should  be  allowed  by  commissioners,  whereby  not  only  the  number 
of  maltsters  might  be  lessened,  but  also  they  might  be  reduced  under 
government  by  incorporating  in  every  county  meet  persons  for  that 
trade.  We  require  you  to  send  for  the  constables  in  every  hundred 
and  charge  them  to  bring  you  an  account  in  writing  of  such  persons 
as  have  bought  any  grain  to  convert  into  malt  since  Christmas  last, 
and  by  what  authority  the  maltsters  have  done  the  same,  and  their 
account  j'ou  are  to  return  to  us  before  the  J  0th  June  next.     [1^  p.] 

22.  The  same  to  the  Mayor  of  Eeading.  To  certify  the  names  of 
persons  in  that  town  who  have  since  Christmas  exercised  the  trade 
of  malting.  [Underwritten  is  a  list  of  cities  and  towns  to  which 
similar  letters  were  directed.     Draft.     ]  jp.] 

23.  Answer  to  objections  against  the  orders  for  better  regulating 
maltsters,  especiallj'-  with  reference  to  co.  Hertford.     [2^  pp?^ 

24.  Information  that  John  Newell,  of  Elstow,  co.  Bedford, 
continues  brewing  in  contempt  of  the  proclamation,  and  has  living 
with  him  Gabriel  Newell,  who  goes  about  the  country  to  get  the 
hands  of  innkeepers  and  alehouse-keepers  to  a  petition  to  the  King, 
which  intimates  their  consent  to  give  the  King  20s.  per  annum  tn 
be  at  liberty  to  brew  as  before,  and  for  this  service  he  demands  12ci!. 
per  house  as  a  fee  due  to  him.  It  is  desired  that  this  may  be 
examined  by  two  justices  of  peace.     [^  p.] 

25.  Statement  of  the  manifold  and  dangerous  abuses  committed  by 
the  distillers  of  strong  waters.  It  is  asserted  that  the  material  ingre- 
dients of  their  distillations  are  principally  the  emptyings  of  brewers' 
vessels,  droppings  of  alewives'  taps,  and  washings  of  beer  hogsheads, 
which  they  call  a  low  wine ;  adding  thereto  spices,  seeds,  and  herbs, 
and  dulcifying  it  with  the  refuse  or  dross  of  sugar,  fit  only  for  hogs' 
treacle.  There  is  appended  a  list  of  "the  barbarous  names"  of 
thirty-thr